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Thay are many ways that can be taken to achieve unity among the Malaysians. Based on my opinions, one of the way of achieving national integration is through sports. It is because, children who play together and eventually will stand together as a nation when they become adults. On the other hand, government policies on national unity is the nature of integration, namely through the adjustment with a variety of cultural and social characteristics that can be accepted by all ethnic groups in our country. Apart from fostering unity among the people, the government also emphasizes the integration of the region, especially between peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Meanwhile, the political power sharing also can create the unity between the Malaysians. Before our country got the independence, the leader of the three main races which are Malay, Chinese and Indian have realized that political compromise and power sharing is essential in the guard and conducted fairly to avoid power misconduct and divisions. The important positions in government, the seats in the election and the candidates contesting must be ensure not only dominated by one ethnic. The other point cold be the the democracy to choosing the government. We must ensure that all citizens are eligible and do not violate state law, can voice their opinions, criticisms, and choose a candidate in the elections freely and fairly. Who would win the election with a majority of votes entitled to be elected representatives can voice their aspirations through established channels such as the Dewan Rakyat or Dewan Negara. To ensure the national integrity can be achieve, we as Malaysians must show some respect and accept the culture and religion of other races. Try to make room for other communities to practice cultural and religious without trying to influence or interfere with each other. The highest incidence of poverty who are still held by the natives. If it is left to other problems such as social jealousy among the natives of other races, they feel themselves oppressed, social problems, increasing crime rates and so forth. To overcome this situation, the allocation of the economic cake must be made in a fair manner and in accordance with the needs of people who are in Malaysia. The weak and the poor should be helped with a variety of ways to improve their economic status.
(Discuss the strategies that the government was and is using to create unity and national integration.)
There are many steps that have been taken by the government before and after the independence. Following the May 13, 1969 ethnic riots, the government has launched a number of social policy, economics and politics about the national unity and integration through the adjustment with a variety of cultural and social characteristics that can be accepted by all ethnic groups in our country.Apart from fostering unity among the people, the government also emphasizes the integration of the region, particularly between peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. The government also have create a principle that can unite all the Malaysians which is known as National Principle (Rukun Negara). National Principles were launched on August 31, 1970 is our national ideology. The national ideology is necessary to create an identity that same spirit and purpose of fostering cooperation among the various ethnic and communities. The five pillars of the principle are as follows, belief in God, loyalty to the king and country, supremacy of the constitution, rule of law and behaviour and morality. The five principles are intended to establish a united Malaysian nation, and a Malaysian society that is equitable, democratic, liberal and progressive. New Economic Policy (NEP) launched in 1971 by the Rancangan Malaysia Kedua (1971 1975), is aimed at creating an economic balance between race and region to achieve national unity. In other words, the NEP was aimed at fostering national unity through the distribution of income and economic opportunities among all Malaysians.The NEP was implemented through a two-pronged strategy, namely eradication of poverty irrespective of race, and restructuring of society so that ethnic identification with economic function can be eliminated. The other steps is by creating The National Education Policy. National Education Policy enshrined in the Education Act 1961 is based on reports Razak Rahman Talib Report 1956 and 1960. Among other goals of the National Education Association is to create a united Malaysian society. Among the steps taken to meet the goals of the National Education Association in fostering national unity and integration such as using Malay language as a medium of instruction in schools and institutions of higher learning, provide a uniform
curriculum content for all schools in Malaysia and carrying out extra-curricular activities (sports).
Formation of a national culture to promote unity through a lifestyle and values agreed upon and embraced by all races. National culture can also create a national identity that can be recognized by foreign countries. Therefore, the government has been emphasizing the gradual formation of a national culture that encompasses elements both from various cultures in our country based on local indigenous culture.Three principles have been designated as a
National Cultural Policy which are, the national culture should be based on the original culture of the people of this region, other cultural elements that fit and be accepted as elements of national culture, and Islam is essential in the formation of national culture.
National language. Language plays an important role in the process of fostering unity among the races. Thus, the government has made Malay as the national language of our country. National Language Act 1967 has been allocated the Malay language as the official language. Starting in 1970, the discussion between the leaders has gradually replaced English as the medium of instruction in schools. Governments also undertook a campaign to promote the use of Malay with the launch of µGerakan Cintailah Bahasa Kebangsaan¶. The merging of the political parties in Barisan Nasional (BN) also is one of the steps taken. Political cooperation and understanding is crucial to ensuring stability and national unity. In 1953, the party alliance has been formed and has succeeded in establishing the government in Malaya in 1955. Political cooperation through a consensus within the Alliance expanded with the establishment of the National Front in 1971. With the establishment of the National Front, has completed the representatives of various ethnic and interest in the ruling party. The 1Malaysia introduced by Dato¶ Seri Najib Razak also is a good step to make national integration. The principles of 1Malaysia Foundation encourage public discussion and participation in critical social development, public issues and programmes. Essentially, 1Malaysia Foundation takes every step possible to help achieve a truly united Malaysian Nation.
Malaysian Studies Foundation Program (Semester 2, 2010)
Name: Syazrul Ikhwan Bin Zainol
Student ID: 7E0B8184
Course: Foundation of Engineering And Science
Tutor: Mdm.Valerie Anak Velina Nagreg
Date Of Submission: 5th November 2010
Reference Lists: Yusoff, Y. 2010. Let¶s Set Aside Our Differences To Achieve Unity.
http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/opinion/article/lets-set-aside-our-differences-to-achieveunity/ (accessed October 31, 2010).
Lee, L. 2010. Helping To Achieve a United Nation.
http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/4/19/focus/60 73352&sec=focus (accessed November 2,2010). Roslan, A.R. 2010. Dasar Ekonomi Baru Dan Implikasi Terhadap Hubungan Etnik Di Malaysia. eds. Ajim. http://www.alahkam.net/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5325:dasar-ekonomi-baru-danimplikasi-terhadap-hubungan-etnik-di-malaysia&catid=69:artikel&directory=56 (accessed November 2,2010). Mafer. 2010. Langkah-langkah Mencapai Perpaduan. http://vrlearners.blogspot.com/2008/01/langkah-langkah-mencapai-perpaduan.html (accessed November 4, 2010).
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