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21306 Marine Design

21306 Marine Design

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Published by: DEEPAK on Nov 27, 2010
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The life of a ship may be divided into two distinct parts: -

The period of Construction
The period of Operation.

The owner is most concerned with the second period but the Naval Architect is more

concerned with the first.

The first period can be further divided into two stages: -


Naval Architects are concerned in both stages but the Designer is most involved in the

first stage.

The actual design process is not a single activity but for most ships consists of three or

four distinct phases: -

Basic Design


Concept Design


Feasibility Design

Contract Design

Contract Design

Detailed Design

Detailed Design

The three or four phases are conveniently illustrated in the Design Spiral as an
iterative process working from owner's requirements to a detailed design. Three sample
design spirals are shown (Buxton, Taggart and Rawson & Tupper). Taggart shows the process
starting at the outside of the spiral, where many concept designs may exist, and converging in
to the single, final, detailed design. Rawson & Tupper and Buxton show the process starting
at the centre of the spiral where very little information is known and proceeding outwards to
represent the ever increasing amount of information generated by the design process. In either
representation it is clear that a series of characteristics of the ship are guessed, estimated,
calculated, checked, revised etc. on a number of occasions throughout the design process in
the light of the increased knowledge the designer(s) have about the ship.

The analogy of the Design Spiral can be extended to demonstrate the passage of time
as the design progresses. If a time axis is constructed at the centre of one of the figures
perpendicular to the plane of the paper then as time passes between successive activities so
the spiral is traced out on the surface of a cone.

This class deals essentially with only the basic (or preliminary) design process which
is considered to be completed when the characteristics of the ship which will satisfy the
requirements given by the owner have been determined.

Marine Design



September 2005

Marine Design



September 2005

Contract design involves the preparation of contract plans and specifications in
sufficient detail to allow an accurate estimate of the cost and time of building the ship to be
developed. It is at this point that the decision to go ahead and build the ship can be taken.

The detailed design stage is devoted to the preparation of detailed working drawings,
planning schedules, material and equipment lists etc. from which the production workforce
actually build the ship. Detailed design, itself, is often broken down into three parts -
Functional Design where each of the systems which contribute to the operation of the vessel
are designed for function and performance on a ship-wide basis, Transition Design which
groups all the systems present in a single constructional zone of the ship and integrates them
to develop the most efficient manufacturing approach and Detailing or Work Instruction
Design which translates the design intent into clear, complete and accurate ordering or
manufacturing information in the format and timescale required by the shipbuilding process.

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