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'lhis is a notebook.

Timpurile verbale
[dis iz e noutbuk]
'lhis is my bed. [6is iz mai bed]
I am a teacher. [ai em e titJa:] se exprim[ prin
'lhis is my family. in limba englez[, noliunea de timp gramatical
[dis iz mai femili] cuvantul "tense" [tens], in timp ce "time" [taim] exprimil timpul fizic'
Sistemul verbal englez este foarte diferit de cel al limbilor neo-latine
VOCABULARY (francezil, italiani, portughezl, spanioli, romAn[), datoriti nofiunii de
sce[si] =avedea aspect. Astfel, existi doui aspecte: simplu 9i continuu, care arati acfiunile
school [skul] = qcoali exprimate de verb.
I am [ai em] = eu sunt O alti deosebire intre cele doui sisteme gramaticale constl in lipsa
girl [gerl] = fati inflexiunilor. Limba englezi a pierdut, de-a lungul ultimelor cinci secole,
boy [boi] = bliat o mare parte din inflexiuni sau terminafii care s[ marcheze categorii
this is [dis iz] = aceasta/ acesta este gramaticale cum ar fi: persoanfl, numir.
ball [bcl] = minge Spre deosebire unde existl un singur timp prezent, in limba englezi
tree [tri] = copac existl patru timpuri Prezent:
write[rait] =dsCrie . Present Tense Simple (aspectul simplu)
. Present Tense Continuous (aspectul continuu)
with [wid] = cu
. Present Perfect Simple (timp compus, aspect simplu)
pcn [pen] = stilou
. Present Perfect Continuous (timp compus, aspect continuu)
there are fdee er] = s[rrt, existi
book [buk] = carte
on [c:n] = pe Timpul Prezent Indicativ (Present Tense Simple)
rrry [mai] = al allai/ ale mea/ mele
tnblc [teibel] = mase Timpul prezent indicl:
house [haus] = cssi :ffio acfiune sau o stare care are loc in momentul vorbirii.
notcbook [noutbuk] = caiet I see my sister playing in the garden.
bccl flrccl] = pat O vid pe sora mea jucAndu-se in grldini.
tcnchcr Ititja:] = profesor :@o acfiune care este inflptuiti de obicei sau zi de zi
liutrily [f.cmili] = familie Tom washes his face every morning.
Tom se spali pe faqi in fiecare diminea{i'
.fficondilii,lucruri sau credinle ce nu se pot schimba
GRAMATICA
Two plus two equals four.
l)ozifia adjectivului in Iimba engleza este intotdeauna inaintea
Doi plus doi egal patru.
rsl ir lt tivrtlr-ti.
:ffiintampliri deja stabilite ci vor avea loc in viitorul apropiat
She flics ttl Bttcharest tomorrow.
Flxcmplu: c:utc <:irt ., pisir:ti CtfgglttA
Ea are atviolt t:itt't' llrtcurcqti miine' (qi-a luat deja bilet)
lrt,wlrrrI nllirit'nouir

)F [iz] dupl consoane sibilante: She washes. la toate '@Negativ persoanele singular qi plural. She buzzes. Forrna afirmativi TO TALK TO TRY TO TALI( TO TRY I talk I try Do I talk? Do I try? You talk You try Do you talk? Do you try? He talks He tries Does he talk Does he try? She talks She tries Does she talk Does she try? It talks It tries Does it talk? Does it try? \Mc talk We try Do wc tall<? l)o wc try? Yrlu talk You try l)o you Iall<'l l)o y<tu l"ry? 'lhey tall< -ilrcv I)o thcy try? trv )rr l( lv Lrll<? .She applies You don't talk You don't try Y devine i.: We don't listen to music. We don't talk Exemplu: to apply . a III-a singular) '. a III-a singular) + subiect + verb (infinitiv scurt) ? pray prays don't / doesn't (pers. She goes. la care se adaugi -(e)s. es (persoana a III-a singular) Don't they usttally come at 8 otlock? Doesn't she go to work everY daY? ex: Igo to school every day. It does not rain every daY. [Ji weJiz] I do not go to school everY daY. a book everY daY. Verbele say gi do au la persoana a III-a singular o pronunfie deosebiti TO TALI( TO TRY fafl de celelalte persoane: I don't talk I don't try I say [sei] He says [sez] She says [sez] You don't talk You don't try I do [du] He does [dAz] She does [dAz] He doesn't try He doesn't talk Desinenla -s devine -es atunci cAnd verbul se termini in s. subiect + do not (don't) + verb (infinitiv scurt) Din punct de vedere al pronunfiei -(e)s se pronunfi: does not (doesn't) (persoana a III-a singular) rffF trt dupl consoane surde: She sings.@Interogativ play plays do /does (fuers. [Ji wori: z] She doesn't read. She reaches. ch. It doesn't talk It doesn t try Exemplu: She presses. cu excepfia persoanei a III-a singular. [Ji sins] et. x. :$F [z] dupi consoane sonore qi vocale: She worries. We don't try Atunci cAnd verbul se termini in y iati cum formim prezentul. They don't talk They dont try Excepfie: dacl -y este precedat de o vocali. Forma prezentului este identici cu forma de infinitiv. . He goes to work every day. She doesnt try She doesnt talk rch sau o.: Do you sPeak English? Does he sPeak French? subiect + verb (infinitiv scurt) + s. z.ffiAfirmativ ex.

W .f )' s. us? f$r IT $. . |ane:Iseeafamily.' I Don't I talk? Don't I try? Don't you talk? Don't you try? Doesn't he talk Doesn't he try? Doesn't she talk Doesn't she try? Doesn't it talk? Doesn't it try? Don't we talk? Don't we try? Don't you talk? Don't you talk? stradi lloitt Don't they talk? Don't they talk? 'What do you have? Fred: What do you have in your hand? Amy: I have an apple. r' :f{ fohn: W. Forma negativi 3. {. $5j Mary: Doesn't he come with fane: No. he can't come. Ei inv6!a{i cuvintele. protesor lllilll George:'What do you see? Md' ? wo.#flt Mary: She is a teacher. (lopirr{i tcxlrrl lcr'(ici.i rr TO TALK s[ construifi enunfuri simple care sa le confini' TO TRY crel0n It't'r'lr .. Citifi cu glas tare textul lecfiei 2. ' ghiozdan Exerci+ii f.Identificafi obiectele de mai jos cu aju. George: There is a book on the table.hat is she? .torul dicf itlnirIrr lt ti i. lritttt Fred: What is there on the table? t.