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AB abortion

Ab anitbody

ABC aspiration, biopsy, cytology

abd abdomen

a.c.,ac before meals


ACE angiotensing coronary syndromes

ACL anterior cruciate ligament

ACS acute coronary syndroms

ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADD attention deficit disorder


ADH antidiuretic hormone

ADHD attention deficit disorder

ad lib freely as desired

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

alb albumin
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia

alk phos alkaline phosphatase

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALT alanine transaminase

AML acute myelocytic leukemia


AP or A/P anteroposterior

A&P ausculationa and percussion

aq water

ASD atrial septal defect

ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease


AST aspartate transaminase

AV arteriovenous;atrioventricular

A&W alive and well

BaE barium enema

B cells white blood cells


b.i.d., bid twice a day

BM bowel movement, bone marrow

BMT bone marrow transplant

BP,B/P blood pressure

BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy


Bronch bronchoscopy

blood sugar; bowel sounds; breath


bs sounds

BSE breast self examination

BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

BUN blood urea nitrogen


BW birth weight

Bx, bx biopsy

C1,C2 first, second cervical verebra

Ca calcium

CABG coronary artery bypass graft


CAD coronary artery disease

continuous ambulatory peritoneal


CAPD dialysis

cap capsule

cath catheter, catheterization

CBC complete blood count


CC chief complaint

CCU coronary care unit; critical care unit

CF cystic fibrosis

Chemo chemotherapy

CHF congestive heart failure


Chol cholesterol

CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

CIS carcinoma

CKD chronic kidney diseaase

cm centimeter
CML chronic myelocytic leukemia

CNS central nervous system

c/o complains of

CO2 carbon dioxide

COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


CP cerebral palsy, chest pain

CPD cephalopelvic desproportion

CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation

C&S, C+S culture adn sensitivity

C-section, CS cesarean section


CSF cerebrospinal fluid

CT computed tomography

CT (CAT) scan computed axial tomography

CVA cerebrovascualr accident (stroke)

c/w consistent with


CXR, CX chest x-ray

cysto cystoscopy

D&C dilation and curettage

DES diethylstilbestrol

DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation


diff differential

DKA diabetic ketoacidosis

DM diabetes mellitus

DNA deoxyribonucleic acid

DOB date of birth


DOE dyspne on exdrtion

DRE digital rectal exam

DT delirium tremens

DTR deep tendon reflex

DVT deep vein thrombosis


Dx diangosis

EBV Epstein-barr virus

ECC emergency cardiac care

ECG electrocardiogram

Echo echoardiogram
ECMO extrcoporeal membrane oxygenator

ECT electroconvulsive therapy

ED emergency department

EDC estimated date of confinement

EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eyes ears nose and throat

EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy

ELISA enzyme linke immunosorbet assay

EMG electromyogram

ENT ear nose throat


Eos eosinophil

ER emergency room, estrogen receptor

endoscopic retrograde
ERCP cholangiopancreatography

ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESRD end stage renal disease


ESWL extracoporeal shockwave lithotripsy

ETOH ethyl alcohol

exercise tolerance test, endotracheal


ETT tube

FBS fasting blood sugar

FDA food and drug administration


Fe iron

FEV forced expiratory volume

FH family history

FHR fetal heart rate

FSH follicle-stimulation hormone


F/U, f/u follow up

FUO fever of unknown origin

Fx fracture

g (gm) gram

Ga gallium
GB gallbladder

GC gonococcus

Gd gadolinium

GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease

Grav. 1,2,3 first second third pregnancy


gt, gtt drop, drops

GTT glucose tolerance test

GU genitourinary

GVHD graft versus host disease

Gyn gynecology
H hydrogen

h, hr hour

HBV hepatitis B virus

HCG, hCG human chorionic gonadotopin

Hct hematocrit
HCV hepatitis C virus

HD hemodialysis

HDL high density lipoproteins

HEENT head ears eyes nose and throat

Hg mercury
Hgb hemoglobin

health insurance portability and


HIPAA accountability act

HIV human immunodeficieency virus

h/o history of

H&P history and physical


HPV human papilloma virus

HRT hormone replacement therap

HSY hysterosalpinggography

HSV-1,,2 herpes simplex virus type 1,2

HTN hypertension
Hx history

I iodine

I&D incision and drainage

IBD inflammatory bowel disease

IBS irritable bowel syndrom


intensive care unit ICU

intramuscular; infectious
IM mononucleosis

INH isoniazid

IOL intraocular lens

I&O intake and outake


IUD intrauterine device

IV intravenous

IVP intravenous pyelogram

K potassium

kg kilogram
KS Kaposi sarcoma

KUB kidneys, ureters, bladder

L, l left, liter, lower

L1, L2 first, second lumbar vertebra

LA left atrium
lat lateral

LBP low back pain, low blood pressure

LDH lactate dehdrogenase

LDL low-density lipoproteins

LE lupus erythematosus
LEEP loop electrocautery excision procedure

LES lower esophageal sphincter

LFT liver function test

LLQ lower left quadrant

LMP last menstrual period


LP lumbar puncture

LPN licensed practical nurse

LTB laryngotracheal bronchitis

LUQ left upper quadrant

LV left venticle
LVAD left ventricle assist device

L&W living and well

lymphs lymphocytes

lytes electolytes

m meter, milli
MAC monitored anesthesia care

MCH mean corpuscular hemoglovin

mean corpuscular hemoglobing


MCHC concentration

MCV mean corpuscular volume

MD, M.D. medical doctor, muscular dystorphy


mets metastases

mg milligram

Mg Magnesium

MH marital history; mental health

MI myocardial infarction
ml milliliter

mm millimeter

mm HG milimiter of mercury, bp

mono moncytes

MRA magnetic rsonance angiograpy


MRI magnetic resonance angiography

mitral stenosis, multiple sclerosis,


MS mental status

MSW medical social worker

MVP mitarl valve prolapse

myop myopia
N nitrogen

Na sodium

NB newborn

NED no evidence of disease

NG tube nasogastic tube


NICU neonatal intensive care unit

NKA no known allergies

NPO nothing by mouth

NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSR normal sinus rhythm


NTP normal temperature and pressure

N+V nausea and vomiting

O2 oxygen

OA osteoarthritis

OB obstetrics
OD, O.D. right eye, eye doctor

OR operating room

ORIF open reduction, internal fixation

ORTH, ortho. orthodpeics or orthopaedics

os mouth
OS left eye

OSA obstructive sleep apnea

OU each eye

OV office visit

plan, posterior, pulse, phosphours,


P pupil, pressure
PA posteroanterior, pulmonary artery

PAC premature atrial contraction

arterial pressure of carbon dioxide in


PaCO2 the blood

PACS picture achival communications system

palp palpale
PaO2 arterial pressure of oxygen in the blood

Pap smear Papanicolaou smear

para paracentesis

woman having produced one, two, three


Para 1,2,3 viable offspring

p.c.,pc after meals


PCI percutaneous cornary interventions

physical examination; pulmonary


PE embolus

PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure

per by

pupils equal, round and reactive to light


PERRLA and accomdation
PET positive emmision tomography

PE tube pressure-equalizing tube

PFT pulmonary function test

PH past history

PI present illness
PID pelvic inflammatory disease

PKU phenyketonuria

PM afternoon, postmortem

PMH past medical history

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspne; postnasal


PND drip
p/o postoperative

p.o., po by mouth

polys polymorphonuclear leukocytes

poplit popliteal

post-op after operation


PP after meals; after birth

PPD purified protein derivative

pre-op before operation

prep prepare for

p.r.n., prn as needed


procto proctoscopy

pro time prothromibin time

PSA prostate specific antigen

pt patient

PT physical therapy;prothrombin time


PTA prior to admission

percuatneous transluminal coronary


PTCA angioplasty

PTH parathyroid hormone

PTR patient to return

PTT partial thromboplastin time


PVC permature ventricular contraction

PVD peripheal vasular disease

PVT paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia

PWB partial weight bearing

q every
q.h., qh every hour

q2h every two hours

q.i.d., qid four times a day

q.n.s.,qns quantity not sufficient

q.s.,qs quantity sufficient


qt quart

R,r right, respiration

RA rtheumatoid arthritis right atrium

rad radiation absorbed dose

RBC, rbc red blood cell


RIA radioimmunoassary

RLQ right lower quadrant

R/O, r/o rule out

ROM range of motion

ROS review of system


RP retrograde pyelogram

RR recovery room; respiration rate

RRR regular rate and rythm

RT radiation therapy, recreational therapy, radiologic


technologis

RUQ right upper quadrant


RV right ventricle

Rx treatment

S1,S2 first, second sacral vertebra

S-A node sinoatrial node

SARS severe acute respiratory syndrom


SBFT small bowel follow through

sed. rate erthrocyte sedimentation rate

segs segmented white blood cells

SERM selective estrogen receptor modulator

s.gl. without glasses


SH social history;serum hepatis

sig let it be labeled

SIDS sudden infant death syndrome

SIRS systemic lupus erythematosus

SMA sequential multiple analyzer


subjective data, ovjective data,
SOAP assessment, plan

SOB shortness of breath

S/P, s/p status post

single photon emission computed


SPECT tomography

sp.gr. specific gravity


SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

staph staphyloccci

STAT, stat immediately

STI sexually transitted infection

strep streptococci
Sx symptoms;signs

sz seizure

T temperature, time

T1, T2 first, second thoracic vertebra

T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine

T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidecotomy

tab tablet

TAB thearaputic abortion

total abdominal hysteretomy-bilateral


TAH-BSO salpingo-oophorectomy
TB tuberculosis

lymphocytes originating in the thymus


T cells gland

TEE transesophageal echocardiogram

TIA tranient ischemic attack

transcutaneous electrical nerve


TENS stimulator
THR total hip replacement

t.i.d.,tid three times a day

TLC total lung capacity

TM tympanice membrane

TNM tumor ,nodes, metastasis


tomos tomograms

TPN total parenteral nutrition

TRUS transrectal ultrasound

TSH thyroid-stimulation hormone

transurethral incision of the prostate


TUIP gland
transurethral resection of the prostate
TUR, TURP gland

TVH total vaginal hysterectomy

Tx treatment

UA, U/A urinalysis

UE upper extremity
UGI upper gastointestinal

umb navel

ung ointment

U/O urine output

URI upper respiratory infection


US, u/s ultrasound

UTI urinary tract infection

UV ultraviolet

VA visual acuity

VC vital capacity of lungs


voiding
VCUG cystourethorgram

VF visual field, ventricular fibrilalltion

VS, V/S vital signs

VSD ventrivular septal defect

VSS vital signs stable


V tach, VT ventricular tachycardia

W/C wheel chair

wd wound

WDWN well developed, well nourished

WNL within normal limits


WT, wt weight

w/u work up

XRT radiotion thearpy

y/o, yr years old