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21306 Marine Design

# 21306 Marine Design

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11/07/2015

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The power needed for propulsion is the aggregate effect of a number of components
which can be considered in three groups as follows: -

a) Those affecting Hull Resistance, that is the force which must be applied to push or
pull the hull through the water at the required speed. The product of Hull Resistance
(R) and speed through the water (V) is called the Effective Power (PE).

b) Those affecting the conversion of torque into useful thrust which determine the
power to be delivered to the propeller. The product of 2π times Shaft Torque (Q) and
Revs per second is known as the Delivered Power (PD). PD is related to PE by the
Quasi- Propulsive Coefficient (Q.P.C.)

c) The loss of power during its transmission from the engine to the propeller. The
Shaft Power (PS) of the installation is related to PD by the transmission efficiency ηt.

As Shaft Power is usually measured aft of the thrust block there may be a small
correction for this and for any power lost in gearing in order to arrive at the Installed Brake
Power required from the engine.

A further correction may be required to adjust the engine manufacturer's figure of
Brake Power (Test Bed) for differences in air and water temperatures and losses in the air
intake and exhaust gas systems between Test Bed and Service conditions.

Marine Design

57

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September 2005

Thus PS = PE /( QPC × ηt )

where PD = PE / QPC and PS = PD / ηt

The following empirical relationship, known as Emerson’s formula, is often used to
estimate the value of the Quasi-Propulsive Coefficient of a single screw ship:

QPC = 0.85 - ( √ L × N ) / 10000

Where L is the length of the ship in metres
and N is Revs per minute of the propeller.

ηt takes typical values of 0.99 for aft end machinery
and 0.98 for amidships machinery

The losses in a the thrust block should be less than 1% of the power transmitted.

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