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1 and Div. 1 and Div. Div. Div. 2 Page 3 of 66 . 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Rev 9 Revision History This revision is a complete reformat to Std 0601 Rev 8 and includes requirements for pressure vessels to ASME Section VIII.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Div. Rev 9. 2 that was previously contained in Std 0602 Rev 1. Standard 0601. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.

..................... Div.............................................................................................................................4.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 30 5.................................................................................. Rev 9..........................................................................3.................................................................................................................. 2............... 1 and Div............................... 36 5.........................................................................2.......... ADDENDA ................................................................................................ 2¼ Cr-1 Mo-¼ V....... 42 APPENDIX B – SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR VESSELS FABRICATED OF 1 Cr-½ Mo and 1¼ Cr-½ Mo STEELS......................................... Div........... LIST OF APPENDICES.............................................................................................. 3........................................................... 5 DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS ............ 9 5................................................................................MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.......................................................... 41 APPENDIX A – TYPICAL FABRICATION MATERIALS .................................................................................................................................. 5.......6...............7... 2 Page 4 of 66 .................. 41 7.... 32 5................ 58 APPENDIX E – NOZZLE LOADS FOR VESSELS FABRICATED FROM STEEL ........................... IMPLEMENTATION......................................................... Fabrication ... 41 8....... 41 9............. 9 5................................. 64 1. APPROVED BY .................................................................. 3 Cr-1 Mo and 3 Cr-1 Mo-¼ V STEELS ...................................................................5................................................................ Standard 0601... Inspection And Testing..................................................... Documentation and Approval Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................... INTERPRETATION AND UPDATING ................................. 41 10............. 4................................... 44 APPENDIX C – SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR VESSELS FABRICATED OF 2¼ Cr-1 Mo....................................................................... 27 5.... 10 5...................... 5 RESPONSIBILITIES..........1............................ 37 6......... Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII........... 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Number: 0601 Revision: 9 PURPOSE AND SCOPE........ General .............. 1 and Div....................... Materials........................................................................................................ Special Service Requirements............................................ Design Requirements...................................................................................... 60 APPENDIX F – INTERPRETATIONS ......... 8 STANDARD ... 5 REFERENCED STANDARDS.................................. 49 APPENDIX D – SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR HEAVY WALL VESSELS .........................................................................................

1. The Standard is issued to establish uniform procedures and requirements for design. PURPOSE AND SCOPE 1. 2. The scope of this Standard is also applicable for category ‘H’ fittings as defined by CSA B51 for fittings installed in Canada such as pulsation suppression devices. nondestructive examination. 2. The scope of this Standard supplement/clarify the requirements for mechanical design. REFERENCED STANDARDS 3.3. 1. the requirements of CSA B51 shall also be met. 2. Div. Paragraphs that have interpretations associated with them are denoted by the letter INT in the left hand margin next to the paragraph number. drain pots. 1.4. Responsible to revise and update this Standard. inspection and testing of pressure vessels. strainers.1.1.1 and Div. Suncor Standards and Drawings 3. Responsible to ensure this standard is properly implemented when adopted for a project. Responsible for approving and implementing this standard. 2. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 1.4. RESPONSIBILITIES 2. Rev 9. For vessels installed in Canada.1. 1. Project Engineering Manager 2. fabrication process. Director Of Engineering 2. 2 .1.1. 3. Div. fabrication. The interpretations may be found in Appendix F and this is additional information to further explain the requirements of the relevant paragraph. Standards are being used as references. Responsible to ensure the requirements of this standard are incorporated in the course of a project design.1.2.3.1. Where there are different requirements within this standard due to specific requirements for service and/or materials being utilized. material selection. instrument seal pots. inspection.1.4. the more stringent criteria shall be applied. Subject Matter Expert 2.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2. Project Discipline Engineer 2. 1 and Div. STD 0213 STD 0214 STD 0300 STD 0301 STD 0302 STD 0603 Positive Material Identification (PMI) Painting Structural Engineering Criteria Design of Steel Structures Furnishing of Steel Structures Alloy Cladding Page 5 of 66 Standard 0601.2. 1 and Div.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. and testing of pressure vessels fabricated in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII Div. filters.1.3. The following Suncor Energy Inc.

1.1. 3.1.1. Industry Standards 3. 3.1.11.47 ASME SA-388 Power Boilers Material Specifications (Parts A. ASME SA-578 3.2.2.2.2. 3.4. 3.5 ASME B16.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.1. ASME SA-435 3.2.2.2. Pressure Vessel. and Pressure Piping Code ASTM Standards ASTM E-112 ASTM E-165 ASTM E-21 Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size Standard Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Examination Elevated Temperature Tension Tests of Metallic Materials 3.5.2. ASME CC 2235 3.1. Boiler.9. 3.3. D) Non-Destructive Evaluation Pressure Vessels (Division 1 and 2) Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings NPS ½ Through NPS 24 Forged Steel Fittings. 3.1.2. 1 and Div. 3.7.2.2.1.3.8.2. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes Section I Section II Section V Section VIII ASME B16. B.10.2. Rev 9. Div. 3.1.6.2.1.2.3. 2 Page 6 of 66 .2. Div. Standard 0601.1.2.2.2.2.12.1.20 ASME B16.3.1.2. Socket-Welding and Threaded Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges .2.3. Divisions 1 and 2 3. 2 STD 0903 STD 1003 PQA-GS-0019 Welding Requirements Fireproofing of Structures and Equipment Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Use of Advanced UT In Lieu of RT For Examination of ASME Code Section I and Section VIII Vessel Welds 3.Ring-Joint. C. 1 and Div.1. 3.3. CSA Standards CSA B51 3.2. 3.11 ASME B16. 3.1. Spiral Wound & Jacketed Large Diameter Steel Flanges NPS 26 Through NPS 60 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Heavy Steel Forgings Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Plates Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Plain and Clad Steel Plates for Special Applications Use of Ultrasonic Examination in Lieu of Radiography Section I and Section VIII. 3.

2. 3.2.2.4.6.1.6. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 3. 3.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2.2.2.3. 3. 1 and Div.High-pressure Hydrogen Service Materials and Fabrication of 1 1/4Cr-1/2Mo Steel Heavy Wall Pressure Vessels for High-pressure Hydrogen Service Operating at or Below 825 °F (441 °C) An Experimental Study of Causes and Repair of Cracking of 1¼ Cr-½ Mo Steel Equipment Steels for Hydrogen Service at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Plants Avoiding Environmental Cracking in Amine Units 3. 3.2.5. 3.5.3.4.5.2. API 934C 3. 3.4.2. 2 Page 7 of 66 . 2 1/4Cr-1Mo-1/4V.5.6.2.1.2.5. WRC Bulletins WRC 107-79 WRC 297-84 WRC 305 WRC 275-82 Local Stress in Spherical and Cylindrical Shells Due to External Loadings Local Stresses in Cylindrical Shells Due to External Loadings on Nozzles Hydrogen Attack Limit of 2¼ Cr-1 Mo Steel The use of 2¼ Cr-1 Mo Steel for Thick Wall Reactor Vessels in Petroleum Refinery Processes – An Interpretative View of 25 Years of Research and Application 3.1. 3.2. API 938 API 941 API 945 Standard 0601.5. Div.4.4.4.3.2. 3. 3Cr1Mo.2.4. 3. 1 and Div. 3.6.5.2.2.2. NACE Publications NACE 8X194 NACE MR0103 NACE MR0175 NACE RP0472 Material and Fabrication Practices for New Pressure Vessels Used in Wet H2S Refinery Service Materials Resistant to Sulfide Stress Cracking in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment Methods and Controls to Prevent In Service Environmental Cracking of Carbon Steel Weldments in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments Avoiding Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steel Refinery Equipment and Piping 3.2. NACE RP0403 API Publications API 934A Materials and Fabrication of 2 1/4Cr-1Mo. Div.6.2.6. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2.5.4. Rev 9. and 3Cr-1Mo-1/4V Steel Heavy Wall Pressure Vessels for Hightemperature. 3. 3.

3.1998 Pressure Vessel Design Handbook. No.2.2.7. R.4. Iwadate E.8. Standard 0601.7. 4. Ed. Zick 4.7. Krieger Publishing Co.Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance Volume 10. E.means the company and/or person authorized for inspection. ASME International.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. fabricator. Bechtel Co.2.2. 4.5. manufacturer. Aug. NACE International.2.7. 3.2.R.3. Original paper published in September 1951 "THE WELDING JOURNAL RESEARCH SUPPLEMENT.11.means a registered.2.. 3rd Edition Hydrogen Induced Cracking in 2¼ Cr-1 Mo Welds Prevention of Fracture in High Temperature / High Pressure Reactors Made of Cr-Mo Steels.7. Foulds R. 1 and Div. 2001 Materials Selection for Petroleum Refineries and Gathering Facilities. Kaups L. JSW research studies “Pressure Vessel Breakdown Prevention. Ed.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 3.7. The “Owner” . T. 3.7. Prescott T. Rev 9.4. 3.2.7.means Suncor Energy Inc. Stresses in Large Horizontal Cylindrical Pressure Vessels on Two Saddle Supports. W. Brownell.A White Henry Bednar Dennis Moss G.1959 A Report on Residual Stress Effects Observed on Train “C” Regenerator C1C-5.9. Div. 4.5. 2 Page 8 of 66 .6. Upitis. 3. Nose J.R. Examination and Restoration” – Chicago Bridge and Iron Technical Services Company Equipment Design. L.7.2. Reference Books T. “Owner’s Engineer” .2.means the entity. “Owner’s Inspector” . John Whiley & Sons. professional engineer employed directly by Suncor responsible for the technical integrity of the project. Young Effect of Hydrogen on MPT and Dehydrogenation During Shutdown in Hydroprocessing Reactors. or contractor that supplies the material or services. F. 3.2.P. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 3. 4. Straiton 3. vendor.1.10. ASME Code Section VIII Division 3 is not referred in the scope of this standard. DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS 4. S.2.. Gulf Publishing Co. 4.means Suncor or its representative designated for that project.6. Shadid. Div. The “Supplier” .7. “Code” means the rules presented in ASME Code Section VIII Division 1 and Division 2." 3. 1 and Div. The “Buyer” . 1997 Graphitization of Steels in Elevated Temperature Service .2. 2nd Edition Pressure Vessel Design Manual.7.3.4.7.1. Sakai. 3. 3.7.

1 and Div. All pressure vessels designated to operate in Canada and fabricated outside Canada shall be approved by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors.8.5.12.1. vessel drawings and/or technical specifications as applicable. state. 5. DEA.14.1. Maintenance of pressure vessels may be permitted to other codes such as API 510 or National Board Inspection Code. NB-23 as allowed by regulations in a particular jurisdiction.10. rules.13. The MDR shall refer to the latest revision of approved design. and local laws and the supplementary requirements provided in this Standard.1. “Cyclic Service” – Services in which the following conditions may occur. MDEA or DGA used for H2S removal. Any alterations made on existing registered equipment shall be made in accordance with the requirements specified in the edition of the Code which was originally used for design and fabrication of the equipment.1. “Amine Service” – Services containing amines such as MEA. 4.1. tested. Div. • • • Operating pressure and/or temperature variations Forced vibrations Variations in external loads 4. The requirements resulting from approved deviations shall be noted on the mechanical data sheets. “Hydrogen Service” – This service is defined in Standard 0903 4. “Sour Service” –This service is defined in Standard 0903. 5. Standard 0601.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 4. 4. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 4. Rev 9.4. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. “Hydrofluoric (HF) Acid Service” – streams containing hydrofluoric acid.6. vessel drawings and/or technical specifications as applicable.13.3.6). All conditions of approval provided by Canadian Local Authorities shall be confirmed in the Manufacturer’s Data Report (MDR). Modifications to these requirements shall require an approved deviation. 1 and Div. 5. Where the Owner's Engineer is required to provide information and or decisions within this standard. 4.9. 4. Div. 5. STANDARD 5. 5.8 to 4. and stamped in accordance with the latest edition of the ASME Code (see definition in paragraph 4. “Caustic Service” – Services containing sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or caustic potash (KOH). inspected. The requirements within this Standard represent Suncor's minimum technical requirements. codes. 5. any mandatory national.1. 2 Page 9 of 66 . examined.1.1. General 5. fabrication and testing of Pressure Vessels. “General Service” – Any service that is different than the ones presented in paragraphs 4. this information shall be noted on the mechanical data sheets. All pressure vessels shall be designed. “Local Authorities” means the governmental regulatory authority controlling laws.7. or regulations for the design. fabricated.2.11.

Pd = 1. a.1.2.1. The degree of flooding to be approved by Owner’s Engineer.2. Components of vessel envelope exposed to different operating pressures on both surfaces (such as intermediate heads or internal shells and heads of jacketed vessels) shall be designed to withstand the following two cases. shall be designed to withstand an external pressure of 15 psi (103 kPag) [full vacuum]. The Design Pressure shall be provided in the vessel data sheet and in the fabricator documents. as required by process conditions for normal operation.2.2.1. 5. shall be designed to withstand an external pressure of 7 psig (48 kPag) [half vacuum] at @ 100°F (38°C).5. Unless otherwise specified. 5.3.4.6. or any other transitory fluctuations. 5.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2. 5. Design Requirements 5. Vessels exposed to steam-out. All other vertical vessels (such as fractionation towers) shall be designed to satisfy all of the following cases.2. Design Pressure “Design Pressure” (Pd) – shall be considered as the Process Design Pressure and is the maximum pressure measured at the highest point of the vessel.2.7. Div. b. MAWP shall not exceed Pd. ii. The following supplementary requirements shall be considered when establishing the design static head. Page 10 of 66 5.1. For vessels installed in Alberta. shutdown.1. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5. 5. b.1.2. Vessel maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) shall be determined by using the following restrictions.10 x MOP or Pd = MOP + 25 [psig] where. shall be designed for the flooded condition. Div. INT Standard 0601.1. Vessel subject to design pressure and temperature and filled with liquid up to the highest operating level. 2 . 1 and Div. 1 and Div. Nozzle reinforcement required to withstand external pipe loads shall be considered as a potential limitation for MAWP. Horizontal vessels and vertical vessels designated to store liquid (such as surge/charge or storage vertical vessels). Rev 9. Pd of a vessel shall be selected as the maximum between. 5.1. MAWP shall meet or exceed the vessel Design Pressure (Pd). Vessel subject to normal operating pressure and temperature and completely or partially flooded with liquid.2. a.2. i. start-up.1. Vessels exposed to vacuum during normal operation. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. MOP = Maximum Operating Pressure at the top of vertical vessels (or the top of the shell on horizontal vessels).

Determine the minimum process operating temperature.2. MDMT is determined based on the lowest expected temperature in service taking into account the normal operation. a. INT 5.4. 5.1. Maximum foreseen upset temperature. lowest ambient temperature. startup. 5. Adherance to the MPT is not necessary for activities such as shop hydrotesting of new equipment where in-service embrittlement is irrelevant. For vessels operating up to 750°F (399°C) use maximum operating temperature plus 50°F (28°C). a. b. b.1. or 100% of the specified minimum yield strength for austenitic steels or non-ferrous materials.2. shock chilling or auto refrigeration.2.10. For vessels where in-service metallurgical or hydrogen embrittlement is expected the MDMT shall be considered equal with the Minimum Pressurization Temperature (MPT) where MPT is considered the minimum temperature at which toughness of embrittled material meets the required design value. For vessels operating over 750°F (399°C) use maximum operating temperature plus 25°F (14°C).8. The maximum membrane stress generated in the vessel envelope during the hydrotest. shell not exceed 90% of the specified minimum yield strength for ferritic steels.1. Internal design pressure (applied on concave side) plus vacuum design pressure (if applicable) applied on convex side.2.2. Determine the minimum ambient temperature in the location where the equipment will operate. External design pressure (applied on convex side) plus vacuum design pressure (if applicable) applied on concave side. shutdown and other known or anticipated upset conditions. b. Determine if the equipment is located outdoor. 5.1.2.9.2.2.2. 2 Page 11 of 66 . Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. c. All pressure vessels (including their supports) shall also be designed for field hydrotest in erected position. The minimum design metal temperature (MDMT) shall be considered to be the minimum temperature at which the vessel can be subjected at combination of stresses greater than 30% of allowable stress Sa (or 20% if designed in accordance with Division 2) any time during the operating lifetime.2.2. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 a.2. Standard 0601. Both the shop and field hydrotest pressures shall be determined based on vessel MAWP assuming that vessel is being corroded. Design Temperature The design temperature shall be considered uniform across the entire vessel and shall be the maximum value of the following options.2. INT 5. The MPT shall be established after determining the following information and the MPT shall be noted on the vessel datasheet and drawings. Div. Rev 9.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 5. 1 and Div. INT 5. Div. 5. c.2. 1 and Div.3. On vessels where in-service metallurgical or hydrogen embrittlement is not expected.

remains unchanged.UCS-66 and UCS-66.000 for base metals and “X” factor for weld metal. For the base metal with the highest “J” factor. f.5. e. Sb may occur). Determine the degree of embrittlement caused by carbon segregation (graphitization) in vessels operating at temperatures higher than 750°F (399°C). As. using curves presented in ASME Code Section VIII. calculate “J” factor = (Si + Mn) x (P + Sn) x 10. Determine the degree of embrittlement induced by atomic (nascent) hydrogen charged into vessels as a result of aqueous corrosion or Hydrogen Service. k. paragraph 3. Standard 0601. Determine if the equipment will be exposed to auto refrigeration (Joule Thompson effect) in the case of pressure fluctuations. Excessive stress induced in the pressure envelope at temperatures below the Minimum Pressuring Temperature (MPT). Maximum temperature at which the allowable stress Sa of material used for pressure envelope. refer to Figure 1 below.7.6.1 or Section VIII.11.8. Div. a. Rev 9. 5. Temperature limit of the flange rating b. For Cr-Mo alloys described in Appendix B (where embrittlement by precipitates may occur). Div. calculate “X” factor = (10 x P + 5 x Sb + 4 x Sn + As) / 100 for base and weld metal. i. For Cr-Mo alloys described in Appendix C (where embrittlement due to temper embrittlement from tramp elements P. 5.2. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 d. MPT shall not be less than 100°F (38°C).MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2. a. For weld metal with the highest “X” factor.2. Div 1. Design temperature may be increased up to the lower of the following two values. h. determine the toughness shift induced by the longest PWHT. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. b. Rapid modifications of pressure and temperature. Div 2. g.2. Determine the contribution of stress concentrations (including flaws) that are expected over the life of the vessel. Determine the temperature drop induced by auto refrigeration. For guidance in determining the vessel MDMT. Sn. Determine if the mechanical properties of vessel pressure envelope will be affected by. obtain step cooling test results as described in Appendix C. 2 Page 12 of 66 .2.2. 1 and Div. 1 and Div. MPT shall not be less than 100°F (38 °C). Determine the impact exemption temperature of material. Fig. Determine the toughness shift induced by the longest PWHT for the base or weld metal with the highest “X” factor as described in Appendix B. The start up procedure shall protect the vessel from. j. 5. which will induce crack propagation as a result of non-uniform stress distribution across vessel wall.

2 ≥ 2¼ Cr. 1 and Div. Carbon Steel ≤ 1¼ Cr. 1 and Div. Equipment located outdoor? Yes Yes Carbon Steel ≤ 1¼ Cr. Div. Div. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Rev 9.Subject: Department: MDMT Determination Can material embrittlement occur? No Yes Temperature Embrittlement PROJECT SERVICES Exposure to Atomic Hydrogen Material Grade Material Grade Can autorefrigeration occur? No Figure 1 Standard 0601. MAJOR PROJECTS Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. MPT2) Is temperature ≤750°F Yes No Non H2 Service No 0601 9 Number: Revision: Corporate Technical Standard Adjust MDMT to reflect effects embrittlement due to Atomic Hydrogen MDMT=MPT Use Fig UCS 66 to establish MDMT MDMT=MPT Adjust MDMT to reflect effects embrittlement due to Temperature Embrittlement MDMT=MPT1 Use Fig UCS 66 to establish MDMT MDMT = lowest ambient metal temperature MDMT = autorefrigeration temperture Page 13 of 66 . ≥ 2¼ Cr. 2 MPT ≥ 100°F MPT2 = 100°F Determine temper embrittlement shift using step cooling test per API-934A to calculate MPT1 H2 Service No Yes Warm-up required before pressurization? MPT = Max (MPT1.

The selection of the attachments to be installed prior to erection shall be defined on case by case basis and shall be incorporated in the Construction Plan. Horizontal vessels shall be provided with one top rectangular platform with the length equal with vessel tangent to tangent and the width not smaller than 4 ft (1. Div. DESIGN LOADS The following loads shall be determined considering input from the Owner’s Engineer and/or process licensor as applicable.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. ii. insulation rings and pipe support clips. iii.2. This weight is determined for the case of the field hydrotest. Vessel Weight a. DD00-M-109-1. “Fabricated Weight” . all platforms and ladders. ladders and platforms.3. Loads Induced By Wind And Earthquake a. instruments and bolted lifting devices).2. the supports. all insulation. In establishing the “Operating Weight”. iv. 2 5. “Erection Weight” – Consists of vessel “Fabricated Weight” plus the weight of all demountable (bolted) internal and external attachments that will be installed before vessel erection (internals. The combination of the weights shall be determined for the following cases and noted on the vessel general arrangement drawing. portion of piping. b. the trays shall be considered as flooded with liquid with an approximate depth of 2” (50 mm) for valve and bubble cap trays and 24” (610 mm) to 48” (1220 mm) for chimney trays. International Building Code (IBC) Standard 0601.Consists of fabricated weight of the vessel pressure envelope. 1 and Div. The weights (dead loads) are impacting the design of the vessel pressure envelope. “Operating Weight” – Consists of vessel “Empty Weight” plus the weight of operating product up to High Liquid Level and if applicable the weight of catalyst beds. platforms shall be in accordance with drawings DD00-M-108-1.3. pipe supports. shall be externally painted with temperature indicating paint or alternative means of ensuring the equipment is not overheated as a result of internal refractory failure. external vacuum rings. 5. Wind or seismic loads as well as the design methods are presented in the governing national codes such as National Building Code (NBC). Div. 1 and Div. c. 2 Page 14 of 66 .8. the fireproofing. “Empty Weight” – Consists of vessel “Erection Weight” and fully dressed with all internals including packing beds and grid supports (if applicable). the lifting lugs as well as the foundation.2.2. v. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 All vessels provided with internal refractory for cold wall design. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. internal support clips and rings.2 m).2. The “Empty Weight” represents the weigh of the vessel ready for operation without any liquid level. “Test Weight” – Consists of fully dressed vessel (except any catalyst or packing beds) plus weight of water flooding the vessel. 5. 5. all internal and external welded attachments such as nozzles. insulation. Rev 9.3.1. all valves and instruments supported by vessel. For the purpose of estimating vessel weights. DD00-M-111-1.2. i. vessel supports. all pipe supports and the weight of the attached piping supported by vessel.

If the design of the platforms is not fully defined at the time when the Purchase Order is issued.2. For vessels designed in accordance with ASME Section VIII. These pipe loads consist of a combination between pipe gravity (including the weight of fluid and insulation) as well as forces and moments induced by thermal expansion/ contraction of the piping system or by spring type supports. As acceptable alternate provide FEA. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 and ANSI/ASCE Standard 7-98. i. Maximum tower H/D ratio shall not exceed 33. Further to this. Standard 0601. On towers with height-to-diameter ratio (H/D) exceeding 10. The pipe loads shall be considered acting simultaneously with the internal pressure/vacuum. the gravity loads and the loads induced by wind or earthquake.15 IT = OHP = Vessel diameter [ft] <5 5-9 >9 Insulation thickness [ft] Outside diameter of the insulated overhead pipe [ft] c. + 2 x IT + OHP Where ‘K’ shall be considered as follows. 1 and Div. The external attachments (platforms. the effect of external attachments shall be approximated by considering an increase of the vessel size as follows. with the following additional interpretations. jurisdictional requirements shall also be considered. ladders. Rev 9. the vortex shedding effect shall be taken in consideration.1 the value of ‘S’ shall be considered as maximum allowable stress for Div.1.5 1. c. ii. The piping loads given in Appendix E shall be used in the design of nozzles.2 1. The stress levels in the pressure envelope shall be limited to values not exceeding the requirements presented in Figure 5. The towers with H/D ratio exceeding 15 shall also be verified for buckling due to axial compression in accordance with Code Case 2286.2. Div.3. d. Div. 2 Page 15 of 66 . Effective diameter = K x Vessel O. e. This stress analysis shall be provided on all nozzles connected with piping (process connections).1 of ASME Code Section VIII. Div. Stress analysis in accordance with the method presented in WRC 107 and WRC 297 for junction between the nozzle and vessel envelope (shell and heads). Div.3. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Once actual piping loads have been established. 5. nozzle designs shall be reassessed to ensure allowable stress levels are not exceeded. Loads Induced By Piping a. b.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.D. piping and insulation) have to be considered as a part of surface exposed to wind as well as an element in establishing of shape factors. 1 and Div. K 1. b.

internal ring supports attached on shell or transitions between vessel envelope and supports.5. The analysis shall be performed in any restrained portion or gross discontinuities of the pressure envelope. FE analysis shall be provided to determine the local stress induced by the cycle. Div.5. the evaluation shall include the following requirements.11) for saddle supports. Div. 1 and Div. Div.4. If attached on shell or head. If applicable.5. Div. 2 .5. 1 and Div. 5.5. Cyclic Loads The effect of cyclic loads shall be evaluated for vessels in cyclic service. the eccentricity of these loads shall be specified. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5. 5.2. the assessment shall be per paragraph 5.5. Examples of this include junctions between nozzles and shells/heads.4. FEA or any other specialized method such as Zick’s analysis (reference 3. Div. Stress evaluation in the junction between vessel envelope and supports. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.5. a.4. 1. transitions between shells and heads. Page 16 of 66 5. 5. Method A) except that a limit of 1000 cycles maximum shall be used for all situations.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. For ASME VIII Div. The loads induced by special internal and external attachments such as chimney/accumulator trays or “stab-in” reboilers shall be considered as concentrated gravity loads present during the operation case.2. As a minimum.2. Depending of design configuration this analysis can be performed by using the method presented in WRC 107 and WRC 297 or FE analysis.2.2.2. 2 except that for vessels designed in accordance with ASME Section VIII. both vessel envelope and skirt support (where applicable) shall be designed to withstand the erection loads. Rev 9. local stress analysis shall be performed around the attachment point. Depending of design configuration this analysis can be performed by using the method presented in WRC 107 and WRC 297.3 (Fatigue Analysis Screening.7.2.4. 1 the maximum stress ‘S’ shall be limited to maximum allowable stress in accordance with Div.4. Div. The design data shall include the range of load variance as well as the number of cycles estimated to occur during vessel operating lifetime.1 of ASME Code Section VIII.1. 5.2.3. 5. All vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII.2. The stress levels in the pressure envelope shall be limited to values not exceeding the requirements presented in figure 5. b. 5. 5. Evaluate the capacity of overall vessel envelope and skirt support (where applicable) to withstand the collapse induced by bending moments during erection. As acceptable alternate provide FEA. 1 and Div. Standard 0601.2.2. 5. 2 exposed to cyclic loads shall be assessed for fatigue evaluation in accordance with paragraph 5.1. Stress analysis in accordance with the requirements presented in WRC 107 and WRC 297 for junction between the clips required for pipe supports and vessel envelope (shell and heads).2.2. Unless otherwise specified.4.5.2. 5.5.4. Loads Induced By Other Attachments The loads induced by lifting devices are impacting the design of the vessel pressure envelope and skirt supports. 1 vessels.2.2.3.2 (Screening Criteria for Fatigue Analysis) from ASME Code Section VIII.

1. platforms.0 1. c. 5. iii. Div. 1 and Div. Div. The calculated forces shall be considered as acting in vessel center of gravity (CG). b. ladders as well as parts of external piping system.2.0 1.6.2. a. The combination of primary membrane and bending stresses shall not exceed 90% of material yield strength.2. 5. heads or skirt supports during erection shall be limited as follows. The rigging impact factor shall be considered as follows.6. 5. Table 1 Amplification factors (Impact factors) Axial direction Vertical direction Radial direction Ka Kv Kr 1. All vessels supported by saddles or shipping saddles or other type of shipping supports shall be investigated for buckling. 1 and Div. and shear stresses. 2 5. Maximum local stress induced in shells.5. ii.000 lb and lower.2. Vertical force Fv shall be considered as acting in addition to the shipping weight.2.5 1. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII.5 1.1. The forces shall be determined as. The maximum local membrane stress intensity shall not exceed 66% of the material yield strength. c.2.6.000 lb.5. 5. bolted internals. Fv = Kv x W. Div. b.6.2.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Fr = Kr x W where W is the shipping weight 5.5 for all total lifting weight over 200.5 2. a.6 of ASME Code Section VIII.6. Div.6. insulation. i. Type of transportation Ocean Rail Road 5. Erection Loads The design of both lifting and tailing lugs shall consider the weight of fully dressed vessel including all welded internals. 2 exposed to progressive distortion as a result of cyclic loads (such as coker drums) shall be evaluated in accordance with paragraph 5.2.4.0 1.7. P.5 0.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. the L.0 1. Rev 9. Standard 0601.2.5 5.7. 2 Page 17 of 66 . 1 and Div. Unless otherwise specified by client or process licensor.11) or alternate FE analysis may be used for this investigation. Transportation Loads The typical accelerations factors to be considered during the vessel transportation are per Table 1 below. Fa = Ka x W. 2.7.3. local circumferential bending. Impact factor value equal with 1.8 for all total lifting weight of 200. The loads due to erection shall not be considered as self limiting. Zick analysis (reference 3. Impact factor value equal with 1.

4.2. c.2. P.8. This option can be applied only if the vessel is equipped with trays but not with packing or catalyst beds. 5. b.2.1. 2 5. Minimum thickness of corroded spherical heads shall be the greater of.8.9. 1 and Div. Div.8. 2 . the L.3. Maximum deflection of general vertical vessels shall not exceed H/100 when exposed to any combination of loads except of seismic loads. The following additional criteria shall be considered in calculating the required thickness of vessels and supports. Rev 9. For columns provided with trays the maximum deflection shall be limited to H/200.9.1.5 x plate thickness.2.2.2. which are part of pressure envelope.2. spherical. Div. All vertical vessels with a diameter of 36” (914 mm) and smaller equipped with trays.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. or dished shape. 5. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 5.8. Standard 0601.8. All heads shall be provided with an integral cylindrical transition with a length not smaller than 2” (5 mm) or 1.2. packing or catalyst beds. NOTE: Dimension ‘H’ shall be considered to be the height from the base of the support ring to the top of the vessel. Requirements For Design Of Cylindrical Shells Minimum thickness of corroded cylindrical shell and dished heads shall be the greater of. local circumferential bending. internals shall be designed in accordance with the following options. 5.7. 5. Page 18 of 66 5. shall be formed in elliptical. shall be provided with a top bolted cover.2. and shear stresses. Zick analysis may be used for this investigation.9. Unless otherwise specified. The 2:1 ellipsoidal heads are preferred. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Temporary bracing may be considered to address stresses during erection of vessels. D + 200 Kor K3/16" (5 mm) 2000 Where D = Vessel diameter (either external or internal) [in] 5. a. The girth flanges shall be designed to withstand the combination of the internal pressure/vacuum and the bending moment induced by wind. a. Requirements For Design Of Heads And Conical Transitions All heads. Additionally. The whole internals shall be designed as a removable cartridge from the top of the tower. The whole tower shall be designed in bolted subsections separated by girth flanges. D + 100 Kor K3/16" (5 mm) 1000 Where D = Vessel diameter (either external or internal) [in] 5.2. All horizontal vessels supported by saddles shall be investigated for buckling.2. earthquake and piping loads. 1 and Div.2. b.

Only on vessels that operates in General service. 5. a. Div.2. Conical elements complete with torical transition on the large end (knuckle type) shall be used on vessels if one of the following conditions occur. 5.9.9.3.10. Division 1. For situations where nozzles are required to be flush with the inside vessel surface. 1 and Div. The width of examined area shall be the larger of two plate thickness or two inches. d.4. 5.10. The following nozzle sizes shall be avoided.2. 1 and Div.9. the stress analysis shall also include an evaluation of pressure envelope buckling induced by lugs. 5. Div.2. Only on vessels where PWHT is not required. Page 19 of 66 Standard 0601. Only on vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code. Section VIII.3. this shall be noted on the vessel data sheet. Flange bolt holes shall straddle the north/south centerline in the plan and the vertical centerline in the elevation. such as for drains. Code Case 2261 shall not be used. or for process reasons. c. Operates at temperatures over 750°F (399°C) b.10. 2 .9. Thickness exceeds 2” (51 mm) 5.5.2.6. a.8.2.2.10. Nozzles provided with ASME flanges Class 400. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 2½”. 5. or ring type supports.2.2. Only on vessels without cladding on convex side of the head (head external surface).1(f).9.2. Rev 9.2. The surface of vessel envelope surrounding nozzle location shall be ultrasonically examined and found free of cracks and laminations.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.10. Nozzle size is smaller than NPS 2½”. b. “Set-on” type nozzles may be accepted with the following restrictions. The attachment weld shall be inspected by PT or MT after the root and final cover pass. 3½” and 5” b. legs. c. b. 2 5. Design to be in accordance with Figure UW13.9. a. Requirements For Design Of Nozzles.1. 5. 5.2.7.2. The attachment weld shall be full penetration. Manways And Flanges 5. d. 5. Nozzles with a size equal with NPS 1¼”. Heads shall have the same inside diameter as the adjoining shell course when cladding or applied lining is specified. Code Case 2260 shall not be used without written approval from Suncor.4. Intermediate heads required to separate two vessels may be used under the following restrictions. a. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 When applicable.

47.10. The attachment weld between the o-let and vessel surface shall be full penetration type.11.2. 1 and Div.2. Connections smaller than NPS 1½” may be provided subject to Owner’s Engineer approval only.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.5 and B16. paragraph C.1.2. Flanges for nozzles NPS 26 through NPS 60 shall be provided in accordance with ASME B16. paragraph 4. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Typically nozzles NPS 4" and smaller shall be provided as long weld neck (LWN). Design temperature between -20°F (-29°C) and 500°F (260°C). Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. cladded or protected by weld overlay. Design pressure limited by Class 150. Div.7.9.2. b. All raised face flanges shall be provided with a Standard 0601.2.10. Nipples shall be made of minimum Sch.12. Flange shall be welded inside and out with minimum two passes per each side.8. c. 5.14. Where required.10. Appendix 2 or Section VIII. Div. Where LWN is not practical these nozzles shall be fabricated of pipe Sch. threaded plugs can be fabricated from bar stock that conform to ASME B16.47. Minimum nozzle size is NPS ¾”.1. 5.8 5.10. d. integrally reinforced fittings. Flanges with sizes exceeding the scope of ASME B16. Where approved. 5. 2 Page 20 of 66 . c. XH (XS) or thicker.10. plus approximately ⅛” (3 mm). Connections NPS 1½” and larger shall be flanged. 5. Vessel is not cladded.2. these include weldolets (WOL). These fittings shall be considered only under the following restrictions. Vessels that are not internally coated.13. The welds shall be applied in a manner that will not damage the flange face. 2 5. NOTE: Slip-on flanges shall be positioned so that the distance from the face of the flange to the pipe end is equal to the nominal pipe wall thickness.2. b. 160 pipe. 1 and Div. 5. Flanges for nozzles NPS 24 and smaller shall be provided in accordance with ASME B16.2. The facing of all flanges designed for pressures up to and including equivalent of ASME Class 1500 shall be raised face (RF) type. The “slip-on” (SO) type flanges can be used under the following restrictions. 5. d.10. 5. Vessels where ASME Class 600 flanges or lower are suitable. Vessel service is General Service. The plugs shall be a mimimum of 3” (75 mm) long or ¼” (6 mm) longer than the insulation thickness.5.5.16 and supplementary requirements provided in Appendix C.10.2. a.10. the connections shall be fabricated using Class 3000 or higher. shall be designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. Div.10. Unless otherwise specified by client or process licensor.11. a.10. sockolets (SOL) or threadolets (TOL). flange dimensions shall be selected in accordance with series “A”. e. 5. Div.2. Rev 9.10.6.2. Lap joint (LJ) flanges as well as threaded flanges shall not be used on any vessel external connection that is part of pressure envelope.

On insulated vessels in hydrocarbon service with normal operating temperatures of 500°F (260°C) and higher.10. b. Gaskets shall be spiral wound type with an external ring in accordance with ASME B16. Similar criteria shall be used in the case of interferences with nozzles complete with repads with the following supplementary requirements. Pad reinforced nozzles shall not be used on vessels where at least one of the following conditions is applicable.10.18 shall be applied also to the repad. a. All nozzles and manways shall be located in such a way as to avoid the interference with the other butt welds of vessel pressure envelope. For services with hydrogen partial pressure greater than 75 psia.16. The reinforcing pads shall be provided with one ¼” NPT threaded hole (minimum of one per each segment if the repad is fabricated from multiple segments).2 µm .10. 5. 5.6. Gaskets required for ASME flanges Class 900 and higher.3 µm) arithmetical average roughness height (AARH).2.10. For vessels with flange rating exceeding Class 300.17.10. The minimum clearance between the edges of any two welds and between the attachment weld and any longitudinal seam or circumferential seam shall be at least two vessel thicknesses.19. Div.2 µm .20. 5. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 facing having a surface finish between 125 µin and 250 µin (3. Normal operating temperatures of 750°F (399°C) and higher b.2. 1 and Div.2.10.18.20. Where this requirement cannot be maintained. the Standard 0601.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. the flange face shall be between 125 µin -150 µin (3. 1 and Div.8 µm). In such a case the minimum acceptable size of a nozzle is NPS 6”. 2 Page 21 of 66 . Internally coated vessels shall be provided with flat non-asbestos (Grafoil preferred) type gaskets. 5. as well as for all flanges larger than NPS 24” shall also be provided with an inner retention ring of the same material as the windings.10. the decision of using flat nonasbestos gaskets shall be approved by Owner’s Engineer. Minimum distance between the vessel seam and the tangent to the adjacent nozzle OD shall be no less than two vessel thickness.21.3. a.18. a. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. The vessel seam shall be fully RT examined for a length of minimum 6” (150 mm) on both sides of the interference. All criteria presented in paragraph 5. The facing of all flanges designed for pressures exceeding ASME Class 1500 shall be ring joint (RTJ) type or self energized seal type. Design pressures of 1000 psig (6890 kPag) and higher NOTE: In all cases presented above the nozzles and manways shall be of the integrally self-reinforced type.10.2.2. 5.2. Div.15. Rev 9. b. 5. 5.10. the acceptable interference shall meet the following criteria.2. In the case that vessel seam will not interfere with the nozzle but only with the repad then the space between the nozzle and the vessel seam shall also meet the requirements presented in paragraph 5.2.2.

D. The minimum size of ventilation nozzles shall be selected as follows.26.2. The manway is to be used as an emergency access during the vessel maintenance. Nozzle projection through the top platforms shall be not less than 6” (150 mm) above the edge of toe plate attached on grating.10. In the case of cladded vessels. All vessels provided with side manways shall also be provided with a minimum NPS 2” ventilation nozzle located at or near the highest point. as specified.10. On horizontal vessels. Nozzle ID = 2 x (V / 110) 0. 5. 5. Vessels with a smaller diameter shall be provided with handholes or bolted heads or flat covers. the butt weld between the segments shall be full penetration and oriented in the vessel’s circumferential direction.10. 10" (250 mm) for NPS 6" to NPS 12” c. 2 Page 22 of 66 .10. 8" (200 mm) for NPS 4" and smaller b. 12” (300 mm) for NPS 14” and larger NOTE: In the case of insulated vessels the nozzle projections presented above shall be from insulation surface to the flange face. 5.2.2. where applicable.10. 5.22. the nozzle ID shall be considered at the internal surface of weld overlay.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. For example. 5. 1 and Div. 5. 1 and Div. Div.10. the top manways can also be used as ventilation. Access manways shall have a minimum 23" (585 mm) I.2. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 holes shall be fitted with a ¼” NPT nipple ending a minimum of ½” (12 mm) beyond the outside surface of the insulation cladding. All manways shall be provided with hinged covers or covers supported by davits.28.2.29. the ventilation nozzle and the access manway shall be located close to the opposite ends of the vessel. b. Manways NPS 24” and larger are required where.2.27. Installation and removal of trays and other bolted internals is required. 5. The typical nozzle external projection measured from the outside vessel surface to the flange face shall be a minimum of. Where segmented reinforcing pads are used. a. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Div.5 where V is vessel volume in ft³ Standard 0601.10. Rev 9. The required ventilation nozzle may be used for other purposes as well.25.2. All connections required for thermowells shall be flanged and having an internal diameter (ID) not smaller than 1¾” (45 mm).10.24.2. 5. The manway is to be used as air supply / ventilation. a. c.23. Access manways shall be provided on all vessels with diameter exceeding 36”.

5.38. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5. b.2. Manways shall be oriented in such a way as to ensure self-draining back into the vessel (manway centerline shall not be inclined below horizontal in this case).2. 1 and Div. Standard 0601.10.2. Horizontal vessels longer than 75 ft (23 m) shall also be provided with the second manway (egress access).2. On vertical vessels without internals.32.37. NOTE: Owner’s Engineer shall provide the fabricator of internals with the information referring the internal diameter of manways.2.10.10.10. Towers equipped with trays or packing shall be provided with manways as follows. the access manways shall be located near the base of the shell. If the depth of internal free space below any manway exceeds 36” (900 mm). The minimum size of rectangular access (minimum hole size) shall not be smaller than 18” (460 mm) x 16” (410 mm) if the access is oriented horizontally (such as trays) and not smaller than 20” (510 mm) x 20” (510 mm) if the access is oriented vertically (such as vertical baffles).10.10. one manway per each set of 10 (ten) trays g. 5. All internal separation plates (baffles) and trays shall be provided with bolted manways to permit access to all internal surfaces of the vessel envelope. 5.10. 5. Div. One at the feed zone e. Div.36.35. 5. Within continuous train of trays. On vertical vessels provided with skirt support. an appropriate number of internal ladder rungs welded on vessel internal surface shall also be provided.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. One manway located in the tower bottom section below the lowest tray or below the lowest packing bed. One above each chimney tray f. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.31. All access manways shall be provided with a grab rung (minimum 1” diameter) located above the manway and welded on vessel internal surface.2. a. Where there is not practical because the space limitation. One above the top tray or above the top packing bed c.10. An acceptable alternative is to provide additional manways in the vessel wall. 1 and Div. One at each liquid distributor d.33. Nozzle corrosion allowance shall be at least equal with vessel corrosion allowance. there shall be not any removable connections (such as flanged or threaded connections) inside of vessel skirt due to the potential fire hazard created by leaks. the manway may be provided with two grab rungs located at 45° on each side of manway (such as 10 and 2 o’clock) and welded on vessel internal surface. 5. 2 Page 23 of 66 .2. One between each packing section. 5.34. 5.2. Rev 9.30.10.2.

5. The skirt support shall be attached to the bottom head by full penetration welding.5 x W x D < 0. The surface of transition weld between the support and bottom head shall be provided with a minimum 3 to 1 transition in order to minimize the stress concentration.2.3. This shall be applicable in situations where the following condition applies. 1 and Div. and 25.000 psi for ASTM A193 B7. 2 Page 24 of 66 . 1 and Div. 5. On vessels on which the transition between skirt support and head requires UT examination.7.2.11.5. The size of anchor bolt-holes shall exceed the size of the bolts by ½” (12 mm). 0. a. W = Tower operating weight [lb] D = Tower diameter [ft] F = Maximum force induced by wind or earthquake [lb] H = Tower height including the skirt support [ft] For further guidance on pretensioning requirements for anchor bolts.11.11. Rev 9. d.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. refer to reference 3.4 5. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5.11. The design of skirt support base plate shall be provided in accordance with the following requirements. On vessels with head thickness exceeding 2” (50 mm). e.2. b. Bolt allowable stress shall be considered 18.2. The attachment between the bottom head and skirt support shall be provided as a weld build-up or as a forged ring in any of the following cases. The thickness of skirt support shall not be less than ¼” (6 mm). The calculated bolt diameter of anchor bolts shall be increased by ⅛” (3 mm) for corrosion allowance. the anchor bolts shall be pretensioned at approximately 10% of bolt allowable stress. c. b.4. Minimum space between two anchor bolts shall not be less than 6 (six) bolt diameters. Requirements For Design Of Supports And External Attachments 5. On vessels exposed to fatigue as a consequence of pressure and thermal cycles.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.000 psi for ASTM A307B. Div. Div. The lap joint technique used to attach skirt supports shall be avoided.11.5 x F x H where. The maximum size of anchor bolts shall be 2½” (64 mm).000 psi for ASTM A325. 5. Standard 0601.2. Minimum anchor bolt size shall be 1” (25 mm).2.1.2. To safeguard against fatigue in anchor bolts. 22. c. a.11.

Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Support skirts for vessels shall be provided with a hot box if at least one of the following requirements are met. Normal operating temperature varies in cycles over a range of minimum 400°F (222°C).7. minimum 36” (915 mm) clearance between the top of access opening and tangent line of bottom head. 1 and Div.2.9.2. Vessel design temperature is 700°F (371°C) and higher. 5.11.2. d.10. Nozzle OD + 2 x Insulation thickness + 1” (25 mm) gap b.2.11. 2 Page 25 of 66 .11. a. The height of skirt support shall be designed to allow.2. Minimum 6” (150 mm) clearance between the bottom of access opening and the top of the anchor bolts. shall be fabricated from the same material type (same P number) as the base material of vessel bottom head. All skirt support openings required for access.11. Minimum 12” (300 mm) clearance between the top of access opening and tangent line of bottom head. Div. The height of the hot box shall be the maximum between below. The pipe sleeve ID shall accommodate.6. nozzles and ventilation shall be provided with adequate reinforcements (sleeves) to compensate for the size of the openings. Nozzle OD + 2 x Height of guiding gussets + ¼” (6 mm) gap 5. c.2. b. Minimum 36” (915 mm) clearance below the bottom head to base plate.11. 1 and Div. c. Vessel operating temperature is higher than 600°F (316°C). 5. a. Div.11. a. b. Table 2 Height of Hot Box 6” (150 mm) 8” (200 mm) 10” (250 mm) 12” (300 mm) Vessel Internal Diameter Up to 72” (1830 mm) Over 72” (1830 mm) to 120” (3050 mm) Over 120” (3050 mm) to 168” (4270 mm) Over 168” (4270 mm) R x t and those in Table 2 where ‘R’ = vessel radius [in] and ‘t’ = head thickness [in] Standard 0601.8. Rev 9. 5. 2 5.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.11. When the skirt is fabricated from two different materials. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 The top 2 ft (600 mm) portion of skirt supports attached on vessels operating at temperatures exceeding 750°F (399°C) or lower than -20°F (-29°C). All skirt support openings required for nozzle passage shall be provided with a pipe sleeve with a length not smaller than 4” (100 mm). 5.

2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5. 5.2. The reinforcing pads shall be provided with rounded corners with a radius of minimum 1” (25 mm) or larger. 5. ladders and platforms shall be seal welded all around except at the lowest point. b. a. For vessels where the operating temperature is at or above the process fluid auto ignition temperature in air.11. wind or seismic loads. Rings fabricated by weld build up and machined to the final dimensions. Vessel supports as well as the surrounding portion of vessel pressure envelope attached to the supports shall be designed to withstand the combined effect of fully dressed vessel weight.11.2. On all vessel surfaces with normal operating temperatures of 750°F (399°C) and higher. piping loads. Leg or lug type supports may be used if all following restrictions are met. Div. 5. 1 and Div. Reinforcing pads shall not be used in the following cases.18.14. After welding. The size of skirt access openings shall not be smaller than 23" (510 mm) ID. All skirt supports shall have at least four (4) NPS 2” ventilation holes. c.11.15. External reinforcing pads designated to support clips for pipe supports. Where saddle wear plates are required to reduce the stress in the horizontal vessels envelope.11.2. 5.2. Hot box is not required per paragraph 5.12.19.11. 1 and Div. 2 Page 26 of 66 .17. This is to mitigate the risk of fire damage in the event of a process leak occurring within the skirt.11. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. the transition between the base metal of the rings and shell shall be ground smooth with a minimum radius of ¼” (6 mm). Vessel diameter is 8 ft (2. shall be seal welded all around and provided with a ¼” NPT diameter vent hole at the lowest point. On heavy wall vessels the entire ring supports (or part of them) may be integrally forged with cylindrical shells. Internal rings supporting the catalyst beds shall be fabricated in accordance with one of the following alternatives.13.2.16. located near the top of the skirt.2.11.10. c. Forged rings welded with full penetration weld to vessel base metal. Div. a. b. a. 5.11. 5. Rev 9. The fabrication method used shall be reviewed and approved by the Owner’s Engineer before award of the contract.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 5. Skirts supported by elevated beam structures or rings (that allows free air circulation beneath the skirt) do not need ventilation holes.44 m) or smaller. d. Standard 0601.2. The weld leg shall be designed to withstand the operating loads as well as the dynamic cyclic loads during the vessel transportation to erection point. equally spaced.11.2. The material used for weld build-up shall be similar to that used for the base metal of vessel pressure envelope. ventilation holes shall not be used. 5.2.11. Vessels H/D ratio is 3 or smaller.2.20.

12. 5.2. 1 b. General Cast steels shall not be used in the fabrication of pressure vessels.1. 5. Solid high alloy steels used for fabrication of the pressure boundary. Nonferrous and high alloy steels /32” (0. In addition all access openings shall be provided with bolted covers.2. Corrosion allowance shall be determined in accordance with ASME Section VIII. 1. 1 and Div. Materials used in fabrication of vessel pressure envelope shall be selected from the list presented in Appendix A.8 mm).11. a. the minimum corrosion allowances shall be as follows.3. Unless otherwise specified.12. 2 Page 27 of 66 .2.1. 5. Where fire protection is required the external surface of vessel supports shall be provided with fire proofing clips in accordance with the requirements presented in Suncor standards 0060 and 1003. Where installation of bolted covers is impractical or for the critical vertical vessels operating at temperatures in excess of 600°F (316°C) (such as reactors.2.3.2. 5. Div. Ferritic type stainless steels (such as type 400 series) shall not be used.3.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Any cladding and/or weld overlay shall be considered the equivalent of corrosion allowance. Corrosion Allowance 5. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5. 5. coker fractionators) the skirt support internal surface shall also be fireproofed.4.3. NOTE: Corrosion allowance applied on all surfaces of removable internals shall be considered half of the corrosion allowance for pressure envelope.11. 5. Standard 0601. 5. If not otherwise specified. Div. Carbon and low alloy steels ⅛” (3 mm). a. coke drums. 5.1. P6 and P7 shall be avoided in the fabrication of pressure vessel envelope.2.1. standard drawing GD00A-N-0007/0001 shall be used as reference for the skirt supports requiring fireproofing.1. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. The corrosion allowance shall be added to all pressure containing parts exposed to process as well as on all surfaces of non-removable internals.3. The use of ASME materials categories P3. paragraph UG-25.3. 5.2. vacuum towers. Materials 5.22. Internal coatings may not be used where temperatures exceed 200°F (93 °C) in normal operation (or expected upset conditions such as steam-out) without Owner’s Engineer approval.2. 1 and Div.1.12. Div.12. Rev 9. Different materials will require Owner review and special approval before award of the contract or PO.3. P5B.3. shall be selected based on the following restrictions.21. Consequently cladding and weld overlay shall not be considered as part of calculated minimum vessel thickness.1.

2¼ Cr-1 Mo-¼ V.2.7.2. temperature excursions up to 825°F (440°C) can be accepted only on vessels with MAWP not exceeding 100 psig (689 kPag) and with a wall thickness not exceeding 2” (50 mm).5.1.1. This is to ensure the maximum degree of graphitization does not exceed 10% after 30 years of continuous operation. 5. 3 Cr-1 Mo and 3 Cr-1 Mo-¼ V) shall meet the specific requirements presented in Appendix C.9. Division 1.1. The limits in Table 3 below shall be considered for selection of materials used for pressure envelope. design of carbon steel pressure vessels. In no case shall the total accumulated excursion time exceed 25.8. All carbon steel components used in fabrication of pressure envelope shall be fully killed.03%) and/or stabilized in order to avoid sensitization of weld metal and heat affected zone. For these applications.3. if design pressure is limited up to 100 psig (680 kPag) and vessel wall thickness does not exceed 2” (50 mm).1 only Div.1 and Div.6.3. °F (°C) 900 (482) 800 (427) 800 (427) 850 (454) Design Limitations Div. 5. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 b. Rev 9. Div.7. Subject to Owner’s Engineer approval. Austenitic type stainless steels (such as type 300 series) shall have low carbon content (0. Div. and only for vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII.2 Div. and only for vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII.2 only Div. Table 3 Design Temp. Div.2 For materials not listed. All low alloy ASME P4 materials (1 Cr-½ Mo and 1¼ Cr-½ Mo) shall meet the specific requirements presented in Appendix B. Subject to Owner’s Engineer approval. Standard 0601. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. The design shall also require a temperature monitoring program to ensure excursion time up to 825 °F does not result in graphitization levels that would impact vessel life. In accordance with reference in paragraph 3.3.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. the limitation shall be in accordance with ASME Section II. P4 P4 P5A P5C Operating Temp. Normal operating temperature shall be limited to not more than 750°F (399°C). shall be restricted as follows. 5. 5.1 and Div. °F (°C) 1000 (538) 850 (454) 850 (454) 900 (482) ASME P no.1. 1 and Div. 1 and Div. Maximum graphitization degree of the steel structure shall not exceed 5% after 30 years of continuous operation.3.1.1. for vessels designed to operate at pressures over 100 psig (689 kPag) and/or with a wall thickness of 2” (50 mm) and over. 5. c. maximum operating temperature can be increased to 800°F (427°C).000 hours through the vessel lifetime. the fabricator shall provide supplementary material coupons installed inside of the vessel envelope that will be used to monitor the degree of graphitization. b.3. All low alloy ASME P5A and P5C materials (2¼ Cr-1 Mo. a. 2 Page 28 of 66 .

Div. Plates ½” (12 mm) thick and thinner may be accepted as rolled (not normalized) in services other than the ones presented in paragraphs 4.3. Div. shall be fabricated of materials and use weld procedures suitable for the lowest ambient temperature. All welding procedures used for external attachment welds to the vessel shall be qualified to the vessel MDMT.3. Material toughness shall be provided in MTR or shall be confirmed by additional Charpy “V” impact tests (minimum 3 tests per heat).14. 5.60 or Gr. On all plates designed to operate in low temperature service [below -20 F (-29°C)] or made of materials with improved toughness properties.3. Plates All carbon steel plates used for fabrication of pressure envelope shall be normalized.3. The results shall be reported on the mill test certificate.12.C.3. 2 Page 29 of 66 .1.3.10.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. the grain size shall be determined in accordance with ASTM E-112.1. SA516 Gr. 5.2. 5. exposed at temperatures lower than -20°F(-29°C). 5. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Carbon Steel materials used for vessel supports and exposed to temperatures between -20°F (-29°C) and 500°F (260°C) may be fabricated from SA283 Gr.1. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. For vessels operating at temperatures below 750°F (399°C). 5.13.1.1.11. Special heat treatments required to improve mechanical properties (such quench-tempering or normalizing and tempering) shall be clearly specified in vessel data sheet. Materials required for pressure envelope of vessels subjected to PWHT shall meet the required mechanical properties after being exposed to two PWHT cycles. ° 5.8 to 4.2. Rev 9. Vessel supports. Formed ferritic plates (such as heads) made of carbon steel or low alloy steel shall be supplied with the following supplementary requirements.D.15.1.3. 1 and Div.1. Minimum absorbed energy shall be not lower than 15 ft-lb (20 J). 5. 2 5. Bolts And Nuts Bolts and nuts used as parts of pressure envelope and their temperature limitations shall be as per Table 4 below. lifting lug materials shall be based on the required single use or permanent design. External welded attachments required for vessels operating at temperatures over 750°F (400°C). 5.3.3. The grain size shall be ASTM #5 or finer. In such a case the required mechanical properties shall be clearly specified in vessel data sheet.70. a. Standard 0601.3. Presence of Widmanstatten structure is not acceptable. shall be fabricated from similar materials (same P number) as that used for the vessel pressure envelope.2. 1 and Div.2.1. 5. or Gr. 5.3.9.3.3.

5.4. Standard 0601.3.1] 800 (427) [Div. 5.4. 1 and Div.6. Page 30 of 66 5.4. Total length of fillet weld shall not exceed 16” (400 mm).2. °F (°C) 800 (427) 1000 (538) [Div. 5.4.6.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.6.6.2] 650 (343) Internal. The weld shall not intersect any other pressure retaining welds.4.5. 5.1] 800 (427) [Div.2.1. All pressure retaining welds (part of vessel pressure envelope) shall be full penetration.4.6.3. Fabrication 5.6. The buttering layer option shall be a minimum of ⅜” (9 mm) thick completed with at least two passes.1. Div. Div. Temp.4.4.3. cladding or weld overlay). The total thickness of weld deposit shall not exceed ⅜” (9 mm) and shall be provided in multiple passes.4. Small attachment welds can be provided after final PWHT under the following restrictions. Welding shall comply with Suncor Standard 0903 requirements.6. Where due to design. construction or transportation constraints some external attachments cannot be welded prior to PWHT.6.4. 1 and Div. Max. 2 Table 4 Min.4. a buttering layer of weld or fillet welded pad shall be attached on the vessel surface (in the location where the attachment will be welded) prior to the heat treatment.5. The preferred type of weld geometry shall be completed from both sides (weld with backing). 2 . The attachment weld is provided on vessel external surface. Rev 9.4 -20 (-29°C) -55 (-48) -325 (-198) -150 (-101) Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Material SA 193-B7 / SA 194-2H SA 193-B16 / SA 194-4 SA 193-B7M / SA 194-2HM SA 193-B8M / SA 194-8M SA 320-L7M / SA 194-4 5. Temp. 5.4. 5.4. The weld will not be used as pressure retaining component.2 Table 3. using registered welding procedures (WPS) supported by proper procedure qualification records (PQR). Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.3. Vessel pressure envelope is made of carbon steel. non-pressure retaining bolting shall be of the same material as the vessel internals (solid.1 UCS 66 or Div.2. 5.4. In cases of closing seams or in the cases where the access for welding is limited to one side. Vessels subjected to PWHT shall have all the internal and external non-removable attachments welded prior to the stress relieve heat treatment. 5.2] 800 (427) 1200 (649) [Div. 5. the root pass shall be welded using a WPS that will assures the required mechanical (particularly toughness) properties.4. 5. °F (°C) Div. 5.

2 5.4. 5.8.4.4. 5. On vessels operating at temperatures exceeding 800°F (427°C). 5.1 materials (2¼ Cr-1 Mo) 5. 5.15.4. all welds shall be ground smooth to eliminate sharp corners and edges. 5. 5.9. The Standard 0601.7. During the welding process. The bolt holes in the template shall be perforated simultaneously with the ones provided in the support base plate.4.8. 5.13. 1125°F (607°C) for ASME P1 materials (Carbon Steel). All machined faces.12.004% shall be determined as follows.4. 1 and Div. Rev 9. 5. INT 5. Minimum PWHT temperature of carbon steel materials (P1) containing traces of vanadium exceeding 0. 5. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.6. PWHT equipment shall have the following stencilled on two locations 180° apart in clearly visible letters. 5. “STRESS RELIEVED – DO NOT WELD”.8.004) where. 5. overlap.9. an anchor bolt template shall be fabricated and supplied for construction of foundation.6. All skirt support butt welds shall be full penetration type. The PWHT temperature shall not be lower than.3. Div.6. Vessel circumferential welds shall be located to facilitate visual inspection with all internals installed in place. shall be welded with full penetration on the pressure envelope (complete fusion) for the full length of the weld and shall be free from defects including undercut.4.4. 5. Div.11.6. A gradual transition from weld surface to the base metal is required to eliminate stress concentration points. 2 Page 31 of 66 .4.2. V% = Vanadium content [%] NOTE: Alternate PWHT procedures at lower temperatures for extended period of time shall not be used.14.4.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 1 and Div. The WPS and PQR shall be qualified to provide an as welded deposit with hardness not exceeding 200 HB. or abrupt ridges or valleys. the preheat temperature shall be maintained at 250°F (121°C) or higher.10. The same note shall also be marked on the insulation jacketing at two locations 180° apart by either stencil or weatherproof label.8.8.10.4. flange faces and threaded connections shall be protected against oxidation due to PWHT. Minimum thickness of pressure envelope measured at the location of attachment weld is ¾” (19 mm).4.4.4.0.7. All attachment welds subjected to external loads that may induce a stress in pressure envelope exceeding 30% of allowable limit.1.4.4. 1250°F (677°C) for ASME P4 materials (1 Cr-½ Mo and 1¼ Cr-½ Mo) 1275°F (691°C) for ASME P5A and P5B Gr. 5. PWHT temperature = 1100 + 3260 x (V% . For all vertical vessels provided with skirt supports and minimum 8 anchor bolts. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 The local thickness of pressure envelope shall not exceed 1¼” (32 mm).

then all adjacent surfaces shall be UT examined in order to determine the extent of the defect.5. Div. If open laminations are present. 5. 5.1 b.5. Div. shall have the bevelled edges MT or PT examined. Rev 9. 5. d.5. Page 32 of 66 Standard 0601. Vessels that will operate in General Service or. 5. Vessels that meet ALL the following requirements shall be “SPOT” examined and stamped “RT-3”.2.4.4. 1 and Div.18. After surface conditioning the area shall be MT or PT examined. 2 .16. Vessels have a maximum wall thickness of 1¼” (32 mm).5.4. will have internal surfaces protected by cladding or weld overlay. 5.2.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Inspection And Testing 5. The plate material is carbon steel P1.1.1. Except otherwise specified.2.3. if designed to operate in Sour Service. A jig set shall be used to fix the flange alignment and the distance between the instrument connections required for level gauges or for level controllers with bridles. Vessels are not subjected to cyclic service.1. 5. All arc strikes and/or temporary attachment welds present on fabricated pressure envelope shall be removed. Vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. a.17. Vessels not subjected to PWHT.3. The total extent of defect before repair is within the limits defined in ASME SA-20. 5. Div.3. Any defects found shall be repaired and re-examined.2. e. Total height of the template shall not be smaller than the height of anchor bolt chairs or the distance between top of compression ring and bottom of support base plate. 5. Supplementary specific requirements for vessels fabricated of P4 and P5 steels are provided in Appendix B and Appendix C. Vessels that meet ALL the following requirements shall be “FULL” examined in accordance with the definition provided in ASME Code Section VIII.5.5. Div.1 paragraph UG-116 (e)(2) and UW-11(a)(5) and stamped “RT-2”.5. c. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. RT examination shall be provided on the butt welds for. The diameter of the template shall be no smaller than the specified ID of the vessel minus 1/16” (2 mm). 5.5. all carbon steel plates thicker than ½” (12 mm). 5. The defect may be repaired with the following restrictions. 1 and Div. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 template shall be provided either with anchor bolts guiding sleeves or shall be double plate type.2. The internal surface on vessels provided with internals organized as removable cartridge shall be checked with a template to ensure that the assemblies can be inserted and withdrawn without interference or binding. Vessels are not subjected to sustained vibrations (other than induced by wind or earthquake). f. The base metal surface shall be properly conditioned by grinding in order to eliminate the defects and surface stress risers.

4. Div.5. b.5. Manual UT examination in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII.5.5. availability or due to limitations of equipment used for RT examination and/or for economic reasons. Div. Div.5. the RT examination may be partially or totally replaced with automated UT in accordance with ASME Code Case 2235 and standard PQA-GS-0019. Div. a. b.2.1 paragraphs UG116 (e)(1) and UW-11(a)(2) to UW-11(a)(4) and stamped “RT-1”.5. Butt welds of vessel pressure envelope that meet ANY of the following requirements. Vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. a.0. paragraph 7.5. Div. INT 5. On vessels subjected to PWHT. 5. Div. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 a. Vessels subjected to PWHT. Vessels on which for economic reasons the weld efficiency “E” needs to be considered equal to 1.1.4.2. 5. Vessels subjected to cyclic service.3. Rev 9. Appendix 6 or ASME Code Section VIII.5.3.2. Vessels subjected to sustained vibrations (other than induced by wind or earthquake). Vessels designed in accordance with all requirements presented in paragraph 5.3. 5. Div. Vessels subjected to PWHT.2.1. c.4.6 shall be applied on the following welds on materials with ferritic structure. Internal and external surfaces of pressure envelope welds on vessels that meet ANY of the following requirements. All welds between “Set-on” nozzles and vessel pressure envelope.4.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. paragraph 7.4. 1 and Div. Vessels that meet ANY of the following requirements shall be “FULL” examined in accordance with the definition provided in ASME Code Section VIII. 5. MT examination in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. Vessels subjected to sustained vibrations (other than induced by wind or earthquake).5.4.5. On closing seams and other butt welds with access restricted from one side. Appendix 12 or ASME Code Section VIII. d.4 shall be applied on the following welds.3. INT 5. All weld build-ups applied inside or outside of vessel pressure envelope. Div. 5. d. NOTE: Due to restrictions imposed by fabrication schedule. c. 1 and Div. 2 Page 33 of 66 . Standard 0601.5. All vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII.2. a. b.1.1.5. to be used as an alternate to RT examination required after PWHT. Corner welds (“D” category) of pressure envelope on vessels that meet ANY of the following requirements. Div. b.5. Vessels subjected to cyclic service. 5. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.1.

5.1. 5. MP or PT examination shall be carried out on all formed surfaces (knuckles and flares) such as formed heads and conical transitions designed to operate at temperatures below –20°F (-29°C). On all internal attachment welds subjected to light loads (stress induced in vessel envelope is lower than 20% of allowable limit) on vessels designed to operate in General service.7 can be used in lieu of MT examination in the following situations. 5.2. a. Vessels subjected to sustained vibrations (other than induced by wind or earthquake). Vessels subjected to cyclic service. Vessels subjected to PWHT. Attached on vessels subjected to cyclic service. c.5. b. The surface of internal attachment welds that meet ANY of the following requirements. Div.5. 1 and Div. b. Div. 5. Appendix 8 or Section VIII Div. PT examination in accordance with ASME Code Sec.VIII.3.5. 2 Page 34 of 66 .4.7.2.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. On all external attachment welds subjected to light loads (stress induced in vessel envelope is lower than 20% of allowable limit).6.6. Attached on vessels subjected to PWHT. paragraph 7. Standard 0601. 1 and Div. c. All cases presented in paragraphs 5.5. Attached on vessels subjected to cyclic service.5.1 to 5. INT 5. d. The surface of external attachment welds that meet ANY of the following requirements. 5.5. e. Rev 9.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. d. Subjected to high loads (stress induced in vessel envelope exceed 20% of allowable limit).1. 2 a. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 b.5.6. Div.5.2.6.5. Attachment welds between vessel pressure envelope and pipe supports 5.5.3.5. 5.5. 5. The surface of the weld between skirt support and base plate as well as between the skirt support and compression ring. a. Attached on vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. c. Attached on vessels subjected to sustained vibrations (other than induced by wind or earthquake). Attached on vessels subjected to PWHT.4 when vessel pressure envelope is fabricated from austenitic stainless steels (steels without ferromagnetic properties) or on the internal surfaces protected by austenitic stainless steel used as cladding and/or weld overlay. Attached on vessels subjected to sustained vibrations (other than induced by wind or earthquake).5.5. Div. Subjected to high loads (stress induced in vessel envelope exceed 20% of allowable limit.5. e.

10.10. the examination shall be provided after heat treatment.2. The test pressure shall be calculated based on vessel MAWP (corroded).Minimum one reading per weld. After forming process. The test temperature shall not be lower than the greater of the two following calculated values. 5.7. NDT +60°F (+24°C).VIII.5.1 or Div.5. Standard 0601. All weld overlay restoration (applied over the pressure retaining welds) Minimum 50% of weld overlay applied over internal surface of nozzles.2. 1 and Div.8. 5. 5.9.2.11. the following supplementary NDE shall be performed on all formed heads fabricated from welded segments that will operate in services at temperatures below –20°F (-29°C). All welds between the segments shall be MT or PT examined in accordance with ASME Code. Any required internal coating and/or external priming/painting shall be applied after the hydrotest.3.5.1.5.5.5.2.5.9. Unless otherwise specified by client or process licensor.1 or Div.5.5.5.5.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Div. 5. The shop hydrotest of new vessels shall be performed in accordance with the following requirements. buckling or denting of pressure envelope. or when due to the forming process the extreme fiber is elongated more than 5% and welding is performed prior to forming.11.1.5. For vertical vessels the test pressure shall also have included the equivalent static head of flooded vessel on operating position. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 5. Div. 2 Page 35 of 66 . Section VIII. where NDT is determined in accordance with ASTM E208. Minimum 10% of weld overlay applied over internal surface of shells and heads. 5.1. If heat treatment is required. 5. Div.5.11.5. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5.8. Appendix 8 or Section VIII Div. All welds between the segments shall be 100% radiographed in accordance with ASME Code.9.11. Div. Weld overlay shall be PT examined in accordance with ASME Code Sec. 5. MDMT +30°F (+17°C) b. 5. a.11.2.1. the examination shall be performed after machining. Hardness examination shall be performed on weld deposits and adjacent heat affected zones (HAZ) as follows.2. Section VIII. Where weld overlay surface will be machined.11.3.8. Rev 9. the extent of PT examination shall cover. 5. 5. 5.5. Vertical vessels shall be properly supported to prevent any plastic deformation.4.9. paragraph 7. Brinell hardness on external or internal surfaces of pressure retaining welds subjected to PWHT . Div.5.5.1. 1 and Div. For vessels clad with (or fabricated from) austenitic stainless steel the chloride content in the water used for hydrotest shall be lower than 50 ppm. 5. 5.

6. g. 1 and Div. Fabrication drawings shall include the following information. Thickness of pressure containing components (base metal and cladding thickness shall be shown separately).1. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5.6. insulation support rings.5. b. The Supplier shall furnish the following documents for each fabricated equipment. Nameplate with data included. 5. c. Support mounting dimensions and location. projection. etc f.1. location. d.5. For vessels clad with or fabricated with austenitic stainless steel.6. Empty weight.5. a. davits. Any new required internal coating and/or external priming/painting shall be applied after the hydrotest.12. pipe support clips.1. Fabricated weight. the chloride content in the water used for the hydrotest shall be lower than 50 ppm. 5. if any. 5. See paragraph 5.3 for details. Documentation and Approval Requirements 5. Detailed drawings showing the "as built" dimensions of the completed vessel. The top test pressure shall be calculated based on vessel MAWP (corroded). Rev 9.2. 5. and attachment weld sizes. If water with chloride content less than 50 ppm is not available. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. stiffening rings. where FTP is determined in accordance with ASTM E208. 5.5. h. 1 and Div.1.4. Nozzle size. 5. fireproofing supports. 5. The following vessel weights. then water containing more than 50 ppm chloride but no more than 250 ppm may be used only if the duration of the test procedure is 72 hours or less and includes rinsing the vessel with water containing less than 50 ppm chloride immediately upon completion of the hydrotest.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. facing. Copies of the Vendor's certified shop drawing showing dimensional changes.12. The field hydrotest of new or existing vessels shall be performed in accordance with the following requirements. Manufacturer's Data Report (Code form). 5.12. e. The test temperature shall not be lower than the greater of the two following calculated values.2.6. rating.12. MDMT + 50°F (MDMT + 28°C) b. diameter and thickness of reinforcement pad. Div. Div.1.3. Operating Weight. a.5.5. FTP.2. Location and details for all appurtenances such as platform clips.12. The test and rinsing procedure shall be subject to review and approval by the Owner’s Engineer.5. All applicable Codes and Standards.12. Standard 0601. 2 Page 36 of 66 . Overall vessel dimensions.

All design calculations.13 Stamping or indentation marking shall not be allowed on a vessel internal surface for clad equipment. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Hydrofluoric Acid or Cyclic service as described in paragraphs 4. 5. Material and Fabrication Requirements for Equipment in Sour. 5. Div.8 thru 4.6.6. including map of all weld seams.1.1.7. soaking.6.1.7.6.1.6.7. 5.3.1.10.3.1. Vacuum or external pressure rating of vessel.9. 5. impact test results. Any grinding performed after PWHT shall ensure metal temperatures are kept below 500°F (260°C). 5. 5. Carbon Steel plates shall have the following requirements.6. 5.4. Copy or rubbing of the nameplate.1.2. Vacuum degassed and normalized. and cooling shall be shown).8.2.2.7.2.1. 5. 2 Page 37 of 66 .1. 5.6. The designer is cautioned to ensure the appropriate requirements for each applicable service environment are addressed and that more than one service requirement may be applicable. 5. It is the sole responsibility of the fabricator to apply and obtain all necessary approvals and registration from the local Regulatory Authorities.3.5. including Code stamping.2. Records of all weld NDE. 5.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Test reports provided on weld deposits and HAZ (where applicable) Copy of the hydrostatic test pressure chart.7. Caustic.7.7. Div.7.1. Rev 9. a.3. 5. For new construction.4. and full report of all results. 1 and Div. (The cycle of heating. Connections smaller than NPS 1½” shall not be used. Material and Fabrication Requirements for Equipment in Sour Service or Hydrofluoric (HF) Acid Service Base materials shall conform with requirements of NACE MR0103 or MR0175/ISO 15156 as applicable. All internal attachment welds shall be full penetration type. hammering or cutting shall be performed after PWHT. extent of examination performed. This section provides additional requirements for vessels designed to operate in special services.7.2. 5.2. 5. 1 and Div. no welding. Amine. and ultrasonic test results shall also be included when applicable.6. including certificates for bolting materials.6. 5.6. Special Service Requirements 5. weld identification.1. 2 5.2. 5. 5. Heat treatment records. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Material test reports on all components requiring documentation by the Code.7.3.7. Standard 0601. Hydrogen. Heat treatment records shall include a copy of the temperature recording chart obtained during postweld heat treatment as well as hardness testing results.

Div. the maximum permissible Carbon Equivalent (C. acceptability Level C. C.4.003% ii.5 or B16.E. MP or PT examination shall be carried out on all formed surfaces (knuckles and flares) such as formed heads and conical transitions. Carbon steel forgings except the standard components such as flanges fabricated in accordance with ASME B16. Repair of defects requires Owner’s Engineer approval. shall be rejected.47 shall be.1 or Div.7.5. 5. P. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.8.7.7. V.2. S. Material chemistry shall be restricted as follows. Ni.43 for materials less than 1” thick and 0. Vacuum degassed and normalized or quenched and tempered. Plates shall be 100% UT examined. Section VIII.02% Chemical analysis reported on Certified Material Test Reports shall include Cb. Div. 1 and Div. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 INT i. 5. Any defect which does not meet the requirements presented in ASME Code Section VIII Div. 1 and Div.2 paragraph 3. a. After forming process. a.3. Mo.6.4.012% iii.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.) for plate materials shall be 0.1 Appendix 12 or Section VIII Div. S ≤ 0.7.E.3.3. b. 2 b.1 or Div.7. in accordance with ASME SA 578 Scanning S1. All welds between the segments shall be MT or PT examined in accordance with ASME Code. Cb ≤ 0. Deliberate additions of Boron or Titanium are not permitted. V ≤ 0.3. 5. Cr.7. Div. 5. All welds between the segments shall be 100% RT examined in accordance with ASME Code. 2 Page 38 of 66 . In the case that normalizing is provided then the mechanical properties of material shall be reconfirmed. Section VIII. Standard 0601.3.3. All cold formed heads of carbon or low alloy steels shall be stress relieved or normalized after forming. Div. the following supplementary NDE shall be performed on all formed heads fabricated from welded segments. = C + Mn/6 + (Ni + Cu)/15 + (Cr + Mo + V)/5 where all values are in weight percent. 5. For carbon steels.015% v. P ≤ 0. V + Cb ≤ 0. Ti.3. If the hot forming temperature is equal to or greater than the normalizing temperature then additional normalizing heat treatment after completion of forming will not be required. Rev 9.2. b.45 for thicknesses 1 inch and greater where.3.7.015% iv. Cu 5. 100% UT examined (after machining) in accordance with ASME SA 388 and ASME Code Section V Article 5.

11.4. table 4.7.7. For carbon and low alloy steels.5.6 on all accessible internal welds. ≤ 0.3.1. Appendix 12 or ASME Code Section VIII. 5. All internal attachment welds shall be full penetration type and designed to permit access for inspection. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 INT i.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. B7M (bolts) and ASME SA 194.5.3. Manual UT examination in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII.1. Rev 9. All nozzles shall be integrally self reinforced type. the weld detail between the nozzle and vessel envelope shall be in accordance with ASME Sec.7.2. Welds on vessels shall be examined as follows.VIII. the designer may consider the use of corrosion resistant weld overlay. 5. Div. WFMT examination is required according to ASME Code Section VIII.5. Div. Div. paragraph 7.4 shall be applied on category D (Corner welds) of pressure envelope.3.9.1 paragraphs UG-116 (e)(1) and UW-11(a)(2) to UW-11(a)(4) and stamped “RT-1”. INT b.7. 5. The attachment between the bottom head and skirt support shall be provided as a weld build-up or as a forged ring.7. figure UW-16 (f-2) and (f-4) or Sec.5. shall be welded with full penetration on the pressure envelope.7. Div.5. c. 5.12.1.4. Div. Bolting material which is part of a vessel pressure envelope shall be ASME SA 193.5.1. cladding or solid alloy construction in lieu of carbon steel construction to address corrosion and cracking risks.E. 2HM (nuts).VIII. a.5.3.2.015% ii. 5. Appendix 6 or ASME Code Section VIII.5.3.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Div. Div. 1 and Div.7.7. For severe sour services.7. S + P ≤ 0. 5.4. 5. This decision will be subject to Owner’s Engineer approval. All external attachments on vessels operating in Hydrogen Service. 5. PWHT shall be required after fabrication is complete. 5. 5. 5.10. 2 Page 39 of 66 . 5.7. 1 and Div.2. Div.5.7.1. 2 c. Gr. Material and Fabrication Requirements for Hydrogen Service Carbon steel shall not be used in fabrication of vessels exposed to Hydrogen Service (paragraph 4. For carbon and low alloy steels.7. paragraph 7.2.7.13. Provided with material chemistry restricted as follows.3.45%. Gr. On vessels in hydrogen service. C. Div.10).13 so that they can be RT examined. Material and Fabrication Requirements for Carbon Steel Equipment in Amine Service All equipment shall be PWHT after fabrication is complete to avoid Amine Stress Corrosion Cracking (ASCC). “FULL” RT of butt welds in accordance with the definition provided in ASME Code Section VIII. 5. Standard 0601.

b.2. the following supplementary NDE shall be performed on all formed heads fabricated from welded segments. 5.2.1 or Div. Rev 9.4.6. After forming process. 5. All welds shall be ground smooth to eliminate sharp corners and edges. Div.7. Reinforcing pads shall not be used.7.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.8.7. All welds between the segments shall be 100% RT examined in accordance with ASME Code. In the case that normalizing is provided then the mechanical properties of material shall be reconfirmed.7. Div.7.10.1.7.7. All cold formed heads made of low alloy steel shall be stress relieved or normalized after forming.7.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 5.7. Caustic Soda Service Chart.9. MP or PT examination shall be carried out on all formed surfaces (knuckles and flares) such as formed heads and conical transitions. 5. of NACE RP0403-2003. 1 and Div.7. 2 Page 40 of 66 . Div.7.3.1. 5. 5.7. All welds between the segments shall be MT or PT examined in accordance with ASME Code.7.5. 5. 5. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 All welds shall be ground smooth to eliminate sharp corners and edges.7. a.7. Div. 5.7.6. 2 5.5 for cyclic loads.6. The mean diameter of the heads shall match the mean diameter of the skirt support. Reinforcing pads shall not be used. 5.7. 5.5.5.7. Section VIII.7. 5. 5. A gradual transition from weld surface to the base metal is required to eliminate stress concentration points.7.1 or Div. Leg or lug type supports may not be used. 1 and Div.2.7.6. Standard 0601. A gradual transition from weld surface to the base metal is required to eliminate stress concentration points. Material and Fabrication Requirements for Caustic Service Equipment in caustic service shall be designed in accordance with requirements in Figure 1.5. The requirements for PWHT shall also be applicable to cold formed heads.5. Material and Fabrication Requirements for Cyclic Service The following requirements are in addition to those given in paragraph 5.5.7.11. If the hot forming temperature is equal to or greater than the normalizing temperature then additional normalizing heat treatment after completion of forming will not be required. Leg or lug type supports may not be used.5. Section VIII. 5. “Set-on” type nozzles shall not be used. Where conical elements are used they shall be complete with torical transitions on the large end (knuckle type).7.7. 5.7.7.

.

1. 317L) ASME P no. SA 542.(3 Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) High alloy Steels .(3 Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) High alloy Steels .F12 SA 336. SA 369.2.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .1 & 2 SA 387.F22 Cl. LARGE FORGINGS Material Carbon Steels .1 & 2 SA 832. 1 and Div.P1 Low alloy Steels .4 SA 336. P1 P4 P4 P5A P5C P5A P5C P8 ASME Standard SA 106. SA 266. P1 P4 P4 P5A P5C P5A P5C P8 ASME Standard SA 266.22V.2.(3 Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) High alloy Steels .P8 (e. 316L.P8 (e. 316L.P11 SA 335.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .4. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 APPENDIX A – TYPICAL FABRICATION MATERIALS A.(3 Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) High alloy Steels . 317L) A.(1¼ Cr – ½ Mo – Si) Low alloy Steels .12 Cl.(3 Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .F21 Cl.3. P1 P4 P4 P5A P5C P5A P5C P8 ASME Standard SA 516 Gr.F11 Cl.D Cl.1 & 3 SA 336.1 & 2 & 3 SA 336.(1¼ Cr – ½ Mo – Si) Low alloy Steels .F3V SA 336 ASME P no.(3 Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .(1 Cr – ½ Mo) Low alloy Steels . PIPES Material Carbon Steels .P1 Low alloy Steels .: 304L. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.6 SA 335.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) Low alloy Steels .(1 Cr – ½ Mo) Low alloy Steels .: 304L. Rev 9.: 304L. Div.P8 (e.4a SA 387.(1¼ Cr – ½ Mo – Si) Low alloy Steels . SA 350.g.B. 316L.(1¼ Cr – ½ Mo – Si) Low alloy Steels . 2 Page 42 of 66 .P8 (e.g.11 Cl. SMALL FORGINGS Material Carbon Steels .P22.1 & 2 SA 182. SA 333.1 & 3 SA 336.F3V SA 182 ASME P no. PLATES Material Carbon Steels .F12 Cl. 317L) A.(1 Cr – ½ Mo) Low alloy Steels .F22V SA 336. 317L) A.21 Cl.(3 Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .(3 Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .LF2 SA 182.P1 Low alloy Steels .F22V SA 182.1 & 3 SA 182.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .4a SA 240 Standard 0601.F21 SA 182.C Cl.1 & 2 SA 182.F11 Cl.F22 Cl.22 Cl.g.FP21 N/A SA 312 ASME P no.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) Low alloy Steels . P1 P4 P4 P5A P5C P5A P5C P8 ASME Standard SA 105.P12 SA 335.FP22 N/A SA 369.2 SA 387. SA 542.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) Low alloy Steels .(1 Cr – ½ Mo) Low alloy Steels .70 & 65 & 60 SA 387.1 & 2 SA 832.: 304L.21V. 1 and Div.g. 316L. Div.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) Low alloy Steels .P1 Low alloy Steels .

1 and Div. FITTINGS Material Carbon Steels .P8 (e. 1 and Div.(1¼ Cr – ½ Mo – Si) Low alloy Steels .WPL6 SA 234.1.Cl. Div. SA 369.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 A.WP12. 2 Page 43 of 66 . P1 P4 P4 P5A P5C P5A P5C P8 ASME Standard A 234.1.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .5. SA 369. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 316L.: 304L.g. Div.(3 Cr – 1 Mo) Low alloy Steels .FP11 SA 234. Rev 9.P1 Low alloy Steels .(1 Cr – ½ Mo) Low alloy Steels .FP12 SA 234.FP22 N/A N/A N/A SA 403 Standard 0601.(2¼ Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) Low alloy Steels . SA 369.Cl.WP22.(3 Cr – 1 Mo – ¼ V) High alloy Steels . SA 420.WP11.1.Cl. 317L) ASME P no.WPB.

MAJOR PROJECTS

Corporate Technical Standard
Department: Subject:

PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 and Div. 2

Number:

0601
Revision:

9

APPENDIX B – SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR VESSELS FABRICATED OF 1 CR-½ MO AND 1¼ CR-½ MO STEELS
Unless otherwise specified, all materials type 1 Cr-½ Mo and 1¼ Cr-½ Mo shall meet the following supplementary requirements; B.1. MATERIALS B.1.1. At design temperatures of 750°F (399°C) and higher, in hydrogen service; Roll bonded cladding shall be avoided due to the possibility of disbonding caused by hydrogen. Where cladding is required, explosion bonded cladding or weld overlay shall be used to protect the vessel internal surface. The materials used for fabrication of the pressure envelope shall be Quenched and Tempered (Q&T).

B.1.1.1.

B.1.1.2. B.1.2.

Chemical analysis for each material heat. As a minimum the analysis shall present the concentration (%) of the following elements; C, Si, Mn, Cr, Mo, V, Nb, Ti, Cu, Ni, P, S, Sn, Sb, As. The materials shall have the following restricted chemistry; C < 0.15% Cu < 0.20% Ni < 0.30% P < 0.007% S < 0.007% or (S+P < 0.014%)

B.1.2.1. B.1.2.2. B.1.2.3. B.1.2.4. B.1.2.5. B.1.2.6. B.1.2.7. B.1.2.8. B.1.3.

PSR = Cr + Cu + 2 x Mo + 10 x V + 7 x Nb + 5 x Ti – 2 < 0 reference [3.2.6.3] X bar = (10 x P + 5 x Sb + 4 x Sn + As) / 100 < 15 reference [3.2.6.3]

The chemistry shall be tested with a frequency of one per each melt, heat or batch.The chemistry shall be tested with a frequency of one per each melt, heat or batch.

On quench and tempered materials, tensile tests at room and design temperature shall be performed. The tested material shall have been subjected to an equivalent of 3 PWHT. The yield strength shall not be lower than the tabulated values presented in ASME Sec. II D, table “Y-1”. Charpy V impact tests shall be performed according to the methodology presented in API 934A to determine the temperature at which the absorbed energy is 40 ft-lb (T40 temperature). A minimum of 18 specimens (3 specimens at 6 different temperatures) shall be used to generate the transition temperature curve. The tested material shall have been exposed to an equivalent of 3 PWHT cycles. The T40 temperature shall be used as reference value to determine vessel MDMT. The test shall be applied on each heat and/or batch of material (plates, pipes, fitting, forgings). Hardness shall not exceed 225 BHN. Test frequency to be 3 tests per each heat or batch. 100% UT examination shall be provided on all custom forgings (after machining) and plates (heads after forming) used for pressure envelope. As a minimum, the test shall be done as follows;
Page 44 of 66

INT

B.1.4.

B.1.5. B.1.6.

Standard 0601, Rev 9, Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 and Div. 2

MAJOR PROJECTS

Corporate Technical Standard
Department: Subject:

PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 and Div. 2 B.1.6.1.

Number:

0601
Revision:

9

All forgings - Surface scan in accordance with SA 388 and ASME Sec. V, Article 5. For vessels designed to operate in Hydrogen Service, in addition to ASME acceptance criteria, any defect which cannot be encompassed within ¼” (6 mm) diameter sphere, shall be rejected. All plates - Full surface scan in accordance with SA 578 scanning S1. The acceptance level is Level C. For vessels designed to operate in Hydrogen Service, in addition to ASME acceptance criteria, any defect which cannot be encompassed within ¼” (6 mm) diameter circle, shall be rejected.

B.1.6.2.

B.1.7.

All welding consumables to be used shall have the “X” factor limited to 15. The Cu and Ni content shall be limited to 0.20% and respectively 0.30%. Minimum test frequency shall be one per each heat.

B.2. FABRICATION B.2.1. B.2.2. B.2.3. All nozzles shall be self reinforced type. The nominal chemistry of welding consumables shall match the nominal chemistry of the base materials. All welding consumables shall be low hydrogen (max. of 8 ml hydrogen per 100 g of weld metal) H8 as per AWS 4.3. The coated consumables as well as the flux shall be baked and stored in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications. The qualification of each WPS shall include Charpy V impact test provided to determine the temperature at which the absorbed energy is 40 ft-lb (T40). This temperature shall be used as reference value to determine the vessel MDMT. Minimum 18 (eighteen) specimens extracted from a weld deposit coupon shall be used to determine T40. All welds performed on pressure envelope (including the attachment welds) shall be preheated at a minimum temperature of 300°F (149°C) through all base metal thickness. The preheating shall be maintained during the welding process. For welds 3” and thicker the preheat shall be maintained without interruption until its completions when a DHT or ISR will be provided. Any attachment weld to the pressure envelope shall be full penetration type. The transition between the attachment and vessel envelope shall be ground smooth and flush to the vessel surface with a transition radius not smaller than ¼” (6 mm). External clips attached to the pressure envelope shall be; Fabricated from materials with similar chemistry as the vessel base metal and shall be attached, by a full penetration weld, directly to the vessel surface. The clips may be fabricated from different type of steel welded on top of a buttering layer applied on the vessel surface. The clip shall be welded on top of this layer with full penetration.

INT

B.2.4.

B.2.5.

B.2.6.

B.2.7.

B.2.7.1. B.2.7.2.

B.2.8.

On vessels with a wall thickness exceeding 3” (75 mm), after completion of welding an Intermediate Stress Relief (ISR) heat treatment shall be performed on all restrained welds (such as welds around the nozzles). The ISR shall be provided at minimum 1100°F (593°C) for a period of time not shorter than 2 hours.

Standard 0601, Rev 9, Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 and Div. 2

Page 45 of 66

MAJOR PROJECTS

Corporate Technical Standard
Department: Subject:

PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 and Div. 2

Number:

0601
Revision:

9

B.2.9.

On vessels with a wall thickness exceeding 3” (75 mm), all circumferential and longitudinal butt welds shall receive a Dehydrogenation Heat Treatment (DHT). The DHT shall be provided at minimum 600°F (316°C) for a period of time not shorter than 2 hours.

B.2.10. The final PWHT shall be performed at a minimum temperature of 1275°F (691°C). The PWHT temperature shall be maintained constant for a period of time equal to; Total minimum time [hours] = Shell thickness [in] x 1 hour B.3. NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) B.3.1. The following NDE sequence shall be provided during the fabrication process; The following NDE shall be performed prior to final PWHT;

B.3.1.1.

B.3.1.1.1. MT examination on all edges prepared for welding (plates and forgings). B.3.1.1.2. MT examination of formed plates required on pressure envelope (on heads after forming). B.3.1.1.3. MT examination of any temporary external attachment welds, after they have been removed and the surface ground smooth. B.3.1.1.4. RT examination of all pressure retaining butt welds. RT examination can be replaced by computerized UT examination in accordance with Code Case 2235 and standard PQA-GS-0019. B.3.1.1.5. Where applicable, RT examination on all butt welds of the Cr-Mo portion of the skirt support. B.3.1.1.6. Where internal ring supports (fabricated as weld build-up or full penetration welded on vessel surface) are provided, manual UT examination of the junction between vessel surface and internal support rings (provided from outside of pressure envelope). B.3.1.1.7. Where applicable, 10% UT examination of weld overlay bonding (provided from outside of pressure envelope). B.3.1.1.8. Where applicable, PT examination on entire surface of the first layer of weld overlay (applicable only if a second layer of weld overlay will be applied after final PWHT). B.3.1.1.9. Where 300 series stainless steel weld overlay is applied on vessel internal surface, Ferrite number readings of the weld overlay are required before final PWHT. The limitation of ferrite content shall be in accordance with Standard 0903. Readings are required on each element covered with weld overlay as well as on each weld overlay restoration applied over the circular seams. Test frequency is one reading per each weld overlay restoration and each surface covered with weld overlay. B.3.1.2. The following NDE shall be performed after final PWHT but prior to the hydrotest;

B.3.1.2.1. RT examination of all pressure retaining butt welds. RT examination can be replaced by computerized UT examination in accordance with Code Case 2235 and standard PQA-GS-0019. For vessel designed in accordance with ASME Section VIII Div.2 the

Standard 0601, Rev 9, Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 and Div. 2

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b. B.8. B. B.2.3.3. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 computerized UT examination shall follow the requirements provided in paragraph 7.3.3. As a minimum. Where applicable. Mo and V. the concentration of the following elements shall be provided in the inspection report.3.3. MT examination of the junction between the skirt and vessel envelope. The tests shall be performed on external surface. Production Charpy V impact tests on the weld metal and HAZ at the temperature determined in accordance with the requirements presented in paragraph B. as follows. B. All the other pressure retaining welds shall be manual UT examined.3.9. Standard 0601. B. Where applicable. If internal cladding and/or weld overlay is applied on vessel internal surface. manual UT examination of the weld overlay surface within 2” on both sides of support rings as well as on the machined surfaces of weld overlay (from inside).3. manual UT examination of the weld overlay deposit. Div. Rev 9. B. B.2.3. All surfaces covered with weld overlay applied on nozzles.1. manual UT examination of the junction between vessel surface and internal support rings (from outside). manual UT examination of the junction between pressure envelope and skirt support.5. Where applicable. 1 and Div.1.1.2 of the Code.1. 2 .3.3.1.3. The examined surface shall be free of any disbondment. One set of 3 specimens shall be provided for each WPS and for each batch of welding Page 47 of 66 B.3.1. Cb. 1 and Div.6. from outside.2.4.1. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.3.1.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.4.1. The test frequency shall not be less than two (2) locations per weld. B. B.2.1. B.3.2.3. Ni.3. B. MT examination of all butt welds on pressure envelope (from outside) and from inside if there is no internal cladding/weld overlay.3.2. Where applicable. Where applicable. The maximum hardness shall not exceed 225 BHN. Div.3.2. PT examination of all internal attachment welds.3. Test frequency shall be two (2) locations per weld.4. Chemical analysis tests of 300 series stainless steel weld overlay.1.2. The following NDE shall be performed after hydrotest. B. B. All weld overlay applied over the base metal seams.1. Hardness tests of the weld deposit after final PWHT. B.2.2. The maximum hardness shall not exceed the limit provided in Standard 0903.7. Hardness tests on the weld deposit of all butt welds located on the Cr-Mo portion of skirt support.1.2. MT examination of all external attachment welds.2. PT examination of all finished weld overlay surfaces. a.1.1.3.3.5. The acceptable limits shall be in accordance with the requirements provided in Standard 0903. Cr. Where applicable. C.4.1.

Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 1 and Div.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Div. Standard 0601. 1 and Div. The absorbed energy shall not be lower than 40 ft-lb. The specimens shall be heat treated to an equivalent of 3 PWHT cycles. Rev 9. Div. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 consumables. 2 Page 48 of 66 . Run-off tabs shall be used wherever possible.

in hydrogen service. Div.1.1.2. 3 CR-1 MO AND 3 CR-1 MO-¼ V STEELS The requirements presented in this appendix are supplementing the requirements for design and fabrication of vessels designated to operate in Hydrogen Service at high pressure and high temperature (reference 3.1.13. Div.1.5. INT C.1.1. C.4. 1 and Div. roll bonded cladding shall be avoided due to the possibility of disbonding caused by hydrogen. Dissimilar welding techniques between parts of the pressure envelope shall be avoided.2. all custom made flanges that will be bolted on piping system shall be designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. 2 Page 49 of 66 . Minimum radius shall not be less than ½” (12 mm). 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 APPENDIX C – SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR VESSELS FABRICATED OF 2¼ CR-1 MO.2.7. shall be fabricated in accordance with one of the following alternatives. Internal rings designated to support catalyst beds or any other trays. C.1. the end of the shell may be fully machined to accommodate the transition required to bottom head and skirt support. All nozzles shall be forged self-reinforced type designed for butt-welding in accordance with ASME Sec. C. The minimum height of the forged portion of these rings shall be ½” (12 mm). C. Flange geometry shall allow the possibility of using hydraulic bolting tensioners.2. C. DESIGN C. detail 7.2. C.1.1.1.1. Rev 9. The shell components shall be fabricated as follows. fully machined.2 table 4.4. 2¼ CR-1 MO-¼ V. C.6. C.2.1. Within the limitations imposed by shell thickness.4. C.2.1 (details f1 to f4) or in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. Rolled plates for wall thickness 6” (150 mm) or smaller.16 and using the allowable stresses defined for ASME Section VIII.1.2. C. Standard 0601. For vessels designed in accordance with ASME Code Section VIII. UW 16. C.1. Partially forged with the vessel shell with the remainder of the ring fabricated from weld build-up.VIII. Div. Div. All corners and transitions of the weld build-up shall be rounded in order to reduce stress concentrations.1.4.2 paragraph 4.1. C.6.4).1 fig. Machined weld build-up.2.3. Integrally forged with the vessel body. Integral forged ring (“Y” ring). C.1.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.1.1.1. Div.8. Div.3. All pressure boundary components shall have the same nominal material chemistry. At design temperatures of 750°F(399°C) and higher. explosion bonded cladding or weld overlay shall be used to protect the vessel internal surface.VIII. For thicknesses exceeding 2” (50 mm). the formed or forged heads shall be hemispherical type.1. Div. the junction between the bottom head and the skirt support shall be designed as follows.1. in accordance with ASME Sec.6. Div. 1 and Div. 2 table 4.6. Integrally forged cylinders for wall thickness exceeding 6” (150 mm).1.2.5.1. Where cladding is required. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. INT C. On vertical vessels.

2.5.5. can be attached by full penetration welding directly on the vessel internal surface before the final PWHT or.6. 0.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2.014% For material with thickness 4” (100 mm) and greater. 0.1. For material less than 4“ (100 mm) thick.1.5. heads and large nozzles as well as for transition between bottom head and skirt support shall be Quenched and Tempered (Q&T).2.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2.2. C.25% C. The materials used for fabrication of shells. 0. Insulation supports shall be strapped around the vessel surface.1. C.2. 0.000 < 100 C.5.1.2. C. The materials used for pressure envelope components shall meet the following requirements.5.2. C. S = max. on the weld overlay surface after the final PWHT.5. Div.1.2.10.2. See the additional requirements presented in paragraph 3.2.1.2. 1 and Div.5.5.5. Si = max 0. P = max.014% Page 50 of 66 Standard 0601. C.2. Rev 9.005% C.1. Mn = max 0.20% C. 1 and Div.2. All internal welded attachments subjected to negligible mechanical loads (maximum 10 ksi stress in the welds). 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 C.11. On the vertical vessels provided with skirt support.3.007% C.2.2.5.1.6.2. Unless otherwise specified.3.1. The manway gasket shall also be provided with 321 type stainless steel inner retention ring. Where required.2.5% C. where applicable. The weld shall have a smooth transition to the vessel surface with a radius of minimum ¼“ (6 mm). Ni = max 0. all gaskets shall be spiral wound type 321 stainless steel windings and graphite filler.35% C.007% C. C = max 0.1. INT C.4. S = max.3. or S + P < = 0.5.3. Div.13% C.1.2. MATERIALS INT C. Cu = max 0. The chemistry of pressure envelope base metal shall be restricted as follows. The insulation supports shall not be welded directly to the vessel surface. 2 .9.3. All gaskets shall be provided with external rings.2. C.2.2.5. the weld overlay can be completed in one layer welding technique (such as 309 LNb or 309 LMo stainless steel) or multi-layer welding technique using a combination of type 309L as a first layer and type 309 LNb or 309 LMo stainless steels as second layer.1. 0.5. INT C. the space between the external surface of the bottom head and the top of skirt internal surface shall be provided with a minimum 10” (250 mm) deep hot box. External welded attachments on the pressure envelope shall be reduced to minimum. C. C.010% or S + P = max. P = max.5.2. C.2.4.1.11.5.1. “J” factor = (Si + Mn) x (P + Sn) x 10.2.

2. C. Mo.5. Set 2 – Exposed to an equivalent of maximum PWHT cycle plus the step cooling heat treatment. S. C.5. The test specimens shall also satisfy the requirements presented in ASME Code Section VIII. Yield strength and Toughness) on heat-treated (Q&T) materials exposed to simulated minimum (one cycle) and maximum (3 cycles) PWHT. Ni. ΔCV (TT 40) = Shift of Temperature (temperature difference) corresponding to 40 ft-lb (55J) energy obtained on specimens exposed to maximum PWHT cycle and step cooling heat treatment.5.2.5. Sn. Fabricator shall provide records of austenitizing and tempering temperatures as well as photographic records including metallography for each material heat or batch.2. 1 and Div. Cu.2. 1 and Div. C.4. the specimens shall be Charpy V-notch impact tested at a minimum six (6) different temperatures (3 specimens at each temperature) in accordance with paragraph 6. Table U. For base metals.2 paragraph 3. P.4. For weld deposit. V.2.7. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2.Exposed to an equivalent of minimum PWHT cycle to determine the transition temperature curve before step cooling heat treatment.5.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. Fabricator shall perform Step Cooling Tests using the step temperatures. Cr. Table Y-1. 2 C.1 of API 934A in order to develop two (2) transition curves. The tests shall be performed at room temperature.8. Fabricator shall provide test data indicating the mechanical properties (Tensile strength. Sb. C.5. The Tensile strength values shall not be lower than 90% of the tabulated values presented in ASME Code Section II D. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Records of chemical analysis for each material heat or batch shall present the concentration (%) of the following elements.3. Div. The photographic records shall be provided on specimens located at half thickness. The specimens shall be subjected to the following heat treatments. Div.8. As. 2 Page 51 of 66 . C.3. Set 1 . Materials shall be selected such that their mechanical properties are acceptable as specified on the equipment data sheet after the equivalent of three (3) full PWHT cycles and the required ISR. Si. If not otherwise specified the acceptance criteria for the 40 ft-lb (55J) absorbed energy shall be in accordance with the following formulas.2. CV (TT 40) + 3 × ΔCV (TT 40) ≤ 32° F CV (TT 40) + 3 × ΔCV (TT 40) ≤ 50° F where: CV (TT 40) = Temperature corresponding to 40 ft-lb (55J) energy obtained on specimens exposed to minimum PWHT cycle.2. Cooling from the austenitizing temperature shall result in a minimum 90% bainite.2. Standard 0601. C. In all cases the Yield strength values shall not be lower than the tabulated values presented in ASME Code Section II D. applied on two (2) sets of specimens with minimum eighteen (18) specimens per set. Div.5. C.2. holding times and cooling rates in accordance with API 934A paragraph 5.5. Div.8.3.8.2. Rev 9. Mn.11. INT C.6.2.8.3 or ASME Code Section VIII.1.5. INT C. After heat treatment.1 paragraph UG84.5. They have to be extracted form half thickness of material.5.

shall be rejected. the Bruscato “X” factor shall not exceed 15 ppm. the number of step cooling tests required on materials shall be established as follows. The acceptance level is Level C. All surfaces of forgings as well as the formed plates shall be MT examined in accordance with API 934A paragraph 8. Coated welding consumables as well as the flux shall be baked and stored per manufacturers recommended practice. Standard 0601. in addition to ASME acceptance criteria. 2 Page 52 of 66 . C.9.5. electrodes and other welding consumables which may absorb humidity from ambient.3.2. Rev 9.2.Full surface scan in accordance with SA 578 scanning S1.1. C.5. Welding consumables – The test shall be applied on weld deposits made of each batch or lot. For welding consumables.12.1.11.9.2. Any external or internal projection of the weld deposit shall be limited to maximum ⅛” (3 mm).5. shall be rejected.Surface scan in accordance with SA 388 and ASME Sec.2. C. C. All bevels shall also be examined.2.3. any defect which cannot be encompassed within ¼” (6 mm) diameter circle. C.5. Plates – The test shall be applied on the heat with the highest “J” factor.7. Material hardness (3 tests per each material heat) shall not exceed 225 BH for conventional Cr.2. All forgings .9.2.2. 1 and Div.11.6. C.5.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.5. In situations where flux has been changed for a given batch.2. Div. 2 C.2. 100% UT examination shall be provided on all custom forgings (after machining) and plates (heads after forming) used for pressure envelope. Any butt weld shall be ground smooth to the vessel surface.2. All welds required on pressure envelope shall be full penetration type.2. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 As a minimum. Fabricator shall provide for review and approval of the standard procedure used to handle the flux.11.2. All welding consumables including fluxes shall be low hydrogen (max. the test shall be done as follows. For vessels designed to operate in Hydrogen Service.9. C. For vessels designed to operate in Hydrogen Service.2.3. V. Custom made forgings used for shells and nozzles . Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.9.2. each batch and flux combination shall require testing.2. C.10.1. any defect which cannot be encompassed within ¼” (6 mm) diameter sphere. Article 5. All plates .The test shall be applied on each material heat. C.5.2. As a minimum. in addition to ASME acceptance criteria.8.Mo steels and 235 BH for Cr-Mo-V steels. of 8 ml hydrogen per 100 g of weld metal) H8 per AWS A4.3. Div. C.5. FABRICATION C. C. The nominal chemistry of all welding consumables shall match the nominal chemistry of the base materials.5. 1 and Div. C. C.

3 may replace the ISR. C. Welds having thicker weldmetal deposition per pass are not acceptable due to their low toughness.3. The Step Cooling Test required for WPS qualification.2. The ESW process may be utilized with Owner’s Engineer approval with the following restrictions. External clips attached to the pressure envelope shall be.3. The clip shall be welded on top of this layer with full penetration. by a full penetration weld.3.3. INT Standard 0601. Any attachment weld to the pressure envelope shall be full penetration type. 1 and Div.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. C. C. C.4.8. C.10. 1 and Div.3.3. Transition between the attachment and vessel envelope shall be ground smooth and flush to the vessel surface with a transition radius not smaller than ¼“ (6 mm).2. Maximum permissible strip width is 5“ (125 mm). FCAW may be used only for weld overlay application.3. C. Fabricated from materials with similar chemistry as the vessel base metal and shall be attached.3.3. C.3. Div. each welding procedure specification (WPS) used on the pressure envelope shall be qualified in accordance with API 934A.3. C. The FCAW welding process shall not be used for any weld required for the vessel pressure envelope or for the low alloy portion of skirt support.7.6. C. INT C. All restrained welds and any unrestrained weld with a thickness 7” (178 mm) and greater shall be subjected to ISR heat treatment in accordance with the requirements presented in API 934A paragraph 7. All welds performed on the pressure envelope (including the attachment welds) shall be preheated in accordance with the requirements presented in API 934A paragraph 7.2.3. the thickness of weldmetal deposited per pass shall typically be ¼” (6 mm). C.2. directly to the vessel surface. The ISR temperature shall not be lower than 1250°F (677°C) and shall be maintained for minimum 2 hours for weld thicknesses up to 7” (178 mm) and minimum 4 hours for weld thicker than 7” (178 mm).2. As a minimum.3. type and source of fabrication) to that used for the PQR associated with the qualified and approved WPS.3. When welding the basemetal of pressure envelope.12. the application of DHT in accordance with API 934A paragraph 7.12. C. All joints between the nozzles and vessel body shall be fabricated with the bevels designed for butt-welding.5.3. Rev 9.3. The preheat temperature shall be maintained without interruption until the weld is finished and an Intermediate Stress Relief (ISR) or Dehydrogenation Heat Treatment (DHT) is performed. shall be developed in accordance with the requirements presented in API 934A paragraph 6. No equivalent substitute shall be allowed.3. paragraph 7.3. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.1. All consumables used throughout all the fabrication process shall be similar (same brand name. C.2.3.11.3.2.1. Div.9. For unrestrained welds with thickness less than 7” (178 mm).1. The clips may be fabricated from different type of steel welded on top of a buttering layer applied on the vessel surface. The minimum DHT temperature shall not be lower than 690°F (366°C) and shall be maintained for minimum 4 hours. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 C.3. 2 Page 53 of 66 .

The test coupon shall be 100% UT examined 10 days after cool down and shall have zero percent disbondment.5. Div. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 C. the disbonding test procedure shall meet the requirements presented in API 934A. 1 and Div. Rev 9.4. paragraphs 7.4. Any crack type defects shall be rejected.4.13.1. 2 Page 54 of 66 .3. C. provided in accordance with the requirements presented in the previous paragraph shall be applied after the final PWHT. previously qualified disbonding test results can be submitted for review and approval by Owner’s Engineer where representative of the proposed WPS and operating conditions. C. C. The minimum thickness of the last pass weld overlay shall be 3/16” (5 mm). MT examination on all external attachment welds. NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION C.4.3.2. All nozzle internal surfaces. As a minimum.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. C. As an alternative. C. C. the seal face of the flange shall be machined.4. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.14. Maximum acceptable size of defect shall not exceed ¼“ (6 mm). C.5.1. Test shall be performed in accordance with SA 578 Scanning S1.5.4.13. Multiple pass weld overlay (first layer of type 309L followed by a minimum one layer of 309LCb or 309LMo) is required on the following surfaces.3.1.13.3.1.13. C.3.5.3. MT examination of the welds between the vessel envelope and supports. UT examination of the heads after forming and prior to weld overlay application. The flux used for production welding shall be identical to that used for procedural qualification. Minimum thickness of last finished layer of weld overlay shall be ⅛” (3 mm). MT examination of any temporary attachment welds.3.6. Div.3.3 and 7.13.4.3.1.1. All WPS to be used for weld overlay application shall be supported by PQR’s containing disbonding test results and acceptance criteria. The following NDE shall be performed prior to final PWHT.2. C.1. C. After weld overlay application.1.3. Each flange face.13. MT examination on all edges prepared for welding. 1 and Div. All surfaces of each support ring including the transition zone between the ring and the shell surface.2. C. The overlay restoration applied over the butt welds around each nozzle.2.12. When weld overlay is applied by manual or semi-automatic welding process.5.3. C. the upper surface of each ring support shall be machined. MT examination on all butt welds on the skirt support as well as on the weld between skirt and base ring. Standard 0601. C. The minimum thickness of last layer of weld overlay shall be ⅛” (3 mm).4.1.15. C. C.2. after they have been removed and the surface ground smooth. The entire weld overlay shall be applied before the final PWHT with the exception that the second pass of weld overlay.4. After weld overlay application.4. Where applicable.

4. or manual UT examination on all circumferential butt welds around the nozzles or other restrained butt welds not specified above (after ISR).3.1. C. Div.8. Determination of ferrite number (FN) on weld overlay surface.7.4. Rev 9. All shells and heads. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2.2. C. C.4. UT examinations in accordance with Code Case 2235 to the maximum possible extent of all butt welds. PMI examination.1. RT examination. C. Standard 0601.4. The fabricator shall prove that computerized UT examination will be able to detect defects not larger than 1/16” oriented in any direction across the weld and HAZ. C.4. All nozzles. C.4. C. Div.2.2.9.4.2.8.1.1.4. The examination is required only where the second layer of weld overlay will be applied after final PWHT. C. The following NDE shall be performed after final PWHT but prior to the hydrotest. Manual UT examination (from outside of the vessel envelope) of the weld overlay applied on the following surfaces.5.4. Manual UT examination of the junction between the bottom head and the skirt support. C. C.2. C. The fabricator shall prove that computerized UT examination will be able 1 to detect defects not larger than /16” (1. Manual UT examination of the weld build-up applied on internal rings after finishing (machining) of weld overlay surface (from machined weld overlay surface).4.2.6. 2 Page 55 of 66 . The maximum density of acceptable defects shall not exceed the ratio of one defect per 10 ft² ( 1 m²).4. maximum acceptable defect size of any disbondment shall not exceed ¼“ (6 mm) diameter.4.4.11.9.2.10.2. PT examination on first layer of weld overlay. The location of all defects shall be mapped and presented to the Client for review and approval.1. or UT examination in accordance with Code Case 2235 and standard PQA-GS-0019 of all circumferential and longitudinal butt welds between cylindrical shells and heads (after ISR or DHT).2. C.4. PT examination of all finished weld overlay surfaces.4. C.2.1. No defects are acceptable within the weld overlay applied on nozzle surfaces. 2 C. Manual UT examination of the weld overlay surface within 2” (50 mm) on both sides of support rings as well as on the machined surfaces of weld overlay (from inside). C.6 mm) oriented in any direction across the weld and HAZ. 1 and Div. C.4.12. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 RT examination.1. on weld overlay restoration over the pressure welds as well as on the weld overlay applied on the ring supports. Manual UT examination of all junctions between the shell and internal ring supports (from outside of the vessel envelope).7.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.4. 1 and Div. Manual UT examination of all remaining butt welds. NOTE: Unless otherwise specified by client or process licensor.

C. Div.5. 1 and Div. C. Manual UT examination of all locations where defects were detected prior to the hydrotest. Cb. Hardness tests on the weld deposit of all butt welds located on the low alloy portion of skirt support. C.7.2.1. This request is in addition to the qualification of the WPS/PQR.3.2. Appendix 8 or Section VIII Div.4.3.4.4.VIII. Readings are required on each element covered with weld overlay as well as on each weld overlay restoration applied over the circular seams one reading per seam. concave root.3.3. lack of fusion.3 with the supplementary restriction that maximum acceptable defect size shall be limited to ¼“ (6 mm) regardless of thickness. Test frequency shall be in accordance with API 934A.2.10. Defect acceptance criteria for MT technique shall be in accordance with ASME Code Sec. The test frequency shall be as follows.6. paragraphs 7.VIII.4.1” measured from process surface. 2 Page 56 of 66 .5. The hardness (minimum one test per weld) shall not exceed 225 BH for conventional Cr. No cracks.2. paragraph 7. As a minimum. The acceptable range shall be restricted between 4 and 10. paragraph 7. the test frequency shall be of two (2) samples per each independent surface covered with weld overlay.5.1. or sharp corners and transitions. Ferrite number readings of the weld overlay shall be performed before final PWHT. Div. Cr. The concentration of the following elements shall be determined. C. C. lack of fusion.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.4. C.9. Div.5. C. Standard 0601. Div.5 with the supplementary restriction that maximum acceptable defect size shall be limited to ¼“ (6 mm) regardless of thickness.4.11.1. Appendix 4 or Section VIII Div.6. Div.4.4. C. undercuts.VIII.4. C.4. Chemical analysis tests of type 347 or type 316L weld overlay deposit shall be within the standard limits for a depth of minimum 0. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 C. paragraph 7. Defect acceptance criteria for PT technique shall be in accordance with ASME Code Sec. C. The junctions between the vessel body and all internal support rings as well as between the bottom head and the skirt support shall be free of cracks.4.5.4. Ni. The hardness (minimum one test per weld) shall not exceed 225 BH for conventional CrMo steels and 235 BH for Cr-Mo-V steels.5. Appendix 12 or Section VIII Div. Spot PT examination of the weld overlay. Chemical examination of the weld overlay.4. 1 and Div.7.1 Appendix 6 or Section VIII Div.4. Hardness tests of the welds of vessel pressure envelope. Rev 9.Mo steels and 235 BH for Cr-Mo-V steels. C. Defect acceptance criteria for UT technique shall be in accordance with ASME Code Sec. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.4. Mo and V.2 but not less than two (2) locations per weld. Defect acceptance criteria for RT technique shall be in accordance with ASME Code SEC. undercuts.2.4.3. paragraph 7. The test frequency shall not be less than two (2) locations per weld.2. The following NDE shall be performed after vessel hydrotest.VIII. incomplete penetration. Div.2. incomplete penetration.4 and 7. C.1.3.8. or sharp corners and transitions will be accepted. C. PT examination of all internal attachment welds.

If furnace is used.5 on each side of the weld where “R” is the vessel external radius in inches (mm) and “t” is the wall thickness in inches (mm).9.5.4. heads and ring supports. The fabricator shall sequence the weld overlay application considering both the ISR and PWHT cycles. C.5 adjacent to the furnace shall be maintained at a temperature not lower than 400°F (204°C).5. C. 2 C. 1 and Div. Standard 0601.3.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT C. If local PWHT will be required.5. Div. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. 1 and Div. Rev 9.9. Div. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 Minimum six (6) ferrite readings on the surface surrounding each location selected on the shell.1. During the local PWHT cycle. the chemistry of the flue gas shall be controlled so that the concentration of excess oxygen will be kept to a minimum.2.5.5. Minimum two (2) ferrite readings on the surface surrounding each location selected on weld overlay restoration applied over strength welds and nozzles.4. C. C. any portion of the wall within a length of (R x t)0. the weld overlay shall receive minimum exposure to the PWHT.4. 2 Page 57 of 66 .2. C.1. the length of heated zone shall not be shorter than (R x t)0. Due to the possibility of overlay embrittlement and cracking induced by the formation of sigma phase during PWHT cycle.

4.VIII.V.1. On vessels operating at temperatures over 750°F (399°C). D. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 APPENDIX D – SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR HEAVY WALL VESSELS D. Div. shall not be lower than the tabulated values presented in ASME Section IID table Y-1.1. Heavy wall vessels represent all vessels with a wall thickness exceeding 2” (50 mm) regardless of the type of material used for pressure envelope. the weld detail between nozzle and vessel envelope shall be in accordance with ASME Sec.2.5. The yield strength (Sy) of the materials. All internal attachments shall be welded with full penetration. All nozzles shall be integrally self reinforced type. D.3.2.2. 1 and Div.4.3. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. table 4. D.VIII.2. All MTR’s for plates and forgings shall have a photomicrograph. 1 and Div.3. D. If not otherwise specified. The largest defect shall not exceed the limits provided in acceptance Level B. figure UW-16 (f-2) and (f-4) or Sec. All external attachments on vessels operating at temperatures over 750°F (399°C) shall be welded with full penetration on the pressure envelope. D. All materials shall be Charpy “V” impact tested at MDMT temperature.2.4. D. circle or does not meet ASME Code acceptance criteria. The MTR’s shall document the ferrite structure and grain size. all forgings required for nozzles shall be supplied in the Normalized and Tempered (N&T) or Quench and Tempered (Q&T) condition. Presence of Widmanstatten structures or ferrite grain size coarser than #5 shall not be accepted. D. D. GENERAL D.4.13 so that they can be RT examined. Div. D. D. Rev 9.1. D.2. Any defect. in accordance with ASTM E112. The actual tensile strength value shall be provided for information only.3. NOZZLES D. FABRICATION D.2.2.2.3. Standard 0601.1.1. All custom made forgings shall be UT examined in accordance with SA 388 and ASME Sec. Div. Except where internal nozzle projection is specified.6. 2 Page 58 of 66 . which cannot be encompassed within ½” (12 mm) dia. shall be rejected. as well as on vessels with pressure envelope of 3” (75 mm) and thicker. MATERIALS D.3. D.3.3. paragraph 5. Materials for vessels designed to operate in General Service shall be scanned in accordance with SA 578. Div.2.1. D. All butt welded joints on pressure envelope shall be welded with full penetration from both sides.2. All plates shall be UT examined in accordance with SA 578 and the following requirements. all nozzles shall be ground smooth and flush with the internal vessel surface.1.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.1. The heat treatment shall be selected as such to ensure the uniformity of steel microstructure across thickness.4.4.1.2.2.

All edges prepared for welding shall be MT examined. D. The examination procedure shall be reviewed and approved by Owner’s representative prior to being used.5. All attachment welds (both internal and external) shall be MT examined after final PWHT. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. D. Rev 9.1.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.5. the MT examination shall be replaced by PT examination. All butt-welded joints on the pressure envelope shall be RT examined after final PWHT.4.2. Div. All attachment welds on vessels operating over 750°F (399°C) shall be flush smooth to the vessel surface with a radius of ¼” (6 mm) or larger. D.5.5.4. 1 and Div.3. 1 and Div. D. All category “D” welds on the pressure envelope shall be UT examined after final PWHT. Standard 0601. If vessel internal surface in covered with cladding or with weld overlay. 2 Page 59 of 66 . Div.4. D. NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE) D.5. RT examination may be replaced by computerized UT in accordance with ASME Code Case 2355 and standard PQA-GS-0019.5.5. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 D.

9 x D² Circumferential Bending Moment MC =b x 73.6 x D Longitudinal Bending Moment ML = b x 95.1.7 0. Div.2.1. the following formulas shall be used to determine forces and moments to be ued for nozzle design.8 x D² Resultant Bending Moment MR = (ML2 + ML2)1/2 = b x 121 x D2 • Nozzles located on heads: Radial Force Resultant Bending Moment E.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2.0 2500 3.6 x D MR = b x 121 x D2 • Nozzles located on cylindrical shells: Radial Force FR = b x 2000 x D Longitudinal Bending Moment ML = b x 130 x D² Circumferential Bending Moment MC=b x 100 x D² Resultant Bending Moment MR = (ML2 + MC2)1/2 = b x 164 x D2 • Nozzles located on heads: Radial Force Resultant Bending Moment Where: D = Nozzle nominal diameter (in. For sizes NPS 1½ thru NPS 24. for imperial and metric formulas) FR = Radial Force ML = Longitudinal bending moment MR = Circumferential bending moment b = factor based on flange class rating per Table 5 below. Flange Class Rating ‘b’ factor 150 0. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.8 900 1. refer to Table 6 below to establish nozzle load requirements.1.2. Imperial units: (lb) (ft-lb) (ft-lb) (ft-lb) (lb) (ft-lb) E. Rev 9.1. Nozzles NPS 30 and larger. E.2. Metric units: FR = b x 449. GENERAL E. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 APPENDIX E – NOZZLE LOADS FOR VESSELS FABRICATED FROM STEEL E. • Nozzles located on cylindrical shells: Radial Force FR = b x 449. Div. 1 and Div.6 Table 5 300 600 0.1. 1 and Div. 2 Page 60 of 66 .3 FR = b x 2000 x D MR = b x 164 x D2 (N) (N-m) (N-m) (N-m) (N) (N-m) Standard 0601.1.8 1500 3.1.

1. 1 and Div. Div.668 1.493 4.215 1. Figure 2 FR MC ML Table 6 Nozzle NPS Class 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 FR (lb) 375 445 505 570 630 695 605 710 810 910 1010 1110 810 945 1.405 6.246 2.938 3. Rev 9.158 3. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.606 MC and ML (N-m) 140 170 170 170 200 200 250 250 330 330 370 370 580 580 750 980 1. 2 E.1. The pipe loads are considered acting at the junction between nozzle and vessel envelope per the orientations shown in Figure 2 below.4.080 1.350 1.603 4.3. Number: 0601 Revision: 9 The loadings computed from these equations shall be considered as being caused by 67% thermal and 33% dead weight load.160 Page 61 of 66 1½” 2” 3” Standard 0601.2. 2 .MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.485 MC and ML (lb-ft) 103 125 125 125 148 148 184 184 243 243 273 273 428 428 553 723 856 856 FR (N) 1.2.603 4.691 3. Div. E.092 2.802 3.160 1.048 4.204 4.005 6.804 5.535 2.979 2. 1 and Div.

868 7.710 6.194 25.160 14. 2 Page 62 of 66 .012 16.110 9.150 30.460 35.050 16. 1 and Div.380 5.605 6.708 9.300 2.980 1.170 14.600 4.050 41.407 9.880 3. 2 Table 6 Nozzle NPS Class 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 FR (lb) 1.450 13.000 32.747 5.450 1.940 37.106 3.608 11.020 14.206 8.104 25.080 6.537 3.160 2.860 5. Div.008 5.620 43.949 19.200 25.090 1.900 35. 1 and Div.756 MC and ML (lb-ft) 804 804 1.777 10.800 1.696 1.080 1.992 26.060 3.900 13.756 9.860 12.600 10.520 2.363 11.240 3.809 12.412 16.700 3.594 21.007 8.015 2.814 19.968 4.070 1.474 FR (N) 4.300 2.760 18.470 39.432 16.880 3.669 9.696 2.620 1.463 18.124 2.054 3.210 22.604 10. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.155 6.163 28.930 27.260 1.460 3.140 5.412 16.780 4.240 3.440 1.825 6.807 7.150 3.212 4.139 9.811 14.190 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” MC and ML (N-m) 1.890 2.080 45.580 58.149 13. Div.940 Standard 0601.600 4.408 6.630 16.045 5.700 2.406 13.010 14.100 28.620 7.892 10.210 12.817 15.970 2.405 5.298 1.315 5.620 1.014 17.310 21.563 20.840 61.814 19.020 11.320 25.405 7.211 9.804 5. Rev 9.790 6.206 8.440 4.653 8.010 13.014 17.608 10.875 33.780 4.390 13.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.310 12.993 22.160 2.090 1.430 2.760 2.405 8.

590 139.949 57.925 8.011 46.805 15.315 50.520 41.836 24.375 57.100 22.410 25.091 6.010 52.619 11.320 11.935 14.820 95.050 76.701 16.640 65.920 154.475 7.094 132.024 26.770 80.090 74.397 27.089 42.050 93.855 5.860 93.453 113. Div.144 24.825 17.655 10.908 20.170 99.220 38. 1 and Div.606 39. 1 and Div.060 119.050 48.194 22.596 25.430 46.940 78.080 125.824 30.130 26.860 54.450 77.285 5.070 20.670 4.571 103.708 34.299 59.806 20.710 16.220 22.035 6.770 179.346 17.715 59.584 14.761 FR (N) 19.910 25.370 57.555 8.247 35. 2 Page 63 of 66 .110 62.860 12.530 18.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.665 7.002 37. Rev 9.080 35.030 102.950 5.935 6.890 107.190 23.315 5.420 80.295 8.154 44.260 108.804 38. 2 Table 6 Nozzle NPS Class 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 150 300 600 900 1500 2500 FR (lb) 4.160 28.430 27. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.484 MC and ML (lb-ft) 12.030 75.100 69.395 6.910 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” MC and ML (N-m) 17.400 70.800 74.440 47.510 67.998 28.736 12.871 18.150 23.951 21.150 21.990 Standard 0601.199 34.641 88.119 8.660 60.802 33.450 48.170 81.410 57.765 35.131 92.270 29.320 16.340 52. Div.220 110.931 68.400 30.

and API 938.2. It is recommended that shop hydrotest pressure shall be calculated using vessel MAWP as a reference.2).000 psi) that will lead to local plastic deformations. The temper embrittlement is also time related.11 (from Div. 25% of design stress intensity per Div. when the temperatures get reduced below 400°F (204°C).9 5. On 1 Cr and 1¼ Cr steels the effect is shadowed by carbide formation.4. WRC-305 and in reference 3.4 Standard 0601. In accordance with this interpretation the “Design Pressure” can be equal with the MAWP or higher than it.2. As.2 for more information. 5.2. Div. The relation between hardness values and PWHT temperature shall indicate the limit over which the stress relaxation occurs.2. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 APPENDIX F – INTERPRETATIONS The paragraph numbers referenced in this Appendix refer to the relevant paragraph in the main body of this Standard or within the preceeding Appendices and provide interpretations where the letter INT are denoted in the left hand margin.9. 30% of allowable stress per Div.7.9 This is an empirical formula resulted from a series of tests described in reference 3.11. 5.2). At shut-down. the absorbed hydrogen will recombine in molecular form and will generate a very high stress (>80. at temperatures lower than MDMT. Sb.1) or paragraph 3. 2 Page 64 of 66 . As acceptable alternate. Div. Additional information about this phenomenon is provided in WRC275. it is possible to expose the material at a stress level that will not exceed approximately 16% of Yield Strength (approx. Rev 9.2 5.3 ABSA (the Registration Boiler Branch in Alberta) interpret the term “Design Pressure” as the local pressure in any point of the equipment that is equal with the sum between the MAWP and design static head to that point.1. Generally the temper embrittlement occurs when the high strength low alloy steels are exposed at temperatures between 950°F (510°C) and 1300°F (704°C) (within PWHT temperature range). The graphitization occurs when the steel is exposed long time at temperatures exceeding 800°F (427°C).1. 1 and Div.2. 5.1 or approx.7. P) at the boundary of the grain structure. In accordance with ASME Code paragraph UCS (from Div. The “temper embrittlement” and “hydrogen embrittlement” deteriorate the mechanical properties of brand new materials (particularly the toughness gets reduced). Another embrittlement that affects carbon steels is due to graphitization of steel structure. 1 and Div.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.7.2. See ASTM E208 for more information.2. Temper embrittlement is generated by separation of low melting temperature elements (such as Sn. micro -cracks and formation of micro voids in the steel structure. See reference 3.2. At a stress level below this limit any crack tip will not propagate. That gives the possibility to repeat the hydrotest using the same pressure as indicated on the nameplate any time during the vessel operating lifetime. During operation the atomic hydrogen is absorbed in the metal structure.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. The hydrogen embrittlement occurs during the operation when the steel is exposed to Hydrogen Service. the PWHT temperature may be established experimentally for given purchased steel by using hardness test results provided on welded specimens exposed to different PWHT temperatures. Additional information is provided in WRC-275.

7. 3.4.7. This curve shall be used to determine the temperature at which the toughness is 40 ft-lb (T40).7.3. Sometime they are used as micro alloying elements in order to condition mechanical properties. 2 .6.3. APPENDIX B B. Higher CE will increase the amount of brittle structures and the thickness of HAZ that will lead to a lower toughness.5. In the case of Hydrogen Service. This temperature will be used as MDMT as long as the equipment will not be exposed to Hydrogen Service. The phenomenon is more relevant in thicker plates. Page 65 of 66 B. Each group of specimens shall be impact tested at a specific temperature different from the other groups.3. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 5. HIC. Perlite is a brittle structure and will facilitate crack propagation. Rev 9. The result shall be used to establish a toughness transition curve. See references 3.1 for more information. 1 and Div. Div.4 Standard 0601. PT examination shall be performed to detect only superficial open defects included within weld deposits or heat affected zone (HAZ). the MDMT will be represented by the sum between T40 and the additional temperature excursion induced by hydrogen embrittlement. Due to fabrication process heavy forgings with higher content of S and P will have and uneven segregation of perlite. the MDMT will be represented by the sum between T40 and the additional temperature excursion induced by hydrogen embrittlement. This curve shall be used to determine the temperature at which the toughness is 40 ft-lb (T40). Limit the Vanadium and Columbium content. their presence will also prevent the relaxation of residual stress at lower PWHT temperatures.c To limit the amount of S and P in order to avoid the defective steel structures generated by the presence of these two elements. See references 3.1.3. 5.2. 3. Consequently when these two elements are present the PWHT temperature shall be substantially increased.7.6.b • • 5. The 18 specimens shall be divided in six groups of three specimens.2. 5. This temperature will be used as MDMT as long as the equipment will not be exposed to Hydrogen Service.2. Div. The type of detectable defects can be three-dimensional or two-dimensional oriented perpendicular to magnetic field.12.2. • To limit the amount of S and P in order to avoid the defective steel structures generated by the presence of these two elements. Perlite is a brittle structure and will facilitate crack propagation as SOHIC.b Manual UT examination provides the capability to detect three-dimensional and two-dimensional defects in the full penetration butt welds and “D” category welds but cannot properly be used to detect defects in fillet welds (attachment welds). Due to fabrication process steels with higher content of S and P will present a lamellar distributed structure (such as onion layers) cause by uneven segregation of perlite. The result shall be used to establish a toughness transition curve. 5.E.5 MT examination can be performed to detect superficial defects within 3/16” depth measured from weld surface.1 for more information.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. As a side effect.2. In the case of Hydrogen Service. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.5. Limit the Carbon Equivalent (C.6 5. The intent is.2.3.4 The 18 specimens shall be divided in six groups of three specimens.5. The requirement applies only for the plates used for pressure envelope.7.8.). Each group of specimens shall be impact tested at a specific temperature different from the other groups. 1 and Div. SCC sometime associated with blistering.

C. 2 Number: 0601 Revision: 9 APPENDIX C C. Consequently this potential problem shall be avoided on thicker elements (associated with a higher design temperature and/or pressure). The DTH shall not be accepted on restrained welds such as the welds around the nozzles.2.3 C. In Hydroprocessing equipment (such as reactors) the required toughness of new material shall as high as possible. Standard 0601.1 The flanges belonging to the piping system connecting these nozzles are not designed for allowable stress that is equal with the one specified for Div.7 C. Negligible loads are considered the ones that generate a local stress not exceeding 10% of the allowable limit. the PWHT temperature is always higher than Tempering temperature and consequently the microstructure is modified by PWHT cycle. Rev 9. Consequently the steel structure shall be bainite. In addition laboratory tests indicate that weld metal quality and structure is always lower that the one of base metal.8 C. C. the weld build-ups and the welds between mechanically loaded attachments and pressure envelope (i. Div. 1 and Div.1 Even if the fabrication has the capacity of rolling thicker plates the concern is related with the quality (the frequency and size of defects) of longitudinal seams.2. Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII. These tests are mandatory because for this types of steels.8 C. The weld overlay applied in a single layer technique can be accepted provided the weld overlay surface will not be embrittled as a result of PWHT. The requirement addresses the maximum range of toughness reduction that has to be used as reference when the Minimum Pressurization Temperature (MPT) is established.2. It is requested for one PWHT cycle which is typically provided in fabrication process and also for 3 PWHT cycles that consider any shop and field repairs. That is because this original toughness will get reduced during PWHT and in operation. The acceptance of using ESW technique may be provided only after reviewing the welding procedure that has to incorporate the results of disbanding tests.2.2. Suncor does not accept using thicker plates due to increased probability of obtaining defects and the problems associated with the time required to repair these defects.4 C.e. The N&T heat treatment can not ensure a minimum 90% conversion of normalized structure into a bainitic one due to the improper cooling process during the Normalizing phase.MAJOR PROJECTS Corporate Technical Standard Department: Subject: PROJECT SERVICES Pressure Vessels ASME Section VIII.2. 1 and Div.335 kPag). Div.1.2. The requirement asses the potential degradation of mechanical properties induced by embrittlement of steel structure. internal ring supports). The requirement asses the potential degradation of mechanical properties of original bainitic steel structure. C.3. Also it is recommended to restrict the width of welding consumable (strip) to maximum 5” (125 mm).3.5.12 The ESW technique may be used only if the fabricator proves that he got long experience in using it on similar equipments.11 The DHT shall be accepted only on not restrained welds such as longitudinal and circumferential butt welds on cylindrical shells and spherical heads.5. This process shall not be accepted on combination of operating parameters exceeding 800°F (427°C) and 1500 psig (10.1. The PWHT temperature and the operating temperature induce a significant reduction of steel toughness. 2 Page 66 of 66 .

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