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EXP NO 7a.

LOAD TEST ON 3 O SQUIRREL


CAGE INDUCTION MOTOR

AIM:

To conduct load test on the given three phase squirrel cage induction
motor and to draw the performance characteristic curves.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Quanti
Sl.No Name Range
ty
1. Ammeter (0-10)A 1
2. Voltmeter (0-600)V 1
10A,600V
3. Wattmeter 2
UPF
4. Tachometer Digital 1

PRECAUTIONS:

Before switching ON the supply,


1. the should not be any load on the induction motor side at the time of
starting.
2. the phase sequence of RYB should be given properly.

FORMULA(E) USED:

1. Torque, T= (T1~T2) x R x 9.81 , Nm


where R is the radius of the brake drum in metre
2. Output Power PO = 2пNT 60 (watt)
3. Input Power Pi = W1+W2 (watt)
4. % Efficiency η = Po Pi x100
5. % Slip = NS-N x100 where NS = 120f P (rpm)
NS
6. Power factor cos ф = Pi VL IL √3
TABULATION:

Wattmeter1 Wattmeter2 Spring Balance


S.No V L IL T N P i P o η % slip% cos ф
o bs e r v e d actual o bs e r v e d actual T 1 T 2 T1~T 2

volt a m p w a t t w a t t w a t t w a t t k gf k gf k g f N m r p m wat t w a t t
PROCEDURE:

1. The connections were given as per the circuit diagram.


2. Observe the precautions and switch ON the ac supply.
3. The motor was started using the star-delta starter and the no load
readings were noted down from the voltmeter, ammeter and
wattmeter.
4. The load was adjusted in steps for various motor load currents from
no load to full load current and the corresponding readings were noted
down.
5. Reduce the load and observe the precautions and switch OFF the ac
supply.

MODEL GRAPH:

PF

2.5T
IL %η
%η N
PF
N IL
T
1.5T

T T

0 0
Po 20%NS 80%NS

N (rpm)

Result:
Thus the Load test of 3Ф Induction motor was done and characteristic
curves were drawn.