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, CONFIDENTIAL

A ViII

CHAPTER V.

~PPROACHt DEPLOYMENT AND BA'rrLE MANEUVERS •

. • SeetieR 1. THE APPROACH. , (FTP 143, Pur', 1209·1215)

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GI0l. THEAPPROACl{ OF T:fJE BATTLE -LINE will beconducted in sueh a manner a& to-

(a) Enable aU' ship. to open fire promptly.

.tb) , Enable rapid deployment at right angle. to, or within sixty derreu of the 'axfa.. (e) Prevent an enfilade by the enemy.

SeeUoR 2. ,THE DEPLOYMENT.

5201. Commander B~ttleLine will deploy the battle Une on the fleet deployment cours.' II ,J, ..

naled by the Officer In Tactical Command," ; " ' ,

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'5202, Methods of deploying the battle Une, by the use of "Deploy" signals are illustrated in Plates 9, 10 and 11, The first movement ot all divisions fnroliponse to any "Deploy" signal 18 a dlvlslon column change to the deployment course. Subsequent movements of divisions other than the base unit are always by division column movement unlesa signal is made directing that simultaneous turns are to be used" This latter method is sometlmeadealrahle to develop max-

imum gunfire during the deployment maneuver. " ,

5203. ,The 'Battle Line will be in Battle Formation when:

(a) A signai to that· etfeethltlJ. been elfccuted.· .

(b) . A Battle Line deployment signal ~a8 been executed.

5204. When a redeployment is ordered 'by tho Officei' In ,Tactical Command, the Commander Bat-

tle Line will redeploy the battle line on the newftect deployment course." '

6205. The general signal "Batt'le Line is no longer in Battle Formation" place the Battle Lin. in the compound formation at natural interval existing at the time the signal is executed and re-

quires divisions to assume exact stations as rapidly aH practlcable.. '

Sed.loa 3. MANEUVERS IN BATrLE FORMATION.

5301. GENERAL RULES tor: maneuvers given in Articles 2101 to 2119, apply to Battle For.

mations. '

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6302. FOLLOW THE LEADER. Ships of each division wlll follow their leaders in course and speed changes being alert to detect' such ehangea should they be made without signal. Further, when in division line of bearing, ships of the division will form column promptly on the division guide, without further orders, when a signal is made requiring a column change of course by the division, or should the division guide change course without signal. It Is incumbent on Division GuIdes to indicate promptly their inability to keep station in the Battle Line in order that the Battle Line will not be thrown into confusIon by ships following such disabled leaders. FTP 14,3, Chapter XU, Section 12.

'6303; LATITUDE IN MANEUVER OF SHIPS.· Individual ships will maintain station on the division guides, except as provided in FTP 143, Paragraphs 874 and'1280. Commanding' om. cera must keep ships well closed up in order "i,hat division commanders may have ample.sea room for maneuvers or action in accordance with article 6304.

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CONFIDENTIAL

CHAPTER VI •.

COMMUNICATION8~'

Seetloa 1.. RADIO DIRErnON FINDER PROCEDURE".

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6101. Organization to secure navigational data and gain Information of the enemy while m cruising or approach dIsposition will be effective on orders from Commander Battle Line or hfJ~';' er authority. Tracking will be discontInued upon deployment or when directed by authority tnI",

tiating the tracking order. .'

,6102. The Baa-ship of Commander Battle Line is normally the Direetion Finder Center.

6108. (a) Group One consists of the leading ship of each division, and la reapowdble for the search, detection and taking of bearings of enemy transmissions in the frequency band 100 to 225 kilocycles.

(b) Group Two consists of the second ship of each division. and Is responsible tor the search, deteetlon and taking of bearings of enemy transmissiona In the frequency band

225 to 550 kilocycles. '

(c) Group Three consists' of the third ship of each divisIon. and Is responsible for the search, detection and taking of bearings Qf enemy transmi8sion3 in the frequency band 650 to 1500 kilocycles.

6104. Communication with the Direction FlnderCentee willbe governed by the radio and visual conditions in effect.. When the radio and visual 'Conditioll8 in effect prohibit tranamisaion of direction finder ,bearings during darkness" tracking wHl be continued and the- latest information • forwarded at daylight. . . ". ."

6105. 'Reports of bearings to the Direction Finder Center should include thetollowinl lnfoma..

tion in the order listed:- , .

1. True hearing. 2. Frequency. 8. Call sign of transmittIng atation jf obtained" 4. Time

bearing was ~t.ained. . ' . - ,

. 6106. In designating' direction'. finder' frequencies or targets, and in reporting bearingst aIgn,,1I from the General Signal Book or Communicati~n Procedure Signals wUl be employed ..

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Seeti_ 2~ LOST PLANE AND HOMING PROCEDURE.

6201. Battleship lost plane and homing procedure is laid down in USF-75tVolum-e Two.

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Sect.. 3.. SQUADRONORGANIZATlON.· (Sea artfel& 1107)

6301. WheD the battleships are organized and dlspooed as two squadronsJ the Iquadrou unlt frequencies are :_ for squadron ONE those prescribed for 'Ibatship squadron, lett flanlt'; and tor squadron TWO those prescribed tor flbatship squadron, right fiank" in the current "U. S. Fle&t Radio Frequency Plan." When such frequencies are not provided, the squadron commander will ,employ his normal administrative diviaion frequency as the squadron unit frequency.

Section 4. FLEET DISPOSITIONS. (~ee article 4102)

6401. When a ship, division or squadron Is acting as Jl station unit the commander of IUch unit shall maintain a continuous watch on the Task Force Commander's Circuit, in order that he may receive and take action on an maneuvering signals transmitted over that circuIt. When so disposed, such signals will not be repeated over the battle. line circuit. In order that station unlt commanders may have control of their units by radio, such commanders, when division or squadron commanders, are authorized to employ their assigned dlvlsion or squadron frequencf81

. as appropriate, observing the radio condltlone in effect. .

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CONFIDENTIAL

CHAPTER VB •

• c," PLATES AND TABLES.

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7101. The' following plates are mustrative of typical maneuvers for the .eve~l compo"and formations and for deployment by UBe ot DEPLOY signals. No plates are shown of those maneuvers, the evolutIons of whIch areobvlous from the descriptions given In FrP Wi and i46 and thil publication. Most of the typical maneuvers in the plates are from one formation to another

..' formation completed on the same course. Cases will arise requiring the final ceurse to be dif. terent from the present course, In such cases Article 2110 applies.

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7102. The division of three battleships fsshown as the evolution unit, ships bein, at standard

distance and divisions at standard interval. '. ,

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, 7103. Speeds are indicated as FS, SS, 2/3, etc.

7104. -Dtvislone are lettered at the beginning of the maneuver from van to reart or from ri,ht to left: A, B, C, D. Subsequent positions of the divisions, are lettered A', B, C', D'; A",

B", C", D",; etc. Base unit in each plate is shown in black. ' ,

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. CONFIDENTIAL

CASE:

. ' MANEUVERS FOR COLUMN OF DIVISIONS.

TO FORM LINE OF DIVISIONS OR LINE OF BEARING OF DIVISIONS.

Interior . divlsi~n as base unit 011 prescn,t course.

The procedure given below should not be used in cases where units' ahead of the bas~ unit are required to drop back their bearing more than 90·. Those cases wou19. b~ covered by Arti~Je 2118. . .

When the base unit is an interior division, the division guides ahead (or to the right), of the base unit, form on the prescribed bearing; division guides to the rear (or to the left) of the base unit form on the reciprocal of, the prescribed bearin,.

SIGNAL: Fo~ with division guides bearing as indicated (indie'ating bearing and designating

base unit). . , . . .

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NOTE:

Base unit take speed indicated (indicating speed, if desired that base unit take other than standard speed).

Steam ,:t speed indicated for the maneuver (addressed to units in rear of base unit, . and indlcatmg speed if desired that they take other than full speed).

MOV~MENTS REQUIRED. . "

BaH unit, division B or C, maintains present course.at standard speed (or speed indicated).

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Division A. '

.' To form line; Changes' course (Table II) 90· to right (or left) at speed ot base unit CD

and resumes former COUl'8e at the appropriate time to take new position on the line.

.: To form Une ~f bearing: Changes course (Table_; II) . to right (or left) to bearin, fndf:"

cated, at speed of base unit, and resumes former course at the appropriate time to take new

position on the line of· bearing. '

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Other. DJvfsiORI •.

, To form line or Uneof bemnl: If division C is base unit DivIsion B continues on pre. :

Bent course at speed ot base unit and changes course to follow in the wake ot division A, ree Buming former course at the appropriate time to take- new position.

DivisiOns In rear of base unit.

DivisIons C and D, or divIsIon D take full speed (or speed indicated) and chanse course to Jeft (or right) an amount determined by Table III or by the maneuvering board solution for the speed ratio prescribed, taking speed of base unit and resuming former course ut the appro" priate times to take new positions on the reciprocal ·of the prescribed bearing .:

Upon completion of the maneuver, the formation will retain speed of base unit until another speed is ordered.

. (a) The movements of Divisions C-D· ill Figure I and of D in Ffgures n and III are illustrative of the evolutions of units in the rear when line or Une of bearing is formed on the leading division.

(b) The movements of Division A In Figure I and of A and B in Figure II are Illustra'---tfve of movements of evolution units in the van when Jine is formed on the rear division.

(e) The movement of Divisions A and B in Figure III fa illustrative of the movement .

of all evolution units in the van when forming line of bearing on a unit in the rear. •.

PLATE 1.

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, . , PLATE 1.

CONFIDENTIAL

CASE:

MANEUVERS FOR COLUMN OF DIVISIONS.

TO ,FORM LINE OF' DIVISIONS~ To chan,e' the order of divisions,

BASE

UNIT: Invariabl;v the ~ear unit.

SIGNAL: Bame signals as Plate 1, plus designation 'of new order of divisions from the right.

MOVEMENTS REQUIRED.

'Base unit maintain' standard speed throughout, except when the chana's of order requires , any division to take greater than present interval" in which case it slows to two-thirds speed in such time as not to pass most advanced division or divisions already on line.

Units ahead of base unit maneuver 'at standard speed to'turp: up on new tracks on present course. Slow to two-thirds speed if necessary when rear ship of unit has completed turn to new track. When base unit slows to two-thirds speed all units resume standard speed on siBnal, (NOTE: Units which are required to Inereaee the interval shall use full or flank 'SpeH and maneuvering board courses as soon as clear of internal divisions). ,

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PLATE 2.

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CONFIDENTIAL

MANEUVERS· FOR LINE OF' DIVISIONS. ' 'TO. FORM COLUMN' OF DMSIONS.· ..

CASE: A flank divialon as base unit on present course.

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NOTE: Inchangtngfrom line of divisions to column of dIvisions, this method win always

be used .':lnles& ,speed of four-fifths standard speed is signaled for the maneuverin, , units •.

. SIGNAL:' Form with divisions bearing as indicated (indicating 180· and, when necesBar1.- deal,-

. nating a flank division a8 base unit). .. . .

MOVEMENTS REQUIRED.

Base unit, dlvWoa A or D,. maintains present, course at standard speed, (or takeI .peed

indicated for all divisions). . , .' .' .

Other divisions change course (Taple ll) '90~ to rIght (or left), at speed of the hue unit, and chanre course to. former course, in succession, to follow. in wake of ~he baH ,unit.

'TO fORM COLUMN ON 1

i . FLANK DIVISION - / .

ALL DIVISIONS ../\ .

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CONFIDENTIAL·

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MANEUVERS FOR LINE OF DIVISIONS. '.

. TO FORM COLuMN OF DIVISIONS.

CASE:

An interior division as base unit- on. present course,'

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NOTE: Whenihe .base unit is ali ·interior division the division guide. ahead (or to the right) of the base unit form on prescribed bearing; division guides to the rear (or to the left) Qf the base unit form on the reciprocal of the prescribed bearing.

SIGNAL: Fohn with divislona bearing as indicated (indicating O· or ·180· and designatinl' an interior division as base unit).

Guide (base. unit) take speed indicated for the maneuver (if desired that base unit take speed ether than standard speed) •

.. Steam at speed indicated for t"he maneuver' (addressed to division (a) which take sta .. . tlon ahead of. base unit and indicating speed,. it desired that it take BP~ other

than full speed). .

MOVEMENTS REQUIRED.

Base unit, division B or C, maintains present course at standard speed (or speed indicated). The dlvlslon{s) .whleh will be ahead of the base unit upon thecompJetion of the maneuver takes full speed (-or speed indicated) and changes course toward base unit an amount determined by Table III or the maneuvering board. solution for the speed ratio prescribed, and resumes. former course and takes speed of base unit at appropriate times to take new position ahead of base unit.

The other divislOll(s) changes course (Table II) to right (or left) 90· at speed of base unit, and changes course to former course (in. succession), to follow in the wake of base unit

. Upon completion of the maneuver the formation will retain the speed of the bsse unit

until another speed is ordered. .

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PLATE ..

CONFIDENTIAL

MANEUVERS FOR LINE OF BEARING OF DIVISIONS.

TO FORM COLUMN OF DIVISIONS •.

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CASE: An interior div~ion as base unit on pre8~nt course.

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NOTE; The procedure given below will not be used to form eolumnof division ll\1idea In a maneuver which would require any division to make a change of course greater than 90· to the right (or left) of the present course.

When the base unit is an interior unit, .the division guides ahead (or to the right) of 'the base unit form on the prescribed, bearing; division guides to the rear (or to the left) of the base unit form on the reciprocal of the prescribed bearing.

SIGNAL: Form with division guides bearing as indicated (indicating O· and designating an'

interior 'division as base unit). '

Guide (baseunlt) take speed indicated ,for the maneuver (iidesired.that base unit take speed other than standard speed).

Steam at speed indicat~ for the maneuver (addressed to division(s) which takes station ahead of the base unit and indlcatlng' speed if desired that it take other than full speed).

MOVEMENTS REQUIRED.

Base unit, divisloa B or C, maintains present course at standard speed (or speed indicated). The division(s) which will be ahead of the base unit upon the completiOn of the maneuver ~ takes full speed (or speed indicated) and changes course toward the base unit an amount determined by Table TIl or by the maneuvering board resuming former course and taking speed

of base unit at appropriate times to take new position ahead of base unit. .,

The other dlvision(s) change course to 'right (or left) to the reciprocal of the present line of bearing (Table II) at the speed of the base unit and resumes former course (in succession)

to follow in the wake of the base unit. .' .,' ,

, Upon the completion of the maneuver the formation. will. retain speed of· the base unit

until another speed is ordered by, the officer eonduc~ing the maneuver. '

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