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Module 11-3
Design Equation for Pitting of Helical Gear Teeth

C p W t Ko Kv
K m C f s ac Z N C H
dF I

Given information that is common to both gears in the set:
ϕ= 25 degrees Pressure angle
ψ= 20 degrees Helix angle
Pd = 6 teeth/in Diametral pitch
Gear type = AGMA full depth Tooth type
Tooth load= Loaded at tip Type of tooth loading
F= 2.000 inches Face width
Wt = 430 lbf Transmitted load
vt = 1,527 ft/min Pitch line velocity
SH = 2.00 Factor of safety-pitting
Ko = 1.0 Overload factor
Qv = 6 Quality class of gear set
Cf = 1.0 Surface cond'n factor
ZN = 1.0 Stress cycle factor-pitting
KT = 1.0 Temperature factor
KR = 1.0 Reliability factor

Given information that may be different for each gear in the set:
Pinion Gear
Ni = 14 17 teeth Number of teeth
Gear style = 1 1 -1=intnl gear,+1=extrnl
Addendum = 0% 0% Percent +long/-short
Material = Bronze Steel HB200 Material type
grade = UNSC95400 Grade 1 Material grade
Hardness = 190 200 BHN Brinell hardness number
µ= 0.35 0.30 Poisson's ratio
E= 16100000 30000000 psi Elastic modulus

Values found from the above information and inserted by the designer:
sac = 65,000 93,500 psi Allowable stress

Values automatically computed using the above information:

d= 2.333 2.833 in pitch diameter
I= #VALUE! Geometry factor-pitting
Cp = 1,937 (lb/in2)0.5 Elastic coefficient
CH = 1.0 #VALUE! Hardness ratio factor
Kv = #VALUE! Dynamic factor
Km = #VALUE! Load distribution factor
mF = #VALUE! Axial contact ratio>1
sc = #VALUE! #VALUE! psi Left-hand side of eqn.
RHS 32,500 #VALUE! psi Right-hand side of eqn.

Status #VALUE! #VALUE!

Note: This module has embedded Visual Basic functions to

compute the output values. They were developed using
Microsoft Excel and may not work with other spreadsheet

Source: AGMA Standard 2001-C95, Fundamental Rating Factors and

Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear Teeth
with the permission of the publisher, American Gear Manufacturers
Association, 1500 King Street, Suite 201, Alexandria, VA 22314.