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1.0 INTRODUCTION A sieve analysis is a practice or procedure are use to assess the particle size distribution of a granular material. The size distribution is often of critical importance to the way the material performs in use. A sieve analysis can be performed on any type of non-organic or organic granular materials including sands, crushed rock, clays, granite, coal, soils, a wide range of manufactured powders, grain and seeds, down to a minimum size depending on the exact method. Being such a simple technique of particle sizing, it is probably the most common. 2.0 OBJECTIVE The sieve analysis determines the grain size distribution curve of soil sample by passing them through a stack of sieves of decreasing mesh opening sizes and by measuring the weight retained on each sieve.

3.0 THEORY The suitability of a soil for a particular use in construction is often dependent on the distribution of gain sizes in the soil mass. There are two tests used to analyze the particle – size distribution in a soil. One of these methods is the sieve and analyze. The test is a fundamental requirement for identification and for specification compliance testing for coarse soils.

4.0 APPARATUS 4.1 Sample of Soil 4.2 Sieve 4.3 Mechanical Shaker

3 Mechanical Shaker GEOTECHNIC LABORATAORY REPORT| 2 .2 Sieve Figure 5.1 Sample of Soil Figure 5.0 APPARATUS FIGURE Figure 5.4 Hammer 5.4.

Arrange the stack of sieves to that the largest mesh opening is at the top and smallest is the bottom. A stack of six or seven sieves is generally sufficient for most soil and applications. 3. The top sieves soil should have and opening slightly larger than the largest particles. GEOTECHNIC LABORATAORY REPORT| 3 . Oven dry the sample.Figure 5. The pressure required to achieve this disaggregation should be minimized to avoid breaking the solid particles themselves. allow it to cool and measure its weight (250 gram).0 PROCEDURE 1. 2. Use the mortar and pestle to break down the aggregations into individual particles.4 Hammer 6. Select a stack of sieves suitable to the soil being tested.

4. Remove the stack of sieves from the shaker. 8. Repeat step 6 for each sieve.0 RESULT Total Mass of Dry Sample: 250 gram GEOTECHNIC LABORATAORY REPORT| 4 .1 When sieve analysis is running someone should tight the lock at the sieve analysis. Carefully empty the sieve without losing any material and use a brush to remove grains stuck in its mesh opening. 6. Pour the sample on the top sieve. Attach a pan at the bottom of the sieve stack. 7. 5. Add the cover plate to avoid dust and loss of particles while shaking.0 SAFETY PRECAUTION 7. transfer its contents to a piece of the paper or a larger recipient. Measure the weight of soil retained in each sieve and note the corresponding sieve mesh opening and number. 7. As a preliminary check. Both weights should be within about 1 % if the difference is greater than 1% too much material was lost and weighting and or sieves should be repeated. the weight retained on all the sieves and the bottom pan are added and their sum is compared the initial sample weight. Place the stack of sieves the mechanical shaker and shake for about 5 minutes. Beginning with the top sieve.

Sieve BS (mm) 2.89 268.300 0.38 307.584 g 0.160 1.059 g 0.17 429.0 CALCULATION Uniformity Coefficient (Cu) Cu = D60 Coefficient of Curvature (Cc) Cc= D302 GEOTECHNIC LABORATAORY REPORT| 5 .585 g 0.400 0.74 279.589 g 0.50 0.55 294.38 Weight of Sieves (gram) 379.180 0.10 0.24 1.06 351.500 0.425 0.37 0.150 0.103 g 429.360 1.28 36.55 257.93 0.50 14.90 281.075 Pan Weight of Sieves + Soil (gram) 3.45 Mass Passing (gram) 138.04 0 0 0 Total Mass (gram) 9.25 0.09 0 0 0 Percent Finer (%) 55.38 Mass Retained (gram) 112.526 g 10.7 102.588 g 3.33 0.04 34.090 0 0 250.001 g 3.53 0.91 0.212 0.680 0.

D10 D10D60 10. with determine the Uniformity Coefficient (Cu) and Coefficient of Curvature (Cc) we also can know the grade of soil is good.0 DISCUSSION 11. not good or constant soil.0 CONCLUSION In conclusion.wikipedia.2 Civil Engineering Laboratory 2 Report. Besides GEOTECHNIC LABORATAORY REPORT| 6 . 12. we can know the type of soil at the place with use the Sieve Analysis Test and depend to the sample of soil trough the sieve. Depend to size of sieve (mm) and percentage passing (%). C3003. http://en.0 REFRENCES 12. we can plot the sieve analysis graph to know the type of soil.1 12.


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