1

Digestion, Absorption and Metabolism of proteins
The dietary proteins are formed by long chains of amino acids bound together by peptide linkages

Diet containing protein are
Wheat Milk Egg Meat Glutenin, gliadin Casein, albumin, lactalbumin and myosin Albumin and vitelin Collagen, albumin and myosin

Digestion of proteins
The enzymes responsible for digestion of proteins are called proteolytic enzymes

Mouth Stomach

- No digestion - Pepsin is the only proteolytic enzymes in gastric juice Rennin is also present in gastric juice But rennin is absent in human - Most of the proteins are digested in SI by photolytic enzymes

SI

Pancreatic juice - Trypsin, chymotrypsin and carboxy poptidases
These break down the bonds of the protein molecules

Succus Entericus -DI, tri and amino peptidases Absorption of protein
The final products of protein digestion are the amino acids which are absorbed into blood from intestine The levo amino acids are actively absorbed by means of sodium co- transport, whereas the dextro amino acids are absorbed by means of facilitated diffusion It contains di, tri , amino peptidases

2 .

3 - DIGESTION OF PROTEINS AREA JUICE ENZYME SUBSTRATE END POINT MOUTH STOMACH SALIVA GASTRIC JUICE NO PEPSIN TRYPSIN CHYMO TRYPSIN PROTEOLYTIC PROTEINS ENZYME PROTEOSES PEPTONES PROTEOSES PEPTONES DI. TRI & POLYPEPTIDES PANCREATIC JUICE SMALL INTESTINE CARBOXY PEPTIDASES A &B DIPEPTIDES TRIPEPTIDES POLYPEPTIDES AMINO ACIDS DIPEPTIDASES SUCCUS ENTERICUS TRIPEPTIDASE S AMINO PEPTIDASES DIPEPTIDES TRIPEPTIDES LARGE POLYPEPTIDES AMINO ACIDS .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful