You are on page 1of 142

c

c c
c

 
cc c c

c c c c c c c


c cc c c c c

c cccc


c c  c c

cc c c c c c c


 cc c cc c !c c" c #c

" cc

$  %c
Adjective Clausesc&'(cc Negative Formsc&)(cc
Adjectivesc&)*(cc Noun Clausesc&,(cc
Adverb Clausesc&+(cc Nounsc&/(cc
Adverbsc&))(cc Passivec&/(cc
Articlesc&),(cc Phrasal Verbsc&,(cc
Casec&)(cc Possessive Formsc&)(cc
Comparatives and SuperlativescPrepositionsc&+(cc
&-(cc Pronounsc&'(cc
Conditionalc&.(cc Subject Verb Agreementc
Conjunctionsc&-(cc &))(cc
Gerunds and Infinitivesc&/(cc Subjunctivec&/(cc
Interjectionsc&,(cc Tag Questionsc&/(cc
Irregular Verbsc&+(cc Verb Tensesc&,*(cc
Modal Verbsc&)/(cc Verbsc&0(cc
c

Adjective Clauses

$  %c
‘ ercisesc&-(cc

1 %cc
Rc !c$ cc2 c c c c c c c c
#cc c&!%c-",**3c%c.*,'/(c4 c5cc

!c6c!c6c1 c7c
c  #cc c
  c ccc c c c c cc!c
 c ccc  c
cc   cc5c c c  c

 c#cc c c c cc   c c cc ccc

Adverbs

' 48c
9 c:c;c

c c  c c cc c # c c   cc

<" c)c
!c ccc c
cc


%c

Rc = c#  cáuicklyc # cc c


Rc " c csilentlyc# c c
 cc c cc

<" c,c
!c ccc c
c c


%c

Rc c# cc# cimpressivelyc c


Rc c c# coutrageouslycc

<" c/c
!c ccc c
c c c


%c

Rc "c ce tremelyc c


Rc c c cincrediblyc c
Adjectives

' 48c
c c
cc ccc  c   c  c  c  c c

c c !  c   c  > c   c c  c c c
c

<" c)c
!c ccc c
c c


%c

Rc =  cc cbigc c


Rc " c#cbeautifulc 
c

<" c,c
!c c  #c cc&c #(c


%c

Rc 8 cctallc
Rc "  c
cmadc

Linking Verbs

15"c
Rc c

àc  c  c àc  c c


àc  cc àc  c
c
àc  c
c àc  c
c
àc  cc àc  c
c
àc  cc àc  c c
àc  c c àc  c c
àc  c #c àc  c c
àc  c c àc  ccc

<" c
c cc  c c c  #cc c c c c5cc
  cc cccc ccc c ccc
"cc
c #c c ccc


%c

Rc 8 cseemed sadc= c


Rc 8 cseemed sadlyc = c
Rc c ctastes goodc= c
Rc c ctastes wellc = c
Rc c cis slowc= c
Rc c cis slowlyc = c
Rc =
cgrew tiredc= c
Rc "  cremained calmc= c
Rc c
 cwent badc= c
Rc c cturned roughc= c
Rc c   cproved pointlessc= c

58? 4!@c
ccccc  c c c # cc c cc$
 cc
c
 #c


%c

Rc " cgrew angryc


ë ë 
  

 ëë
 
  

  

ë   ëc
Rc c cgrew áuicklyc
ë
 ë 
 
 
 


 


 ëë
 
  

 c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"%c


Rc !c6c!c6c1 c7c c)c

c=  c c  cc cc


c cc
cc cc
 cc #cc c c  c c#cc c
c
,c8 c ccc"c #cc
c# c c
cBc# c cc c
c
/c" ccc  c c c c"c c c c cc
 #cccc c
c
-cc c
c# c
ccc c cc  c c8
c

c
c  c c
c
+cc c
  cc  c7c#c c
cc c
c
 c c
c
3cc Bc   c c  >  cc  c5c ccc
c cc cc5c
c c c c
c
cc c Bcc
c
  c

 c
c
0cc ccc #c c
 cc cc 
c# c
 c cc c
c
'cc c
cc cc
c
c#cc c
cc"c!ccc cc cccc c
# c ccBc# 
c cc
c
.c! c c c c
cc cccc c
cccc2 Bc
cc c
c
)*c!cc
 c  c# c c #c c ccc
cc c c c5c c cc
c ccc ccc
c
))cCc  c cc2 Bc  Dcc
c
c# #c
ccc c
cCc c >c c#c c
 c c
c  cc c 
c cc# c c c
c
),c@ c#c 
cc c c 
c c#  c5c
cc
 ccc c c   c
c
)/cc
 c c#c ccc c8c'  cc ccc

 #c
 c c
cc 
c   c
c
)-c8c >c   cE)******c cc #c Bc  cc
Ccc
cc#cc c cc #
cc c#cc
 c c  c
c
)+c
cc  #c ccc c
c1 c"  c#cc cc c
 cc
c cc c c cc c c

c=  c cconfidentlyc cc cc


c cc
cc cc
 cc #cc c cgoodc c c#cc c
c
,c8 cáuicklyc ccc"c #cc
c# cimportantc ccBc
# c cc c
c
/c" ccc  c c c c"c c cfluentlyc cc  #c
cccwellc
c
-cchotc
c# c
ccc c cc  c c8
c
c

cuncomfortablec c c


c
+cc c
  cce tremelyc c7c#c c
cc cc
prestigiousc
 c c
c
3cc Bccompletec  c c  >  cc  c5c cccpatientc
c cc cc5c
c c c c
c
cc c Bcc
c  c


 c
c
0cc cccamazinglyc#c c
 cc cc 
c# c
spectacularc c cc c
c
'cc c
ccdarkc cc
c
c#cc c cc
"c!ccc cc cccc csilentlyc# c cc
Bc# 
c cc
c
.c! c c csoftlyc c
cctimidcccc cccc
c2 Bc
cc c
c
)*c!cc
 c  c# ctragicallycc #c c cccáuicklyc
cc c c c5c c cc
c ccc ccc
c
))cCcgraduallyc c cc2 Bc  Dcc
cáuietc c
# #c
ccc c
cCc c >c c#c c c c
c
 cc c 
c cc# c c c
c
),c@ c#ctiredc
cc c c 
c c#  c5c
ccobviousc c
cc c c   c
c
)/cc
 c c#cáuicklycccc c8c'  cc ccc

 #c
 c c
ccdeliciouslyc
c   c
c
)-c8c >cgenerouslyc  cE)******c cc #c Bc  cc
Ccc
cc#cc c cc #
cc c#cc
increasingc c c  c
c
)+c
ccwellc  #c ccc c
c1 c"  c#cc cc c
 cc
c cc c c cc c c
uncontrollablyc

Rc !c$ c c!c? cc!c c c c


 c c c c#c   c c

c
c c c#cc&!%c)'= ,**-c%c3+/0+(c4 c
5cc

Rc 2c6c@ c!c$ cc1 c  c c


  cc c c& c (c c
c c&c (c&!%c,!,**/c%c-//-.(c4 c5cc

Rc <c$ c c@ c!c c!cc2 c c c


 c c c c c c&!%c/!,**,c%c
/''0)(c4 c5cc

4 c$  %c


Rc ?  c

C cC
cC cc
c  #cc c
  c ccc c #  c #
 c c #  c5c c
 c  #c #c ccc# c c c cc   c c cc c
cc

Subjects, Objects and Possessive Forms

 c c #c cc #  c #


 c c #  c cc c c cc
c#cc c c c 
c

"c c c  %c

Rc
ec c
c
Rc Shec c c c
Rc ]ec c$c c

cc c  %c


Rc c c chimc
Rc 
c  #cherc
Rc c  c
c cusc

? c 
cccc c
c c %c

Rc
isc cc c
Rc 5c cherc#c c
Rc c c courc
#  c

"]ho" is a Subject Pronoun

C cc cc  c c  c  c c # ccc


c  cCcc
# c c  c#c c c c  c c#c cc c c# c


%c

Rc ]hoc
cc c Fc
Rc ]hocccc Fc
Rc ]hocc c c ccFc

"]hom" is an Object Pronoun

C
cc c c  c c 
 c  c c  cCcc #
c c  c#c
 cc c  c


%c

Rc ]homc c c c cFc


Rc ]homccc
c cc Fc
Rc ]homcccc c cc Fc

"]hose" is a Possessive Pronoun

C  cc c c  c c  c  c c  cCcc #  c cc c
#c c
c c c


%c

Rc ]hosec
 ccFc
Rc ]hosec cc  c Fc
Rc ]hosecc c cFc
"]ho," "]hom" and "]hose" in Indirect Questions

cc #c  c c


c c cc %c

Rc 5c Bc  #cwhom he invitedcc

"cc c c#c c cc %c 5c


c c c c c Bc
 # c c Cc Bc  c=c ccc c ccc c c cc
c c#cc#c cc #  c #
c c #  c! c c
ccc cc cc c c c 
c


%c

Rc c Bc  #cwhocc c cc


 cc  

 
c
Rc 5c Bc cwhomc cc  

 
c
Rc "cBccwhosec c ccëë
  c

"]ho," "]hom" and "]hose" in Adjective Clauses

cc #c  c c


c c c c %c

Rc 5c  #cc
cwho won the contestcc

!c c cc cc c ccc


cc5cc
c
 cc c ccc  c c
 c=c cc
cc c
 c cc c c#cc#c cc #  c #
c c #  c
! c ccc c cc cc c c c 
c


%c

Rc Cc #cc cwhoc ccc


c    
 c

Rc ccc
cwhomc#c#c c# c    
 c

Rc "c #cc
cwhosec c#c cëë
 c

"]hom" Less Common

c 
c #
cc
cc cc

cc c8 c c c


 c c #
c c  c c cccc  c

cc
c<c" c  c#c
c#c  c
c cc c
c # c cc c  c c
c c c cc
c #c
 cc  c


%c

Rc ]hocc c
c cc c#Fc
Rc 5c Bc  #cwhocc cc c c
Rc  ccc#
cwhoc5c# c  c c
Rc ]hocc cc c
Fc
Rc 2 c c c c cwhocc cc c Fc
Rc  ccc cwhoc5c cc 
 c
c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"%c


Rc C cC
cC c c)c
)c]
Oc# cc Fc
c
,c]
OMc c c c c

Fc
c
/c]
OS‘c  cc cc Fc
c
-c5c Bc c ccccc c]
OMcc c  c c Fc
c
+cCc c# c c c cc c]
Oc# c c c#cFc
c
3c5c# Bc
Gc5c c c c]
Occc c c
c
0c]
OS‘c cc  ccc  c  c Fc5c
 c Bc
ccBc
 c cc #c
c
'cc c c cc cc cc]
OS‘c #cc  c cc 
c
c
c
.c2 c c

c]
Occc! 
c!# c cc c c FcC cc
@ cH
Fc
c
)*c8 c Bc

cc
c ccc]
OS‘cc ccc
E)*****c>c
c
))c5c  #c c]
OMc5B
c c c ccc
c c
c
),c Bcc  c]
Occ)*c cc#cc?
cc$ c! c
c
)/c"Bcc c]
OMcc ccccc   c#c c
c
)-c$ c c cc
cc
c cc c]
Occ  >cc!52"c c
Fc
c
)+cc   c  ccc
cc  c c2 c' c]
OS‘cc c
c 
 c cc cc c
c
 c  c

! c6c c6c c


c  #cc c
  c ccc cc# c   c  c c  c!c
 c ccc  c
cc   cc5c c  c  #c
 #c ccc# c c c cc   c c cc ccc

Also

<" c
! cccc cc c c c c c


%c

Rc = c c'c"
calsoc c'c
Rc 5c c   c5calsoc c>> c
Rc '  c c
c#cc@ c calsoc
c#cc

?1!$ 8 @c
! c
c c  c c


%c

Rc 5c
calsoc$   c
Rc 5c# calsocc

Ccc c c  c c  c


c ccc 
c


%c

Rc 5calsocc
Rc calsoccc

5ccc#c
c c  c
c ccc c c cc c


%c

Rc 5c calsocc c cH c


Rc 5c
calsocc 
c
"
 cc
 cc c c  #cc c cc  c
c c

 cc


%c

Rc 5c calsoc c'c


Rc 5c calsoccc

Too

<" c
 cccc cc c c c c c5c cc
c

 c c   ccc 
c#ccccc


%c

Rc = c c'c"
c c'ctooc
Rc 5c c   c5c c>> ctooc
Rc '  c c
c#cc@ c c
c#cctooc

?1!$ 8 @c
 c c
c ccc c c c


%c

Rc 5c
c$   ctooc
Rc 5c c c'ctooc
Rc 5c
cc 
ctooc
Rc 5cc# c c ctoocc c
cc c'%**c

58? 4!@c
! c  cc c c ccc c c cc c

ccc#c


c ccc ccccc c c cc 


cc


%c

Rc 8c= c# cc  c8c=   ctooc cc# c c


Rc 2  cc#  c c c  c cc 
c5ctooc
cc cc c# c c c
c c
‘ither

<" c
 cccc cc c c c c c


%c

Rc = c Bc c'c"


c Bc c'ceitherc
Rc 5c Bc c   c5c Bc c>> ceitherc
Rc '  c  c
c#cc@ c  c
c#cceitherc

?1!$ 8 @c
 c c
c ccc c c c


%c

Rc 5c  c c'ceitherc


Rc 5c
c cc 
ceitherc
Rc 5c Bc# c c ceitherc
Rc 5cBc cc
ceitherc

Confusing Sentences

"

ccccc c cc c cc c


%c

Rc c# c# Bcc  c5calsoc# c c c


c cc
c c
 Bc#c5cBc c cc c
Rc c c# Bcc c5cc c# c cc  c #ctooc Bc#c5c
 cc

"

ccccc c cc c cc c


%c

Rc = cc c c"cc c c c ceitherc5c Bc cc# c


c c c
   c c
Rc cc >cc Bcceitherc Bc#cc Bc c#cc cc

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"%c


Rc ! c6c c6c c c)c
)cccc cc c#

cc # c c c=  c

 c c#
c cccc c c#c c cc Bc c c
# c
c
,c5c
c c c c c c c cc c c # #c"  cccc c

cCc c cc


c

/c5c Bc c c


 c8c c Bc c
c c
c

-c'  cBc cc  c cc  


cc  cc   c# c c
 c ccc c c c c c c cc
c
+c8c c Bc c c# c c'Gcc Bc c c   cc

c" c5c cccc ccc  c cc cc


c
3ccc
c cc  c cc c c cc
 c c c5c

c c >cc c# c c  c c cc


c

0c"  c# c c


c c c Bc#  c cc# Bcc c c
c c
 c#cc c cc c c ccc c
c
c

'c2 c ccc c#  cc?  c c cc cc c c


 cc cc? ccc
c cc c? cc#cc
c

.c"
c c c c c c
c cc cc c c
 c c c5c c#c
 cc
ccc c cc
c
)*c"  c >cc c cc
>>c
c
cc
 c cc# c

 c c cc  c2 c cc


 cc# c
c c ccc c
c
))c=%c c# cc
cc
c5c cccc5c c cGc

$%c5c# c cGc5c  cc# c c#c


Gc
c
),c=%c c# cc
cc
c5c cccc5c c cGc

$%c8c Gc
c
)/c5c
c cc c5c Bcc c c c c c1Bcc c
c
 c
c

)-c5c Bc cc c c c c c5c


c  cc1Bcc c

c c
c

)+c=
cc c
>c c cc c c # c c

)cccc cc c#

cc # c c c=  calsoc


 c c#
c cccc c c#c c cc Bc c c# c
c
,c5c
c c c c c c c cc c c # #c"  cccc ctooc
Cc c cc
c
/c5c Bc c c
 c8c c Bc c
ceitherc
c
-c'  cBc cc  c cc  
ccalsoc cc   c# c c
 c ccc c c c c c c cc
c
+c8c c Bc c c# c c'Gcc Bc c c   cc
eitherc" c5c cccc ccc  c cc cc
c
3ccc
c cc  c cc c c cc
 c c c5ctooc
 c >cc c# c c  c c cc
c
0c"  c# c c
c c c Bc#  c cc# Bcc c c
ceitherc c#c
c c cc c c ccc c
c
c
'c2 c ccc c#  cc?  c c cc cc calsocc c
c cc? ccc
c cc c? cc#cc
c
.c"
c c c c c c
c cc cc c c
 ctooc c5c c#c c
c
ccc c cc
c
)*c"  c >cc c cc
>>c
c
cc
 c cc# c
 c c cc  c2 ctoocc
 cc# c
c c ccc c
c
))c=%c c# cc
cc
c5c cccc5c c cGc
$%c5c# c cGc5calsoc cc# c c#c
Gc
c
),c=%c c# cc
cc
c5c cccc5c c cGc
$%c8ctooGc
c
)/c5c
c cc c5c Bcc c c c ceitherc1Bcc c
c c
c
)-c5c Bc cc c c c c c5c
calsoc cc1Bcc c
c
 c
c
)+c=
cc c
>c c cc c c # ctooc

)c5c cc c3%**c


'c  c cc c3%**c
c
,c5c cccc c
c c c c

"c c c
c c c c
c
/c5c# c cc c

c cc c


c
-c5c cc#c

c #c
c
+c5c#c cc c cc

"c  c cc


c
3c5c#c ccc@#cI  c c
c c c
ccc
c5c c

"c c@#cI  c c
c c c
ccc
cc c
c
0c5c
c
c#c c

2 c #c c


c
'c5c
c c ccc c c

8  c c c c


c
.c5c#cc# c c2 c#ccc cc c

"
c  c2 c#ccc cc c
c
)*c5c# cc c c c.c B  ccc
c


c c.c B  ccc
c
c
c  #cc c
  c cc  cc cc# c  c!c c c
cc  c
cc   cc5c c  c  #c #c cc
 c c c cc   c c cc cccc

<" c
Cc c c 
cc
cc 
cc c  #c#c c
c
  c  cc# c  c c  cc c
c cc
cc


%c

Rc c cccevenc cc #c#cGc


Rc = c c
 c cc Bc

c c  cc cc Bcevenc


cc #c
Gc
Rc c c
c cc cevenc
c?c cc<c" Gc
Rc 5c c c  c c5c c c cc ccevencc c#c c c cc

‘ven Though / ‘ven ]hen / ‘ven If

<" c
 c cc
c#cc# c   c # c c  c5c
 >c c c
ccc"cc  #c
c c   c c c #cc
 cc


%c

Rc ‘ven thoughc ccc ccc cc'cc


   
     
 c
Rc ‘ven whenc ccc ccc cc'cc
  
 
  

   
  




 c

Rc ‘ven ifc ccc ccc cc'cc


 
    
 
 


 

 c

Rc =ccc c‘ven thoughc c ccc# cccc c




  


 

 c
Rc =ccc c‘ven whenc c ccc# cccc c




  


 

 c
Rc =ccc c‘ven ifc c ccc# cccc c
 



  
 
 
   



 

 c
58? 4!@c
c c c c # c  Dcc c ccc#c
c c %c

Rc c  ccc#c


cc # c c c c cc
 c
Rc c# ccc#c
cc    c c
Rc c ccc#c
cc c c cc
c


%c

Rc ‘ven thoughcc#c#cc c$c cc c= c





  c
Rc ‘ven whencc#c#cc c$c cc c = c

 

    



 
 
  

ëë


  c
Rc ‘ven ifcc#c#cc c$c cc c= c
    
 

 
 
 



 
     c

Rc ‘ven thoughcc#cc c   cc# Bc c c


c c c cc
c = c

     
  c

Rc ‘ven whencc#cc c   cc# Bc c c


c c c cc
c = c

   

   c

Rc ‘ven ifcc#cc c   cc# Bc c c


c c c ccc
= c

    
 

 

   
  

   
   
  c

4 8 8 4c
c
 c c c ccccc
  c#cc#c c
c c  c c# c c c c

‘ven So

<" c
c ccc
c cc# c  c c  # c c cccc ccc
c#cc ccc


%c

Rc "cc c cc‘ven soc5c cc



  
 

  

 c
Rc ccc
c c c c‘ven soc=
c
 c c cc cc c
c
c


  
     
  c

Rc = c# c c c c c cc1 c!c‘ven socc ccc cc


<c" c# c c

 


  
 c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"%c


Rc c c)c
5c Bc cc# c cc# c  c cc cc# 
c cc
 #c

 cc#c c cc# cBc c


 Dc c cc c
#c c c
c

,cc c c#
c c c c c
c c c"c c c cc c
cc  Gc
c

/c cc c
cc  cc cc c
c cc
c# c# cc c c#c c cc cc Bc  c c c c
 
c
c

-c= cc
c c c c c5c cc#cccc c
c c c cc# c c   c
c
c

+c"
 ccc cc c c

ccc cc c
cc
c

3c8c c ccc c


Gc
c

0c'cc c c


c 

c c Bc c ccc#c


c c cccc c#c cc
c

'c c# cc


c c  c
c c
c  c c
cc c  c
c
.cc c cccc c cc  c  c
ccc

 c 
cc
c

)*cc
c# c c cc c# cc c c5c cc
 cc# cc c5cc c c c
c

))c c cc# c


c#c#cc c5c c cccc
c# c  c cc cc# c c
c
),c5c # cc
cc cc ccc c c c#c c c

c cc c c cc c


c

)/c  cc
c c c ccc c c
c

)-c5c  #ccc# ccc


c c5c cc c
c
c c c c5c cc c#c c c
c

)+c c c  c cc 


c c cc c c cc
!  c
c

)3c5c c  c cc c#c # cc8

c 5c# cc


ccc
c ccc ccc
c

)0c1  cc cc 


c c c c c cc# ccc

 c c c c c c


c
)'c"
c cc c c c c c
c c cc

c
c c c c
c
c
).cc c c c c c c c  >c c cc#c c c c

c c cBc c c


c c c8   c c c
c3+c
c

,*c8c#  c c cc c c



c5cc
cc c 5cc

c c5cc c cc
c c
c c c#  c
 c

)c5c Bc cc# c cc# c  c cc cc# 


c cc

 #c cc#c c cc# cBc c
 Dc‘V‘N IFcc cc c
#c c c
c
,cc c c#
c c c c c
c c c"c c‘V‘Ncc cc ccc
 Gc
c

cJ
/c cc c
cc  cc cc c
c cc
c# c# cc c c#c c cc cc Bc  c c c c
 
c
c
-c= cc
c c c c‘V‘N SOc5c cc#cccc cc c
 c cc# c c   c
c
c
+c
 ccc cc‘V‘N ]
‘Nc c c

ccc cc c
cc
c
3c8c c ccc‘V‘Ncc
Gc
c
0c'cc c c
c 

c‘V‘N IFcc Bc c ccc#cc c


 cccc c#c cc
c
'c‘V‘N T
OUG
cc# cc
c c  c
c c
c  c c
cc c  c
c
.cc c cccc c cc  c  c
ccc‘V‘Nc
 c 
cc
c
)*cc
c# c c cc c# cc c‘V‘N SOc5c cc cc
# cc c5cc c c c
c

c5'
))c c cc# c
c#c#cc c5c c cccc
c# c  c cc cc# c c
c
),c5c # cc
cc cc ccc c c c#c c c‘V‘N IFcc
cc c c cc c
c
)/c‘V‘N IFc cc
c c c ccc c c
c
)-c5c  #ccc# ccc
c‘V‘N SOc5c cc cc
c
 c c c5c cc c#c c c
c
)+c c c  c cc 
c c cc c‘V‘Ncc cc!  c
c
)3c5c c  c cc c#c # cc8

c‘V‘N T
OUG
c5c# cc
ccc
c ccc ccc
c
)0c1  cc cc 
c c‘V‘N ]
‘Ncc c c cc# ccc

 c c c c c c


c
)'c"
c cc c c c c c
c c cc‘V‘N
SOc
c c c c
c
c
).cc c c c c c c c  >c c cc#c c c c
c c cBc‘V‘Nc c c
c c c8   c c c c3+c
c
,*c8c#  c c cc c c

c5cc
cc c‘V‘N T
OUG
c5c
c
c c5cc c cc
c c
c c c#  c
 c

1c6c8 c6c c6cc


c  #cc c
  c ccc cc  cc  c
 c   c
c  c!c c ccc  c
cc   cc5c c
 c  #c #c cccc c c cc   c c cc c
ccc

Let

' 48c
9c:c c:c;cc

<" c
c  c
 c  c  #c
 c c c
 c


%c

Rc = clet me drivecc#c c


Rc Cc c clet you goc cc Fc
Rc 5c Bc  #cc
c c#clet me takecc c c

Make

' 48c
9
c:c c:c;c

<" c
c  c
 c  c c
 c c c
 c

%c

Rc 8c cmade me apologizec c# c5c c c


Rc 2c
 cmake you wearc cc Fc
Rc "cmade her children docc
#  c

ave

' 48c
9 c:c c:c;c

<" c
c  c
 c  cc
 cc c c c
 c


%c

Rc 2c"
chad his nurse takecc Bc
 c
Rc ? chave your secretary fa c
cc 
 c
Rc 5chad the mechanic checkcc c

Get

' 48c
9c:c c:c c:c;c

<" c
c  c c
 c  c c c c
 c c  c c
 c c
 c
 c


%c

Rc "cgot her son to takecc


cc cc cc
Rc  #c c cget their children to readc
Fc
Rc c 
c7c

 c cc cget people to stopc


c

cc c
"

c c
 c c c
 cc  c#c  c
 c c

 ccc c c c
 c cc
cc

%c

Rc 5cgot the mechanic to checkc


c c

  



    
 
 
  
  c

Rc 5chad the mechanic checkc


c c

   
     c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"%c


Rc 1c6c8 c6c c6cc c)cc

)c"
c c# c c ccc c# Bc 
c c cc
c

,c5c Bccc  c c cc   cc  c ccCc c c c


c cccc
c#c c cc c
c

/c5c Bc  #c #c c c cc c ccc


c5c Bc
c
c c ccc
cc
ccc cc
c

-c?  cIc  c ccc#c c cccc ccc


c

+c?  cIc ccc c  c#cc#c ccc


c

3c2Bc c cc  c c c c c cc c 
c c c
cc#c  c c1 c 
c
c

0c" c
c c c
c c c5c#c cc c"c cc# c c
cc c c
c

'c4 c"
cc c c c cc c c5c c c c c
c cc c# c
c

.c2 c c cc c# c c


c cc# Bc cc# c7c
c

)*c8c1c c c c8c=   c c 


cc
c c c
c

))c8 c
ccc#c 8Cc5c Bcc #c cc ccc
c
),c #cc c c  c c
c c c Fc5c Bc c c c  c  c
 c c c Bc cc c
c

)/c8c c
cc
c c cccc c ccc cc#c
c Bc c cc
Gc
c

)-c

cBc# c c c cc Bc c ccc



c 
c c
c

)+c5c Bccc> c c  ccc c c# c c Gc


c
)3cc  c# cc c cc# c c cc# cc  c c

 c5c c   c cc#  c c


c c
ccc# cc
 c
 c
c

)0c$cBc# c c# cc c c#c cc


c  cc c c c
# cc cc
c

)'c5c c  c
cc5Bc  c cc #c c5c
cc c
c

).c2c=   c cc
 cc Bc  c c
c
,*cc#c  c ccc   c# cc
cc#c#ccc

 c# c cc
ccc c  cc

" c6c"c
c  #cc c
  c ccc c  c c  c!c c ccc
  c
cc   cc5c c  c  #c #c cc  c c
 c c c cc   c c cc ccc

So + Adjective

<" c
" c cc
c#c c c #c
cc 
cc ccc

 c


%c
Rc c
ccso loudGc5c#cc# ccc #c
Rc c
 c# cso goodGc5c# c# cc
c

<" c#c   c
c  c 
c cc
c#c   c c #c
c#c c c c
cc   cc c   c


%c

Rc c
ccso loud thatc5c Bcc
Rc c
ccso loudc5c Bcc
Rc c
 c# cso good thatc#cc c cc cc
c  c  c
 c
Rc c
 c# cso goodc#cc c cc cc
c  c  c
 c

So + Adverb

<" c
" c cc
c#c c c #c
c  cc 
cc ccc

 c


%c

Rc "c cso áuicklyGc"c c c c  c


Rc c cso wellGc5c
cccc c c
c c
c c

<" c#c   c
c  c 
c cc
c#c   c c #c
c  c#c c c
 ccc   cc c   c


%c

Rc "c cso áuickly thatc5c Bc cc


Rc "c cso áuicklyc5c Bc cc
Rc c cso well thatcc c
c c  c c c c cc? c
Rc c cso wellcc c
c c  c c c c cc? c

So + Many / Few + Plural Noun

<" c
" c cc
c#c
 c c # cc c c c c #c
cc

cc 
cc ccc
 c


%c

Rc 5cc #c c cso many brothersGc


Rc "c cso few friendsGc5Bc cc c

<" c#c   c
c  c 
c cc
c#c   c c #c
cc
c#c c c
 ccc   cc c   c


%c

Rc 5cc #c c cso many brothers thatc c c c c c
c
Rc 5cc #c c cso many brothersc c c c c c
c
Rc "c cso few friends thatcc cc c cc c
Rc "c cso few friendscc cc c cc c

So + Much / Little + Non-countable Noun

<" c
" c cc
c#c
 c c  cc c   c c c #c

cc
cc 
cc ccc
 c


%c

Rc = c cso much moneyGc!ccc c c ccc


Rc c cso little foodGcCcc c c
c cc
c

<" c#c   c
c  c 
c cc
c#c   c c #c
cc
c#c c c
 ccc   cc c   c


%c

Rc = c cso much money thatcc c c cc c# c c  cc# c
Rc = c cso much moneycc c c cc c# c c  cc# c
Rc c cso little food thatcc c c c c
Rc c cso little foodcc c c c c
So + Much / Little / Often / Rarely

<" c
" c cc
c#c# c c
 c  c  c c   c cc #c

c c #c c


 c c c  cc 
cc ccc
 c


%c

Rc c cso muchGc5Bc c c cc c


Rc 8ccccso rarelyGc5c c
cc

<" c#c   c
c  c 
c cc
c#c   c c #ccc c
c  cc
  cc c   c


%c

Rc c cso much thatccc c cc#cc#  c


Rc c cso muchccc c cc#cc#  c
Rc 8ccccso rarely thatc
c c# Bcc >cc
Rc 8ccccso rarelyc
c c# Bcc >cc

Such + Adjective + Noun

<" c
" c cc
c#c c c c c c c #c
cc 
cc
ccc
 c


%c

Rc 2 c csuch a big houseGc5c cBc cc c


Rc "c csuch beautiful eyesGc5c ccc c c cc c

<" c#c   c
c  c 
c cc
c#c   c c #c
c#c c c c
cc   cc c   c


%c

Rc 2 c csuch a big house thatc5c  c c c cc# c cc 
c
Rc 2 c csuch a big housec5c  c c c cc# c cc 
c
Rc "c csuch beautiful eyes thatcc c c c c c
c
c
Rc "c csuch beautiful eyescc c c c c c
c
c

@  c
4

c c# cc c cc cc   c


%c

Rc c cc c
Rc  c c c

Such + Judgemental Noun

<" c
" c c  cc
c#c
 c c c
 cc 
cc c
cc
 c


%c

Rc ccsuch an idiotGcc cccc


Rc "ccsuch a geniusGcCc cc cc#  c# cc

<" c#c   c
c  c 
c cc
c#c   c c #c ccc   cc
 c   c


%c

Rc ccsuch an idiot thatc  c# cc


c
Rc ccsuch an idiotc  c# cc
c
Rc "ccsuch a genius thatcc

 c cc c  c ccc


Rc "ccsuch a geniuscc

 c cc c  c ccc

Such + Noun (This type of...)

<" c
" c c  c
 c cc  c c  cc  c


%c
Rc c   c cccsuch writingc cc cc c

 

 c

Rc "c c Bccsuch criticismc



 
 


 c

Rc '  c cc
csuch mistakesc c


 cc

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"%c


Rc " c6c"c c)cc

)c"cc Gc"c # c


c
c c
c

,c"  c c c c  >c Gc5cc  #c# cc c c c cc
c

/c=
c c
c
c cc c  cc c' c
c

-c! c
c cc c ccc c c
cc  c
 cc 
c cc
c c  c c
c

+cc
c# c  c c5c #ccc
c
c

3cc c c c c5c cc# c!


 c
c

0c8 cccc  cc cc5c ccc


  c c c c
c c cc
 c
c

'c=c ccc c


 cc cc#c  c
c

.c'cc c #Gccc # cc c c


c c c
c

)*cc# c cccc  c c
  
c cc
c# c c

ccc
cc c c
c

))c #c c c c  cc c


Fc
c

),ccc c Gcc Bc c ccccc c#  cc


c
)/c c#c cc  c cccc cc#c c# c cc c
c

)-c8  cc c c c ccc#cc #c c c


cc
c

)+c5c Bc  #cc cc c c c8 c#c cc


cc
c

)3c"c c
c c ccc# c c c c
c c
c

)0c c c c


c c c c c
c c#c cc c
c
)'c5c c c cE)-*c c c c
c#c" c c5c Bc  #c#c
c  c c c

 c c c cc c


c

).c? c Bcc  Gc5B


cc#Bc c c c c c
c

,*c5c c#c c# Bc


c
Gc5Bc c c c

)c"ccsocGc"c # c
c
c c
c
,c"  c c c csuchc >c Gc5cc  #c# cc c c c cc
c
/c=
c csoc
c
c cc c  cc c' c
c
-c! c
c cc c ccc c csuchc
cc  c
 cc 
c cc
c c  c c
c
+cc
c# csoc c c5c #ccc
c
c
3cc c csocc c5c cc# c!
 c
c
0c8 ccccsuchc cc cc5c ccc
  c c c c
c c cc
 c
c
'c=c cccsuchcc
 cc cc#c  c
c
.c'ccsuchc c #Gccc # cc c c
c c c
c
)*cc# csoccccc  c c
  
c cc
c# c c
cc
c
cc c c
c
))c #c c c csuchc cc c
Fc
c
),cccsuchc c Gcc Bc c ccccc c#  cc
c
)/c c#c ccsoc c cccc cc#c c# c cc c
c
)-c8  ccsuchc c c c ccc#cc #c c c
cc
c
)+c5c Bc  #cc ccsuchc c c c8 c#c cc
cc
c
)3c"c csoc
c c ccc# c c c c
c c
c
)0c c csocc
c c c c c
c c#c cc c
c
)'c5c c c cE)-*c c c c
c#c" c c5c Bc  #c#c
c  c c c
 csuchcc c cc c
c
).c? c Bccsoc Gc5B
cc#Bc c c c c c
c
,*c5c c#c c# Bc
csoc
Gc5Bc c c c

"c
c  #cc c
  c ccc cc"c!c c ccc
  c
cc   cc5c c  c  #c #c cccc
 
c c c cc   c c cc cccc

' 48c
<cc
c 
c cccc
c 
cccc# cc   cc

c 
c ccc  c cc   cc"cc c  cc c
 
c cc

<" c
c"ccc c
 >cc c
  c5ccc c c
 c&c #(c


%c

Rc 5cc ccstudyc
Rc 5cc c c#cbecFc
Rc 2 c

c c cjoincc

c

@ 5$ c
c"cc c  cc c 
c cc5cc
c #c
c"cc c  ccc  
c cccccc  ccc
 
c ccc


%c

Rc I ctryc cc cëëc


Rc 5cc
  c c ctryc cc c  
ëë   c

Rc ctriesc cc cëëc


Rc 5cc
  c cctryc cc c  
ëë

  c

Verbs Followed by the Subjunctive

c"ccc cc  #c%c

 c c& (c
 c  c& (c
 c

c& (c
 c
c& (c
 cc& (c
 cc& (c
 c  c& (c
 c

c& (c
 cc& (c
 cc& (c
 cc& (c


%c

Rc 2c"
casked thatc8  csubmitcc c c ccc cc
c
Rc 2  creáuestedc'  ccomec cc c
Rc c cinsists thatcccbec c
c

‘ pressions Followed by the Subjunctive

c"ccc cc  #c %c

5ccc& (c
5cc c& (c
5cc c& (c
5cc c& (c
5cc
 c& (c
5cc
  c& (c
5cc

c& (c
5ccc& (c
5cc c& (c
5cc c c c& (c
5cc c c c& (c


%c

Rc It is crucial thatc cbecc c


c c
Rc It is important cattendcc
c
Rc It is recommended thatcctakec c  c c# c#c
ccc# c c c cc
 
c cc c$  c

Negative, Continuous and Passive Forms of Subjunctive

c"c cccc c  c c c 


c

@ c 
%c

Rc c cc c"


cnot bec cc
c
Rc c
 c  c c
 cnot acceptc  c c ccc
 c
Rc 5cc c cnot takecc c# c  cc  c

? c 
%c

Rc = c

c c" cbe hiredc

 c
Rc $c
c c5cbe allowedc c c ccc   c
Rc Ccc c cbe admittedc cc  >  c

$  c 
%c

Rc 5cc
  c c cbe standingcc#ccc cc c
Rc 5cc c c c cbe waitingc cc c#cc
cc c
Rc 5c  c c#c cbe waitingcc
Bc  
c#ccc
c

Should as Subjunctive

!c
c cc  c cc# c   cc

cc cc
c c ccc 
ccc
ccc c c cc

c

c ccc  c 

 c c  c



%c

Rc c  c

c ccshould seec c c  cc 


c
Rc ?  cC
cc cC
cshould studyc c cc c
c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"%c


Rc "c c)c
V 
c5Bc
  c cc&

(c  c c Vc  c# c c c
c

,c5c c c'V  c&V (c  cV  c V c  V c  c c c c
 Bc# c c# c c c c# c cc
cVc #c cc
c

/c8Vc'  c   c c c  Vc&V  V(c    c Vc  V c
# cV >c
c

-c5Bc c c c< c"  c& (c cV ccc   c cC c
# c c #c#c  c Vc Vc Vcc
  V  c c  c
c

+c c  c c c c Vc&  V(c  c  cc c cV   c Vc
 c
c
3c5c c c c cc V c c c Vcc c5c  c c c   c&   > (c

 Vc# c cc c


c

0c=c  c c# c&  (c  VcV   c V  c c# c


c

'cC ccV c   Vc c&(c5c  V c# c c c V c c c# V c
V  Vc Vc c Fc5c# cV cc
 Vc# c cV  c c  c  Vc c  Vc  c
c

.c5cc V c cV   Vc c=  c& (c  Vc V cV c c" c c c
V c c c  c c  c  ccc
 c V >  c c c  c
c

)*c5Bc c cc cc cV  V c5cV   c c# c c&V (c    Vc c c
  cc c  cc# c
c

))cc#
cc cc cc& (c  c Bc 
 c c cc c
 cc c
c

),cc c

c c" c&(c c c c c


c
)/cc 
 c ccc# c
c
  c cc c ccc&  #(c

 c cc c ccc


#c ccc cc c
c

)-c"c c
c cc 
c& (c c cc5c Bc  #cc cc
c
c

)+ccc cc c

c c c&#


(c c c c c
 c
c

)3c5cc c c cc c&


 (c c

c c#ccc
c cc#

c c
c

)0cccc c  c5cc c&(c c  c

 c c c


c ccc
c

)'c= cc c"  c&(c  cc#Dc #cc#c c c


c

).c5c cBc cc c cc&


(c 
c   c
c

,*c5cc
 c cc# c&#  (c  # c c  c c  c# 
c cc
# c c cc# c cc
c  c

7cc  cc
7cc c c c c cc cc
ccc  cI c

cc c
c cc c c cc   cc c  c
 cc c c 
c ccccc  c c#c c c c c c
 c c c5c cc ccccc c c cc c
c c c# c c
cc  c$ cc

c  c cc


c c  #%c
þ.c4 cc  c c

2.c? c cccc %cc c7cc!cc? c cc


cc c c c# c c cc

3.c$
ccc #c!c cc#c cccc
 c=c c cc
c c cc c c
c  ccc

‘‘RCIS‘S TOPICS COV‘R‘

7cc c) c "


c?c c?c$  c

7cc c, c "


c?c c?c$  c

7cc c/ c "


c? c c? c$  c

7cc c- c "


c? c c? c$  c

7cc c+ c "


c? c c?c?c

7cc c3 c "


c? c c?c?c

7cc c0 c ?c?c c?c?c$  c

7cc c' c ?c?c c?c?c$  c

7cc c. c ?c$  c c?c?c$  c

7cc c)* c ?c$  c c?c?c$  c

7cc c)) c "


c? c c? c?c

7cc c), c "


c? c?c?c c? c?c

7cc c)/ c ? c?c c? c?c$  c


7cc c)- c ?c?c? c?c?c?c$  c c
? c?c$  c

7cc c)+ c ?c$  c"


c? c?c?c$  c c
? c?c$  c

7cc c)3 c ?c c? cc#c@ $  c7c

7cc c)0 c ?c c? cc4#c

7cc c)' c Cc c c c c

7cc c). c Cc c c c c

7cc c,* c Cc c c c c

7cc c,) c "


c?c c"
c'c

7cc c,, c "


c?c c"
c'c

7cc c,/ c "


c'c c'c$  c

7cc c,- c "


c?c"
c'c?c$  c c'c
$  c

7cc c,+ c 'c?c c'c?c$  c

7cc c,3 c 'c?c c'c?c$  c

7cc c,0 c 'c?c c'c?c$  c

7cc c,' c 'c?c c'c?c$  c

7cc? c $
 c7cc4#c
c

7cc' c
c $
 c7cc4#c
c

7cc #c#c 
c
Simple Present Simple Past Simple Future

5c c c c 


c5c
#cc cc c
# c c  c5cc
5cc cc c c
cc  c
5c
c c cc c
c c

Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Continuous

5c#ccc c#c
 c c c
5c# cc c#c c
5c
cc c #c
 c c c 5c
c c ccc
c#c c c
 c

Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect

5c#c cccc
cc
c5ccc c
5c cc cc 5c cc cc c c
 cc c  c5c
c cc<"c 5c
c c c cc
cccc
c5cc
c c

Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous

5c#c ccc
c c c# c cc
5c ccc c c c
c c c
5c ccc c
c c c5c
c cc c
 cc c
<"c 5c
c c c cc
c c c c# c
 ccc
c c c

c
"
c?c
' 48c
97 4 ;c:c6ccc c


%c

Rc I cspeakc c
Rc oc cspeakc Fc
Rc I cdo not speakc c

$
c1c c"
c?c' 
c

<" c)c4 c! c

<cc"
c?c ccc c c c  cc c c cc
 c cc c c c c c cc ccc c
c c c
 c5c c  cc
c c c c c c c c c c


%c

Rc 5cplaycc
Rc "cdoes not playcc
Rc oesccplaycFcc
Rc c cleavescc
c c'c!8c
Rc c cdoes not leavec c.c!8c
Rc Ccdoescc c cleaveFcc
Rc "c # cforgetsccc
Rc ccforgetscc# c
Rc c#c
cc ccirclescc"c
Rc oescc"ccirclecc Fc

<" c,c' c c >  c

c
c"
c?c c  c cc cc c c c# cc c
cc #c c#cccccc5cc c
  ccc cc c
 cc c5cc  cc c
c >  c  c c cc


%c

Rc $ clikec
 c
Rc cdo not likec
 c
Rc occlikec
 Fc
Rc $   ciscc!
 c
Rc $   cis notccc<cH
c
Rc C #carec
c c c
Rc C #care notc
c c# c
Rc @#cI  cisc c
cc


  
 
 c

<" c/c"c ccc@ c'c

" c    cc"


c?c c  c  ccccc c
ccc
c

c c#c  c  cc    ccc c


cc#c ccc c#cc


%c

Rc c cleavesc c c3c?8c


Rc ccdoes not arrivec c))c!8ccarrivesc c))c?8c
Rc Ccdoc#cboardcc Fc
Rc c cstartsc c'c B  c
Rc Ccdoesc cbeginc
 #Fc

<" c-c@ #c&@ $  c7(c

" c

ccc"
c?c ccc c c c  cc
 c cc c c #cc c cc c#c@ $  c7c
c c8c7c

%c

Rc 5camcc #c
Rc "cis notcc #c
Rc cneedsccc #c
Rc cdoes not needcc #c
Rc chascc  ccc cc
Rc oc chavec c  c#c Fcc

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I conlyc c c
Rc 2 c conlyc c Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc c c# c


ccleanscc c 
c

Rc c c# cc cis cleanedcc


c 
c

8 c! c!c6c? c' 


c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"c


Rc 7cc c)c"
c?c c?c$  c
Rc 7cc c,c"
c?c c?c$  c
Rc 7cc c)3c?c c? cc#c@ $  c7cc
Rc 7cc c)0c?c c? cc4#c
Rc 7cc c,)c"
c?c c"
c'c
Rc 7cc c,,c"
c?c c"
c'c
Rc 7cc c,-c"
c?c"
c'c?c$  c c'c
$  c
Rc 7cc? cc$
 c7cc4#c
Rc 7cc' cc$
 c7cc4#c
c
c c8  c" c&(c c c c  c cc
c

,c< c5c&#  (c c c c c! ccc

c5c&(c
'c c c  c cc? c cc#c5c
cc? cc
c

/c"Gc cGc= c&(c cc


c

-c2 Bc c c c c


 c5c& (c cc
c

+c5c ccc" c cc& c # (c cc


c

3c5B
c c5c Bc c# c c& (c  c c&  (c  c
 cc
c

0c=c&#c(c c c  cc ccc5c cc c


c c cc#ccccc
c
'c=
%c2 c c# c c
c c cc Fc

2%c c5B
c c5c Bc5c& (c  c c
c c#c
ccc
c

.ccc c&c 
c(c cc c
 cc@#cI  cc

c&(c ccc c cc#  ccc cc


c

)*cc c   c&(c


cc c
c   ccKc"#> c

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 2

"
c?c6c?c$  c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

!c c=  c

@ 
c),c)..0c

c
  c&(c c c c c
c c  c8 c!  c5c
c c

c
cc& (c Dc5cc c5c
c c c
cc c8cc& c (c


c c
c c&(c cc5c&# c(c  c c

@ cc c  c cc5c c c c c c c c&(c  c

c c5c&(c  c  c cc#c# c ccc5c& (c cc

c cc  c c


c

  c Dc  c5c& c (c

 c  c c! c5c& c (c


cc5cc c5c

&
 c  (c c

5c& c(c #c1


c cc
c1c<cc  c

c&(c cccc
 cc&#  c # (c  c c
c

c&
 (c  c5c
c c #c5c& (c
cc c cc#c
c

ccc c c c c5c


c8 c5c
ccc c c
c c5c
c

c c

4c #c1
c&(c #cc #c cccc&(c c

c#ccc  c ccc@ c5c&  #c (c c c


c c

c #cc c& c(c 


c
c
c& (c cc

#c cc&(c  c c1


c
c# cc@ c c
c
c& (c

c#c# c1
c&(c  c cc<  c1
c&
c  (c
 c cc c c  c5cc c#c Bcc c c c

 c  c c cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 3

"
c? c6c? c$  c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c!%cC c& c (c #cc c Fcc

%c5c&(c  c c ccc c cc cc

,c!c5c&(c c# cc c


c5c& c

 (c  cc

 c c&(c ccc

/cc  c& (c  c


c&(c  c c c c c#  c c cc

&(c  c c c


c c c c c cc

-c"  c& (c c" Bc c cc c.%**c?8ccc&c (c

c"c&c cc (c  cc c


  cc

'cc

+c" ccccc
c# c c!cc
c cc&# c  (c

 c Bc ccc Gcc

c
3c!%c5c& (c  c cc ccc c&c (c cCc

#c Fcc

%c5c&#  (c c ccccc

0cCc5c&#  (c  ccc cc c&  (c cc c

#c c
c c c&#  c(c cc c c# c
 c

&c(c
 c c
 c
ccc

'c5c&# (c c
c
c c7c#ccc#c c@ #c5c
cc

 c cc c #cc


ccc

.c"  c&(c cc


c#c= c c
c# c cccBc c

c cc&c (c cc

)*c5Bc c c c& (c  c5c& c(c  c cc

))cc c& (c c! c#cc& (c ccc

),cCc5ccc > c c c c


 c&  c(c c

&(c  ccc c c c c# c&(c  c c

"
c c c& (c c  c cc  #cc cc# c

c!c c c
c& (c ccc c c cc5c&#  (c

c c c
c# c&(c c c&(c c   cc

)/cc
c&(c c c#
c# c&(c  c cc

c c ccccc

)-c"c# c c  Gc"c& c # (c ccccc c5c

 cc&c  (c


c c c
c ccc

)+c"
 c&(c c c c
c c# c c5c cc&(c

c#cc cC c


c #cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 4

"
c? c6c? c$  c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

1 cc#c5c# c c


c
#  c! c& (c c"c cc& (c


c ccc c
cc  c 
c c<$1!c5c  cccc&# (c

 c ccc c cc  c# c cc c cc cc#c

c&  (c  c
c5c Bccc&
(c c c ccc

c5c  c# c# c c cc

"c cc  c  c# c c c c c ccc&c  (c
c c"
c ccc&  (c  cc c cc

# c cccc cc& #(c cc c c cCc! c

&(c
cc# c c c#cc c5c&
 (c  c
c

  c  c# cc c c&(c  cc#c c


c cc

Cc#c#c  c5c& (c c  cc 8c c c


c c c

 F c"ccc#c c5c& (c cc c c#c cc c

 c
cc!c5c&(c  c c c  cc c c c  c5c

&(c ! ccc


cc# Bccc cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 5

"
c? c6c?c?c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c!%c2c c cc


c " cC F cc

%c5c Bc  #c5c&c(c  c


cc

,c"
c& (c c" c2 c c# c  cc

/c8ccc c5c&  #(c  c c c cc cCccc

 c c c# cc

c
-c" cc c  c#cc&#(c cc c c ccc c

 c c cBcc c


c c
# cc

+c5c& c (c c


ccc5c&(c c cc

3cc& (c c c c c$ c5cCc#cc& (c

#  ccc c  cc


 c& c (c c
 c"c

c#c& (c  cc


c c,***c
c#  cc

0c5c&(c 
c c c cc c#cc# c ccc&# (c

c cc c c&(c cc c cc

'c1c2  c5c Bc cc c&


(c ccc
cI c&(c

 c c#  c c
c
cI c cGcc

.c"
cc
c$    c#ccc c
c
cc c cc&c(c

c  cc c


c#cc c8
cc

)*c #c Gc c&


(c c c c$   c cccccBc

ccc&c(c c  c

c
))c5cc cc c c&
(c
c c cc


  c5cc).ccc& (c # c cc
c c c@ c

!
 cc c#  ccc&(c c c c c  cc

& (c c c ccc cc cc c@ #c c cc
c

@#cI  c c1 c!cc c
c c cc

),c= c5c Bcc #c


c c& (c cc c
c5c&(c

 cI c& #(c c c c Gcc

)/ccc&(c  cccc# c& (c cc c

 cc c  cc

)-cc
 c&c(c 
cc  c" c
 c&(c

 c cc cc  c&c(c cc


cc


cc c
c c&(c c c cc

cc

)+c5c&c(c ! cc5c& (c  c" c!


 c c


cc c
c5c& (c  c" c!
 c5c&(c  >c c?c5c

&(c # c# ccc!


> c& (c  c c# c c8 c

?c c&(c cc@ > c1cc


Verb Tense ‘ ercise 6

"
c? c6c?c?c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

"c
c#cc c ccccc c).'*Bc  c& (c

c c ccc


c&(c 
c
cc c

 c  cc& c (c


c

c cc&c (c c

 #c c
c#c ccc c
c c& (c

  c c  c c


c#c  c& (c cc8 c
c

&(c   c c


cc
c cc#c c c

 c
cc


c& (c c$
c&
(c  #c
c#cc

  c   c? 

c& (c c c c cc 


c

#c cc
c c c  c c cCc cc c c


cc  Bc
c&
(c  c
cc c c

8 c
cc&c  (c cc5c c&(c

 c#c c


cc  cc# cCc& (c  c c

   c

c c5c cc


c c
c cc c& (c

 c c   cC cCcCc c  #cc


Verb Tense ‘ ercise 7

?c?c6c?c?c$  c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

Robin:c5c cc# c& (c cCc&# (c c c c c c

 c c  c& (c c ccc

Michele:c5c c Bccc&#  (c cc c c#c


cc  c

 c#c& c  (c cc

Robin:c1 c c c c ccc&c (c c cc cc


c

cc  c cc cc

Michele:cc
c >c#c& c (c GcCc&(c c c

c c c c c c


cc

Robin:c5c Bc  #ccc& c(c cc&(c 


c c c

 c c c cc cc

Michele:c Bcc cc& c (c c c c cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 8

?c?c6c?c?c$  c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c=%c #c c&(c c$   Fc

$ %c5c&(c c c
c cc c

,c5c& (c c


c c c
c cc c5B
c c  cc c#c

c

/c5c& (c    cc5c# c ccI c


cc c
c c     c

-c8 c c"  c& (c 


cccc  c c cc& (c

 c c
 c  c5c cc#  cc c

+c= c&#  (c  cc 


ccc  c
c  c<c

<ccc& (c c#  cc #ccc  c  cc

3c1 c5c& (c  c c


c c c5c&
(c

 c#cc  c c


c
 c

0c5c&(c =c c
c cc c cc c
c5c&(c

c ccc  cc


Verb Tense ‘ ercise 9

?c$  c6c?c?c$  c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c5c& (c c# c5c cc cc"  c c5c# c c c cc

 cc

,c"%cCcc Fcc

"  %cc&c cc (c  cc


cc cC c5c

 cc&#(c  cccc c cc c# cc

/cI c c c Gc&I c(c ccccFcc

-c'  c#c c cFcCc&# (c  c cc)c?8cc

+c
%cC cc c Fcc

@ %c!c c  
c&(c 
#c #ccc5c&(c

c >cc5c#cc# c Gc5c&(c  c


c c#c
cc

3c= Bc c&


 c (c cBcFcc&# (c

!
 c c 
c c&(c c

cc cccc

cc" c2 c" cc#cc  ccc

c
0c2 %cI c c ccc&I c(c  cc Fcc

8%cIc5c&(c  c#c5cc cc c5c&(c

cc c cc c# cc

2 %c5c c ccc cc

8%c  c5c& c(c 


c
c c5c cccc c

 c c cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ

?c$  c6c?c?c$  c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

Mr. Smith:c" cc


c ccc  c c8c c5c# c c cc c ccc
c

 c c   cc

Mr.
arris:c5c&#  (c cc cc c cc c5c#  c c8c

1c cc c cC c5 c c c c c c2c c
c5c c
c c

c  c c1c5 c c Bc#c5c& (c  cc#c c

  cc

Mr. Smith:cc
c cc  c c c ccc

Mr.
arris:c5c
c c
c5c ccc
 c c c #c c cc" c

$c c cc5c c5c&


(c c cc 
cc# cc

c
Mr. Smith:c4 c #c c& c (c cFcc

Mr.
arris:c5c& (c cc c5c cc cc

Mr. Smith:c GcCc c  cc c c1cI c


 c c c cc

" c$c5c&#  c(c #c


c cc cc cCc&(c

 c c c#c  c cc cc

Mr.
arris:c2 c c  #c'  c FcBc
c cc&#  c(c

cc
c cc

Mr. Smith:c5c  #c'  cc#c!c c c'  Bc# cc c#


c  c c

 c1c=c c
cc#c& (c  c
 c# cccc

" Dc
c c cc c
c8 cc

Mr.
arris:c@ c 
c5c&(c " cc
 c cc

Mr. Smith:c" c c c ccc  cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þþ

"
c? c6c? c?c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c
5c Bcc5c&(c  c  
c5c&
(c
c   c c

# cc5cBc c5c c c c c  cccCc5c& #(c c c

 c c c  cc#c c c#c c c# c& (c  c


c

8 c c
c&c  (c cc   c c#c  c cc

  c c5c cc c c5cc

5c&(c  cc cc 


cc5c Bc #c c cc cc&# (c


c cccc5cBc# c cc
c c  c c5c

& (c 
c 
c#c
ccc c c5c #cc# Bc

c

c5c&(c cc
c c c cc

5c# c  c c cc&(c  cc


cc  
c5cc c cc

  c c


c c& (c  cc c ccc c5c c c

c  
c cc& (c c
cc c5c c c Gcc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ2

"
c? c6c?c?c6c? c?c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)cCc5c& (c 
c cc5c c c= c& (c c

 c ccc

c
,c"c5c c c5c& 
(c c# c c c c

 c c c7c


c #c5c& cc(c c c5c
c c # c

c).'+cc

/c cc
c5c c cc cc
c&c  (c # c
c8c

 c&(c  c#c


c c5c&(c c

-cCc5c&(c c  c c c5c& (c c c c# c

  c#c5c# ccc c5c& c (c c cc c cc&(c

  c
c c

cc

+c1 c# c5c&(c  c cc c


cCc&c (c  c

cc c c c cc& (c c c c5c& (c   c

 cc c
c c5c&  (c c c c c cCc cc c c c

cc

3cCc=  c&(c c


c5c& >c (c 
c cc

& (c  c
c#c c& #(c c cc c  cGcc

0cc8  c c cc  c>  cccc ccI  Dc #c

cc&  c (c cc


c   cc& (c
cc@#cC cc

'c5c&(c  c
c c cc5c&
(c  c< c  c

cc5c& c(c c c$  cK c!c c$   cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ3

? c?c6c? c?c$  cc


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

5B
c c5cc# c c ccc5c c c c
c
c c cc #c c c

'%**c5c&(c  cc c c c c c


c c5cBc# c c
cc c

c
c5c ccc c c#c#c#c c c
c5c& (c

cc c c c5c&# (c c c c5c c c c c5c&  (c

 c
cH cc c cc c

Cc5c c cc cH c& c  (c cc c cc# c

# c cc cc c"c# c c c cc&# (c  c

c c c c c"c cc&c 


(c c c& (c  c

c c# ccc

H c c
c c&(c  c c
ccc c c cc# c c
c

 c#c c  cccc"c
 c cc&
(c  c
c
 c c c c  c5c c c #cc c   c!cccc5cc cc

c
Gcc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ4

?c?c6c? c?c
?c?c$  c6c? c?c$  cc
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c5cc  c.%/*c?8c c5c&# (c c c c c c5c= c c cc

ccccc
c5c
c c c cc

,c5c# c c c c= c c cc


cc c c5c&# (c  c

c c c5c 


cc# c
cc

/c2c c c c c# cc c


Fcc&#  (c  c c
 c
 c

 c
c cc c cc&#  (c c 
cc 
c@  c #c

c
 c cccc

-c5c&(c
cc cc
c c5c#c c c?c cc


c cc
 cc
c c  cc
cc

+c"  c&
(c c8  c& (c  cc# c c& (c

c  ccH c"ccc c  c cc

c
3c"  c&
(c c8  c& (c  cc# c c& (c

c  ccH ccc


ccc#c"c&(c


cc c c c
c c cccccc

0cCc8 c
c cc c ccc#cc c# c5c cc&(c

cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ5

?c$  c6c"


c? cc
?c?c$  c6c? c?c$  c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

8c cc ccc5c&(c  c cc  cc).'+cc

cc c5cc c c


c
c c c cc
c5c cc cc

).''c5c&(c c  c c 


cc Dc #c5c# c c c c

 c
c cc c#c

>cc' c c c
c c5c&(c

 c

c c   c c#c


c  c cc

@ c#  c c5cc cc  cc

5c c c c 


cc  c c c ccc #c5c& (c

#c c c
c c c
c5c# c cc  
Gc5c&(c

cc# c
c c cc c
c c c c cc# c

c
c  c@ cc
c

Cc5cc5c
 c c cc c5c& (c  
c#cc  c

 c cc

c c5cc c cc c c c c5cc c c

 c  c5c& (c  c 


c c c c c# c c c

c c c ccc<c" cc

Ccc#  c5c&(c c&(c cc<"c c


c c# c

 c5c& (c c c c c  c c c5cc


c cc5c

 cc
ccc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ6

?c c? cc


c@ $  c7c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c

c1 c5c& (c # c c ccc

c1 c5c& (c # c c ccc

,c

cCc&(c c c
c c c c ccc
cc #c c

cCc&# (c c c


c c c c ccc
cc #c c

/c
c"
c&(c cc cc c
c#cc #c#c c c c# c c
c

c"
c&(c cc cc c
c#cc #c#c c c c# c c
c

-c

c c #c# cc#cc&  (c c c c#c cc c

c c #c# cc#cc& (c c c c#c cc c

+c

c5c& (c cccc5c# c cc

c5c& (c  ccccc5c# c cc

3c

c4c #c5c&(c # c c c cccc

c4c #c5c& (c c# c c c ccccc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ7

?c c? cc4#c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

Lars:c c
c#c
c c c# c Fcc

Tony:cCc&# (c  cc#c" cC c


c5c c#c&# (c

c c
c cc cc
c

Lars:c'c FcCcc c Fcc

Tony:cCc&(c c c3%**c B  cc


c8 c c c c& c

 (c c# c c c#c#c cc

Lars:c5c Bcc Gc!c c Fcc

Tony:cI c c& (c " cC c


c c5c cc  c

 #c cc c c c c c# cCc&# c(c cc cc c c

 ccc cc

Lars:cCcc cc c Fcc

Tony:c5c&(c 
c c# cc c5c&  #(c  c# cc

 c cc c5c&(c c#c#c#c c c c c cc

c cc cc&# (c cc c 


c c
c cc c ccc

 #cc

Lars:c5c Bcc Gcc

Tony:c5Bccc&
(c cc c c8 Bc$c cc1 c!c

 c  c c
c cc&# (c  cccc c ccc
cc
Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ8

Cc6c c c cc


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c!%cCc c c c cc c Fcc

%c5c&#(c cc c
cc  c
cc cc

,c!%c5B
c  c c c c5cc c# cGcc

%c5c&(c  c cc c c c#c# c ccc

/c!%c5c Bc cc Gcc

%c5c&(c cc c c c ccc

-cCc c cc  c ccc


c c' cCc&(c ? c@c

c c

+c"  c&
(c  cc c c&(c c c#cc

3c%c5cc c ccGcc

"  %c5c&(c c   c cc

0c5c cc&(c cc?c cc<c" cc

c
'c!c5c  c5c& (c
 c c c
c c  c5c c

# c cc c  c c


cc

.c!%c c
c5cc c  c c
 c  c c c
c5c
c  ccc
c c


c c c cc

%c c
c ccc c&(c  cc

)*c!c c cc# c cc#c&#  (c  #c cc c c c

#

cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise þ9

Cc6c c c cc


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)cc

Mark:cC c c c c#c c Fcc

Beth:c5c&(c  cc cc  c c cc c


 >cc

Mark:cC c& c (c #cFcc

Beth:c5c& (c c#   c cc  c c


c c c c5c c5c c

cc   c c c
cc

,cc

Mark:c& c (c
c c  c"
Fcc

Sam:c"c# c c c# c


c c Fcc
Mark:c5c& (c c ccccc
c  ccc
c c

5cc
 c c cc c c
c#c5c
cccc

Sam:c@ c 


c5c& (c c c cc

/cc

Gina:cCc c c Fcc

Ted:c5c& (c  cc c c cc


c cc

Gina:cC c& c(c Fcc

Ted:c5c&(c 
c
 c
c c c
c cc

-cc

John:cC #cBc>c ccc

Jane:c5c&
(c 
c c c# 
ccc2 c c# c cc cc c#Fcc

John:c$ c c Gc c5c& (c c#c


cc c c5Bc

c ccc

Jane:c5c& (c  cc c cc5B


c c cc cc # cc

+cc

Frank:c5c c Bc c c" c c cc

c cc

Tom:cI c5c& (c  c 


 ccc c5c c  #c cc" c

# c
ccc cc

Frank:c5c&(c
c cc8 cc c8 c5c c c c'c
 cc

Tom:c5c c c c   ccc c


c5c& (c cc c#c cc

#c c cBc c c'c cc


cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 2

Cc6c c c cc


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)cc

Michael:c2 c c cc4 c cc2


 c&#(c cc Fcc

Jane:c5c cc4 c&#(c cc cc

John:c@ c# Gcc2
 c&#(c cc

,cc

Susan:cCc& (c 
cc# cC c c c c
c  Fcc

Sam:c c c cc5c Bc c cc cc

Susan:c@ c 


c5c&(c  c c8c
c c c c
c cc

/cc

Barbara:c5c&(c c#c cc# cc5B


c cc# c c5c Bc

 c  #c
c  c c5B
c  cc 
c&(c  c c   c c

c#ccc #cc5c  #cc

ave:c5cc c#  c c c
 ccc c c5c  #c c c  c c5c& (c
#c c c
cc c c c cc

-cc

Gina:c'c c5c&(c "  c'cc

c c cccFcc

Margaret:c8c
ccc"  c'Gc5c&(c  c
c Bc c
c

Cc cc c"  c'cc c


c cc&(c  c cc c cc

 #cc c #c c


c ccc c
c cccc

+cc

Pam:c$ c cc


cccc c FcC c& (c c Fcc

Fortune Teller:cI c&


(c c
c
cc c$ c c@#cI  c c

c  cI c&


(c  c
c
cc

Pam:c' cc
Gc5c# c c  #cc5c&(c c#c cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 2þ

"
c?c6c"
c'c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c  c c5c&(c c c c5c& (c  c c


c#c
c

cc

,cCc c& (c c"   


c c
cc cc& #(c

 c  ccc cc cc cc


c

/c!%c2 c c  #c# c c# c c c c c&  (c Fcc

%c!c5c&(c
c8 Bc
c  #c<c5c& (c

 c  c c c<$"2cc" c2 c5c& (c  c


c c?2cc

 ccc

-c5cc& #(c c# c#c& (c  c c1 c  cc

+cI c c& (c  c c cc c c  c c/%**c B  cc&
(c

 c  ccc ccc
c c5c
c c cc

  ccc5c& (c  cc cc

3c5cc c cc# c& c (c c #ccc c c c

#c&(c c ccc 


ccc#c

cc

0c5c7 c& (c  cc& c (c c cc

'c5c
c c c5c&c (c  cc c  c cc
 c&  (c


c  c# c c c c5c& c (c cc c c

c cc

c
.c"c&
(c 
c
 c cccc"c&(c c c

c c  c c c!cc&(c cc&(c c

 c c cc c c"cc c c


 ccGcc

)*c
c& (c #cc& (c c8 cc& (c

#c c c# c cc ccc#c  


c&(c   cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 22

"
c?c6c"
c'c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)cc

Michael:c!c c& (c #  c#c c c ccc c c c c

c
c
 c c Fcc

Marie:c@ c 


c5c& (c cc c cc
cc3c B  cc

Michael:c cI c#c  cc


c c5c& (c cc

,cc

Ari:c cc
c#c&(c  cc
c cc c c c cc c cc

Sarah:c2 Bc# c5c c= c#c


cc cc cc
c& (c c

"c&(c c c c


cccc cc

Ari:c c ccGcCc&c(c cc c #c cc


Sarah:c$ 
c #c#c&
(c  c c cc cc

/cc

Terry:c5cc# c&(c  c


 #c
c#c c c cc cc

Jennifer:c5c c cc c5cc&(c c c#Bc c cc Dc ccc

& (c c#Bcc c


cc

Terry:c5cc#c#c c c# cc#c&(c ccc


c cc c# c

#c c c c cc

-cc

Ma :cC c c c c c c


 #c c#  Fcc

Sean:c5c&
(c 
cc cc c  cccC c c c c
c

 Fcc

Ma :c@ c  Gc8c cc


c c #c c5c& (c 
cc
cc  c

c0c B  cc

Sean:cCc&c  (c cc cc.c B  cCc Bc c cc c

 c& (c 
ccc

Ma :c" c cCc&(c  c  c'c B  cc

+cc

Lucy:c5c& (c  c c c c5c cc2cc

wain:c5c5c
c cc#c c& (c c
cc c c c
 cc
Lucy:c5c#c!c c Bc c c# c
c c ccc cc

wain:c5c
c5c& (c  c cc#c c cc5 cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 23

"
c'c6c'c$  c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)cc

Sandra:cCcc
c c c
cFcc

Marcus:cc&# (c  cc#c c c c5c


ccc& (c

cc  
c#c#cc cc  cc

Sandra:c!cc# Fcc

Marcus:cCc& (c 8cc c#  c c c c ccc

,cc

Ted:cCc#cc cc c=c&# (c 7c"


c&
(c

 c c& (c cc c c&


 (c  cc

 c c#  cc

Robin:c8 cc
cc# Bcc cc
ccc

Ted:c5c
c  c cc& (c c
cDcc # c cc
c

cc

/cc
Florence:c c c c c
 c ccGcC c&# (c c c Fcc

Jack:c5c
c5c& (c 
c#c5cc
c
c#  cc

Florence:c  cc

Jack:cCc cc
ccc c
 c#cc c cc  c c  c

 cc&(c cc cc

-cc

oug:c5c cc c  c


cc# c5c& (c cc 
c cc

Nancy:c5c& (c  ccc c c 


cc

oug:ccccc
c5c ccc # c
cc cc

Nancy:c2 Bc# cc&(c ccc

+cc

Samantha:c=c cc# c cc


c5c&(c c c  c cc8 c

 c8 c c c c cc

arren:cCc c c c cc c5c&(c c cc

 c c #c c c c c c c  #c c5c
c#  c c Fcc

Samantha:c5cBc
 c
 #cc

arren:cI Bcc$ Bc c c


c#c Fcc

Samantha:c@ c c5c&(c  c c  c c c c#c c cc

arren:c c c&


(c
cc
ccc
Verb Tense ‘ ercise 24

"
c?c6c"
c'c
?c$  c6c'c$  c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c4c #c5c
c# c7c
 #c cc
c5c&# (c 7c c#cc

,c
 #c c c5c& (c  cc cc

/c5c
c c c c
c   c c cCc c& (c  #  c c&  (c

 c  c
c cc c5c&(c c cc  c

 c!c c  Fcc

-cCc&(c #c c& (c ccc c!c c cc

cc c#c&
(c c c&
(c c "G cc

+cCc#  c c ccccc c c#  c5c c&


(c c#c

#c&#  (c c#c#c cc c cc c cc c=c cc c#c

& (c c ccc#


c
c c c#c c c c# c cc

3cCc c&(c c


c8  c&(c c cc

c
0cCc5c&(c  cc c" c c2 c& (c c= c&
(c

 c"c c'  c&(c 


c   c c

8 c&
 (c  c
c
  cc c # c cc


ccc c c cc

'cCc c&(c cc c5c&# (c  c cc

.c5c
c c c c c c# Gc c#c#c&# (c c
 #c

ccc&(c cc

)*c5c c&(c  c  c


c

cc# c5c& (c cc

"  cc" c'  cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 25

"
c'c6c'c?c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c

Margaret:c2 c c cc#ccc#c5cc  c


cc Fcc

Jerry:c2 Bc# c cc


c cc  c5c& (c ccc
c c

&(c # ccc c#ccc#c c c cc

Margaret:c5c c cc& (c  c3c B  cc

Jerry:c c&(c  ccc


ccccc
c

,c

Nick:c5cc c# c
c c c5c  c
cc cc
cc c5c

&  (c c c5c#c  cc c c c cc

Stacey:c2 c c c Fc!c c# c  ccFcc

Nick:c@ c c5c& (c  c c c  c cc


c c c #c cc

c c cc

Stacey:c Bc c c cc

Nick:c5c
c  c c c c cc c c#c5c c c5c&
c c (c

c)/cc cc5c&#  c  (c cc

 c# cc

/cc

Stan:c2c c c c$c& (c c   cc" c!


 cc#Fcc

Fred:c5c Bcc #c cc c  cCc c cc# c c Fcc

Stan:c"c&(c ?c  c c   cc

Fred:c!cc cc&(c c ccc# ccc


cBc+*cc

-cc

Judy:c #c c c ccc8


Fcc

‘laine:c5c c ccc c c c c# cc

Judy:c #c c c c c c Fcc

‘laine:c5c c8
c c5c& (c c c cc c c
cCc5c c
  c
c5c&(c c c
c cc
cc

Judy:cC #c Bcc c   GcI c&c(c c  c

ccc ccc8
cccc

+cc

Jane:c5c Bcc #c c#c Gc cc


c#cc ccc c&c

 (c  cc

Jack:c5Bc c #c cI c c# c c ccc 


cc

Jane:c5c Bcc
c c c ccc

Jack:cC c Fc cc


c#ccc c&(c c@  c&c(c

 c cc

Verb Tense ‘ ercise 26

'c?c6c'c?c$  c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c cc
c#cc c$  ccc#c&(c
c c cc

cCc c c cc cc

,cCc"  c c c   cc


cc&(c 
c c c

# c c"c cc c c

 c c#c#cccc! cc

/c5c c c c


cDc #c5c&(c c c$  c c" c
'  ccc
c5c cc<c" cc

-c cc
c cccccc  c c&
(c c#c

ccc c 
cc

+c2c Gc5c c Bcccc& (c c ccc


c#cc c

c  cc

3c5c
c c  cc
c  c5c c
c 
c cc
c  cCc5c

c c!  c5c&(c  cc


c c5c&(c c

 c c c c cc

0c8 cc c c cc# ccc c'c B  c cc


cccc#c

&# (c  cc c# c cc

'c'  cc c c  c5cc cccc& (c  c c c

 c cc
cccc cc cc

.c$
c c c
c c  c.c B  c cc5c&
(c
c c

 c c#c c cc c


cc

)*c5c=c
c 
c c  c&(c
c cc cc
Verb Tense ‘ ercise 27

'c?c6c'c?c$  c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c

Jack:c c cc# cc  $ c c7Fcc

Janet:c5Bc cFc5c c c ccc


c cc cccc

# cc

Jack:c5c  #c cc


cccc cc& (c
c c)+*c
c

 #c c cc& (c  c'*c


c cc&
(c c

   c c&  (c  c  c# cc

Janet:c!c Bc c cc&


(c  c c cc c cc

,cc

Oliver:cCc c c cc c  Bcc!Fcc

Anne:c5c
c c cc
ccc=c cc
c5c  c5c& (c  c

 cc c cc c5c&(c  c


c cc

 c

Oliver:cC #c Bc c c


Gcc

Anne:c!c5c c c c c cc c?2cc

Oliver:c4 Fc #c cc c c c Fcc

Anne:c cc
c5c ccc5c&(c cc c c)/c cc

c
/cc

Ma :c"  c cccc c c c c

Jake:c5c Bc c cBc c cc c  c

Ma :c"c& (c  c cc ccc


c c c c

cc  c cc&(c cccc

Jake:c8 c#c ccc cc

-cc

Mike:c5Bc3%**c c5c cc#  c c


c c c cc cc

Sid:c2 c c c c&(c c)*%**FcBc c c c2  Bc cc

Mike:c5c&
c  (c c cc)*%**cc5c&#  (c

cc c
c cc c c5c Bc c5c
c c cc c c

 c c cc

+cc

Fred:c cc
ccccc  cI 
c@   c?  cc& (c

 c
c cc cc

Ginger:c!cc&c (c c cc c& (c c #cc 


c

c# Gcc

Fred:cCc#c c
ccc& (c 
c c c c c5c
c

cc#cc cc

Ginger:c5c c#c cc c c c


cc c c  cc
Verb Tense ‘ ercise 28

'c$  c6c'c?c$  c


<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)c

Simona:c8  cc c c c c" c#c#ccc  c


c c  c

 cc8 cc

Isabelle:c Gc"c& (c  c c


c cc
cc

Simona:c"cc c cc c c c" c#c


c c c1 c!
 ccc

Isabelle:c c# cc


c?c&(c cc
c#c8  c

cCcc
 c c c
c#cc ccc

,cc

Jason:c5c
c Gcc

Nurse:c5c c# c c# cc  c#cc#c ccc


cc  cc c


c 
c#c c cc

Jason:cc  c# c c 


c#c c c c c  c5c5c# c  cc

c5c
ccc& c(c  
c#cc cc
cBc c

 c cc
c5c&# (c  c
c c# c cc

/cc

Frank:cC c c c c cc c


 #c cFcc

ebbie:c5c& (c
cc
c# cc

Frank:c"Fc #c c c cc#  c c cc


Fcc
ebbie:c' c cc
c5cc5c&  (c cc
c c

c c# cc

Frank:c c c5c# c c c  cc c# c cc c


cC c  cc c c


 #Fcc

ebbie:c" c5c&
(c c c&(c c cc

-cc

Mr. Jones:cC c c c c cc cc c cc


Fcc

Mr. McIntyre:c5c&#  (c  c cc #c


cc@#c  cc

Mr. Jones:c5cBc  #c c#c c  c4 cc

Mr. McIntyre:c5c c c c c c#c5cc Bcc ccc


c5c
c5c&(c

c  c4 c c c#c c5c cBc  c


c c c cc

Verb Tense Practice Test

$
 c7cc4#c
<cc# cc c
ccc #c#cc   ccc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)cI c c c Gc& c#  (c c ccccFcc

,c!%cC c& c (c #cc c Fcc

%c5c&(c  c c ccc c cc cc

/c5c& (c c


c c c
c cc c5B
c c  cc c#c
cc

-c5cc& #(c c# c#c& (c  c c1 c  cc

+c!%cC c c c c c# c#  cc Fcc

%cc& (c   cc

3c5c
c c  cc
c  c5c c
c 
c cc
c  cCc5c

c c!  c5c&(c  cc


c c5c&(c c

 c c c c cc

0c"
c& (c c" c2 c c# c  cc

'c"
 c&(c c c c
c c# c c5c cc&(c

c#cc c# c


c #cc

.c5c7 c& (c  cc& c (c c cc

)*cc8  c c cc  c>  cccc ccI  Dc #c

cc&  c (c cc


c   cc& (c

cc@#cC cc

c
))c"Gc cGc= c&(c cc

),c5c& (c c# c5c cc cc"  c c5c# c c c cc

 cc

)/c1c2  c5c Bc cc c&


(c ccc
cI c&(c

 c c#  c c
c
cI c cGcc

)-c5c
c c c c c c# Gc c#c#c&# (c c
 #c

ccc&(c cc

)+c5c c c c


cDc #c5c&(c c c$  c c" c

'  ccc


c5c cc<c" cc

)3c5c&(c
cc cc
c c5c#c c c?c cc


c cc
 cc
c c  cc
cc

)0c5cc cc c c&


(c
c c cc


  c5cc).ccc& (c # c cc
c c c@ c

!
 cc c#  ccc&(c c c c c  cc

& (c c c ccc cc cc c@ #c c cc
c

@#cI  c c1 c!cc c
c c cc
c

)'c= Bc c&


 c (c cBcFcc&# (c

!
 c c 
c c&(c c

cc cccc

cc" c2 c" cc#cc  ccc

).cCc5c& (c 
c cc5c c c= c& (c

c c ccc

,*c5c c&(c  c  c


c

cc# c5c& (c cc

"  cc" c'  cc

Verb Tense Final Test

$
 c7cc4#c
$
c c))*c #c#cc   cc #c c)))+cc c
c $ c c c c c #c

)cCc$  c& (c  cc5c&# (c


c  c #c c

 cc

,c5c&#  (c  cc
 c c
c cc c c5cc c cc

c5cGc

/c"  c& (c  c c"c& (c  c 


cc

c

@c cc c c c c?c


c

-c
cc c  cc&#(c
c c c c

cc&#(c

cc# c#c! cc&#(c c c

c  c c c c c c c c cc

+cCc#c c c#c c


c c 
c cc
c#c&(c  cc

 c  c" c&# (c  cc c


c c# c cc

3c"
c&(c  c c ccc#cc&(c c&(c

cc

0c  c5c&# (c c c3c B  c& (c   c c0c B  c c

& (c  c#  c c'c B  c #cc


c5c&(c c c

3%/*c& (c   c c& (c  c#  c c c5c& (c

 cc
c  
cc

'c4c #c=
c& (c c# c cH c&
(c c

1 cc cc
cc& (c c
cc"c& (c cc

& (c c# c


 #c cc
cc& c  (c c


cc"c& (c c cc& (c cc cc

 c Gcc


c

.c cc
cc

c c&
(c  cc c&(c

c c5c cc c c& 


c (c c5c

&c(c c c&#  (c c


c#cc c cc

)*ccc&c (c  cc8c8 c #cc# cc&(c

 cc8c >cc

LcLcLcLcLcLcLcLcLcLcLcLcc

))cc

= c  c cc cc

c cc  c cc c c c cc

8 cc  c cc cc

C cc c c cc c #Fc c

),cc

5B
c c c
cc c'  c

5B
c
cc c=c

5Bc
cc c8 c

5c
cc cc

5c#cc
cc c c

c
C c c c c c
cc Fc c

)/c

= cc#c
c cc

cc#c
c c cc


c c#c8 c# c cc

= c cc#c
c cc

!c
c c'  ccc

C cc cc c


Fc c

)-c

= cc  cc cc

c # c  cc cc

8 cc # c  cc cc

C c  c c Fc c

)+c

= ccc=
 #cc

c ccc=
 #cc

C ccc Fc c
"
c?c
' 48c
97 4 ;c:c6ccc c


%c

Rc I cspeakc c
Rc oc cspeakc Fc
Rc I cdo not speakc c

$
c1c c"
c?c' 
c

<" c)c4 c! c

<cc"
c?c ccc c c c  cc c c cc
 c cc c c c c c cc ccc c
c c c
 c5c c  cc
c c c c c c c c c c


%c

Rc 5cplaycc
Rc "cdoes not playcc
Rc oesccplaycFcc
Rc c cleavescc
c c'c!8c
Rc c cdoes not leavec c.c!8c
Rc Ccdoescc c cleaveFcc
Rc "c # cforgetsccc
Rc ccforgetscc# c
Rc c#c
cc ccirclescc"c
Rc oescc"ccirclecc Fc

<" c,c' c c >  c

c
c"
c?c c  c cc cc c c c# cc c
cc #c c#cccccc5cc c
  ccc cc c
 cc c5cc  cc c
c >  c  c c cc


%c

Rc $ clikec
 c
Rc cdo not likec
 c
Rc occlikec
 Fc
Rc $   ciscc!
 c
Rc $   cis notccc<cH
c
Rc C #carec
c c c
Rc C #care notc
c c# c
Rc @#cI  cisc c
cc


  
 
 c

<" c/c"c ccc@ c'c

" c    cc"


c?c c  c  ccccc c
ccc
c

c c#c  c  cc    ccc c


cc#c ccc c#cc


%c

Rc c cleavesc c c3c?8c


Rc ccdoes not arrivec c))c!8ccarrivesc c))c?8c
Rc Ccdoc#cboardcc Fc
Rc c cstartsc c'c B  c
Rc Ccdoesc cbeginc
 #Fc

<" c-c@ #c&@ $  c7(c

" c

ccc"
c?c ccc c c c  cc
 c cc c c #cc c cc c#c@ $  c7c
c c8c7c


%c
Rc 5camcc #c
Rc "cis notcc #c
Rc cneedsccc #c
Rc cdoes not needcc #c
Rc chascc  ccc cc
Rc oc chavec c  c#c Fcc

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I conlyc c c
Rc 2 c conlyc c Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc c c# c


ccleanscc c 
c
Rc c c# cc cis cleanedcc
c 
c

?c$  c


c
9
66 c:cc ;c


%c

Rc I care watchingc7c
Rc Arec cwatchingc7Fc
Rc I care not watchingc7cc
$
c1c c?c$  c' 
cc

<" c)c@ #c

c
<cc?c$  c#c@ 
c7c ccc c c
cc
 c #c ccc

c5c c  ccc c #c c
cc c
 c #c


%c

Rc I care learningc c #c


Rc I care not swimmingc #c
Rc Arec csleepingFc
Rc 5cam sittingc
Rc 5cam not standingc
Rc Isccsittingc cstandingFcc
Rc care readingcc c
Rc care not watchingc c
Rc C carec cdoingFc
Rc Ccaren'tc cdoingc c
#  Fc

<" c,c1 c! cc? c@ #cc

5c c  # c c
 %cc c  cc
cc ccc c
 c c"

c#ccc?c$  c c c c#c ccc c c
 c c c  c#ccc Dc #c#c
c cc cc cc
 c c


%c&!c ccc cc c#c ccc c  (c

Rc 5cam studyingc c


c c  c
Rc 5cam not studyingc c
c cc
Rc 5cam readingcc c !"#$% c
Rc 5cam not readingc c cc #c
Rc Arec cworkingc c c c c c#  Fc
Rc Aren'tc cteachingc ccc #Fc

<" c/c@ c'cc

c
"

c ccc?c$  c c c c
c#c c#c
 c ccc cc


%c

Rc 5cam meetingc
cc c#  c
Rc 5cam not goingc cc c c
Rc Isccvisitingcc cc# Fc
Rc Isn'tcccomingc#cc Fc

<" c-c4 c c5  c#c !#  cc

c?c$  c#c# cc c #  c c    ccc c


 c
c c c  c c c@ c cc
 cc c
"
c?cc#c c
 c4

c ccc# c #  c c
   c#c  c c : c


%c

Rc "cis always comingc c c c


Rc cis constantly talkingc5c#cc# ccc
Rc 5c Bc c
c ccare always complainingc

4 8 8 4c@ $  c76c8c7c


5cc
  c c

c c@ $  c7c  cccc c
  cc! c c   c
 c c8c7c  cc
cc  cc5 c cc?c$  c#ccc c

cc"
c?c


%c

Rc "cis lovingcc   cc


c = c
Rc "clovescc   cc
c= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c
Rc I c cstillc# c7c
Rc !c cstillc# c7Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc 4c #c
cis writingccc 
c

Rc 4c #cccis being writtencc


c 
c

"
c? c
c
97 4 :;c c ccc


%c

Rc I ccalledc2c
Rc idc ccallc2Fc
Rc I cdid not callc2c
$
c1c c"
c? c' 
cc

<" c)c$
c! ccc? cc

<cc"
c? c ccc c c c  c c cc c cc

ccc c"

cc c
c c  c
 ccc
cc
c c c cc
cc
c


%c

Rc 5csawc c
c c
Rc 5cdidn't seec c c c
Rc 1 c c5ctraveledc c=  c
Rc 1 c c5cdidn't travelc cH  c
Rc idc chavecc cFcc
Rc "cwashedcc c
Rc cdidn't washcc c
<" c,c!c"c c$
c! cc

Cccc"
c? c cc cc c
c  ccc cc  c
 c)c,c/c-c c c cc


%c

Rc 5cfinishedc#  cwalkedc cc c cfoundc cc c c#


c
Rc carrivedc
cc  c c'%**ccheckedc cc c c.%**c cmetcc c
c)*%**c
Rc idc caddc cpourccc
 c ccaddccFcc

<" c/c2  cc? cc

c"
c? c ccc#c c  c#c c c ccc c!c
  cc c c  c c cc cc %c c# c c cc

c c c c cc


%c

Rc 5clivedcc  >c c# c c


Rc "  cstudiedc=  c cc c
Rc csatc cc c c c
Rc cdid not stayc cc ccc
cc
Rc Cctalkedc cc c cc
c
Rc !%c #c cdidc cwaitc c
Fc
%cCcwaitedc c c c

<" c-c ccc? c

c"
c? c c  ccc cc c c#c ccc c5c c
 cc
c
 c c c  c c
cc c c#c c  c  c c c
#c c c cc %c # c c cc#c5c# c cc
#c5c# c ccc

%c

Rc 5cstudiedc'c#c5c# c cc
Rc cplayedcc c
Rc cdidn't playcc  cc
Rc idc cplayc c
 c
c#c c#c c Fcc
Rc "cworkedc cc
c c c c
Rc ccwentc c cc # cskippedc c

<" c+c? c' c c >  c

c"
c? c c  ccc cc c c c >  c#c c
 c cc!cc<" c-c  ccc cc"
c? ccc
 c cc
 c c  c


%c

Rc "cwascc c ccc #cccc  c


Rc cdidn't likec
 c cc
Rc idc clivecc c#c cwerec c Fc
Rc ? cpaidc
c
c c
cc c ccc cc

58? 4!@cC$ c c'c


$ c c c c# c#c c
 cc c c c
c
c"
c cc#cc# c # cc c #c5c c
c
 c c #c c  cc c c c# c cc c
c
  cc
c #c  c# c


%c

Rc ]hen I paid her one dollarcc #c


c c
Rc "c #c
c cwhen I paid her one dollarc

C c c


  c cc # c cc#c c c cc
c"
c? c c cc
c  c
 cc
c%cc5c cc c
  c ccc #c
c c5cc c
  c#c #c5c cc
c   cc ccc ccc c ccc ccc #c
c
c #c c cc
 c'cc #c
c c cc
5c cc c  c

%c

Rc 5c cc c  cwhen she answered my áuestionc

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I cjustc c2c
Rc 2c cjustc c2Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc 
crepairedcc c 
c

Rc c cwas repairedcc


c 
c

? c$  c


9# 6#c:cc ;c


%c

Rc I cwere studyingc#cc c


Rc ]erec cstudyingc#cc Fc
Rc I cwere not studyingc#cc cc

$
c1c c? c$  c' 
c

<" c)c5c! ccc? cc

<cc? c$  c c c c c c  ccc c# ccc
 cc c c c  ccc"
c? c4

cc cc c c
 c cc c cc
c


%c
Rc 5cwas watchingc7c#cc c
Rc Ccc c ccwas writingc cc
Rc Cc#cwere havingcccc c c c
Rc C cwerec cdoingc#cc  c Fcc
Rc 5cwas listeningc c
c? c c5cBc ccc  
cc
Rc I cwere not listeningc c
c#c5c c c ccc c c
Rc Cc= cwas sleepingc cc
 c cc c
Rc "

cwas waitingc cc#c#c c cc cc


Rc Cc5cwas writingcc
cc
cc#c c
Rc !%cC cwerec cdoingc#c c c cFc
%c5cwas snowboardingc

<" c,c"c
c c c5 cc

5c<" c)cc  cc? c$  cccc c c  ccc
"
c? c #c c c  cc cc
c c c c


%c

Rc 1 cc c3c?8c5cwas eatingcc


Rc !c
c#cwereccdrivingc ccc
Rc I c cc
c5cwas sittingc c
c c c#  cc

v 

5cc"
c? c cc
ccc c #c#c c  c c cc5c
c? c$  c cc
c ccc  c


%c

Rc 1 cc c3c?8c5catecc

  
 & c
Rc 1 cc c3c?8c5cwas eatingcc

  
'  &
 
  

 c

<" c/c?  c! cc

c
Cc ccc? c$  c#c# c  ccc
cccc
c c c c  c#c c cc
c
cc  c c  c


%c

Rc 5cwas studyingc#ccwas makingcc


Rc Cc cwas readingc
cwas watchingc c
Rc ]erec clisteningc#ccwas talkingFcc
Rc 5cwasn't payingc  c#c5cwas writingccc c5c
c c
 cc
Rc C cwerec cdoingc#c cwere waitingFcc
Rc 
cwasn't workingc c5cwasn't workingccc
Rc cwere eatingccdiscussingcc c chavingc c c
c

<" c-c!
c
5c c#c cc cc c  c  c ccc 
c c c
  c
ccc c


%c

Rc Cc5c#  c cc c c cwerecctypingc


cwere talkingc c
c cc cwas yellingc c c
cwere waitingc cc
c c
cwas yellingc c c c cwavingcc c cwere
complainingc c c c  cc cc

<" c+c4 c c5  c#c !#  cc

c? c$  c#c# cc c #  c c    ccc c


 c
c c c  c c ccc cc ccc

 c cc c c cc#c c
 c4

c ccc
# c #  c c    c#c  c c : c


%c

Rc "cwas always comingc c c c


Rc cwas constantly talkingcc  c c
Rc 5cBc c
c ccwere always complainingc

CccCcc
$ c c c c# c#c c
 cc c c c
c
c"
c cc#cc# c # cc c #cc  c c
#ccc
 c c cc#c # cc c #cc# c c c
#cc# c cCc c  c  cccc c # cc
c c
  #ccccc"
c? c# c # cc c  #cc? c
$  c C ccc c c c c
 c"cc
c #c
c c
 c
 ccc
 >cc c ccc


%c

Rc 5c# ccwhen she calledc


Rc ]hile I was studyingcc c

4 8 8 4c@ $  c7c6c8c7c


5cc
  c c

c c@ $  c7c  cccc c
  cc! c c   c
 c c8c7c  cc
cc  cc5 c cc? c$  c#ccc c
c
c"
c? c


%c

Rc = cwas beingc c
c c#c c c = c
Rc = cwasc c
c c#c c c= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


cccccc


%c

Rc I c#cjustcc#cc c
Rc Cc cjustcc#cc Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc c 
cwas helpingcc
c#ccc
c cc c 
c

Rc c
cwas being helpedccc 
c#ccc
c cc c
 
c

?c?c
' 48c
9 6 c:c c ;c


%c

Rc I chave seenc c
c
c
c
Rc
avec cseenc c
c
c
Fc
Rc I chave not seenc c
c
c
cc

$
c1c c?c?c' 
c

<" c)c<c
c  c@ #c

Cccc?c?c c c c c  c c c cc


c
 c #cc c
cc c
  cI c$!@@ ccc?c?c#c
c
c cc %c c c c  c c# c#c5c# c c
c#c5ccc=  c c c

c c c c ccCc$!@ccc
?c?c#cc cc %ccc c
c
c
 c
c c c c  cccc


%c

Rc 5chave seenc c
c#c
c
Rc 5c c5chave metc
c c c
Rc chave beenc
c  cc$   c
Rc ? chave traveledc cc8 c
Rc ? chave not traveledc c8 cc
Rc
avec creadcc cFcc
Rc @  chasccclimbedc c
 cc
Rc !%c
ascccbeenc c# ccc<c" Fc
%cIcchas beenc c# ccc<c" c

 #c2 cI c! c<cc?c?Fc


c c c c
 c ccc c c c c5ccc c
  c?c?c#cc  #c %c

 ?5$c)c c
I c ccc?c?c cc cc5cc c c 5c c
cc  cI c c  cccc c c c c cc c c
 ccc?c?cc@ cc cc ccc


%c

Rc 5chave beenc c' c



     
  

      
  
 c
Rc 5chave beenc c' cc
c
   
   c
Rc 5chaveccbeenc c' c

     
 
   c
Rc 5c c5chave seenc c
c c
Rc chascctraveledcc c
Rc = chas studiedc# c c  c
Rc !%c
avec ccmetc
Fc
%c@ c5chavec cmetc
c

 ?5$c,c$ c c


c
Cc ccc?c?c c  c  c c c c c c c c
c
c


%c

Rc I chave grownccc c


c5c #c c
Rc c 
chas becomec
ccc c  c
Rc =  chas becomec c cc
c  c c ccccc
! cc 
c# c c
Rc 8c chasc cimprovedcc5c
c c!  c

 ?5$c/c!

c
Cc ccc?c?c ccc 

c c c c

cI c  c
 c cc
c


%c

Rc 8 chas walkedc cc8 c


Rc c chas learnedc #c c c
Rc 2  chave curedc
c c c
Rc "chave splitcc 
c

 ?5$c-c!c<
c! cI c!c c
Cc ccc?c?c c c c c  c#c#cc c c
 c<cc?c?cc c#c cc# c cc  c c
 cc


%c

Rc =
chas not finishedcc
#  cc
Rc " chasn't masteredc=  ccc c

 c
Rc chasccnot arrivedc
Rc c chasn't stoppedc

 ?5$c+c8c! c c2c


c
Cc  ccc?c?c c  c  c cc  c#c c
ccc c cc
c?c?ccc cc c

c c
c  c c c


%c

Rc c 
chas attackedc ccc
c
Rc 5chave hadc c>>c ccc c cc
c
Rc Cchave hadc
c
 c 
c#c#  c cc c
Rc "chas talkedc c c c  cc 
cc  c  #c#ccc
 c


c  c#c?c?c
Cc#ccc?c?cc
 c c
c c c c
c c
c cc c #c4

cc c
cc  c cc c

  cc

"

c#c# c c
cc
c#c c cc c ccCc c c
c#c cc %ccc c# ccc c cc# cc
c c
 cc c #cc


%c

Rc
avec cbeenc c8 cin the last yearFc
Rc 5chave seenc c
cc
cin the last monthc
Rc chave hadcccin the last weekc
Rc "c  c
ccc cc c  c"chas workedc cc
c
 cso farc
Rc 8c chas brokenc #cc
cthis weekcc

v=

1 c  c c cc c  c cccc


 c 1 c  c
 cc
 c c #c ccc c cc
c#cc"
c? c 5cc
 c  c
 c
c/3+c c  cc #c5cc c c cc
c cc
c?c?cc


%c

Rc 5cwentc c8 clast yearc





    
 c

Rc 5chave beenc c8 cin the last yearc



  
     
 (&)    c

<" c,c2  c'


cc? c<c@ #c&@ $  c7(c

Cc@ $  c7c c   cc c8c7c#ccc


?c?c c #c c
c ccc c c c ccc
 #c ' cc
 c  c# c#  c c c  c c c  c#c
 ccc#cc?c?c


%c

Rc 5chave hadc c c c# c# c


Rc "chas beencc  c cc
c
Rc 8 chas lovedc   ccc# c ccc

! cc  cc c?c?cc 


c
c c@ $  c7c
c   cc c8c7cc# c  c #   c   c c  c
c

cccc# cc cc c@ c@ $  c7c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc

%c

Rc I c conlycc c
c c
c
Rc  c conlycc c
c c
Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc 8 c chave visitedc c c 


c

Rc  c chas been visitedcc


c c 
c

?c?c$  c


' 48c
9 6 c:cc:cc ;c


%c

Rc I chave been waitingcc c# c c


Rc
avec cbeen waitingcc c# c Fc
Rc I chave not been waitingcc c# c cc

$
c1c c?c?c$  c' 
c

<" c)c2  c


cc? c<c@ #c

Cccc?c?c$  c c #c c


c ccc c c
 c ccc #c ' cc
 c  c# c#  c c c  c c
c  c#c ccc#cc?c?c$  c


%c

Rc chave been talkingc cc c c


Rc "chas been workingc c c
 c cc c
Rc C chavec cbeen doingc cc c/*c
Fcc
Rc =
chas been teachingc cccc=c
Rc Cchave been waiting c c c# c Gcc
Rc Cchasc@ cnot been takingcc
c cc cc Fc

<" c,c4c1 c

I c c  ccc?c?c$  cC5 <c c  cc c  c# c


#  cC cc  ccc c c
c c
 c c   cCc
ccc# c   c c  c c
 >cc
 c


%c

Rc 4c5chave been feelingc cc


Rc "chas been watchingc c
c c c
Rc
avec cbeen e ercisingc Fcc
Rc 8 chas been feelingc ccc
Rc 1 chas not been practicingcc cc
Rc C chavec cbeen doingFcc

58? 4!@c
4

c cc?c?c$  c cc
 c c   c c
 c5c ccc?c?c$  cc c cc c  c c
cc F cc cc cc c c c c c!c c
c c  c cc
F c cc c c
cc
c cc
 c<cccc c cc c cc
c c ccc
c cc  c5cc c cc
 ccccc cc

4 8 8 4c@ $  c76c8c7c


5cc
  c c

c c@ $  c7c  cccc c
  cc! c c   c
 c c8c7c  cc
cc  cc5 c cc?c?c$  c#cc
c c
cc?c?c


%c

Rc "
chas been havingcc c c# c c = c
Rc "
chas hadcc c c# c c= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I c conlycc# cc c c c


Rc  c conlycc# cc c c Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc 4c= chas been doingcc#  c 


c

Rc 4cc#  chas been being donecc= c 


c

@  %c?c?c$  ccc

cccc c 
c

? c?c
' 48cc
9 c:c c ;c


%c

Rc I chad studiedc c c c


c c@#cI  cc
Rc
adc cstudiedc c c c
c c@#cI  Fc
Rc I chadc cstudiedc c c c
c c@#cI  cc

$
c1c c? c?c' 
c

<" c)c$
c! c  c"
ccc? c

c? c?ccc c c


c c c  c  cc
c c5c c  c #c c
c c c cc
ccc c


%c

Rc 5chadccseencc c c c c5c#c cH  c


Rc 5cc c c c
c c5chad lostc
c# c
Rc  c #c5 c c#c cchad visitedccc c
c
Rc
adc" ccstudiedc c cc
c c  Fc
Rc "c c cc
c cchad readcc c
Rc Hchadccbeenc c c  c c cc
Rc Cc#c c c cc c c
c c#chad not bookedcc  cc
Rc !%c
adc ccvisitedcc<"c c ccc,**3Fc
%cIc5chad beenc cc<"c c c

<" c,c2  c  c"


ccc? c&@ $  c
7(c

Cc@ $  c7c c


c   cc c8c7c#ccc
? c?c c #c c
c ccc c c ccc  c
 ccc c


%c

Rc Cchad hadc c c cc c cc c #c


Rc cc
c!ccccchad beencc1  c c cc c
Rc cc c  ccc c cchad ownedcc c
c c c
 c
! cc  cc c? c?cc 
c
c c@ $  c7c c 
  cc c8c7cc# c  c #   c   c c  c c

c
ccc# cc cc c@ c@ $  c7cc

58? 4!@c"c
c#cc? c?c

< c#cc?c?ccc c ccc


c# c c c#c
c? c?c! ccc ccc c c c


%c

Rc "chad visitedcc=  c c cc)../c cc


cc#c
cc
)..3c


5cc? c?c  cc c c cc


cc"
c? c ccc
 c cc? c?c#c   c c  ccccccc# c
  c c  c  cc c# c cc cc? c?cc   c
' cc  c cc #c c c


%c

Rc "chad visitedcc=  c c cc)../c cc


cc#c
cc
)..3c
Rc "cvisitedcc=  c c cc)../c cc
cc#c
cc
)..3c



5cc? c?cc cc c c  c c cc


c? c?cc c
  c$
 cc
c #cc? c?ccc c c  c c
c c c c  c c cc
c' cc  c"
c? c  c
ccc


%c

Rc "ccsawc c c cc


c c!  c = c
Rc "chadccseenc c c cc
c c!  c= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I c cpreviouslycc c c c


c c@#cI  cc
Rc  c cpreviouslycc c c c
c c@#cI  Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 cc

%c

Rc  chad repairedc
c c cccc
 Bcc 
c
Rc 8 c chad been repairedcc c cccc
 Bcc
 
c

? c?c$  c


' 48c
9 cc:cc ;c


%c

Rc I chad been waitingcc c


c c# c c#cc c c
Rc
adc cbeen waitingcc c
c c# c c#cc c Fc
Rc I chad not been waitingcc c
c c# c c#cc c cc

$
c1c c? c?c$  c' 
c

<" c)c2  c  c"


ccc? c

Cccc? c?c$  c c #c c


c ccc c c
 ccc  c
ccc c ' cc
 c c  c# c#  c c
 c  c#c ccc#cc? c?c$  c@ c ccc
 c cc?c?c$  Dc #cc  c c c cc
 #cc c c
cccc c


%c

Rc chad been talkingc c c c c c c c


Rc "chad been workingc c c
 c cc c#cc#c c cc
Rc  #c chadc cbeen waitingc cc ccFcc
Rc 8 c# c cc #c cchad been standingc c c c#  cc
Rc =
chad been teachingc ccc c
c c c c ccc c! c
Rc !%c #c chadc cbeen studyingc c c c
c c!  Fc
%c5chad not been studyingc cc cc

<" c,c$ c c"


ccc? c

c
<cc? c?c$  c c  c  ccc cc c c# c c
 #c c cc


%c

Rc =  c# cc cchad been joggingc


Rc "
c c#c cchad been overeatingc
Rc c cc cc cchad not been attendingc c

? c$  cc? c?c$  c


5c c c cc c  cc c  cc
 c  c# c#  c c c
'  c
c c c c ccc? c$  c c cc? c
?c$  c c c cc c cc
 c ccc
? c$  c
 >cc  c# c? c?c$  c

 >c c  c c
c c
ccc c"cc
c #c
 c cccc


%c

Rc c# cc ccwas e ercisingc c c



  
*  
   

   
 c
Rc c# cc cchad been e ercisingc c c

  
*  
    

 


 


  


    


 c

4 8 8 4c@ $  c7c6c8c7c


5cc
  c c

c c@ $  c7c  cccc c
  cc! c c   c
 c c8c7c  cc
cc  cc5 c cc? c?c$  c#ccc
 c
cc? c?c


%c

Rc c
 chad been belongingc c c c c c c cc 
= c
Rc c
 chad belongedc c c c c c c cc= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc

%c

Rc I c conlycc# cc c c#c


c#cc c
Rc  c conlycc# cc c c#c
c#cc Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc $c= chad been preparingcc  Bc  cc c# c c c
c
c c? c 
c
Rc c  Bc  cchad been being preparedcc$c= c c# c
 c cc
c c? c 
c

@  %c? c 
c cc? c?c$  c c c

c

"
c'c
"
c'c c# cc 
cc %c # c c c c  c! cc
# c 
c c

ccc  cc cc# cc
c
 ccc
 c
c
c c  c ccc#c

c c ccc#c
c c c # c c c c cc c
cc
cccc

' 48cCc
9#c:c;c


%c

Rc I cwill helpc
c c
Rc ]illc chelpc
c Fc
Rc I cwill not helpc
c cc

' 48c c c c


9
66 c:c c c:c;c


%c
Rc I care going to meetc= c c
Rc Arec cgoing to meetc= c Fc
Rc I care not going to meetc= c cc

$
c1c c"
c'c' 
c

<" c)c C c c c c7  c! c


C c cc c c c#c c
c  c!c  c  cc
cc c c c c c
 cc c#cc # c c c c

 cBc
 c cc ccCc  cc # c#c#cc c

 ccc c c c c
c cc"
 c#cc #c  c c
# B c#c#cc c  c c
cc


%c

Rc 5cwill send  cc 


 c#c5ccc
Rc 5cwill translatecc
c c8c"
c c ccc
Rc ]illc chelpc
c
cc c Fc
Rc ]illc cmakecFc
Rc 5cwill not doc c
#  c c c
Rc 5cwon't doc cc #  c
Gc
Rc !%c5B
c cc
%c5'll makec
c #c
Rc !%c5B
c cc5B
c  c c c c
%c5'll getc c
c c
Rc !%cc ccc
%c5'll getcc

<" c,c C c c c c?


c
C cc ccc
c


%c

Rc 5cwill callc c#c5c c


Rc 5c5c
cc?c cc<c" c5cwill makecc c c c c
c c c
Rc 5c
c5cwill not tellc
c  ccc c
Rc 2 Bc# c5'll bec c
Rc 5cwon't tellc  c cc

<" c/c c c c c c c? c


c c cc c
cc c c5ccc c c c c
c c c
cccc5c c c
c#cc cc c c
 cc


%c

Rc cis going to spendcc   cc # c


Rc "cis not going to spendcc   cc # c
Rc !%cCcarec#cgoing to meetc c c Fc
%cCcare going to meetc c3c?8cc
Rc 5'm going to bec c  c#c5c #cc
Rc 8cis going to beginc
 c cc cc
Rc care going to drivec cc# c c!  cc
Rc C carec cgoing to invitec cc Fcc
Rc !%cC cis going to makec= Bc c Fc
%c"cis going to makec= Bc c c

<" c-c C c c c c c c c c? c


c # c c c c c ccc c c c c c  cc
c? c cc  c# c
c cccc5c   c
ccc c cc  c ccc c c<" "c)/c
 c c c5cc  #c
ccc ccc
 c


%c

Rc c c,,,,cwill bec ccc c


Rc c c,,,,cis going to bec ccc c
Rc = c"
cwill beccc?c
Rc = c"
cis going to beccc?c
Rc c
c K cwill winc c! 
c!# c
Rc c
c K cis going to winc c! 
c!# c

58? 4!@c
5cc"
c'ccc c # c c#c<" cc c cc
c c
cc
c c c# c cc cBc
 c

@ c'cc
c$ c
1 c cc 
cc"
c'c  cccc cc#c
c
 cc %c#c#c c ccc
c c c cccc
5 c c"
c'c"
c?cccc

%c

Rc Cc cwill arrivec c#c#c c c cc = c


Rc Cc carrivec c#c#c c c cc= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I c#cnevercc
c
Rc Cc cevercc
Fc
Rc I c cneverc c c
c= c
Rc !c ceverc c c
c= Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc = cwill finishcc#  cc+%**c?8c 


c

Rc c#  cwill be finishedcc+%**c?8c 


c

Rc " cis going to makec c cc c 


c
Rc !c ccis going to be madecc" c c 
c

'c$  c


'c$  c c# cc 
%c #cc c c c c c cc  c
< c"
c'c 
c'c$  c 
c c c  c

' 48c'c$  c#c C c


9#cc:cc ;c


%c

Rc I cwill be waitingc cc#cc c c c


Rc ]illc cbe waitingc cc#cc c c Fc
Rc I cwill not be waitingc cc#cc c c c

' 48c'c$  c#c c c c c


9
66 c:c c cc:cc ;c


%c

Rc I care going to be waitingc cc#cc c c c


Rc Arec cgoing to be waitingc cc#cc c c Fc
Rc I care not going to be waitingc cc#cc c c c

4 8 8 4%c5cc c ccc # c c c c c c cc'c


$  c#cccc
 c

$
c1c c'c$  c' 
cc

<" c)c5c! ccc'c

<cc'c$  c c c c c c  cccc#cc


cc c c  cccc4

cc cc c c c c
c c cc
cc


%c

Rc 5cwill be watchingc7c#cc!%%+,$-c c


Rc 5cwill be waitingc c c#c cc!%%+,$-c
Rc 5cam going to be stayingc cc8  c cc cp!..$/-c c c/$$0c c
  c
c
Rc cwill be studyingc cc c c cc#c cc=c#cc!%%+,$-c

@ ccc
c  c cc c& !%1$0+/+2!3+4-(c cc"
c
?c c c"
c'ccc cc c cc
c c
c c  ccccc
c c

<" c,c"c
c c c5 ccc'c

5c<" c)cc  cc'c$  cccc c c  ccc


c5c  c cc c  c c c c c  cc cc

c c c c


%c
Rc  c c3c?8c5cam going to be eatingcc


 
  

 c
Rc !c
c c#cwillccbe drivingc ccc

 
 

 c

  

5cc"
c'c cc
ccc c #cc
c c  c#cc c
c5cc'c$  c cc
ccc  c


%c

Rc  c c3c?8c5cam going to eatcc



 
  
 & c
Rc  c c3c?8c5cam going to be eatingcc

 
  
 

 
  

 & c

<" c/c?  c! ccc'c

Cc ccc'c$  c#c# c  ccc


ccc
cc c c c  c#cc c cc
c
cc  c
c  c


%c

Rc 5cam going to be studyingc ccis going to be makingcc


Rc  ccwill be eatingccdiscussingcc c chavingc c c
c
Rc Cc c+-%$!0+/5c
cwill be watchingc c

ë
 
ë  
  

ë
 ë6  
  7c

<" c-c!
ccc'c
5c c#c cc cc c?  c! c cc 
c c cc
 cccc


%c

Rc Cc5c c cc c cis going to be celebratingc"


cwill be
dancingc care going to be talkingc!c#c cwill be eatingc>> c c
 c care going to be drinkingccc # c cc
cc

4 8 8 4c@ c'cc
c$ c
1 c cccc'c$  c  cccc cc#c

c cc %c#c#c c ccc
c c c ccc
c5 c c'c$  c?c$  cccc


%c

Rc Cc5cam going to be finishingc


c
#  ccc c c
cc 
= c
Rc Cc5cam finishingc
c
#  ccc c c
cc= c

!@2c4 8 8 4c@ $  c7c6c8c7c


5cc
  c c

c c@ $  c7c  cccc c
  cc! c c   c
 c c8c7c  cc
cc  cc5 c cc'c$  c#ccc c

cc"
c'c


%c

Rc = cwill be beingc c
c c#c c c = c
Rc = cwill bec c
c c#c c c= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I c#cstillcc# c cc#cc c c


Rc Cc cstillcc# c cc#cc c Fc
Rc I c cstillc c cc# c cc#cc c c
Rc !c cstillc c cc# c cc#cc c Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 cc

%c

Rc !c'%**c?8c c= cwill be washingccc 


c

Rc !c'%**c?8c cccwill be being washedcc= c 


c

Rc !c'%**c?8c c= cis going to be washingccc 


c

Rc !c'%**c?8c cccare going to be being washedcc= c 


c

@  %c? c 
c cc'c$  c c c

c
'c?c
'c?c c# cc 
%c #c c  c c c c c c  c
< c"
c'c 
c'c?c 
c c c  c

' 48c'c?c#c C cc


9#c c:c c ;c


%c

Rc I cwill have perfectedc c ccc


c c
c  c
cc<"c
Rc ]illc chave perfectedc c ccc
c c
c  c
cc<"Fc
Rc I cwill not have perfectedc c ccc
c c
c  c
cc<"c

' 48c'c?c#c c c c


9
66 c:c c c c:c c ;c


%c

Rc I care going to have perfectedc c ccc


c c
c  c
cc
<"c
Rc Arec cgoing to have perfectedc c ccc
c c
c  c
cc
<"Fc
Rc I care not going to have perfectedc c ccc
c c
c  c
cc
<"c

@  %c5cc c ccc # c c c c c c cc'c?c#c


c c ccc
 c

$
c1c c'c?c' 
cc

<" c)c$
c! c  c"
ccc'cc

c'c?ccc c c


c#c c c  c  c
ccc5c c  c #c c
c#c c c cc
ccc
c


%c
Rc cc@ 
c5cwill have receivedc
c
 c
Rc cc
cc5$2-c
ccis going to have cleanedccc c
Rc 5cam not going to have finishedcccc/c B  c
Rc ]illcchave learnedc c$c c

 c cc ,$-c c Fc


Rc "
cisc  cgoing to have completedcc   ccc
cc3$!,$-cc
 c
Rc cc
c5c`+/+-pcc c5cwill have takencccc
Rc  #c
c carec cgoing to have visitedccc
c c28%/c+*Fc

@ ccc
c  c ccc c& !%1$0+/+2!3+4-(c cc"
c
?c c c"
c'ccc cc c cc
c c
c c  ccccc
c c

<" c,c2  c  c"


ccc'c&@ $  c
7(cc

Cc@ $  c7c c


c   cc c8c7c#ccc
'c?c c #c c
c#c ccc  c  cccc


%c

Rc 5cwill have beencc1  c cc


ccc
c5c c
Rc c8  c" cis going to have hadc
c c c c# c

! cc  cc c'c?cc 


c
c c@ $  c7c
c   cc c8c7cc# c  c #   c   c c  c
c

cccc# cc cc c@ c@ $  c7c

4 8 8 4c@ c'cc
c$ c
1 c cc 
cc'c?c  cccc cc#c
c
 cc %c#c#c c ccc
c c c cccc
5 c c'c?c?c?cccc


%c

Rc 5c
c c cc c
c#c5cwill have finishedc
c
#  c = c
Rc 5c
c c cc c
c#c5chave finishedc
c
#  c= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I c#conlyc c c c#c# c


Rc Cc conlyc c c c#c# Fc
Rc I c conlyc c c c c c#c# c
Rc !c conlyc c c c c c#c# Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc cwill have completedcc c cc c 


c

Rc c cwill have been completedc cc c 


c

Rc care going to have completedcc c cc c 


c
Rc c cis going to have been completedc cc c 
c

'c?c$  c


'c?c$  c c# cc 
%c #c cc c c c c
 c c cc  c< c"
c'c 
c'c?c$  c
 
c c c  c

' 48c'c?c$  c#c C cc


9#c cc:cc ;c


%c

Rc I cwill have been waitingc c


c c# c c#cc c c c
Rc ]illc chave been waitingc c
c c# c c#cc c c Fc
Rc I cwill not have been waitingc c
c c# c c#cc c c c

' 48c'c?c$  c#c c c c


9
66 c:c c c cc:cc ;cc


%c

Rc I care going to have been waitingc c


c c# c c#cc c c
c
Rc Arec cgoing to have been waitingc c
c c# c c#cc c c
Fc
Rc I care not going to have been waitingc c
c c# c c#cc c
 c c

@  %c5cc c ccc # c c c c c c cc'c?c


$  c#cc c ccc
 c

$
c1c c'c?c$  c' 
cc

<" c)c2  c  c"


ccc'cc

Cccc'c?c$  c c #c c


c#c ccc c
  cc c
cccc ' cc
 c  c# c#  c c c
'  c c c  c#c ccc#cc'c?c$  c@ c
 ccc c cc?c?c$  c cc? c?c$  Dc
 #c#c'c?c$  cc  c c c c c cc
 cccc


%c

Rc cwill have been talkingc c c c ccc


c
c!%%+,$-c
Rc "cis going to have been workingc c c
 c cc c#cc c
43-$-c
Rc =
cwill have been teachingc ccc c
c c c ccc
cc
3$!,$-c c! c
Rc  #c cwillc chave been studyingc#c c5%!08!2$Fc
Rc Ccare going to have been drivingc c cc c c#c#c5$2c c
!  cc
Rc !%cCc c`+/+-pc c c cwillc chave been livingcc@#cK  c c
c c Fc
%c@ c5cwill not have been livingcc c cc

@ ccc
c  c ccc c& !%1$0+/+2!3+4-(c cc"
c
?c c c"
c'ccc cccc cc
c
 c c c  ccccc
c c

<" c,c$ c c"


ccc'c

c
<cc'c?c$  c c  c  ccccc c c# c c
 #c c cc


%c

Rc =  c#ccc#ccc
c ccwill have been joggingc c c c
 c
Rc $  Bc c#ccc#ccc c
c ccis going to
have been studyingc ccc<c" c c c# c c

'c$  cc'c?c$  cc


5c c c cc c  cc c  cc
 c  c# c#  c c c
'  c
c c c c ccc'c$  c c cc
'c?c$  c c c cc c cc
 c cc
c'c$  c
 >cc  c# c'c?c
$  c
 >c c  c c
c c
cccc"cc

c #c c cccc


%c

Rc c#ccc ccwill be e ercisingc c c



  
* 
 
  
 

   

 c
Rc c#ccc ccwill have been e ercisingc c c

  
* 
 
  
  

 


 


 

 

   

 

 c

4 8 8 4c@ c'cc
c$ c
1 c cc 
cc'c?c$  c  cccc c
c#c
c cc %c#c#c c ccc
c c
 c cccc5 c c'c?c$  c?c?c
$  cccc


%c

Rc I c# Bcc c


 cc cwill have been workingcc c c c
c 
= c
Rc I c# Bcc c
 cc chave been workingcc c c c
c= c

!@2c4 8 8 4c@ $  c7c6c8c7c


5cc
  c c

c c@ $  c7c  cccc c
  cc! c c   c
 c c8c7c  cc
cc  cc5 c cc'c?c$  c#ccc
 c
cc'c?cc


%c

Rc @cwill have been having cBcc c c# c c = c
Rc @cwill have had cBcc c c# c c= c

!27 4 c?1!$ 8 @c


c
c #c #cc 
c c

c cc %c # c c


ccccc


%c

Rc I c#conlyc cc# c c c#c


c#cc c c
Rc Cc conlyc cc# c c c#c
c#cc c Fc
Rc I c conlyc c c cc# c c c#c
c#cc c c
Rc !c conlyc c c cc# c c c#c
c#cc c Fc

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc c
c cwill have been paintingcc
 c c cc
ccc
cc
cc 
c
Rc c
 cwill have been being paintedccc
c c c cc
cc
c
cccc 
c
Rc c
c cis going to have been paintingcc
 c c cc
ccc

cccc 
c
Rc c
 cis going to have been being paintedccc
c c c cc

ccc
cccc 
c

@  %c? c 
c cc'c?c$  c c c

c

<c c
' 48c
9c c:c7 4 ;c


%c

Rc 5cused to goc cc cc c


5ccc c cc c cc c c c 
Dc #ccc


c cc 
c c c5ccc c  c c c c
 ccc"
c? c

<" c)c ccc? c

<c ccc c c


c# c c c c c ccc c5c
 c c
c# c c ccc cccc c c c #c


%c

Rc =cused to studyc c


Rc "
c c8 cused to goc c8 ccc

c
Rc 5cused to startc#  c c.c B  c
Rc $cused to eatc
 cc #ccc c  c

<" c,c? c' c c >  c

<c c c  ccc c  c  c c c c >  c#c c c


 cc


%c

Rc 5cused to livecc? c


Rc "  cused to be fatcc #cccc
Rc  cused to beccccc cc #c1 cccc
Rc  cused to costcccc'  cc #cc ccc

<c cc"
c? c
c"
c? c c <c c ccc cc c c c c c
 c >  Dc #c c ccc#c
 >cc 
c c
 c cc cc cc c c#c  c c c

c cc"
c? ccc


%c
Rc I cused to playcc  c
Rc idc cplaycc  c#c c#c Fc
Rc I cdid not playcc  c#c c#c c

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc =cused to payccc 
c

Rc ccused to be paidcc=c 
c

8 c! c!c6c? c' 


c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"c


Rc ? c4 c"
c? c <c c c C c!#  c

C c!# c
' 48c
9# c # c:c7 4 ;c


%c

Rc I cwould always takec c c#c c#c c#c cc c


Rc ]ouldc calways takec c c#c c#c c#c cc Fc
Rc I cwould not always takec c c#c c#c c#c cc c

<" c)c ccc? cc

1 c c c c"
c? c # c #  ccc c c
c# c
c c c#c ccc c5c c c c  c# c c ccc
 cccc c c c #c< c c c c"
c? c # c #  c
c c
 c#c c c# c c

cc   c
c

c cc c5c  c ccc c# c
c ccc
 c c#c c c # c c c c c
 ccc
c
cc cc #cc cc


%c
Rc "cwould always sendc
c c cc
Rc "
c c8 cwould always choosecc
c c   c  c
Rc " cwould not always arrivec c c c"c
c c c c#cc
Rc @cwould always showcc c c c# c cc
Rc 8cwould not always walkc c c"

cc cccc
Rc $cwould always comec c cc
c
Rc =cwould never payc c c#c#c#c c c#c cc


 


  
 cc

4 8 8 4c C c!#  cc2c
C c #  cc c cc
c c c c cc"
c? c C c #  c
  ccc c  c  c c c c >  c5c c ccc c
 c  c


%c

Rc "  cwasccc #cccc  c= c


Rc "  cused to beccc #cccc  c= c
Rc "  cwould always beccc #cccc  c = c

' 
c4 c c C c!#  c
5c  c c # c #  c c c cc # c   c # c
 c # c  c c
c #  c! cc c 
c #  cc ccc
 cc cc c cc c#c cc 
cc cc
$   c c'ccc? c"
 c c cc # c  c # c
    c c # c
c ccc c c c  c# c c c
 cc


%c

Rc =cwould comec cc cc# cc


Rc =cwould constantly bringccc cc cc
Rc =cwould often bringcccc cc cc
Rc =cwould occasionally bringcc c c cc cc
Rc =cwould seldom bringccc cc cc
Rc =cwould never bringcc c c cc c

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc 8c
cwould always make cc 
c
Rc ccwould always be made c
c
c 
c

8 c! c!c6c? c' 


c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"c


Rc ? c4 c"
c? c <c c c C c!#  c

'ccc? c
1 c"
c'c'ccc? c c# cc 
cc %c #  c c
# c c  c! cc# c 
c c

ccc  cc
cc# cc
 c

' 48cC c


9# c:c7 4 ;c


%c

Rc 5c #c cwould helpc


c
Rc 5c #c cwould not helpc
cc

' 48cC 6Cc c c


9# 6#c:c c c:c7 4 ;c


%c

Rc 5c #c cwere going to goc cc c


Rc 5c #c cwere not going to goc cc c

<" c)c'cc? c

'ccc? ccc ccc c ccc c c c


c
# c cccc5c c c
cc c c c c c'ccc
? c  #cc
c cc cc"
c'c C  ccc c c c

c c # c c ccc c c8  c c 
c ccc c
c
 c  ccc

%c

Rc 5c c ccwas going to comec cc c c

Rc 5c #c=cwould makecc   


 cc

Rc = c c"
cwas going to bringccc#c
ccc
c  c c

Rc 5c c cc cc   cwas going to bec c c



cc
Rc c
ccwould sendc c  c
c c
c

4 8 8 4c@ c'cc
c$ c
1 c cc 
c'ccc? c  cccc cc#c
c
 cc %c#c#c c ccc
c c c cccc
5 c cc'ccc? c c
cc"
c? cc


%c

Rc 5c  c c8  c c#ccwould arrivec#c# c c c cc = c
Rc 5c  c c8  c c#ccarrivedc#c# c c c cc= c

!$57 c6c?!""57 c

%c

Rc 5c #c= cwould finishcc#  cc+%**c?8c 


c

Rc 5c #cc#  cwould be finishedcc+%**c?8c 


c

Rc 5c c" cwas going to makec c cc 


c

Rc 5c c c ccwas going to be madecc" c 


c

8 c! c!c6c? c' 


c

A 4$5" "c!@2c4 1! 2c ?5$"c


Rc 'ccc? c cc

c c7c
 c ccccc ccc
c
  c c c c
@ c c cc cc
c cc cc cc %c
@ 
c7c@ $  c7c c8c7c

 c5c@ 
c7c
8 cc c @ 
c7 ccc c c c  c#c c c
c
 c ccc cccc cc

  


 cc c#  c c c cc c c c c c cc


%c

Rc 5ceatccc c
Rc 5cam eatingcc #c

 c55c@ $  c7c


c c c c @ $  c7 cc
ccc c c
c c  cc
 c ccc c ccc  c
cc%c





 cc c# c c c c


c cc c c c  c c #c cc

  


 c c c #c c c

  


 c c c c c c c c c c cc c


c


%c

Rc cis needingcc #c = c


Rc cneedscc #c= c
Rc cis wantingc c c #c = c
Rc cwantsc c c #c= c

 c555c8c7c
cc c c 8c7 ccc
c ccc c
c
 c c
 c5c c# c c
 cc ccc"
c
 c c
 c @ $  c7 c#c c
 c c c @ 
c7 c



 c  c cc c c c c c c cc c#cc

   
      

 c  %c

Rc 2  cappearsc c/ /2+/88-$%9c


   c
Rc 8c  ccis appearingc cc >>cc c% !3$%9c
 




     **  
 c

 c %c

Rc 5chavec c  c #c/ /2+/88-$%9c



   c
Rc 5cam havingcc #c% !3$%9c

 

 c

 c %c

Rc "chearscc
c/ /2+/88-$%9c
 

  c
Rc "cis hearingc c% !3$%9c
 
   
 



 c

 c %c

Rc @ clookscc/ /2+/88-$%9c

 c
Rc '  cis lookingc ccc% !3$%9c

 

 c

 c
%c

Rc = cmissesc" c/ /2+/88-$%9c



   
 c
Rc 2cis missingcc  c7c 
c% !3$%9c

 
  c

 c%c

Rc 5cseecc/ /2+/88-$%9c


 c
Rc 5cam seeingcc  c% !3$%9c

 


  

   6 

   7c
Rc 5cam seeingcc% !3$%9c

  
  


 c
Rc cis seeingc c cc% !3$%9c

       


 c

 c
%c

Rc c csmellsc c/ /2+/88-$%9c


    c
Rc 5cam smellingcc #c% !3$%9c

 

  
 

 c

 c %c

Rc c ctastesc c/ /2+/88-$%9c


     c
Rc 5cam tastingcc c% !3$%9c

 
  
 
 c

 c %c

Rc cthinkscccc c/ /2+/88-$%9c


 
   c
Rc "cis thinkingc  cc c% !3$%9c







 c

 c#%c

Rc c cweighsc c c/ /2+/88-$%9c


 
  c
Rc "cis weighingcc% !3$%9c




 c

r 
=    =  

 c%c

Rc = cisc!
 c/ /2+/88-$%9c

  


* c
Rc = cis beingcc!
 c% !3$%9c

  

 
 
 c
Rc = cis beingccc% !3$%9c

  
   
 c
Rc = cis beingcc 
c% !3$%9c

  
   
 c
@ 5$ %c c cc  c ccc c  c 
ccc
c

c c
#c c cc
  c c c c  c5c c  ccc
#c
 Bc  cc  cc

 c%c

Rc c
 cfeelsc c/ /2+/88-$%9c
      

c
Rc 5cdon't feel #c  c $2+ $-8-$0!-/ /2+/88-$%9c

  
 
 c
5cam not feelingc#c  c $2+ $-8-$0!-% !3$%9c

  
 
 c

@ 5$ %cc c


 c c  cccc ccc c ccc

 c#c 5c Bcc#c   c c 5c


c cc#c   c

!c6c? c7c' 
c
"c cc c c c cc  c c c 
 c c
 c 
 cI c
c c c >ccc cc c
c

!c' 
cc
5c cccc cc  cccc ccc cc
ccc  ccc c8 cc c c

9c c  ;c:c9;c:c9cc  ;c


%c

? c' 
cc
5c cccccc  cccc ccc c
cc cc  cc   cc ccc cccI c c
cc c 
cc c c ccccc  cc
c
  c c
 cc
 >cI c c  ccc c 
cc c c c  #c# cc
 cc  c cc c c c# c c
 c# cc cc  c

9cc  ;c:c9;c:c9 c c c;c:c9;c:c9c c  ;c


%c

!c6c? c #c

cc !c ? c

"
c c c# c
ccleanscc cc c c# cc
?c  cis cleanedcc

c

?c 4c #c"  cis writingccc 4c #ccc


$  c is being writtencc
"  c

"
c "
crepairedcc cc c cwas
? c repairedcc"
c

? c c 


cwas helpingcc
c#ccc c
cwas
$  c 
c cc c being helpedccc
 
c#cc
c
c cc
 c

?c 8 c chave visitedc c c  c chas been


?c visitedcc
c
 c

?c 4c= chas been doingcc#  c 4cc#  c


?c has been being
$  c donecc= c

? c  chad repairedc


c c cccc 8 c chad been
?c
 Bcc repairedcc c
 ccc
c
 Bc
c

? c $c= chad been preparingcc  Bc c  Bc


?c   cc c# c c cc
c c? c   cchad
$  c been being
preparedcc$c
= c c# c c
 cc
c c
? cc

"
c "
 cwill finishcc#  cc+%**c?8c c#  cwill be
'c finishedcc+%**c?8c

c

"
c " cis going to makec c cc c !c ccis
'c going to be madec

c c" c c

'c !c'%**c?8c c= cwill be washingccc !c'%**c?8c c


$  c ccwill be

c being washedcc
= cc

'c !c'%**c?8c c= cis going to be washingcc !c'%**c?8c c


$  c c ccare going

c to be being washedc
c= c
'c cwill have completedcc c cc c cwill have
?c  c been completedc

c  cc c

'c care going to have completedcc c c c cis going
?c c cc to have been

c completedc c
c c

'c c
c cwill have been paintingcc
 c c c
 cwill have
?c cc
ccc
cccc been being paintedc
$  c cc
c c

c  c cc
c
cc
ccc
c

'c c
c cis going to have been paintingcc c
 cis going
?c
 c c cc
ccc
cccc to have been being
$  c paintedccc

c 
c c c c
c
ccc

cccc

<c cc =cused to payccc ccused to be


paidcc=c

C c 8c
cwould always make cc ccwould
!# c always be made c

c
c

'cc 5c #c= cwould finishcc#  cc+%**c?8cc 5c #cc#  c


c? c would be finishedc
 cc c+%**c?8cc

'cc 5c c" cwas going to makec c cc 5c c c c
c? c  cc cwas going to
 
 be madecc" c
c  c

'ccc? c
c c
<c c #Bcc

c ccc cc

c
PART Acc

 $`2p$-$/2$/4$-9$3"!%$828%$+/2p$!-2!/0- $!%$$:! .3$-`2p$%


,$%9`% -"p+4p31-+ +3!%982p!,$$/2+%$3#0+``$%$/2 $!/+/5- 
0$/2+`#"p+4p
-$/2$/4$-!%$828%$+/2p$!-2!/0"p+4p!%$/2 
`#8!%$4/`8-$0522p$
828%$+/2p$!-2!5$ cc
ccc

A!8?1 %cc

!(c"c c
cc# ccccc
(c"c# c
ccc c
ccc
ccc

)cc# c # c c cc c#cc# c c cc

,cc #cc# c c c c cc cc

/c"c# c ccc c c


cc

-c"
c cc# c#cc cc

+c2  c
 c cc# c c c c c # c c   cc

3c=c# c c cc c#c5c cc

0c=c# c c c c cc c#c5c c

'c"c# c # c c c c cc

.c"c# c # c c c c cc

)*c8c c #c5c# c c c c cc

))c" c  cc5c# c c c c c c cc

),c5c c"c5c# c cc#c


cc c#  cc
)/c5c c"c5c# c c c cc#c
cc c#  cc

)-cCc5c#  cc#c#c # c c  c 


cc

)+cC cc # c cc c c#c#c


c c cc

'ccc? c
c
!#c
PART Acc

)cc# c # c c cc c#cc# c c cc


ccc@ c&cc? c$  c<" c+(cc

,cc #cc# c c c c cc cc


cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

/c"c# c ccc c c


cc
ccc@ c&cc?c< c$   (cc

-c"
c cc# c#cc cc
cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

+c2  c
 c cc# c c c c c # c c   cc
cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

3c=c# c c cc c#c5c cc


cccI "c&'ccc? cc
 cc c c   cc c(cc

0c=c# c c c c cc c#c5c cc


cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

'c"c# c # c c c c cc


ccc@ c&cc C c!#  (c
c
.c"c# c # c c c c cc
ccc@ c&cc? c$  c<" c+(cc

)*c8c c #c5c# c c c c cc


cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

))c" c  cc5c# c c c c c c cc


cccI "c&'ccc? (cc
),c5c c"c5c# c cc#c
cc c#  cc
cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

)/c5c c"c5c# c c c cc#c


cc c#  cc
cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

)-cCc5c#  cc#c#c # c c  c 


cc
ccc@ c&cc? c$  c<" c+(cc

)+cC cc # c cc c c#c#c


c c cc
cccI "c&'ccc? (cc

? c
c
4 c c
<c c #Bcc

c
 ccc cc

PART Acc

 $`2p$-$/2$/4$-9$3"4/2!+/4 /,$%9`%  +-2!1$- +/02p$


-$/2$/4$-"+2p$%%%-!/04%%$422p$ 8-+/5$+2p$%ë+ .3$!-2ëë-$02ë%ë830
3"!#- ë
`#8!%$4/`8-$0522p$+ .3$!-2!5$2p$ë-$02ë!5$%2p$
ë830 3"!#-ë!5$ cc

A!8?1 %cc

ccccccccccc8-$02cc
!(c5c# c # cc c c ccc
c
c
ccc

)cCc5c# c cc5c c


c c cc
ccc

,c"c# c # cc c#cc# c cc


ccc

/c5cc c c cc c cc


ccc

-c8 c c c ccc c c c c ccc


ccc
+c=
c# c # c c cc
  cc c# cc
ccc

3cc=c # cc c cc c


cc #cc#c ccc
ccc

0c=
c# c # c c c c#cc# c ccc #cc c c cc
ccc

'c1  c# c # c c c cc#c#c#c cc


ccc

.c5cc c  c


c  #c<cc)..,cc
ccc

)*cc# c  c


  c
cc  cc cc cc
ccc

))cc# cc c#ccc cc#c


cc
ccc

),ccc cc c#ccc cc#c


cc
ccc

)/ccc c#ccc cc#c


cc
ccc

)-c5cc cc cc5c c c c c#ccc cc


ccc

)+c5c# c # cc cc5c c c c c#ccc c


c
ccc
c

? c4 c cc

!#c
PART Acc

)cCc5c# c cc5c c


c c cCorrectcc
cccccccccc8-$029$"!-cc
,c"c# c # cc c#cc# c cc
ccc

ccccccccccc"$/2cc
/c5cc c c cc c cc
ccc

-c8 c c c ccc c c c c ccCorrectcc

ccccccccccccccccccccccccp!0cc
+c=
c# c # c c cc
  cc c# cc
ccc

3c=c # cc c cc c


cc #cc#c cc
Correctcc

cccccccccccccc8-$02p!,$p!0cc
0c=
c# c # c c c c#cc# c ccc #cc c c cc
ccc

'c1  c# c # c c c cc#c#c#c cCorrectcc

cccccccccccc5%!08!2$0cc
.c5cc c  c
c  #c<cc)..,cc
ccc

)*cc# c  c


  c
cc  cc cc cCorrectcc
ccc

))cc# cc c#ccc cc#c


cCorrectcc
ccc

),ccc cc c#ccc cc#c


cCorrectcc
ccc

)/ccc c#ccc cc#c


cCorrectcc
ccc

)-c5cc cc cc5c c c c c#ccc cCorrectcc

ccccccccccccc8-$02"!-cc
)+c5c# c # cc cc5c c c c c#ccc cc
ccc