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“Effect of replacement of Sorghum grain energy with Babul pods on

in vitro nutrient utilization”.

Mayank Tandon and S. N. Rai*


Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, NDRI, Karnal, Haryana.

Abstract

Sorghum grain in concentrate mixture was replaced with Babul pods (Acacia nilotica) at
0, 40, 60, 80 and 100 % levels of energy and a TMR was prepared using concentrate to
roughage ratio of 50: 50 with green oat and wheat straw (33:17). Inclusion of sorghum
grain was 20% in the concentrate at zero percent replacement level, while it was 12, 8, 4
and 0 % in the concentrate at 40, 60, 80 and 100 % replacement levels. Various TMRs
were evaluated for chemical composition, in vitro dry matter and organic matter
digestibility as well as gas production over 48 h. The organic matter for different TMRs
ranged from 85.55 to 88.73 percent in various levels of replacement with babul pods. The
crude protein contents for TMRs were between13.25 to 14.35 percent, while crude fibre
content was 20.24 to 24.53 percent. Ether extract percent was in the range of 2.8 to 3.35
in TMRs. NDF content was 59.59 to 61.82 percent, while ADF content was between
35.96 to 39.08 percent respectively for 0, 40, 60, 80 and 100 % replacement levels in
TMRs. The in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility at 0, 40, 60, 80 and 100 %
replacement level in TMRs were as 52.60, 57.25, 54.97, 50.67 and 49.98 percent, and
56.03, 62.44, 59.17, 57.08 and 55.25 percent respectively. Total gas production of various
TMRs during 48 h were 186.07, 217.67, 204.85, 200.15 and 189.34 ml/g TMR and the
rate of gas production (ml/h/g) was 3.87, 4.53, 4.26, 4.17 and 3.94 respectively for 0, 40,
60, 80 and 100 % replacement levels of sorghum. The IVDMD values differed
significantly between control and 40 % energy replacement while other values remained
similar to each other. It is concluded that Sorghum grain energy can be replaced at 100
percent level with Babul pods energy without affecting nutrient utilization.

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* snr1950@yahoo.com (Dr. S.N. Rai)

Reference :
Mayank Tandon and S. N. Rai. 2007. Effect of replacement of Sorghum grain energy
with Babul pods on in vitro nutrient utilization. International Tropical Animal Nutrition
Conference, 4-7 October, 2007, held at NDRI, karnal, India. pp- 14.