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37003363 the History of China

37003363 the History of China

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Published by: mukeshbansal001 on Nov 25, 2010
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In the northwest the Tangut (Pinyin:
Dangxiang), a Tibetan-speaking branch
of the Qiang, inhabited the region
between the far end of the Great Wall in
present-day Gansu and the Huang He
bend in Inner Mongolia. Their semi-
oasis economy combined irrigated
agriculture with pastoralism, and, by
controlling the terminus of the famous
Silk Road, they became middlemen in
trade between Central Asia and China.
They adopted Buddhism as a state

136 | The History of China

Tang ofcial titles, an examination sys-
tem, Chinese-style tax regulations, and
the Chinese language. The laws of the
second administration enforced the
established way of life, including such
practices as ancestral worship among the
Chinese subjects. The status of Chinese
subjects varied: some were free subjects
who might move upward into the civil
service, while others might be held in
bondage and slavery.
Though honouring the Confucian
philosophy, the Liao rulers patronized
Chinese Buddhism. Their achievements
were generally military and administra-
tive rather than cultural, but they did
provide a model for their successors, the
Jin, who in turn infuenced the Mongols
and, through them, succeeding Chinese

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