This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Prepared By: Mr. Charlie C. Falguera, RN, MAN
3% of all Cancers occur in age 14 years and below. . 75% of all Cancers occur after age 50 years.Incidence and Mortality Cancer ranks third in leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines.
glands (new). tissues.The Normal Cell Growth F:\Anatomy\cells.ppt .
Cell Cycle G0 Phase ± the interval in which the cell is at rest from cell division until a trigger in the immediate environment signals the beginning of the G1 Phase. . ± Restriction point ± a point in the G1 Phase after which the cell is committed to progressing into the S Phase. G1 Phase ± the interval in which RNA & protein are synthesized.
M Phase ± Actual division of the cell (mitosis) producing two daughter cells. occur in preparation for two mitosis.Cell Cycle S Phase ± Synthesis of both DNA & proteins of new chromosomes. including the synthesis of some RNA. G2 Phase ± Biochemical process. .
. Progression ± the cells are increasingly malignant in appearnce & behavior & develop into an invasive cancer with metastases to distant body parts. resulting in further genetic damage. ± Stages of Carcinogenesis: Initiation ± occurs when a carcinogen damages the DNA.Theories of Carcinogenesis Carcinogenesis ± the process through which normal cells are transformed into malignant cells. Promotion ± occurs with additional assaults to the cells.
Known Carcinogens Virus Chemicals ± Industrial compounds ± Hormones ± Food Preservatices Physical Agents Genetic susceptibility .
Types of Neoplasms Anatomic Site Classification ± Carcinomas ± Sarcomas ± Lymphomas ± Leukemias .