Bed Making Techniques in a Hospital By Janin Santa, eHow Contributor

There are different types of methods to make a bed in a hospital. The bed-making methods are designed for different situations revolving around the patient. The methods also send a message to the hospital staff on how to plan and schedule the direction of care for the patient's treatment.

Beginning Bottom Flat Sheet All hospital bed-making starts with the bottom cover of the bed; it may be fitted or flat. A flat sheet will be flush to the head of the bed with the edge swooped under and out the side one time, the edge brought by one finger up over the top corner to form a 90-degree angle. The remaining hanging edge is swooped under the mattress again and then the 90-degree, triangle edge tucked under the mattress to create a mitered corner or a hospital corner. The other top bedding varies in position depending on what type of bed is to be made. Closed Bed The closed bed is made after the discharge of a patient and/or after terminal cleaning. It stays as a closed bed until the patient arrives. The top sheet and blanket are flush to the foot of the bed where hospital corners are implemented halfway only to leave the triangle edge hanging over the bed in a crisp-lined flap. The top edge of the bedding at the head of the bed is fan-folded to show the sheet and partially the blanket. Open Bed To open a closed bed upon receiving an admitted patient, the head side, fan-folded edge is fan-folded to the foot of the bed. This type of bed-making is called an open bed. It sends a welcoming and warm sign to the patient that hospital staff is prepared for the patient's admission and treatment. Occupied Bed An occupied bed is made while the patient is still in the bed. The patient may not be able to move him or herself out of the bed. The bed linen must be changed to provide cleanliness and decrease the risk of infection to the patient. With the least stress possible to patient and worker, the patient is rolled to one side while the other side of the bed is made. Then the patient is rolled onto the made side while the remaining opposite side is completed. The top bedding is fan-folded to the desire of the patient.

24 January 2010 MAKING A SURGICAL BED Preparation of a surgical bed permits easy patient transfer from surgery and promotes cleanliness and comfort. facial tissues. including two clean sheets (one fitted. safe. so that it almost looks like an open bed. a pillowcase. Surgical Bed A surgical bed provides a warm. To make such a bed.ehow. if available). Raise the bed to a comfortable working height to prevent back strain. Place an open bath blanket about 15″ (38 cm) from the head of the http://www. with its center fold positioned in the middle of the bed. a bath blanket. and linen-saver pads. a The top bedding is fan-folded from the head and foot of the bed toward the middle third of the bed and then fan-folded to the opposite side of the bed that the patient will enter Read more: Bed Making Techniques in a Hospital | eHow. a spread or sheet. Slip the pillow into a clean pillowcase and place it on a nearby table or chair. inviting environment to a patient who has just returned from having surgery. Place a top sheet or spread on the bath blanket.html#ixzz16ruhSUBs Sunday. The blanket warms the patient and counteracts the decreased body temperature caused by anesthesia. take the following steps: Assemble linens as you would for making an unoccupied bed. The fanfold of a closed bed is turned down three-quarters of the way towards the foot of the bed. The unoccupied bed is made while a patient is in the shower or sitting up in a chair.Unoccupied Bed The unoccupied bed is both like a closed bed and an open bed. and position it as you did the blanket. Then fold the blanket and sheet back from the top so that the blanket . Make the foundation of the bed using the bottom sheet and drawsheet. a trash bag.

Raise the bed to the high position if you haven't already done so. On the side of the bed where you'll receive the patient. Keep extra pillows handy to elevate arms and legs and to promote circulation. suction apparatus. tuck in the linens at the foot of the bed and miter the corners. If you expect bleeding or discharge. . Then lock the wheels and lower the side rails. fold up the two outer corners of the sheet and blanket so they meet in the middle of the bed (as shown in illustration 2). Move the bedside stand and other objects out of the stretcher's path to facilitate easy transfer when the patient arrives. Make sure that the side rails work properly. fold the sheet and blanket up from the bottom (as shown in illustration 1). equipment. facial tissues. place one or more pads on the bed. try to anticipate and be ready for his special needs. Cover him by pulling the top point of the sheet and blanket over him and opening the folds. have I. Also. After the patient is transferred to the bed. To make the patient comfortable and prevent unnecessary movement and linen changes. Similarly.shows over the sheet. thereby preventing edema. If necessary. Pick up the point hanging over this side of the bed. After covering the patient. or other special equipment ready. and linen-saver pads at the bedside.V. For nausea. keep an emesis basin. roller for patient transfer. and fanfold the linens back to the other side of the bed so the linens won't interfere with patient transfer (as shown in illustration 3). remove all liquids from the bedside. position the pillow for his comfort and safety.

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