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Flexible settlement*

architects B. Kaskouras and Helen Maistrou

The object of this study was to devise a flexible open system of construction

'Summary of a diploma thesis submitted to the Department of Architectural Design, National Technical University of Athens, Professor D. Zivas, 1973.

adapted to changing needs in housing over a period of time. The system is based on a combination of plastic ring-shaped elements available in five types: (a) full ring, (b) open ring, (c) half ring, (d) incorporating kitchen instaJJations, (e) incorporating bathroom installations.

Thus the settlement achieves flexibility through: (a) changes in the size of the living space, (b) changes in the size of the settlement as a whole.

The system can be easily disassembled, transported elsewhere and reassembled.

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Axonometric of housing unit. A Upper floor with bedroom and bathroom, B. Ground floor with bedroom and bathroom F. Ground floor with living-room and kitchen.

2.

Plans. sections, elevation.

3.

General view of the settlement.

4.

Typical layout of the settlement. Pedestrian ways behind the houses are incorporated in the same structural system, While steps lead from one level to the next.

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2

Student dormitorie.s at the new Athens University campus*

architects Lena Argyriadou, Ch. Kapareliotis, P.Papantonopoulos

The study proposes the creation of a dormitory network wearing in and out of existing academic buildings, starting from points 1, 2, 3 (ill. 1), The network is based on a simple meta! space frame consisting of short metal rods forming small pyramids. The living units, each incorporating various functions (bathroom, kitchen,

• Summary of a diploma thesis submitted to the Department of Architectural Design, National'r'echnical University of Atheris, Professor Ch. PolychronopouJos, 1972.

children's bedroom etc), are plugged in or clipped on the space frame, and may easily be removed, replaced or relocated. Floor/area ratio is 65% of horizontal space frame levels, and has been dictated by the grouping of students in units of 12-25 persons.

cranes for easy erection of living units and maintenance,

c) The structure is lightweight (each unit weighs 110 kgm) resulting in important savings in the foundations.

d) The cost of erection is minimal; nonetheless, the total cost of the system is today higher than that of' a conventional structure.

e) The system may be completed in stages, as needs arise.

Notes:

a) Mechanical and electrical installations are standardised and have been placed in the columns supporting the space frame. b) The entire system is complemented by

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Part of the system at point 2.

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The space frame.

4,5.

View of living units.

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Section of living unit.

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Plan of living unit.

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The skeleton of each living unit (o ) consists of four sections made from reinforced plastics and clipped together (6). Tile reinforcing cables and installalion pipes and ducts pass through recesses in the skeleton (y). The various functional elements are fitted onto the four inclined planes of the skeleton; they are made of reinforced plastics, acrylic sheets or pofyuerethane foam, depending on function (is). They are securely buttoned or zipped together. and the living unit is then transported ie ) and lifted by crane (or) to its place within the space frame ((. 17)·

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