____ is the measure of a system¶s ability to expand, change, or downsize easily to meet the changing needs of a business enterprise. Scalability 2. Every information system involves ____. all of the above 3. A system design where the server performs all the processing is described as ____. mainframe architecture 4. In a(n) ____ design, the remote user¶s keystrokes are transmitted to the mainframe, which responds by sending screen output back to the user¶s screen. Centralized 5. a client/server design, a database server ____. Processes individual SQL commands 6. In an n-tier system, special utility software called ____ enables the tiers to communicate and pass data back and forth. Middleware 7. In a client/server architecture, just as processing can be done at various places, data can be stored in more than one location using a(n) ____. DDBMS 8. When developing e-business systems, an in-house solution usually requires a ____ for a company that must adapt quickly in a dynamic e-commerce environment. greater initial investment but provides more flexibility
9. A ____ is an entrance to a multifunction Web site. portal
10. During business hours, a salesperson can enter a sale on a ____ terminal, which is part of an information system that handles daily sales transactions and maintains the online inventory file. POS 11. A batch processing system has all of the following characteristics except ____. the information system is available whenever necessary to support business operations
A ____. the presentation layer ____. ring network 20. In a ____. In the OSI (open system interconnection) model. In a ____. departmental servers. At the center of the network shown in the accompanying figure is the ____. workstations. one or more powerful servers controls the network. the session layer ____. and peripheral devices.12. A ____ resembles a circle of computers that communicate with each other. A disadvantage of a bus network is that ____. performance can decline as more users and devices are added
19. hierarchical network
17. ____ describes how data actually moves from an application on one computer to an application on another networked computer. and departmental servers control lower levels of processing and network devices. a single communication path connects the network server. such as that illustrated in the accompanying figure. In the OSI (open system interconnection) model. has a central networking device that manages the network. OSI
14. assures that data is uniformly structured and formatted for network transmission
15. which manages the network and acts as a communications conduit for all network traffic. the application layer ____. defines control structures that manage the communications link between computers
16. In the OSI (open system interconnection) model. Switch
. star network 21. provides network services requested by a local workstation
13. bus network
a network must use a(n) ____.22. In all cases. Mbps 26. BSS 32. the ____ point is similar to a hub in the LAN star topology. Amendments 27. The ____ topology allows the expansion of wireless access over a wide area. the IEEE created two ____ to its initial standard to offer considerable improvement in transmission speed. The maximum speed for wireless network standards is measured in ____. To increase bandwidth. TCP/IP 24. A(n) ____ is relatively inexpensive to install and is well-suited to workstations and users who are not anchored to a specific desk or location.11g 29. In the ____ configuration. A popular network protocol is ____. In its wireless configuration. both B and C 28. The ____ standard is compatible with the 802. which is a set of standards that govern data transmission. MIMO 30. except it provides network services to wireless clients instead of wired clients. The ____ standard is used by most WLANs. 802.11 versions. which today is the backbone of the Internet. WLAN 25.11b standard. ESS
. Protocol 23. Access 31. The ____ technology is compatible with earlier 802. a central wireless device is used to serve all wireless clients.
or conditions.11 specifications. inputs. hardware. and network specifications. including any requirements that involve operations. Implementation Requirements
. or security. affecting a system. all of the above 38. System Environment 40. The system design specification is a document that presents the complete design for a new information system. Most business WLANs use access points and do not utilize the ____. The ____ was formed in 1999 to certify interoperability of wireless network products based on IEEE 802. All of the following use access points except ____. systems software. System Components 39. outputs. The ____ section in a typical system design specification contains the complete design for a new system. and software test plans are specified. ISS 34. Wi-Fi Alliance 36. along with ____ for the next SDLC phase ² systems implementation. files. including the user interface. Bluetooth 37. startup processing. The ____ section in a typical system design specification describes the constraints.33. ISS 35. In the ____ section in a typical system design specification. databases. A form of wireless transmission called ____ is very popular for short-distance wireless communication that does not require high power. initial data entry or acquisition. user training requirements.