You are on page 1of 78

AB abortion

Ab anitbody

ABC aspiration, biopsy, cytology

abd abdomen

a.c.,ac before meals

ACE angiotensing coronary syndromes

ACL anterior cruciate ligament

ACS acute coronary syndroms

ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADD attention deficit disorder

ADH antidiuretic hormone

ADHD attention deficit disorder

ad lib freely as desired

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

alb albumin
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia

alk phos alkaline phosphatase

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALT alanine transaminase

AML acute myelocytic leukemia

AP or A/P anteroposterior

A&P ausculationa and percussion

aq water

ASD atrial septal defect

ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease

AST aspartate transaminase

AV arteriovenous;atrioventricular

A&W alive and well

BaE barium enema

B cells white blood cells

b.i.d., bid twice a day

BM bowel movement, bone marrow

BMT bone marrow transplant

BP,B/P blood pressure

BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy

Bronch bronchoscopy

blood sugar; bowel sounds; breath

bs sounds

BSE breast self examination

BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

BUN blood urea nitrogen

BW birth weight

Bx, bx biopsy

C1,C2 first, second cervical verebra

Ca calcium

CABG coronary artery bypass graft

CAD coronary artery disease

continuous ambulatory peritoneal

CAPD dialysis

cap capsule

cath catheter, catheterization

CBC complete blood count

CC chief complaint

CCU coronary care unit; critical care unit

CF cystic fibrosis

Chemo chemotherapy

CHF congestive heart failure

Chol cholesterol

CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

CIS carcinoma

CKD chronic kidney diseaase

cm centimeter
CML chronic myelocytic leukemia

CNS central nervous system

c/o complains of

CO2 carbon dioxide

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CP cerebral palsy, chest pain

CPD cephalopelvic desproportion

CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation

C&S, C+S culture adn sensitivity

C-section, CS cesarean section

CSF cerebrospinal fluid

CT computed tomography

CT (CAT) scan computed axial tomography

CVA cerebrovascualr accident (stroke)

c/w consistent with

CXR, CX chest x-ray

cysto cystoscopy

D&C dilation and curettage

DES diethylstilbestrol

DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation

diff differential

DKA diabetic ketoacidosis

DM diabetes mellitus

DNA deoxyribonucleic acid

DOB date of birth

DOE dyspne on exdrtion

DRE digital rectal exam

DT delirium tremens

DTR deep tendon reflex

DVT deep vein thrombosis

Dx diangosis

EBV Epstein-barr virus

ECC emergency cardiac care

ECG electrocardiogram

Echo echoardiogram
ECMO extrcoporeal membrane oxygenator

ECT electroconvulsive therapy

ED emergency department

EDC estimated date of confinement

EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eyes ears nose and throat

EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy

ELISA enzyme linke immunosorbet assay

EMG electromyogram

ENT ear nose throat

Eos eosinophil

ER emergency room, estrogen receptor

endoscopic retrograde
ERCP cholangiopancreatography

ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESRD end stage renal disease

ESWL extracoporeal shockwave lithotripsy

ETOH ethyl alcohol

exercise tolerance test, endotracheal

ETT tube

FBS fasting blood sugar

FDA food and drug administration

Fe iron

FEV forced expiratory volume

FH family history

FHR fetal heart rate

FSH follicle-stimulation hormone

F/U, f/u follow up

FUO fever of unknown origin

Fx fracture

g (gm) gram

Ga gallium
GB gallbladder

GC gonococcus

Gd gadolinium

GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease

Grav. 1,2,3 first second third pregnancy

gt, gtt drop, drops

GTT glucose tolerance test

GU genitourinary

GVHD graft versus host disease

Gyn gynecology
H hydrogen

h, hr hour

HBV hepatitis B virus

HCG, hCG human chorionic gonadotopin

Hct hematocrit
HCV hepatitis C virus

HD hemodialysis

HDL high density lipoproteins

HEENT head ears eyes nose and throat

Hg mercury
Hgb hemoglobin

health insurance portability and

HIPAA accountability act

HIV human immunodeficieency virus

h/o history of

H&P history and physical

HPV human papilloma virus

HRT hormone replacement therap

HSY hysterosalpinggography

HSV-1,,2 herpes simplex virus type 1,2

HTN hypertension
Hx history

I iodine

I&D incision and drainage

IBD inflammatory bowel disease

IBS irritable bowel syndrom

intensive care unit ICU

intramuscular; infectious
IM mononucleosis

INH isoniazid

IOL intraocular lens

I&O intake and outake

IUD intrauterine device

IV intravenous

IVP intravenous pyelogram

K potassium

kg kilogram
KS Kaposi sarcoma

KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder

L, l left, liter, lower

L1, L2 first, second lumbar vertebra

LA left atrium
lat lateral

LBP low back pain, low blood pressure

LDH lactate dehdrogenase

LDL low-density lipoproteins

LE lupus erythematosus
LEEP loop electrocautery excision procedure

LES lower esophageal sphincter

LFT liver function test

LLQ lower left quadrant

LMP last menstrual period

LP lumbar puncture

LPN licensed practical nurse

LTB laryngotracheal bronchitis

LUQ left upper quadrant

LV left venticle
LVAD left ventricle assist device

L&W living and well

lymphs lymphocytes

lytes electolytes

m meter, milli
MAC monitored anesthesia care

MCH mean corpuscular hemoglovin

mean corpuscular hemoglobing

MCHC concentration

MCV mean corpuscular volume

MD, M.D. medical doctor, muscular dystorphy

mets metastases

mg milligram

Mg Magnesium

MH marital history; mental health

MI myocardial infarction
ml milliliter

mm millimeter

mm HG milimiter of mercury, bp

mono moncytes

MRA magnetic rsonance angiograpy

MRI magnetic resonance angiography

mitral stenosis, multiple sclerosis,

MS mental status

MSW medical social worker

MVP mitarl valve prolapse

myop myopia
N nitrogen

Na sodium

NB newborn

NED no evidence of disease

NG tube nasogastic tube

NICU neonatal intensive care unit

NKA no known allergies

NPO nothing by mouth

NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSR normal sinus rhythm

NTP normal temperature and pressure

N+V nausea and vomiting

O2 oxygen

OA osteoarthritis

OB obstetrics
OD, O.D. right eye, eye doctor

OR operating room

ORIF open reduction, internal fixation

ORTH, ortho. orthodpeics or orthopaedics

os mouth
OS left eye

OSA obstructive sleep apnea

OU each eye

OV office visit

plan, posterior, pulse, phosphours,

P pupil, pressure
PA posteroanterior, pulmonary artery

PAC premature atrial contraction

arterial pressure of carbon dioxide in

PaCO2 the blood

PACS picture achival communications system

palp palpale
PaO2 arterial pressure of oxygen in the blood

Pap smear Papanicolaou smear

para paracentesis

woman having produced one, two, three

Para 1,2,3 viable offspring

p.c.,pc after meals

PCI percutaneous cornary interventions

physical examination; pulmonary

PE embolus

PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure

per by

pupils equal, round and reactive to light

PERRLA and accomdation
PET positive emmision tomography

PE tube pressure-equalizing tube

PFT pulmonary function test

PH past history

PI present illness
PID pelvic inflammatory disease

PKU phenyketonuria

PM afternoon, postmortem

PMH past medical history

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspne; postnasal

PND drip
p/o postoperative

p.o., po by mouth

polys polymorphonuclear leukocytes

poplit popliteal

post-op after operation

PP after meals; after birth

PPD purified protein derivative

pre-op before operation

prep prepare for

p.r.n., prn as needed

procto proctoscopy

pro time prothromibin time

PSA prostate specific antigen

pt patient

PT physical therapy;prothrombin time

PTA prior to admission

percuatneous transluminal coronary

PTCA angioplasty

PTH parathyroid hormone

PTR patient to return

PTT partial thromboplastin time

PVC permature ventricular contraction

PVD peripheal vasular disease

PVT paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia

PWB partial weight bearing

q every
q.h., qh every hour

q2h every two hours

q.i.d., qid four times a day

q.n.s.,qns quantity not sufficient

q.s.,qs quantity sufficient

qt quart

R,r right, respiration

RA rtheumatoid arthritis right atrium

rad radiation absorbed dose

RBC, rbc red blood cell

RIA radioimmunoassary

RLQ right lower quadrant

R/O, r/o rule out

ROM range of motion

ROS review of system

RP retrograde pyelogram

RR recovery room; respiration rate

RRR regular rate and rythm

RT radiation therapy, recreational therapy, radiologic


RUQ right upper quadrant

RV right ventricle

Rx treatment

S1,S2 first, second sacral vertebra

S-A node sinoatrial node

SARS severe acute respiratory syndrom

SBFT small bowel follow through

sed. rate erthrocyte sedimentation rate

segs segmented white blood cells

SERM selective estrogen receptor modulator without glasses

SH social history;serum hepatis

sig let it be labeled

SIDS sudden infant death syndrome

SIRS systemic lupus erythematosus

SMA sequential multiple analyzer

subjective data, ovjective data,
SOAP assessment, plan

SOB shortness of breath

S/P, s/p status post

single photon emission computed

SPECT tomography specific gravity

SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

staph staphyloccci

STAT, stat immediately

STI sexually transitted infection

strep streptococci
Sx symptoms;signs

sz seizure

T temperature, time

T1, T2 first, second thoracic vertebra

T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine

T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidecotomy

tab tablet

TAB thearaputic abortion

total abdominal hysteretomy-bilateral

TAH-BSO salpingo-oophorectomy
TB tuberculosis

lymphocytes originating in the thymus

T cells gland

TEE transesophageal echocardiogram

TIA tranient ischemic attack

transcutaneous electrical nerve

TENS stimulator
THR total hip replacement

t.i.d.,tid three times a day

TLC total lung capacity

TM tympanice membrane

TNM tumor ,nodes, metastasis

tomos tomograms

TPN total parenteral nutrition

TRUS transrectal ultrasound

TSH thyroid-stimulation hormone

transurethral incision of the prostate

TUIP gland
transurethral resection of the prostate
TUR, TURP gland

TVH total vaginal hysterectomy

Tx treatment

UA, U/A urinalysis

UE upper extremity
UGI upper gastointestinal

umb navel

ung ointment

U/O urine output

URI upper respiratory infection

US, u/s ultrasound

UTI urinary tract infection

UV ultraviolet

VA visual acuity

VC vital capacity of lungs

VCUG cystourethorgram

VF visual field, ventricular fibrilalltion

VS, V/S vital signs

VSD ventrivular septal defect

VSS vital signs stable

V tach, VT ventricular tachycardia

W/C wheel chair

wd wound

WDWN well developed, well nourished

WNL within normal limits

WT, wt weight

w/u work up

XRT radiotion thearpy

y/o, yr years old