Garment machinery

Title:
Feed dog mechanism

Submitted by: Tauqeer Raza (06-NTU-97) 8th semester Section D

Submitted to: Mr. Salman sb
GMD

NTU Faisalabad

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Abstract
A sewing machine having a device feed dog is disposed in a drive arrangement with a rotating main shaft. A lift eccentric provides the feed device with the lift movement by means of an auxiliary carrier and a feed drive provides the feed dog with the feed movement. The device can alternatively be formed as a differential feed device

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Contents
Abstract ................................................................................................................................................... 2 Sewing Machine Feed Systems ................................................................................................................ 4 Feed dogs ............................................................................................................................................ 4 Drop feed: ........................................................................................................................................... 5 Cam assembly: ..................................................................................................................................... 5 Crank: .................................................................................................................................................. 5

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Theory:
Sewing Machine Feed Systems
Feed dogs
Feed dogs are the critical component of a "drop feed" sewing machine. A set of feed dogs typically resembles two or three short, thin metal bars, crosscut with diagonal teeth, which move back and forth in slots in a sewing machine's needle plate. Their purpose is to pull ("feed") the fabric through the machine, in discrete steps, in-between stitches. The feed dog regulates the stitch length by how much fabric passes under the presser foot as the machine stitches. It is important for you to not push and pull the fabric under the presser foot. Allow the feed dog to move the fabric, so that you do not bend and break sewing machine needles. Most feed dogs are metal but there was a period of time that they were made in rubber. Be aware that the rubber feed dogs did wear out and have them replaced if they have rounded edges or show signs of wear.

Needle plate, presser foot, and feed dogs

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Close-up of feed dogs showing teeth rising up through the needle plate The movement of the feed dog plate is elliptical.

Drop feed:
This arrangement is called "drop feed" in reference to the way the dogs drop below the needle plate when returning for the next stroke. Allen B. Wilson invented it during the time period 1850 to 1854, while also developing the rotary hook. Wilson called it a "four-motion feed", in reference to the four movements the dogs perform during one full stitch: up into the fabric, back to pull the fabric along to the next stitch, down out of the fabric and below the needle plate, and then forward to return to the starting position. Virtually all drop-feed sewing machines can vary their stitch length; this is typically controlled by a lever or dial on the front of the machine. They are usually also capable of pulling the fabric backwards, to form a backstitch. It incorporates a feed dog. This is the most common feed system. Also called four-motion feed dog or four-motion drop feed. Motion includes a "drop" below the surface of the material.

Cam assembly:
A cam assembly includes a generally cylindrical central body formed with an external ring of teeth and encircled by two identical annular members each having two inwardly directed pawls resiliently engaging the teeth at circumferentially spaced locations. The annular members have profiled outer peripheral control surfaces for co-operating with a cam follower extending across both surfaces. Cam has two connecting rods. One is attached to the driving shaft in lower portion of the machine and other is connected to the rocker shaft in lower portion of the machine.

Connecting rod

cam assembly

Crank:
A crank is an arm attached at right angles to a rotating shaft by which reciprocating motion is imparted to or received from the shaft. It is used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion. The arm may be a bent portion of the shaft, or a separate arm

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attached to it. Attached to the end of the crank by a pivot is a rod, usually called a connecting rod. The end of the rod attached to the crank moves in a circular motion, while the other end is usually constrained to move in a linear sliding motion, in and out.

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