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#2/1-392 q.

baTumi, 2008 wlis 31 marti

kolegiis Semadgenloba:
besik lolaZe – sxdomis Tavmjdomare, momxsenebeli mosamarTle
oTar siWinava – wevri
joni xecuriani – wevri

sxdomis mdivani: darejan Caligava

saqmis dasaxeleba: saqarTvelos moqalaqe SoTa beriZe da


sxvebi saqarTvelos parlamentis winaaRmdeg

davis sagani: `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb~


saqarTvelos kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqtis sityvebis `aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze~ konstituciuroba saqarTvelos
konstituciis me-14 da 31-e muxlebTan mimarTebiT

saqmis ganxilvis monawileni: mosarCele marine bedoSvili;


mosarCeleTa warmomadgeneli daviT jalabaZe; mopasuxis –
saqarTvelos parlamentis warmomadgenlebi baTar Canqseliani da levan
kasraZe

I
1. #392 konstituciuri sarCeli saqarTvelos sakonstitucio
sasamarTloSi Semotanilia 2006 wlis 22 ivniss. mosarCeleebi SoTa
beriZe, nadeJda meliqiSvili, asmaT sirbilaZe da sxvebi (sul 67
mosarCele) arian sxvadasxva SezRuduli pasuxismgeblobis
sazogadoebebSi, wigniT vaWrobis sferoSi moqmed sawarmoebSi
dasaqmebuli pirebi.
2. #392 konstituciuri sarCeli 2006 wlis 31 ivlisis #1/5/392 saoqmo
CanaweriT, im nawilSi, romelic Seexeboda sadavo normis
konstituciurobas saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 da 31-e muxlebTan
mimarTebiT, arsebiTad gansaxilvelad miiRo saqarTvelos sakonstitucio
sasamarTlos pirvelma kolegiam. saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos
kolegiebis Semadgenlobis ganaxlebis Semdeg, konstituciuri sarCeli
arsebiTad gansaxilvelad gadaeca saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos
meore kolegias. meore kolegiis mier #392 konstituciuri sarCelis arsebiTi
ganxilva gaimarTa 2007 wlis 22 oqtombrisa da 3 dekembris sxdomebze.
3. davis sagani aris `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb~
saqarTvelos kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqtis sityvebis `aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis...~ konstituciuroba saqarTvelos konstituciis me-
14 da 31-e muxlebTan mimarTebiT. `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis
Sesaxeb~ kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqti iTvaliswinebda aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze vaWrobis, sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da
sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebis profilis mcire sawarmoebis, romelTa
sabalanso Rirebuleba ar aRemateboda 100 000 lars, miyidvas am
sawarmoebSi dasaqmebul pirebze pirdapiri miyidvis wesiT. am mcire
sawarmoebis gasayidi fasi ganisazRvreboda privatizaciis dRisaTvis
arsebuli sabalanso Rirebulebis da am kanonis miRebis dros moqmedi
zonaluri koeficientis mixedviT.
4. 2007 wlis 11 ivliss `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb~
kanonSi Sevida cvlilebebi. kanonis saTauri Camoyalibda Semdegi
redaqciiT: `saxelmwifo qonebis da adgilobrivi TviTmmarTveli erTeulis
qonebis privatizebisa da sargeblobis uflebiT gadacemis Sesaxeb~.
Zaladakargulad CaiTvala kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqti da
TavisTavad, is sityvebic, rasac asaCivrebdnen mosarCeleebi.
`sakonstitucio samarTalwarmoebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis me-
13 muxlis me-6 punqtis Sesabamisad, `sakonstitucio sasamarTlos mier
saqmis arsebiTad gansaxilvelad miRebis Semdeg sadavo aqtis
gauqmeba an Zaladakargulad cnoba ar iwvevs sakonstitucio
sasamarTloSi saqmis Sewyvetas, Tu igi exeba saqarTvelos konstituciis
meore TaviT aRiarebul adamianis uflebebsa da Tavisuflebebs.~ iqedan
gamomdinare, rom mosarCelem uari ar ganacxada sasarCelo
moTxovnaze, sadavo normis Zaladakargulad cnobam ar gamoiwvia
saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTloSi #392 konstituciuri sarCelis
arsebiTi ganxilvis Sewyveta.
5. mosarCeleTa warmomadgenlis azriT, sadavo norma
ewinaaRmdegeba saqarTvelos konstitucias, radganac is vrceldeba
saqarTvelos mxolod erT konkretul regionze da ar moqmedebs
saxelmwifos danarCen teritoriaze ganlagebul mcire sawarmoebSi
dasaqmebul pirebze. aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze
ganlagebul mcire sawarmoebSi dasaqmebul pirebTan mimarTebiT
araTanabar, diskriminirebul mdgomareobaSia Cayenebuli sawarmoebisa
da saprivatizebo uZravi qonebis SeZenis msurveli saqarTvelos
danarCeni mosaxleoba, maT Soris, mosarCeleebic. mosarCeleebi

2
principulad uWeren mxars privatizebisas garkveuli SeRavaTebisa Tu
privilegiebis dawesebas sawarmoTa SromiTi koleqtivebisaTvis, magram
am dros zedmiwevniT unda iyos daculi Tanasworuflebianobis principi da
SeRavaTiani pirobebi saqarTvelos mTel teritoriaze unda gavrceldes.
mosarCele mxare miiCnevs, rom sadavo aqtiT darRveulia
konstituciiT garantirebuli Tanasworobis, kerZod ki – sacxovrebeli adgilis
mixedviT Tanasworobis ufleba. mosarCeleTa warmomadgenlis
gancxadebiT, arasworia mopasuxis warmomadgenlebis Sexeduleba imis
Taobaze, rom saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxlSi CamoTvlili niSnebi,
romelTa mixedviT diskriminacia akrZalulia, amomwuravia. diskriminacia
ufro farTod unda iqnes gagebuli da terminis `amomwuravi~
gamoyeneba konstituciasTan mimarTebiT uxerxulic ki aris. garda amisa,
sacxovrebeli adgili, konstituciursamarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT, ufro farTod
unda iqnes gagebuli, vidre ubralod is adgili, romelsac adamiani irCevs
sacxovreblad. SesaZlebelia, sadavo normis miRebisas kanonmdebeli
miznad ar isaxavda saqarTvelos moqalaqeTa araTanabar
mdgomareobaSi Cayenebas, magram Sedegis mixedviT swored aseTi
mdgomareoba Seiqmna. araTanaswor pirobebSi aRmoCnda
adamianebis didi jgufi da konstituciam swored amisgan unda daicvas
moqalaqeebi. sadavo normis mier dadgenili sakanonmdeblo regulireba
ar iyo dasabuTebuli, gonivruli da mizanSewonili.
mosarCeleTa warmomadgenels miaCnia, rom saqarTvelos
konstituciis 31-e muxli adamianis ZiriTad uflebas adgens. iqedan
gamomdinare, rom sadavo norma SeRavaTebs uwesebs pirTa garkveul
wres, am pirebs eZlevaT garkveuli upiratesoba da perspeqtivebi
socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebis TvalsazrisiT, radganac socialur-
ekonomikuri ganviTarebis procesi mniSvnelovanwilad aris dakavSirebuli
sakuTrebasTan mimarTebiT garkveuli SeRavaTebis gavrcelebasTan.
aseTi SeRavaTebis daweseba, erTis mxriv misasalmebelia, radganac es
gamomdinareobs saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxlis arsidan, magram
es ar unda moxdes kanonis winaSe Tanasworobis principis darRveviT.
mosarCeleTa warmomadgenlis azriT, sadavo normis
konstituciasTan SesabamisobaSi moyvanis mizniT, `am normidan
amoRebul unda iqnas sityvebi: `aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis~ da
maT nacvlad Caiweros sityva `saqarTvelos~, rac uzrunvelyofs
saqarTvelos mosaxleobis, kerZod, am normiT gaTvaliswinebuli
kategoriis mcire sawarmoebSi dasaqmebuli pirebisaTvis (maT Soris,
mosarCeleebisaTvis) saxelmwifo qonebis pirdapiri miyidvis wesis
Tanabrad gamoyenebas...~.

3
mosarCeleTa warmomadgenelma miuTiTa im faqtobriv
garemoebebze, romlebic, misi varaudiT, adasturebs imas, rom sadavo
normis moqmedeba mosarCeleebzec unda gavrcelebuliyo.
mosarCeleebma Tavis droze ver isargebles saqarTvelos respublikis
ministrTa kabinetis mier 1992 wlis 17 marts miRebuli dadgenilebiT
`saqarTvelos respublikaSi sameurneo saqmianobis demonopolizaciis
zogierT RonisZiebaTa Sesaxeb~, saqarTvelos respublikis mTavrobis
1992 wlis 26 agvistos #871 dadgenilebiT `saqarTvelos respublikaSi
sameurneo saqmianobis demonopolizaciis zogierT RonisZiebaTa
Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos respublikis ministrTa kabinetis 1992 wlis 17
martis #323 dadgenilebis gamoyenebis wesis Sesaxeb~, saqarTvelos
saxelmwifos meTauris 1995 wlis 20 noembris #487 brZanebulebiT
`Tbilisis teritoriaze ganlagebuli administraciuli Senoba-nagebobebis
Tbilisis municipalitetis sakuTrebaSi gadacemis Sesaxeb~. am normatiuli
aqtebis safuZvelze, SromiTi koleqtivis gadawyvetilebis Sesabamisad,
SesaZlebeli iyo ganxorcielebuliyo wigniT vaWrobis maRaziebis, sadac
dasaqmebulebi iyvnen mosarCeleebi, Camoyalibeba damoukidebel
iuridiul pirebad da gasvla saxelmwifo gaerTianebidan `saqwigni~.
damoukidebel iuridiul pirad Camoyalibebul sawarmos gankerZoebuli
qonebis gansazRvrisas unda gadascemoda mis sameurneo
saqmianobaSi arsebuli ZiriTadi da sabrunavi saSualebebi sabalanso
RirebulebiT. sxva aqtivebi da pasivebi ki gaiyofoda maTSi sawarmos
realuri wilis proporciulad. es normebi ar iqna Sesrulebuli
mosarCeleebTan mimarTebaSi. maT, aseve, ver miiRes municipaluri
qoneba Senoba-nagebobebis saxiT q. Tbilisis meriisagan, romelsac
saqarTvelos saxelmwifos meTauris 1995 wlis 20 noembris #487
brZanebulebiT, ufleba hqonda gadaewyvita municipaluri qonebis
pirdapiri wesiT miyidvis sakiTxi. saqarTvelos prezidentis 1997 wlis 29
dekembris #776 brZanebulebiT ki saerTod SeCerda aRniSnuli Senoba-
nagebobebis privatizeba. garda amisa, mosarCele mxarem sasamarTlo
sxdomaze damatebiTi mtkicebulebis saxiT warmoadgina saqarTvelos
respublikis vice-premieris 1994 wlis 23 agvistos #453/65 rezolucia
saqarTvelos respublikis saxelmwifo qonebis marTvis ministrisadmi,
saqarTvelos respublikis saxelmwifo qonebis marTvis saministros 1994
wlis 29 seqtembris #01-10/2824 werili saqarTvelos respublikis vice-
premierisadmi, saqarTvelos respublikis saxelmwifo qonebis marTvis
saministros qalaq Tbilisis mTavari sammarTvelos ufrosis werili
saqarTvelos respublikis saxelmwifo qonebis marTvis ministrisadmi,

4
saqarTvelos wignis vaWrobis sabiTumo-sacalo gaerTianebis `saqwigni~
mmarTvelis werili saqarTvelos respublikis premier-ministrisadmi.
mosarCeleTa warmomadgeneli askvnis, rom mosarCeleebis
mimarTac iseve Seferxda privatizebis procesi, rogorc im pirTa mimarT,
romlebzedac vrceldeba sadavo normis moqmedeba da aqedan
gamomdinare, privatizebis SeRavaTiani reJimi mosarCeleebzec unda
gavrcelebuliyo.
6. mopasuxis warmomadgenlebi miuTiTeben, rom sadavo normis
miRebis erT-erTi mizezi iyo aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze,
arsebuli politikuri situaciidan gamomdinare, privatizebis procesis
realurad ganuxorcielebloba. 2005 wlis seqtembridan daiwyo aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze arsebuli saxelmwifo qonebis
privatizeba auqcionis wesiT. Seiqmna safrTxe, rom vaWrobis,
sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebis sferoSi
arsebul mcire sawarmoebSi dasaqmebuli pirebis kanonieri interesebi ver
iqneboda daculi auqcionis wesiT privatizebisas da saprivatizebo obieqts
SeiZenda is piri, romelic yvelaze maRal fass gadaixdida. realuri iyo am
sawarmoebSi dasaqmebul pirTa umuSevrad darCenisa da socialuri
problemebis warmoSobis safrTxe.
kanonis winaSe Tanasworoba ar gulisxmobs, rom yvelanairi
gansxvavebuli mopyroba warmoadgens diskriminacias. mopasuxis
warmomadgenlebma argumentad moitanes gaeros adamianis uflebaTa
komitetis mosazreba, romlis Sesabamisadac, `gansxvavebuli mopyroba,
romelic efuZneba gonivrul da obieqtur kriteriumebs, ar warmoadgens
akrZalul diskriminacias `samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb~
saerTaSoriso paqtis 26-e muxlis mniSvnelobiT.~ adamianis uflebaTa
evropuli sasamarTlosa da saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos
praqtikidan gamomdinare, imisaTvis, rom diskriminaciuli mopyroba iyos
saxeze, aucilebelia: 1. diferencirebulad ganixilebodes erTnairi
SemTxvevebi gonivruli, obieqturi safuZvlebisa da kanonismieri miznis
gareSe an 2. ar iyos daculi gonivruli Tanazomiereba mizansa da miznis
misaRwevad gamosayenebel saSualebebs Soris an 3. (saqarTvelos
sakonstitucio sasamarTlos mixedviT) ar iyos uzrunvelyofili
diferencirebulobis Tanabari done erTsa da imave pirobebSi myofi
subieqtebisaTvis.
sadavo normis miRebis mizani iyo pirebis qonebrivi mdgomareobis
SenarCuneba da gaumjobeseba, kanonismieri da socialuri
samarTlianobis miRweva da mwvave socialuri problemis Tavidan
acileba. daculia Tanazomierebis principic – sadavo normaSi ar

5
SeiniSneba arc erTi elementi, romelic gviCvenebda am normis sxvagvar
saWiroebas, garda zemoaRniSnuli miznebisa. sadavo norma iyo dasaxuli
miznis miRwevis yvelaze gamarTlebuli, efeqtiani da Sedegis momtani
saSualeba. aseve ar aris saxeze diferencirebulobis araTanabari done
erTsa da imave pirobebSi myofi subieqtebisaTvis. aqedan gamomdinare,
saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxliT uzrunvelyofili kanonis winaSe
Tanasworobis principi ar aris darRveuli.
mopasuxis warmomadgenlebi SesagebelSi miuTiTeben, rom
saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxli amomwuravad adgens im niSnebis
CamonaTvals, romelTa miuxedavadac yvela Tanasworia kanonis winaSe.
am niSnebSi ar aris sacxovrebeli adgili, romelzedac apelirebs mosarCele
mxare. sinamdvileSi, sadavo normis safuZvelze gansxvavebuli
mopyroba ganxorcielda ara sacxovrebeli, aramed dasaqmebis adgilis
mixedviT, rac principulad gansxvavdeba sacxovrebeli adgilisagan.
Tumca, sasamarTlo sxdomaze mopasuxis warmomadgenelma
ganacxada, rom me-14 muxlis CamonaTvalis amomwuravobaze
msjelobisas moiyvana samecniero literaturaSi miTiTebuli mosazreba,
Tavad ki eTanxmeba mosarCeleTa warmomadgenels da miaCnia, rom
CamonaTvali absoluturad amomwuravi ar aris.
rac Seexeba, saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxlis darRvevis
sakiTxs, saxelmwifom sadavo normis miRebiT xeli Seuwyo qveynis
teritoriis Tanabar socialur-ekonomikur ganviTarebas da ara piriqiT.
kanonmdebelma gadawyvita, rom aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis
mdgomareoba privatizebis sferoSi gaeTanabrebina danarCeni
saqarTvelos mdgomareobisaTvis. man miiRo gardamavali norma,
romelic Tavisi arsiT aWaris socialur-ekonomikuri mdgomareobis
danarCeni saqarTvelos socialur-ekonomikur mdgomareobasTan am
kuTxiT gaTanabrebas emsaxureboda.
yovelive zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, mopasuxis
warmomadgenlebi Tvlian, rom sasarCelo moTxovna aris usafuZvlo da ar
unda dakmayofildes.

II
1. mosarCele mxaris mtkicebiT, `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis
Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqtis sityvebi
`aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze~ ewinaaRmdegeba
saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxls. kerZod, mosarCeleebi arian
Cayenebuli kanonis winaSe araTanaswor mdgomareobaSi maTi
sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT. Sesabamisi legitimuri safuZvlebis gareSe,

6
maTze ar gavrcelda is SeRavaTebi, rac kanonma dauwesa aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze ganlagebul vaWrobis, sazogadoebrivi
kvebisa da sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebis profilis mcire sawarmoebSi
dasaqmebul pirebs.
2. saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxlis Tanaxmad, `yvela
adamiani dabadebiT Tavisufalia da kanonis winaSe Tanasworia
ganurCevlad rasisa, kanis ferisa, enisa, sqesisa, religiisa, politkuri da
sxva Sexedulebebisa, erovnuli, eTnikuri da socialuri kuTvnilebisa,
warmoSobisa, qonebrivi da wodebrivi mdgomareobisa, sacxovrebeli
adgilisa.~ saWiroa am fuZemdebluri konstituciuri norma-principis
srulyofili ganmarteba, masSi obieqtivirebuli nebis arsis gageba.
saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxli adgens ara mxolod kanonis
winaSe Tanasworobis ZiriTad uflebas, aramed kanonis winaSe
Tanasworobis fundamentur konstituciur princips. misi mizania,
uzrunvelyos Tanasworoba kanonis winaSe, ar dauSvas arsebiTad
Tanasworis ganxilva uTanasworod an piriqiT. am muxlSi arsebuli
niSnebis CamonaTvali, erTi SexedviT, gramatikuli TvalsazrisiT,
amomwuravia, magram normis mizani gacilebiT ufro masStaburia, vidre
mxolod masSi arsebuli SezRuduli CamonaTvalis mixedviT diskriminaciis
akrZalva. saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxli pirdapir ar iTvaliswinebs
kanonis winaSe yvelas Tanasworobas `dasaqmebis adgilis~
miuxedavad, magram es TavisTavad gamomdinareobs am normis
arsidan da misi miznebidan. mxolod viwro gramatikuli ganmarteba
gamofitavda saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxls da daakninebda mis
mniSvnelobas konstituciursamarTlebriv sivrceSi. aqedan gamomdinare,
sakonstitucio sasamarTlos miaCnia, rom kanonmdeblis mier pirTa
garkveuli jgufisaTvis maTi `dasaqmebis adgilis~ mixedviT garkveuli
privilegiebis miniWeba warmoadgens potenciur Carevas saqarTvelos
konstituciis me-14 muxliT dacul sferoSi da eqvemdebareba
konstituciursamarTlebriv Semowmebas.
3. pirTa wre, romelzedac sadavo normiT dawesebuli SeRavaTiani
saprivatizacio reJimis moqmedeba vrceldeba, moicavs aWaris
avtonomiur respublikaSi vaWrobis, sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da
sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebis profilis mcire sawarmoebSi, romelTa
sabalanso Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 100 aTas lars, dasaqmebul pirebs.
rogorc saqmis masalebidan irkveva, mosarCeleebic am tipis
sawarmoebSi, kerZod wigniT vaWrobis profilis mcire sawarmoebSi arian
dasaqmebulebi. samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT, isini arsebiTad ar
gansxvavdebian aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze ganTavsebul

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mcire sawarmoebSi dasaqmebuli pirebisagan, garda dasaqmebis
adgilisa. mosarCeleebi moeqceodnen sadavo normis moqmedebis
sferoSi, Tu ar iarsebebda daTqma normis moqmedebis teritoriul
sazRvrebTan dakavSirebiT. amdenad, gasaCivrebuli normiT arsebiTad
Tanaswori subieqtebi Cayenebulia samarTlebrivad araTanaswor
mdgomareobaSi. `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb~
saqarTvelos kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqtiT, privatizebisas
xelsayreli pirobebi eqmneba pirTa garkveul kategorias im sawarmoTa
ganlagebis adgilidan gamomdinare, sadac isini arian dasaqmebuli.
amave dros, analogiuri sakanonmdeblo reJimiT ar sargebloben
saqarTvelos teritoriis danarCen nawilSi arsebul igive tipis sawarmoebSi
dasaqmebuli pirebi.
4. Tavidanve unda aRiniSnos, rom safuZvels moklebulia
mosarCeleTa warmomadgenlis mier sasamarTlo sxdomaze warmodgenil
axsna-ganmartebaSi gadmocemuli moTxovna sadavo sityvebis `aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis~ sityvebiT `saqarTvelos~ Secvlis Taobaze.
mosarCeles, `sakonstitucio samarTalwarmoebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos
kanonis Sesabamisad, ar SeuZlia sasarCelo moTxovnis gazrda. garda
amisa, Zaladakargul normaSi cvlilebebis ganxorcieleba SeuZlebelia da
es, aseve, scildeba saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos
kompetencias.
5. saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxlTan sadavo normis
Sesabamisobis Semowmebisas gasarkvevia, xom ar aris samarTlebrivi
SeRavaTis daweseba sxvadasxva subieqtebis kompetencia. am
SemTxvevaSi, nebismieri samarTlebrivi pretenzia saqarTvelos
konstituciis me-14 muxlis darRvevasTan dakavSirebiT usafuZvlo
iqneboda, radganac Tanasworobis principi zRudavs sajaro xelisuflebis
TiToeul subieqts misi uflebamosilebebis sferoSi. saqarTvelos
parlaments, umaRles warmomadgenlobiT organos, romelic konstituciis
safuZvelze axorcielebs sakanonmdeblo xelisuflebas, sruli ufleba aqvs
kanoniT moawesrigos privatizebasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi
yovelgvari teritoriuli SezRudvebis gareSe. aqedan gamomdinare,
privatizebisas mosarCeleTaTvis garkveuli SeRavaTebis sakanonmdeblo
doneze dadgena, iseve, rogorc es ganaxorciela aWaris avtonomiuri
respublikis teritoriaze ganlagebul sawarmoebSi dasaqmebul pirTa
mimarT, saqarTvelos parlamentis kompetenciaSi Sedioda.
6. saqmis masalebidan naTlad Cans, rom gasaCivrebuli normis
miRebisas saqarTvelos parlamenti miznad ar isaxavda mosarCeleTa da
zogadad, am kategoriis pirTa araTanaswor mdgomareobaSi Cayenebas.

8
kanonis winaSe Tanasworobis moTxovnis darRvevis dadgenisas ar aris
savaldebulo, rom uTanasworo samarTlebrivi mdgomareobis Seqmna
warmoadgendes Sesabamisi normis mimRebi organos mizans. am
SemTxvevaSi, mTavaria ara kanonmdeblis ganzraxva, aramed is realuri
Sedegi, rac iqna miRebuli. `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb~
saqarTvelos kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqtis sityvebiT `aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis~ xdeba upiratesobis miniWeba da am
SemTxvevaSi is aris araTanaswor mdgomareobaSi Cayenebuli, vinc
privilegirebulTa msgavs situaciaSia da SeRavaTs ar Rebulobs.
7. mosarCeleTa araTanaswor mdgomareobaSi Cayeneba
TavisTavad ar niSnavs, rom sadavo normiT darRveulia saqarTvelos
konstituciis me-14 muxli. amaze metyvelebs adamianis uflebaTa
evropuli sasamarTlos praqtika da saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos
mier miRebuli gadawyvetilebebic. 2005 wlis 16 Tebervlis #1/2/213,243
gadawyvetilebaSi sakonstitucio sasamarTlo miuTiTebs: `gansxvavebuli
sakanonmdeblo mowesrigeba, cxadia, yvela SemTxvevaSi ar CaiTvleba
kanonis winaSe Tanasworobis principis darRvevad. kanonmdebels
ufleba aqvs kanoniT gansazRvros gansxvavebuli pirobebi, magram es
unda iyos dasabuTebuli, gonivruli da mizanSewonili.~ 2003 wlis 7
noembris #2/7/219 gadawyvetilebaSi saqarTvelos sakonstitucio
sasamarTlo aseve ayalibebs Tavis pozicias diferenciaciasTan
dakavSirebiT: `socialur, samarTlebriv da demokratiul saxelmwifoSi
kanonmdeblis mier moqalaqeTa saerTo masidan garkveuli jgufis
gamoyofa da maTTvis gansxvavebuli, SedarebiT araxelsayreli
samarTlebrivi regulirebis gansazRvra ganpirobebuli unda iyos arsebiTi,
gonivruli da obieqturi mizezebiT.~ rogorc vxedavT, SesaZlebelia
araTanaswori mopyrobis konstituciursamarTlebrivi gamarTleba.
amisaTvis, sadavo normis miRebas unda hqondes sakmarisad wonadi,
gonivruli da mniSvnelovani miznebi, kanonmdeblis moqmedeba unda
iyos sagnobrivad gamarTlebuli, araTviTneburi da Tanazomieri.
konstituciurobis Sefasebisas gasaTvaliswinebelia is, rom sadavo norma,
garkveulwilad, socialuri datvirTvis matarebelia da am mimarTebiT,
saxelmwifos sakmaod didi moqmedebis areali aqvs. meore mxriv,
diferenciacia ganxorcielebulia im niSniT, romelzec gavlenis moxdena da
TavisTvis SeRavaTebis mimniWebeli garemoebebis Seqmna
mosarCeleebs obieqturad ar SeuZliaT.
8. kanonmdeblis miznis Sesaxeb, garda mopasuxis
warmomadgenlebis mier konstituciuri sarCelis arsebiTi ganxilvisas
warmodgenili poziciisa, warmodgenas qmnis saqarTvelos parlamentis

9
aparatis mier saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlosaTvis gamogzavnili
dokumentacia. es dokumentacia moicavs `saxelmwifo qonebis
privatizebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi damatebis Setanis
Taobaze~ kanonproeqtis ganmartebiT baraTs, aseve, am kanonproeqtis
saqarTvelos parlamentis sxdomebze pirveli, meore da mesame
mosmeniT ganxilvis stenografiuli Canawerebis aslebs.
9. vaWrobis, sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebisa da sazogadoebrivi
kvebis profilis mcire sawarmoebSi dasaqmebulebi warmoadgenen pirTa
kategorias, romelmac wlebis ganmavlobaSi didi wvlili Seitana mcire
sawarmoTa SeqmnaSi, ganviTarebaSi da gansakuTrebuli
damokidebuleba hqonda maT mimarT. privatizebis sferoSi am jgufis
interesebis dasacavad 1994 wlis 29 maiss gamoica saqarTvelos
saxelmwifo meTauris #178 brZanebuleba `privatizaciis procesis
mowesrigebisa da daCqarebis zogierTi RonisZiebis Sesaxeb~.
brZanebulebis pirveli punqtiT damtkicda debuleba `privatizaciis
procesSi vaWrobis, sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da momsaxurebis sferos
sawarmoebis muSakTaTvis obieqtebis pirdapiri miyidvis Sesaxeb~,
romelic ZalaSi iyo brZanebulebaze xelmoweridan erTi wlis
ganmavlobaSi. `saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos
kanonSi damatebis Setanis Taobaze~ kanonproeqtis ganmartebiT
baraTSi miTiTebulia da kanonproeqtis plenarul sxdomaze ganxilvisas
aRiniSna, rom politikuri mizezebisa da adgilobrivi xelisuflebis
moqmedebis gamo, zogadad saprivatizacio procesi da konkretulad ki -
saqarTvelos saxelmwifos meTauris 1994 wlis 29 maisis #178
brZanebuleba aWaris avtonomiur respublikas ar Sexebia. avtori
kanonproeqtis miRebas Tvlida samarTlianobis aRdgenad da privatizebis
procesSi mcire sawarmoebSi dasaqmebulTa socialuri jgufis interesebis
gaTvaliswinebad.
10. sakonstitucio sasamarTlo ar Seudgeba saqarTvelos
saxelmwifos meTauris 1994 wlis 29 maisis #178 brZanebulebiT
damtkicebuli `privatizaciis procesSi vaWrobis, sazogadoebrivi kvebisa
da momsaxurebis sferos sawarmoebis muSakTaTvis obieqtebis pirdapiri
miyidvis Sesaxeb~ debulebis aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze
moqmedebis Seferxebis politikuri mizezebis analizs, rac scildeba
sasamarTlos kompetenciis farglebs. amave dros, unda aRiniSnos, rom
am debulebis safuZvelze aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze
obieqtebis privatizeba ar ganxorcielebula, rasac adasturebs aWaris
avtonomiuri respublikis finansTa da ekonomikis ministris 2007 wlis 21
noembris #01-22/3816 werili saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos

10
Tavmjdomaris moadgilisadmi. aqedan gamomdinare, parlamentis mier
sadavo aqtis miRebas hqonda legitimuri safuZveli. norma
emsaxureboda erTi mxriv, samarTlianobis aRdgenas da meore mxriv,
sakmaod mgrZnobiare socialuri jgufis interesebis dacvas.
11. saxelmwifos mier SeRavaTebis daweseba pirTa garkveuli
wrisadmi, erT SemTxvevaSi, ganxorcielda saqarTvelos saxelmwifos
meTauris brZanebulebiT, xolo meore SemTxvevaSi ki - kanoniT.
formalurad es samarTlebrivi gzebi gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan,
magram Tavisi arsiTa da mizniT, isini faqtiurad erTgvaria. 1994 wlis 29
maiss saqarTvelos saxelmwifo meTauris #178 brZanebuleba gamoica
im droisaTvis arsebuli samarTlebrivi sistemisa da saxelmwifo organoTa
kompetenciebis gaTvaliswinebiT, ramac wlebis ganmavlobaSi
transformacia ganicada. am kuTxiT, 2005 wlis 13 oqtombers, sadavo
normis mesame mosmeniT miRebisas, arsebobda sruliad gansxvavebuli
mocemulobebi, magram saxelmwifos mamoZravebeli mizani ucvleli iyo.
am SemTxvevaSi, arsebobda damatebiTi motivaciac – samarTlianobis
aRdgena pirTa garkveuli jgufis mimarT, ramac normis moqmedebis sfero
swored am jgufiT SezRuda.
12. mosarCeleTa warmomadgenlis azriT, samarTlianobis aRdgena
saWiro iyo ara mxolod aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze
arsebuli mcire sawarmoebis, aramed sxva mcire sawarmoebis muSakTa,
maT Soris, mosarCeleTa mimarTac, radganac am pirebs aseve ar
usargebliaT SeRavaTebiT privatizebisas. miTiTebuli iqna saqarTvelos
respublikis ministrTa kabinetis 1992 wlis 17 martis #323 dadgenileba
`saqarTvelos respublikaSi sameurneo saqmianobis demonopolizaciis
zogierTi RonisZiebis Sesaxeb~. es dadgenileba awesrigebs ara
saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebis sakiTxebs, aramed saxelmwifo
koncernebis, gaerTianebebisa da asociaciebis daSlas, dawvrilerTeulebas
an gauqmebas meurneobis decentralizaciis, Zveli administraciuli
mmarTvelobis sistemis demontaJisa da sameurneo saqmianobis
subieqtebis demonopolizaciis mizniT. marTalia, SromiT koleqtivebs
eZlevaT ufleba Camoayalibon TavianTi sawarmo iuridiul pirad da
nebayoflobiT gavidnen sxvadasxva tipis gaerTianebaTa
Semadgenlobidan, magram maTi qoneba rCeba saxelmwifos
sakuTrebaSi da maTi registracia xdeba saxelwodebiT `saxelmwifo
sawarmo~.
13. saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebas, aseve, ar Seexeba
saqarTvelos respublikis mTavrobis 1992 wlis 26 agvistos dadgenileba
`saqarTvelos respublikis ministrTa kabinetis 1992 wlis 17 martis #323

11
dadgenilebis gamoyenebis wesis Sesaxeb~. am dadgenilebiT damtkicda
msxvili saxelmwifo sawarmoebidan wvrili saxelmwifo sawarmoebis
gasvlis procedura. aRsaniSnavia, rom sawarmos SeqmnisaTvis saWiro
iyo Sesabamisi saministros (uwyebis) an adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis
organos brZaneba, rac TavisTavad metyvelebs am sawarmoTa
saxelmwifosadmi kuTvnilebaze. mosarCeleTa warmomadgeneli
apelirebs imaze, rom axal sawarmos gadaecemoda sameurneo
sargeblobaSi arsebuli ZiriTadi da sabrunavi saSualebebi sabalanso
RirebulebiT, aseve, sxva aqtivebi da pasivebi, maTSi sawarmos realuri
wilis proporciulad. aq saubaria ara saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebaze,
aramed gamoyenebulia termini `gankerZoebuli qoneba~, romelic
gadaecema saxelmwifo sawarmos da ara masSi dasaqmebul pirebs.
14. saqarTvelos saxelmwifo meTauris 1995 wlis 20 noembris #487
brZanebuleba `Tbilisis teritoriaze ganlagebuli administraciuli Senoba-
nagebobebis Tbilisis municipalitetis sakuTrebaSi gadacemis Sesaxeb~
iTvaliswinebs ara saxelmwifo qonebis privatizebas, aramed saxelmwifo
qonebis garkveuli nawilis gadacemas municipalitetisaTvis. mosarCeleTa
warmomadgenlis miTiTeba imaze, rom am aqtis safuZvelze
mosarCeleebma ver miiRes Senoba-nagebobebi pirdapiri miyidvis wesiT,
ar aris marTebuli. brZanebulebis Sinaarsidan gamomdinare, saqme
Seexeba qonebis pirdapiri wesiT ijariT gadacemas da ara pirdapiri
miyidvis wesiT privatizebas. garda amisa, am procedurebis
ganxorcieleba iyo meriis diskrecia da ara misi movaleoba.
15. safuZvels moklebulia mosarCeleTa warmomadgenlis mier
`saqarTvelos erovnuli meurneobis calkeul dargSi privatizebis
ganxorcielebis erTiani gegmis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos prezidentis 1997
wlis 29 dekembris #776 brZanebulebaze, rogorc saqarTvelos
saxelmwifos meTauris 1995 wlis 20 noembris #487 brZanebulebis
safuZvelze mimdinare, Senoba-nagebobebis privatizebis procesis
SemCerebel aqtze miTiTeba. rogorc ukve aRiniSna, #487 brZanebuleba
saerTod ar iTvaliswinebda municipaluri qonebis privatizebas da
ararsebul process ver SeaCerebda saqarTvelos prezidentis 1997 wlis 29
dekembris #776 brZanebuleba. aqve xazgasasmelia is garemoeba, rom
#776 brZanebulebis gamocemisaTvis 1994 wlis 29 maisis #178
brZanebulebiT damtkicebuli debuleba `privatizaciis procesSi vaWrobis,
sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da momsaxurebis sferos sawarmoebis
muSakTaTvis obieqtebis pirdapiri miyidvis Sesaxeb~, romelmac
xelmoweridan erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi imoqmeda, ZalaSi aRar iyo da
saqarTvelos prezidents kanonieri ufleba hqonda daedgina privatizebis

12
ganxorcielebis erTiani gegma meurneobis calkeuli dargebisaTvis, maT
Soris vaWrobis, sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebisa da sazogadoebrivi
kvebis sferos obieqtebisaTvis.
16. zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, sasamarTlo miiCnevs, rom
mosarCele mxaris mier warmodgenili mtkicebulebebi ar iZleva suraTs
zogadad saqarTveloSi da konkretulad – mosarCeleTa mimarT
saqarTvelos saxelmwifos meTauris 1994 wlis 29 maisis #178
brZanebulebiT damtkicebuli debulebis `privatizaciis procesSi vaWrobis,
sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da momsaxurebis sferos sawarmoebis
muSakTaTvis obieqtebis pirdapiri miyidvis Sesaxeb~ moqmedebis
Taobaze. swored es brZanebuleba awesrigebda vaWrobis,
sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da momsaxurebis sferos obieqtebis privatizebas,
e.i. maT gadacemas saxelmwifos sakuTrebidan am sawarmoTa
muSakebis sakuTrebaSi da adgenda garkveul saSeRavaTo reJims.
mosarCeleTa warmomadgenlis mier miTiTebuli kanonqvemdebare
normatiuli aqtebi ar aris privatizebis procesis momwesrigebeli aqtebi.
mis mier warmodgenili korespondencia SesaZlebelia asaxavdes
garkveul biurokratiul problemebs, magram mas kavSiri ar aqvs
saqmesTan da masze dayrdnobiT sakonstitucio sasamarTlo ver
gaakeTebs Sesabamis daskvnebs.
17. sakonstitucio sasamarTlo Tvlis, rom saqarTvelos parlamentis
mier aWaris avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze ganlagebuli vaWrobis,
sazogadoebrivi kvebisa da sayofacxovrebo momsaxurebis obieqtebis
TanamSromelTaTvis privatizebis procesSi garkveuli SeRavaTebis
miniWeba 1994 wlis #178 brZanebulebis analogiiT, warmoadgenda am
pirTa mimarT samarTlianobis aRdgenisa da maTi socialuri interesebis
dacvis optimalur, saTanado da aucilebel gzas. `saxelmwifo qonebis
privatizebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis me-12 muxlis me-6 punqtis
miRebisas ar arsebobda kanonmdeblis mier dasaxuli miznis miRwevis
sxva ufro xelsayreli da ukeTesi saSualeba. sadavo normis moqmedebis
masStabebic sworad iyo SeCeuli da Seesabameboda normis mizans.
18. mosarCeleebi miiCneven, rom gasaCivrebuli norma
ewinaaRmdegeba saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxls. mosarCeleTa
moTxovnis safuZvlianobis Sesafaseblad unda moxdes am konstituciuri
normis arsisa da miznis gaanalizeba. konstituciis 31-e muxlis
Sesabamisad, `saxelmwifo zrunavs qveynis mTeli teritoriis Tanabari
socialur-ekonomikuri ganviTarebisaTvis. maRalmTiani regionebis
socialur-ekonomikuri progresis uzrunvelsayofad kanoni adgens
SeRavaTebs.~ konstituciur sarCelSi da sasamarTlos sxdomaze

13
mosarCeleebs sadavod ar gauxdiaT sadavo normis Sesabamisoba
saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxlis meore winadadebasTan. maTi
pretenzia Seexeba gasaCivrebuli normis Sesabamisobas am muxlis
pirvel winadadebasTan.
19. saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxli saqarTvelos konstituciis
meore TavSi (saqarTvelos moqalaqeoba. adamianis ZiriTadi uflebani da
Tavisuflebani) aris moTavsebuli. es upirobod ar niSnavs, rom is icavs
romelime ZiriTad uflebas da masze SeuZlia daafuZnos Tavisi
konstituciursamarTlebrivi pretenzia mosarCelem. saqarTvelos
konstituciis 31-e muxli gamoxatavs erTgvar solidarobas saxelmwifos
mxridan misi Semadgeneli teritoriuli korporaciebis mimarT. am
TvalsazrisiT, urTierTobas ori subieqti hyavs saxelmwifosa da teritoriuli
korporaciis saxiT da am urTierTobaSi fizikuri piris pirdapiri monawileoba
konstituciiT ar moiazreba.
20. garda zemoaRniSnulisa, saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxli
socialuri saxelmwifos principis erTerT gamoxatulebas warmoadgens.
socialuri saxelmwifos mizania samarTliani socialuri wesrigis
damkvidreba, saerTo ekonomikuri wonasworobis SenarCuneba,
mosaxleobis SeZlebisdagvarad Tanabarzomieri uzrunvelyofa, qveynis
masStabiT cxovrebis maqsimalurad Tanabari pirobebis Seqmna. es
miznebi, obieqturi garemoebebis gamo, ar aris srulad miRwevadi da
uwinaresad, warmoadgens mudmiv amocanas da zrunvis sagans
saxelmwifosaTvis. saxelmwifos am mimarTulebiT moqmedebis farTo
areali gaaCnia. subieqturi uflebebi, garkveuli socialuri regulirebis
moTxovna da konkretuli movaleobebi kanonmdeblisaTvis socialuri
saxelmwifos calke aRebuli principidan ar gamomdinareobs. swored
amitom aris 31-e muxlis pirveli winadadeba, romelic mimarTulia qveynis
mTeli mosaxleobisaTvis cxovrebis Tanabari pirobebis Seqmnaze,
naklebad pretenziuli saxelmwifos mimarT. aq saubaria `zrunvaze~
saxelmwifos mxridan da ara `valdebulebaze~, romelic ekisreba
saxelmwifos. Sesabamisad, 31-e muxlis pirveli winadadeba aris
saxelmwifos miznis damdgeni norma, romelic ar aris movaleoba,
magram, amavdroulad, ar aris mxolod deklaraciuli da programuli
danawesi. Sesabamisad, saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxlis pirveli
winadadeba ar adgens ZiriTad uflebas, mis Sinaarssa da farglebs. aq
saubaria saxelmwifos samomavlo moqmedebebze da ara realurad
arsebul, aRiarebul da garantirebul ZiriTad uflebaze.
21. rogorc irkveva, saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e muxli ZiriTad
uflebas ki ar adgens, aramed erTi mxriv saxelmwifo solidarobisa da

14
meore mxriv ki - socialuri saxelmwifos konstituciuri principis
gamoxatulebaa. sadavo normis konstituciursamarTlebrivi Sefaseba
saqarTvelos konstituciis am muxlTan mimarTebiT ver ganxorcieldeba
gancalkevebulad da SesaZlebelia mxolod ZiriTadi uflebebis damdgen
normebTan kavSirSi. es midgoma Seesabameba saqarTvelos
sakonstitucio sasamarTlos praqtikas. saqarTvelos sakonstitucio
sasamarTlos 2007 wlis 26 oqtombris #2/2-389 gadawyvetilebaSi
miTiTebulia, rom sadavo normis konstituciur principebTan
Sesabamisobis dadgena ver moxdeba izolirebulad: `marTalia,
konstituciuri principebi ar ayalibebs ZiriTad uflebebs, magram
gasaCivrebuli normatiuli aqti aseve eqvemdebareba gadamowmebas
konstituciis fuZemdeblur principebTan mimarTebiT, konstituciis calkeul
normebTan kavSirSi da am TvalsazrisiT, msjeloba unda warimarTos
erTian konteqstSi~. sakonstitucio sasamarTlos miaCnia, rom sadavo
norma Seesabameba saqarTvelos konstituciis me-14 muxls da
amdenad, is ar eqvemdebareba Sefasebas saqarTvelos konstituciis 31-e
muxlTan mimarTebiT.

III
zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, ixelmZRvanela ra saqarTvelos
konstituciis 89-e muxlis pirveli punqtis `v~ qvepunqtiTa da me-2
punqtiT, „saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos Sesaxeb“ saqarTvelos
organuli kanonis me-19 muxlis pirveli punqtis `e~ qvepunqtiT, 21-e
muxlis me-2 da me-8 punqtebiT, 23-e muxlis pirveli punqtiT, 25-e muxlis
me-2 da me-3 punqtebiT, 43-e muxlis me-2, me-4, me-7 da me-8
punqtebiT, 45-e muxliT, „sakonstitucio samarTalwarmoebis Sesaxeb“
kanonis me-7 muxlis pirveli da me-2 punqtebiT, 24-e muxlis me-4
punqtiT, 30-e, 31-e, 32-e da 33-e muxlebiT

saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlo adgens:


1. konstituciuri sarCeli #392 (saqarTvelos moqalaqe SoTa beriZe
da sxvebi saqarTvelos parlamentis winaaRmdeg) ar dakmayofildes.
2. gadawyvetileba ZalaSia sakonstitucio sasamarTlos sxdomaze
misi sajarod gamocxadebis momentidan.
3. gadawyvetileba sabolooa da gasaCivrebas an gadasinjvas ar
eqvemdebareba.

15
4. gadawyvetilebis asli gaegzavnos mxareebs, saqarTvelos
uzenaes sasamarTlos, saqarTvelos prezidents da saqarTvelos
mTavrobas.
5. gadawyvetileba gamoqveyndes `saqarTvelos sakanonmdeblo
macneSi~ 15 dRis vadaSi.

kolegiis wevrebi

besik lolaZe

oTar siWinava

joni xecuriani

asli dedanTan sworia

saqarTvelos sakonstitucio
sasamarTlos mdivani qeTevan eremaZe

16