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Mir Hardware Heritage

Mir Hardware Heritage

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA book on Mir Space Station
NASA book on Mir Space Station

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Dec 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Original Soyuz survived the
Moon program to become the
ancestor of all subsequent Soyuz and
Soyuz-derived craft. Spacecraft
designer Konstantin Feoktistov
stated that the Original Soyuz
missions in 1966-1970 provided
engineering data for its conversion
into a space station transport. Plans
for the conversion were drawn up in
the first half of 1970.14

Soyuz 10 and Soyuz 11 carried
docking systems permitting internal
crew transfer. In this work these
vehicles are called the Salyut 1-type
Soyuz. Apart from their docking
systems, they differed only slightly
from the Original Soyuz. The three
Soyuz 10 cosmonauts became the
first people to dock with a space
station, but were unable to enter
Salyut 1. This was blamed on a
“weak” docking unit.15

The Soyuz 11
crew occupied Salyut 1 in June 1971.
Because Soyuz cosmonauts wore
pressure suits only for EVAs, the
Soyuz 11 crew perished during
reentry when pyro shock jarred open
a 1-mm pressure equalization valve,
allowing the Soyuz 11 descent
module to vent its atmosphere into

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