The following are trademarks of Bombardier Inc.

BOMBARDIER
®
SKANDIC* TUNDRA*
FORMULA* SKI-DOO
®
Litho’d in Canada
®
*Trademarks of Bombardier Inc.
All rights reserved © Bombardier Inc. 1998 (MMO-9901 GM)
SAFETY WARNING
Disregarding any of the safety precautions and instructions
contained in this Operator’s Guide, Safety Handbook or on-
product labels could cause injury, including the possibility of
death.
This Operator’s Guide handbook should remain with the snow-
mobile at all time.
AFTER SALES SERVICE
BOMBARDIER INC.
VALCOURT, QUEBEC
CANADA J0E 2L0
1
1999 SKI-DOO OPERATOR’S GUIDE
This guide is applicable to:
Tundra/R
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
and to the following S-Series models:
Touring E/LE/SLE
Grand Touring 500/583
Skandic 380/500
Formula S/SL/Z 500/Z 583/Z 670
Formula Deluxe 377/500/503/583/670
MX Z 440/500/583/670
Summit 500/583/x 670
2
FOREWORD
Congratulations on your purchase of a new SKI-DOO snowmobile.
Whatever model you have chosen, it is backed by the Bombardier
warranty and a network of authorized SKI-DOO snowmobile dealers
ready to provide the parts, service or accessories you may require.
Your dealer is committed to your satisfaction. He has taken training
to perform the initial set-up and inspection of your snowmobile as
well as completed the final adjustment required to suit your specific
weight and riding environment before you took possession. At deliv-
ery, your dealer would have explained the snowmobile controls and
provided you with a brief explanation of the various suspension ad-
justments. We trust you have taken full advantage of this! If you
need more complete servicing information, please ask your dealer
about the proper model — year SKI-DOO Shop Manual.
At delivery, you were also informed of the warranty coverage and
completed the Warranty Registration Form which is to be sent to us
for processing. In the near future you should be receiving a warranty
card which will confirm our receipt of the registration as well as be
used for warranty or recall purposes.
WARRANTY CARD
You are invited to contact our customer relation staff should you ex-
perience problems which cannot be resolved by your dealer.
Vehicle Model
Number
A00K03A
Expiration Date
(Year/Month/Day)
Owner
Dealer
Number
Vehicle Serial
Number
3
NOTICE
The Operator’s Guide and the Snowmobiler’s Safety Handbook have
been prepared to acquaint the owner/operator and passenger of a
new snowmobile with the various snowmobile controls, mainte-
nance and safe operating instructions. Each is indispensable for the
proper use of the product.
These guides use the following symbols.
NOTE: Indicates supplementary information needed to fully com-
plete an instruction.
The information and components/system descriptions contained in
this guide are correct at time of publication.
We also reserve the right at any time to discontinue or change spec-
ifications, designs, features, models or equipment without incurring
obligation.
The illustrations show the typical construction of the different as-
semblies and, in all cases, may not reproduce the full detail or exact
shape of the parts shown, however, they represent parts which have
the same or a similar function.
4
WARNING
Identifies an instruction which, if not followed, could cause
serious personal injuries including possibility of death.
-
CAUTION
Denotes an instruction which, if not followed, could severely
damage snowmobile components.
4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
;SAFETY MEASURES............................................................ 7
BOMBARDIER LIMITED WARRANTY:
1999 SKI-DOO
®
SNOWMOBILE.............................................. 8
BOMBARDIER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED WARRANTY:
1999 SKI-DOO
®
SNOWMOBILE.............................................. 10
OFTEN ASKED QUESTIONS................................................... 12
LIST OF CUSTOMER RELATIONS OFFICES .......................... 14
AUTHORIZED SKI-DOO DEALERS ......................................... 14
HOW TO IDENTIFY YOUR SNOWMOBILE ............................ 15
Vehicle Serial Number Location ................................................ 15
Engine Serial Number Location................................................. 16
ON-VEHICLE IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS.......................... 18
CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS .................................................. 26
1) Throttle Lever ...................................................................... 28
2) Brake Lever ......................................................................... 28
3) Parking Brake Button........................................................... 29
4) Gear Shift Lever or Reverse Button .................................... 30
5) Ignition Switch..................................................................... 36
6) Tether Cut-out Switch ......................................................... 37
7) Emergency Cut-out Switch ................................................. 41
8) Headlamp Dimmer Switch .................................................. 42
9) Rewind Starter Handle ........................................................ 42
10) Primer Button ...................................................................... 43
11) Choke Lever ........................................................................ 43
12) Speedometer....................................................................... 44
13) Odometer ............................................................................ 44
14) Trip Meter............................................................................ 44
15) Trip Meter Reset Button ..................................................... 44
16) Tachometer ......................................................................... 44
17) Temperature Gauge ............................................................ 45
18) Electric Fuel Level Gauge.................................................... 46
19) Fuel Tank Cap/Gauge .......................................................... 46
20) High Beam Pilot Lamp (Blue) .............................................. 46
21) Injection Oil Level Pilot Lamp (Red) .................................... 46
22) Engine Overheat Warning Lamp (Red) ................................ 46
23) Heated Grip Switch ............................................................. 47
5
23 )and 25) Heated Grip and Throttle Lever .............................. 47
24) Heated Grip Pilot Lamp (Amber) .......................................... 48
25) Heated Throttle Lever Switch .............................................. 48
26) Heated Throttle Lever Pilot Lamp (Amber) .......................... 48
27) Rear Passenger Heated Grip Switch.................................... 48
28) Hood Latches....................................................................... 48
29) Adjustable Mirrors................................................................ 49
30) Electric Visor Jack Connector .............................................. 49
Holding Strap ............................................................................. 50
Hood Grills ................................................................................. 51
Fuses ......................................................................................... 51
Front Grab Handles/Front Bumper............................................. 54
Storage Compartment ............................................................... 54
Tool Kit ....................................................................................... 56
Spark Plug Holder ...................................................................... 56
Spare Drive Belt Holder ............................................................. 56
Fuel Shut-off Valve..................................................................... 57
Adjustable Backrest ................................................................... 58
Hitch........................................................................................... 61
FUEL AND OIL .......................................................................... 62
Recommended Fuel................................................................... 62
Recommended Oil ..................................................................... 63
COLD WEATHER CARBURETION MODIFICATIONS ............. 63
BREAK-IN PERIOD.................................................................... 64
Engine........................................................................................ 64
Belt............................................................................................. 64
10-Hour Inspection..................................................................... 64
PRE-START CHECK .................................................................. 65
Check Points.............................................................................. 65
STARTING PROCEDURE.......................................................... 66
Manual Starting.......................................................................... 67
Electric Starting (some models only) ......................................... 67
Emergency Starting ................................................................... 67
SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENTS............................................... 71
General....................................................................................... 71
Guidelines to Adjust Suspension ............................................... 72
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART.................................................. 93
In Deep Snow............................................................................ 93
LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE CHART ........................ 94
6
FLUID LEVELS.......................................................................... 96
Brake System............................................................................ 96
Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Level..................................................... 97
Oil Injection System.................................................................. 100
Cooling System......................................................................... 102
Battery Electrolyte..................................................................... 103
MAINTENANCE ....................................................................... 104
Belt Guard Removal and Installation ......................................... 104
Drive Belt Removal/Installation ................................................. 107
Drive Chain Tension .................................................................. 110
TRA Drive Pulley Adjustment .................................................... 111
Drive Belt Condition .................................................................. 113
Brake Condition......................................................................... 113
Brake Adjustment...................................................................... 114
Rear Suspension Condition ....................................................... 114
Suspension Stopper Strap Condition......................................... 114
Track Condition.......................................................................... 114
Track Tension and Alignment .................................................... 114
Steering and Front Suspension Mechanism ............................. 118
Wear and Condition of Skis and Runners.................................. 119
Exhaust System ........................................................................ 119
Air Filter Cleaning ...................................................................... 119
High Altitude Kit ........................................................................ 124
Bulb Replacement ..................................................................... 124
STORAGE................................................................................. 126
TROUBLESHOOTING.............................................................. 127
SPECIFICATIONS..................................................................... 130
OTHER PUBLICATIONS AVAILABLE...................................... 133
CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR OWNERSHIP.............................. 134
7
; SAFETY MEASURES
Observe the Following Warnings:
; For vehicles with a parking brake always engage brake when ve-
hicle is not in use.
; Throttle mechanism should be checked for free movement before
starting engine.
; The snowmobile engine can be stopped by activating the emer-
gency cut-out button, pulling the tether cord or turning off the key.
; Engine should be running only when belt guard and/or pulley
guard is secured in place. Never run the engine without drive belt
installed. Running an unloaded engine can prove to be dangerous.
; Never run the engine when the track is raised off the ground or
with the hood opened or removed.
; Maintain your snowmobile in top mechanical condition at all
times.
; Your snowmobile is not designed to be operated on public streets,
roads or highways. In most States and Provinces, it is considered
an illegal operation.
; Electric start models only: Never charge or boost a battery while
installed on snowmobile.
; Do not lubricate throttle and/or brake cables and housings.
; Only perform procedures as detailed in this guide. Unless other-
wise specified, engine should be turned OFF and cold for all lubri-
cation and maintenance procedures.
; Some snowmobiles are designed for the driver only and no provi-
sions have been made for a passenger.
; The performance of some snowmobiles may significantly exceed
that of other snowmobiles you have operated. Therefore, use by
novice or inexperienced operators is not recommended.
; The engine and components used in a particular model should not
be used on other models. Use of Rotax
®
snowmobile engines in
other than SKI-DOO snowmobiles is not recommended or autho-
rized by Bombardier Inc.
; Most components of this snowmobile are built with parts dimen-
sioned in the metric system. Most fasteners are metric and must
not be replaced by customary fasteners or vice versa.
8
BOMBARDIER LIMITED WARRANTY
1999 SKI-DOO
®
SNOWMOBILE
1. WARRANTY COVERAGE PERIOD
BOMBARDIER INC. ("Bombardier"), as manufacturer, warrants FROM
THE DATE OF DELIVERY TO THE FIRST CONSUMER that each 1999
SKI-DOO snowmobile sold, as NEW and UNUSED and PREDELIVERED
by an authorized North American SKI-DOO snowmobile dealer, will be
free from any defects in material and/or workmanship for a period of
TWELVE (12) CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
The warranty coverage period on a snowmobile delivered between June
1st and December 1
st
of a given year will expire December 1
st
of the
following year.
All genuine Bombardier accessories, installed by an authorized SKI-DOO
dealer at the time of delivery of the new and unused SKI-DOO, carry the
same Warranty Coverage Period as for the SKI-DOO snowmobile.
2. WHAT BOMBARDIER WILL DO
BOMBARDIER will repair or replace, at its option, all genuine BOMBAR-
DIER part found defective in material and/or workmanship, under normal
use, maintenance and service, with a genuine BOMBARDIER part with-
out charge for parts and labor, at any authorized SKI-DOO dealer during
the Warranty Coverage Period.
3. CONDITION TO HAVE WARRANTY WORK VALIDATED
The customer must notify an authorized SKI-DOO dealer within two (2)
days of the appearance of a defect in material and/or workmanship and
present to the servicing authorized SKI-DOO dealer the SKI-DOO Warran-
ty Registration Card or a proof of purchase of the NEW and UNUSED
1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile and must sign the repair/work order prior to
the start of the repair in order to validate a warranty repair. All parts re-
placed under this limited warranty become the property of BOMBAR-
DIER.
4. EXCLUSIONS - ARE NOT WARRANTED
• Normal wear and tear items;
• Labor, parts and lubricant costs of all maintenance services;
• Damage caused by failure to provide proper maintenance and/or stor-
age, as described in the “1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile Operator's
Guide”;
• Damage resulting from improper repairs, modifications or use of non-
approved parts or, repairs done by a non-authorized SKI-DOO dealer;
• Damage resulting from abuse, misuse, neglect, racing or using the
SKI-DOO snowmobile on surfaces other than snow;
• Damage resulting from accident, fire, theft, vandalism or any act of God;
• Incidental or consequential damages, or damages of any kind as but
not limited to towing charges, telephone calls or taxi; and
• Damages resulting from improper service or maintenance.
9
5. LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY
This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other legal
rights which may vary from state to state, or province to province.
WHERE APPLICABLE, THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY GIVEN AND
ACCEPTED IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EX-
PRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTIC-
ULAR PURPOSE.
Neither the distributor, any authorized SKI-DOO dealer nor any other per-
son has been authorized to make any affirmation, representation or war-
ranty other than those contained in this warranty, and if made, such
affirmation, representation or warranty shall not be enforceable against
BOMBARDIER or any other person.
In no event shall BOMBARDIER be liable for special, consequential or
incidental damages, including but not limited to loss of use and transpor-
tation costs. Some states or provinces do not allow the exclusion or lim-
itation of incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how long
an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation or exclusion may not
apply.
BOMBARDIER reserves the right to modify this warranty at any time,
being understood that such modification will not alter the warranty con-
ditions applicable to the SKI-DOO snowmobile sold while this warranty is
in effect.
6. CONSUMER ASSISTANCE
a) In the event of a controversy or a dispute arising in connection with this
BOMBARDIER LIMITED WARRANTY, BOMBARDIER suggests that
you try to resolve the issue at the dealership level. We recommend
discussing the issue with the authorized dealer's service manager or
owner.
b) If further assistance is required, the DISTRIBUTOR's Service Depart-
ment should be contacted in order to resolve the matter.
c) If the issue has still not been resolved, please submit in writing your
complaint to:
BOMBARDIER INC.
RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS
SNOWMOBILES
January 1998
® Registered trademark of Bombardier Inc. and/or affiliates.
In Canada:
BOMBARDIER INC.
RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS
SNOWMOBILES
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE CENTER
VALCOURT QC J0E 2L0
Tel: (514) 532-5000
In USA:
BOMBARDIER MOTOR
CORPORATION OF AMERICA
RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS
SNOWMOBILES
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE CENTER
P.O. BOX 8035
7575 BOMBARDIER COURT
WAUSAU WI 54402-8035
Tel: (715) 848-4957
10
BOMBARDIER INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED WARRANTY
1999 SKI-DOO
®
SNOWMOBILE
1. WARRANTY COVERAGE PERIOD
BOMBARDIER INC. ("Bombardier"), as manufacturer, warrants FROM
THE DATE OF DELIVERY TO THE FIRST CONSUMER that each 1999
SKI-DOO snowmobile sold anywhere in the world except the United
States and Canada, as NEW and UNUSED and PREDELIVERED by an
authorized SKI-DOO snowmobile dealer, duly appointed by an authorized
SKI-DOO International Distributor, will be free from any defects in mate-
rial and/or workmanship for a PERIOD of TWELVE (12) CONSECUTIVE
MONTHS.
All genuine Bombardier accessories, installed by an authorized SKI-DOO
dealer at the time of delivery of the new and unused SKI-DOO snowmo-
bile, carry the same Warranty Coverage Period as for the SKI-DOO snow-
mobile.
2. WHAT BOMBARDIER WILL DO
BOMBARDIER through the local SKI-DOO International Distributor will,
during the Warranty Coverage Period, repair or replace, at its option, all
genuine BOMBARDIER part found defective in material and/or workman-
ship, under normal use, maintenance and service, with a genuine BOM-
BARDIER part without charge for parts and labor, at any local authorized
SKI-DOO dealer.
3. CONDITION TO HAVE WARRANTY WORK VALIDATED
The customer must notify a local authorized SKI-DOO dealer within two
(2) days of the appearance of a defect in material and/or workmanship
and present to the servicing authorized SKI-DOO dealer the SKI-DOO
Warranty Registration Card or a proof of purchase of the NEW and UN-
USED 1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile and must sign the repair/work order
prior to the start of the repair in order to validate a warranty repair. All
parts replaced under this limited warranty become the property of BOM-
BARDIER.
4. EXCLUSIONS - ARE NOT WARRANTED
• Normal wear and tear items;
• Labor, parts and lubricant costs of all maintenance services;
• Damage caused by failure to provide proper maintenance and/or stor-
age, as described in the “1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile Operator's
Guide”;
• Damage resulting from improper repairs, modifications or use of non-
approved parts or, repairs done by a non-authorized SKI-DOO dealer;
• Damage resulting from abuse, misuse, neglect, racing or using the
SKI-DOO snowmobile on surfaces other than snow;
• Damage resulting from accident, fire, theft, vandalism or any act of God;
• Incidental or consequential damages, or damages of any kind as but
not limited to towing charges, telephone calls or taxi; and
• Damages resulting from improper service or maintenance.
11
5. LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY
This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other legal
rights resulting from the application of mandatory national laws which
may vary from country to country. WHERE APPLICABLE, THIS WAR-
RANTY IS EXPRESSLY GIVEN AND ACCEPTED IN LIEU OF ANY AND
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
In no event shall BOMBARDIER be liable for special, consequential or
incidental damages, including but not limited to loss of use and transpor-
tation costs. Some country do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how long an im-
plied warranty lasts, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply.
Neither the SKI-DOO International Distributor, the selling local SKI-DOO
dealer nor any other person has been authorized to make any affirmation,
representation or warranty other than those contained in this warranty,
and if made, such affirmation, representation or warranty shall not be
enforceable against BOMBARDIER or any other person.
Every SKI-DOO snowmobile is sold with the English version of this war-
ranty. A specific SKI-DOO International Distributor may elect to translate
this warranty into local language, it is then understood and agreed that in
the event of any discrepancy among the two versions, the English ver-
sion shall prevail.
It is the customer's responsibility to ensure that the SKI-DOO snowmo-
bile complies with all snowmobile regulations and standards of any coun-
try, other than the original country of sale, where the SKI-DOO snowmo-
bile is intended to be used.
BOMBARDIER reserves the right to modify this warranty at any time,
being understood that such modification will not alter the warranty con-
ditions applicable to the SKI-DOO snowmobile sold while this warranty is
in effect.
6. CONSUMER ASSISTANCE
a) In the event of a controversy or a dispute arising in connection with this
BOMBARDIER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED WARRANTY, BOMBAR-
DIER suggests that you try to resolve the issue at the dealership level.
We recommend discussing the issue with the authorized dealer's ser-
vice manager or owner.
b) If further assistance is required, the authorized local SKI-DOO INTER-
NATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR's Service Department should be contacted
in order to resolve the matter.
c) If the issue has still not been resolved, please submit in writing your
complaint to:
BOMBARDIER INC.
RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS
SNOWMOBILES
INTERNATIONAL SERVICE DEPARTMENT
VALCOURT QUEBEC J0E 2L0
CANADA
BOMBARDIER INC.
RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS
SNOWMOBILES
January 1998
® Registered trademark of Bombardier Inc. and/or affiliates.
12
OFTEN ASKED QUESTIONS
Q: Why must my snowmobile be registered at the factory? After all
I do have my original invoice as proof of when I purchased my
snowmobile.
A: Registration is very important and your dealer must register
your snowmobile with Bombardier Inc. Make sure the card
has been sent. All of this will allow you to:
a) have warranty work performed at any authorized Bombar-
dier dealer in North America. Your registration card will pro-
vide the dealer with all the necessary data to complete
warranty claim forms.
b) be advised by Bombardier should there be a safety recall or
particular warranty campaign.
c) be contacted much faster by the police, the minute they
find your stolen snowmobile (if such a case occurs).
Q: Why must my snowmobile be registered with the governing
body having jurisdiction over snowmobile use?
A: Snowmobile registration has two purposes: In many provinc-
es or states it is mandatory to register a snowmobile in the
same way as for a car. It allows the state or province to main-
tain records of existing snowmobiles and governmental agen-
cies use part of the registration fees for establishing and
maintaining trails.
Q: Where can I find information on the lubrication and maintenance
of my snowmobile?
A: In the Operator’s Guide provided with the snowmobile at the
time of delivery.
Q: Will the entire warranty be voided or cancelled, if I do not operate
or maintain my new snowmobile exactly as specified in the Op-
erator’s Guide?
A: The warranty of the new snowmobile cannot be “Voided” or
“Cancelled” if predelivered by an authorized dealer. However,
if a particular failure is caused by operation or maintenance
other than is shown in the Operator’s Guide, THAT failure may
not be covered under warranty. This includes service work
performed by the customer, especially the critical adjust-
ments: ignition timing, carburetion and oil injection/or oil mix-
ture.
13
Q: Would you give some examples of abnormal use or strain, ne-
glect or abuse which may affect warranty?
A: These terms are general and overlap each other in areas.
Some specific examples may include: running the snowmo-
bile out of oil, chain failure caused by a Iack of lubrication, op-
erating the snowmobile with a broken or damaged part which
causes another part to fail, and so on. If you have any specific
questions on operation or maintenance, please contact your
dealer for advice.
Q: What costs are my responsibility during the warranty period?
A: The customer’s responsibility includes all costs of normal
maintenance services, non-warranty repairs, accidents and
collision damage, as well as oils, and spark plugs, and inciden-
tal or consequential damages costs as explained in the war-
ranty.
Q: Are “Genuine” Bombardier replacement parts used in warranty
repairs covered by warranty?
A: Yes. When installed by an authorized dealer, any “Genuine”
Bombardier part used in warranty repairs assumes the re-
maining warranty that exists on the snowmobile.
Q: If I sell my snowmobile within the warranty period, will the new
owner qualify for the balance of the warranty?
A: Yes, provided the re-sale has been registered with the manu-
facturer.
Q: How can I receive the best owner assistance?
A: The satisfaction and goodwill of the owners of Bombardier
products are of primary concern to your dealer and Bombar-
dier Inc. Normally, any problems that arise in connection with
the sales transaction or the operation of your snowmobile will
be handled by your Dealers Sales or Service Departments. It
is recognized, however, that despite the best intentions of ev-
eryone concerned, misunderstandings will sometimes occur.
Frequently, complaints are the result of a breakdown in com-
munications and can quickly be resolved by a member of the
dealership management. If the problem already has been re-
viewed with the Sales Manager or Service Manager, contact
the Dealer himself or the General Manager.
We are always pleased to receive your comments on the
Ski-Doo snowmobile.
14
LIST OF CUSTOMER RELATIONS OFFICES
AUTHORIZED SKI-DOO DEALERS
For North-America Only
To find the nearest authorized ski-doo dealer, dial: 1-800-375-4366.
CANADA
BOMBARDIER INC.
726 St-Joseph Street
Valcourt, Quebec, Canada
J0E 2L0
Telephone: (514) 532-5000
Fax: (514) 532-5077
USA
BOMBARDIER MOTOR CORPORATION OF AMERICA
7575 Bombardier Court
P.O. Box 8035, Wausau, WI
54402-8035. USA
Telephone: (715) 848-4957
Fax: (715) 848-4978
OTHER COUNTRIES
For customer relations, contact your local distributor.
Your local dealer can provide distributor contact information.
15
HOW TO IDENTIFY YOUR SNOWMOBILE
The main components of your snowmobile (engine and frame) are
identified by different serial numbers. It may sometimes become
necessary to locate these numbers for warranty purposes or to trace
your snowmobile in the event of loss. These numbers are required
by the dealer to complete warranty claims properly. No warranty will
be allowed by Bombardier Inc. if the engine serial number or VIN is
removed or mutilated in any way. We strongly recommend that you
take note of all the serial numbers on your snowmobile and supply
them to your insurance company.
Vehicle Serial Number Location
TYPICAL — MOST MODELS
1. Serial number
A03H2AA
1
16
TYPICAL — SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC
1. Serial number
Engine Serial Number Location
TUNDRA/R
1. Serial number
A22H0FA
1
1
A05A0CA
17
FAN COOLED S-SERIES MODELS AND SKANDIC WT/SWT
1. Serial number
LIQUID COOLED S-SERIES MODELS AND SKANDIC WT LC
1. Serial number
1
A25C0MA
A03C1FA
1
18
ON-VEHICLE IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS
Please read the following instructions carefully before operating snow-
mobile.
TYPICAL — LOCATION OF IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS
TUNDRA/R, SKANDIC 380/500 AND SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC
A03A04A
9
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Verify attachments frequently.
Use rigid tow bar.
Reduce speed when towing.
Vérifier souvent les accouplements.
Utiliser une barre rigide.
Remorquer à vitesse réduite.
A01A1WA
1
19
SUMMIT 500/583/x 670
TOURING E/LE/SLE
A01A1XA
2
A01A1YA
2
20
SINGLE SEAT MODELS
A01A1ZA
3
21
SINGLE SEAT MODELS
;WARNING. Read and follow all Warning Labels &
Operators Guide/Safety Handbook before operation. Severe
injury or death can result from ignoring warnings or through
improper use of snowmobile.
;AVERTISSEMENT. Lisez et respectez scrupuleusement
tous les avertissements contenus dans le Manuel du
conducteur, avant toute mise en route.
4
A01A20A
22
DOUBLE SEAT MODELS
ALL MODELS
WARNING: Read and follow all Warning Labels &
Operators Guide/Safety Handbook before operation. Severe
injury or death can result from ignoring warnings or through
improper use of snowmobile.
AVERTISSEMENT: Lisez et respecter scrupuleusement
tous les avertissements contenus dans le Manuel du
conducteur, avant toute mise en route.
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE, CHECK: THROTTLE LEVER
MOVES FREELY - ALL GUARDS ARE IN PLACE AND CAB IS CLOSED.
START ENGINE AND CHECK: EMERGENCY CUT-OUT SWITCH
AND ALL CONTROLS WORK NORMALLY.
DRIVE CAREFULLY.
AVANT DE DÉMARRER LE MOTEUR, S'ASSURER QUE:
LA MANETTE D'ACCÉLÉRATION FONCTIONNE LIBREMENT-QUE
TOUT GARDE SOIT EN PLACE ET QUE LE CAPOT SOIT FERMÉ.
DÉMARRER LE MOTEUR ET S'ASSURER QUE:
L'INTERRUPTEUR D'URGENCE ET TOUS LES CONTRÔLES
FONCTIONNENT NORMALEMENT.
CONDUISEZ PRUDEMMENT.
4
A01A21A
CAUTION: To comply with noise regulations, this engine is
designed to operate air intake silencer. Operation
without air intake silencer or not properly installed may
cause engine damage.
ATTENTION: Le groupe moteur a été conçu pour fonction-
ner avec ce silencieux d'admission, afin de se conformer
aux réglements relatifs au bruit. Son absence ou son
montage défectueux peut endommager le moteur.
A02A07A
5
23
ALL MODELS
TYPICAL — ALL MODELS
FRONT
AVANT
;
WARNING
;
AVERTISSEMENT
Engine should not be running
without this guard in place.
Le moteur ne doit jamais fonctionner
sans que ce protecteur soit en place.
A02A06A
6
A01A24A
7
A01A24A
7
24
TYPICAL — ALL S-SERIES MODELS
ALL MODELS WITH A MECHANICAL REVERSE
SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENT CHART/TABLEAU DES RÉGLAGES DE LA SUSPENSION
FRONT SUSPENSION (SKI)/SUSPENSION AVANT (SKI)
ADJUST ACCORDING TO YOUR RIDING STYLE/RÉGLER SELON VOTRE CONDUITE
REAR SUSPENSION/SUSPENSION ARRIÈRE
ADJUST ACCORDING TO LOAD/RÉGLER SELON LA CHARGE
REAR SPRING
RESSORT ARRIÈRE
LOAD
CHARGE
LB kg
CENTER SPRING
RESSORT CENTRAL
NOT
APPLICABLE
SANS OBJET
1
2
3
4
up to 125 jusqu'à 57
125 to 150
150 to 175
175 to 200
57 à 68
68 à 79
79 à 91
FOR LOADS EXCEEDING RANGE SHOWN ABOVE, CONSULT YOUR DEALER.
SI LES CHARGES EXCÈDENT LES PLAGES MONTRÉES CI-HAUT, CONSULTEZ VOTRE CONCESSIONNAIRE.
418 0017 01
4 2
3
1
4
2
3
1
5
6
77
NOT APPLICABLE
SANS OBJET
A01A25A
8
CAUTION
Bring the vehicle to a
complete stop before
changing gear
ATTENTION
Immobiliser le véhicule
complètement avant de
changer de vitesse
PUSH
POUSSER
PULL
TIRER
A01A26A
9
25
ALL MODELS WITH AN ELECTRONIC REVERSE
PUSH PUSH
CAUTION
:Bring vehicle to a complete stop before changing direction.
ATTENTION
:Immobiliser le véhicule complètement avant de
changer de direction.
A02A08A
9
26
CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Some controls/instruments do not apply to some models. In
these cases their reference numbers are deliberately missing in the
illustrations. Some controls/instruments are optional on some models.
TUNDRA/R
2
A05H18A
8 7 1
9 10 28 19 28 5 6 4
27
SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC
A29H0NA
2 3 15 14
12 13 20 21 22
7 1 5
11
9
28
19 6 28 22-25 8
4
28
TYPICAL — S-SERIES
1) Throttle Lever
Located on the right side of handlebar. When compressed, it controls
the engine speed and the engagement of the transmission. When
released, engine speed returns automatically to idle.
2) Brake Lever
Located on the left side of handlebar. When compressed, the brake
is applied. When released, it automatically returns to its original po-
sition. Braking effect is proportional to the pressure applied on the
lever and to the type of terrain and its snow coverage.
4
WARNING
Excessive or repetitive use of brakes for high speed stops will
cause an overheated brake system. This overheated condi-
tion could cause sudden loss of brakes and/or fire.
29
A03H2DA
2 3 17 1512 14
21
20 18 7 29
1
28 9 4
11 25 19 23 6 5 8 28
16
13 22
4
31
29
3) Parking Brake Button
Located on left side of handlebar. Parking brake should be used
whenever snowmobile is parked.
Whenever parking brake is applied and engine is running, injection oil
level pilot lamp lights up to remind you that it is engaged.
MECHANICAL BRAKE
To engage mechanism, squeeze brake lever and maintain while pull-
ing button with the other hand. There are 2 retaining notches on but-
ton lever; pull button until it locks on a notch then release brake lever.
To release mechanism, squeeze brake lever then fully push parking
brake button. Always release parking brake before riding.
TYPICAL
Step : Squeeze and hold
Step : Fully pull
-
CAUTION
Make sure parking brake is fully disengaged before operating
the snowmobile.
A25H30A
1
2
1
2
30
HYDRAULIC BRAKE
To engage mechanism, squeeze brake lever and maintain while pull-
ing locking lever with a finger. Brake lever is now compressed half-
way applying brakes.
To release mechanism, squeeze brake lever. Locking lever will auto-
matically return to its original position. Brake lever now returns to
rest position. Always release parking brake before riding.
1. Locking lever
2. OFF
3. ON
4) Gear Shift Lever or Reverse Button
MECHANICAL REVERSE
G.T. 500/583 and Formula DELUXE 500/583/670
These models are equipped with a mechanical reverse controlled
by a 2-position gear shift lever:
Push: Forward gear.
Pull: Reverse gear.
NOTE: A warning buzzer will sound when the shift lever is in reverse
gear position.
A06D11A
1
22
3
31
1. Reverse
2. Forward
Shifting Procedure
With snowmobile completely stopped and engine at idle, move lever
to engage in desired gear.
Do not force lever. If unable to shift, apply throttle to move snowmo-
bile and try again.
4
WARNING
These snowmobiles are capable of a fast reverse. Always re-
main seated and apply the brake before shifting. Come to a
complete stop then change gear. Ensure the path behind is
clear of obstacles or bystanders. Fast reverse while turning,
could result in loss of stability.
PRIMER
1
2
A03H0IA
32
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
These models are equipped with a mechanical reverse controlled by
a 4-position gear shift lever.
TYPICAL
Shifting Procedure
With snowmobile completely stopped and engine at idle, move lever
to engage in desired gear.
Do not force lever. If unable to shift, apply throttle to move snowmo-
bile and try again.
When shifting from 1
st
gear to 2
nd
gear vehicle may be in motion
(20 km/h (12 MPH) but engine must be at idle. Maximum speed in
first gear: 60 km/h (37 MPH).
-
CAUTION
Bring snowmobile to a complete stop before changing gear.
4
WARNING
These snowmobiles are capable of a fast reverse. Always ap-
ply the brake before shifting and come to a complete stop
then change gear. Ensure the path behind is clear of obsta-
cles or bystanders. Fast reverse while turning, could result in
loss of stability.
A29D0BA
33
ELECTRONIC REVERSE
Tundra R, Skandic 380/500, Touring E/LE/SLE and
Formula Deluxe 377/503
These models are equipped with an electronic reverse controlled by
a reverse button.
Driving in reverse is achieved by changing the direction of engine
rotation.
Shifting in reverse is an electronic operation consisting of a control
module that modifies the ignition timing of the engine.
When depressing the reverse button, a signal will slow down the
engine RPM enough to modify the ignition timing advance. This re-
verses crankshaft rotation.
No mechanical action and gear change is involved.
No adjustment is needed.
Shifting Procedure
With the snowmobile completely stopped and engine running at idle,
press and release the electronic reverse button.
SKANDIC 380/500, TOURING E/LE/SLE AND FORMULA DELUXE 377/503
1. Reverse button
A03E1QA
1
34
SKANDIC 380/500, TOURING E/LE/SLE AND FORMULA DELUXE 377/503
1. Reverse indicator lamp
The engine RPM will decrease for a few seconds then the engine
will start rotating in the opposite direction and will return to its nor-
mal idle speed.
NOTE: A reverse indicator lamp will illuminate and a warning buzzer
will sound when the snowmobile is engaged in reverse.
A03E1RA
1
35
TUNDRA R
1. Reverse button
2. Reverse indicator lamp
Apply throttle slowly and evenly. Allow drive pulley to engage then
accelerate carefully.
It is recommended to warm up the engine to its normal operating
temperature before shifting.
Shifting procedure will take place only when the engine is running.
Engine will automatically shift into forward when starting after stop-
ping or stalling.
4
WARNING
Always remain seated and apply the brake before shifting.
Come to a complete stop before pressing the reverse button.
Ensure the path behind is clear of obstacles or bystanders.
Fast reverse while turning could result in loss of stability.
-
CAUTION
Do not rev the engine when driving in reverse. This may
cause the clutch system to operate erratically.
A05D15A
1
2
36
5) Ignition Switch
All Models Except Summit x 670 and MX Z 670
The lights are automatically ON whenever the engine is running.
MANUAL START ELECTRIC START
1. OFF 1. OFF
2. ON 2. ON
3. START
Manual Starting
Key operated, 2-position switch. To start the engine, first turn the key
to ON position. To stop the engine, turn the key to OFF position.
Electric Starting
Key operated, 3-position switch. To start engine, turn key to START
position and hold. See illustration above.
Release key immediately when engine has started. Key returns to
ON position as soon as it is released.
If engine does not start on first try, turn key back to OFF position
before restarting. To stop engine, turn key to OFF position.
NOTE: Engine may be manually started with rewind starter if neces-
sary.
If starter does not operate, check starting system fuse condition.
Refer to starting system fuse below.
-
CAUTION
Do not hold key at START position more than 30 seconds. A
rest period should be observed between the cranking cycles
to let starter cool down. Holding key in START position when
engine has started could damage starter mechanism.
1 1
2
2
3
A23H04A
37
6) Tether Cut-out Switch
All Models Except MX Z 670 and Summit x 670
Attach tether cord to wrist or clothing then snap tether cut-out cap
over receptacle before starting engine.
TYPICAL
1. Snap over receptacle
2. Attach to eyelet
If emergency engine shut off is required, completely pull cap from
safety switch.
A06H1YA
2
1
®
A06H1XA
38
MX Z 670 and Summit x 670
General
Tether cut-out switch features a double function. First it is a safety
device to shut-off engine if the driver accidently falls off the vehicle.
Second it is the DESS (Digitally Encoded Security System) key.
Operation
Attach tether cord to clothing then snap tether cut-out cap over re-
ceptacle before starting engine.
TYPICAL
1. Snap over receptacle
2. Attach to eyelet
A30H09A 1 2
39
If emergency engine shut off is required, completely pull cap from
safety switch.
TYPICAL
DESS (Digitally Encoded Security System) Description
This system is a deterrent against theft. Dealer programmed, the
tether cord provided with your snowmobile is the only one that al-
lows engine to turn more than 2500 RPM. If a wrong tether cord is
installed the engine can not reach engagement speed required to
move vehicle.
Additional Tether Cords
The snowmobile micro-processor can be programmed to allow the
use up to 8 tether cords. For your convenience, we recommend the
purchase of additional safety lanyards from your authorized dealer. It
will prove to be useful in case of loss as well as for additional opera-
tors.
A30H0AA
40
Pilot Lamp Codes
1. DESS pilot lamp
DESS pilot lamp blinking one time per 3 seconds means that a bad
connection has been detected. Vehicle can not be driven.
To check for bad connection, remove tether cord make sure it is free
of dirt or snow. Reinstall tether cord and restart engine. If a blink per
3 seconds still occurs contact an authorized dealer.
1. Free of dirt or snow
A30H1DA
1
A30H08A
1
41
DESS pilot lamp blinking rapidly mean that a wrong tether cord is
installed. Vehicle can not be driven.
Check that you have both good vehicle and tether cord.
7) Emergency Cut-out Switch
A push-pull type switch located on the right side of the handlebar. To
stop the engine in an emergency, push the button to the lower OFF
position and simultaneously apply the brake. To restart, button must
be at the upper ON position.
TYPICAL
1. ON
2. OFF
All drivers of the snowmobile should familiarize themselves with the
function of this device by using it several times on first outing and to
stop the engine there after. Thereby being mentally prepared for
emergency situations requiring its use.
1
A17G1DA
2
42
8) Headlamp Dimmer Switch
Located on left side of handlebar, allows selection of headlamp
beam.
TYPICAL
9) Rewind Starter Handle
Auto-rewind type located on right hand side of snowmobile. To en-
gage mechanism, pull handle slowly until a resistance is felt then pull
vigorously. Slowly release handle.
4
WARNING
If the switch has been used in a mechanical malfunction, the
source of malfunction should be determined and corrected
before restarting engine.
A15G0XA
A03H1IA
43
10) Primer Button
Pull and push button. It is not necessary when engine is warm.
To prime, activate button until a pumping resistance is felt. From this
point, pump 2 or 3 times to inject fuel in intake manifold. After prim-
ing, ensure that primer button is pushed back.
NOTE: In very cold temperature, it is recommended to rotate primer
button 3-4 turns prior to pull it. This will eliminate the possibility of
sticking.
11) Choke Lever
This device features a 3-position lever to facilitate cold start.
0. OFF
1. Position 1
2. Position 2
Initial Cold Starting
NOTE: Do not operate the throttle lever with the choke lever on.
Move the choke lever to position 2 and start the engine. As soon as
the engine starts move the lever to position 1. After a few seconds
(10 seconds maximum) move the choke lever to OFF.
NOTE: In severe cold weather, colder than -20°C (-4°F) you may
need to flip choke lever from OFF to position 1 a couple of times
once engine is started.
Warm Engine Starting
Start the engine without any choke. If the engine will not start after
two pulls of the rope or two 5 second attempts with the electric
starter move choke lever to position 1. Start the engine without acti-
vating the throttle lever. As soon as the engine starts move the
choke lever to OFF.
0
1
2
A06H1KB
44
12) Speedometer
These vehicles are equipped with a speedometer graduated in km or
miles according to country of use.
Direct-reading dial indicates the speed of the snowmobile in kilome-
ters or miles per hour. Odometer records the total distance travelled
in kilometers or miles.
13) Odometer
Odometer records the total distance travelled in kilometers or miles.
14) Trip Meter
Records distance travelled in kilometers or miles until it is reset. It
can be used to record a fuel tank range or distance between 2 relays
for instance.
1. Odometer
2. Trip meter
3. Reset button
15) Trip Meter Reset Button
To reset, push on button until all numbers read (0) zero.
16) Tachometer
Direct-reading dial indicates the number of thousand of revolutions
per minute (RPM) of the engine.
10
0
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
000000
0 0 0 0
MPH
1
2
3
A06H1FA
45
1. Multiply the reading by 1000
17) Temperature Gauge
The gauge indicates engine coolant temperature. The needle moves
to the normal range as engine warms. Under all riding conditions, the
needle should stay within this range. If needle moves into the over-
heat range, reduce snowmobile speed and run snowmobile in loose
snow or stop engine immediately.
1. Normal
2. Overheat
2
1
3
4
6
5
7
8
9
0
X1000 r /min
1
A06H05A
A03E1FB
1
2
46
18) Electric Fuel Level Gauge
Dash-mounted gauge to facilitate fuel level reading. This gauge
works only when engine is running.
1. Full
2. Empty
19) Fuel Tank Cap/Gauge
Unscrew to fill up tank then fully tighten.
Some caps feature a dipstick or a mechanical gauge.
20) High Beam Pilot Lamp (Blue)
Lights when headlamp is on HIGH beam.
21) Injection Oil Level Pilot Lamp (Red)
Lights when injection oil level is low. Check oil level and replenish as
soon as possible. Also lights when parking brake is applied (with en-
gine running).
22) Engine Overheat Warning Lamp (Red)
If this lamp glows, reduce snowmobile speed and run snowmobile
in loose snow or stop engine immediately.
4
WARNING
Never use an open flame to check fuel level.
A03E1HA
1
2
47
23) Heated Grip Switch
All Models Except Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
Three-position toggle switch. Select the desired position to keep
your hands at a comfortable temperature.
TYPICAL
1. HOT
2. OFF
3. WARM
23) and 25) Heated Grip and Throttle Lever
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Only
Two-position toggle switch. Select the desired position to keep your
hands and right thumb at a comfortable temperature.
TYPICAL
1. HOT
2. OFF
1
2
3
A25H05A
1
2
A22H0HA
48
24) Heated Grip Pilot Lamp (Amber)
Lights when heated grip switch is on the high position. Light dimmed
when switch is on the low position.
25) Heated Throttle Lever Switch
Three-position toggle switch. Select the desired position to keep your
right thumb at a comfortable temperature. See illustration above.
26) Heated Throttle Lever Pilot Lamp (Amber)
Lights when heated throttle lever switch is on the high position.
Light dimmed when switch is on the low position.
27) Rear Passenger Heated Grip Switch
Three-position toggle switch. Select the desired position to keep rear
passenger's hands at a comfortable temperature.
GRAND TOURING
28) Hood Latches
Unhook the latches to unlock the hood from its anchors.
Always lift hood gently until stopped by retaining device.
Close hood slowly then hook up latches.
A16H18A
49
29) Adjustable Mirrors
Each mirror can be adjusted to suit driver's preference.
30) Electric Visor Jack Connector
An electric visor may be connected to that jack connector. Electric
current is supplied when ever engine is running.
TYPICAL
A30E09A
50
Summit x 670
Holding Strap
This strap can be used when traversing side hills.
1. Holding strap
4
WARNING
Do not use strap to lift snowmobile. To be used only by expe-
rienced riders familiar with the actual conditions and riding
terrain. This strap is not a substitute for a handlebar. Full throt-
tle and brake control should be readily available at all times.
A00A4PA
1
51
Hood Grills
When riding on powdered snow, close hood grills. Slightly unscrew
wing nuts, squeeze tabs then, retighten wing nuts.
1. Squeeze these tabs to open grill
2. Squeeze these tabs to close grill
Fuses
Starting System Fuse
Starting system is protected with a 30 ampere (20 ampere on Skan-
dic WT/SWT/WT LC) rated fuse. See following illustration for fuse
holder location. If starter does not operate, check fuse condition and
replace if necessary.
To remove fuse from holder, pull fuse out. Check if filament is melted.
-
CAUTION
Do not use a higher rated fuse as this can cause severe dam-
age to electric components.
A03H2EA 1 2
52
1. Fuse
2. Check if melted
Touring E/LE/SLE, Formula Deluxe 577/500/503/583/670 and
G.T. 500/583
1. Fuse holder
1
2
A15E0KA
1
A03H0JA
53
Skandic WT/SWT
1. Fuse holder
Skandic WT LC
1. Fuse holder
A29E0LA 1
A29E0KA
1
54
Electric Fuel Level Gauge Fuse
See your dealer for fuse replacement.
Front Grab Handles/Front Bumper
To be used whenever front of snowmobile requires lifting.
TYPICAL
1. Front grab handles
Storage Compartment
Depending on model, a storage compartment is provided in engine
compartment, under seat or inside seat.
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Only
A storage compartment is provided under seat. To open storage
compartment, lift seat latch then tip seat over.
-
CAUTION
Do not use skis to pull or lift snowmobile.
1
A03H0KA
55
SKANDIC WT/WT LC
1. Lift seat latch
SKANDIC SWT
A22H0JA
1
A29H01A
56
Tool Kit
A tool kit containing tools for basic maintenance is supplied with the
vehicle. On Tundra/R tool kit is located in storage compartment (in
front of engine). On Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC look under seat to find
tool kit. For all other models tool kit is above left footrest just behind
pulley guard.
1. Tool kit
2. Spark plug holder
Spark Plug Holder
To keep spare spark plugs dry and prevent shocks that might affect
the adjustment or break them, a holder is provided in engine com-
partment.
Firmly tighten them into the holder with spark plug socket (in tool kit)
to ensure that they will not be loosened by vibrations.
NOTE: Spare spark plugs are not supplied with snowmobile.
Spare Drive Belt Holder
On some models, a spare drive belt can be installed in drive belt
holder clip.
NOTE: Spare drive belt is not supplied with snowmobile.
A03D2NA
2 1
57
Fuel Shut-off Valve
Valve should be closed when transporting or storing snowmobile.
1. Valve closed
1. Valve opened
A03I0OA
1
A03I0PA
1
58
Adjustable Backrest
The backrest position and support angle may be adjusted to suit driv-
er or passenger convenience.
Grand Touring 500/583
1. Lift adjustment lock (both sides)
2. Turn adjustment knob
Secure adjustment locks after desired position is obtained.
Height of rear grab handles can be adjusted.
Lift adjustment lock (both sides), move grab handles to desired posi-
tion. Secure adjustment locks.
4
WARNING
Backrest should only be repositioned while the snowmobile
is stopped. Adjust to provide maximum lower back support.
Always consider your passengers’ comfort and safety. Se-
curely tighten all adjustment locks and knobs.
1
2
A06H2LA
59
1. Lift adjustment lock (both sides)
Touring SLE
BACKREST POSITION
1. Loosen bottom knobs (both sides) to adjust
A06H2MA 1
1
A03A0KA
60
Secure adjustment knobs after desired position is obtained.
BACKREST SUPPORT ANGLE
1. Loosen top knob to adjust
Secure adjustment knob after desired position is obtained.
1
A03A0KC
61
BACKREST HEIGHT
1. Loosen center knobs (both sides) to adjust
Secure adjustment knobs after desired position is obtained.
Hitch
The hook-type hitch can be used to pull most equipment.
1 A03A0KB
62
FUEL AND OIL
Recommended Fuel
All Models Except MX Z 670 and Summit x 670
Use regular unleaded gasoline, available from most service stations
or gasohol containing less than 10% of ethanol or methanol. The
gasoline used must have an octane number (R + M)/2 of 87 or higher.
MX Z 670 and Summit x 670
Use super unleaded gasoline, available from most service stations or
gasohol containing less than 10% of ethanol or methanol. The gaso-
line used must have an octane number (R + M)/2 of 91 or higher.
NOTE: In most service station pump octane number corresponds to
(R + M)/2 octane number.
-
CAUTION
Never experiment with other fuels or fuel ratios. The use of
unrecommended fuel can result in snowmobile performance
deterioration and damage to critical parts in the fuel system
and engine components.
4
WARNING
Never top up the fuel tank before placing the snowmobile in
a warm area. As temperature increases, fuel expands and
might overflow. Fuel is flammable and explosive under cer-
tain conditions. Always wipe off any fuel or oil spillage from
the snowmobile.
63
Recommended Oil
Oil is contained in the oil injection reservoir.
Use BOMBARDIER SNOWMOBILE injection oil (P/N 413 8029 00 —
12 x 1 liter) available from authorized dealer. This type of oil will flow
at temperatures as low as minus 40°C (-40°F). If unavailable, substi-
tute with Blizzard Oil (P/N 413 8031 00 — 12 x 1 liter).
Always maintain a sufficient amount of recommended oil in the in-
jection oil reservoir.
COLD WEATHER CARBURETION
MODIFICATIONS
All vehicles have been calibrated for -20°C (-4°F). They can be oper-
ated at higher temperature without problems.
-
CAUTION
Never mix brands of 2-cycle oil as chemical reaction can
cause engine damage. Never use outboard or straight miner-
al oils.
-
CAUTION
Check level and refill every time you refuel. Wipe off any oil
spills. Oil is highly flammable.
-
CAUTION
For colder temperatures than -20°C (-4°F), carburetor(s) must
be recalibrated to avoid engine damage. Refer to an autho-
rized dealer.
64
BREAK-IN PERIOD
Engine
A break-in period of 10 to 15 operating hours — 500 km (300 mi) —
is required before running the snowmobile at full throttle.
During this period, maximum throttle should not exceed 3/4. How-
ever, brief full acceleration and speed variations contribute to a
good break-in. Continued wide open throttle accelerations, pro-
longed cruising speeds and engine overheating are detrimental dur-
ing the break-in period.
To assure additional protection during the initial engine break-in, 500 mL
(18 imp. oz) of BOMBARDIER injection oil (P/N 413 8029 00 — 12 x
1 liter), should be added to fuel for the first full filling of fuel tank.
Always remove and clean spark plugs after engine break-in.
Belt
A new drive belt requires a break-in period of 25 km (15 miles). Avoid
strong acceleration/deceleration, pulling a load or high speed cruising.
10-Hour Inspection
As with any precision piece of mechanical equipment, we suggest
that after the first 10 hours of operation — 500 km (300 mi) — or 30
days after the purchase, whichever comes first, your snowmobile be
checked by an authorized dealer. This inspection will give you the
opportunity to discuss the unanswered questions you may have en-
countered during the first hours of operation.
The 10-hour inspection is at the expense of the snowmobile
owner.
65
PRE-START CHECK
Check Points
• Activate the throttle control lever several times to check that it
operates easily and smoothly. It must return to idle position when
released.
• Activate the brake control lever and make sure the brake fully ap-
plies before the brake control lever touches the handlebar grip. It
must fully return when released.
• Verify skis and steering operate freely.
• Verify track and idler wheels are unfrozen and free to turn.
• Check fuel and injection oil levels.
• Ensure fuel shut-off valve is in fully open position, if so equipped.
• Verify air filter(s) is free of snow, if so equipped.
• Check gear shift lever position (models with reverse gear only).
• Clean and check operation of the headlight, taillight and brake
light.
4
WARNING
Only start your snowmobile once all components are checked
and functioning properly.
66
STARTING PROCEDURE
• Re-check throttle control lever operation.
• Ensure that the emergency cut-out switch is in the ON position.
• Ensure the tether cut-out cap is in position and that the cord is
attached to your clothing.
Primer Equipped Vehicles
• Activate the primer 2 or 3 times.
NOTE: Priming is not necessary when engine is warm.
Choke Equipped Vehicles
0. OFF
1. Position 1
2. Position 2
Initial Cold Starting
NOTE: Do not operate the throttle lever with the choke lever on.
Move the choke lever to position 2 and start the engine. As soon as
the engine starts move the lever to position 1. After a few seconds
(10 seconds maximum) move the choke lever to OFF.
NOTE: In severe cold weather, colder than -20°C (-4°F) you may
need to turn the choke on and off a couple of times to position 1
once engine is started.
0
1
2
A06H1KB
67
Warm Engine Starting
Start the engine without any choke. If the engine will not start after
two pulls of the rope or two 5 second attempts with the electric
starter move choke lever to position 1. Start the engine without acti-
vating the throttle lever. As soon as the engine starts move the
choke lever to OFF.
MX Z 670 and Summit x 670
These models are equipped with a DPM (Digital Performance Man-
agement). This system takes care of the fuel enrichment needed
during engine starting and warm-up. No throttle action is required. If
engine seems to be flooded, apply full throttle. The DPM will stop
fuel enrichment.
Manual Starting
Insert the key in the ignition switch and turn to ON position.
Grasp manual starter handle firmly and crank engine.
Electric Starting (some models only)
Insert key in ignition switch.
Turn key clockwise until starter engages.
Release key immediately when engine has started.
NOTE: If for any reason, the snowmobile cannot be started electri-
cally, place ignition key to ON position and start engine manually.
Emergency Starting
The engine can be started with the emergency starter rope supplied
with the tool kit.
Remove belt guard.
4
WARNING
Do not apply throttle while starting.
4
WARNING
Do not wind starting rope around your hand. Hold rope by
the handle only. Do not start the snowmobile by the drive
pulley unless it is a true emergency situation. Have the snow-
mobile repaired as soon as possible.
68
Attach emergency rope to rewind handle and to the starter clip sup-
plied in the tool kit.
NOTE: The spark plug socket can be used as an emergency handle.
Wind the rope tightly around drive pulley. When pulled, pulley must
rotate counterclockwise.
Tie a knot on rivet head side of clip. Hook up clip on drive pulley and
wind counterclockwise up to 3 turns.
A07D0UA
A17B01A
69
TYPICAL — BOMBARDIER LITE DRIVE PULLEY TYPE
1. Knot on this side
A03D25A
1
70
TYPICAL — TRA DRIVE PULLEY TYPE
1. Clip
Start engine as per usual manual starting.
4
WARNING
When starting the snowmobile in an emergency situation,
using drive pulley, do not reinstall the belt guard and return
slowly to have snowmobile repaired.
1
A19D13A
71
SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENTS
All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
For factory recommended adjustments refer to decal on pulley guard.
1. Decal
This decal describes settings for optimum comfort according to load
for your Ski-Doo model.
General
All Models
Snowmobile handling and comfort depend upon suspension adjust-
ments.
Choice of suspension adjustments vary with carrying load, driver’s
weight, personal preference, riding speed and field condition.
NOTE: Some adjustments may not apply to your snowmobile. Use
special keys in tool kit.
A03D2NB
1
72
TYPICAL
1. Rear springs for comfort
2. Center spring for steering behavior
3. Stopper strap for snowmobile weight transfer
4. Acceleration and control modulator (ACM) — Handling
5. Front spring for handling
6. Ski stopper for stability
Guidelines to Adjust Suspension
The best way to set up suspension, is to start from factory settings
then customize each adjustment one at a time in the right order
(steps 1 to 6). Then, test run the snowmobile always with the same
conditions; trail, speed, snow, driver riding position etc. Change ad-
justment and retest. Proceed methodically until you get satisfied.
Slight suspension bottoming occurring under the worst riding condi-
tions indicates a good choice of spring preload.
-
CAUTION
Whenever adjusting rear suspension, check track tension and
adjust as necessary.
A03H2AB
3 6 5 2 1 4
73
1. Rear Springs — Comfort
When driver and passenger (if so applicable) take place rear of snow-
mobile should collapse by 50 to 70 mm (2 to 3 in).
PROPER ADJUSTMENT
1. 50 to 75 mm (2 to 3 in)
-
CAUTION
Always adjust both rear springs to same position.
A03F2LA
1
74
TOO SOFT OF ADJUSTMENT
SC-10 SUSPENSION
1. Increase spring preload
-
CAUTION
Always turn the left side adjustment cam in a clockwise direc-
tion, the right side cam in a counterclockwise direction. Left and
right adjustment cams must always be set at the same position.
A03F2MA
1
A30F04A
RH LH
1
1
75
ARM SUSPENSION
1. Increase spring preload to same position for both springs
A03F2NA
1
76
TOO HARD OF ADJUSTMENT
SC-10 SUSPENSION
1. From highest position turn cam to desired position
-
CAUTION
Always turn the left side adjustment cam in a clockwise direc-
tion, the right side cam in a counterclockwise direction. Left and
right adjustment cams must always be set at the same position.
A03F2OA
1
A30F04A
RH LH
1
1
77
ARM SUSPENSION
1. Decrease spring preload to same position for both springs
2. Center Spring — Steering Behavior
Ride at moderate speed on a trail with bumpy conditions.
Note if steering is easy to turn.
Adjust center spring accordingly.
GOOD ADJUSTMENT AT MODERATE SPEED
1. Steering easy to turn
A03F2SA
1
A03F2PA
1
78
TOO SOFT OF ADJUSTMENT
1. Steering hard to turn
1. Adjuster wrench
A03F2PA
1
A03F21A
1
79
TOO HARD OF ADJUSTMENT
1. Steering less aggressive
1. Adjuster wrench
A03F2PA
1
A03F21B
1
80
3. Stopper Strap — Weight Transfer
Ride at low speed then fully accelerate. Note steering behavior. Ad-
just stopper strap length accordingly.
At rest stopper strap should have a free play of 12 mm (1/2 in).
GOOD ADJUSTMENT AT FULL ACCELERATION
1. Comfortable steering
2. Good weight transfer to the track
3. Light pressure of skis on the ground
-
CAUTION
Whenever stopper strap length is changed, track tension
must be readjusted.
A03F2OB
1
3 2
81
TOO LONG STRAP
1. Skis lift off the ground
Some Models
1. Loosen lock nut, turn knob accordingly then retighten lock nut
A03F2QA 1
A03F22A 1
82
TOO SHORT STRAP
1. Heavy steering
Some Models
1. Loosen lock nut, turn knob accordingly then retighten lock nut
A03F2PA
1
A03F22B 1
83
ARM Suspension Equipped Models
1. Loosen nut then move bolt to lower position then retighten nut
-
CAUTION
If applicable, adjust both stopper strap to same position.
A03F2RA
1
84
Some Models
1. Vary strap length by bolting to a different hole
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
A03F0QB
1
A29F06A
85
4. ACM — Handling
Ride at moderate speed and check for desired handling.
If handling is not satisfactory, turn the nut clockwise. Factory setting
is fully tighten.
1. Nut
If handling is too aggressive, turn the nut counterclockwise.
4
WARNING
Nut must be in good condition to avoid unexpected loosen-
ing. On the threaded rod there must be at least 2 threads ex-
posed beyond the nut. Vehicle may be operated without the
nut. However acceleration response will increase whereas
steering response will decrease.
1
A03F1EA
86
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Only
Suspended Extension Adjustment
Suspended extension can be adjusted according to the load and
snow conditions.
For better deep snow performance, first loosen lock nut then tighten
nut 3/4 turn after contacting washers. Retighten lock nut. Adjust the
same on both sides.
For trail riding with or without a load and for pulling a load, first loosen
lock nut. Turn to a maximum preload of 3 turns after nut touching
washers. Retighten lock nut. Adjust the same on both sides.
Shackle Movement Limiter
For deep snow riding, do not install horse shoe washer nor rubber
stoppers.
For trail riding with passenger and/or weight, install 1 horse shoe
washer under each rubber stoppers.
For trail riding with heavy load and/or pulling a load, use 2 horse shoe
washers under each rubber stoppers.
-
CAUTION
Always install same amount of washers on both sides.
87
1. Horse shoe washer(s)
2. Lock nut
3. Nut
1
2
3 A29F03A
88
5. Front Springs — Handling
Ride at moderate speed and check for proper handling.
Adjust front springs accordingly.
PROPER ADJUSTMENT
1. Good handling and comfortable steering
-
CAUTION
Always adjust both front springs to same position.
A03F2PA
1
89
TOO SOFT OF ADJUSTMENT
1. Bad handling
1. Increase spring preload
A03F2PA
1
A03F2IA
1
90
TOO HARD OF ADJUSTMENT
1. Steering hard to turn
1. Decrease spring preload
A03F2PA
1
A03F2JA
1
91
6. Ski Stopper Stability
When riding check for darting (unwanted side to side ski movement).
PROPER ADJUSTMENT
1. No darting
A03A07A
1
92
NOT ENOUGH PRELOAD
1. Darting
1. Loosen nut, adjust against ski stopper then retighten nut to 14 N•m
(124 lbf•in)
A03A08A
1
A16G0AC
1
93
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
In Deep Snow
When operating the snowmobile in deep snow, it may be necessary
to vary the position of front spring adjustment cam (rear suspension)
stopper strap and/or riding position, to change the angle at which the
track rides on the snow. Operator’s familiarity with the various ad-
justments as well as snow conditions will dictate the most efficient
combination.
Problem Corrective measures
Front suspension
wandering
– Check ski alignment and camber angle
adjustment. See an authorized dealer.
– Reduce ski ground pressure.
• Reduce front suspension spring preload.
• Increase center spring preload.
• Reduce rear spring preload.
Snowmobile seems
unstable and seems
to pivot around its
center
– Reduce rear suspension front arm pressure.
• Reduce center spring preload.
• Increase rear spring preload.
• Increase front suspension spring preload.
Steering feels too
heavy
– Reduce ski ground pressure.
• Reduce front suspension spring preload.
• Increase center spring preload.
Rear of snowmobile
seems too stiff
– Reduce rear spring preload.
Rear of snowmobile
seems too soft
– Increase rear spring preload.
Rear suspension
front shock absorber
is frequently
bottoming
– Lengthen stopper strap.
– Increase center shock preload.
Track slides too
much at start
– Lengthten stopper strap.
– Change driving position.
– Loosen ACM nut.
94
LUBRICATION AND
MAINTENANCE CHART
Some items may not apply to your particular model. Refer to LUBRI-
CATION and MAINTENANCE section of Shop Manual for more details.
' 10-HOUR OR 500 km (300 mi) INSPECTION
(To be performed by dealer)
^ WEEKLY OR EVERY 240 km (150 mi)
· MONTHLY OR EVERY 800 km (500 mi)
´ ONCE A YEAR OR EVERY 3200 km (2000 mi)
I STORAGE (To be performed by dealer)
I PRE-SEASON PREPARATION (To be performed by dealer)
LUBRICATION AND
MAINTENANCE CHART
' ^ · ´ I I
Starting Rope Condition
/
Engine Head Nuts
/ /
Engine Mount Nuts
/ /
Exhaust System
/ /
Engine Lubrication
/
Cooling System Condition
/ /
Coolant Replacement
/
Condition of Seals
/
Injection Oil Filter Condition
/
Injection Oil Filter Replacement
/
Oil Injection Pump Adjustment
/ /
Fuel Stabilizer
/
Fuel Filter Replacement
/
Fuel Lines and Connections
/ /
Carburetor Adjustment
/ /
Throttle Cable Inspection
/ / /
Air Filter Cleaning
/
Drive Belt Condition
/ /
Condition of Drive and Drive Pulleys
/ / /
Cleaning of Drive and Drive Pulleys
/
Retorquing of Drive Pulleys Screw
/
Driven Pulley Preload
/ /
Brake Fluid (change once a year)
/ / /
Brake Condition
/ /
Brake Adjustment
/
Lubrication of Ratchet Wheel
/
95
*Before installing new spark plugs at pre-season preparation, it is
suggested to burn excess storage oil by starting the engine with
the old spark plugs. Only perform this operation in a well ventilated
area.
LUBRICATION AND
MAINTENANCE CHART
' ^ · ´ I I
Drive Chain Tension
/ /
Countershaft Lubrication
/ / /
Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Level
/ /
Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Change
/
Gearbox Oil Change
(Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC only)
/
Lubrication of Drive Axle and Bearing
/ /
Handlebar Bolts, Retorque to 26 N•m (19 lbf•ft)
/
Steering and Front Suspension Mechanism
/ / /
Wear and Condition of Skis and Runners
/ /
Steering and Ski Leg Camber Adjustment
/ /
Suspension Adjustments AS REQUIRED
Suspension Lubrication
/ /
Suspension Condition
/ /
Suspension Stopper Strap Condition
/
Track Condition
/ /
Track Tension and Alignment
/
AS REQUIRED
Spark Plugs*
/ /
Engine Timing
/ /
Battery Condition
/ / /
Headlight Beam Aiming
/
Wiring Harnesses, Cables and Lines
/ /
Operation of Lighting System
(HI/LO Beam, Brake Light, etc.),
Test Operation of Emergency Cut-out
Switch and Tether Cut-out Switch
/ / /
Rags in Air Intake and Exhaust System
/ /
Engine Compartment
/ /
General Inspection
/ / /
96
FLUID LEVELS
Brake System
Check brake fluid (DOT 4) in reservoir for proper level. Add fluid (DOT
4) as required.
TYPICAL
1. Min.
-
CAUTION
Use only (DOT 4) brake fluid from a sealed container.
A03D22A
1
97
Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Level
Tundra/R
Check the oil level by removing the chaincase oil level plug.
1. Filler plug
2. Oil level plug
The oil should be level with the bottom of the oil level hole. Refill as
required using Bombardier chaincase oil (P/N 413 8019 00) until it
flows through oil level hole.
All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
With snowmobile on a level surface, check the oil level by removing
dipstick. Oil level must be between lower and upper marks. It is nor-
mal that some.
NOTE: It is normal to find metallic particles stuck to dipstick magnet.
If bigger pieces of metal are found, see an authorized dealer.
Remove metal particles from magnet.
Refill up to upper mark using BOMBARDIER synthetic chaincase oil
(P/N 413 8033 00 — 12 x 355 mL) for liquid cooled models and BOM-
BARDIER chaincase oil (P/N 413 8019 00 — 12 x 250 mL) for fan
cooled models.
-
CAUTION
Do not use unrecommended other types of oil when servic-
ing. Do not mix synthetic oil with other types of oil.
1
2
A03D02A
98
TYPICAL
1. Dipstick
2. Oil level
3. Level between marks
A03D2MA
1
2
3
1
99
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
To check, pull dipstick. Oil should reach level mark.
NOTE: Before initial start-up, the oil level may be higher than the full
mark. After first outing, oil level will decrease as the upper oil cavity
fills with oil.
To fill, remove filler plug from top of transmission. Refill as required
using Bombardier synthetic chaincase oil (P/N 413 8033 00 — 12 x
355 mL).
TYPICAL — SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC
1. Full level mark
2. Lower level mark
-
CAUTION
Do not use unrecommended other types of oil when servic-
ing. Do not mix this synthetic oil with other types of oil.
A29D0IA
1
2
100
Oil Injection System
Always maintain a sufficient amount of Bombardier Snowmobile in-
jection oil in the injection oil reservoir.
Tundra/R, Fan Cooled S-Series
TYPICAL
1. Injection oil reservoir
2. Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top
-
CAUTION
Never allow oil level to drop more than 2/3.
4
WARNING
Check level and refill every time you refuel. Do not overfill.
Wipe off any spillage. Oil is highly flammable.
1
2
A05C0CA
101
Skandic WT/SWT
TYPICAL
1. Injection oil reservoir
2. Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top
Skandic WT LC
1. Injection oil reservoir
2. Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top
A29C0CA
1
2
COLD LEVEL NIVEAU FROID
A29C0BA
1
2
102
Liquid Cooled S-Series
1. Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top
2. Injection oil reservoir
Cooling System
Liquid Cooled Models Only
Check coolant level at room temperature. Liquid should be at level
mark (engine cold) of coolant tank.
NOTE: When checking level at low temperature it may be slight lower
then mark.
If additional coolant is necessary or if entire system has to be refilled,
refer to an authorized dealer.
RO
TA
X
1
A03C16A
2
103
ALL MODELS EXCEPT SKANDIC WT LC
1. Coolant tank
2. COLD LEVEL line
SKANDIC WT LC
1. COLD LEVEL line
Battery Electrolyte
Some Models
See your dealer.
RO
TA
X
A03C16B
1
2
COLD LEVEL
NIVEAU FROID
A29C0BB
1
104
MAINTENANCE
Belt Guard Removal and Installation
Tundra/R
Open hood. Remove belt guard retaining pins and lift off the guard.
TYPICAL
1. Belt guard
2. Retaining pins
1
A05H0WA
2
105
All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
1. Open hood.
2. Open retainer to release pin then firmly lift belt guard. Proceed one
side at a time.
1. Pin retainer
When reinstalling belt guard, position its cut-away toward front of
snowmobile. Refer to decal on belt guard.
A03D2NC
1
106
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
Remove both retaining pins then belt guard.
TYPICAL
1. Retaining pins
All Models
NOTE: Belt guards are purposely made slightly oversize to maintain
tension on their pins and retainers preventing undue noise and vibra-
tion. It is important that this tension be maintained when reinstalling.
A29D0FA
1
107
Drive Belt Removal/Installation
1. Open hood and remove belt guard.
Some models may also require the disconnection of driven pulley
support.
TUNDRA/R
1. Raise
NOTE: Removal and installation of drive belt is easier when driven
pulley is held with brake so that it can not rotate. Apply parking brake,
on models so equipped, for this purpose.
A05D0PB
1
108
2. On some models, open the driven pulley with the drive belt installer/
remover provided in tool box.
– Screw tool in the threaded hole and tighten to open the pulley.
Remove belt.
SOME MODELS
1. Tighten to open pulley
On models not equipped with above driven pulley, open the driven
pulley by twisting and pushing the sliding half. Hold in fully open po-
sition.
1. Sliding half
1
A06D05A
1
A07D0KA
109
Slip the belt over the top edge of the sliding half, as shown.
All Models
To install the drive belt, reverse the removal procedure, however pay
attention to the following:
The maximum drive belt life span is obtained when the belt has the
proper rotation direction. Install it so the Bombardier name on the
belt can be read when facing pulleys.
1. Bombardier name
A04D0EA
BOMBARDIER
FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA
MADE IN CANADA
BOMBARDIER
FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA
MADE IN CANADA
BOMBARDIER
BOMBARDIER
FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA
MADE IN CANADA
FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA
MADE IN CANADA
A18D03A
1
110
Reposition and lock driven pulley support, on models so equipped.
On models so equipped, remove belt installer. Reinstall belt guard.
Drive Chain Tension
All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
NOTE: Tundra/R are equipped with an automatic tensioner. Skandic
WT/SWT/WT LC are equipped with gearbox without chain.
Remove hair pin.
Fully tighten tensioner adjustment screw by hand, then back off only
far enough for hair pin to engage in locking hole.
1. Hair pin
2. Adjustment screw
-
CAUTION
Do not force or use tools to pry the belt into place, as this
could cut or break the cords in the belt.
A03D23A 1
2
111
TRA Drive Pulley Adjustment
The drive pulley is factory calibrated to transmit maximum engine
power at a predefined RPM. Refer to SPECIFICATIONS at the end of
this guide. Factors such as ambient temperature, altitude or surface
condition may vary this critical engine RPM thus affecting snowmo-
bile efficiency.
This adjustable drive pulley allows setting maximum engine RPM in
the vehicle to maintain maximum power.
Calibration screws should be adjusted so that actual maximum en-
gine RPM in vehicle matches with the maximum horsepower RPM.
NOTE: Use precision digital tachometer for engine RPM adjust-
ment.
NOTE: The adjustment has an effect on high RPM only.
To adjust, modify ramp end position by turning calibration screws.
Calibration screw has a notch on top of its head.
1. Notch
Governor cup has 6 positions numbered 2 to 6. Not that in position 1
the number is substitued by a dot (due to its location on casting).
A16D0FA
1
112
1. Position 1 (not numbered)
Each number modifies maximum engine RPM by about 200 RPM.
Lower numbers decrease engine RPM in steps of 200 RPM and
higher numbers increase it in steps of 200 RPM.
Example:
Calibration screw is set at position 4 and is changed to position 6. So
maximum engine RPM is increased by 400 RPM.
To adjust:
Just loosen locking nut enough to pull calibration screw partially out
and adjust to desired position. Do not completely remove the locking
nut. Torque locking nuts to 10 N•m (89 lbf•in).
-
CAUTION
Do not completely remove calibration screw or its inside
washer will fall off. Always adjust all 3 calibration screws and
make sure they are all set at the same number.
A16D0GA
1
113
1. Loosen just enough to permit rotating of calibrate screw
Drive Belt Condition
Inspect belt for cracks, fraying or abnormal wear (uneven wear, wear
on one side, missing cogs, cracked fabric). If abnormal wear is noted,
probable cause could be pulley misalignment, excessive RPM with
frozen track, fast starts without warm-up period, burred or rusty
sheave, oil on belt or distorted spare belt. Contact an authorized dealer.
Check the drive belt width. Replace the drive belt if width is less than
the minimum width recommended in SPECIFICATIONS section.
Brake Condition
The brake mechanism on your snowmobile is an essential safety de-
vice. Keep this mechanism in proper working condition. Above all, do
not operate the snowmobile without an effective brake system. Pe-
riodically verify the condition/wear of the brake pads.
4
WARNING
Always reinstall drive belt guard. Do not operate engine with
hood open or drive belt guard removed. Improper servicing,
modification or poor adjustment may affect drive pulley per-
formance and belt life. Always refer to the Shop Manual or
obtain dealer advice before servicing or modifying the drive
or driven pulleys. Always respect maintenance schedules.
A16D0HA
1
114
Brake Adjustment
Mechanical Brake Only
The brake mechanism is a self-adjusting type. If a quicker brake re-
sponse is desired, strongly squeeze the brake lever several times,
this will actuate the adjusting mechanism.
Hydraulic Brake Only
No adjustment is provided for hydraulic brake. See an authorized
dealer if any problems.
Rear Suspension Condition
Visually inspect all suspension components including slider shoes,
springs, wheels, etc.
NOTE: During normal driving, snow will act as a lubricant and cool-
ant for the slider shoes. Extensive riding on ice or sanded snow, will
create excessive heat build-up and cause premature slider shoe
wear.
Suspension Stopper Strap Condition
Inspect stopper strap for wear and cracks, bolt and nut for tightness.
If loose inspect holes for deformation. Replace as required. Torque
nut to 9 N•m (80 lbf•in).
Track Condition
Lift the rear of the snowmobile and support it off the ground. With
the engine off, rotate the track by hand, and inspect condition. If
worn or cut, or if track fibers are exposed, or if missing or defective
inserts or guides are noted; contact an authorized dealer.
Track Tension and Alignment
Tension
NOTE: Ride the snowmobile in snow about 15 to 20 minutes prior
to adjusting track tension.
Lift rear of snowmobile and support it with a snowmobile mechan-
ical stand.
4
WARNING
Do not operate or rotate a track if torn, damaged or exces-
sively worn.
115
Allow the suspension to extend normally and check gap half-way
along slider shoe. The gap should be as given in the specification
section of this guide. If the track tension is too loose, track will have
a tendency to thump.
NOTE: A belt tension tester (P/N 414 3482 00) may be used to mea-
sure deflection as well as force applied.
1. Belt tension tester
TYPICAL
1. 7.3 kg (16 lb)
2. Deflection
A00C07A
1
1
2 A06F1WA
116
To adjust tension:
– Loosen the rear idler wheel retaining screws.
– Loosen the lock nuts (on some models only) then turn adjustment
screws to adjust.
If correct tension is unattainable, contact an authorized dealer.
TYPICAL
1. Adjustment screw
2. Loosen lock nut (some models only)
3. Loosen screw
Alignment
NOTE: Track tension and alignment are inter-related. Do not adjust
one without the other.
-
CAUTION
Too much tension will result in power loss and excessive
stresses on suspension components.
4
WARNING
Before checking track alignment, ensure that the track is free
of all particles which could be thrown out while track is rotat-
ing. Keep hands, tools, feet and clothing clear of track. Ensure
no one is standing in close proximity to the snowmobile.
1
2
3
A05F0EA
117
Start the engine and accelerate slightly so that track barely turns.
This must be done in a short period of time (1 to 2 minutes). Check
that the track is well centered; equal distance on both sides between
edges of track guides and slider shoes.
1. Guides
2. Slider shoes
3. Equal distance
To correct, stop the engine: Loosen the lock nuts (some models
only) and tighten the adjustment screw on side where the slider
shoe is the farthest from the track insert guides.
1. Guides
2. Slider shoes
3. Tighten on this side
A01F05A
1
2
3
A01F0BA
1
2
3
118
Tighten lock nuts (some models only) and adjustment screws.
TYPICAL
1. Retighten (some models only)
2. Retighten
Restart engine and rotate track slowly to recheck alignment.
Reposition snowmobile on ground.
Steering and Front Suspension Mechanism
Visually inspect steering and front suspension mechanism for tight-
ness of components (steering arms, control arms and links, tie rods,
ball joints, ski coupler bolts, etc.). If necessary, contact your dealer.
4
WARNING
If lock nuts or retaining screws are not tightened properly, the
adjusting screws could loosen causing the track to become
extremely loose and, under some operating conditions, al-
low the idler wheels to climb over the track lugs forcing the
track against the tunnel causing the track to “lock”.
1
2
A05F0EB
119
Wear and Condition of Skis and Runners
Check the condition of the skis, ski runners and ski runner carbides
(if so equipped). If worn, contact your authorized dealer.
Exhaust System
The tail pipe of the muffler should be centered with the exit hole in
the bottom pan. If must be free of rust or leaks.
The exhaust system is designed to reduce noise and to improve the
total performance of the engine. If any exhaust system component
is removed from the engine, severe engine damage will result.
Air Filter Cleaning
Tundra/R
Air filter is located on lower side portion of air intake silencer. Lift
hood and remove belt guard. Gently pull air filter sideward.
Ensure it is clean and dry. Shake snow out. Clean with a solvent and
dry as necessary.
4
WARNING
Excessively worn skis and/or ski runners will affect snowmo-
bile control.
120
1. Intake silencer
2. Air filter
S-Series Models
Leaving the snowmobile uncovered during a snowfall or riding in
deep powder snow may block air filter and choke the engine.
While riding in deep powder snow, periodically stop then shake the
snow from the filter and reinstall filter.
A05A05A
1
2
121
FILTER INSTALLED
REMOVING FILTER
A03H1JA
A03H1KA
122
SHAKING SNOW FROM FILTER
Remove snow from filter on air intake silencer.
A03H1LA
A03H1MA
123
Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC
Remove filter from air inlet duct. Shake the snow out of filter then,
dry it out.
1. Air filter installed in air inlet duct
Open hood and check that filter on air silencer is free of snow.
1. Air filter installed on top of air silencer
A29H0LA
1
A29H0MA
1
124
All Models
Check that the air box is clean and dry and properly reinstall the filter.
High Altitude Kit
If you reside or ride at altitudes above 1200 m (4000 ft), your snow-
mobile should have a high altitude kit installed. Refer to your autho-
rized BOMBARDIER dealer. Summit models are factory calibrated
for high altitude. These models can be converted for sea level utiliza-
tion.
Bulb Replacement
Always check light operation after bulb replacement.
Headlight
Tundra/R
If headlamp is burnt, tilt hood. Unplug connector from headlamp. Re-
move protector cap and unfasten bulb retainer clips. Detach bulb and
replace.
-
CAUTION
Snowmobile engines have been calibrated with the filter in-
stalled. Operating the snowmobile without it may cause en-
gine damage.
-
CAUTION
Do not change original factory calibration if snowmobile is
used below 1200 m (4000 ft) (except Summit models).
-
CAUTION
On applicable models, never touch glass portion of an halo-
gen bulb with bare fingers, it shortens its operating life. If
glass is touched, clean it with isopropyl alcohol which will
not leave a film on the bulb.
125
TYPICAL
1. Retainers clips
All Other Models
If the headlight bulb is burnt, tilt hood, unplug the connector from the
headlight. Remove the rubber boot and unfasten bulb retainer ring.
Detach the bulb and replace. Properly reinstall parts.
TYPICAL
1. Locking ring
1
A02E09A
A25H0JA
1
126
Instrument(s)
Bulb socket is always behind the instrument under a black rubber
boot. Pull rubber boot and socket to expose bulb. Pull bulb out of
socket.
1. Instruments sockets
Taillight
If taillight bulb is burnt, expose the bulb by removing the red plastic
lens. To remove, unscrew the 2 lens screws.
STORAGE
It is during summer, or when a snowmobile is not in use for more
than one month that proper storage is a necessity.
To prepare your snowmobile, follow the maintenance chart in MAIN-
TENANCE section.
1
A06H1EA
127
TROUBLESHOOTING
SYMPTOM: Engine turns over but fails to start
Possible causes What to do
1. Ignition switch, emergency cut-out
switch or tether switch is in the
OFF position.
Place all switches in the RUN or ON
position.
2. Mixture not rich enough to start
cold engine.
Check fuel tank level and check
starting procedure, particularly use of
the primer or the choke.
3. Flooded engine
(spark plug wet when removed).
Do not prime or choke. Remove wet
spark plug, turn ignition switch to OFF
and crank engine several times.
Install clean dry spark plug. Start
engine following usual starting
procedure. If engine continues to
flood, see an authorized dealer.
4. No fuel to the engine
(spark plug dry when removed).
Check fuel tank level; turn fuel valve
on if applicable; check fuel filter;
replace if clogged; check condition of
fuel and impulse lines and their
connections. A failure of the fuel
pump or carburetor has occurred.
Contact an authorized dealer.
5. Spark plug/ignition
(no spark).
Remove spark plug(s) then reconnect
to spark cap. Check that emergency
cut-out switch is at the ON position
and the tether cut-out switch cap is
snapped over the receptacle. Start
engine with spark plug(s) grounded to
engine away from spark plug hole. If
no spark appears, replace spark plug.
If trouble persists, contact an
authorized dealer.
128
SYMPTOM: Engine turns over but fails to start
Possible causes What to do
6. Engine compression. As the engine is pulled over with the
rewind starter, “cycles” of resistance
should be felt as piston goes past top
dead center (each piston on twin-
cylinder engines). If no pulsating
resistance is felt, it suggests a major
loss of compression. Contact an
authorized dealer.
SYMPTOM: Engine lacks acceleration or power
Possible causes What to do
1. Fouled or defective spark plug. Check item 5 of “Engine turns over but
fails to start”.
2. Lack of fuel to engine. Check item 4 of “Engine turns over but
fails to start”.
3. Carburetor adjustments. Contact an authorized dealer.
4. Drive belt worn too thin. If the drive belt has lost more than
3 mm (1/8 in) of its original width, it
will affect vehicle performance.
5. Drive and driven pulleys require
servicing.
Contact an authorized dealer.
6. Engine is overheating. On liquid cooled engines, check
coolant level, pressure cap,
thermostat and for air locks in cooling
system. On fan cooled engines, check
fan belt and its tension; clean cooling
fins of engine; if overheating persists,
contact an authorized dealer.
129
SYMPTOM: Engine backfire
Possible causes What to do
1. Faulty spark plug
(carbon accumulation).
See item 5 of “Engine turns over but
fails to start”.
2. Engine is running too hot. See item 6 of “Engine lacks
acceleration or power”.
3. Ignition timing is incorrect or there
is an ignition system failure.
Contact an authorized dealer.
SYMPTOM: Engine misfire
Possible causes What to do
1. Fouled/defective/
worn spark plugs.
Clean/verify spark plug and heat
range. Replace as required.
2. Too much oil supplied to engine. Improper oil pump adjustment, refer
to an authorized dealer. Improper
fuel/oil mixture. Drain fuel tank and
refill with appropriate mixture ratio.
3. Water in fuel. Drain fuel system and refill with fresh
fuel.
SYMPTOM: Snowmobile cannot reach full speed
Possible causes What to do
1. Drive belt. Check item 4 of “Engine lacks
acceleration or power”.
2. Incorrect track adjustment. See maintenance section and/or
dealer for proper alignment and
tension adjustments.
3. Pulleys misaligned. Contact an authorized dealer.
4. Engine. See items 1, 2, 6 and 7 of “Engine
lacks acceleration or power”.
130
SPECIFICATIONS
' to I and N.A.: see at end of specifications.
Bombardier Inc. reserves the right at any time to discontinue or
change specifications, designs features, models or equipment with-
out incurring obligation.
MODEL TUNDRA/R
FAN COOLED
S-SERIES MODELS
Engine
– Maximum power
engine speed
RPM 6900
377: 6900, 443: 7000
503: 7000
Drive belt
– Number 414 8276 00 415 0606 00
– New belt width mm (in) 36.5 (1-7/16) 34.3 (1-23/64)
– Wear limit width mm (in) 30.0 (1-3/16) 32.0 (1-1/4)
Spark plug
– Type NGK BR 9 ES NGK BR 9 ES
– Gap mm (in) 0.45 ( .018) 0.45 ( .018)
Track
– Tension
mm (in)
35 - 40
(1-3/8 - 1-9/16)
'
35 - 40
(1-3/8 - 1-9/16)
'
– Alignment
^ ^
Fuel
– Type
· ·
– Tank capacity
L (US gal) 26.0 (6.9)
40.0 (10.6)
37 (9.8) for MX Z 440
Oil (engine)
– Type
´ ´
– Tank capacity L (US oz) 1.9 (64) 2.6 (86.2)
Chaincase/Transmission Oil
– Type
I I
– Capacity mL (US oz) 200 (7) 250 (8.5)
Cooling System
– Type N.A. N.A.
– Capacity L (US oz) N.A. N.A.
Brake System Fluid
– Type DOT 4 DOT 4
131
' to I and N.A.: see at end of specifications
Bombardier Inc. reserves the right at any time to discontinue or
change specifications, designs features, models or equipment with-
out incurring obligation.
MODEL
G.T. 500/583
FORMULA Z 500/
Z 583/DL 500/DL 583
MX Z 500/583
SUMMIT 500/583
FORMULA Z 670
FORMULA DL 670
Engine
– Maximum power
engine speed
RPM
494: 7800
583: 7900
7700
Drive belt
– Number 414 8607 00 415 1063 00
– New belt width mm (in) 34.9 (1-3/8) 34.9 (1-3/8)
– Wear limit width mm (in) 32.0 (1-1/4) 32.0 (1-1/4)
Spark plug
– Type NGK BR 9 ES NGK BR 9 ES
– Gap mm (in) 0.45 ( .018) 0.45 ( .018)
Track
– Tension
mm (in)
35 - 40
(1-3/8 - 1-9/16)
'
35 - 40
(1-3/8 - 1-9/16)
'
– Alignment
^ ^
Fuel
– Type
· ·
– Tank capacity L (US gal) 40.0 (10.6) 40.0 (10.6)
Oil (engine)
– Type
´ ´
– Tank capacity L (US oz) 2.6 (86.2) 2.6 (86.2)
Chaincase/Transmission Oil
– Type
I I
– Capacity mL (US oz) 250 (8.5) 250 (8.5)
Cooling System
– Type I I
– Capacity L (US oz) 4.7 (160)
Summit: 5.0 (169)
4.7 (160)
Brake System Fluid
– Type DOT 4 DOT 4
132
' to I and N.A.: see at end of specifications
Bombardier Inc. reserves the right at any time to discontinue or
change specifications, designs features, models or equipment with-
out incurring obligation.
MODEL
MX Z 670
SUMMIT x 670
SKANDIC
WT/SWT/WT LC
Engine
– Maximum power
engine speed RPM 8000
WT: 6800
SWT: 6500
WT LC: 7000
Drive belt
– Number 415 1063 00 414 6338 00
– New belt width mm (in) 34.9 (1-3/8) 34.9 (1-3/8)
– Wear limit width mm (in) 32.0 (1-1/4) 32 (1-1/4)
Spark plug
– Type NGK BR 9 ES NGK BR 9 ES
– Gap mm (in) 0.45 ( .018) 0.45 ( .018)
Track
– Tension
mm (in)
35 - 40
(1-3/8 - 1-9/16)
'
50
(1-31/32)
'
– Alignment
^ ^
Fuel
– Type
I ·
– Tank capacity L (US gal) 40.0 (10.6) 40 (10.6)
Oil (engine)
– Type
´ ´
– Tank capacity L (US oz) 2.6 (86.2) 2.55 (86)
Chaincase/Transmission Oil
– Type
I I
– Capacity mL (US oz) 250 (8.5) 500 (17)
Cooling System
– Type
I WT LC: I
– Capacity L (US oz) MX Z 670: 4.7 (160)
SUMMIT x 670: 5.0
(169)
WT LC: 4.0 (139)
Brake System Fluid
– Type DOT 4 DOT 4
133
' Measure gap between slider shoe and bottom inside of track
when exerting a downward pull of 7.3 kg (16 lb) to the track.
^ Equal distance between edges of track guides and slider shoes.
· Regular unleaded gasoline with a minimum octane number of 87
(R + M)/2.
´ Bombardier injection oil (P/N 413 8029 00 — 1 L).
I Bombardier chaincase oil (P/N 413 8019 00 — 12 x 250 mL).
I Bombardier synthetic chaincase oil (P/N 413 8033 00 — 12 x 355
mL).
I Ethylene-glycol antifreeze for aluminum engines mixed with water
(3 parts of antifreeze for 2 parts of water).
I Super unleaded gasoline with a minimum octane number of 91
(R + M)/2.
N.A.: Not applicable
OTHER PUBLICATIONS AVAILABLE
Order from your SKI-DOO dealer.
' Ask your dealer for the appropriate volume you need.
PUBLICATIONS P/N
1999 Shop Manual (english) '
Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3
484 2000 01
484 2000 03
484 2000 05
1999 High Altitude Technical Data
(loose sheets)
484 3000 03
Binder 484 0545 00
1995 - 1999 Specification Booklet 484 3000 02
1999 Racing Handbook 484 3000 04
134
CHANGE OF ADDRESS
OR OWNERSHIP
If your address or owner has changed, be sure to fill out and mail the
card provided on next page.
Such notification is likewise necessary for your own safety even af-
ter expiration of the original warranty, since Bombardier will be in a
position to contact you if correction to your snowmobile becomes
necessary.
NOTICE TO ALL NEW OWNERS:
Make sure to receive the warranty registration card from the previ-
ous owner, when the ownership is transferred, as you are entitled to
the unexpired portion of the warranty.
STOLEN UNITS
If the event that your snowmobile is stolen, you should notify your
area distributor’s warranty department of such.
Please provide your name, address, phone number, vehicle serial
number and date it was stolen.
Bombardier will provide a list of stolen units to all Ski-Doo dealers on
a monthly basis to aid in recovery of such units to their owners.
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2
L
0

SAFETY WARNING
Disregarding any of the safety precautions and instructions contained in this Operator’s Guide, Safety Handbook or onproduct labels could cause injury, including the possibility of death. This Operator’s Guide handbook should remain with the snowmobile at all time.

AFTER SALES SERVICE BOMBARDIER INC. VALCOURT, QUEBEC CANADA J0E 2L0

The following are trademarks of Bombardier Inc. BOMBARDIER® FORMULA* SKANDIC* SKI-DOO® TUNDRA*

Litho’d in Canada ®*Trademarks of Bombardier Inc. All rights reserved © Bombardier Inc. 1998

(MMO-9901 GM)

1999 SKI-DOO OPERATOR’S GUIDE
This guide is applicable to:

Tundra/R Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC and to the following S-Series models: Touring E/LE/SLE Grand Touring 500/583 Skandic 380/500 Formula S/SL/Z 500/Z 583/Z 670 Formula Deluxe 377/500/503/583/670 MX Z 440/500/583/670 Summit 500/583/x 670

1

Dealer Number Vehicle Model Number Vehicle Serial Number Owner A00K03A Expiration Date (Year/Month/Day) WARRANTY CARD You are invited to contact our customer relation staff should you experience problems which cannot be resolved by your dealer. 2 .FOREWORD Congratulations on your purchase of a new SKI-DOO snowmobile. We trust you have taken full advantage of this! If you need more complete servicing information. you were also informed of the warranty coverage and completed the Warranty Registration Form which is to be sent to us for processing. your dealer would have explained the snowmobile controls and provided you with a brief explanation of the various suspension adjustments. He has taken training to perform the initial set-up and inspection of your snowmobile as well as completed the final adjustment required to suit your specific weight and riding environment before you took possession. At delivery. service or accessories you may require. In the near future you should be receiving a warranty card which will confirm our receipt of the registration as well as be used for warranty or recall purposes. Whatever model you have chosen. At delivery. Your dealer is committed to your satisfaction. it is backed by the Bombardier warranty and a network of authorized SKI-DOO snowmobile dealers ready to provide the parts. please ask your dealer about the proper model — year SKI-DOO Shop Manual.

could cause serious personal injuries including possibility of death. features. The information and components/system descriptions contained in this guide are correct at time of publication. could severely damage snowmobile components. x - WARNING Identifies an instruction which. These guides use the following symbols.NOTICE The Operator’s Guide and the Snowmobiler’s Safety Handbook have been prepared to acquaint the owner/operator and passenger of a new snowmobile with the various snowmobile controls. The illustrations show the typical construction of the different assemblies and. if not followed. Each is indispensable for the proper use of the product. 3 . designs. however. may not reproduce the full detail or exact shape of the parts shown. NOTE: Indicates supplementary information needed to fully complete an instruction. maintenance and safe operating instructions. in all cases. if not followed. We also reserve the right at any time to discontinue or change specifications. they represent parts which have the same or a similar function. CAUTION Denotes an instruction which. models or equipment without incurring obligation.

............................... Engine Serial Number Location ................ BOMBARDIER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED WARRANTY: 1999 SKI-DOO® SNOWMOBILE............................................................................................. 10) Primer Button ................. 6) Tether Cut-out Switch ................................ 20) High Beam Pilot Lamp (Blue) .............................................................................................. 7) Emergency Cut-out Switch ............................ 23) Heated Grip Switch .................................................................................................... 2) Brake Lever ............................................................................... 19) Fuel Tank Cap/Gauge ............................................................ 16) Tachometer .....TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................. OFTEN ASKED QUESTIONS........................................................................................................................ 4) Gear Shift Lever or Reverse Button .................................................. 13) Odometer ........................................................................................................... 4 7 8 10 12 14 14 15 15 16 18 26 28 28 29 30 36 37 41 42 42 43 43 44 44 44 44 44 45 46 46 46 46 46 47 ........................... AUTHORIZED SKI-DOO DEALERS ................ CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS ..................................... HOW TO IDENTIFY YOUR SNOWMOBILE ................................................................................................... 12) Speedometer................................................................... 18) Electric Fuel Level Gauge .......................................................... 17) Temperature Gauge .................................................... SAFETY MEASURES ......................................... 14) Trip Meter.................... LIST OF CUSTOMER RELATIONS OFFICES ............ 15) Trip Meter Reset Button ... ON-VEHICLE IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS .. Vehicle Serial Number Location ................................... 9) Rewind Starter Handle ................... BOMBARDIER LIMITED WARRANTY: 1999 SKI-DOO® SNOWMOBILE.................................................... 8) Headlamp Dimmer Switch ............................... 3) Parking Brake Button............................... 11) Choke Lever ................................................................................................................................ 22) Engine Overheat Warning Lamp (Red) .............. 1) Throttle Lever ................................................................................. 5) Ignition Switch............................................................. 21) Injection Oil Level Pilot Lamp (Red) .................................

..................................... PRE-START CHECK .............................................................................................................................................. 28) Hood Latches ................................................ In Deep Snow ............................................................................. Fuses ..................................................................................................................... 27) Rear Passenger Heated Grip Switch............................................................... Recommended Fuel............... Manual Starting.... Hitch.................................................................................................................................................................. Spare Drive Belt Holder ..................................................................................................................................... BREAK-IN PERIOD ...... Holding Strap ........... STARTING PROCEDURE.................................................................................... 47 48 48 48 48 48 49 49 50 51 51 54 54 56 56 56 57 58 61 62 62 63 63 64 64 64 64 65 65 66 67 67 67 71 71 72 93 93 94 5 ..................... 10-Hour Inspection.... FUEL AND OIL ....................................................23 )and 25) Heated Grip and Throttle Lever ............................ TROUBLESHOOTING CHART........................................................................................... Recommended Oil ...................... SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENTS..................................... LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE CHART ..... 24) Heated Grip Pilot Lamp (Amber) ................................................................................................ 26) Heated Throttle Lever Pilot Lamp (Amber) ............... Guidelines to Adjust Suspension ................................................................................................................... Emergency Starting ........... Belt.................. Hood Grills .................. Spark Plug Holder ................................................................... Electric Starting (some models only) ......... 29) Adjustable Mirrors........................................................................................... COLD WEATHER CARBURETION MODIFICATIONS ................................................ Front Grab Handles/Front Bumper...... General............................................................... Fuel Shut-off Valve........................................................................................................... 30) Electric Visor Jack Connector ................................................................... 25) Heated Throttle Lever Switch .......... Engine ............................. Adjustable Backrest ............................................................ Storage Compartment .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Tool Kit ............................................................................................................................. Check Points ............................................................................

FLUID LEVELS.......................................................................... 96 Brake System ............................................................................ 96 Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Level..................................................... 97 Oil Injection System .................................................................. 100 Cooling System ......................................................................... 102 Battery Electrolyte ..................................................................... 103 MAINTENANCE ....................................................................... Belt Guard Removal and Installation ......................................... Drive Belt Removal/Installation ................................................. Drive Chain Tension .................................................................. TRA Drive Pulley Adjustment .................................................... Drive Belt Condition .................................................................. Brake Condition ......................................................................... Brake Adjustment...................................................................... Rear Suspension Condition ....................................................... Suspension Stopper Strap Condition......................................... Track Condition.......................................................................... Track Tension and Alignment .................................................... Steering and Front Suspension Mechanism ............................. Wear and Condition of Skis and Runners.................................. Exhaust System ........................................................................ Air Filter Cleaning ...................................................................... High Altitude Kit ........................................................................ Bulb Replacement ..................................................................... 104 104 107 110 111 113 113 114 114 114 114 114 118 119 119 119 124 124

STORAGE ................................................................................. 126 TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................. 127 SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................... 130 OTHER PUBLICATIONS AVAILABLE...................................... 133 CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR OWNERSHIP .............................. 134

6

; SAFETY MEASURES
Observe the Following Warnings:
; For vehicles with a parking brake always engage brake when vehicle is not in use. ; Throttle mechanism should be checked for free movement before starting engine. ; The snowmobile engine can be stopped by activating the emergency cut-out button, pulling the tether cord or turning off the key. ; Engine should be running only when belt guard and/or pulley guard is secured in place. Never run the engine without drive belt installed. Running an unloaded engine can prove to be dangerous. ; Never run the engine when the track is raised off the ground or with the hood opened or removed. ; Maintain your snowmobile in top mechanical condition at all times. ; Your snowmobile is not designed to be operated on public streets, roads or highways. In most States and Provinces, it is considered an illegal operation. ; Electric start models only: Never charge or boost a battery while installed on snowmobile. ; Do not lubricate throttle and/or brake cables and housings. ; Only perform procedures as detailed in this guide. Unless otherwise specified, engine should be turned OFF and cold for all lubrication and maintenance procedures. ; Some snowmobiles are designed for the driver only and no provisions have been made for a passenger. ; The performance of some snowmobiles may significantly exceed that of other snowmobiles you have operated. Therefore, use by novice or inexperienced operators is not recommended. ; The engine and components used in a particular model should not be used on other models. Use of Rotax® snowmobile engines in other than SKI-DOO snowmobiles is not recommended or authorized by Bombardier Inc. ; Most components of this snowmobile are built with parts dimensioned in the metric system. Most fasteners are metric and must not be replaced by customary fasteners or vice versa.

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BOMBARDIER LIMITED WARRANTY 1999 SKI-DOO® SNOWMOBILE
1. WARRANTY COVERAGE PERIOD BOMBARDIER INC. ("Bombardier"), as manufacturer, warrants FROM THE DATE OF DELIVERY TO THE FIRST CONSUMER that each 1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile sold, as NEW and UNUSED and PREDELIVERED by an authorized North American SKI-DOO snowmobile dealer, will be free from any defects in material and/or workmanship for a period of TWELVE (12) CONSECUTIVE MONTHS. The warranty coverage period on a snowmobile delivered between June 1st and December 1st of a given year will expire December 1st of the following year. All genuine Bombardier accessories, installed by an authorized SKI-DOO dealer at the time of delivery of the new and unused SKI-DOO, carry the same Warranty Coverage Period as for the SKI-DOO snowmobile. 2. WHAT BOMBARDIER WILL DO BOMBARDIER will repair or replace, at its option, all genuine BOMBARDIER part found defective in material and/or workmanship, under normal use, maintenance and service, with a genuine BOMBARDIER part without charge for parts and labor, at any authorized SKI-DOO dealer during the Warranty Coverage Period. 3. CONDITION TO HAVE WARRANTY WORK VALIDATED The customer must notify an authorized SKI-DOO dealer within two (2) days of the appearance of a defect in material and/or workmanship and present to the servicing authorized SKI-DOO dealer the SKI-DOO Warranty Registration Card or a proof of purchase of the NEW and UNUSED 1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile and must sign the repair/work order prior to the start of the repair in order to validate a warranty repair. All parts replaced under this limited warranty become the property of BOMBARDIER. 4. EXCLUSIONS - ARE NOT WARRANTED • Normal wear and tear items; • Labor, parts and lubricant costs of all maintenance services; • Damage caused by failure to provide proper maintenance and/or storage, as described in the “1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile Operator's Guide”; • Damage resulting from improper repairs, modifications or use of nonapproved parts or, repairs done by a non-authorized SKI-DOO dealer; • Damage resulting from abuse, misuse, neglect, racing or using the SKI-DOO snowmobile on surfaces other than snow; • Damage resulting from accident, fire, theft, vandalism or any act of God; • Incidental or consequential damages, or damages of any kind as but not limited to towing charges, telephone calls or taxi; and • Damages resulting from improper service or maintenance.

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being understood that such modification will not alter the warranty conditions applicable to the SKI-DOO snowmobile sold while this warranty is in effect. EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. and/or affiliates. Some states or provinces do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages. WHERE APPLICABLE. 6. 9 . any authorized SKI-DOO dealer nor any other person has been authorized to make any affirmation. such affirmation. BOMBARDIER reserves the right to modify this warranty at any time. including but not limited to loss of use and transportation costs. RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS SNOWMOBILES CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE CENTER VALCOURT QC J0E 2L0 Tel: (514) 532-5000 In USA: BOMBARDIER MOTOR CORPORATION OF AMERICA RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS SNOWMOBILES CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE CENTER P. In no event shall BOMBARDIER be liable for special. consequential or incidental damages. please submit in writing your complaint to: In Canada: BOMBARDIER INC. THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY GIVEN AND ACCEPTED IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES. Neither the distributor. RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS SNOWMOBILES January 1998 ® Registered trademark of Bombardier Inc. so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply. and you may also have other legal rights which may vary from state to state. or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts. representation or warranty other than those contained in this warranty.O. the DISTRIBUTOR's Service Department should be contacted in order to resolve the matter. c) If the issue has still not been resolved. LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY This warranty gives you specific rights. CONSUMER ASSISTANCE a) In the event of a controversy or a dispute arising in connection with this BOMBARDIER LIMITED WARRANTY. and if made. BOMBARDIER suggests that you try to resolve the issue at the dealership level. representation or warranty shall not be enforceable against BOMBARDIER or any other person. b) If further assistance is required.5. or province to province. INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. We recommend discussing the issue with the authorized dealer's service manager or owner. BOX 8035 7575 BOMBARDIER COURT WAUSAU WI 54402-8035 Tel: (715) 848-4957 BOMBARDIER INC.

or damages of any kind as but not limited to towing charges. neglect. repairs done by a non-authorized SKI-DOO dealer. 4. All parts replaced under this limited warranty become the property of BOMBARDIER. as NEW and UNUSED and PREDELIVERED by an authorized SKI-DOO snowmobile dealer. telephone calls or taxi. vandalism or any act of God. EXCLUSIONS . theft. WARRANTY COVERAGE PERIOD BOMBARDIER INC. with a genuine BOMBARDIER part without charge for parts and labor. at any local authorized SKI-DOO dealer. • Incidental or consequential damages. 3. installed by an authorized SKI-DOO dealer at the time of delivery of the new and unused SKI-DOO snowmobile.BOMBARDIER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED WARRANTY 1999 SKI-DOO® SNOWMOBILE 1. 10 . • Damage resulting from accident. misuse. • Damage resulting from abuse. and • Damages resulting from improper service or maintenance. all genuine BOMBARDIER part found defective in material and/or workmanship. repair or replace. during the Warranty Coverage Period. at its option. will be free from any defects in material and/or workmanship for a PERIOD of TWELVE (12) CONSECUTIVE MONTHS. duly appointed by an authorized SKI-DOO International Distributor. parts and lubricant costs of all maintenance services. All genuine Bombardier accessories. CONDITION TO HAVE WARRANTY WORK VALIDATED The customer must notify a local authorized SKI-DOO dealer within two (2) days of the appearance of a defect in material and/or workmanship and present to the servicing authorized SKI-DOO dealer the SKI-DOO Warranty Registration Card or a proof of purchase of the NEW and UNUSED 1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile and must sign the repair/work order prior to the start of the repair in order to validate a warranty repair. racing or using the SKI-DOO snowmobile on surfaces other than snow. ("Bombardier"). as manufacturer. maintenance and service. warrants FROM THE DATE OF DELIVERY TO THE FIRST CONSUMER that each 1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile sold anywhere in the world except the United States and Canada. under normal use. • Labor. carry the same Warranty Coverage Period as for the SKI-DOO snowmobile. modifications or use of nonapproved parts or. • Damage caused by failure to provide proper maintenance and/or storage. as described in the “1999 SKI-DOO snowmobile Operator's Guide”. • Damage resulting from improper repairs. 2. fire. WHAT BOMBARDIER WILL DO BOMBARDIER through the local SKI-DOO International Distributor will.ARE NOT WARRANTED • Normal wear and tear items.

and/or affiliates. the authorized local SKI-DOO INTERNATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR's Service Department should be contacted in order to resolve the matter. EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. c) If the issue has still not been resolved. RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS SNOWMOBILES INTERNATIONAL SERVICE DEPARTMENT VALCOURT QUEBEC J0E 2L0 CANADA BOMBARDIER INC. where the SKI-DOO snowmobile is intended to be used. INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. being understood that such modification will not alter the warranty conditions applicable to the SKI-DOO snowmobile sold while this warranty is in effect. and if made. 11 . It is the customer's responsibility to ensure that the SKI-DOO snowmobile complies with all snowmobile regulations and standards of any country.5. or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts. including but not limited to loss of use and transportation costs. it is then understood and agreed that in the event of any discrepancy among the two versions. WHERE APPLICABLE. representation or warranty shall not be enforceable against BOMBARDIER or any other person. Some country do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages. RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS SNOWMOBILES January 1998 ® Registered trademark of Bombardier Inc. the English version shall prevail. other than the original country of sale. Neither the SKI-DOO International Distributor. representation or warranty other than those contained in this warranty. please submit in writing your complaint to: BOMBARDIER INC. In no event shall BOMBARDIER be liable for special. b) If further assistance is required. A specific SKI-DOO International Distributor may elect to translate this warranty into local language. Every SKI-DOO snowmobile is sold with the English version of this warranty. and you may also have other legal rights resulting from the application of mandatory national laws which may vary from country to country. so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply. BOMBARDIER reserves the right to modify this warranty at any time. consequential or incidental damages. THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY GIVEN AND ACCEPTED IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES. BOMBARDIER suggests that you try to resolve the issue at the dealership level. We recommend discussing the issue with the authorized dealer's service manager or owner. LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY This warranty gives you specific rights. the selling local SKI-DOO dealer nor any other person has been authorized to make any affirmation. such affirmation. 6. CONSUMER ASSISTANCE a) In the event of a controversy or a dispute arising in connection with this BOMBARDIER INTERNATIONAL LIMITED WARRANTY.

However. if a particular failure is caused by operation or maintenance other than is shown in the Operator’s Guide. c) be contacted much faster by the police. Your registration card will provide the dealer with all the necessary data to complete warranty claim forms. This includes service work performed by the customer. carburetion and oil injection/or oil mixture. Make sure the card has been sent. All of this will allow you to: a) have warranty work performed at any authorized Bombardier dealer in North America. b) be advised by Bombardier should there be a safety recall or particular warranty campaign. the minute they find your stolen snowmobile (if such a case occurs). if I do not operate or maintain my new snowmobile exactly as specified in the Operator’s Guide? A: The warranty of the new snowmobile cannot be “Voided” or “Cancelled” if predelivered by an authorized dealer. THAT failure may not be covered under warranty. Q: Where can I find information on the lubrication and maintenance of my snowmobile? A: In the Operator’s Guide provided with the snowmobile at the time of delivery. It allows the state or province to maintain records of existing snowmobiles and governmental agencies use part of the registration fees for establishing and maintaining trails. A: Registration is very important and your dealer must register your snowmobile with Bombardier Inc. especially the critical adjustments: ignition timing. Q: Why must my snowmobile be registered with the governing body having jurisdiction over snowmobile use? A: Snowmobile registration has two purposes: In many provinces or states it is mandatory to register a snowmobile in the same way as for a car. 12 . Q: Will the entire warranty be voided or cancelled.OFTEN ASKED QUESTIONS Q: Why must my snowmobile be registered at the factory? After all I do have my original invoice as proof of when I purchased my snowmobile.

It is recognized. If the problem already has been reviewed with the Sales Manager or Service Manager. complaints are the result of a breakdown in communications and can quickly be resolved by a member of the dealership management. any problems that arise in connection with the sales transaction or the operation of your snowmobile will be handled by your Dealers Sales or Service Departments. Q: What costs are my responsibility during the warranty period? A: The customer’s responsibility includes all costs of normal maintenance services. that despite the best intentions of everyone concerned. Frequently. any “Genuine” Bombardier part used in warranty repairs assumes the remaining warranty that exists on the snowmobile. and spark plugs. chain failure caused by a Iack of lubrication. non-warranty repairs. operating the snowmobile with a broken or damaged part which causes another part to fail. We are always pleased to receive your comments on the Ski-Doo snowmobile. and so on. Some specific examples may include: running the snowmobile out of oil. Q: Are “Genuine” Bombardier replacement parts used in warranty repairs covered by warranty? A: Yes. Q: If I sell my snowmobile within the warranty period. please contact your dealer for advice. misunderstandings will sometimes occur. contact the Dealer himself or the General Manager. Q: How can I receive the best owner assistance? A: The satisfaction and goodwill of the owners of Bombardier products are of primary concern to your dealer and Bombardier Inc. as well as oils. 13 .Q: Would you give some examples of abnormal use or strain. will the new owner qualify for the balance of the warranty? A: Yes. neglect or abuse which may affect warranty? A: These terms are general and overlap each other in areas. accidents and collision damage. When installed by an authorized dealer. provided the re-sale has been registered with the manufacturer. Normally. If you have any specific questions on operation or maintenance. however. and incidental or consequential damages costs as explained in the warranty.

Your local dealer can provide distributor contact information. contact your local distributor. WI 54402-8035. Canada J0E 2L0 Telephone: (514) 532-5000 Fax: (514) 532-5077 USA BOMBARDIER MOTOR CORPORATION OF AMERICA 7575 Bombardier Court P. Box 8035. USA Telephone: (715) 848-4957 Fax: (715) 848-4978 OTHER COUNTRIES For customer relations. 14 .LIST OF CUSTOMER RELATIONS OFFICES CANADA BOMBARDIER INC. Wausau. AUTHORIZED SKI-DOO DEALERS For North-America Only To find the nearest authorized ski-doo dealer. Quebec. 726 St-Joseph Street Valcourt. dial: 1-800-375-4366.O.

Serial number 15 . Vehicle Serial Number Location A03H2AA 1 TYPICAL — MOST MODELS 1. We strongly recommend that you take note of all the serial numbers on your snowmobile and supply them to your insurance company. if the engine serial number or VIN is removed or mutilated in any way. No warranty will be allowed by Bombardier Inc.HOW TO IDENTIFY YOUR SNOWMOBILE The main components of your snowmobile (engine and frame) are identified by different serial numbers. These numbers are required by the dealer to complete warranty claims properly. It may sometimes become necessary to locate these numbers for warranty purposes or to trace your snowmobile in the event of loss.

Serial number Engine Serial Number Location 1 A05A0CA TUNDRA/R 1.1 A22H0FA TYPICAL — SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC 1. Serial number 16 .

Serial number 1 A03C1FA LIQUID COOLED S-SERIES MODELS AND SKANDIC WT LC 1.1 A25C0MA FAN COOLED S-SERIES MODELS AND SKANDIC WT/SWT 1. Serial number 17 .

Vérifier souvent les accouplements. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A03A04A 9 TYPICAL — LOCATION OF IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS 1 Verify attachments frequently. Utiliser une barre rigide.ON-VEHICLE IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS Please read the following instructions carefully before operating snowmobile. Use rigid tow bar. Remorquer à vitesse réduite. Reduce speed when towing. SKANDIC 380/500 AND SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC 18 . A01A1WA TUNDRA/R.

2 A01A1XA SUMMIT 500/583/x 670 2 A01A1YA TOURING E/LE/SLE 19 .

3 A01A1ZA SINGLE SEAT MODELS 20 .

. DO NOT CARRY PASSENGER(S). START ENGINE AND CHECK: EMERGENCY CUT-OUT SWITCH AND ALL CONTROLS WORK NORMALLY. A01A20A SINGLE SEAT MODELS 21 . DRIVE CAREFULLY.QUE TOUT GARDE SOIT EN PLACE ET QUE LE CAPOT SOIT FERMÉ. avant toute mise en route. BEFORE STARTING ENGINE.ALL GUARDS ARE IN PLACE AND CAB IS CLOSED. SEATING ON THIS VEHICLE IS RESTRICTED TO THE OPERATOR ONLY.AVERTISSEMENT.WARNING. Read and follow all Warning Labels & Operators Guide/Safety Handbook before operation. CONDUISEZ PRUDEMMENT.4 . S'ASSURER QUE: LA MANETTE D'ACCÉLÉRATEUR FONCTIONNE LIBREMENT . AVANT DE DÉMARRER LE MOTEUR. Severe injury or death can result from ignoring warnings or through improper use of snowmobile. CHECK: THROTTLE LEVER MOVES FREELY . DÉMARRER LE MOTEUR ET S'ASSURER QUE: L'INTERRUPTEUR D'URGENCE ET TOUS LES CONTRÔLES FONCTIONNENT NORMALEMENT. Ce véhicule n'est pas conçu pour le transport de passager(s) Conducteur seulement. Lisez et respectez scrupuleusement tous les avertissements contenus dans le Manuel du conducteur.

ATTENTION: Le groupe moteur a été conçu pour fonctionner avec ce silencieux d'admission. A02A07A ALL MODELS 22 . CHECK: THROTTLE LEVER MOVES FREELY .4 WARNING: Read and follow all Warning Labels & Operators Guide/Safety Handbook before operation.ALL GUARDS ARE IN PLACE AND CAB IS CLOSED. BEFORE STARTING ENGINE. Operation without air intake silencer or not properly installed may cause engine damage. DRIVE CAREFULLY. AVANT DE DÉMARRER LE MOTEUR. A01A21A DOUBLE SEAT MODELS 5 CAUTION: To comply with noise regulations. S'ASSURER QUE: LA MANETTE D'ACCÉLÉRATION FONCTIONNE LIBREMENT-QUE TOUT GARDE SOIT EN PLACE ET QUE LE CAPOT SOIT FERMÉ. AVERTISSEMENT: Lisez et respecter scrupuleusement tous les avertissements contenus dans le Manuel du conducteur. this engine is designed to operate air intake silencer. Severe injury or death can result from ignoring warnings or through improper use of snowmobile. avant toute mise en route. afin de se conformer aux réglements relatifs au bruit. START ENGINE AND CHECK: EMERGENCY CUT-OUT SWITCH AND ALL CONTROLS WORK NORMALLY. Son absence ou son montage défectueux peut endommager le moteur. DÉMARRER LE MOTEUR ET S'ASSURER QUE: L'INTERRUPTEUR D'URGENCE ET TOUS LES CONTRÔLES FONCTIONNENT NORMALEMENT. CONDUISEZ PRUDEMMENT.

A02A06A ALL MODELS 7 A01A24A TYPICAL — ALL MODELS 23 .6 . . WARNING FRONT AVANT Engine should not be running without this guard in place. AVERTISSEMENT Le moteur ne doit jamais fonctionner sans que ce protecteur soit en place.

SI LES CHARGES EXCÈDENT LES PLAGES MONTRÉES CI-HAUT. CONSULT YOUR DEALER.8 SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENT CHART/TABLEAU DES RÉGLAGES DE LA SUSPENSION FRONT SUSPENSION (SKI)/SUSPENSION AVANT (SKI) ADJUST ACCORDING TO YOUR RIDING STYLE/RÉGLER SELON VOTRE CONDUITE NOT APPLICABLE 7 SANS OBJET 1 2 3 4 6 5 REAR SUSPENSION/SUSPENSION ARRIÈRE ADJUST ACCORDING TO LOAD/RÉGLER SELON LA CHARGE LB LOAD CHARGE kg REAR SPRING RESSORT ARRIÈRE CENTER SPRING RESSORT CENTRAL up to 125 125 to 150 150 to 175 175 to 200 jusqu'à 57 57 à 68 68 à 79 79 à 91 1 2 4 1 2 3 SANS OBJET NOT APPLICABLE 3 4 FOR LOADS EXCEEDING RANGE SHOWN ABOVE. CONSULTEZ VOTRE CONCESSIONNAIRE. 418 0017 01 A01A25A TYPICAL — ALL S-SERIES MODELS 9 CAUTION Bring the vehicle to a complete stop before changing gear PUSH POUSSER ATTENTION Immobiliser le véhicule complètement avant de changer de vitesse PULL TIRER A01A26A ALL MODELS WITH A MECHANICAL REVERSE 24 .

A02A08A ALL MODELS WITH AN ELECTRONIC REVERSE 25 . ATTENTION :Immobiliser le véhicule complètement avant de changer de direction.9 PUSH PUSH CAUTION :Bring vehicle to a complete stop before changing direction.

Some controls/instruments are optional on some models. 2 8 7 1 28 A05H18A 5 6 19 4 10 9 28 TUNDRA/R 26 .CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS NOTE: Some controls/instruments do not apply to some models. In these cases their reference numbers are deliberately missing in the illustrations.

2 3 15 14 12 13 20 21 22 7 1 5 A29H0NA 28 4 22-25 8 6 19 11 9 28 SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC 27 .

When compressed. it automatically returns to its original position. Braking effect is proportional to the pressure applied on the lever and to the type of terrain and its snow coverage. the brake is applied.29 2 3 17 15 12 13 14 21 20 22 16 18 7 31 29 28 A03H2DA 8 5 23 6 19 25 4 11 4 9 1 28 TYPICAL — S-SERIES 1) Throttle Lever Located on the right side of handlebar. 2) Brake Lever Located on the left side of handlebar. it controls the engine speed and the engagement of the transmission. When released. engine speed returns automatically to idle. . x 28 WARNING Excessive or repetitive use of brakes for high speed stops will cause an overheated brake system. When compressed. This overheated condition could cause sudden loss of brakes and/or fire. When released.

To engage mechanism. Parking brake should be used whenever snowmobile is parked. 1 2 A25H30A TYPICAL Step 1 : Squeeze and hold Step 2 : Fully pull 29 . injection oil level pilot lamp lights up to remind you that it is engaged. pull button until it locks on a notch then release brake lever. Whenever parking brake is applied and engine is running. squeeze brake lever then fully push parking brake button. squeeze brake lever and maintain while pulling button with the other hand.3) Parking Brake Button Located on left side of handlebar. There are 2 retaining notches on button lever. To release mechanism. MECHANICAL BRAKE CAUTION Make sure parking brake is fully disengaged before operating the snowmobile. Always release parking brake before riding.

OFF 3.HYDRAULIC BRAKE To engage mechanism. squeeze brake lever.T. Brake lever now returns to rest position. squeeze brake lever and maintain while pulling locking lever with a finger. ON 4) Gear Shift Lever or Reverse Button MECHANICAL REVERSE G. Brake lever is now compressed halfway applying brakes. 30 . Always release parking brake before riding. Locking lever 2. 1 2 3 A06D11A 1. 500/583 and Formula DELUXE 500/583/670 These models are equipped with a mechanical reverse controlled by a 2-position gear shift lever: Push: Forward gear. To release mechanism. Locking lever will automatically return to its original position. NOTE: A warning buzzer will sound when the shift lever is in reverse gear position. Pull: Reverse gear.

Ensure the path behind is clear of obstacles or bystanders. Do not force lever. Come to a complete stop then change gear. Reverse 2. Forward Shifting Procedure With snowmobile completely stopped and engine at idle. could result in loss of stability. If unable to shift. apply throttle to move snowmobile and try again. Fast reverse while turning. 31 .PRIM ER 1 2 A03H0IA 1. Always remain seated and apply the brake before shifting. move lever to engage in desired gear. x WARNING These snowmobiles are capable of a fast reverse.

With snowmobile completely stopped and engine at idle. A29D0BA TYPICAL Shifting Procedure - CAUTION Bring snowmobile to a complete stop before changing gear. When shifting from 1st gear to 2nd gear vehicle may be in motion (20 km/h (12 MPH) but engine must be at idle. Do not force lever. x WARNING These snowmobiles are capable of a fast reverse. If unable to shift. Ensure the path behind is clear of obstacles or bystanders. Maximum speed in first gear: 60 km/h (37 MPH). Fast reverse while turning. Always apply the brake before shifting and come to a complete stop then change gear. could result in loss of stability. 32 . move lever to engage in desired gear. apply throttle to move snowmobile and try again.Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC These models are equipped with a mechanical reverse controlled by a 4-position gear shift lever.

Reverse button 33 . Driving in reverse is achieved by changing the direction of engine rotation. Skandic 380/500. Shifting Procedure With the snowmobile completely stopped and engine running at idle. TOURING E/LE/SLE AND FORMULA DELUXE 377/503 1. No mechanical action and gear change is involved. Shifting in reverse is an electronic operation consisting of a control module that modifies the ignition timing of the engine. No adjustment is needed. When depressing the reverse button. 1 A03E1QA SKANDIC 380/500. Touring E/LE/SLE and Formula Deluxe 377/503 These models are equipped with an electronic reverse controlled by a reverse button. a signal will slow down the engine RPM enough to modify the ignition timing advance.ELECTRONIC REVERSE Tundra R. press and release the electronic reverse button. This reverses crankshaft rotation.

Reverse indicator lamp The engine RPM will decrease for a few seconds then the engine will start rotating in the opposite direction and will return to its normal idle speed. NOTE: A reverse indicator lamp will illuminate and a warning buzzer will sound when the snowmobile is engaged in reverse. 34 .A03E1RA 1 SKANDIC 380/500. TOURING E/LE/SLE AND FORMULA DELUXE 377/503 1.

Allow drive pulley to engage then accelerate carefully. This may cause the clutch system to operate erratically. Fast reverse while turning could result in loss of stability. Come to a complete stop before pressing the reverse button. - CAUTION Do not rev the engine when driving in reverse. Shifting procedure will take place only when the engine is running. Engine will automatically shift into forward when starting after stopping or stalling.1 2 A05D15A TUNDRA R 1. Ensure the path behind is clear of obstacles or bystanders. 35 . Apply throttle slowly and evenly. It is recommended to warm up the engine to its normal operating temperature before shifting. Reverse button 2. Reverse indicator lamp x WARNING Always remain seated and apply the brake before shifting.

2-position switch. 36 . START Manual Starting Key operated. turn key to OFF position. To stop engine. ON 3. 3-position switch. NOTE: Engine may be manually started with rewind starter if necessary. A rest period should be observed between the cranking cycles to let starter cool down. turn key to START position and hold. 1 2 1 2 3 A23H04A MANUAL START 1. If starter does not operate. OFF 2. If engine does not start on first try. See illustration above. To stop the engine. Electric Starting Key operated. To start the engine. Refer to starting system fuse below. turn key back to OFF position before restarting. - CAUTION Do not hold key at START position more than 30 seconds. OFF 2. Release key immediately when engine has started. ON ELECTRIC START 1. Key returns to ON position as soon as it is released. To start engine. Holding key in START position when engine has started could damage starter mechanism. first turn the key to ON position. check starting system fuse condition. turn the key to OFF position.5) Ignition Switch All Models Except Summit x 670 and MX Z 670 The lights are automatically ON whenever the engine is running.

1 A06H1YA 2 TYPICAL 1. completely pull cap from safety switch. Attach to eyelet If emergency engine shut off is required.6) Tether Cut-out Switch All Models Except MX Z 670 and Summit x 670 Attach tether cord to wrist or clothing then snap tether cut-out cap over receptacle before starting engine. ® A06H1XA 37 . Snap over receptacle 2.

Second it is the DESS (Digitally Encoded Security System) key. A30H09A 1 2 TYPICAL 1. Attach to eyelet 38 . First it is a safety device to shut-off engine if the driver accidently falls off the vehicle. Snap over receptacle 2.MX Z 670 and Summit x 670 General Tether cut-out switch features a double function. Operation Attach tether cord to clothing then snap tether cut-out cap over receptacle before starting engine.

we recommend the purchase of additional safety lanyards from your authorized dealer. Additional Tether Cords The snowmobile micro-processor can be programmed to allow the use up to 8 tether cords. completely pull cap from safety switch. If a wrong tether cord is installed the engine can not reach engagement speed required to move vehicle. For your convenience. 39 . the tether cord provided with your snowmobile is the only one that allows engine to turn more than 2500 RPM. Dealer programmed. A30H0AA TYPICAL DESS (Digitally Encoded Security System) Description This system is a deterrent against theft.If emergency engine shut off is required. It will prove to be useful in case of loss as well as for additional operators.

Reinstall tether cord and restart engine. To check for bad connection. Vehicle can not be driven.Pilot Lamp Codes A30H1DA 1 1. DESS pilot lamp DESS pilot lamp blinking one time per 3 seconds means that a bad connection has been detected. remove tether cord make sure it is free of dirt or snow. Free of dirt or snow 40 . 1 A30H08A 1. If a blink per 3 seconds still occurs contact an authorized dealer.

Thereby being mentally prepared for emergency situations requiring its use. Check that you have both good vehicle and tether cord. 1 2 A17G1DA TYPICAL 1. To stop the engine in an emergency.DESS pilot lamp blinking rapidly mean that a wrong tether cord is installed. 7) Emergency Cut-out Switch A push-pull type switch located on the right side of the handlebar. button must be at the upper ON position. ON 2. OFF All drivers of the snowmobile should familiarize themselves with the function of this device by using it several times on first outing and to stop the engine there after. 41 . To restart. Vehicle can not be driven. push the button to the lower OFF position and simultaneously apply the brake.

the source of malfunction should be determined and corrected before restarting engine. allows selection of headlamp beam. Slowly release handle. pull handle slowly until a resistance is felt then pull vigorously. To engage mechanism. 42 . 8) Headlamp Dimmer Switch Located on left side of handlebar. A15G0XA TYPICAL A03H1IA 9) Rewind Starter Handle Auto-rewind type located on right hand side of snowmobile.x WARNING If the switch has been used in a mechanical malfunction.

It is not necessary when engine is warm. ensure that primer button is pushed back. 43 . 0 1 A06H1KB 2 0. activate button until a pumping resistance is felt. Position 1 2. After a few seconds (10 seconds maximum) move the choke lever to OFF. From this point. NOTE: In severe cold weather. After priming. OFF 1. To prime. Warm Engine Starting Start the engine without any choke.10) Primer Button Pull and push button. This will eliminate the possibility of sticking. As soon as the engine starts move the choke lever to OFF. colder than -20°C (-4°F) you may need to flip choke lever from OFF to position 1 a couple of times once engine is started. NOTE: In very cold temperature. As soon as the engine starts move the lever to position 1. Position 2 Initial Cold Starting NOTE: Do not operate the throttle lever with the choke lever on. 11) Choke Lever This device features a 3-position lever to facilitate cold start. If the engine will not start after two pulls of the rope or two 5 second attempts with the electric starter move choke lever to position 1. it is recommended to rotate primer button 3-4 turns prior to pull it. pump 2 or 3 times to inject fuel in intake manifold. Start the engine without activating the throttle lever. Move the choke lever to position 2 and start the engine.

12) Speedometer These vehicles are equipped with a speedometer graduated in km or miles according to country of use. 16) Tachometer Direct-reading dial indicates the number of thousand of revolutions per minute (RPM) of the engine. 44 . push on button until all numbers read (0) zero. Trip meter 3. Odometer records the total distance travelled in kilometers or miles. 14) Trip Meter Records distance travelled in kilometers or miles until it is reset. Odometer 2. 50 40 30 20 10 0 60 70 80 MPH 90 000000 100 110 120 0 0 0 0 130 1 2 3 A06H1FA 1. It can be used to record a fuel tank range or distance between 2 relays for instance. Reset button 15) Trip Meter Reset Button To reset. Direct-reading dial indicates the speed of the snowmobile in kilometers or miles per hour. 13) Odometer Odometer records the total distance travelled in kilometers or miles.

Overheat 45 . The needle moves to the normal range as engine warms. reduce snowmobile speed and run snowmobile in loose snow or stop engine immediately. 2 1 A03E1FB 1. Multiply the reading by 1000 17) Temperature Gauge The gauge indicates engine coolant temperature.1 3 2 1 0 4 5 X1000 r /min 6 7 8 9 A06H05A 1. Under all riding conditions. Normal 2. If needle moves into the overheat range. the needle should stay within this range.

Full 2. 1 2 A03E1HA 1.18) Electric Fuel Level Gauge Dash-mounted gauge to facilitate fuel level reading. 22) Engine Overheat Warning Lamp (Red) If this lamp glows. Some caps feature a dipstick or a mechanical gauge. This gauge works only when engine is running. x WARNING Never use an open flame to check fuel level. 46 . 20) High Beam Pilot Lamp (Blue) Lights when headlamp is on HIGH beam. Check oil level and replenish as soon as possible. 21) Injection Oil Level Pilot Lamp (Red) Lights when injection oil level is low. reduce snowmobile speed and run snowmobile in loose snow or stop engine immediately. Also lights when parking brake is applied (with engine running). Empty 19) Fuel Tank Cap/Gauge Unscrew to fill up tank then fully tighten.

HOT 2. Select the desired position to keep your hands and right thumb at a comfortable temperature. WARM 23) and 25) Heated Grip and Throttle Lever Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Only Two-position toggle switch. OFF 47 . 1 2 A22H0HA TYPICAL 1. HOT 2. Select the desired position to keep your hands at a comfortable temperature.23) Heated Grip Switch All Models Except Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Three-position toggle switch. 1 2 3 A25H05A TYPICAL 1. OFF 3.

25) Heated Throttle Lever Switch Three-position toggle switch.24) Heated Grip Pilot Lamp (Amber) Lights when heated grip switch is on the high position. Close hood slowly then hook up latches. Light dimmed when switch is on the low position. Light dimmed when switch is on the low position. 48 . 26) Heated Throttle Lever Pilot Lamp (Amber) Lights when heated throttle lever switch is on the high position. 27) Rear Passenger Heated Grip Switch Three-position toggle switch. Select the desired position to keep your right thumb at a comfortable temperature. See illustration above. Always lift hood gently until stopped by retaining device. A16H18A GRAND TOURING 28) Hood Latches Unhook the latches to unlock the hood from its anchors. Select the desired position to keep rear passenger's hands at a comfortable temperature.

A30E09A TYPICAL 49 .29) Adjustable Mirrors Each mirror can be adjusted to suit driver's preference. 30) Electric Visor Jack Connector An electric visor may be connected to that jack connector. Electric current is supplied when ever engine is running.

x WARNING Do not use strap to lift snowmobile. To be used only by experienced riders familiar with the actual conditions and riding terrain. Holding strap 50 . Full throttle and brake control should be readily available at all times.Summit x 670 Holding Strap This strap can be used when traversing side hills. This strap is not a substitute for a handlebar. 1 A00A4PA 1.

51 . See following illustration for fuse holder location. To remove fuse from holder. A03H2EA 1 2 1. If starter does not operate. Check if filament is melted. Slightly unscrew wing nuts. - CAUTION Do not use a higher rated fuse as this can cause severe damage to electric components. Squeeze these tabs to open grill 2. Squeeze these tabs to close grill Fuses Starting System Fuse Starting system is protected with a 30 ampere (20 ampere on Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC) rated fuse. check fuse condition and replace if necessary.Hood Grills When riding on powdered snow. pull fuse out. close hood grills. retighten wing nuts. squeeze tabs then.

Check if melted Touring E/LE/SLE. Fuse 2. Fuse holder 52 .1 2 A15E0KA 1. 500/583 1 A03H0JA 1.T. Formula Deluxe 577/500/503/583/670 and G.

Fuse holder 53 .Skandic WT/SWT A29E0LA 1 1. Fuse holder Skandic WT LC 1 A29E0KA 1.

54 .Electric Fuel Level Gauge Fuse See your dealer for fuse replacement. Front Grab Handles/Front Bumper To be used whenever front of snowmobile requires lifting. under seat or inside seat. lift seat latch then tip seat over. Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Only A storage compartment is provided under seat. a storage compartment is provided in engine compartment. To open storage compartment. Storage Compartment Depending on model. A03H0KA 1 TYPICAL 1. Front grab handles - CAUTION Do not use skis to pull or lift snowmobile.

Lift seat latch A29H01A SKANDIC SWT 55 .1 A22H0JA SKANDIC WT/WT LC 1.

NOTE: Spare spark plugs are not supplied with snowmobile. A03D2NA 2 1 1. Spark plug holder Spark Plug Holder To keep spare spark plugs dry and prevent shocks that might affect the adjustment or break them. On Tundra/R tool kit is located in storage compartment (in front of engine). On Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC look under seat to find tool kit. Spare Drive Belt Holder On some models. For all other models tool kit is above left footrest just behind pulley guard. NOTE: Spare drive belt is not supplied with snowmobile. a spare drive belt can be installed in drive belt holder clip.Tool Kit A tool kit containing tools for basic maintenance is supplied with the vehicle. Firmly tighten them into the holder with spark plug socket (in tool kit) to ensure that they will not be loosened by vibrations. a holder is provided in engine compartment. 56 . Tool kit 2.

1 A03I0OA 1. Valve opened 57 .Fuel Shut-off Valve Valve should be closed when transporting or storing snowmobile. Valve closed 1 A03I0PA 1.

Lift adjustment lock (both sides). Securely tighten all adjustment locks and knobs. Always consider your passengers’ comfort and safety. Adjust to provide maximum lower back support. move grab handles to desired position. Lift adjustment lock (both sides) 2. 58 . Turn adjustment knob Secure adjustment locks after desired position is obtained. Secure adjustment locks. Height of rear grab handles can be adjusted.Adjustable Backrest The backrest position and support angle may be adjusted to suit driver or passenger convenience. 2 1 A06H2LA 1. x Grand Touring 500/583 WARNING Backrest should only be repositioned while the snowmobile is stopped.

Loosen bottom knobs (both sides) to adjust 59 .A06H2MA 1 1. Lift adjustment lock (both sides) Touring SLE A03A0KA 1 BACKREST POSITION 1.

Loosen top knob to adjust Secure adjustment knob after desired position is obtained.Secure adjustment knobs after desired position is obtained. 1 A03A0KC BACKREST SUPPORT ANGLE 1. 60 .

A03A0KB 1 BACKREST HEIGHT 1. Loosen center knobs (both sides) to adjust Secure adjustment knobs after desired position is obtained. Hitch The hook-type hitch can be used to pull most equipment. 61 .

Always wipe off any fuel or oil spillage from the snowmobile. - CAUTION Never experiment with other fuels or fuel ratios. The use of unrecommended fuel can result in snowmobile performance deterioration and damage to critical parts in the fuel system and engine components. x WARNING Never top up the fuel tank before placing the snowmobile in a warm area. available from most service stations or gasohol containing less than 10% of ethanol or methanol. 62 . Fuel is flammable and explosive under certain conditions. The gasoline used must have an octane number (R + M)/2 of 87 or higher. NOTE: In most service station pump octane number corresponds to (R + M)/2 octane number. MX Z 670 and Summit x 670 Use super unleaded gasoline. As temperature increases.FUEL AND OIL Recommended Fuel All Models Except MX Z 670 and Summit x 670 Use regular unleaded gasoline. The gasoline used must have an octane number (R + M)/2 of 91 or higher. available from most service stations or gasohol containing less than 10% of ethanol or methanol. fuel expands and might overflow.

They can be operated at higher temperature without problems. - CAUTION For colder temperatures than -20°C (-4°F). Refer to an authorized dealer. Never use outboard or straight mineral oils. - CAUTION Check level and refill every time you refuel. This type of oil will flow at temperatures as low as minus 40°C (-40°F). 63 . Oil is contained in the oil injection reservoir. carburetor(s) must be recalibrated to avoid engine damage. Wipe off any oil spills. Always maintain a sufficient amount of recommended oil in the injection oil reservoir. Use BOMBARDIER SNOWMOBILE injection oil (P/N 413 8029 00 — 12 x 1 liter) available from authorized dealer. COLD WEATHER CARBURETION MODIFICATIONS All vehicles have been calibrated for -20°C (-4°F). substitute with Blizzard Oil (P/N 413 8031 00 — 12 x 1 liter). Oil is highly flammable.Recommended Oil - CAUTION Never mix brands of 2-cycle oil as chemical reaction can cause engine damage. If unavailable.

However. 10-Hour Inspection As with any precision piece of mechanical equipment. whichever comes first. prolonged cruising speeds and engine overheating are detrimental during the break-in period. During this period. your snowmobile be checked by an authorized dealer. oz) of BOMBARDIER injection oil (P/N 413 8029 00 — 12 x 1 liter). This inspection will give you the opportunity to discuss the unanswered questions you may have encountered during the first hours of operation. brief full acceleration and speed variations contribute to a good break-in. 64 . pulling a load or high speed cruising. we suggest that after the first 10 hours of operation — 500 km (300 mi) — or 30 days after the purchase. To assure additional protection during the initial engine break-in. Avoid strong acceleration/deceleration. 500 mL (18 imp. Continued wide open throttle accelerations. The 10-hour inspection is at the expense of the snowmobile owner.BREAK-IN PERIOD Engine A break-in period of 10 to 15 operating hours — 500 km (300 mi) — is required before running the snowmobile at full throttle. Belt A new drive belt requires a break-in period of 25 km (15 miles). should be added to fuel for the first full filling of fuel tank. maximum throttle should not exceed 3/4. Always remove and clean spark plugs after engine break-in.

• Clean and check operation of the headlight. x WARNING Only start your snowmobile once all components are checked and functioning properly. • Activate the brake control lever and make sure the brake fully applies before the brake control lever touches the handlebar grip. • Check fuel and injection oil levels. • Verify skis and steering operate freely. • Verify track and idler wheels are unfrozen and free to turn. • Verify air filter(s) is free of snow. • Check gear shift lever position (models with reverse gear only). 65 . It must return to idle position when released. if so equipped. if so equipped.PRE-START CHECK Check Points • Activate the throttle control lever several times to check that it operates easily and smoothly. taillight and brake light. It must fully return when released. • Ensure fuel shut-off valve is in fully open position.

colder than -20°C (-4°F) you may need to turn the choke on and off a couple of times to position 1 once engine is started. After a few seconds (10 seconds maximum) move the choke lever to OFF. NOTE: In severe cold weather. Move the choke lever to position 2 and start the engine. Choke Equipped Vehicles 0 1 A06H1KB 2 0. Position 2 Initial Cold Starting NOTE: Do not operate the throttle lever with the choke lever on. 66 . • Ensure the tether cut-out cap is in position and that the cord is attached to your clothing.STARTING PROCEDURE • Re-check throttle control lever operation. OFF 1. Position 1 2. Primer Equipped Vehicles • Activate the primer 2 or 3 times. NOTE: Priming is not necessary when engine is warm. As soon as the engine starts move the lever to position 1. • Ensure that the emergency cut-out switch is in the ON position.

Have the snowmobile repaired as soon as possible. Turn key clockwise until starter engages. Emergency Starting The engine can be started with the emergency starter rope supplied with the tool kit. MX Z 670 and Summit x 670 These models are equipped with a DPM (Digital Performance Management). 67 . This system takes care of the fuel enrichment needed during engine starting and warm-up.Warm Engine Starting Start the engine without any choke. No throttle action is required. apply full throttle. Start the engine without activating the throttle lever. Release key immediately when engine has started. place ignition key to ON position and start engine manually. Electric Starting (some models only) Insert key in ignition switch. NOTE: If for any reason. The DPM will stop fuel enrichment. x WARNING Do not wind starting rope around your hand. If the engine will not start after two pulls of the rope or two 5 second attempts with the electric starter move choke lever to position 1. Do not start the snowmobile by the drive pulley unless it is a true emergency situation. the snowmobile cannot be started electrically. Remove belt guard. If engine seems to be flooded. Hold rope by the handle only. Manual Starting Insert the key in the ignition switch and turn to ON position. x WARNING Do not apply throttle while starting. As soon as the engine starts move the choke lever to OFF. Grasp manual starter handle firmly and crank engine.

A07D0UA Attach emergency rope to rewind handle and to the starter clip supplied in the tool kit. When pulled. 68 . NOTE: The spark plug socket can be used as an emergency handle. Tie a knot on rivet head side of clip. pulley must rotate counterclockwise. Hook up clip on drive pulley and wind counterclockwise up to 3 turns. A17B01A Wind the rope tightly around drive pulley.

1 A03D25A TYPICAL — BOMBARDIER LITE DRIVE PULLEY TYPE 1. Knot on this side 69 .

using drive pulley. Clip Start engine as per usual manual starting. do not reinstall the belt guard and return slowly to have snowmobile repaired.1 A19D13A TYPICAL — TRA DRIVE PULLEY TYPE 1. x WARNING When starting the snowmobile in an emergency situation. 70 .

SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENTS All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC For factory recommended adjustments refer to decal on pulley guard. personal preference. 71 . NOTE: Some adjustments may not apply to your snowmobile. Decal This decal describes settings for optimum comfort according to load for your Ski-Doo model. driver’s weight. General All Models Snowmobile handling and comfort depend upon suspension adjustments. 1 A03D2NB 1. Use special keys in tool kit. riding speed and field condition. Choice of suspension adjustments vary with carrying load.

test run the snowmobile always with the same conditions. 5. 4. trail. check track tension and adjust as necessary. is to start from factory settings then customize each adjustment one at a time in the right order (steps 1 to 6). Slight suspension bottoming occurring under the worst riding conditions indicates a good choice of spring preload.4 A03H2AB 1 2 3 6 5 TYPICAL 1. speed. 2. Proceed methodically until you get satisfied. Change adjustment and retest. Then. 3. 6. - CAUTION Whenever adjusting rear suspension. driver riding position etc. 72 . snow. Rear springs for comfort Center spring for steering behavior Stopper strap for snowmobile weight transfer Acceleration and control modulator (ACM) — Handling Front spring for handling Ski stopper for stability Guidelines to Adjust Suspension The best way to set up suspension.

1. 50 to 75 mm (2 to 3 in) 73 . 1 A03F2LA PROPER ADJUSTMENT 1. - CAUTION Always adjust both rear springs to same position. Rear Springs — Comfort When driver and passenger (if so applicable) take place rear of snowmobile should collapse by 50 to 70 mm (2 to 3 in).

the right side cam in a counterclockwise direction. LH RH 1 A30F04A 1 SC-10 SUSPENSION 1.A03F2MA TOO SOFT OF ADJUSTMENT - CAUTION Always turn the left side adjustment cam in a clockwise direction. Left and right adjustment cams must always be set at the same position. Increase spring preload 74 .

1 A03F2NA ARM SUSPENSION 1. Increase spring preload to same position for both springs 75 .

A03F2OA TOO HARD OF ADJUSTMENT LH CAUTION Always turn the left side adjustment cam in a clockwise direction. From highest position turn cam to desired position 76 . Left and right adjustment cams must always be set at the same position. RH 1 A30F04A 1 SC-10 SUSPENSION 1. the right side cam in a counterclockwise direction.

Steering easy to turn 77 . Center Spring — Steering Behavior Ride at moderate speed on a trail with bumpy conditions. Decrease spring preload to same position for both springs 2. 1 A03F2PA GOOD ADJUSTMENT AT MODERATE SPEED 1.1 A03F2SA ARM SUSPENSION 1. Note if steering is easy to turn. Adjust center spring accordingly.

Steering hard to turn 1 A03F21A 1. Adjuster wrench 78 .1 A03F2PA TOO SOFT OF ADJUSTMENT 1.

Steering less aggressive 1 A03F21B 1.1 A03F2PA TOO HARD OF ADJUSTMENT 1. Adjuster wrench 79 .

- CAUTION Whenever stopper strap length is changed. track tension must be readjusted.3. Stopper Strap — Weight Transfer Ride at low speed then fully accelerate. Comfortable steering 2. Note steering behavior. Good weight transfer to the track 3. At rest stopper strap should have a free play of 12 mm (1/2 in). 1 A03F2OB 2 3 GOOD ADJUSTMENT AT FULL ACCELERATION 1. Adjust stopper strap length accordingly. Light pressure of skis on the ground 80 .

Loosen lock nut. turn knob accordingly then retighten lock nut 81 . Skis lift off the ground Some Models A03F22A 1 1.A03F2QA 1 TOO LONG STRAP 1.

1

A03F2PA

TOO SHORT STRAP 1. Heavy steering

Some Models

A03F22B

1

1. Loosen lock nut, turn knob accordingly then retighten lock nut

82

ARM Suspension Equipped Models

-

CAUTION

If applicable, adjust both stopper strap to same position.

A03F2RA

1

1. Loosen nut then move bolt to lower position then retighten nut

83

Some Models

1

A03F0QB

1. Vary strap length by bolting to a different hole

Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC

A29F06A

84

Vehicle may be operated without the nut. 1 A03F1EA 1. If handling is not satisfactory. Factory setting is fully tighten. turn the nut counterclockwise. ACM — Handling Ride at moderate speed and check for desired handling.4. turn the nut clockwise. Nut If handling is too aggressive. 85 . On the threaded rod there must be at least 2 threads exposed beyond the nut. x WARNING Nut must be in good condition to avoid unexpected loosening. However acceleration response will increase whereas steering response will decrease.

Retighten lock nut. install 1 horse shoe washer under each rubber stoppers. first loosen lock nut then tighten nut 3/4 turn after contacting washers. Turn to a maximum preload of 3 turns after nut touching washers. Adjust the same on both sides. use 2 horse shoe washers under each rubber stoppers. For trail riding with passenger and/or weight. 86 . first loosen lock nut. Retighten lock nut. Shackle Movement Limiter For deep snow riding. Adjust the same on both sides. - CAUTION Always install same amount of washers on both sides. do not install horse shoe washer nor rubber stoppers. For trail riding with heavy load and/or pulling a load.Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Only Suspended Extension Adjustment Suspended extension can be adjusted according to the load and snow conditions. For trail riding with or without a load and for pulling a load. For better deep snow performance.

Nut 87 .1 A29F03A 3 2 1. Horse shoe washer(s) 2. Lock nut 3.

5. A03F2PA PROPER ADJUSTMENT 1. Front Springs — Handling Ride at moderate speed and check for proper handling. - CAUTION 1 Always adjust both front springs to same position. Good handling and comfortable steering 88 . Adjust front springs accordingly.

Increase spring preload 89 . Bad handling 1 A03F2IA 1.1 A03F2PA TOO SOFT OF ADJUSTMENT 1.

Decrease spring preload 90 . Steering hard to turn 1 A03F2JA 1.1 A03F2PA TOO HARD OF ADJUSTMENT 1.

6. No darting 91 . Ski Stopper Stability When riding check for darting (unwanted side to side ski movement). 1 A03A07A PROPER ADJUSTMENT 1.

Loosen nut.1 A03A08A NOT ENOUGH PRELOAD 1. Darting 1 A16G0AC 1. adjust against ski stopper then retighten nut to 14 N•m (124 lbf•in) 92 .

In Deep Snow When operating the snowmobile in deep snow. – Reduce rear suspension front arm pressure. • Reduce front suspension spring preload.TROUBLESHOOTING CHART Problem Front suspension wandering Corrective measures – Check ski alignment and camber angle adjustment. – Loosen ACM nut. – Reduce rear spring preload. • Increase center spring preload. • Increase front suspension spring preload. Snowmobile seems unstable and seems to pivot around its center Steering feels too heavy Rear of snowmobile seems too stiff Rear of snowmobile seems too soft Rear suspension front shock absorber is frequently bottoming Track slides too much at start – Lengthten stopper strap. • Increase rear spring preload. – Increase rear spring preload. it may be necessary to vary the position of front spring adjustment cam (rear suspension) stopper strap and/or riding position. – Change driving position. – Increase center shock preload. Operator’s familiarity with the various adjustments as well as snow conditions will dictate the most efficient combination. 93 . – Lengthen stopper strap. • Increase center spring preload. – Reduce ski ground pressure. • Reduce center spring preload. See an authorized dealer. • Reduce front suspension spring preload. • Reduce rear spring preload. to change the angle at which the track rides on the snow. – Reduce ski ground pressure.

LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE CHART Some items may not apply to your particular model. Refer to LUBRICATION and MAINTENANCE section of Shop Manual for more details. Œ 10-HOUR OR 500 km (300 mi) INSPECTION (To be performed by dealer)  WEEKLY OR EVERY 240 km (150 mi) Ž MONTHLY OR EVERY 800 km (500 mi)  ONCE A YEAR OR EVERY 3200 km (2000 mi)  STORAGE (To be performed by dealer) ‘ PRE-SEASON PREPARATION (To be performed by dealer) LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE CHART Starting Rope Condition Engine Head Nuts Engine Mount Nuts Exhaust System Engine Lubrication Cooling System Condition Coolant Replacement Condition of Seals Injection Oil Filter Condition Injection Oil Filter Replacement Oil Injection Pump Adjustment Fuel Stabilizer Fuel Filter Replacement Fuel Lines and Connections Carburetor Adjustment Throttle Cable Inspection Air Filter Cleaning Drive Belt Condition Condition of Drive and Drive Pulleys Cleaning of Drive and Drive Pulleys Retorquing of Drive Pulleys Screw Driven Pulley Preload Brake Fluid (change once a year) Brake Condition Brake Adjustment Lubrication of Ratchet Wheel Œ  Ž   ‘                                           94 .

Test Operation of Emergency Cut-out Switch and Tether Cut-out Switch Rags in Air Intake and Exhaust System Engine Compartment General Inspection Œ  Ž   ‘                        AS REQUIRED        AS REQUIRED                  *Before installing new spark plugs at pre-season preparation. Only perform this operation in a well ventilated area. etc. it is suggested to burn excess storage oil by starting the engine with the old spark plugs. Cables and Lines Operation of Lighting System (HI/LO Beam. Brake Light. 95 . Retorque to 26 N•m (19 lbf•ft) Steering and Front Suspension Mechanism Wear and Condition of Skis and Runners Steering and Ski Leg Camber Adjustment Suspension Adjustments Suspension Lubrication Suspension Condition Suspension Stopper Strap Condition Track Condition Track Tension and Alignment Spark Plugs* Engine Timing Battery Condition Headlight Beam Aiming Wiring Harnesses.).LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE CHART Drive Chain Tension Countershaft Lubrication Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Level Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Change Gearbox Oil Change (Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC only) Lubrication of Drive Axle and Bearing Handlebar Bolts.

96 . Add fluid (DOT 4) as required. 1 CAUTION Use only (DOT 4) brake fluid from a sealed container.FLUID LEVELS Brake System Check brake fluid (DOT 4) in reservoir for proper level. Min. A03D22A TYPICAL 1.

97 . 1 2 A03D02A 1. see an authorized dealer. Refill up to upper mark using BOMBARDIER synthetic chaincase oil (P/N 413 8033 00 — 12 x 355 mL) for liquid cooled models and BOMBARDIER chaincase oil (P/N 413 8019 00 — 12 x 250 mL) for fan cooled models. Filler plug 2. Oil level plug The oil should be level with the bottom of the oil level hole. Oil level must be between lower and upper marks. Remove metal particles from magnet. Refill as required using Bombardier chaincase oil (P/N 413 8019 00) until it flows through oil level hole.Chaincase/Gearbox Oil Level Tundra/R Check the oil level by removing the chaincase oil level plug. Do not mix synthetic oil with other types of oil. If bigger pieces of metal are found. check the oil level by removing dipstick. It is normal that some. NOTE: It is normal to find metallic particles stuck to dipstick magnet. All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC With snowmobile on a level surface. - CAUTION Do not use unrecommended other types of oil when servicing.

Level between marks 98 .1 2 1 3 A03D2MA TYPICAL 1. Dipstick 2. Oil level 3.

NOTE: Before initial start-up. To fill. Refill as required using Bombardier synthetic chaincase oil (P/N 413 8033 00 — 12 x 355 mL). After first outing. Oil should reach level mark. - CAUTION Do not use unrecommended other types of oil when servicing. Lower level mark 99 . remove filler plug from top of transmission. oil level will decrease as the upper oil cavity fills with oil. 2 1 A29D0IA TYPICAL — SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC 1.Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC To check. the oil level may be higher than the full mark. pull dipstick. Full level mark 2. Do not mix this synthetic oil with other types of oil.

Fan Cooled S-Series 1 2 A05C0CA TYPICAL 1. x Check level and refill every time you refuel. Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top 100 . - CAUTION WARNING Never allow oil level to drop more than 2/3. Do not overfill.Oil Injection System Always maintain a sufficient amount of Bombardier Snowmobile injection oil in the injection oil reservoir. Tundra/R. Oil is highly flammable. Wipe off any spillage. Injection oil reservoir 2.

Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top 101 .Skandic WT/SWT 2 A29C0CA 1 TYPICAL 1. Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top Skandic WT LC 1 2 COLD LEV NIVEAU EL FROID A29C0BA 1. Injection oil reservoir 2. Injection oil reservoir 2.

refer to an authorized dealer. If additional coolant is necessary or if entire system has to be refilled. Liquid should be at level mark (engine cold) of coolant tank. Injection oil reservoir Cooling System Liquid Cooled Models Only Check coolant level at room temperature. NOTE: When checking level at low temperature it may be slight lower then mark. 102 . Maximum level: 13 mm (1/2 in) from top 2.Liquid Cooled S-Series 1 2 ROTAX A03C16A 1.

COLD LEVEL line Battery Electrolyte Some Models See your dealer. 103 . Coolant tank 2. COLD LEVEL line 1 COLD LEV NIVEAU EL FROID A29C0BB SKANDIC WT LC 1.1 2 ROTAX A03C16B ALL MODELS EXCEPT SKANDIC WT LC 1.

Remove belt guard retaining pins and lift off the guard. Retaining pins 104 . Belt guard 2.MAINTENANCE Belt Guard Removal and Installation Tundra/R Open hood. 1 A05H0WA 2 TYPICAL 1.

2. Open retainer to release pin then firmly lift belt guard. 105 . Proceed one side at a time. Open hood. Pin retainer When reinstalling belt guard.All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC 1. position its cut-away toward front of snowmobile. A03D2NC 1 1. Refer to decal on belt guard.

A29D0FA 1 TYPICAL 1. Retaining pins All Models NOTE: Belt guards are purposely made slightly oversize to maintain tension on their pins and retainers preventing undue noise and vibration. It is important that this tension be maintained when reinstalling. 106 .Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Remove both retaining pins then belt guard.

1 A05D0PB TUNDRA/R 1. 107 . Open hood and remove belt guard. for this purpose. Some models may also require the disconnection of driven pulley support. Apply parking brake.Drive Belt Removal/Installation 1. Raise NOTE: Removal and installation of drive belt is easier when driven pulley is held with brake so that it can not rotate. on models so equipped.

– Screw tool in the threaded hole and tighten to open the pulley. 1 A06D05A SOME MODELS 1. open the driven pulley with the drive belt installer/ remover provided in tool box. Sliding half 108 . Tighten to open pulley On models not equipped with above driven pulley.2. Remove belt. open the driven pulley by twisting and pushing the sliding half. On some models. Hold in fully open position. 1 A07D0KA 1.

BOMBARDIER FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA MADE IN CANADA BOMBARDIER FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA MADE IN CANADA 1 BOMBARDIER BOMBARDIER FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA MADE IN CANADA FABRIQUÉ AU CANADA MADE IN CANADA A18D03A 1. Bombardier name 109 . reverse the removal procedure. A04D0EA All Models To install the drive belt.Slip the belt over the top edge of the sliding half. Install it so the Bombardier name on the belt can be read when facing pulleys. however pay attention to the following: The maximum drive belt life span is obtained when the belt has the proper rotation direction. as shown.

remove belt installer. A03D23A 2 1 1. Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC are equipped with gearbox without chain. Adjustment screw 110 . On models so equipped.- CAUTION Do not force or use tools to pry the belt into place. Drive Chain Tension All Models Except Tundra/R and Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC NOTE: Tundra/R are equipped with an automatic tensioner. as this could cut or break the cords in the belt. Reposition and lock driven pulley support. on models so equipped. Remove hair pin. then back off only far enough for hair pin to engage in locking hole. Hair pin 2. Fully tighten tensioner adjustment screw by hand. Reinstall belt guard.

Not that in position 1 the number is substitued by a dot (due to its location on casting). Calibration screws should be adjusted so that actual maximum engine RPM in vehicle matches with the maximum horsepower RPM.TRA Drive Pulley Adjustment The drive pulley is factory calibrated to transmit maximum engine power at a predefined RPM. Notch Governor cup has 6 positions numbered 2 to 6. modify ramp end position by turning calibration screws. This adjustable drive pulley allows setting maximum engine RPM in the vehicle to maintain maximum power. 111 . Refer to SPECIFICATIONS at the end of this guide. altitude or surface condition may vary this critical engine RPM thus affecting snowmobile efficiency. To adjust. Calibration screw has a notch on top of its head. 1 A16D0FA 1. Factors such as ambient temperature. NOTE: The adjustment has an effect on high RPM only. NOTE: Use precision digital tachometer for engine RPM adjustment.

112 . So maximum engine RPM is increased by 400 RPM. Lower numbers decrease engine RPM in steps of 200 RPM and higher numbers increase it in steps of 200 RPM.1 A16D0GA 1. Torque locking nuts to 10 N•m (89 lbf•in). Do not completely remove the locking nut. To adjust: Just loosen locking nut enough to pull calibration screw partially out and adjust to desired position. Always adjust all 3 calibration screws and make sure they are all set at the same number. Position 1 (not numbered) Each number modifies maximum engine RPM by about 200 RPM. Example: Calibration screw is set at position 4 and is changed to position 6. - CAUTION Do not completely remove calibration screw or its inside washer will fall off.

wear on one side. excessive RPM with frozen track. oil on belt or distorted spare belt. Do not operate engine with hood open or drive belt guard removed. probable cause could be pulley misalignment. do not operate the snowmobile without an effective brake system. fast starts without warm-up period. burred or rusty sheave. Above all. Periodically verify the condition/wear of the brake pads. Always respect maintenance schedules.1 A16D0HA 1. If abnormal wear is noted. modification or poor adjustment may affect drive pulley performance and belt life. 113 . missing cogs. Contact an authorized dealer. cracked fabric). Drive Belt Condition Inspect belt for cracks. Replace the drive belt if width is less than the minimum width recommended in SPECIFICATIONS section. Brake Condition The brake mechanism on your snowmobile is an essential safety device. fraying or abnormal wear (uneven wear. Loosen just enough to permit rotating of calibrate screw x WARNING Always reinstall drive belt guard. Check the drive belt width. Improper servicing. Keep this mechanism in proper working condition. Always refer to the Shop Manual or obtain dealer advice before servicing or modifying the drive or driven pulleys.

etc. or if track fibers are exposed. 114 . rotate the track by hand. Rear Suspension Condition Visually inspect all suspension components including slider shoes. Torque nut to 9 N•m (80 lbf•in). Hydraulic Brake Only No adjustment is provided for hydraulic brake. See an authorized dealer if any problems. x Tension WARNING Do not operate or rotate a track if torn. With the engine off. NOTE: During normal driving. If a quicker brake response is desired. Replace as required. damaged or excessively worn. Track Tension and Alignment NOTE: Ride the snowmobile in snow about 15 to 20 minutes prior to adjusting track tension. wheels. snow will act as a lubricant and coolant for the slider shoes. or if missing or defective inserts or guides are noted. will create excessive heat build-up and cause premature slider shoe wear.Brake Adjustment Mechanical Brake Only The brake mechanism is a self-adjusting type. and inspect condition. If loose inspect holes for deformation. Suspension Stopper Strap Condition Inspect stopper strap for wear and cracks. this will actuate the adjusting mechanism. springs. bolt and nut for tightness. contact an authorized dealer. Extensive riding on ice or sanded snow. If worn or cut. Track Condition Lift the rear of the snowmobile and support it off the ground. Lift rear of snowmobile and support it with a snowmobile mechanical stand. strongly squeeze the brake lever several times.

NOTE: A belt tension tester (P/N 414 3482 00) may be used to measure deflection as well as force applied.Allow the suspension to extend normally and check gap half-way along slider shoe.3 kg (16 lb) 2. 1 A00C07A 1. Belt tension tester 1 A06F1WA 2 TYPICAL 1. If the track tension is too loose. The gap should be as given in the specification section of this guide. track will have a tendency to thump. Deflection 115 . 7.

feet and clothing clear of track. Adjustment screw 2. Do not adjust one without the other. Loosen lock nut (some models only) 3. – Loosen the rear idler wheel retaining screws. 1 2 3 A05F0EA TYPICAL 1. Keep hands. tools. x WARNING Before checking track alignment. If correct tension is unattainable. Loosen screw Alignment NOTE: Track tension and alignment are inter-related. Ensure no one is standing in close proximity to the snowmobile. – Loosen the lock nuts (on some models only) then turn adjustment screws to adjust.To adjust tension: CAUTION Too much tension will result in power loss and excessive stresses on suspension components. contact an authorized dealer. ensure that the track is free of all particles which could be thrown out while track is rotating. 116 .

Start the engine and accelerate slightly so that track barely turns. Guides 2. Slider shoes 3. 1 2 3 A01F0BA 1. 1 2 3 A01F05A 1. Equal distance To correct. stop the engine: Loosen the lock nuts (some models only) and tighten the adjustment screw on side where the slider shoe is the farthest from the track insert guides. equal distance on both sides between edges of track guides and slider shoes. Slider shoes 3. This must be done in a short period of time (1 to 2 minutes). Check that the track is well centered. Tighten on this side 117 . Guides 2.

Tighten lock nuts (some models only) and adjustment screws.

x

WARNING

If lock nuts or retaining screws are not tightened properly, the adjusting screws could loosen causing the track to become extremely loose and, under some operating conditions, allow the idler wheels to climb over the track lugs forcing the track against the tunnel causing the track to “lock”.

1

2
A05F0EB

TYPICAL 1. Retighten (some models only) 2. Retighten

Restart engine and rotate track slowly to recheck alignment. Reposition snowmobile on ground.

Steering and Front Suspension Mechanism
Visually inspect steering and front suspension mechanism for tightness of components (steering arms, control arms and links, tie rods, ball joints, ski coupler bolts, etc.). If necessary, contact your dealer.

118

Wear and Condition of Skis and Runners
Check the condition of the skis, ski runners and ski runner carbides (if so equipped). If worn, contact your authorized dealer.

x
Exhaust System

WARNING

Excessively worn skis and/or ski runners will affect snowmobile control.

The tail pipe of the muffler should be centered with the exit hole in the bottom pan. If must be free of rust or leaks. The exhaust system is designed to reduce noise and to improve the total performance of the engine. If any exhaust system component is removed from the engine, severe engine damage will result.

Air Filter Cleaning
Tundra/R Air filter is located on lower side portion of air intake silencer. Lift hood and remove belt guard. Gently pull air filter sideward.
Ensure it is clean and dry. Shake snow out. Clean with a solvent and dry as necessary.

119

1

2

A05A05A

1. Intake silencer 2. Air filter

S-Series Models Leaving the snowmobile uncovered during a snowfall or riding in deep powder snow may block air filter and choke the engine.
While riding in deep powder snow, periodically stop then shake the snow from the filter and reinstall filter.

120

A03H1JA FILTER INSTALLED A03H1KA REMOVING FILTER 121 .

A03H1MA 122 .A03H1LA SHAKING SNOW FROM FILTER Remove snow from filter on air intake silencer.

A29H0MA 1 1. Shake the snow out of filter then.Skandic WT/SWT/WT LC Remove filter from air inlet duct. A29H0LA 1 1. dry it out. Air filter installed on top of air silencer 123 . Air filter installed in air inlet duct Open hood and check that filter on air silencer is free of snow.

If you reside or ride at altitudes above 1200 m (4000 ft). 124 . Refer to your authorized BOMBARDIER dealer. your snowmobile should have a high altitude kit installed. Summit models are factory calibrated for high altitude. Operating the snowmobile without it may cause engine damage. clean it with isopropyl alcohol which will not leave a film on the bulb. Always check light operation after bulb replacement. These models can be converted for sea level utilization. never touch glass portion of an halogen bulb with bare fingers. Bulb Replacement CAUTION Do not change original factory calibration if snowmobile is used below 1200 m (4000 ft) (except Summit models). Unplug connector from headlamp. Headlight - CAUTION On applicable models.All Models Check that the air box is clean and dry and properly reinstall the filter. Tundra/R If headlamp is burnt. Detach bulb and replace. If glass is touched. Remove protector cap and unfasten bulb retainer clips. tilt hood. it shortens its operating life. High Altitude Kit CAUTION Snowmobile engines have been calibrated with the filter installed.

1 A02E09A TYPICAL 1. Locking ring 125 . Properly reinstall parts. A25H0JA 1 TYPICAL 1. Remove the rubber boot and unfasten bulb retainer ring. Detach the bulb and replace. tilt hood. unplug the connector from the headlight. Retainers clips All Other Models If the headlight bulb is burnt.

To prepare your snowmobile. To remove. expose the bulb by removing the red plastic lens. 126 . Pull rubber boot and socket to expose bulb. follow the maintenance chart in MAINTENANCE section. unscrew the 2 lens screws. Pull bulb out of socket. STORAGE It is during summer. or when a snowmobile is not in use for more than one month that proper storage is a necessity.Instrument(s) Bulb socket is always behind the instrument under a black rubber boot. Instruments sockets Taillight If taillight bulb is burnt. A06H1EA 1 1.

What to do Place all switches in the RUN or ON position. If engine continues to flood.TROUBLESHOOTING SYMPTOM: Engine turns over but fails to start Possible causes 1. emergency cut-out switch or tether switch is in the OFF position. If no spark appears. Check that emergency cut-out switch is at the ON position and the tether cut-out switch cap is snapped over the receptacle. Do not prime or choke. 127 . If trouble persists. Ignition switch. Spark plug/ignition (no spark). No fuel to the engine (spark plug dry when removed). 3. check fuel filter. replace if clogged. Install clean dry spark plug. Remove spark plug(s) then reconnect to spark cap. Mixture not rich enough to start cold engine. Check fuel tank level and check starting procedure. turn ignition switch to OFF and crank engine several times. particularly use of the primer or the choke. Flooded engine (spark plug wet when removed). 2. check condition of fuel and impulse lines and their connections. Check fuel tank level. Contact an authorized dealer. 4. turn fuel valve on if applicable. contact an authorized dealer. Remove wet spark plug. Start engine with spark plug(s) grounded to engine away from spark plug hole. 5. replace spark plug. Start engine following usual starting procedure. see an authorized dealer. A failure of the fuel pump or carburetor has occurred.

Contact an authorized dealer. “cycles” of resistance should be felt as piston goes past top dead center (each piston on twincylinder engines). pressure cap. 5. Carburetor adjustments. check fan belt and its tension. Contact an authorized dealer. On liquid cooled engines. 4. thermostat and for air locks in cooling system. Lack of fuel to engine. Engine compression. check coolant level. it will affect vehicle performance. If no pulsating resistance is felt. Fouled or defective spark plug. Drive and driven pulleys require servicing. 6. Engine is overheating. What to do Check item 5 of “Engine turns over but fails to start”. 128 . SYMPTOM: Engine lacks acceleration or power Possible causes 1. if overheating persists. 2. clean cooling fins of engine. 3. If the drive belt has lost more than 3 mm (1/8 in) of its original width. it suggests a major loss of compression.SYMPTOM: Engine turns over but fails to start Possible causes 6. contact an authorized dealer. Check item 4 of “Engine turns over but fails to start”. On fan cooled engines. Contact an authorized dealer. Drive belt worn too thin. What to do As the engine is pulled over with the rewind starter.

What to do Check item 4 of “Engine lacks acceleration or power”. Too much oil supplied to engine. What to do Clean/verify spark plug and heat range. Drain fuel system and refill with fresh fuel. Ignition timing is incorrect or there is an ignition system failure. SYMPTOM: Snowmobile cannot reach full speed Possible causes 1. Pulleys misaligned. 3. 3. Improper oil pump adjustment. 2. Engine is running too hot. 6 and 7 of “Engine lacks acceleration or power”. 129 . Contact an authorized dealer. Contact an authorized dealer. Drive belt. Water in fuel. 2. Improper fuel/oil mixture. Faulty spark plug (carbon accumulation). Incorrect track adjustment. 4. 3. 2. SYMPTOM: Engine misfire Possible causes 1. 2. refer to an authorized dealer. See maintenance section and/or dealer for proper alignment and tension adjustments.SYMPTOM: Engine backfire Possible causes 1. Drain fuel tank and refill with appropriate mixture ratio. See item 6 of “Engine lacks acceleration or power”. Replace as required. Engine. Fouled/defective/ worn spark plugs. What to do See item 5 of “Engine turns over but fails to start”. See items 1.

0 (1-1/4) RPM 6900 377: 6900.3 (1-23/64) 32. N.A.40 (1-3/8 .A.8) for MX Z 440  1.2)  200 (7)  250 (8.9 (64)  2. N.5 (1-7/16) 30.45 (.0 (6.40 (1-3/8 . models or equipment without incurring obligation.SPECIFICATIONS MODEL Engine – Maximum power engine speed Drive belt – Number – New belt width – Wear limit width Spark plug – Type – Gap Track – Tension mm (in) – Alignment Fuel – Type – Tank capacity Oil (engine) – Type – Tank capacity Chaincase/Transmission Oil – Type – Capacity Cooling System – Type – Capacity Brake System Fluid – Type DOT 4 DOT 4 L (US oz) N.1-9/16) mm (in) NGK BR 9 ES 0.: see at end of specifications.9) Œ  Ž 40.018) NGK BR 9 ES 0.6 (86.1-9/16) 35 .0 (1-3/16) 415 0606 00 34.45 (.A. N. 443: 7000 503: 7000 TUNDRA/R FAN COOLED S-SERIES MODELS Œ  Ž 26. 130 .0 (10. Bombardier Inc. mL (US oz) L (US oz) L (US gal) 35 . reserves the right at any time to discontinue or change specifications. designs features.5) Œ to “ and N.018) mm (in) mm (in) 414 8276 00 36.A.A.6) 37 (9.

45 (.0 (169) ’ 4.1-9/16) mm (in) NGK BR 9 ES 0.6 (86. 131 .5) ‘ 250 (8.018) mm (in) mm (in) 414 8607 00 34.9 (1-3/8) 32.0 (1-1/4) 415 1063 00 34.5) ’ 4.2) ‘ 250 (8.0 (10.7 (160) Summit: 5. reserves the right at any time to discontinue or change specifications.1-9/16) 35 .2)  2.6)  2.6 (86.A.7 (160) Œ to “ and N.6) 40. models or equipment without incurring obligation.MODEL G.018) NGK BR 9 ES 0. designs features. 500/583 FORMULA Z 500/ Z 583/DL 500/DL 583 MX Z 500/583 SUMMIT 500/583 FORMULA Z 670 FORMULA DL 670 Engine – Maximum power engine speed Drive belt – Number – New belt width – Wear limit width Spark plug – Type – Gap Track – Tension mm (in) – Alignment Fuel – Type – Tank capacity Oil (engine) – Type – Tank capacity Chaincase/Transmission Oil – Type – Capacity Cooling System – Type – Capacity Brake System Fluid – Type DOT 4 DOT 4 L (US oz) mL (US oz) L (US oz) L (US gal) 35 .0 (1-1/4) RPM 494: 7800 583: 7900 7700 Œ  Ž Œ  Ž 40.T.0 (10.9 (1-3/8) 32.40 (1-3/8 .40 (1-3/8 .: see at end of specifications Bombardier Inc.45 (.

40 (1-3/8 .6) Œ  Ž 40 (10.MODEL Engine – Maximum power engine speed Drive belt – Number – New belt width – Wear limit width Spark plug – Type – Gap Track – Tension mm (in) – Alignment Fuel – Type – Tank capacity Oil (engine) – Type – Tank capacity Chaincase/Transmission Oil – Type – Capacity Cooling System – Type – Capacity L (US oz) mL (US oz) L (US oz) L (US gal) mm (in) mm (in) mm (in) RPM MX Z 670 SUMMIT x 670 SKANDIC WT/SWT/WT LC 8000 WT: 6800 SWT: 6500 WT LC: 7000 415 1063 00 34.55 (86) ‘ 250 (8.5) ‘ 500 (17) WT LC: ’ WT LC: 4.0 (139) ’ MX Z 670: 4.7 (160) SUMMIT x 670: 5.9 (1-3/8) 32.: see at end of specifications Bombardier Inc.45 (.2)  2.0 (10. models or equipment without incurring obligation. reserves the right at any time to discontinue or change specifications. designs features.018) NGK BR 9 ES 0.45 (.9 (1-3/8) 32 (1-1/4) NGK BR 9 ES 0.018) 35 .0 (1-1/4) 414 6338 00 34. 132 .6)  2.1-9/16) 50 (1-31/32) Œ  “ 40.0 (169) Brake System Fluid – Type DOT 4 DOT 4 Œ to “ and N.A.6 (86.

Ž Regular unleaded gasoline with a minimum octane number of 87 (R + M)/2.  Bombardier injection oil (P/N 413 8029 00 — 1 L).A.Œ Measure gap between slider shoe and bottom inside of track when exerting a downward pull of 7. “ Super unleaded gasoline with a minimum octane number of 91 (R + M)/2.3 kg (16 lb) to the track.  Bombardier chaincase oil (P/N 413 8019 00 — 12 x 250 mL).1999 1999 Specification Booklet Racing Handbook P/N 484 2000 01 484 2000 03 484 2000 05 484 3000 03 484 0545 00 484 3000 02 484 3000 04 1999 Order from your SKI-DOO dealer. ‘ Bombardier synthetic chaincase oil (P/N 413 8033 00 — 12 x 355 mL). Œ Ask your dealer for the appropriate volume you need.  Equal distance between edges of track guides and slider shoes.: Not applicable OTHER PUBLICATIONS AVAILABLE PUBLICATIONS 1999 Shop Manual (english) Œ Volume 1 Volume 2 Volume 3 High Altitude Technical Data (loose sheets) Binder 1995 . ’ Ethylene-glycol antifreeze for aluminum engines mixed with water (3 parts of antifreeze for 2 parts of water). N. 133 .

NOTICE TO ALL NEW OWNERS: Make sure to receive the warranty registration card from the previous owner. when the ownership is transferred. vehicle serial number and date it was stolen.CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR OWNERSHIP If your address or owner has changed. address. Bombardier will provide a list of stolen units to all Ski-Doo dealers on a monthly basis to aid in recovery of such units to their owners. as you are entitled to the unexpired portion of the warranty. you should notify your area distributor’s warranty department of such. phone number. Please provide your name. since Bombardier will be in a position to contact you if correction to your snowmobile becomes necessary. be sure to fill out and mail the card provided on next page. STOLEN UNITS If the event that your snowmobile is stolen. 134 . Such notification is likewise necessary for your own safety even after expiration of the original warranty.

ZIP/POSTAL CODE NO _____________________________________________________________________________ CITY NEW ADDRESS OR NEW OWNER: _____________________________________________________________________________ NAME STREET STATE/PROVINCE APT.¡ CHANGE OF OWNERSHIP CHANGE OF ADDRESS VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OLD ADDRESS OR PREVIOUS OWNER: NAME STREET STATE/PROVINCE _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ APT. ZIP/POSTAL CODE _____________________________________________________________________________ NO _____________________________________________________________________________ CITY .

STAMP BOMBARDIER INC. SKI-DOO WARRANTY VALCOURT (QUEBEC) CANADA J0E 2L0 .

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