SOC. SCI.

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Group I Valerie L. Cruz Jackie Lou Abellanoza Janine Fernando

and symbols of societies and emphasizes the meanings of these things. norms. artifacts.CULTURE Culture includes the ideas. Sociology of culture studies cultural impacts on societies and of social interaction. Sociology of culture is incredibly varied with many different approaches and emphases. .

culture can have a certain utilitarian function ± the maintenance of order as the result of shared understandings and meanings."In other words. "Groups and societies need collective representations of themselves to inspire sentiments of unity and mutual support. and directs behavior toward certain lines of action and away from others. wards off chaos. "The sociological analysis of culture begins at the premise that culture provides orientation.Culture can also be seen to play a specific function in social life. According to Griswold. ." Griswold reiterates this point by explaining that. and culture fulfills this need.

Types Of Cultures .

values.POLITICAL CULTURE "Political culture is all of the discourses. organization. This kind of culture has always been present in any and all kinds of communities as each of them has a certain channel of authority. what does political culture usually stand for? It is the set of rules and traditions that are used in this or that country by the acting political elite with the aim of assumption and retention of power. determine the claims groups may and may not make upon one another. and implicit rules that express and shape political action and intentions. nation and alliance of states. and ultimately provide a logic of political action". We may relegate political culture to any individual. . So.

STRATEGIC CULTURE 'Strategic culture' is essentially connected with the ways nations and other formed groups select to attain own goals and in particular the cultural factors which affect the way they seek cooperation or competition in the international scene. .

.'ORGANIZATION CULTURE' The typical ways societies structure power relations in institutions. and promote economic activities. organize groups to achieve goals. styles of cooperation and conflict. patterns of openness and secrecy. Patterns of leadership. manager-worker relations. can be affected by broader cultural conceptions.

COMPONENTS OF CULTURE .

the same geographical area. resemblance. sound. or convention. right.a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation. Language . or particular mark that represents something else by association. . or the same cultural tradition. written word.Symbols .Values are deeply held beliefs about what is good.is something such as an object. and appropriate. picture. Values and Beliefs .

Mores and Folkways -the established practices of a society rather than its written laws. Social Control ± the social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behavior. within particular contexts. . toleration or sanction. disapproval. Shared rules of conduct that tell people on how to behave in a society.reflect what is actually happening insociety. leading to conformity and compliances to the rules of a given society or social group. They consist of shared understandings about the kinds of behavior likely to evoke approval.Norms .

or tangible human creations.ideal culture is what the values say we believe in. what we should practice.the industrial society is giving way to the information society where the focus is on the creation. while real culture is what actually exists. the Yanomamo value militaristic skill. Artifacts. New Information Technology and Culture . Material Culture and Technology ± Material and nonmaterial culture are very closely related. For instance. express the values of a culture. ."Ideal" and "Real" Culture . processing and application of information. and devote great care to making weapons while Canadians value independence and build highways for our automobiles.

CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE .

Culture is social. Not all things shared generally by a population are cultural. he is always a part of a group. .for it to be considered cultural it must be first learned as well as shared. Product develops by many people interacting in a group. No man is an island. Culture is passed on to succeeding generations primarily through Language/ Communication. Culture is shared and transmitted.Culture is learned and acquired.

Culture is adaptive. People are able to retain certain features of their culture that are significant. Every individual sees and approaches his world according to standpoint of his culture. Culture gratifies human needs.Culture is ideational. . love. shelter. Culture is cumulative. security and sex. Culture uses ideas and symbols to give meanings to his environment and experiences. Human has biological needs such as food. clothing. protection.

FUNCTIONS OF CULTURE .

When the nation has common feelings. contains and interprets the values of a society in a more or less systematic manner.Trademark or special feature that distinguishes one society from another. . common objectives it results to common national pride. Brings together. Social Solidarity inspires loyalty and devotion. Provides one of the most important bases for social solidarity.

Culture of a society provides behavioral pattern.Provides a blueprint of. It also provides norm to follow. Culture provides individual with the meaning and direction of his existence. The culture of any society is the dominant factor in establishing and molding the social personality. as well as the materials for social structure. Social stamp is expected despite differences of individuals. This explains why student will not come in class wearing her bathing suit. .

ADAPTATION OF CULTURE Man is one but cultures are many « .

refers to the independent development of culture characteristics into widely separated cultures. Parallelism. Ex: behavior patterns. Diffusion. 2.1. rituals and festivities . customs.common process of patterns and traits passing back and forth from one culture to another. food.

Ex: Moorish+Spanish culture. Dumagats of Palanan 4. Roman+ Germanic traits .3. Convergence. Fission.process that can be traced historically when a long. Ex: Aetas of Zambales. Manobos.established society breaks up into two or more independent units. Igorots.fusion of two or more culture into a new one which is somewhat different from its predecessors.

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