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Society!2

Society!2

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Published by Jamion Knight

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Published by: Jamion Knight on Dec 01, 2010
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05/12/2015

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Society!

By: Jamion K. Knight Date: Thursday, 18th November, 2010

What is society?
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Social structure ² organized patterns, arrangements and interactions between groups who comprise various social institutions. Social institutions ² e.g religion, the economy, politics, education, and health

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Religion

Education

Family

What do the Functionalists believe?
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Functionalist views social structure as working in such a way to ensure peace and stability. Structures and interactions make certain that the collective will of members is satisfied. Undesirable behaviors are discouraged through social structures such as laws, norms, rules, roles, values and sanctions. Socialization

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What is Marxism

What do the Marxists believe?
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Marxist sociologists also understand society in terms of its social structure but do not hold the harmonious views. They say that the structures in capitalist societies are enabling for the wealthy and coercive for poorer groups. Gross inequalities occur and they do not have the power to change societal arrangements.

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Religion - Functionalism
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Sociologist Emile Durkheim believed that social life is impossible without social shared values. In their absence, there would be no social order, social control, social solidarity or cooperation. In short, there would be no society. Religion reinforces the collective conscience. Integration of society is strengthened through worship

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Religion - Marxism
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´Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people.µ (Karl Marx) To Marx, religion is an illusion which eases the pain produced by exploitation and oppression. It is a series of myths that justify and legitimate the subordination of the subject class and the domination and privilege of the ruling class.

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Promises a paradise of eternal bliss Some religions make a virtue of the suffering produced by oppression. Religion can offer hope of supernatural intervention to solve the problems on earth. Religion justifies social order By making unsatisfactory lives bearable, religion tends to discourage people to change their situation

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Education - Functionalism
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Functionalist view of education tends to focus on the positive contributions educations makes to the maintenance of the social system. ´Society can only survive if there exist among its members a sufficient degree of homogeneity; education perpetuates and reinforces this homogeneity by fixing in the child from the beginning the essential similarities which a collective life demands.µ (Durkheim, 1961)

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School provides a context where skills can be learned. Discipline Education teachers skills necessary for their future occupations. This function is particularly important in an industrial society with its increasingly complex and specialized division of labour. Value of achievement Evaluation of students ² future roles

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Education - Marxism
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Capitalists system requires hard working, obedient and highly motivated workforce which is too divided and fragmented to challenge the authority of management. Acceptance of hierarchy. Teachers give instructions and students accept without question. Students motivated by external rewards

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Family - Functionalism
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Murdoch (1949) argued that families perform four basis functions: sexual, reproductive, economic and educational. Parsons (1959) says that family provides primary socialization and secondary socializations ´Families are factoriesµ which produce human personalities.

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Family - Marxism
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Reproduction Exploitation

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