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Correlation and Regression in Excel

1. Enter the following data into Excel (this is real data, from First-Year college students who
rated their roommates at the start and end of the school year)
Conscientiousness
Conscientiousness
time 1 time 2
5 6
5 5
5 5
5 3
2 1
4 2
6 5
5 7
2 1
5 4
2 2
2 1
7 1
5 1
3 5
7 1
5 2
4 4
6 6
4 5
7 2
6 6
6 2
5 3
1 3
6 5

2. Get Excel to draw a scatterplot of this data. (Use the “Insert->Chart” menu). Sketch it
below. Estimate the correlation, regression intercept and regression slope based on this
picture.

3. Calculate the correlation. r = ________


4. Calculate the regression slope and intercept. Write the equation here: Y’ = ____ + ____ X

5. Copy the original data into a new worksheet. Using your regression equation, get a column
of predicted values and a column of residuals. Create a scatterplot, plotting the residuals on
the Y axis and the time 1 scores on the X axis. Sketch it below.

6. Fill in the regression ANOVA table below, based on calculations you do on the predicted
values and residuals:

Source SS df s2 F

Model

Error

Total

7. Copy the original data into a new worksheet. Have Excel do a full regression analysis on it.
Go “Data Analysis-> Regression. Input the X range and Y range. Check off the box that says
“residual plot”. Do the answers match yours above?