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Special Relativity Examples

# Special Relativity Examples

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Special Relativity Examples
Special Relativity Examples

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03/17/2014

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:.(-) . L 4-9 Two spaceships, each measuring 100 m in its own rest frame, paSSt +.- :----t<[--;;;;.--l-.,

! " ~. [' J- by each other traveling in opposite directions. I?struments on sPOace-l L._il· ----c::+.~ .......

I, ' ! ship A determine that the front end of spaceship B requires 5.0 . X I I'f I '"D

.L ... _ 1-m 10-6 sec to traverse the full length of A. L F t =l2...~- +.:.~ : -- ...

I (a) What is the relative velocity of the two spaceships? I ! I ~; ,

i -t (b) A clock in the front end of B reads exactly one o'clock as it ;1 I--l·-t t- 1-- t--- -

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, f----t.. passes by the front end of A. What will the clock rea as it passes by +---r'-l----t- r----

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4~ 11 A beam of unstable K + mesons, traveling at a speed of cV3 /2, passes through two counters 9-m apart;-The particles suffer a negligible loss of speed and energy in passing through the counters but give electrical pulses that can be counted. It is observed that 1000 counts I ate recorded in the first counter and 250 in the second. Assuming thai this whole decrease is due to decay of the particles in flight, what is their half-life as measured in their own rest frame?

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4- J 5 A flash of light is emitted at point 0 and is later reabsorbed at point P (see the figure). In frame S, the line OP has a length I and makes an angle 8 with the x axis. In a frame S' moving relative to S with a constant velocity v along the x axis:

(a) How much time 7' elapses between emission and absorption of the light?

(b) What is the spatial separation [' between the point of emission and the point of absorption of the light?

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4-17 A rod of proper length L points along the x axis but moves in a direction making an angle of 45° to this axis (see the figure). A platform, also parallel to the x axis, lies in the rod's way. but a slit of' . proper length 1.lL has been cut out of it so that the rod can easily fit through if it travels at a nonrela- • tivistic speed. What happens if its speed is O.9c? Analyze the problem from both reference frames.

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5-2 A KO meson at rest decays into a 11"+ meson and a 11"- meson, each having a speed of O.S5e. If a KO meson traveling at a speed of O.ge decays, what is the greatest speed that one of the 11" mesons can have? What is the least speed?

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5-6 Measurements in two frames, Sand S', are related by the usual Lorentz transformations, with v = 0.6c. At t' = 10-7 sec, a particle. leaves the point x' = 10 m, traveling in the x' direction with a constant velocity u' equal to -c/3. It is brought to rest suddenly at t' = 3 X 10-7 sec (all measurements inS'). As measured in S:

(a) What was the velocity of the particle during its trip? (b) How far did it travel?

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5-8 Consider two inertial frames, S andS', related in the usual manner. (a) At t = 0 a photon leaves the origin of S, traveling in a direction making a 45° angle with the x axis. What angle does its trajectory make with the x' axis in S'?

(b) Repeat part (a) for a body of mass m moving in S with speed u. (c) A rod which is stationary in S makes an angle of 45° with the x axis. What angle does it make with the x' axis?

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6-3 A particle of rest mass mo and kinetic energy 2moc2 strikes and sticks to a stationary particle of rest mass 2mo. Find the rest mass . M 0 of the composite particle.

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6-7 A "photon rocket" uses pure. radiation as the propellant. If the initial and final rest masses of the rocket are M. and M" show that the final velocity v of the rocket relative to its initial rest frame is given by the equation

Ni/Mt = [(c + v}/(c - v)]1/2

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4-18 Below are the space and time coordinates of two pairs of events. Finft the space-time interval between events 1 and 2 in each case. Taking each case in turn, answer the following questions:

(a) Could there be a causal connection between the two events? (b) Is there a frame in which the two events would be recorded

as simultaneous? If so, what is this frame?
Event 1 Event 2
Xl Y1 Zl 11 X2 Y2 Z2 12
0.3m 0.5m 0 2 X 10-9 sec O~m 0.7m 0 3 X 10-9 sec
0.7m 0.5m 0 5 X 10-9 sec OAm 0.6m 0 4 X 10-9 sec : Case A

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