- 1"'!

J m,'cn:J n-mn iI:Jtum~:J m"~n 'nn', 'i'~W" 'iI:Jmn 'iI~'" 1':J

tv,n7:l1ln:::ltv C"~i"N" "O'-'ltv'7:l ,g07:l :::1':::10 tv:::lnm 1'"g nrren ,tv 'lm,:-t :-tli"" 1'"g 'i"'X ,tv c:-t'm,xn:::l ,,:-tn:-ttv ,:-t'N C'ltv'7:l .,:l,y nN' 'm:-t :-ttvY7:l:-t n'Y7:ltv7:l nN c"m~7:l:-t m":::Il:-t m'7:ltv l':::Itv nn7:l' nmtv n",x:::l ,tv,,~ ,c:-t':::In:l:::l :-t:::ln,:-t:::l m'l' mm:::ln:-tm n'~O'7:l:-t :-t:::ltvn7:l:-t ,tv :-tnN,tv:-t:::l :-t'n"':::Il n:::ln,:-t 1':::1' m'07:l:-t ",-,y ,tv n':l,y-,,:-t mm':ln:-t, "~':::I c:-t:::l In'l "y .'n1:-t :::I,'n:-t ,tv ,n'Y7:ltv7:l:::l ntv"n7:l:-t nN T"g, - C'lg:-t-n"g:l m,'nn" ,n"7:ltvl:::l :-t,y nl:-tl:-t:::l' n"7:ltvl:-t;'n~tvg:-t:::l i",x:-t

.:-tT7:l ,'m,07:l:-t C"y:-t ,tv ,'O,g, ,y "7:ltv,, ,:-tT7:l ,C'7:l:l0,7:l:-t C"lm,:-t m":::Il:-t ,n:-t :-tl,,:-t:::l :-ttv:::lln:-t :-t'N C"~i"N" C'ltv'7:l:::l :-t7:l"l :-tn':-ttv n'lm,:-t n""yn:-t:-t C:-t'l,n:::l :-t,tvy-ytvn:-t :-tN7:l:-t ,tv :-tl,tvN,:-t :-tn'xn7:l ,"N" :-t,tvy-:-tl'7:ltv:-t :-tN7:l:-t ':-t,tv:::l ,:-t'N C'l,:-t .:-tX':::IT'N7:l 'Yl'" 1)0" ':l,,7:l " ,tv, 1',:::I,,7:l T"",:-t ",:-t i'nx' :::Ii'Y' " ,tv 'on'7:l ,ygtv,:-t ,cnx',g cy, rmeen n"':::Il m'7:ltv cy ,:l" ,g-,y ,nN ,:l ""7:ln:-ttv n"ltv'7:l m:l'Y7:l ,'X', ,i'X'i' nrrern :-tno'tvg n,,'on cy ,7:l"i'tv C':::I:l,,7:l:-t l"7:l1l:-t n'~O'7:l'l'~lN n1ltv,n ,n'~O':l'lN mll':::In:-t , '~0'7:l CT"i"" n,gi'tv7:l:-t n1l1U7:l m'm:::ln:-t :-t'n':l,tvm n-rrneen :-t:::ltvn7:l:-t ,tv ntv,nn7:l:-t :-tmY7:ltv7:l ,:::1,:::1 m~:::I'nm

.:-tlntv7:l:-t n'N'X7:l:::l m' rrm :-to'gn:-t ,y 'l'n 'N'Ptv ,:-t'N C'ltv'7:l ,tv cm,:-tn:-t m:::l'Ol nN In:::lN C'N:::I:-t C',:::I,:::I ng,nn7:l:-t cmY7:ltv7:l:::l l~'N' ,n'm:-t :-t:::ltvn7:l:::l C'tv,n C'i'D'N ,y ,y':::Ix:-t, n'm'07:l:-t :-tnYDtv:-t nN T":::IN "y .:-tX':::IT'N7:lI)O" ':l,,7:l r ,tv, 1',:::I,,7:l i'nx' :::Ii'Y' " ,tv c:-t':::In:l:::l i'nx' :::Ii'Y' " ,tv m"m C"~i"N":-t C'ltv'7:l:-t ,tv cnYDtv:-t, n'~7:lT":l:-t :-ti"~0'7:l:-t 'IV n'li'go:-t m:::ltvn7:l 1':::1 :-t:l,g:-t:-t :-ti"T:-t ,y "7:lYN' ,n','on:-t rururm ,tv :-tn,tv:::lln:-t ,y ,tv :-t'n':l,tv:-t ?y, ,i'X'i'7:l ':::I,:-t ",,7:l ,tv ,'m'7:lY 1':::1' I:JO,' ':l,,7:l " ,tv n'~O':l'lNm

.1",g n,,'on:::l rrrnn :-t:::ltvn7:l:-t ,y n rmn



n:l1Y~ m, n TOn' 1J'J 11~1nl :1'~Y YJp, C,Iot:1 ,~ '111:1 '~"Y' mOn"l1:1 m:::l1y7:l :1',m:1 cm'I1" :1,J:I", mIl' J:1 :1J'nJ ':::l" T'" "J:I , 1'Y'IV' 110n" 11~:1 ,11':1't:J7:l1U ,11t:J~~'~ mN'~~' 110n"I1~:1 ,11~J~'~ ,11't:lt:J0PN 11:::l1Y~' ;11":lJ:1 l1'Iot'~~J' 11'ltm'7.1:1 .1'Y'~ 1:'1' T'N~ m1110J 11"":1" C,Nn ,~ 111y"m n"'~' I1UI1'J TJ'Ntu llU'n:1? ,'C'~~~':::l OMJn ,pm:1 N':1 ,:1J'~N1:1 11:::l1Y~:1 C,,:I, ??:::l' On"I1~:1 ,':1't:l~11J:1 "O'M I1J1Y7.lJ C,,:I, :1'mo·','n'? on"l1~n ,'t:lt:loplotn "0':1 "'N' ;",:::l" ',,:1:1' " m"nll~n 11'111n :1'~Y:1 :11~'~'OJ'N" 'm"J:I 11~'1~' ,'mt:l~~l1n':::l o~m pm 111'~~' 'N 'I1Y':1 J'~" ,'nN1" nJ~:::l~ ,11'J't:l~1U:1 11:::l1Y7.l:1' ":1m:1 "0':1

C'??:::l, m~'~::J' m'J,p~:1 llUn:1:1:1 ~'~'N ,:1J,m:1 11:::l1Y~' m'~ C,tu~ n:1 tu', ,L. "_'."

11::J1Y~:1 'N' '~'OJ'N:1 "0':1 'N 110n" 11~:1 11' 111n :1,~yn "'N' .111'0~:1 "':1 mt:l~~I1:1" ':1J':::lIV llN1~:1' ,'Y:1t:l:1 ,1':::l N'~ ~~J 111'0~' ,':1JnN' :1"1P ,11't:JOOPKM ,C~:1 111'JYJ I1'J'OpN :1'~Y llt:J'pJ' 11":1,p~n llUnJ:1:1 11~'1~ C,~~ nJ ~" ,'111'7.11t'),) 11"~Y' 'Y~~7.l-'n on' YJpJ pn~' Jpy' '1 ,~ '111111J .':1'P~:1 J,'n:1 '~'nl17.1 11:11'''\1'

:tm~"y 1'0 YJpJ, ,m:::l1Y7.l:1 '11~~ m:1"nll~:1 ,111J1tun 111'

N~"PI n"J'p I'J~'=] "~p IotJn"~ 11'" ,'n 'N "n~ "m m':1' "1~ c,lot:1 MJn, :1J:1N:1 1 ••• 1 "N1::J :1J'K :1:1:1N:1 C:I :1N1' N'J I1~N:1' I:1J:1N=] '~'n1 N'N IN':1 ,'1:1 T"'Y nJ'N ':::l NJpu N'n~ 'Y [ ... 1 I1NT I1N1pJ :1N1'n :1J:1, T:1:::l:1 T'1:1N llN1pJ

:1"JP:1 trru :1N1'n~ CN '::J ,'~'n1 N'N :1"Jp n'~p 'In''~ 11" ':::l 111':1Y:1 1P'Y

,1:111' m~1 rn ':::l ,??n" 11",:1" N1':1n llN ,,:1Y' ,,:::l' U'lot :1N1'J ':::l :1:1:11ot C,Iot,

10'~:1 11'1~OJ :1JnN' :11ot1' 'Y C' J"':1~ 11~"0~ :1"~J 'Y~~':1 i'n~' :1i'Y' '1 ,tu Nm .'T m'!lOJ ':1'i'~n T7.l nJ1 n"7.lJ ':l1n "I1Ui'07.l C,,1ot ,:1'Jm, n':1i'n l'I"I""~I'I\l'. mY7.lW~:1 llN' MN1':1 'J~-'Y :1:1nNn 'W llW1'!l~n :1m!l"Y llN llm~ 0':::l1':1

n~ ,1':1Y' N'W "J:I, pn T'~' n1'11:1 lli'n llNT J'I1::J p, ni',n N1i'J nN1':1 nJn, "J'Jlln, N'~ ?"J::J Iott:m tutunJ ,:::l ?::J ~~'n U'N C'7.lY!l ,1Jll' 'l1:1nNJ 1:::l

1m' :lnJ!1~' :11' " " 1WK '::J 111'0~' mt:l~!lI1:1 N,n C:I, ,1Jll' ,mi'J" T'NW n7.l1 ::J"N~7.l 1J'Y U'N~ nN1J N':1~ I1IotT llN1i'J nN1'n, ,i'n ',:1 '11' "

m,'on::l o"i:m~ - iltv)1~ 'tvlX1 O'P"l ,(0'::1'1)1) '1X'7X 7n, ,70'::1 r ,P1'~tv 'n :'~O::l '1X .218-167 '~)1 ,'"ltvn (P'7K'::1 '01~) 0'7tv1" ,1"" ,'" n'1'il~ ,m::l::l7il mnn rrnn ,~o ,il'1p~ 1::1 "n::l :ilX' ,0"l'::Iil-'~' mtvn~::1 il::lnK1 nx,' ')1 0'7tv1" ,::I ,'il1lil mtv~ ,'::Itvn r :K7n-iln '~)1 ,il::lilXn ')1tv1 mtv"~il ')1tv ,1"7tvn 0'7tv1" ,n~1tP • 1tv-~' '~)1 ,K'::I"n



'nJnN', 'nN1" l'J - 1""'1m '"n i'n~' JPY' '1

1Y':1 llni"M ~N' 1 ... 1 ,mnN ~N::J C'NJ 'N7.l 1Y'J' ,111,nllJ 111,'on::J i'nn T'N .J'JO ",Iot 0'1:1nl1~n?' " ,:1'JO " n:lm .,1:111' ,mnlot ~N ':1'J ,,-~, ,1"p~ ,mtT 1":)) ,1"""';' pn1' :1PY' "

nm~' ni'~U ,'l"J"~ :1nnn' ,(1815-1745) 1"'''1m ',,:1 i'n1' Ji'Y' '1'~ '~1'7.l-11':1J 'T:::l17.ln n7.l'i'~ YJi'J ,m:1J:1 11!l'i'I1J 1.'111Jnn, 'Jn11n nJ"J~ YJi'J, l"'!l 111,'on ,~ 11'i"'~' nl1!l nn11!lIV 11':ltu'7.ln 11'11~11n rrmn rr'rerm n'11:1J 1"'1:1 111111 ,~ ,'O'J "~Y~ C"op'N',n c':ltu'~n C:I 'YJt:lJ, ,'111Jn:1 :1"J!ln ':lY~ mn1n" 'm'~~:lJ' ,n~'JT'N' P~'P ,nnO'~!lJ o",'onn ~1'7.ln-'11JJ n??mlln 1~N I1'Jn11n 111~'nllnn 'I1W i'n~' Ji'Y' '1 ,'~yn ,mIV7.l ,'O'J 2.n1~Y-Y~l1n nlot~n ,~ nJ'~N1:1 l1'ln~J

'~)1 ,n"::I,n l'::I~7 ,tv,nn m-mn "0 ,P'1::1 ~"~ :ilX' ,n','onn il'~'11"100'n::l 1'7::117~ nunn 7)1 " :::1")1 7 '1' ,(tv,nn 0'71'ln otv ,11711 :17n7) 1864 Xtv'X11 ,tv,nn 0'71'lil Otv ,1'711 'K :64-61 :17n7) 1911 "1U7'::1 ,'::I1il mX7~l ,1'71 ~"~ :90 '~Y ,n"~'n ntv11 ,m11K 1tvy ,7X1tv' n1::1T ,111::1 ,::I1l::l1' 'tv :1")1 ,1pn~il m1~O::l1 .T"7tvn 0'7tv11' ,n1'K~il n'17p~oX ,0'7::1l11P " :('::I1n mK7~l ,1'71 ontv ,nl1nil 7Y ::I1l::l1' 7tv 1'1::1' .327-326 ,217-215 '~)1 ,(X"l1nl T"::Itvn ::I'::IX"7n ,m,'onn n117ln :1m::l::l11~ nK ml1~7~ 0'p1n1 ,0"lln~il fl1'1'Y 7Y o'::I~no~ 1K Op7n::l o"utv '1K1 0"77::11 o'oy~ ,(,'1)1) 1'1~7n " :,1m ,'1'71!)::1 rrrrenrr ,'71::1tvX T"K ::1K1 '1Y .17il7 ilK11 O'l!)il"m1 1n1~' 7lZ1 111ln::lil Oil::l tv'tv ,'71::1tvK 7tv 1'1::1' .('71::1tvK :17il7) 99-93 '~)1 ,,"'tvn 0'7tv11' ,1'71!)::1 7K1tv' n'::1 1nK p1'::17 l")1~il "'::1 n11tv!)X 0'1'm~ Ol'X ,o',n 0'l1'!)~1 m'11p~ m'1'00':1 ml::lln ,ml"l)1~ m1~X 7)1 ,n!)"7Y::Itv m110~ 7Y ,'0'::I7:1n~ 0'11!)'0' 7)1 il::l1 n"~::1 O'OO'::I~ 1'1::1' ptv ,::Im:m m)1'::Ip1 n1":m 7tv ::I17'tv 0:1 1'7::117~ ill1nn 7)1 "1::1' .o','on '11!)'0 7)11 0'p"l7 mom'~il ,1"n m11p:J1 11i'n~ Ktv1~ 7tv 1'1!)0:J 'm1i":J 11'Y7Y 1K '1100':1 mn'l 7Y n1001:J0ll'KlZI ,m111nl nl1nn ,11::1~11::1 '''K :01 1::1n::l :101' 111::1 .m1mx~ n1'11!)'0 m110~::1 :1ln::ln"10n tv1~'lZI 7Y K7K ,0"::Itvn 0'7tv11' ,1'7::1170 nl1nn ,'0!)7X " :::1"::Itvn 0'7tv11' l'" ,(0' .nrrenm rrnnn '7111~) 1'7::1170 Otv7 11::1'n) 'n'T::I10:11'71!)::1 nrrern 7tv nn'tvX1' ,1'1::1'n::l1'7::117~ nl1n7 P'!) tv',pn l"Otvl'::I11 'X mK'llZl 0'''1::1n ,1'1::1' 071X .39-28 '~Y ,T"Otvn 0'7tv11' ,1n'!)1017'!)7 110p1' 1Xlnn n7::1p nK O'lO~ Ol'X1 pnl' ::Ip)1' '1 7tv 1n11m r-n 7tv 'nOtv1 'p7n 11K'n P1 Oil ,mOYO"X7 m'm::l1)1 0"1!)'01 m"ln nlp' :nX1 ,nl1nn7tv 1"n 7y.1m7')1!)7 -rrnnm '1100'ilil)1p,n nx 1X 'lm1n 1071)1 1")11 :nop-::Iop '~)1 ,::I"tvn tvOXpl10 ,nXT 11'::IT ,1"1111n '17n pnl' ::IP)1' :1ln::l ,"::In~n p"n1n ll'::I1~ 01p~n"'K1~ ,m 1~KO::l .X n!)Ol nK1 - 1!)On 7)1 .00p-T~P '0)1 ,1r.1l)1 7)1 nl1nn 7tv 1"::1'::1 ,oiu ,'1)1 1'::In::l 7tv nl::l1p~il n11'n~7 o'on"n~ - 'n~x '1:J" ,'nKT 11'::IT' ,'111::1T nxT' - nmn 7tv 1"!)07 ,"100'nn )1p1n 7)1 .1"7tvn nltv::l l'1X::I tv'n~ n071l 1tvX1 ,::I"tvn mtv::l tvOXPl1~::1 11K7 nXl'tv n'l'71 m'7ln::l 0'1pn~ ,il"1n'1 n'l"n ,'1X1::1 ,''x :nX1 ,pnl' ::IPY' '1 ,)1!) 1::1ln:Jtv 'n1::1nm '7::17::1il P.R Magocsi, Galicia - A Historical :191-190,167-162 , 153-141 '~)1 ,1956 0'7tv1" ,18"n nX~::1 m'7ln7 ,17nX~ " :Surv~v and Bibliographical Guide, Toronto 1983, pp. 92-115, 235-236 T'otvn 0'7tv1" ,m11,n nl!)~::1 ,'1l" l":J :415-395 ,372-357 '~Y ,1964 n'::In'~ ,1'71!)::1 0"1il'n ,'"11n :J'::IK"7n ,n'plK,!)n n)1llnil m'71n7 ,P7::1 '~:131-125 '~)1 ,(m11,n ill!)O::l ,11l" :17n7)

.91-85 ,71-67 '~)1

Rachel Elior. 'Between Yesh ::1X, ,n"'On:1 :1Y1lm :11nln:1 '01!)'::Iln!)1pn::l n771nn:1tv n'l!)n:-! 7)1 2

and Ayin: The Doctrine of the Zaddik in the Works of Jacob Isaac, the Seer of Lublin', in:

Ada Rapaport-Albert and S. Zipperstein (eds.), Jewish History, Essays in Honour of Chi men m 1~X~ 7tv ::In11~ ',::1)1 nOll .emnn ,"X'7X :17n7) Abramsky, London 1988, pp. 393-455


,11'OOOPNiTll""Y lliTiTllN llNO:J~ iT:JiTNiT .iT'I1"':J.). llN iT:J'n'~' m,o~:J c'IV,n C"~~ C'NiT 'IV '11:"iT:J 111"'nll~iT ,'X,'iT ' 111 iT 1"~" iTP'TiT llN' '1'O"1'N' iTiT'~~iT llN llpJ"iT ,iTO"I1~iT m'niT llN' iTY'~iTiT 111,'n llN 117.J'.).7.J N'iT "Y .111JlllV7.J 11':J'OJ:J ',:J.). 'Y C"'X~iT llm'y, cy llTY1J 11"'mlliT~' C":J'P~iT j'l.).tviTiT 11"':J.). llX"!J~

.CT'~1J'OJNm CT'~'lNiT ,iTY':JPiTll'I1~'iTiT iT~'1JiTll':JP ,y 1110"~iT "", '~~~iT m~' "O':JiT N'iT 'iT llN" iT'~iT:J N'N C'lI1IV~ IV!Jl"':JX~:J' l1'lm, l1'IV,nlliT:J iT"'11 iTl'NIV ", ,"~iT ,y l1'O'~iT .,:JYiT 1~ llY:J1JiT iTP'~YiT iT~~niT 'Y 11'~~110iT:J' iT'YiT ,,~, m,o~:J l1'nl'~iTll'111 lltvn'l1~iT ,111":J.).iT"I1X"!J 11'111iT 11':JiT'l1iTiT IlN ,'X,'iT m~iT llN l1!Jptv~ 'iT l1:JiTN 11' 111 l1'IV,nlliT:J ,iT'NiT:J iT~"~iT l1'OOOPNiT 11""Y lliTiT llN' ,'WiT ,tv '~'nn:J ,",:J.)., pm' "~NJ iTl'J~iT ,iTN"iT .• mmiT l"O'l '111~ l1'lPliT iT~~n 'Y 111J~110iT::I' iTll'l1tvll" 11'111iT iT'"iTiT ,tv NX'~"111,pl' llJ!J'iT ,'iT"~" 'C'X~X' ,'C'~tv llN'" ,'iTpm' 'tv!Jl m'o~' ,'iT'Y:Jll' ,'I1"tvPlliT' ,'111:JiT'l1iT' ,'I1'P~" C.). iTl'~~iT ,iT:JiTNiT "'N' .iTY'::IPiT lllV'm~iT iTllN'niT' 11':J'P~iT iT11l'Jll~:J 'T iT'"iT 'IV iTllX"!J N'iT ,'111'~IV.).iT l1'Otv!JlliT', cy 'YX7.JN"'I1':J Y.).~ 'IV iTtvmll~ 111Y:J1JiT ,111:!t" iTN,tvm 11'00'~ 11':JiT'l1iT 111YX7.JN::I

:C'l"'Y 111~"Y

'11' 'iT' mNll~ N'iTtv ,~ ," :JIV'7.J' iT'N '''' iT11 ,iT:JiTNiT N'iT iTl'JIV llN,tviT ,~ l"JT) "'Y iT"tv iTl'~IViTll"iT' iT:J~'~ '11' " ::Itv,7.J' N'iT iTT iT:JiTNiT Nm [,':Jll'J .(:J'P ,C'O!J'tv ,I1NT

l1'O"N"I1'OO'7.JiT 111"'YlliTm iT:J C".).iT -rrm iT,'X'iT mJ ,iT:JiTNiT ,tv 'OOOPNiT iT'!J'N '111~ C"N111~ ,iT:J iTJ"JiT 111"::I.).iT llX"!J' I1'J'lNiT iT111Y~tv~ 'X:J ,iTll'N iTY' l~iT :Pnl" :Jpy' " ,tv ",::1,::1 l1:JiT' l 11' lm, l1'iT'TiT

'~J ,'::111' ,::1 111P':J' N'iT iT:JiTNiT O'IV!J' ,':Jll' " 111::1iT'l1iT N'iT iT:JiTNiT~ rnm ,:J,:J N'iT 111'lm':J l~tv 'J~ ,,::I,:J y,pll N'iT' ,:J, 'I1'N ::Itv,n N'iT ,::1, :JiT'Ntv ,~ oy~~, '1'1.).iT 'l'lY tvtvm 1l'N iT'".).iT iT:JiTNiT ,"'Ytv [ ••• J 111'lm, '111N:J 'IV'P~ [ ... J iT~~n "YIV C'N' iT":J N":JiT n111!J iT:JiTNiT ,"'ytv [ ... Jll'N,,z1;)~ ,~xy 'O:J~ ,N:J ,I1NT l"JT) [ ••• J '11' "l!J' 0'1'" 1J:J,:J 111::1iTN 1l11'N~ ,':Jll' mx, ,p'ytv


'Y':J 111'iT' [ ••• J '111~~" l':JiT" "~11 iT":J N":J:J P:J'l1iT' iTN'11 '1'IV " iTtvy ,l"JT nsn 11':JiT'l1iT N'iT '1,tv " iTtvy nn [ ... J N":JiT miTN tvN '!JIV'J ,:J,::1 .(iTJ '~Y

[5J [4J


:J,:J N'iT 'P'Y ,~ 11"X~:J N'iT P'P'~ CN "IVY~:J '~'l 1l'N' :J,:J N'iT iT:JiTN [1J [I1Y" IV'J ,'" iT11 ,I1N'PlllN11 N:Jp1l11N'Pl 'P'YiT iTl'N iTN"IV 'Y rem ,'I1:JiTN iTl7.JT' [IV"'!JJ "!J ,iT,Y'7.J' llNTi1 iTp,niTllN 111~IV' ,'" iT11 '''l~ rrnm ren llNT

.(O~ ,N:J ,I1NT 1"JT) 11':JiT'l1m 111P:J':J C'NiT l'NIV llY:J 111m'~iT

iTIV'Y iTN"iT ", ,YIV ,C'~IV llN" C'N'Pl ,'p,n ,'" [ ... J "O!JIV~' ,'pm :J'I1~ iTliT lJ 'Y cyo IV'.).'~ 1l'NIV C.)., ,11'IVY' N'IV iT~' l1'IVY' iT~ ',:J.)., p,n C'NiT " llN" ,':JIV::I "l'lY~ '~lY C1~1~IV iTp'pn 1'IV" ,,::1.)., pm l'IV' c'p,n N,Pl iTliT' [ ... J "IV 11"::IYiT:J cyo " IV'IV O!JIV~ N'Pl iT::IiTN lJ 1'NIV iT~ iT"::1 N"::IiT iTlOP iT')"'~::1 N'iTIV ,~ rem [ ••• J IV!Jl ,J, iT'IV iT11 iTN"::1 'iTllN ,,::IY' iU"~ IV'

.(iTl-'l,C'O!JIV~ ,CIV) iT::IiTN::I ,,::IY' ::1'0 C"N' C'P"l' 1J l'NIV iT~ iTN"iT " "

,,::IY' N'IV ,'O'iT N'iT p,n ,~ rmm 'IV ,'O'iT iT'111iTllp,n iT'".).iT iTN"iT N'iTllNT '~Y ,1"JT nsn ,,::IY' N" C"Y pn [::I111JIV '~~I IV"~~ iT'111iT "::I')'~ ym llNX" \(T'

pn 1~' ,'11" N" l1'IVY' iT~ pm C'NiT " iTIV'Y iTN"iT ["'",YI ,"'Y CiT "pm 'l1::1iTN::Ill"::IY' cyo " IV' iT::IiTN::I1~ l'NIV iT~ ,,::1, iTN"iT N'iTIV ,~~ cyo N'::1 N'iT 1111l O!JIV~iT iT11 ,1l1X' l1'IVY' "N' '::1'0' "on "m ,N 11'~~" .).'IV~IV iT~::I'

.Gl'P ,C'O!J'IV ,I1NT l"JT) 1~ .).iTllliT'

miT' 111'::IYiT 'P'Y N'iT iT::IiTN' C'N::I iTl~~IV Y"'~ llNT N,Pl iTN"iT N'iT llNT nn N1iT iT11 1'l!J' O'P' iT:JiTN l' N::I iTN" ["'",YI ,lIy ,~ iT::IiTNiT '::IP~ N::Ip1l iTN"iT

s,('!J '~Y ,'l'~IV ,11~N ',::1,) 1~'n' N,N Nln'1!J 11"1 [ ... 1 iTN"::JiT 'P'Y

'IV C"111iT 1"nIV ,I1Y::J1PiT NX1~iT"l1nliT::J iT11Yl iT::JiTN' iTN" l'::J iTln:JiTiT 'IV iTll1Y~IV7.J ,I1IV'1P~ 11110~:J 111,nl1~iT ,11'~111m ll1Y1::JP 111~'Y~ n~1l' P' C'~"Pll~ Cl'N C'NiT 'Y!Jl1 l111YX7.JN:J 'Y1!J ,1m'::J 'X"1 IV'n~ C'NiTIV ,111l11IV7.J 111~'Y~ n~1l' C.). N,N llN ,1111X~1 iT'111::1 C1'.).iT 'iT,NiT '11'X' 11::J"n~iT iTp'Ti1 llN 11~'')'~ iTN"iT .1iT"'"'Y 11' 11~'iTiT 11110~' 111'XiT llN1 ,O'!JiT1 "~iT llN C'::I"n~iT ,C'Y1:JPiT iT"IVYiT"'O'!J' " "~Y~ iTll~1Y' .,::JY::J iT~1'')'iT l1'nXliT Il"~IV~iTiT 0111'~ 'Y 11lYIVliT ,11'~1l1'OiTiT iT'1::JYiT"'0'!J'~ m"niT l1'lm'iT 11""YlliTiT llN 11~'')'~iT ,iT::IiTNiT llN pn1' ::IPY' 11111miT ,,'n'iT 111IV'::I11' 111iT ll11V,nlliTiT llN' 11'~1l10'NiT iTY'~iTiTll"'n llN ,C"::I1P~iT Il'OO'~iT iTiT'~~iT 1~ I1::1N1IV 1T 111,"YlliT ,"iT,N' C'NiT l'::J I1'Y1~N"'I1'::J iTP'T :J~:{' I1!JIV,niT 11"::JPiT iT::Jtvn~iT 1~ llpJ'" iT::J iT~"~iT 11111'iT iTN'IViTiT~1 C'J1"Y 111~'1Y'

.N n!?Ol 1'IN1 - 1!?O1'l ')7 4

.N n!?Ol 1'IN1 - 1!?O1'l ')7


nu,,~ ilTIU [ ••• 1 m~~7il n~m~ Kn'K 1::J' '~'n1 K7K [K1i1 1"~ KIU"i'1 il"~'i' '~i' 'i"Yi11 rrnrn C) [Kiil 1"~1 il"~ K"~~ cmi'~' ["'-7311 ''''31 ')'lUil Cil '::J m~Kil m::Jl~ 'n' 'il~ C'IUi'~~' c'on'n~ C"~'7il UK [1::J 7311 ::J"Y ,mi'~'il n-n Cil7IU 7K l'l' K'il ill '::J 77::J 7D~7 "OK ilny n~Kil 1K il"nil Cil7 il'il K7 CilIU nmt ,nKl1"::Jl) ,m' ~m 'N1' ,~ '1'~nil7' il"~ N"~il::J i'~1nil7 1"lIU il~ CK '::J [ ••• 1

B.(n::J ,~IU"

ClUil n1'~Y '::J'1~' rrmn il"'il~ C'J!)iI-7!)::J' n'n"o~iI mK'l~7 n,on"nil~ m'JlUiI m'~IU' ,'iI,m 'DIU!) 1'~'7' ,'Y~DiI 1'1' ,"IUUK n::J' ,'nY1 ~'IU" T'~IU il1)JiI~ C'l~'J ,"IUUK n::J~ il7Y~7' ,'n"~IU)iI mDIU!)ni1' ,'mK'l~~ 7'D'~' 1'~7 ,ilT~ ,'ilN"', 'i',n ,'Y::JOil 1'1::J K7lZi il7") iI,y~n" 'Y'iI 'l'iI 1l~' ilK~il 'm~il7ni1' ,'iI"nil m"o 1'~'7' i"1lil rrnn 7lZi illZi'~') '::J1~ "D~7~ i'7n::J i'nl' ~i'Y' " 7IU "~n::J~ C'J'1J en .ilT~ 'mDIU!)ni1' CIU~ Y'1'iI ,'il7Kil c' J!)iI-7!)::J7 n' JY Jil ,i"1lil rron 9 .C' J!)il- n7'!)::J ,n'JK"'7i1 il7~i'iI rmee 7IU iln'nlUm "l~i11 ,'C'l~l" 'ilY'!)IU' 'K ,'mi'7nOil" 1'~ 7 1'n'il mlU'~ n' Jm'iI m7Y nrym n'DO'~iI m11':Jnilil l'~IU nn~7 ili"l::J iI~i"nil 10.C'::J'iI mlU' 7IU C"~lZi)iI C'::J'l7' n'l'Kil iI"'il7 mlU'1'iliI' n"'~'lil rnrunn n::J,n n'OD0i'N m",ynil' rrm mlU,nnil l'J nn~iI nN C'!)i'IU~iI ,i'nl' ~i'Y' " 7IU "'~1 7lZi C'J'~lUiI nuIU 'il71U~ '~n::JJ ,n'm~nil m~'m~i11 n'm,o~iI m)O~iI m'~IU 1'~7 m"i'~ nN mlY 1'~ 7 U'~ "')illU ilYIU::J "milJiI n!),i' n n'IUK'::J ,iI'IUY-ilJ'~lUil ilK~iI mil~iI cy 11'~nil N'iI 11 iI!)'i'n::J .m,',nN cmn nK' i"'lil 7IU mK'IUi11 m'::J~o n'DO'~iI ,m7ynry7' 1'n'iI m'::JY71il ili"l il7 IU'IU Y~i" n'i"1lil iI)ilJiIiI 7IU ilmy~lU~ :il'li'~ '1 m'JIU nncu mY1,m .il1YiI milJiI~ iI::J"::JiI m',nK7' n7~'i'~iI m'0~7 jm "'::J'l '::J'l~ 1"317 P C) 1"l 1N 'n' 'n'i"::J1~ il7Y~7 N'iI ,m'1 'i"Y i"1lil run-r

,'11'11' 111JIJ01 OIP'~O'IJ' ,C1?W '~ :OIN' ,11'm101J0I 111J1J0? l1'~O'IJOI 111w,nl10101 1'J nlllJOI l1?NW? 8

.35-9 '1J)1 ,0I"7Wll C'?W1" ,0I'?1J01 OI?JpOI Ill::lOl::l '10' 'P'£1

OIl£1lJ::I ,'1l" ;n)1-TO '1J)1 ,00"Wll ::I'::IN-?l1 ,111,'onOl 0"£1::1 ,'::11::1 'IJ :OIN' ,111"On::l P"lOl m111 ?)1 9

Ada :251-248 '1J)1 ,CW ,0I'?1J01 OI?::IPOI Ill::lOl::l '10' 'P'£1 ,'P"lOl' ,C1?W '~ :225-221 '1J)1 ,111'1'01 Rapaport-Albert, 'God and the Zaddik as Two Focal Points of Hasidic Worship', History of rrnrc C'J1')1 - 111"On::l P"lOl ?W 1111011J?' ,Y"W OIP::I' iRetigion, 18, no. 4 (1979), pp. 296-325

" '::I11J::I 111,'onOl IllWIJ' ,?N~l '~ :378-365 '1J)1 ,(1960) 18 ,'?11J ,'pOJT'?1J l?IJ'?N " ?W P"lOl ,11"::1)101 0I~'0'::I'l1NOI ,0I'£1101?'£1? '1~P1' 'N11101 l1?::IP CW? '1::1'n ,'1W"1J 11'::11 POlT'?1J l?IJ'?N ,N1::11J ,n"?Wll C'?W1" ,11')1'1J 0I'1'0I1J ,POlT'?1J l?IJ'?N ',? l?IJ'?N C)11l ,7"lOl :::I"?Wll C'?W1"

A. Green, 'The Zaddik as Axis Mundi in Later Judaism', Journal of the American :24-19 'IJ17

rrt :l111::1 ,'0'1::11l')1::1 l1"'OnOl OI~OIlOlOl' ,'ll'oN 'w ;Academy of Religion, 45 (1977), pp. 327-347 ,01"100'01::1 11')1? ')1'Wl101 OlJ::I 1)1IJW101W 111Nl'0I Y::I1P) C'IJ1701 111'?111::11 ?N'W' 111'?111::1 0I'::In1

.134-121 'IJ)1 ,00"JWll C'?W1" ,(,"JWll OIJ1ln

1110W£11lO1" 1'::1' ;?"lOl :OIN' '1)1 .::1 P'£1 ,00nnOl ,'1N'?N :OIN' ,pnl' ::Ip)1' " ?W P"lOl m111?17 10

l1'm::lnOl 111N'lIJOI 1'::I? l1'lm,OI 010'£11101 1'::1 ::I10'POI - "111'IJW~::1 C~ OI::101NOI 111ofq£1nOl" 1'::17 "111'IJW~0I

?::I1' '£10 ,1'?1£11 TlJWN ~OImJ ,(C'::I'1)1) "O?',IJ ')11 'POlN'l'1o 'n ,?0,::1 " :l111::1 ,'l1"'OnOl 01'1",::1

.241-209 'IJ)1 ,~"lWll C'?W1" ,P1'IJW Nln?


[71 161 7'n 7N 7'n~ il7'Y m'il7' 1'~n iI"~ N"~il n'i"::J1~ C1Nil n1'il7 N1i1 'P'Yil rum .(Ui' ,iI::J10 ,nNl 11'::Jl) urun m110 l'lZiil'1 1,~n' 1~ i'~1i1'

lZi1!)lZi!)1 il~1IUm ilN"~ C'~Y!)71 711) n1::Jil7nm iI::JilN~ C'1~1Y C'~;I!)7 rum '::JI N"::J N1i1IU 1'Nil 77::J 1~lY ~1IUn7 N7IU ,ill~ ilJ1'7;1 ,m' ill"~ 1U'1 ,1'IUY~

.(1'i' ,1n17Yil::J ,CIU) 1K~ C1lY m::Jil7nil1 m'~lUlil n1DIU!)nil~ [CN

il17 m1N m1' iI::J1J ,IUN 1'~n' 1'J!)7 il~'7IU ilJ1lUn::J ::J1IU7 ill1'il C1Nil ilJiI lilJn~1 [ ••• J 'n' mJilN iI::Jil7 IUN::J 1J'J ,y1J n1'iI' iI,y~nil 1"N N1J' '1N' C11P~ ::J1IU'::J )ilm~ C1KIU iI~ ilJil1 [ ••• J nY1i1 ::J~1U'1 'IUUK n::J~ il7Y~' n"~1'n m1'~::J iI';I::JnJ lilJnil7 f!)n il~1IUn 7;1Jil1 i"1lil iI'illU iI~' [ ... J D!)IU~ N'i'J nY1i1 YJDiI 1'1::J N7lZi IU!)J m'o~::J i" [ ••• 1 D!)lZi~ N'i'J U'N YJDiI 1'1::J N'lZi il711lil

.(1::Ji'-1::Ji' '~y ,11'::Jl nKl)

C'::J'1 1il'J'J ,n'DDOi'Nil n1"1ynilil mlUil' nmlUil C'::J'1~ iI::Jn'iI~ 11 i'nl' ::Ji'Y' " nN 1mJ I1N N1i1 .n7::J1i'~iI n'DO'~il m,o~iI 1~ n1l,mil ,n'tlO'~U'tlJN iI~'J m7Y~ :ilK"iI C71Y7 n1::J'1n~iI 1'~7 il::JilNJ il11::J;l7 ilil'~::JiI 1'::J ili"lil

"1yn~lU::J '::J CiI'1' 731 'iI::J m~1U7 CK'Jil7 n1'~lZilil n"Nnil m7YiI' 1',l ilJil1

nK ::JilN" m::J1t1i1 7::J 1::JIU m::J1t11 7N m~~1' JlUn' m'~lUl 'J'JY~ C1N' il::JilN

7 .(iI::J '~y ,11'::Jl nNl) m'~lZi)iI 1i'n~ N7'~~ ilTY il::JilN 11N~ 'n

C1KiI illUYJ [il1'-7YJ '''31 '::J 1l N'i'J ilJ,lUn '::J '~N 'Jn~n' Ntln::J' UIU"!) rum 1l~ N~ i'lUni11 C'~IU m1JY7 711) plUn 1"llZi 3111'1 illU1n iI"::J ilny 17UIU 1~::J 1l nn n1::JiI,nilJ 11::J1Y7 'n' 'il7 C1~n '7 1nu '~N 'Jn~n' NDn::J1 rm Y'iI 'It'iI "::J1) 1lt N'i' J [y'iI 'It'~ J '''ill'~ NJlZi i'lZim nrr+n 11lZi' '1::J " J::J nN1 11'ilN nN

.(N!) '~y ,1l ,n~N

1'1i1 'lZi iI'n171::J) n::Jn'iI 1'J7 m10~iI '1'-731 c'1m1~iI m'1::Jlil m'~IU l'::J C'tI::J'iI ,n11l~1 rmn cmn~ m'1nil il11::JY 731 n1::J~nom n'titlOi'N il11::JY n1ylt~NJ n'J1i'~il NtI::J~ N1i1 .i'nl' JPY' " 'IU m::J'n::J 7"::J~ nN C'J"!)N~ ,il11i1J nlU~~n~1 ,::JY::J m~'JiI m'1i'~ nN C~lY 1m~ 17'llZi ,c"n1 C'1U1n~1 C'Ji"DO'~ 'IU m"~1~ 1n1'~ l"lY

:iI'!)-7Y 17Y!)1 n'm10~iI m::J~oil

::J1t1 N1i1 ill C) ilJil1 ,iI"::J N'1JiI mi"::J1~ 3111' U'N1 1::J7 iI,m::J i'01Y N1i1lZi ,~ Nln71!) n'7 'il11J1 C"!)O::J Nn'N1::J n1p'J1 N1i1 'i"Yil '::J 7::Jil '~l 1::J7 ill1'N 1N


m,o~n 'IV nIV,n nN'1p n1'11~ ,,'n'n 'IV l1l;"n::J 11"'nll~n ,11'~~Opl'tn m'IVpllnn 11K ,11l0, ~K O'I1Y" o'IV,n n.:lnln"'O'!l' "~,, ',:::l n::J IV" ,mN'~~n 'IV nJ'IV n"K"

.11'::J,p~n l1'm'O~n ,1,n 'IV ,'o'n"mmn :On'l'::J ,O'.:IIV'~ "IV::J ,"Y' 1'~N:::l ,"1::J'::J nl':::l~n - '~~OpNn "o'n 1'::J nll~n m~IV!ll1n' ,'mp'::J" ,'m::Jil'l1n' ,'IV!ll m'o~' ,'Y::J~n ,1':::l K'IV :1",.:1 :11Y::Jll' ,':1::J:1K' ,':1K1IV:1' ,'m~~Ullil' ,'mK'~~~ "~'::J' ,'IVK rn-rr ,'m1IVpll:1' ,'m'Y!lI1:1' ,'m'~IV.:I:1 ,'",', '7'::J.:I' ,'I1Y1:1 ::J'IV'" ':1N1" nl':::l~:1 - '::J'~~1U:1 1'0':1 ,'::J, - ':1Y'::Jl'l ':1Y'!lIV' , lllV~ 1Kl1l~ - (,:::lP , 1:::lP '~Y , ,'1:::l1 llKT) 'pW, ':1PW ,':11'11 1m',' ,",:::l" 'o,~~~' ,'::J7 ,m~IV!ll1m mIV1nll:1 ,m~:::lO'~:1 m'110 ,m"::J.:I 11~'1!l l'::JIV nll~:::l :~::J~"m1,pl 1::J1::J '~m~'K llY1"7'P'1V T'::J nll~:::l' :O,~~~, m':::lIV~il ,0"P:1 m'~IV ,m"::J.:I 11::J~:1 m'~, m!l'!l:::l T'::J7 , '110ln ':1'K:1 T'~'7 llUY':1~ :1'1)7:1 ,:11'::JY:1 'IV 11'~0'~:1 :1my~IV~ "~'::J:1 1(':1 :1::J:1K:1 .:1'.:Il:1 ':17Kn i'~17 110n"I1~:1 ,11'm1'1IVn 11'::J'~~1U:1 11:::l1Y~7 n1~Y::J ,1110ln ':171(:1 i'~1:1 'IV 11ll:1~ 1::J1::J 11'~m~'1( :1Y1:::l:1::J 11'.:1'1:1 ,11' :1K1':1 "'1(' .11'111:1 :1"IVY:1 m:1~ 'IV llIV1'n~ :1:::l1Y:1::J' ,:1:::l~':1' on'::J 11"I("'::J"l'l( il1~y llK~::J~' ,::Jl1l:::ln ~IV!l::J 0'7.:1:1 ,:1'.:Il:1 'n7Nn i'~17 llUY':1 I1!lPIV~:1 ,1', "~'::J 1(':1 1::Jyn lllV'1P ?Y IllYIVl:1 ,117::J'P~:1 m'O~:1 oy :1~:::lom l1'm7:1:1 :1~1U' on'::J l1'l1~IV

.m':::lIV~:1:1 Ol1l'~ 'Y' 'I1IV:::l 1'0' ~IV!l i'::J '1::J:1:1 mY~IV~::J 0.:1 1ll.:l'y~ :1::J:1I(' n1(1' i'::J 11'1U'l:1 :1p'm

:11~Y:1 .U~~ 11::J"nll~:1 7"~Uil"I1P" Ill(, 7N:1 i'~1 llN m!lpIV~:1 ,l1mIV I(~m"m'~y 'N ','~n 'IV "IV'::J"7 110n"l1~il ,11:::l'l1l~m llY~~1?:1 11'111:1 :1p'm llN m~"~ llnl(:1 :1"lIVn n1~Y:1 '7'N' .::J11l:::l:1 ~IV!l::J 0,7.:1il 'Nil i'~1' llUY':1 11'7.:1l:1 :1111l::J P'O'Y::J :11('1 il1'::JY:1 llN :1N'1:1 " ,"'~il 'IV '!lU', 110n"l1~il ,11'Y~~N"'I1'::J:1 :1p'm llN I1!lPIV~

::1111l:1 nou::J 0".:1 U'NIV 'Nil T'~1' llUY':1:::l I1'P'::J1' :1::J:1N::J

N" ,1'~11 :11,Ilj POYIV ,~, :11'11 1'~" 0'7mN ::JIV" OIl IV'N ::JPY" ::J'm rum m~?'y, )llYll 0'1.:1" m~1 mIVY" 'N m~~'1::J ::J'IVn, il::JilN' [ ... ] mp'::J'::J

:1~] IV"~ [IV'1'!l] "!l i:::l' 1'Oil 7IV IV'::J' Kl:1IV :1~::J PO'YIV ::JPY' K1Pl ,O'l",y llY?l1l N1Pl :11'1'1:1 '~IV!l::J PO'YIV ,~ ':::l 7N1IV' '11~ ::Jpy' llY?l1l 'N'11 'K [::Jl1l:::lIV 'N1IV' N1Pl 'N11t'" [ ... ] :1.:1'11~:1 ~'O N':1 ':::l ::Jpy i'IV7 ::Jpy' ,:1!l::J N7N ,n:::l i'KIV

1'Oil::J N'il 1n N?':::l :1"::J,p, Kll"1'NIV 0.:1:1 ':::l 1t"::J7 N?::J K1'::J:1 mp'::J1::J N'illt'

.('~ '~Y , i'1:::l1 llNT) Izm7~ N':1 ~1t'!l:1::J i:::l i'NIt' :1~ :17U~

0'71'~ 0'i"'lIr.11:l 'l1'N,,. - ow O'NJ'r.I;' ,'Wr.lW, "Nr.I' 7l1J ,lr.l7i' C'r.I'l,7i' " 7W "'J, .119-118 0;"7l1 ;,,'W :-Jl':lW;', 111'l!)1~ 'W':J7r.1r.1 O'~W!)'r.I ;'r.I:-J1 0'l"7l1 111r.171)1J Or.lllll O'i':J,r.I 0111';':J1II ,;,nn;, ,"N'7N ;;'1N" .1'7:J,7r.1 mm;, 711 0':JC1r.1 - '111" l1l11 111N'Jl ,:J,r.I 0;"!)1 Ol"~ 1111r.1 111:J'r.l1

.49 ;"lI;' ,448 'r.llI

[9] [8]


il:::l'1:::lil 11'~0'~:1 11"Yllilil llN I1~Y~ N'il ,11'1'!l~~ l'IV' '~pU::J' .(~, ,N~" ,I1N1 ,,1:::lT) rme ?"l:::l 11"~IV.:I:1 m~It'!lI1:1 i'IV? :1~7~l 1'!l~:::l U'IV!ll':::l mKl1l~:1 ,m'~IV.:I:1 I1~IV!ln::J 11?'~l' 11"~1N:1 Omll? :11'1':1 OY ,(N' '~Y ,i'1:::l1 llN1) 'nm O?'Y? IVIV,n U'N' 1"N::J ,(.:I:::lP '~Y ,'YO~ ,11~N '1::J1) 'O"Yil7 Y!lIV "IV~:1?' mNnOU::J llY::Jpln ,11'~IV.:I m'1nN 11~It'!lil .(N~ '~Y ,1:1::J ,Olt') '7N1IV' 11'::J'~ "IV~:1' [ ••• ] 7K1IV' ?Y 0'~n1 IVP::J?' 'I1'K .n::J"n~:1 11'?N'~'1'!l0 :1~111:::l 'Y::Jpl ,:1T~ ,11"~It'.:Iil 7N :1:::lIV~ilil1 ,:1T~ ,m'~It'.:I:1 m:1::J:1::J U1 "1::J1 .nnn '~~Y Nl:1IV 11'~O'~il mOlllilil 011,n::J mY'::J~ "il' 1::J?::J il.:lill:1il"'0'!l1 '::J.:I? :1l~~ ::J"nll~::J' ,il::J il,nIV ,11'~~1'1:::lil ilN1IVilil ?IV ilmy~IV~ i'N I1'P'::J1il m11~ ':::l' :1'::J'~il ?7:::l' ilK1'il:::l l1lY111l::J '0!l1ll N7' ,:11Y:1 ?IV I1'P'1~il llN1'il '~:::l 1nK i!l'N::J .:Iillllil7 "1~1t' O'I1Y It" ':::l [ ••• ] n7,.:I0 '1'n'::J ON ':::l ,:::l 7:::l N~~l

11.(.:I7p ,::Jpy ,Olt') 'il7UO '1'n' 7Y 'Np 1'n' i'lt'? rm ?"l:::l :1YIV 'llt'::J' il1IVY":1l'~IVil ilN~il 'il?lt'::J ,mnJ:1 mlIV::J ,0'::J1::J "1::J1 'y1UIV ilYIV~ O?,N m'!l1.:1 "::J'~'Nil "I1'~'IV11t' ilYIV::J p~ ,nN" ,il1IVY"YIVllil ilN~il 'IV 0'l'IVK1il 0'1'IVYil ?Y - "11'1'11 ':::ll:)il 12,'I1~N '1::J1', 'I1NT Tl1:::lT' ,'Tl1:::lT llN1' "11:)0::J 1'N 'K1 ,'mIV11' m1'0'il 11~'Y? m'~~OpNil llU'n::Jil ?Y' m1'::JY::J 01Kil 'IV O'l!lil"I1"!l:::l inurcrn

• i'?'!l 11'1'On::J OIV:1 111'::JY::J' 11' 111il :1::JIVn~::J 1'0'il m:::l1Y~ , lllV? - 0"::J'~~1Uil 11'!l'!l:::lil1 '::J'~~111il Omllil llY'1' 'N ,ilN1'::J il1'::JYil ,pn~' ::JPY' '1 ?IV 'I1!lPIVil '!l"?Y '1'"?Y mIV:::l'l' m?m'~ ,11'1'::J'~il 'my~IV~? llUY'ilil 1~::J ,:17.:1l:1 pm?, 11l'~il 1'0" .7?:::lil llN ::J"n~' 0'::J1il m1t'1::J ,,~~ ,m,o~::J 1::JY'~il Y1'il mY~~N::J ,1l"il1 ,'ilY'~IV' 'i"7Y i'~1 mIVil' 'K ,11'111il il1Nilill 11'~~OPNil m1IVpll:1il 'N ,il::JilN::J :11'::JY:1 "'N' .1'n'il l1'IV1::J 11'~0'~ llm'::Jll:1 mY~~N::J 'N ,':1'K1' '1'"?Y mY1U ,'il111lil m1'0 "7'.:1'1 ,il7::JPil i'IV7::J ,'11111l::J 0'11l'~ 01Nil ?IV '~?'Y::J il'Kil 0'1~~il 'lIV i'::J l'?~'lil"'On' , 1~'Y' Y'::Jp:1 1'0'il 1'::J on'il 1111l:1:1 Cl" lY' ,'11'1'N" 'C',:::l':l 'N ,'ilY'I:)It", 'O'~~~':::l 1t'1nll~il 1'0'il i'::J? ,0'::J1il m1t'1::J '1pm ,ilY'::JP l1'lIV1!l mlO~::J' p,n::J ,m,o~::J ?m'~il 11'11t'Pllil 'IV :1~mn::J Y'::J~' Y::J~? 1::J~~ "~~il ,il1'~' 1'Y'1t' ':l~ l1,nil ,C1N:1 'IV ,m1::J 11'~~OPNil il1'~I1:1' ,il1Nilil ?IV 11'?ll'~'~Nil il'"nil 11~~'Y .0'l"?Y m~?'y? 11'~~OpN m'~K' ilP'T::J' 7Npm' i,m? ilT'~1::J "1::J1::J m1Nl1l~ ,:1NIVU ?It' 11l;,,:1::J 11??'n~ K'ilIV

:'111Y 'l:l 'l1:)7 ,O'~IV~ ,? O'?~Nlil ,:11m '1::J1

m:lil?l1ill il1'l1il?IV m'l!il '''y [CN ':l] N":::l 1:11' N71t' [1t"1'!l] "I:) m"~~ It'N m'lJ ?'1lil m'r:1il ,? N'::J'IV 1Y 1::J1' K?1t' -e [ ... ] il'" .n::Jil?1t' N1Plil il":1 N1'::Jil l1:1ilN 13,(n' '~Y ,i'1:::lT llNT) 'm7?~~ il~~Y::J It'N m'l]il N'illt' m:lil?l1m

.7i' 'r.llI ,JPlI ;l1NI 1"::l1 :Ol ;'N" 11

.N n!)Cl ;'N' - i'nll' Ji'lI' r 7111 "'!)C 711 12

,112-111 'r.llI ,(;'i"~C'r.I:l111"Cn;, ,r"l11 !17;'7l n"::lWl1 0'7111'" ,;'i"~C'r.I:ll1"'Cn;, ,r"w ;'i'J, m,w;, 13


U'N[tv::l J C'~Y!l7 N';' ;,:mN;' '::l ;'N"~ ,'O? C'l" C.l'Ntv C'tv!l'tl tv' '::l '10n? ?tlU '?'!IN tv!l.l;' ?::l:l Nm, ;':l;'N rrrren '::l [ ... J m:l Nl"::l' r"'~1n:l NP'1 P1P1~ ,nN? ,? 1~1m CN "!l ,;'?!lm y~tv 11N"P:l NP'1 tvtv,n U'N' ?".l:l tv~~ tv!l.l;' 11N '7 ;'N'.l CN 'N ,c'n:ltv:l 'N 111'P:l1:l POlY N,m ;''':l N":l;' 11:l;'N ?':ltv:l l~m 'l'tv c,,;, ,;'?!lm y~tv 11N"P N'P' N7 CN '1'11' rm 11n.l i':l11' P.l!l? ?'Y!l'tv 11~N:l' ,'1'11' ml' ?'Y!l? N":l;' 11:l;'N ?':ltv:l tv .l'Y c,tv ?y tvtv1n '.l'N 1n':l'~y,;, Ctv? ";,, "tvy~ 7:l ;'11 ,;,~tv? ;',':lY ;'?'1'" [':l:l7:l ;'l" ?N;,J 'Y:l N:l'7 N.l~n'

14,(1:lP-":lP ,on.l!l ,11NT l":lT) C'~tv

l!l'N:l ;'Y":l~;' ,11':l'tlP":l,O;' ;'311111;' 7tv ;,?ptv~ 11"?Y m::l'.l ?'y? C'tltl'l~;' C":l1:l ,11tv1n11~;' 11'.ln,,;, my~tv~;, 11N ;'!l"Y~' C';'?N 11":131 ?tv ;"'N';' ;,m;,~ 11N '~mtl'N ;'Y':l;';' .11?:I'P~;' m'o~? '.lP'P';' m-srn Ntln;, 11N" '.l!l-?Y ,11'111 ;,"tvy 7:l~ ;,?,y;, ,m'o~;,?tv ;'1~Y~ 11N C"Y'Y~;' ,C"7N'1':I'1J'N C"?N'tl"'!lO C,?,p'tv '!l-?Y 11'tvy.l l'Y~ C"~mtl'N C,?,p'tv:1 :1tvn11;" ":I~ 11':1'tl~'U;' ;,"tvv;, 1'11":1,, 11N 11V:1'P V'1'::ltv 'O'!l1 l':l? 11n",;, ;,~'U;, l':l ?tl':l~ N? n117') I:JP11tv~ pnl' :lPY' " ?tv "':l1:l .;'?N 7?:l Ntln 11N"~ m?, '~?11:1? ;'l" U'Ntv ,~ runr :mtv"!l~ '~'N N';' .;'.l~~ ;,,,',n;, N":l;'? ':l7:l 'P'y;, [CN ':lJ N":l tvtv1n U'N ;':l;'N:l ':l [ ••• J ;':l;'N? N:l? ,? 'tv!lN 'N l"N? tl?nm;, ;'1~Y~~ N'!lN 11'n1.l 11':l'tl~'U;' m'y~;, .(1::lP ,on.l!l ,11NT rrcn ';''':l 11'tltl0PN;' m"'Y11;'? ;'?!ltl, 11'.ltv~? 11:l!lm, ,11,.,tlO'~' m'?N'tl"'!lO ;"'~-11'~N ?tv

:;':l m:l":l;' 11"~mtl'N;' 11'Y':l;'?,

,[,:l ?:lJ :l":l '~lY ,,~tv? ,"l ,.l'N ,;'N";' C?'Y~ Nl ;''':lP;' ,? '~N ?'" ;'11

,'7N ;'7!ltl ;'N";' ;";'11' ml' 11"tvy' mp':l1:l POlY P' ;";'11 ;'11Ntv '1'11' :l,tl 'P'y;, ;':l;'N:l CN ':l ;",~tv, ?,:l,,? NP" ;'N";' "31 ;";' N? [ ... J ,~y ;";'N ':l

.("~ ,m~tv ,11NT l"::lT)

C':l'Y;'-C?lO 11N '~mtl'N l!l'N:l Y':lP7 ;", 11~;' ,11'?N'tl"'!lO;' ;'!lptv;':l ;'.l,~tl;, 11".,n;, " ?tv ,m111:l ;'l~~ "tl':l ,,'? ;'N:l ,tv,n '10:l C'.lHV;' ":l':l'~ 11N "~Y;'?' '.lm,;, O'tl.l'N;' l':l? ':l'tl~'U;' O'tl.l'N;' l':l ;,,'n:l;' 11".,n 731 1100':l~ 'T ;"111 .pnl' :lpy' "':l1 .C;"J':l on';' 7tv 11'~mtl'N ;'Y':lP ?y, ,C'N;' ?tv ,m':lY ?'?:l~:l '?N'tl"'!lOil ;,~tv:ll:ltv ,;,'m7':l" 11l"!l1':l7 m'o~;, ?tv ;,?~y 11?:lP l':l n11~;' 11N 11"';':l:l C'!lPtv~ 111Y'-?'P'tv I:JP111:l 'N ,C'~tv Ctv? ;,tvy~ ,;,~ 11'tv'N;' ;'Y':l;';' 11".,m C';'?N m;'N ?tv

;JK7JJ ,JJ In'11IK'11I P!lO l'K 0?1K ,;JnO'11I!l ','on? ??J ",J Onl'7J ;J?'!lIm ,m'K );JJ7J 14 ;J!l',n;J rrrumnn ?lI1 n','on;J m107JJ ;J?'!ln;J '1n'K ?lI .1'?J1?7J rmnn mlnJ ;J'11Il1-;JJ17J11I;J o','on ,'POl?'1 '7J :';J?'!ln 17JT ,m'K ,;J?'!ln' "lI,nn!l7JJ ,;Jp'tlO'7JJ n1"On;J ,1'''111 :;JK' ,"1l1111

.';J'J"1 ;J'J7JT ,;J?'!ln;J nOllJ 0"ll'11I ;;J?'!ln' "lIJ ,nn!l7JJ ,?"11In 0'?11I1" ,J ,O")Jn7J1




rnspn ,m?':l" 11:ll;' ,;'N" Cy ,,:lJ ,;'7"J;' ';'7N;' l'l':l 'N ,tv'::177,)::1 ,tltv!l:l p'o'y;, 117:l'P~;' ",;, ?tv ;"O'!l' ?Y ;",~tv, C"P;' "0;' tv,tv'N ,11"~'n::1 p"p, ,1111l~ 7Y ."31'31 N77 ;':l m~'7";' "O';'-11,m;, 117:lP' m'o~;, ?tv 11'N7'Y;' ;,m:l~O m:l;' I:JP111::1 ,;':l;'N~ 11pJ,'n ,11'N~lY ", 11Y'::1P Cy ,tvpJ ,'110J;' 'n7Nnl'l':l 'N ,,'O:l p,o'yn '?'N' ,11~"O~ ;"'~:l 11,n!l? ,;':l 11'~'7" ,';,tv ", ,tv!lJ m'07.)' m'7.)tv,,;, mtltv!l11;' ,mp':l' 'r"!l7' c"pn C',:l,;' "0 11N '11107 mym ,11n",n c"nn ", ?tv "o';,-mnJn117'7tv ;'N,'n ", ?Y ':l' ::1'7.)'7.):l C'!lP11tv7.);' ,;':lnN7 ;'N" l':l :l'tl'pn, ;',,,J;';' .C'7.):lO'~ m7':l" ,(O-tlJ '7.)31 ,C'?ptv ,11NT l":lT) '7'''117.) l:l' :In'117.) N,n n:lnN:l ,'7.)lY C'N Cl7.)l7.) N,n "0;' '7.),nn:l11'7.)l7.)tlln ,11"7.),n:l p"p, ,;,tl,tv!l:l ;"'11 m'7.)tv l':ltv n117.);' 11N C'Ntl:l~ ,C'tv,n ;':ltvn7.) '7.),n117 mtltv!l11;' ,11'P':l' ,;':li1N l':l7 ,i1m ,'7.)m'tli1 ""l? m'l' C"j,'i1 11':l'OJ:l 11'7.)mtl'N ny':ln '!l-7Y m":lY ":1317 '11i11 7:l,p~n "nu:"I l~ 11Utv? rnvn C7ptv7.) ,:l,:l nY':li1:l i1:l,,:l n11'ntv ,11""7.)11i1n11N C'!lPtv~ i17N C',""J .m7.) ,mJ11tv7.) C'Ntl:l7.) c" Ci1 .c" Jtv,n C"?N'tl"'!lO 11"'0" C" 11"07.) C":l'tl~'U 11"'0' ?tv 'on'il C"Pi1 ,'O:l m'nN' , m,o~n c?,yn 7tv 'm:l~O 117:lP l':l 771n11ntv 'tlp7N',n :1'tl'j,'n11N 11'Y7.)tv7.) 'U'tv:l n:l":l' ,11tv,n117.) m:l7.)07.)' 11'tlO'7.) i1N,tvn7.) 11Y:lUi1 1'11"'31 11ni1 1':l7 111J1tvn i1,,:lYi1 ':l"7 11on" 117.)i1 il77:li1:l lil ml"7.) 'T n'''Ji1 .C":l,n ,'O:l m"~11::1' ,P"li1 m':lY 7tv m""7.)il '11tv 7tv i1''''7'!l'tl:l jm ,1i1:l i17.),7"n 11'J"PYi1 i1'7.)y7, 'u'tv 7N:l i1:li1N::1 i1":lY7' ,tl,tvEl:l :l111:lil neu m'7.)tv 7N:l nN":l i1":lY7 mOn"117.)n


",:lJ n":l N":ln7 111:lnN7;J 'N tv" iltl,tv!l:l il"11n c"p7;Jn P"l 'N 11"",7;J '.ltv tv" 'N" i1T ':l i1' ml7.)' n"11i1 C"i'7.) [l:l 7YJ :l"Y 1J1l' mtvY7 nEll7.) ::1N7 l:l:l [Nm N":ln:l 111'P':l" 111:li1N7.) ,,'tvi1 [C'7tvn "7YJ n"y [U':lN Ci1':lNJ N"N ,7;J:l, ml' ':l 11"",7;Ji1 '.ltv l':l [il7.) ilN'J'J 7.)"J, y',':l il'111n 7:l C"P 1J1l' mtvY7 i1":l ilN'J il'iltv [ ... J nytv 11N"i1 ',P7;J nn '7 i1N'J ,tvN '!l7 i1Jtv7.) C'7;JY!l7 '11' 111:l;'N7;J i1,,',,7;J l:ll'Ntv il7;J n7;Jtv7 i1,':lY N'i1 nn i11l7;J m'N 731 "::1317 '11m C'7;Jtv ":l:l7 '7

,(,,?P '7.)31 ,:li'Y ,117.)N ',:l,) N'i1 l:l N7 :l11'1:ltv n7;J ,:l'Y U'Ntv n'Jtv

,'7.)1J1tl'N-'tltlOi'Ni1 ,'O'il l':l7 '7.)1J1'tlil-'J'7.)tvi1 "O'il l':l ,11,,,,,7;Ji1 '11tv l':l i1'''Jiln ,i'nl' :li'Y' " 7tv 111:l'11:J 7:J 11N 11.l"ElN7.) ,i1:lilN' i1N" 11m:J7.)i1 i1"::1Yil ':l" , 11tv l':l 'N 731 ''''11 N"P?' m7:l'i'7.)i1 n7N7.) 11mtv il"N,-':J", 11'!lOU 11U'n:l ,'7;JYil? ilomn ntv,n m, i1:l n'!li17 ',:J ,i111'Y7;Jtv7.)-,n 731' 11n",n 11'm'07.)n i10'!l11n 7tv n11"'Y?::1

::1J'N!l'P7;J ill7n?,

tv" nN":l i1":l N":li1 11N ,:l'Ytv [tv'J rum [ ... J "N" 7N 'il 1'31 run :l'11:J run C'7n'7.)7 NP" N'il' "N"7 N'ill'Yil i111 [ ••• J n:li1N C'N7 N:l ilN"i117;J i1Ji1, ,n:lnN:l


"'~ il'D~ il~1'il il'il1'11 m::::1 1'1"IVVl 1'11i"::J1::J i'01)7 i'1 il'ill'l i11'l~1V 11'11' ::Jl~ ,'~ 1i"Yil il::Jil~::J C~ ':::I il1'~1V1 '1::J:I, ~i'1' il~1'il 11)7 n-n ~, [ ... J '~Y il'il~ ,~ 1'11::Jil'1'1il ~::J il::JilN~ ':::I il::Jil, 11)01' 1'1'::Jl nn [ ... J '''):::1 11)01' K1i') il::JilNil ,~ [ ... J l' IV'IV '~IV [ ... J '1'1' l' :my 1'1 "~1'1 1I)'01il' m::::11 ,"~1'1 il::Jil~ 1I)'01~ il::Jil~ill ~":::I 11)01' l'lK V"~ K, 1IVK nn [ ... J K"~~ ilN1'il ,~) l' IV' '1'1' " il"':1 il::JilK ilK1'il ,::::~ rnm "~1'1 l'l1V'nl'l~ il::JilKil ':::I ,IV,n ,,~ nn ,1i"Yil il::JilKil [CK ':::IJ C'~IV CIV' 1'il' "IVY~ ,:::I Kl'l'K ,K ,K1'1'1~ ':::I il'i' il1'::JY C1IV 1::Jl)7 1)'K ,::J, 1~1V IVl'i' '1IV~1'1 m~IV :I'IV~IV 11'l::Jil~ "::JIV::J ,il~IV' il1'::JY il'1':1 ~1IVD 1:::11 [ ••• J l1V11'D ,C'i"Kil IV'~ ~1i') Klill ,il1'::IY IVlVn ilK1) CK 1"DK IVlVln U'K ,1::Jl'l' 111:::1T) K"~~ ilK1' l' IV' il::JilK l' IV'IV '~1 il::JilK' il'D~ ilK1'il ':::I ,ilK1'il 'Y

.('~-:l~ ,1'11~IV ,1'1KT

'10'il 1'::J - il::JilN, il~1' 1'::J '1)')il 1'1~'::Jil 111'::J::J il'1)7 i'n::::' ::Ji')7' '1 'IV 1'1::J' '~::1 m'~IV::Jl ml0~' 1'11'::::::J ,il1'::JY~ 1'11)7)~'il::J ,il~1IV!J~ illl::::~::J Cl':lil ,101Kill 1~IV~il 1'l::JlVnl'l~ ilrKIV 1'1'~~0i'K il'1::J)7::J 01':lil ,i"11Dil1 IV'n~il '10'il 1'::1, ,m~ ,1'11'1::1lil il~::::)7 m~1!Jill'l')n11 l'lml~1'1il::Jl ilIV,n 1'1'il,K il1Kil' l'lUY'il::J ,11'11~i11 110Kil 1'11'1::1:1::1 ::Jl~'i'ill'lN C'Di'IV~il ,il'N C' j,IV1~ .ilT~ ,il1'::J)7 1'1"IV)7::J il~::::)7 1'1:::111;:' I:JN IN il1'::1)7 IVlVn~ l'lNl ,1'11'1::Jj,il-l'l::::11D 1'1'~~0i'Kil 1'11111)71'1ilil 1'::J, '11'::::ill 101~il 1'11101~ 1'1!J'~K l'::IIV ,'il'Nil11::::1' l'lU)7'il 'IV C')1IV C':ll0 ')IV:::I C':I::::1~ ,ill'l::::'1!J' il~1Uil 1'11'~IV 1'::JIV nl'l~il ')D-')7 l'lnKil ,1'il 'IV il1'11D")7 1'1~Vt!il ,::::::J CIVil 1'11l::J)7 'IV 1'11'1IVDN C':::I1' '1'1IV~ IN


::Jlt! ilIV1)71 Kt!n~ 1'mIV IV' [Klil ,11::J N11::JilJ il"::I1::Jil 11::::1 'IV1)7 ')'~ '::J IV' mil' ,[nl1 l'ln.1J 1".1 il"::J1::Jil' il'il'IV [CN ':::IJ K":::I 11'l.1ll:::1 1'NIV IV'1 ,C"i" 1'l.l~ ')7 '~1'1 t!:::: 1'11n.1~J il~1'i' u rmn 'IV il'1t:!::J C'~YD' C:l1 ilT::I C'~)7!J'1 ilT::J '::J1Y C'~)7D' ,'1::::1 [ ••• J rn ", ')7 1m' "'N ::J11i' sm 1J1::::1 "::JIV::J 1IVD.1 101~1V ,~ [ ••• J [N")7 ':::IIV ~":::I 0) ')7 '1~0' 1'K il,nl'l::J ':::I ,K il"::Jl::Jil' 1'1~K::J llV!J.1 110~' O'Kil 1n)7' O'~IV CIV' 1"il::::'il 1'l.l11:::1 O:lIV [1'1V" IV'1J ''''1 il"::Jl::Jil' ::I'il 1'11::1il'1'1i11 '::11)7 m::J 1'1~K::Jl il.1:::IO ,,:::1::1 K1ilIV C:lil IVD.1 1'111'0~::1 1")7 1::J:ll'l'1V ',:::1 i"'::::' O'Nill'lN il::JlVn~il '11t:! C'~)7D'1 [ ••• J ilK1' O'K' K::J C'~YD' rum .11'11' il"::Ji'il 1'11'::::)7 1")7 "D~1 11)7 l' 1':::Il~ ::J'il 1'11::Jil'1'1ill il::lilN::J il"::Jl::Jil '1::J)7' il::::111V~ 1::::'il ,::::~ K::JIV 101~ '1::J' 1KIV 1:::11 ill'lK il~ 1::J'::J l' 1~1Kl il1'::JY C1IV 'IV 1'11::J::::Yl on U'K 1'1~N::J 1:::1 '::J1)71V ,~ rum [ ••• J il"::J K11::Jil 11::::1~ C'Kil l'lN '::J'::I~IV Y1il mi' cy 'Onl'l~il ,'on ill'K nn [ ••• J 'ill'l::JilK "::JIV::J CUil':I::J 1'11'il, ,1t:!::::' CK C:I N11::Jil11::::1 il'il' CK CUil':I::J il'il' m::::1 1'l1IVY' il"::Jl::Jil '1::J~' [ ••• J ,,:::1 U)7~' K'1 IV"~ [1'::Jil' IV'J ,If, [1'1Nl::J1J '1::J1 [1::J::J'::J il::::11 'KilJ ')7::1 K::J' N.1~n1 1'1~N::I P1 il"::1




1il 'mil ilIV)7~il 'IV 1:::11Y 'IV l'l1V'1n~ il.1'n::J' il)7'::Jl'lil ill'l')71il ,C'Kil 'IV '~1J1t:!1Nil O!J1'l.lil ,'il~IV' il1'::J)7' :l1V1~il l'lK ,t:!u i'n::::' ::Ji'Y' '1 • 11'11~il C1nl'l::J Till 110Kil C1n1'l::J 1D"'1'l1K::::l' 1'l1::J'O.1::J ill'l1":::I::J rrnrn C1'i' CIV' 1'11~'10~ 1'1"::::~ ')7 il1'::J)7:::1 1'1111i'~::J ,'n'il 'IV 1'1'~mt:!1Kil 11'1Y1:::1il' 11'11K ,!J1ill 15, 1"-1'1'::J 'IV ilY1:::1ill l'lY'-'1i"1V 1'11::J"n~il ,'lJ"il' .1'1'::J't:!~1Uill'l:::11Y~il ')7 C"t:!t:!0i'Kil il"~il-')i' 1'1,nil 1'11Y::::~K::J ,m::::y 1'::J, U'::J ,K1il il~ ilY1:::1ilil 1K ,1'1'~0'~il ,1'il 1'::J' 1'1'::Jli'~il '1'il 1'::J ,il::JilK, ilK1' 1'::J ilY1:::1ilil 1'111'nil 'IV iln1:::1~ C'il,K 1'1::JilK 'IV il~IV::J 1'1'IVY.1 ,'C'~IV CIV" ilIVY~ ,1::J' 'IV 11'1'~N' '1i"IVil 'IV 1'11Y~IV~-'nil ,:1.1:::1 il011'1ilil 'IV iln1:::1~1 'Kil 11::::1 1'1~ '~mt:!1K 1!J1K::J )71:::1i"


ilj,1'~~ N::::1'1V 1V'1 ilK1" Nl1'::J [,1::Jl'l' ClVilJ '''lVil l'lK '::J1)71V i"':::: IV' rum '~::J1 ,::J::J, ,:::I::J "i"K 'ill'lN 1'1::JilK1 ::J'1'1:::1 il::JilK::I rum .,1::Jl'l' 11'l::JilK' K::J1 l'lKl CIV, 1'il' "IV)7~ ,:::I nn ,IV~~ ,1V!J.1 ,t:!U 1"!JK "!Jil '1'1)7~1V1 ,"1K~ ':::I::J1 ,IVD.1 C'K IV' il.1illV "D ,[K"Y :10 1'11:::11::JJ il1'::J)7 1::J" 1"!JK lilY' ,':::11' ,:::I::J rm O'~IV ,ill::J Kt:!1n ',1K 'nD1'l~1 lK1' "~1'1 ':::I il::JilK C11V l' 1'N "~1'1 1Kt:!n l'lK1' "::JIV::J rn ':::I ,il::J1il ::J1t! 1m' il::lilK::J '1::JY' 1IVDKIV:::I 1:::1 1'KIV il~ C'~)7D' ,'1:::: m rum 1"il::::'il 11'11N 1'::)l~ CN1 [ ••• J N~'n1 K,K il"::J1i' '~i' N.ln'1D 1'1" rm 1J1::::1 1i")7 ::Jil1K K'il 1:::1 ::J1IVn' il::Jil~~ 1't:!::J'1 1,'n!Jil, il'1'l 1N il)t:!i' il1'::J)7 C11V 11'l::JilN::J il1'::J)7 1"DK 1'1~K::J1 ill "::JIV::J ,t:!::J' K'1 11V!J.1 l'lK il::JilKil ,t:!U 1"DK ,IVD.1 ,:::I::J

16.(1~ ,K::J ,1'1Kl 111:::11) il'1'l il~IV'

1'1'~')!Jill'l')n11il il)11:::1il '!J-'Y l'lY::Ji') 'mil ilIVY~il1'l1':::I1Y .n 1'1"Klt:!'1'!J0 il!Ji'lVil::J Cl'l1Y~IV~::J1 1'1'::J1i'~il Cl'lN11il::J 1'1' .11::::'nil il"IVYil 'OlD' '!J-')7 K'1 ,mIV~ K1ilIV ,1'1' 1'1:::1'ilil 1'1110~il K'1 il1'::JV' il"::::~ 1'::J il)7'1:::1~il K'il 1'1'~mt:!1Nil ilY'11'lil .1'1' 1'1110~il 1'11~1Uil 1'::J1V t:!i"'!J.1li'ill'lK "n~ i'n::::' ::Ji'Y' '1 • 11'11~ill 110~il 1'11'1::J:I Cil il~ 1'1)7::11i'il 1::::1'i11IV'n~il n1:::1il1'::J' 1~IV~il n1:::1il1'::J 1N ,C"t:!O'~il C'D10':::Iil1'::J' 1'11'::J1i'~il 1'11'1'1Nil 111'::J::J 1I)"Y~1 ilK1'::J il'1::J)7il 'IV ill'l1)7~IV~ l'lN 1'1::::1n~ 111V'::J :I "O~ K1il .1'1' mil il::JlVn~::J 1'1110~' 1'11':::: 1'::J '~mt:!1~ 1!J1~::J Y'1:::1il' 1'111'nil l'lN Y::J11'l xm ;il::JilN::J il'1::JVil l'lK

:1'11'1::J:I 1'1::::'1D1 1'1't:!t:!0i'K rr=ru 1'::J' 1'11'1::J:I 1'11'~1V1

?Y ',:lY? C'llJT:'l 11J 11Jl::l C",IJ 1" n':l' :, ;'::2?;, ,C',IJIJ n1::2?;' ,C't)lllIV ,;"m ;'lIVIJ ,C"::lIJ, :;'N' 15 N'm 1',-n':l ?IV nY'-?lp'lV n:J"nlJ ;,IJIV? ;,,:lY ,C":lIJ,;, ny,? :IC?l::2) llJ"pn'lV ',::2 nmm nlp ·1111,-n1Nl1' n1:l'Ol:l ;,n1??::2:l ;"m;, C1'P? 'YlIJN C':ll'P n1l1'y,? .N"Y )0 n1::2':l1"Y ,;',:lY ,:l,? l?'llN 11 ,) '?IVIJ) 'my, ,'::2,' ?::2:l' P1011M IV1"1l? 16 nn'lJl '1J':l ,INP"ll :;'IN', .11J "IJ C'll'YO ,;'''?IZm 1'?P1':l ,IV":l";, nN11l :m1IV;, ,n','on;, m'llO:l

.(7 ;"y;, ,?'Y?) n1,'on;,


l~m ,tv:m~' C~O,~ "":1 " 1'~tv ,m'ilJ ,'Y:l~~-'1"1'Jil 'il'~il l':l1il l'J' ,m'O~il ,nuY!l ptv ,C')J"1tv~ .C'0'!l1' l:J'n1"1~ "~'J ~'il '1"11il~ C:lY ~,~ ,cmn "~'J ,~ C"O~ 1"1'l1"11~ 'T il"JY .'~il 11~ '1"1Jil~ 11~:l'YJ' C'~il ,tv 11"'J:lil-11:l1'!l m"JYJ "'11 ",tv, mTYil 111'~J il"'1"11 ,1"1'J'i'~ C'~1Y 1"1J1Y~ '~J 1'!l~? C'~il ,tv '11U1~JJ T~1~ ?~, 11?J'i'~' ilJ':l' m:lo~ ?~ 1"1JJ'J1"1~:1 my,mJ' m"~"'J"J'~il " 1"11Y'~il:J

.C~O,~, 1,m

"1'il1il1"1~ '~~'J' J'-"?':lJ 'J11~Jtv ,i'n:l' Ji'Y' '1 ?tv 1"11'!l':I"J'~'~il "1"11~'tv'J ~" '1'i'~il1mO'JJ ,U1:l' 1:J1n ,'O!l,J, ,O'!l" l~'J:1' :1J"~ ,m~ ~?tv ,'~:lY l'J' U'J 1"11'Jtv ,tv :11"1'Y~tv~? J~1'~ '~J1"11~ "~'J il"Y ,il~'1Y 1"11J1Y1"1il ~", m~~tvil il1"11Y~tv~J ,11'i"':lil il:lilJilil ?tv il'J!l-?!l~J C'~'1~ ":1tv C'~J'" m:":1J 'T 11"J'1-J1 1"11tv,n11ilil1'J ili"Ti1 'Y ",J,J 1T 1"11'Jtv 11!li'11tv~ "Y .11'mJn:1 :11"11J"n~J' 11'~O'~il '1 18.m'0~il 1"11"J:I, 1"11'~:l'il:1' J'1"1~il i',nil m'~tv l'J' 1"11"J:lil-11:l'1!l' 11'Jm'il il~Ttv ?J'i'~~ ,1"11i"J" :1Jil~J il"JY? 1:J0~Jil '111 tv'n~~ 1:1 '~IY :1~' i'n:l' Ji'Y' rrneen C"Y ,'11J 1"11Jtv?, tv,n, '~tv'il1i"~0'~~' ,'N"1"1'~~'1 mtvil" 11'il?~ :1~'tvil' l:Ji'mJ il~"J il"JY? tv1"il? J"nil 1'J':l"n"tv~ jrn ,11'~O'~il '1"110J11il 1:Ji'11"1~ ~'il .C"Jm1i11 C"~tv:lil il'~1:l' :I'~'?' 'm'O~il C"Yil 1"11"J:lJ il'Y :I'ilJil? 'mJ"n~ 1'!l'Oil ",~~ 1"1~ ~1i" ,il'~ C"~~ 11~':I~il ,i"':lil ,tv m',mJ 'T 1"11'Jtv ,tv il~'i'~J l' C""'il111'JY 1'J C'ltv'!lil '1tvi'tv 1tvi'il nrrn "tv ~:l'~il-m'i'J ."~J' 1'!l'0~ '~'i'~il 1tv~ m'Yil1~tv~ l~tv~il '1'i'~ :1?~' i"O!lil '!l' ,ctv ilJ'~tvil 11~'tvil1'J? m'Yil ptv~J '!l-'Y ", tv1!l1"1il ill 1tvi' , ", '11"ilJ .(~~ ,n' '~tv) 'C""'il 111'JY iltv~ '!l-'Y 'i'1S '111'JY ?Y JO'~~ ,(il~ ,~~ ;J~ ,:1~) 11mtv 1!lOJ C'!lOU C'i"O!l '!l-?Y' '~TJil i"0!l:1 m'Yil1~tv~' '1"11~ 1"1~!l'il ,1"1'i"J,J, ilJil~J ,tv'il "~'JJ ,m'JYtv ,tv"i'J mIV~il ",~ m:li1~ n'~~ ?':l~~ ~'il' ,'J 1"1J~'IV C':1?~ 11IV"i'IV i"'l? ,U"il' ,ilJ'~tvil rme "'YIV

:m,y 'JJ 'Y

.C'1J' 'ltv 1"11~1' ,'1:l i"':lil rum [1"1Y" IV'I ,'" :,~ ptv~ ptv~il "'i'!l il'~ 1~'~ il'il'tv ilTJ ~:l"~' Y1 1m1il ,~~, l'Y~ ili'U~' mi11~~ 'tv!ll il'il11IV 'n~ ,~ 1':l1 1"1~?IVil "Y!l' ilm 11"11' ,'1:l "Y' , '~mJ' "'Y ,1J1"1' mtv"i' 11~'tvil' il'~ nn .1"11~'!ll' C'OJ, ?~1tv' 11y,tv11 ?'Y!l" C,'YJ '1"1' '11tv"i' 1'J:lil, 1"11~" 1"11'il' l~IV~il "'i'!l [~ ,~' 'il1"11 C'1tv' 'il "'i'!l l'tv, [~~ ,n? '~IVI l~tv~:1 "'i'!l 1"11~'!lJ' C'OJ ?'Y!l? ill ,1'J U"Y U~IV~ 1"11'il? C:I -e 1"11'Yil1~tv~ ,U"Y u~tv~ "~ 'i"!l 1tv~ .U~1i' ,~, ilJ'Ytv 1J~'11J ilJ'~tv 11~'tvil? 1"11'Y rm ?~1tv' 11J'~?

.('Y-:lY ,"'i'!l ,1"1~T j'1~T) 'ilJ C'i"J'il en ,C"'il 111'JY




C'~Y!l' 1~' [ .•• 1 [~"y :10 1"11~1JI il"JY ,J" "'!l~ 'ilY' "~1' '~J [J'1"1~tv il~1 Ji11~ C~ ,~~ 1"11ll'J1"1il "1:l rn ,~ il~tv' il1'JY ~1i'l ill' [ ••. 1 IV~~ il1'JY? C:I .(~Y-Y '~Y ,1'1~T 11~T) 11~~J C?'YJIV ilJil~ ?~~ '11" il"J'Jil?

C'?'Y Cl'~tv ,'il'~ 1'11 'l'~ 'ltv ,tv C~"i'J :1lnJil ?Y 'O,,~ il?'!l~ il"JYJ -msn tv'n11~il '111il l"O'JJ I:Jtvnlil ill' ,J1"1~::JIV :11m::J' m,o~::J C,,:I:1 ill :'n~ ilJi'::J n1~il::J 11'~':l~iltv ,il1~:1il ?Y ill ",:l OO'::J~ "Y .1~Ti11 1"1Yil '!l? ill11tv~il ,il!l-'Y::JIV il1mJ' C'y'::Ji'il il'1"11"O'? On"1"1il' 11'l'tv C'~1' 1"1'~"i' ~,~ , 'n~ 1!l'~::J i'1 11nlY!l11~ ilJ'~ ~'J~ ,'c'~tv, ,,~' ,Y::J ,Y'l::J~~O~ "'il 1'~~ " ,ilT1nil ?tv i'il::Jmil "'~'11 .C'l11IV~rn

:1T 1"11'JIV? ,::J, Ctv~ il~:I"

il,ml ~"::Jtv'1"1 ,:1!l ,Y::Jtv il1'1"11 ::J1"1~::Jtv il'111 1"111'11 '::J ?Y T~1~ en, '11tv ,~ 10m !l"YJtv il"1"11 T~'J i'1 ili"i'n::J i'i'm [il!l":lJ 1:J":l1 '!l',:lJ I:J',:I [::J11~Jtv C?~tv '!l~ ::J1"1J::Jtv il"1"1il 1"1~ Cil'!l ?Y "'il 'i",:l 'IV1"tv 1'" 1" ?~? il"::Ji'il [tv"i'il ::J1ill i'''il1il ['J1' '1'~ 'l"~ "::J~~I 1"'~"~~~ '1"1Y~tv ,~, .113Ti1' 1"1Yil '!l' ''':l1 1"1Y '~::J CYil 11~ '~!lIV' i"O!lil "!l1"J"~ [i'nl' ::Ji'Y' '1 ::J1il1J1'~1 '''''i11~ "rm een '!l '1::J"1 n"n!l" il~'ilil '~!ltv' P l~Tm 1"1Yil '!l? ['~" il:l"1

U1'O'l::J 11!l'n11~' ilJ1"1tv~il m ilY'::Ji'il'T ,"0' 1"11~1Y~ '1"1tv::J illn::Jil 'Y C'OO'J~ C"::J'il l':l1il ?IV C'l'tv C'::J~i' 'ltv' 11'lY'il ",~~~ ,11'!li'tv~il ilJil~' il~1' :C'~il ?IV 'lm1il C'O~" 1"1~il ,C"Y~tv~-'nil il""'I::J' ::Jm~il iln01J::J il1m::J tv::Jn~il , "?:lil ill - 'il'~il renn C'~il ,tv my,m::J tv'n1"1~il ,"~Oil nn ,1"11,,::J:I, nunan ,C'1'Y'tv, 1"11"~' ?'::Jil::J\m~'11~ 'T rnnan .il"~' 1'Y'IV " 1'~' ,il::Jil~' 1"11i"::J" on" 11~' 11'il'~ ;'~1tvil' ,"1"11~ m\::Jil~::J ;'''J ,~ l'l, ?'Y!l' xm '1"11~:lY ,~tv ,~' l'::J? 'Jm~il ,~ C"i'~tv i",:l' 1'J ,::J'Ytv '~J ... 1 1"11i'::J';'~' ?~tv;,~ ,::J'Y;" 1'J, ""'l' ::J'1"1~il~ i'1 ~::J'Y;" 1'::J ,,::J;'J ,~ ~'il' "y,~'. il? j'~tv '1"1~~m '11' m'~~'1' "1"11::J'~' ?~ 1':l1 :I ,tv~tv ,,::J1"1' m::J;'~ '1'-'Y


:I:l"~il S'Ji'i11 "?:lil ';"~il1':l1' mJY';',Y i'1 1110"~ ;'ll'~ C'~il111'JY C,,~ ,il~"::J ;',,::JY::J ,1'~~' ,;"'?Oil ,1'::J C'~il ;'lYl "?~tv ,il::Jm~;, m,o~::J' 1"11'I~ :I"'11"1J m::Jtvn~J ,C'~il ,tv '1"11i"::J,J I:Jtvnl;' ,;'l11IV~il' 1110l;' 'il'~;' l'I'? 11UY'il 'Y' 'il 111'::JY::J ,1':1 111'1!l::J C'~il illyJ "?~' ,"?Y 1"1'il'~:1 iltv"i'il 1"1~1tv:1::J' ml'::J11~;' 110n" 1"1~ C:I C,~;, 111'::JY - il::J;'~::J ;"':lY:I , ,,~~? ,:lm:m '!l-'Y ~i"" ,~?' '~1' '!l-'Y ,":I'~' ::J,1"1J nou::J Y'::Ji'il ,,'m~ "?':I? ,!l:1tv ,1:1Y:I ;'?:lllV ';"~;' j':l1il1'JIV "Jil' myIVl il"Ytv rrnxm 1"11'~IV~;';' 1"1'1"1tv1"1 IV~tv~' ,il"~:I' 1'Y'IV:I 'C'i'~::J' l~T:I cmnil


K'1 :J111'IV iI~ ilIV1YiI T' T'KIV iI~ ,iIT:I Y~IV I1K'1i' T~TiI 11:1Y' CK IVlVln U'K 22.(1Y-lY ,"1i'!l ,I1KT Tl"T) 11:1Y'

mil "n:l i'!:i10il' :11"0 :iliI'~'1 :111'0 '1~':I "" C'K:I i'nl' :li'Y' " 'IV lmln '::l:l ,11':lli'~iI ml0~:ll mll~ l"'111:1 Cl,lil ,1:1Y:I 'Kil Tll1 'Y C'001:1~iI ,C'11ltZm Yl~' iliI'~'1 ;'il11m :lln::l1V iI~ '::l C"i'~' lK 'Cl~~l~' ,'ilK1':I ':llY' '1~':I:I C'1'l1~1 1IJ'01i1" ,'~IV!Jnil" ,"K Tll1 '1Y!l" C"1~':I:I mKl11~iI ,iI11i1:1 'Kil Tll' cy IV'nll~ 1'1:1':1 :U::llm ilJ"1V llK1lViI' 11~'Y'1 "'~11 lllV'nll~ iI:lilKiI' ,',1:111' l' my 11 "~11 m~::l01~'1 :lln'iI i'ln' m'l1':1 ,iI~1UiI I1l'1!l' iI~1Uilll':li' 1'J '~i"K"iI nMiI 1"l C'KillV ,illV.,n ,1' 11~1lnil T':I' ,1:1Y:I 'Kil Tll1 u=m ,IVK1~ l1milIV m":ll:l rmeen T'l1 m~~11 mIViI' 11K ,"'IViI' mi':I'iI iI:lilKiI' 'ln~' l1'Jm'iI ,mOJ11i1 'ln~ ,iI:I IIJIV,n iI":lYiI .ilJ~~ m"nll~iI iI":lYiI 'IV iI:I'~ 11K Y:I,i" ,iI"iI:I 'Kil T'l1 11K ,U"iI' ,"I'( 1~ Kli1lV ,C'KiI 'IV I1'Jm1i1 ,mnll!lI1i1:1 :I'IV' 110!l11J 11"l~' il1ln m'~IV:I 'N ilN1':I .IVJ1YiJ llN1' 'l!l~ "'Y '~'~iJ llN C"i'~' Y':li'iJ nOUiJ '!l-'Y 'Y'!l ,,:1,:1 "IV "'1l' 1:1 j"!lnil ,I1IV'nl1~ iI'KiI' 'n"~iI ilT 'IV lm':lY' mN'I1~ mi":I" iI:lilN:I iI":lYiT "'N' "~"1 'Kil 'IV 1n"IV' '1Y!l' T"~' ,111'l~1 il1ln 'IV TY'l'~ K" 'Kil T'l1 11~'IViI:I 1:1Y:I l1~l'm 1T iI'1:1Y .:lln'iI ""lil 11"':ll~ m1lnil 11"1nN ,iI'YiI ", 'Y 11"1nN ,CI1:JilN i'~'Y '111~ 'Kil i'l1 11K iI:J ",'IVillV iI":JY ,il1111 il1~ 'l!l' m:JKiI m':JY:J nom "l1i1IV ' J!l' ,Cll'OJI1i1 ""~ '111~ ilJlllV~iI 'iI'KiI ""lil I1'Y~IV~ 11K lnlY!;l' m'l'~ m'~o 'IV ilm'~ K' 11'Y1 'IV ,'n',IV' lK 1'J'l 'n',IV' "Y!l' ,:I"n~' "'l Tll'iI 11K IIJIV,nil,i"'lil 'IV In'1:1Y:J l1~l'm 'T ,1' iI'1iI:I 23.CllTYiI1 CmIVillIJi'111:1 N'N 11'~O'~iI l11i1'~" '''''l:J ,'!l1i1' 'm,o~iI "1'lil m":ll' ':I~~ 'T~Till l1yiI '!l" 'iI'NiI iI:lilK' 11"~IVlil m~IV!ll1i1:J iI"1'iI 11111'Ylli1i1 11K' C'iI'N milK I1N ,ln1"-'Yl

:1my 'lJ 'IV CiI"11l " 'Y 11'~IVl m'1nK" 11'1':I'l mn',IV' ,11'O!l"~'!lN

,l!ln iI'illl "!l ,'IV m'~IVl~ 'I1:1IVn~:I ,'11 illlK [IV'1'!lJ -e ,'" 'l1N~ " " [ ... J 'lIV~1 iI"':I i"OY' ill111 N'IV ,m"~~' ,m'~IVl:l lilJ11i1' K'IV ,l1l1' "J K", m'~IVlJ i"OY, K" "" iI'iI ,l!ln 'l~IV Clil "!l ,K1K 1IVK j"1NiI 'N

.("i' '~Y ,T'1'T llNT) m'~IVlJ Cl i"OY' T' 1l1l,IV T':llllV [CN

,,:J 1nl(1' ::1I11:J 1(1;' Ctv ,I(")ljm J1J; ,C'tv1i' 11(11 ,11lV c"n C;'1JI( ;tv 11DO; lmlV ;'I1.1:JO;';, nuen 22 'n"~ 'J1(1 ,mlVi'J1 m;'Dn; jrn 1')1"; 1;'1 ,C'J11~;'I ;1(1lV' 'JJ ':J111 1(11JlI' I(n1t:1 ;,J1;, ,; I(JlV:J

.';1(1lV' nJ1t:1 ;1)1D; ,; 1T)I n"'lV;'IlV 111':J ,cml( mn,; 1(1"n~

A. Green. Devotion and :;'11(1 n','on;'l ;'JlVn~:l C;'I1:l1( ;lV 1n'1:l)1 ;tv ;'Im)1~tv~;)1 23 ClV ;'11(1 .Commandment, The Faith of Abraham in the Hasidic Imagination, Cincinnati 1989

1)1( P ;)1 mp':l';'I ;'1';'1 C;'I;lV 1P')I;'I1' :mJI(;'I ;)1 ;'Inn;'l '1:l1 m1tv;'l .50-34 'IJ)I 1m"J ,UJ"l)l; ;t:I:l; 1101( ;'In)l n~I(;'I,1( ,;'111m C;'I; ;'1';'1 1(; C;'I!I/ m:ll( m:JTJ 'n' ';'I~ C'lVi':J~1 c'on'n~ C"~1;;'I

.(n:J '~)1 ,:llV'1 ,nl(T 111:JT) ';;:J




11'~'1Y' "IV I1'Yl~K-'I1':liI ili"TiI' 'iI:I i'1:1'iI i"'lil 'IV 11'~~Oi'KiI C'iI'K milK "my 'l:l' iI!l'i'~ l1'l1K iI:lilN' "i'~ TiI,iI:lll1' 'IV lnY"I1:1 .n iI'ln:l m'!l'iI C'Jl"Y C'Ol l1,lKiI:I' ,11"~IVl' Y!lIV l1'IV~iI:I ,11'~IVlil iI"1i1i1 'IV illV,n ilO'!lI1:1 llK~:lll~il il":lY ':llYIV ,~ 'IV illV,n I1'Jm, nrrn 'IV ill1'I1IVI1' Till 19, 'K1IV' llY'IVIl' mN'!lJ' ,~' 'IV lK 'iI'ln Tll~ C"i' 11':lNiI ,~" m'l~1 iI'ln "'l:l rrrru ilJJ'NIV 11"K'~"'!lO I1l'1!l:l1 'iI'KiI T'l1i1 mil~ 'IV I1'K~lY ill:lil:l iI"1' 1T m1'n :"IV "IViI~ ':I'YIV 11:1'11~iI 11" JIViI 11K 111l1IV 11""T~ l 'lil' iI:l1~ i'nl' :li'Y' '1 .11lIViI '1"lil m'1:1l 'T Til' C'K' iI'lKiliI lli"T:I' 'K' 111'Yll~iI on':I m"~l~iI 1T Til ,11'i"'lil iI"'iI:l1V

:m":llil I1l'1!l 'IV iliI'~'" 11"':llil m'~IV 'IV :l1'n, on':I m~'YiI

" m, 11m " IV'IV iI~:I [,1:111'J '11' 'IV~IV' Til C',:I, 'lIV "Y!l' ,"l i"'lil' C'~n1 IVi':I' Cll ,:I'iI m:lil'I1i1:1 111'iI' "K1 rm 101"i'1 1'1:1" '11' K1:1IV iI~ [P ,YJ '''y 'N1IV' m:ll~ "IV~iI' ':111' lm'lVl 'N'~ 1~' N'i'l iIT:ll ,'K1IV' 'Y 'K'IV' m:ll~ "IV~iJ' 111n',IV 1'lY' 1"N'~ ilIV1Y nn [ ... J 'K'~ n,IV" :J111' '1Y!l' ,'KiI' ,'1lIV iI~ ", ,'1l iI~ Y'" iIT' TllUIV IV"i'iI rrn " IV" [ ••• J .(Kl '~Y ,'iI:I ,11~N '1:J') ~i11' IVN C',ln' "Y!l" ,1:111' In:lIV' N1iI 1'mIV~

'mIViI~' '11' 111'i":I':I Kli1lV ,nN C'i"'l 'l'~ 'lIV IV' illil' :-n, :ll1i' '''' "Y' 1~" il1111 Tll~ C'1i'ill 111:1KiI '~'1 ,il1lnil Cl'i"1 m':lY, N:J '11' 'N m~~'1 1i1T" ,"l ilT ,N il11m :lln'lV iI~ " C"i'~IV ~'IV!l IV'1 2o,m:l:l'iI l1:Jln:J KI1'NIV C"i'~IV iI~:I i"'l K'illV '~:J Ki'1' 1~" 1IV!lKl [ ••• J 1'YT~ ~Y~ "'!lK 11:JY' K'IV 1IV!lN .1mK ,milK:I iI":I 'K Tll' '1Y!l' Kli1lnl~lY "IV ,~ P 1'KIV iI~ :Jln'iI " "IViI~ ':J'YIV ,~ IV1!lil m:J:J'iI l1:Jln:J T"'Y" [ ••• J I"~ "J '''' '~Y 1'i"i"~ T'N 1111l~iI, T'IV~iI "1i'!l iI'K ,'" nn [ ... J 21. '11'l1 Jln'iI~ i'1 ':llYiI~ ll1i':I'iI~ Klil lnIV1'i' il11V~1V 'lIV 1'lY m,yiI T'IV~ T'1 .CJ P'IV lnIV1'i" ,1:111' ,:1 C'i'1:J'iI 'IV ["'-,YJ ''''Y ':llYIV ,~ Cl " 1'IV "IViI~ K' ,:1, il1111i1 C"i'~IV ", 'Y "'Y ",YJ iJ"Y 1l':lN Cil1:1K Cl " .111i':I'~ "~:I' K'IV ':1':11 il1111i1 C"i" ,'1l "IViI il1111i1 ilIVY' '11' 'N 1111 mIVY' ill'1 K'illV i'" .'K T'l1' il1111i1 " l'IViI [C"IViI Clill [ ... J '11' U1l' Klil ilTIV l'IV~ CK '1:JY' ,'1l C'~Y!l' ,K :11' 1l1l1 Nli1lV "Y 'IV~' iIT:I Nl'" " T" .1T'l" Kl~n'J ,"1 IVl'YiI:I IVIVln U'K N~ln N1iIIV '1'lil "n!l' "'l 111:1i1' 11i1:1' il1~T' 'i'10!l:l "'l 111i':I':I "N~ ':llY N'illV ,~

.Ctv 19

'r.J)I ,T P1D ,mlV'1D;'I 1)1lV ,(3 ;'11)1;'1 ,;')1;) ;'I'1PD p "nJ :;'11(1 ,;'11m ln~ 'lD; m:ll(;'I m1:l)i;)I 20

.23 ;'11)1;'1 ,1;;'1; ;'11(11 .T:Jn-t:ln '~)1 ,;'I:l;'lI(;'I 1)1lV1 :nn

.ClV 21


rtl"::l~' :m~ ?::l rtl"rtl 'J,m, »n 'JJ O'~ O'N,pJM o',on Ortl~ ?mrtl 7T~M i1T '::lI ... 1 24.(,?P_~?P '~') ,JP,) ,Ortl) l'N~ rtl' N'M OM ':J '1'01i1? Ij:Jrtl ?:J~'I

M?'::l' MJJ'N ,rtl'nIl~ "?'~~ IlpJ"M ,1T MElprtlMJ Il'111M m~?rtlM 'N ,O'M?N Il::lMN Ilm::lJ::l j'~~ MmY~rtl~ 'P'Y N7N ,,'n'M ?rtl 1~1nIlJ 'Nrtl':"I?1 M'::ln? f1n~ rtl~~IlM7 IlJMN7 mJ11:J~M ,mrtl,n m'Il1Jn-m'111 Il1P'T Mm:J~ '1l'71 O'~"P Il171::l~ f1'El7


O'YrtlEl ?::l ?Y1 ?N'rtl' IlN O'::l:'11N IN'M ,1'JI M"J N'1JM IlN 'N~ 0'JM1Nrtl O'N 'J::l .(::l'P '~Y ,p7J ,Ortl) MJMN MO:JIl

m~?1YM 1" 1'JIl' 1J PJ'Il~1 "~Il1Il?1'~J jJ1JIl~1 M"J N"::lM IlN J:'11Nrtl ,~ '::l YJ:JJ N7'~~ M7Y~ 'El7:J 7:JIlO~1 MN1' C'NMrtl::l ':J 1 ••• 1 '11' 1'~J l'N::l 1'J'')J MrtlYJ 'Y::l NJ? NJ~n' '::l 'P'Y N1i1rtl "Y~ 1::l?J '11' 1::l P::l'Il~M "Y1 1 ••• 1 l'N::l MrtlYJ1 ?N'rtl' IlN J:'11N N?'~~ '11' 1mN Ji11N1 '::lIl' 1::l p1J' N1M 11::l::l7::l Ml1' ?NM '::ll "1::l N1i1 O~ '::l 1 ••• 1 '1::ll 1~lYJ N,pJ '1::l O'JEl 7N O'JEl C'~::l '::l 1mN C'::lM'N1 ?N'rtl' 'JJ 7Y ?1'~ Ilu~n' 17 rtl' ::l"y, M::l'M ",:J ':J J, N,pJ Ip ?Y'I :J"Y1 MJ'M

25 .(Ty '~Y ,N'P'1 ,Ortl) 01li'1rtlJ O",::l N1i1 ':J ::IN 0n1:J 1~:J OM'?Y c'~n' rtlP::l~1

,MJIlrtl~M ':"I7NM j1l'M mrtlMJ1 Il1'~rtl~M Il~rtlElMJ M:J1':JM Il'~O'~M Il1?y Il;:m 1N ,MJMNM 111'~rtl~M ?N rrnn M?'lN~ ,111'l'NM ?N MJrtl1 Il:JElMIl~ N'Mrtl Myrtl::l MIl'7:JIl IlN M~'711i~ M'1JY::l IlElPIlrtl~ MJIlrtl~M 'M7NM j1l'M mrtlM7 MM'~::lM :Il'M7NM M'11MM IlN Mrtl'n~~' -'Il7J MJ'i? Ilrtl1nIl 11Il~ 0'M7N 1111JY 7rtl M111M~ IlN rtl'n~ IlnOJ~M ,Il'~~OPNM M'1JYM 711i MP1~YM :"Imy~rtl~7 'J1l'nM '1~'::lM .'M7NM j'l'7 'rtl1JNM j1l'M j'J Il'Yl~N ml'? IlUY'i117NM OY 'Yl~N-'Il7J y~~ Il1'l' ,Il'M7N M'NM mrtlM - mp'J'1 M::lMN::l 0'OElIlJ1 0'N7 7NMl'J Il1,nNIlMM 7rtl MN'rtlJ O'rtln1Il~M 111N7ElJ::l1 C'OJ::l 017~ - '1~OM

:MJn1 n-rrun 111'rtlPIlM7rtl Il'IlrtlIl7 1El1:"1M MJY~ ,Il'~O'~M 111"1YIlM7 'M?N MJY~::l

IlN'rtl:"l7 m,y MT1 ?N'rtl' IlJ1~7 111N7ElJ1 O'OJ 71YEl7 i1T 1"J U'7Y 1J::lrtl~ 111'M7 ,('Y- ~Y , "'PEl ,IlNT j1':JT) UN'P 7:J7 MJ1Yrtl U:J1IlJ MJ'::lrtl

.(9 iI'YiI ,"Y') 1""ft' :ilN' ,ilnnil ,ft' 1J' 7lN 11 ilO'll11 7ft' iI'I11'1P07 24 ,1"'lJN~OO "NO " ,1"0711 7IV 11l"lYOil 111"Y ilN' ,pnl' JPY' " 7lN l?l:til 111'0 7ft' il01PO 7Y 25 .420-414 'OY ,ilnnil ,'1N'7N :ilN'1 .ne 'OY ,n7ft'J ,(17 iI'YiI ,7'Y7) C'OIV' '1K




Ml' M"JpM 1N 1 ... 1 m'~rtl~M Il1~rtlElIlMJ 71'~ 111pJ'1 mJM7IlM N,pJ O'::lN' ml' 111rtlY7 Ml1'rtl -e '11' N'1JM7 jJ N1Mrtl ,~ I ••• J 111'~rtl~J O~ MJMNM ~rtlElIli17 (T' ,111'71Il,IlNT j1'::lT) 0?1Y 1111NJ ION ':JI N":J Il1'~rtl~M m~rtlElIli1J P' N7 1 ••• 1

'l'N:"I 071Y7 ,)ElrtlM Il7lNi11 Il1'~rtl~J MJMNM Il1Yll'.)N::l 7N7 i1'YM ' J::l 7rtl O::l1"P MJi1N::l i1'1::lYM 7rtl '70P1"Eli1 :"I'1l'I'.):J1 Il'~O'I'.)M 1117Y Il;:til Il'7:JIl:J 1T M'111::l O'OElIlJ 1 IlN OJ'El~i1 N1i1 i1T OP1"El .'l'N:"I 071Y7 111':JJIlM 7Y IlIlIlrtl'l'.)il ,111'l'.)rtl~M Il~rtlEli1::l1 '! :Il'~P7N"il OIli"T IlN1 Il'P"li1 i1~MJi1M 711i M'JEl 'Jrtl





':J'lJ j"Y7 j:J O~ 1"l 1N '11' 1111p'J'::l i17Y1'.)7 N1M 1111" 'P'Y P"lM MJi1' i1N1' 0~1 ,O'l'.)rtl::lrtl OM'JN7 7N'rtl' IlN J'PI'.) P"lM' .(~, ,Nl'1 ,IlNT rren '1::l'l 1"lrtl i11'.) ,j1'On I','-?YI ''''Y '1N':J 1'JIl' ml' 111I1iYI'.) i1Y'J~ 0i17 rtl' 'rtlN7 O:J'l OM7 1'rtll'.)l'.) N1i1 mp IlY' 7Y ,'JYl'.)rtl ,lj7l'7 NJl'.)n'l 7'" 111'JY 17.):J 17 -: 7N -ern O:J'l 7N'rtl'7 '1'01il7 "1'.)11 i1l1'rtl '101' N'i'J P"li1 ':J .(1'.) ,'n'1 ,Ortl)

1'1Ii1'.)i17 J'1n~ P"l rum .(N7 ,fP~ ,Ortl) 1'JIl' 17 mYIl '1'01i17 0~1 01'i1 7::l YElrtl 1'rtll'.)i17 ::l'1n~ p"l MIlY 1 ••• 1 ,'Jrtll'.)i1 N1i1 P"li1 '101' 11'.):J 071Yi17 YElrtl .(~:JP 'I'.)Y ,IlI'.)N ',J,) i1J1~M 111Jrtlnl'.)1 111?'ElIlJ 071Yi17

'1PI'.):J IlOElIlJ ,j:~7 rtl'i1 Il:J'ElM 1N ,O'i17N IlJMN7 1"J Il'~O'~:"I 1117YIl;:ti1,i1T1n:"l "J'7 ,'I'.)rtl~ rtl'7 ':"I7Ni1 p~:"I Il:J'El:"l7Y 001::l~i1,rtl'n -rren "0 7rtl 1'10':J1 Il'P"l:"l rorunn O'N:"I IlN 111:J'711'.)i1 ,111'l'.)rtl~:"I Il1~IIiElIli11 0':"I7N IlJ:"IN '~J::l prtl .111"Ji1 IlJi1N 7Y 1N IlN 1'7mrtl 'I'.):J 7N:"I IlN "1'.)')1'.) pnl' Jpy' " ,r~:"I 7N rtl':"I jl'.) ,'i17N:"I 7N 'l'Nil jl'.) Il::lilN 7rtl :"I~rtl::l,IIi'il 7N i?~il j~ 1N ,Il'l'Nil111'Y 7N Il1'~IIi~:"I 111~rtlElIlill'.) mm P"li1 7N' J'rtl7 N,pJ ,'1rtl'P ':"IJ N1il m:Jrtl ,p'y'1 ':"I7YI'.)7 N':"I 1111" ,p'y'rtl ,P"l:"l .O'N:"I ilJ:"INil ~rtlElIl:"l7'1 "J1m1 »n 'JJ YElrtl 071Yil7 1'rtll'.)il7 71:J" N1i1 Ortl1 '1N'N 'rtlN f'Nil 1'rtll'.):"17 71:J' j:~7 11'.)lY 1El1il1 11'.)lY 7~JI'.)i1 i1T prtl ,(~ ,1? ,IlNT j1'::lT) 'm'~rtl~J 0"

:rtl'i1 7N j:~i1 j~ ':"I7N YElrtl 11'.)Y O"mN~i1 il7N ?N

,,, 11'.)::l 11'.)l,) p'm~ N1il 1i1Ti1 071Y::lI T"i11YJ "El ,1?i1NJ '1", ,~ 'il Urtl,'El ilJil' 1; y1":"1 1IlJ'::lrtl ,p'ylli "El ,1::l1li'1 ,IlJrtl7 7:"11N::l OnIlI'.)'1 11'.)::l ,T":'11Y 17ilNJ nn J"i11Y N1il 'J1m1 »n 'JJ 1'rtll'.)il7 71::l' i1T ,INJ:"I 071YI J"i11y N1:"1 1rtl'P ':"IJ N1M j'N::l MrtlYJrtl MI'.)J I ••• J 7N'rtl'7 7TI'.) "15 ':l ,1'~1'.) O'NJ 17N N7il illliP N71 1 ••• 1

.m~-ill'.) '~Y , 'n'1 ,IlI'.)N ',:1,) 7" Ji1 ?:l j'N~ T"'Y 1'rtl1'.)M7 ?1::l' l' J'Y::l

'NP ,'n' j1rtl7 i1T1 I ... J il?1)O ','n'J ON ':l 1:l ?:J Nll'.)J ,'N mpJ'il m,,1'.) ':::l 1111N CY m,nN M':"I'Ilrtl '''Y ':l rrnn JYI'.)? 111rtlY? 071Yil ,1'l'.)rtlIl il?1"0 ','n' ?Y 'J1m1 »n 'J:I Y1"M j1'?Y ?ml'.) 1'rtlI'.)M? n:l 1? rtl' ?"J:::l "15:::l 1'l'')J N1i11 P"l


l1'OJ11il ;W il!lP111:J '111'00il ;';:J/?illlX W1nO W1!l7 m1'nil ;W 11't:l0':J1lXii iiI17':l0 rrrrum W'1'nii , 'U'Wii m"1W!lXJ 1"1 :J:lX 1111111J t:I;,J "t:I'J '1'; iiX:J 11't:l0'~ 11"'1W!lX 0:1' iilt'1n 11'111Jn my~wo m;Y:J 11"'1W!lX C:I .ii:liiliim ii1'JYii '0'!l,:J "1Jlll ,'I1'~ii' "OXii m;'J:lJ 'U'lt'; 'X':JiiW ,'t:lO'OU't:llX' 't:lO':J'lN '!l'N m;YJ iill'iiW ,11';'J:I"11l"!l millii; 1'0'ii llX m'lii ii;X ;:J .''It''11:J' ,'m'111J ii:Jn'ii:J C1Xii11JiiX cy ;Xiill:JiiN llX 11:J":Jii ,11't:lt:lOPX iiX1lt'm 11't:l0'0 m;Yll;:J ;Y 1110"~ iiX1'; ii:JiiX l'J iilnJiiii .ii':JnJ ii:liiliiii '110 'u'w Clt'; 11't:lO'Oii il!lUllii llX 110":10' llX llPl"ii rerun 1':J il;':JPO iiln:Jii; 11'11lt'11 iiWO'lt' X'ii pw ,mYOWO"I1J' illl'ii miilii1'J; ,1!lP111:J llUlt';' It'1n; llNl'" ,11't:lt:lOPN ii:JiiNO' 11't:l0'0 m;Yll;:JO iill':J~O

.pmm 1'1ii 111:J~ C"Pii 111'~W ;Y 1110'Y' ,iiX1'ii '11~' 111'00ii10 iill':J~O llX llpl"ii '111'00ii ""lii ;W mYOlt'~"1nii 10 11n11lVii; ii!l'Xlt' '!lP'lt'W ,ii;N C'1'1':J ,1'~X:J 1l:J mO:Jo,o 1'Y1Y' 11'111 mW1n11ii 'Xt:I'J, ,m'iiii ;Y 1:JYii ;w llt:1;nmii m1~il 1~' 1'J7 U'J ii;'nm;o 'It'Yl ,11'111Jnii mJ'mOii' l1'l1111il iiY1:Jiiil 'Omll11Jn1ii; il,'rm m7':1:1ii"l1l1'!l 11't:lt:lOPXii ii1'JYii .p'1l:J ,miilii7 X7X 77:Jiill~nlii7 '1y1l X7' '~lY ,'1l C'OY!l7'W Y'1:J0 'X ,'YJt:lii ,11:J X7W ii7'1:1ii ii1YJll:1' :liil11i17 l'!lnii P'1lil 7IV ncrr-rn X7X C'J17 ,'1"I1X1m l1l'nJ:J iill'ii X7 ,',1Jll' U1l1 mlt' :I'lt'O cx 1':JY7 ,mOlllii ,1110 W1now 'O:J ,It'1'pii"1111 "7Y ii1'Wlt' 'O:J ,'ii71:10"1'n":J ,1:17:J "'1 ':J:l7 mO:Jo,o l'1'!l ,11'P'1lii ii:liiliiii ;W l1'l"Y1il 11'11lt'l1ii llN l1'OlYii 111"N1' l1'lm'ii ,111'Oii ;,:1:1 iilP 1Y ii:J'7ii C'WO ii:J il'iiW ,'T ii10Y 7W ii'1ii C7'X .C'lt'1n m7':1:1 mm~' ,11ii llX '1'W:Jm ,':J11 ':J'WOO, "1'0;11 7Y CO'lt"1 llX '1'l1m ,'7 1:1~0 fJX '7'X' l'l1ii ;w ,m:1:J1'0 1'N; 11':1't:l011lii m:1'mOii m;':J:I 1:11:J m!101l m"11,0I1ii7 iiW1n 11'I1Wll ii1'oym mp!l07' C't:I:J77 C'W1n C'P!l'X iin11!l 'T ii1111 ."11'1'011' 'ii7Nii 111':JY:1 C'l'lt' C':lW'O 7W C7PWO I1;XW:1 'XOlY l!l'X:1 Y'1:Jii7 11'1'nii llX ii'lt'!l!:tIV l':1W n110ii n:J1l; C:I, ,ii"ii; 1:1Yii 1':1 71:1iiii n:J1l; ,7Xii 7W iil11WOil U1l1 n:Ju; 'ii mW1; m:1'mOii' 111'00ii 7W ii;~Y 1':1; 1'n'ii mW1:1 1177mlloiill'111ii ii1'1'iill","


nrrrt 1'7'!l rrrron ;y pnl' :1py' '1 7W m'7p'11il ,'m!lpWii 7W iiY!lWiiii 111'~ 'WN ,'T 111'00 .111111NOil 11'!l':I":liiii 11'1'onii 111'00ii '7 iiOn"lt' ,m ,'1Y 1'X; ii7m ;Y iinO!l ,11't:l0'l'1:JlX ii"N1"11"'TO I1'X;!ll' C'Ol "'!l'0 ;w C;l:1 ,m01 llX ilm,,, UOT:1 1ii ,'111111 ;w ii111YOlt'0 llN 111:J' C'OY!l iiN't:lnii' '111NO' C1P'0 ii:J:J'Y ,"'!l0 "1Y l'X; :1, ii'ii pnl' :1py' " 7W 'l"Y'ii '7PWO fJN 27.,:J11 ':J'woo 7lt' ClOT:J 1m

,7'Y7) P',:I :n'cp",m,x;'1 n','cn;'1 ;'1'!l'l"""C';'1:1 ;'1X1 ,1'7:1'77J ;'1nn;'1 7Y C"!l1l"l;'1 m1,p7J 27 ,7'Y7) 1'7:1'77J rmnn ,l':l7J'1:1 ,"x ;l"~1n "1U7':I ,;'1Y' "1 ,1X;'177JXP x'" ;64-61 '7JY ,(1 ;'11Y;'1 'lU"n ,'':IT ,7");'1 ;;'l"!l1n ;'1lU1' ,1111'X 1lUY ,7X1lU' 111:1T ,1l1:1 r ;':11;'1 111X7!l) ,,'7' 7J"7J ;(1 ;'11Y;'1 'lU'7lU p7nl 1'7:1,'m l""'1m pn~' :lPY' '17J C'1'!lC ,111X7!l);'1 1'X ,,'7' 7J"7J ;l"7J1n ;'1lU1' .rmn




'C'Olt':1lt' 1l':JX; iiT '1' ;Y ;X1W' :J; :J1P;' c'ow 1':J:J m:J1ii; mX;!ll ;1Y!l; .(np 'OY ,CW)

7Y 11lYlt'lii ,11"'Onii 111'00ii '!l";Y' - Cii';X ;n"o pnl' :JPY' ''It' mN;!llm C'O.lii il:JilNii1':J 11't:lO'Oii iiP'Ti111N C'!lPWO - il:J' ;'1'0:J C;,; ;':JT fJN "':J,,PO, "1'0;11 m,y ,C"10; P'1lii m'!liillX C'Xt:I:10 en .11'ii;N;' ;':J;,xm iiN'Wiiii1':J; I1'W1lXii 111P':11;" C1X; ,; 1'ONlt' C'P0:J ,C'I1!l'O' 111mX ,C",;':I, 1111X;' mYlON:J ;X;, 1:J1 llX il;:lO;' C'Olii .iil";Y 111:J00 ;Y 1Ylt";'; N;N ,; l'N' 1:J;:J 'OlY 111:J0 W1nO' 'l" 111'ii7 7N l"X;' 10 111:J00ii "po llPllY;' llN pnl' :Jpy' '1 ;W 111Y1111:1 C'Xt:I:JO C'I1!lmm ";':1 ;W '111:J0 C"111:Jnii ;''',;':1:1, 11'111;' ;':I;'l;':1 111llt';' W1n; fJP111;' llX' C'OWii mlt'Y; TYii ,1'l;' l':J; 11'111;' ;':Jwno:J It'1n; 1'0'Xii 1':1 t:lP';!ll'P 1lUlt' llY:1 ,'ii;X ";';N; C1X;' 11J;'X 1':1 I1:JWOll0ii 1';01:lii"I1P'T ;W ;,m;,o llN C'Nt:I:10 Cil 1'Y .mu ,P"l;' ;It' 111',m:J 'YlOX"' 11;:1 m'N:J C'P1!l7 l1lt'nOll0ii ;'P'T , "N'1:1; 7Xiill:1iiX 1':1;

26."l1Y:1 'x ,:JY:J P1 x;, ,m';':J ,C'PO:1, lOT:1 'ii;N;' ";':lii llX fJPlt'~;, ii!lP111:J ,11't:l0'~ 1117Y 11;:J ;It' il111:J:1 ' 111'00il C;'Yil 11';':1:1 llN l'1!l 1';:J,;0 mmil I1X 'Xt:I':JW ,111't:lP;X'1 C':llt"~ 111:J1Y~ 1'~Yil; mYii ;W il111:J:J' l1't:I~T'1:J ilX1lt'il 7tv , llW ,11'il7Xil il',mil 'l!l'X 'llt' 1':1 nO'llt' C'l!lil";!l:J' rnnnn .il1'0117, '1l'lt'7 rrr rnn 1':1; C"~U11t:1ilm C"l10Wil ,C'Y':JP;' 1111'0';' l':J ,C"il7Xil ml'l1il 'llt' ,il1':1Yil ':J'1 ,11'P'1lil mill;';' ;W C'100;' 'llt' l':J' ,C"OU1t:1'Nm C'W1no;, ,C'lI1WOil 111"0'il

.rr=ronn ;""il:J 111'111:Jn;, ;"111:J;Wil;' 11'111il ;':1lt'no; ;'W1n 11'11lt'11 '1'OYil 7Xil1'l1 llX '~U1t:1'X l!l'X:J Y':1P; rm-m m1'il:1:1 nneu pnl' :1py' '1 ;It' 1111'11J 111ll':Jll;' ;It' 1111:J:1 'N 11't:l0'0 111;Yll;:J' 11't:lt:lOPX ;,'x;, ,W1n110 ";':1 ;W C!lP'11J iiP'T; ilil'O:Jil "':11 ;:J:J ;'Y:1'il ,I1XT 11'1'n 1l:J .111l11W~ m:1'Ol:1 11' l1111 ilY1:Jm 111'lOil 7lt' 1Y~l'~7 il!l'!l:J ill'X' m'il:1 llwn'110;' ilP'T ,11'il;Xil il"'il; I1'YlOW'I1;:J 11:1"nll0il ilY1:Jilil ;W il:1't:I fJX .,:JY:J ;Xil1'l1 llN m!lplt'Oil ,111'00;' 7W il:J"'I1; 'N ii111:J0 ,';X'1':J'1l'NilllY1;'";'P'W l1:1n,;,O' C'l";Y 1110;'Y cy 'YlON"'I1;:1il Y:lOil10 iiY'111 X" "1!l0:J ruru ,1110n"l1il m:J'Yo 'I1W ;W 10"PO'I1'l111';' 111W1nll;';' 7W Clt'; It'''111 1":lilW il:lillilil"'0'!l1;' ,;W P'1lil"111111; O'O:1illlX il111"il 'T ;'Y':Jil .:I~'O' '7:J:J0' ilY':lP 111:J000 ,C'0111n C'O'!l'O 'l,;'n;, '111il l"O'l;' ;W "111;':1:1 rurrm

.l1n",il il:llt';'il

,:1:1n';'1:1' "'1'!l:l ;'1T XlUll:l 1';'1 ,1"'):lX"C7J 1'X7J '1 ,"'7J7n '1:11 ;'1X1 "n1ln:l C'C);'1 7lU C7J'P7J 7Y 26

I?CC1!lnll C)1lln) T"'y, Y:I";'1 ,11:1 X7lU c'n!l'7J' 111111X 7X1lU'7 ,'lU7J7JlU P"~;'1 7Y'!l "Y" :7lU7J7

1'N) ,'lU"n' ,:1 C'P':l1 ";'1" "111X7!l) '1':1" 1'7Jn ';'1 ')!l7 7N'lU' ;'1';'1' 1 ... 1 T"'Y' I ... llU"n' '111P7N

'CY ,;'lIm;'1 ,"N'7X :;'1X1 ,lnO'!lnJ c'n!l'7J;'l1 C'O);'1 7lU C111Y7JlU7J 7Y .(N"Y N7J ,y1'~7J ,C'7JlU7



C'p'~:J ,1111~'J ,n'x 33,'m'irt':1 ,~' 'iY:J 32(1854-1800) :1::':':JT'X~ 'Yl"'i ",01' '::l"~ " 'rt'lX "':lJTl~ rmn TlX1 1''i:J1'i~ '1"'11'1:1 pn::.:' :lpy' " 'irt' m,m TlX ,1"n:l C'J1rt' Tl','on:1 :1:',:1:l C'~":I ,':1rt' c'nTl~:11 Tl'::l'~:1Tl:1 nx ,'Tl"'i':J C,':I X,:1 .:1no'rt'~ :1'iY~1 ,Tl1'0~:1 'i,y cy Tl",mTl:1 'irt" Tl'DO'~ 111'iy nry 'irt' C':JDp:11':J :1Y lrt' ,n:J::l'1~il Tl:I:1Jil l':J'i ,Tl''i:JP:1 n"~O:1 TlX,rt':1~ npJ"il ,n',x"':J',J'X Tl1::':1' 111,'n l':Jrt' nn~:J TlY:J :1'111'i':J:I Tll"~ 'iy, Tl1'0~'i n':J'ln~:1 'iy 11100':J~i1 ",:J'::': '::l,,::':'i :1p'n i1'Y

.Tlnx i1l'Y:J'

",'~'iTl ','n:J cy :1l~lrt' ,:J'rt'D"X'~ ",0" " 'irt' ,,'~'iTl ",0" '::l"~ " :1':1 ""Yl:J .:1no'rt'~ nD'rt' 'iy c'p'i,n:1 'rt'X' cy, ,1''i:J''i~ i1Tlni1 ,'1"'",,:1 ','i:1 pn::.:' :Jpy' " 'itt' ,::l" 'in:1rt' ','on:1 c,m cy :1J~Jrt' ,:1no'rt'~~ CJ,:J :1n~rt' " 'irt' ,,'~'in :1':1 p~ ,nx'i ,::l" 'iy p'in ",'0:J'i ,x ,n'Tl1:Jni11 n'Tl1:1murt',n cy :1:1,m, ,1''i:J''i~ nnnn 'irt' ,,::.:n:J 'Y' 1819 TlJrt'~ CJ,:J :1n~rt' " 'irt' m::,:'n~:J :1i1rt' ",0" '::l"~ " 34, "::.:n~ rt'1~'

'Y .'''''11 11:l~ 'I:l ill':lI'N:l '~!m 0"i'11 I1lIll:l1":l1' 1'!):l1ll :l1111~1~:l ,'U 'Yl'" "101' ':l"~" 32

N'-:l"Y n ,iI~'i'iI ,(1890) )"'11 NIII'Nl ,11'IIIN':l ,:lPY' 11':l ,'Yl'" "101' ':l"~ l:l :li'Y' :ilN' ,1'111'1N N':lillll ,'11':lI1i1 ,Y:l':l Y'UiI ,1'1"-ill!':l!'N~ 1'lYiI 1un 11111'" r ,1':ll ',':l iI:lll:ll iI~'i'iIi1 .N"Y ,1'iI' i1N') iI~'i'iI ,'''!)'I11'':l1' ,:l"n ,m'lIIiI ,~ :N"n 'm'lIIiI ,~' llN 1'Y "IN Nl;' .,!)O;, llN 01!)" :l11:ll111 ,m ,!)O, .24-12 '~Y ,(0"111' '1' :)';") 0"0'I11":l1' ,0"111' '1' ,'Yl'" iln~1II o"n :(:l n!)Ol 1":l1' 'III 11 IU:l ,'111' 111'mN~;' 111'1'iI~::l .O',:l') O"':lil liI'l':l 111'111 111:l' 111'1'iI~ ,U'l ','J

'III 1111~' 'Y .111':l1YiI lli'l1~ill I11i'1'n~iI l1ri'~1 111101110 'III iI~"~ 111:l'l1 111J' 1110~lIIiI III' ,1925 e-rm ,0"'i"YiI 0"l1'YiI o"i'n~iI .125 ,121-120 '~Y ,"1:lIllN :ilN' ,111'111 'Yl "101' ':l"~ r '11';' OI'l'~'O'ii 11'111' ,0"1 " !l"~111'''!)1 1""111 ,0"1 'III o;"'i'n~ 0;' ,ill'JI'N 11'111 'III iI,m":l

J.O. Weiss, :453-447 '~Y ,N":l1ll11 0"1111" ,'Y:l i'nl" ':l1'iI '!)O ,'Nl':lI'N~ 'l'" ':l"~ "101' ",

'A Late Jewish Utopia of Religious Freedom', Studies in Eastern European Jewish Mysticism,

_ illII~ 1111111 m'iI 'III iI'~m01N' ,1""111 ili':l' ;(iI'!)101N ,0"1 :)';") Oxford 1985, pp. 209-248 ,1""111 !T'iI') 561-554 '~Y ,(,":lIllI1-,,":lIllI1) N:l ,"1~ ,'Nl':lI'N~ "101' ':l"~ ':l'iI 1111m C'l1'Y

M. Faierstein, All is in the Hands of Heaven - The Teachings of Rabbi Mordecai :(iI'~m01N

'~Y ,0111 _ 11'!),,,1':l iI"i'O .(':>1:l;' ,1"01ll'''!) :)'m,) Joseph Leiner of Izbica, New Jersey 1989 iI':ln'~ ,('111"'!) 'YO""I1) llm~I11 llm':ll -1"1!) ,i'l1'0 ,", :;'N' ,1"lY~ "100'iI '1N'I1' .17-11 11"'On ~:l~-1111i'l~ ill':l!'N 111"On llN 111'Nll~iI 111'!)'ml~ .66-56 '~Y ,(1"1!) ,i'l1'0 !T';") 1962

llN illl11"111 lli'1'n~iI llN III~III~' ilOU;' ,'1111i":l '1i"111 11'10l 11'~"1'1!)N iI'~Y 111"1:l1 11'~'l!) ,1"1!) 11""~ ,(1'1' 'III 1'111':lm 11"0:l 0'!)'11) 'ill':lI'N~ 0"1~'NiI' ,1'1' ,'" :ilN' ,ill':lI'N~ :l'iI :303-294 '~Y ,(""'11111) '-~ ,"1'0i' ,'iI'111"11111'I'Nl 111"On' ,I~"'N " :(0":l1ll11 0"1II1"{ '''1II1~n ':l'iI:l ,i":l 'Nl '''lil :''''11111 0"1111" ,:l ::l"'lIIll 0"1111" ,N ,1'1" Nl':lI'N 111,'on ':l'I1l:l ,'N"'III 1"111 I11'1i'~iI .1980 0"1111" ,1'I"-ill':lI'N I11,'On 'l'y~:l ,'''lil :1"'11111 0"1111" ,1',:l1' Nl':lI'N

llN O":l~ 'i'n~iI 1"Nl ,ill':lI'N 111111 'III 'IIIUN;'1 '111:ln;, ~:l';'iI llN 'i"y:l O'III''''~ 0"I1110~iI

.'m'lIIiI ,~' ,y:l 'III 1110'1II:l 0"00'~'1!)l1i'mii 111'10'iI

.:l n!)Ol ;'N' - ,!)O;"Y 33

,;'l1i1:l '11:l ,01N:l"1 "lO:l'N :01ll1~NI "" ,Clm-p ":lIll~iI ,III 1111'y ilN' ilnO'III!) 111"On,y 34 ilN' ,iITm, 111i"T1 ilnO'III!)~ Ol1:l iln~III'y .130-128 '~Y ,(illli1:l,m ,01N:l,'1 :)'iI') l"l'l1 ilO'1N .ilnO'III'!)~ Cll:l iln~1II U':l, iI'iI 1":l"~ 1)':l, ',nN N"~ 'IIIN 1"'~'11 'n:ll~1' :ill':lI'N I11'O~

Nli11 1":l1'~ lII"i';' :l,;' llN iI'iI 11111~'1II '10'1 { •.• J O'~III llN"1 iI'1m '1'" T1Y:l O:ln ,:l" iI'iI Nl;'

n ,;,~,p;, ,(32 ;"y;, ",y,) :li'Y' 11':l ,';"111 "110 l' '0~1 '1n':l my ,~, ;':l,m 'N~ 'N~ lJ:l'n :l':lN"'11 ! 1932 :l1P"0'!) ,1II1'i';' "1;";' ,;,nO'III'!)~ i'nl' :li'Y' " ,1"'JU':l, ~"l I"Y '1Y .:l"Y




":llTli1' "::.:n~ 'rt"D 1lVX c','onrt' ,::l"Y:1 1rt'X ,1''i'D 111"On 'irt' :1"Pln ,'i ,on"rt' m~ 28. ,::l" TlX '::l,rt'~i1 x'i ,"

, "n:J :1rt',n 1ln 'rt' lU'::l' C:J, 1ln~ C'P:1:J'~ c','~'iTl 'IV Tl'Jrt'J1 Tl,nn :1IV"~ I1',DJ,'i'1:1 i1111:1~:J C'::l1'::l ":111''i1D 111,'on TlX U"D~ , '~Y 'C'1rt"i'~' ":1 Ci1rt' ,P"l:1 'o,~,'i x'i ",X, C',,:lrt' 'U'~ 'O'D''i i1D'D::l nrrn x'irt' ,Tl'D~T'1::l-Tl'DO'~:1 :1:1:1J:1i1 'tzi 29.nl1~:1 Tl':JPl 111::l~0:1 Tln::lli1 :J':JO :J, nTl~ :1l'YD :1Tl':1 :1111i1~ 'i::l, ,C'Yl:Ji' 1111rt'Pl1:1 IX lTl1m'i 111':llTl:1:J ,n'l1'Y' Tlpl'in~:J n'::l:1:J :1::l,,::l :1Tl':1 x'i ':J,:1 ,::.:n Tl:J'TY C'ilN ,Tl1:10~:J :1"~Tl:J ,111:1,m:1 TlP'T:J 'U'rt':J i1l"DXni1 x'ix ,111~:I~1 C'l::lTl 'U'tv:J C'~YD 1':1 C'l1rt':1 C':I'iD:1 l':J c'on':1 ,IT :1,:J1Y 'itv:l .:1l1rt' :1"lD-:l1n:Jl i1:1m:1-'O'~':l I11:10~i1 1~ 111pn'Tl:1:1 ""n Tl'l1'Y' i1:J'i'1 rrrnm 'iy 1'~rt'rt' ,C"DP'iX" c'on' 111:1'

.n'l1::.:'n:1 1,::.:n 'X:J~ :1'ix 'iy 1i1 1~1rt'" TlX "Xrt':1 l''i:Jl'i~ nnnn ,'1"'1"1:1 '1'i:1 pnl' :lPY' " :1'ix 'iy 1i11 30,1''i'D 111,'on 'irt' :1' :I':1l~'i ,::l-,nx '::lDi11 ,111:l' C' Jrt' m::.:'n~:J ,'Xtzi Jrt' 1::J" 'iy 1p'inlV n,,'on:1 "1~ 31.:1nO'rt'D ','on::l ,y,m ,1'ln~ ltv'D1 1::l1' 'iy lp'intv m::l,y~i1~ ,C"l1" c'rt"n~ 111m::l'i c,,~rt'~ 111nl::l1':l Y'::'::1tzi Tlun:l:1:1~ Ci1 C:I 'YDtzi'i1 .m'lnl' Tl,'ixrt':l tzi:l':lrt' 111''ii'''':1 Tll'~Y:1~1 Tl'Tl1 111tv,nTl:1'i 0'0:l::l Y:lDtzi 111':lrt"~:1 ,1'y~1tzi 'iy C~111n nx lY':lD:1 :1:1:1l:1-'01D':J' 111'Tl1:lnl 111'DO'~ Tl,'ixrt':l "rt'1,'n C:I ,i1,tvy-ytzin:1 :1X~:1 'i::l ,rt'~:ll''i'D nrren 'irt' :1"1~'i C'l1rt' C'01D':J C111X l'i'nl:1 :1'iXl

'1'1)''i 'P~1Y' l':J - 'Yl"'i ",0" '::l"~ r m~::l C'ilY:1 TlX c,x"rt' 'J~~ ,n~x 'rt'JX ,:l'i:J C:1 C'J'rt'ni11 C'lPD0i11 C'JpDPD:1 c'~''iy~ C:1 cnn~rt' n~n~rt' ,C~'ilY:l c'n~rt'1 cp'in:l c'n~rt'i1 CTllX::l x'i .X1:1lV .Tl~X:1 1~ C:1' J'Y

'!l1 '7Y:) ,1"tV11 :1':11<\"7111 C'7tVl1' ,17Kl 17K ,'7K1tV' ".1K 1lJj7' ,11J:lY '''tV

C"1J'Y .483-482 ,271-258 '~Y ,1977 0"1111" ,1m;, '1N ,':1':l'~ :{0":l1ll11] '''III'~n ,(:l,;' 'iiN '!)O~ 'r.JY ,,,"!)'11 illII" ,o','onii I11'''N In:1~ ,i'lY'!) IIll 'N'1IY :ilNl ,mm;, 'III 'I11~' 'Y 0"111'!)0 C"1II'1' ,iI"N~;' N'1'i'!)ON ,0":ll1'i' r :,"11111 0"111'" ,O'~' l1,m ,j,U~' "U ,,:l,:l '~ :156-117

.1973 I'Y:10 11"i' ,(l"':1"'iI lln!llll~ 'III ;"""'10:1 N"nJ ;"""iI iI"!)lil ,1"':1'11i1 ':11 :n"~lIIll

: "I1Y!)III;' 'Y ;'l':lI'N 11110~ ,I1NI l1~lY' ,;'11111;' .11-n!) '~Y ,(1 ;"y;, ,"Y') 'O!)'N :"1:lIllN :;'INl 28

! .34 ;'1YiI ,1,iI' ,1":l1'~ i'nl' :li'Y'

.194-157 ,:l'-N' ,,'-:l' '~Y ,~"lIIll 0"11111' ,I11'01~ l1'l:l1 ;'~1'1:l;"Y ,1:l1'~ :mll11;' .rn l"lY' 29 .1:l'Y:l ,1II,n;, 0"1'''iI 0111 ,1"11 :nOi'-10i' '~Y ,I1NI 111:l1 :ilNl ,ilnn;, "'~'I1'Y 30 I C"1!)'0;' 1111!)0:l O':l, 0'11N'I1' ;'11:11 0'1N ,;'l~~ '1i'n~ 111':l' ;'11:)! 01~ ;,nO'III!)-1":l1' llpl'n~ 31

) pnr :li'Y' '1 ,1"':l1)':1, ~"l :;'N' ,111'11!)'0;' I11'10~iI 'Y 001:l~iI 01:l'0' .;'!)';' I11,!)O:l, 11','on;, l /11"0~ .(27 ;'1Y;' ,"Y') ,"U~1 j,,,, ,1:11:l :ilN' ,;'1II1!);"1II '1111!)0 'l:l'Y' .(34 ;"Yil ,1'iI') ;,nO'1II1!)~ I nUt'!)l ,1"Ni'Nl 1II"i' O'P l"Yl' :':l'iI I11N'!)l ,1'" :;'N' ,;mO'III!)-I":l1' lli'l,n~,y C"l!)'Ol I11',j,N 1 .:l"1111 :l1i"0'!) ,iI'",;' 'l'Y 1'N~ ,'O'N '''N ::l"0111 :l'i'10'!) ,',m';,




'Y TYiI '~'TV" I1N Y':lt:m ,'T rrrren 'TV ill":ll I1N Y:lPTV ,Pl'P~ "l~ Onl~ r I1p"n~:J"'UTV rrrn ,iI:l111:l 111'0~ 'N 110!l'l 11"!l0 "NTViI N'TV '!l"'Y"IIlN ,P"!l 11"'On ,P'~Y~ T'~':l Up,', I1N iI'N'11 11"'Onil 111'0~iI 37.111:lMlil 11!l'PI1 ,:l 'TV~:I iI:I., il"~:1 ilTVPiI T"iI 111'~:I :lilUiI ,'TV!lI1~"'I1':I T!l:lO:l ,mN il.,"l' 38,0'l"'Y m~"Y:I y,prv:1 O"IV!ll mm:l:l' 11'~m":l il~l'Y:I "N'., 'l'Y:I ill"!lKl1il 'm~' .'I1"T '!l,:l, '~lY '!l,::1 ,iI~'K 11'~iI:I ,0Y:l 'TV 11:1 '!l'~ iI"~:I ,iI:I., m' 11':l~O:l iI,n" 11m ," :I.,iI "':I~ O'Kl" iI!lPIViI ,Y:I:l 11','onil 111'0~iI ,mK iI.,K'11 "Y 39.iln:l,m OYT:I ,I1U':I'O".,01n:l .,:1,:1 iI"'Y"'l:l :I.,'P' o','onil T~ 0'::1" nrrt ,""~'11 11K iI"!lP:I .,':l1V '~:l' 11'~O'~"K ,11"K,~p'~J'K ilP~Yn1 I1U'~' 'IV iln1:1:1 iI'Y~ 111'K O':I:I'Oil T~ Y:lI1TV '~:l ""~ll K'il

1'17 ,tII'1i' '!l,tII n'tII '10 ,1"I<i'I<, tII',i' C'i' 1"Y1' :;'1<, ,n','on;, m10~J ~"~, 7t11 m1~' 7Y 37 ,1978 C'7t111" ,C'!l1l c'n~' ,m1J'tII~ 71<1~tII :1948 C'7t111" ,;m~1<1 n~1< ,1t:1'l< Ji'Y' ;1931-1928 ;125-122 '~Y ,'71JtIIl< :;'1<, ,'i'n~;, m'!lOJ C'J1tv;, 1"11<'n 7Y .1J'YJ ,tII,nn C'71'~n CtII ,1'711 J':11<-7n ,t:I"i"'O~I<'!l 7'J'~ 1'1< ,i'll<j? ,7t11yn '''I< :1'm'11< 1JnJJ tII',"J C'J1t11n C"!lO 'JtII.o,?I<!l nou7 I<'n 11<J n'J!lnn ;11<~0j?'7~ :17n7) 1938 J1i"'t:I'!l ,yJ, 'Yj?l1j? 'Y' ,11<~0j?'7~ '!) ;~"7t11n "1:Jn ,1'!)0 .j?l1j? ','on 1'J 1m1'tII m'10~1 m'~1< I<'J;' 11<~0j?'7~ .('j?l1j? 7J';"::1 I<l~Jn ',JY;' ,7'Y7) '17 :1':10 C"1J') C'tIItII1 j?l1j?~ '::1,n - j?l1j? 7:J'n' '!)OJ I<J1m n"JY7 o),m ,1"JY-J' '~1n "1n'n '1::1ln~ 71') j?7ntll 'n'I<' 1Y" neen nJ'nJ OYt:I nl< 'Jn~n 1"l~ 1'!l0 tvl<':1 .(35 ;"yn

7Y n001J~n ,i'l1i" O'J!)'~tII m'~JnnJ 1'~1<~ U'1Y1 ""0111 i1T '''1~'1< n1'11< 1'mY"'J '1'101.l "j?1~ 'Y ni"ntvJ '1:JY7 nt:lu 1<1n 0711< ;'i'l1i' n",1< 0'J!)7 1l1!lJtII rrcren m'tIIY~J1 JT1:J O'OJ ,,',,1< r ;('U',I< :),n,) 1"l,n J'JW7n ,j?l1P ,1;"'1< 'u "=1 'U',I< " :C~ ;'1<, .nj?17n~1 011.l71!l

'J,n ,'01<!l,1< :17n7) J"tlln J'JW7n ,j?l1j?~ 'J,n ,'01<!)71< " ;J"'tlln J'JI<-7n ,j?l1j?~ '7'J~ 'J, :)7n7) ~"tlln 0'7t111" ,j?l1i'~ 71,)n '''1~'1< 7t11 1"n m'7m - '1,fI.ln ,I< ,j?l1j? n'J ,1'17 7'" ;(i'l1j?~

','J n't:I)1,1!)1< nJ't:lj?!)O'!)~ O'Jm:Jn ,'!)')1'J '!)11< "Y::1 0"1J'n on n'l< O',!)O .(j?l1j? n'J ,,,17 '!)')1'J '1.lI<~ .m'1j?~ 'J1'l1 ml<nJ~OI< 1<77 0"77:J C"11<'n on On"J'1 ,j?l1j? m,'ori, 0'J'1j?~ ,'i'l1i'1.l 7'J1.l " m,'onn m'1j?" ,IY"::1I<-i"Jt:l17T 7"'=1 t:lT'1< " :nl<' ,::1n1J 01~71!) "1YtII ,'lj? mJ1n ,J ,,:J ,(ntll'1) 'n1m;, ,'i'l1i" ,7"Jn ;12-9 '~Y ,(1920) 19 mJ1n ,10 ,1J ,(i'''' 1'J) '1JY;' 1~1<1.l::1 17Y1ntll nusen nl< 0'Tn7 ',J nJn:JJ 7'Y7 mJTJn m1!)On 1~ j?,n .10-7 '~Y ,(1920) 14 135-109 '~Y ,m1~1< ,1)J'1' :n1<1 ,1mm 7Y1 i'l1j?~ 'J1n ,til m1~1 7Y n'm1j?'::1 n1'j?0 .i1T ,m11n ,1~J'1' 444-428 '~Y ,(27 n1yn ,7'Y7) nnn 111< ,1J1J :n1<1 '1Y .Otll nt:l11!l~ n'!)1~1'7J'J1

1!)1t11 1"'~7ntll mJY1t:1n ,(170 '~Y ,Ctv) 1U'11< 7ll<1 (Otll) t:lT'1< 'll< ml<J1~n ,m110~ tv' .415 '~Y

OJ'I< 0'1J,n 0'11< ,cn'J'YJ nJJO 01t11~ 1J n'ntll nj?1,7n~J-'Utlln OJJm ,tIIJ m11.l ',nl< 1'1!l0 nl<

',J1.l cnJ1.l '1t11 mY1t:1n ,(n1.l-'~ '1.lY) 11<1.l0i"') 'll< nl<::11~n i'l1i' m10~ m1t11n1 .0'J1.l'n~ 0'1<1J

.nno'tII!) 'j?"l 11<tII:J JnJ 1<7 cy!) '11< j?l1j?~

'1:1' nl< nl<' '1Y .7'y7 36 n,ynJ m'J!lnn nl<1 ,j?l1j?J ,m'7n m'TJ1~ 7Y1 ~"~1 7t11mU'~7 7Y 38 ,01j?'~ ;130 'I:JY ,nJ1I'1J 1nJ ,01I<J1'l ;n~'j?n ,(36 ;'1Y;' ,7'Y7) 7t:1 '7)1< ,J1t11t:1I<JI<0~ On1JI< ,unn 'Jn~ ,::11t11t:10 7t11 nJ1 '1J',nl< I<'J~n ,)J-JJ ,m '~Y ,11<~0i"7) :n11t11n1 .186 ,136 '~Y ,m,'onn

'10" :n'J11i'~ nY'1m 11 m,'on 7t11 n'1j?'Y 7Y ,j?l1i' ','on oy nJ~JtII ,'O'~'YJJ O"Jn' n"1t11

i'l1i' '1'on 7J .0'i'01!)1 '11.l7n rmn '1~7 - I<n"111<' 11'7Y 1t11j? 11< "71') '1~'n" n'n m'10'n ,20,3,2 C'!l'YO 427-424 '~Y ,1mm ,1)J'17 :n1<1 ,1"'on~ YJntll mJ'~7n 7Y :n7'71 C~1' 1'~7

.30 ,1mm ,1)J'17 ;1:J1Y::1 ,tII,n;, C'71'~;' CtII ,1'711 11';'1< 1"~7n '1J'J nl<1 ,n't:I~T'1:J;' m1'tII'l< 7Y 39 n'tII '10 ,1"1<j?1<1 :n1<1 ,muoYJ 7Y1 nJ );,U ;,'ntll ntlli'n 1"n-m'~ 7Y ,111YtII ,n!l;' 7Y .44 '~Y ,'0!)71< ;122-105 '~Y ,'1)'11< ;(36 n1yn ,7'Y7) 0'Y1,n 1'JI< ,n'1n' ':1l ;(37 n1yn ,7'Y7) tII'1i' '!l1t11

.41 n1ynJ ,17n, 0'I<J1~n m'1j?~n1 ;)J '~Y ,j?l1i'~ 'J1n




ill"!lKl1i1IV ,ilnO'IV!l 11"'On 'IV iI:l." .piI:I'~iI ",~ 11K ,:1 ilK." 1827 nJTV:I 111'P'110il' "~':I" 11'~0'~ I1Uml1i1' ill1~J' ,0"YiI 111P!lil:l' iI"'~n~ mJ!l:lO:l ,0T'~"N::1 m'~!l .,nK' • ,:l' l T~T P"!l ,"n"n.,'K 'Y ilY'!lTViI ,I1U'~"" 11'111 m::1il, 11i1' ,m'~l)7i1 ,(1859-1787) T"~TVJ:I"~"T"!l'''iI "J~ OnJ~ " 'TV '':In"''~'11 rrrn Pl'P' .,:1)7 ,:1., ,"'~'11 'IV ri-en iI'iI' 1J~~ IV'!l ,P':I"~ nnnn 'IV rren ,:l." I1'TVK.,:I K'ilIIlK iI'illV iln~TV " ,'IV'" 'TV T:l~ ,nK" ,1814":1 ,mp'110il' 'Y ,'IV"PiI "liI'iI' pnl' :lP)7' '., ,Pl'P~ "J~ OnJ~ r 'IV "::1"'P~' ""~'11 ','n::1 0)7 ilJ~J 1110" ':l"~ r .ilnO'IV!l~ OJ,::1 '~Y '~P'K" n"K::1 '111111 11K IV:I':I' ilJIV iI'IV)7"TV"TV 'IV~::1 nsn 11:IilJil:l "'::1 )7"0

• '11~'Y" 'I1Y!lTViI:I ",:lJ:l, I1'J'~'iI iI::I" 11K ilJ'lpillV ,111:1110~' 11'~O'~"K m,'on ill1'iI Pl'P nrren C"~O':l'JKiI1 O"~O"'iI'lil 11"'O'il 11K iI~'J!lil1 ,ilnO'IV!l nrren 'IV 11":lI1~iI' ,11'P"lil milJiIiI 'O'!l'~ iI:I"110il 'T rm-en 35.il' iI~'PIV 11"'Onil iI:llVn~::1 'IV::1:111i1IV il'~)7 ilTV:I':I' iI",Y"'J:I, "P')7:1 ilnJ!l N'iI :O"~~Y o':I,n, iI"l!l:l O':l,,:l "ilIV 11K iI~":l1V ,Pl'P 11"'OnIV ,K'il nJ"JY~ iI'::1')7 .111:1110~' I1'J,':I 11"K,~p'~J'K iI'm"p~ 'Y ,m'~IV:I:I I1'P"lil')7 111'P'::1 ilnn~' 1',::1" n01J:I P"lil 111'11' 11":lJl1i1i1 O'l!lil"I1"!l:l 'l1'iI~ ,:1,::1 r""'iI "'iI pnl' :lPY' " 'IV "I1'!lPTViI 'Y' 11"::1PiI iI::1IVn~::1 K'iI1 iI'111i1 K'il ::1'iI 'IV ,m'TV'N iI::1TV ,,"Y PK' rrren P"l 111111 iI'l' ,P"lil 'IV I1U'~'::1 :I, T"JY ill1":1 ,iI':lPiI ,,~,,~ iI:I"110ilIV ,Pl'P rrrren .11~KiI 11'~':lnil :lilUiI 'Y 111'P'::1 ml1~' ilOO'iI K? O?'N ,iI:l?iI::1I1l'P~ T")7::1' 11'?:lJiI iI'111il ?IV ilP'~)7~

36. 'J!l:lO' "~n~ ,":lI1~ o"n"n"K Y'::111" iI":lYiI ':l,,::1 IV,n? ,O"P;'

'~Y ,"1JtIIl< ;427-395 '~Y ,m~n 111< ,1J1J :1945 J'JI<-,n ,;,nO'tII1!l~ OJ1J nn~tII '1 ,,"J;' ;,"tlln nJ1~n C'1m1.ln ,'71:JtIIl< 7t11 1'1::1' 11<J 0) .118-115 '~Y ,'71JtIIl< :n1<1 ,OJ1J nn~tII '1 7Y .120-99 nJnJ;' 11< ')17m':J 11"J cnJ 1'1<1 ,010'J-'71t:1J1 0'77J1~ ,0"t:l0'J11:JJI< mJ1 o'~Y!) on ,m"JY~

.0'J1t11n m11i'~n 7t11 0:J1Y::1

,J-I< ,17 ::1'JO 0'11J') 0'tIItII1 j?l1i'~ '::11n - i'l1i' 7J'n ,17!lJtII '~1 ~1JJt:l1' " :n1<1 ,j?l1i' m"on 7Y 35 n11Jnn 'JJ .132- 1 30 '~Y ,nJ1nJ 1n:J ,C1I<::1"l :n"tlln ,CJ~T 1J 7t11 n"1<1 m,y .t:I"'tlln J'JW7n

O,)J 1'1YtII o"n lU)O 1'l' ,m't:l0','n'J1 n1't:l0':J'JI< n1'~YJ 1i"Tnntll ,j?l1i' ','on 7t11 n"1::1n~n

1<'1 n"l~ 1~"j? 1<7 1,'I<J1 nJ7nn 7t11 n!li'1m 1i'!li'!) 17'I<J mY1~tII O,)J 1l!)11'1 .m1j?'J1 m'tlln l'1<1t11'J '101<7 ,j?tII ,':1i'Y' n1Y1t11" 7YJ ,1"t:ltlln11< Ji'Y' J,ntll "J "'7 0'1::1,n 1Y')n1 ;177!)nn 119011 ,"'tlln ::1'JI<-,n ,(,,!lJ'tII 'I:J In'J~1)~1 C1)1n) nrrenn ,01i'1~ 'I< :m1t11n .i'l1i' ','on oy

.247 '~Y ,(m,'onn ,01i"~ 17n,)

:l"Y ,n'J'~7n nn"t:lJ 7Y ;123-122 '~Y ,'71JtIIl< :;'1<1 ,i'l1i' rrrreru 0"t:l0':J1Jl<n m'10'n 7Y 36 J1i"1t:1'!l ,C'Y11n 1'JI< ,j?17~1<~ n,1I'1' '::1l ;n~'i'n ,n"o,n ::11i"1t:1'!l ,7t:1 '7~1< ,::11t11t:1l<:J1<0~ On1JI< ,(1mm ,1)J'17 :)7n7) (T"~tlln) U ,T"J1n ,'i'l1j?~ 'J1n 7t11 1mm' ,')J'17 " :0) nl<' ;'7 '~Y ,n"l1n

'1.lY ,(m1~1< ,1)J'17 :17n7) (1"~tlln) ru ,T"J1n ,'i'l1i'~ 'J,n 7t11 m't:lJml< n"~I<' ,7"Jn ;421 'I:JY O;"J'J ,j?l1i' ','on oy U~J n1t11Y-Ytllnn nl<~J 1'71!lJ nJ7nn 'i'01!l 'tIII<1~1 n1mn '71'~~ 0'J1 .112

j '11 'C"'1n 'tII1,'n' 7YJ 1U~ 1n71< 1'1<~ pnl' '1 ,'1un 'JJI<' 7YJ J1t11t:11<J1<0~ 1"t:ltIIJ11J On1JI< '1 ,0PI<!) " :n1<11 .C~'1nn71 cml< .,1"7 '1J'l ')'nJ1.l~ nYJ~ 1<7 1T n'J1Y C711< .p01t:171<!l~ 1TY71< .55 '~Y ,(OPI<!) :),n7) T":Jtlln 0'7t1111' ,i'l1P~ 7'J~ OnJ~ 'J1


rv,!:) 1N 45(1839) '''11 11.lrv 'Y i'l'i'~ ?'.l~ Cn.l~ " ?rv 'm~n~::J nnrv I:JO'~ ~::J"~ " 46.'~::JJ1:l::J l'!:)'i'Y::J C'T~'.1 C11li'~rv ,C~::Jrv,~~ C~t:I::J?' ::J::J"~ 11Y'-?'i'~rv ,nN? '.l~~ mY'-~i"?~n ?rv:11 ,11'j."'ln n"mnn ?rv m~~.lY::J 11~.l"i'Y 11i"?n~ ?rv::J n11'n nrv~'!:)iI m"i'~? iI.l,rvil C11i'~T ?rv::J ,iI.l~~ ::J~~n11~iI1 11~'~Onil C?1Yn-110~!:)11 ?rv nmy~rv~ ,::J,::J c~j.'my "m ~?'::Jn ?rv::J, ,C'N? 111m~iI 11~~mt:l'Nn ilY'::Jiln 111~~?' 11~.lm'iI ilN,rvilil m.l'::J~ i'l'i'::J I:JO'~ ~:J"~ " ?rv ,milrv m.lrv 47.11~'~onil iI'YiI ~.l::J? con'::J Y~'::J~ ?,::JiI1 m"::J ?Y Y.l:J.l n::JlV 1110'~~ iI!:)'i'11 - 'C?"Y 111Y~ 11N::Jnn 111.llV' ill~::JT'N 111'O~::J m"nlV 11N iI~" N'iI 48.,::J, 11~~N~ ili'~11rv "?Y iI'T".l' '~?Y 11'?::J'i'~ '~iI N?lV m!:)i'rvil'

13m7' :0) ilK'1 .(8 '7:JY ,137 il'Yil ,7'Y71 l'7'K) ',7:JIY 11K il7:J'11 7K 'P'Yil 1 ... 1 117:JK 111'7:J llKI 0'71" 111m:l PI1P '1'on lY'PlVil ,111'7:JIYil muern 111Y')lil 11K '1PY7 '1:l 117:JKil 7K :l1Pllil7

.(K7:J 'I.W 1K7:JOp"m '11:l7 Yllil 111'7:J:l 1lV7:JlllVill 'Y17:J:l ;,'lVPllV il71');, l'1'n'lV7:Jil ilO'Ol1i1 oy ,"11 l'1JlV:l PI1P7:J 1l'1lV"!l l'1K l'1:l'1:l ;,1':lI'K ml07:J 45 ',:l, 1"1YlV il"!l'17 .pI1P:l lV'17:J;'"l'1':l:l l'1'n'lV7:Jil il'!l'lil OYl (It:lp K"1) ';'1m ',:l, llY!llV;':l 01 ,118401 ',"l'1;' 11llV llK'P7 111'n'lV7:J 111'!l'I' ,nt:llVD'17:J 'K :;'11lVil ,,"11 l'1JlV7 10n"l1illV ,';,1m

ilK') 1117:111ilil llY:l llKI lK1 ill':lI'K ','on .364-343 '7:JY ,1"7:JlVll 0'7lVl1' ,;")171t:1:l0Kl 111'n'lV7:J

.555 '7:JY ,il'7:J1l1t:11K ,1""lV ;(32 :11Yil ,7'Y7) 17:J7"K :0) ilK1 ;(48 il1Yil ,17"7

y") :mllVOi .16 '7:JY ,i17:J'I'i1 ,(32 i1'Y;, ,7'Y7) :lpy' 11':l :;,K' pIlp:l "101' ':l,,7:J r 7lV 1'111llV 7Y 46 111:l1)1 l1,mK7:J;' ;'1':lI'X 11'107:J .29-28 '7:J)I ,17:J "1')10 ,1"1111 nlV11 ,0'p'1In 11711, ,'PO:llVt:lO

Ol1:l .,n7:JlV ':l, U,17:J "'7:J7117:J O,'7:Jm' :l"Yl ,PI1P:l 1.,:l ;,;,lVlV O'llV;, .,'lVY"lV17lV 7Y "P'l1lV:l ,m'7:J:l 1nK n-n Klil ••. "101' ':l,,7:J U':l'1 U"17:J lVl'P;, 11K)" 1'On., 'l'PI ':lK 'l1'K '1:l:l K1i1 ,;'''.,771 :01'7:J,:l lK .(,:l '7:JY ,0"lV' '1') '1":l .,117Yl ''':JlV,:l .,lVY ,lVK 1:l' 7lV O'lV'P 1KI "n , 1"n:ltv

llY., Y')" K7lV ,0'7:li1 7K llK:ln;, ,YI 7:l0 ;,llV ;"lVY lV7lV 7"1 Ol1:l ;,n7:Jtzi U':l, 111P7110il 1nK1'

1m;, Y',;,1 '., ':l1 Kl:l llY 'Y .,7:J:ln "YUI l'1Kl .,YlI:l ;"111 '7:J71 ,,'on,!l:l O':l,:l n'111 '7:J77 1"Y

.554 '7:JY ,;"7:J1l1t:11K ,l""tzi ;211-210 '7:JY ,n'!l1t:11K ,0"1 mK' .(Otzi) '17:JY!l7 7nn 'n rrru 111'1p7:Jn .nl':lI'K ')1n7:J 1;'11 PI1P ')1n7:J 1;'1 111'107:J;' '7Y:l O','Y7:J O;,'l':l O"111;,7:Jn 0'71:l;,n 7Y 47 Pln"1 :l1"P ,:l,:l nlltzi nO'!l11 ,0'P;':l17:J l11'tzi'K '7':l;' O'l"l7:J 7'Y7 111:l17:JOn 111,yn:l O":lll;,

n:l'n l'17:J1Y7 l'1":ll11n ,0'l1tzi 111:l7:J0 '7:J)'7 n"t:lll m,p7:J ;,);'In 117:J1'97 ;'!l'Pl'1 rnrun ,o','onn ':l,,7:J ',tzi ,tzi:l117:J nl':lI'K 11'107:J:llV n1:l1Y711P!l07:J :l7"I17:Jltzill nlll'l K7tzi nm1 7:lK • .,7:Jl':l1 ,:l1"Pl )"110., PI1P7:J 71l7:J Onl7:J " 17'Kl ,O':l,n llY'1'7 n:ll,'pl ;'Ill!ln 7Y n't:ll n7:lp:l Pl0Y7 n:l'., "101' 111llV'!l7 0'0:l tzi7:J'tzi ''''K;, ':l11:l:l1 ';'11:l Pl0'Y" • .,:l7n:l 1l1'Y 11K 'P'7:Jl 11't:lO'7:Jn 111,!l0:l Pl0'Y7:J lltziX,n n-n K1i11' :'n17tvn '7:J' 7Y:l 7Y '7:JKl (K"Y t:I) ':lPY' 11':l' 117:J1P;':l .;'I':lI'K:l 0':l111:l;' 7tv nlV1n Ol'KlV n'111 ',:l, 01tzi 1'XlV '7:J771 11'11'7:JK;' ;'7:lP '110':l Yl:lP71 '0'7 7nm ')ltvn 11K nll!l 'tziK

'7:JY 7:l lK'1 ;,tvl'P;, 1111"Ol:l 7Y 0'K'l1 0'7)ln ... O'Ylt:1l 0',7:J07:J ;':l Y:lPl tv!ll t:I'!l 7:l7 O':l"tzi

U7 110'1 17:lP ,tziK 11"'tvn l'1J17:JK 110':l 11'11'7:JK n7:lp 7:l1P7:J ;,'n Klm13'7Y K'Pl ';, Otv ':l f'1K;,

,'o','on;, 'tvK'

,) '7:JY ,:l"n ,'m7tzi;, '7:J' 117:J'P;'1 ,:l"Y , ,11'lVK':l ,':lpy' 11':l' 117:J1pn nK' '0711Y l'1'Y7:J llK:lnn' 7Y 46 1:l'1 7:l tzi7:J'lVtzi 7"1 Ol1:l ;,n7:Jtv 13':l, "n:l 'l"I1'7:J;, rrn Kl;, ;'''''771 ,"17:JIKK1' :n013 l111K:l 111:l111:ln llK:ln;, 'YI 7:l0 nltv ;"lVY tzi7tv ;''';'771 om ;,n7:Jtzi 13':l' 111P7110;, ,nKl ,;"111;' 7;'K7:J tv7:J K71

n1111 '7:J'71 nl:ltzi 0'X:l7 ,1m ltv!ll1 K'On'!l:l O':l,:l n'111 17:J77 1"1Y llY., Y');' K7tzi 071'Y 111Y7:J "17K7 111K7:J tvlV 11ltzi:l 17:JY!l7 7n;, " n1'1 17:Jm y')m r ,:l, K:l llY 'Y n7:J:ln O'Y13I llKl nYlI:l 111:l'tzi' 7tzi O'ltzin n'tziY-tv17tv ,'tvnpn 1ml:l 'Kn1' 1:1 11Y7:Jtzi ':l, m, 1'7Y ,tvK llY., X':1 ,'lV'tvn '11110;'lV O'ltzin n'tziy"tv17tzi7 17:lpln ,0711Y 111Y7:J:l ;':l'lV':l1 K'O:lI1'K:l '17:JK:l 10!ll'1Jtzi ,PI1P:l 111'!l')1':ln :l" ,'17:JK:l .';'1m '!l0 l'1K ,111107:J;' '!l"7Y ,':l'n 1:17n7:J:ltzil 1'!l'1' 'l!l7:J ,,'Y7:J:l ''':ltv, 117:J1Y7 :1K' .pI1P:l 1'111llV 7Y ;'P'l1tv:l111':l1Y ,:1I':lI'K ')1n:l 1:l11:lltzi 'n17tv:1 '7:J' 7Y:l 7Y 111'l"17:J:1

.IY '7:JY ,PI1P 11':l ,1'17 ;,:l '7:JY ,O"tzi' '11 ,Otv 17:l0 7Y llKI




i'?n::J 40.::Jl~ ?:J::J iI::J nnN? lV~lV 11t:1?m~ 11~N 'lV il~lV::J n'~~n~ m~?lV lV"lV ~~::J' C~::J'l~ C?Y11i1' ,mN C~::J::J'Oil ?Y C~'rv!:)11~-~11?::J iI::JlVn~-'O'!:)' n!:):J 11~N? '111~11n~ ?i'~il' ~1.l~::J::J 'iI'::J~T1 ,::J" 11N 1.l"!:)!;t il?N C".l'l~j.' C~"i' .run ~N::J ?lV c~'rv!:).l' C"~"i' Cn.l~ " 41.i'l'i' 'In::J ~T::J'~ 11'On"11n '~l? 11~'t:lJlOi'Nil 'm~rv'N 11N '::J!:)il I:JN' 'n::J~il mnen m"o~iI .'~lV~ C~'::J' C~N~::J~ C.l~N '~'~~?m C~:J'11:J:J ,:J, '~Nrvil N' ?'.l~ Ti"~' 11~"11il ":J~ nu-nn T.l~N' '111'11 ?lV rrnn» 11N m'N:J~ T.l~N 1.l~'~::J "mJlV m"O~iI1 ,'?lV T.l~N ,? 11'Om~~n 11"~!;til T~ 11'::J' 42.m~J!:)-?'t:I.l m~Nrv ,~!:)''''~:J C~.l'lViI C~t:li"~il 43.m.l~~il~ TJ~N m:J' C~~Y!:) ,'~m"N C~,,!:)~O, '~lV~ m'~~~ mN~:J~iI C~"lV'~ " mOm~~il 11"~~~:J ,::J,:J, "~"i' ~'~-?Y "~NJlV C~':J' ?'.l~ Cn.l~ ", ,on" mlV'!:)11~ ,"n 11",i' ~:J"? m?::J'i'~il 11":J'Yil I:JN .rnne m~,~on m~'~', 'WpJrv ,C~'O'~il' 11"'O~il ::J'::JO ?'!:)'Yil 11"~?rv il~" Cf;.'K .C' J'lVil 11"'P~::J 111mo il"l::J 11~NiI "rv,~ N'iI C~J'rv;'l C~,!:)o~m c~,yn ~.l~Y::J Pl'i' 111'11 11N T"!:)N~iI ~T::J'~iI "rv'~iI .rn "rv,~ ,rv 1.l"Jy .:Jl~ ?:J:J n:J nnNf;., m'rv!:) K" il~?N ,mn? rv~lV ,11~t:I,f;.'O:JNil ,11mrv 11"'l:J ""'iI , ?'J~ Cn.l~ " ?rv 'm'lV~N:J ilJ'lVN'::J' lVN'::J 1T il"J1:J C, :IJ1~il ,11~ 11'::J~O' ilY':Ji' ,11t:1?m~ 11nN 11~N ~'?'''? il'~ 11n N~il 11~'i'~Yil 'my~lV~lV n~" 1N 111Y~"J ?::J K" ilP~Yil:J' il,~prv::J il::J?ilil' il"11il "~~'::J n~':l~ nmrvilf;. 11',yf;.::JiI 1"il!V


.44 ",y;, ,17:17 ;'K' ,117:JK7 :1!l'Ktv:1 7Y ,1'71!l ,Pll't:I :;'K' ,1'ln 'K:l oy 7'J7:J OnJ7:J " 7tv ;','7:Jn7:J:1 lm:1J;, 7Yl PI1P:l ;"!l1't:lJI'7:J;, 7Y

,'''''K ;63,53 '7:JY ,0pK!l ;n!l-:1!l ,:l!l,!l ,:1Y ,KY,Y '7:Jy ,PI1P l'1':l ,1'17 ;124 '7:JY ,'71:ltvK ;58-57 '7:JY OnJ7:J " 7Y "101' ':l1'7:J " tzi" "':l13 tzi'K ,'7Y 111'11 K7' Pl0!l:1 11K .115-105 ,103 ,90,76 '7:J)I '1t:1':l" 7Y .111Jt:lP:1 111'Y:l7 1:lJl'17:JlV O'K 13":1 ":lUlV'K ,'7Y 11l'17 7:l1l'1 K7 :1Y7:Jtv7:J 11K ,K':l1 71J7:J

.pIlp 11':l ,1'17 :;'K, ,1'7:Jl'1 ';':l7:J:1 7P7:J:1' ,PI1P ',ln711:l'1P7:J:1 ,11't:l0'J17:J1:1:1 11'111107:J;' "'!l1,1"1t:10':1il7tzi :1"K1:1"11'11I7:J 1"t:l17:J:1 ,UP1'1 7Y

111'1P7:J:1 ;'K, ,1'I"-;'I':lI'K ')1n7:J 111'017:J71!l 111'107:J:l '''t:lI7:J:1 ,'701:l1't:lJ1P:1 1Pl'1:1 llmY7 ,PI1P7:J ':l,;' ,'0!l7K ;570-567 '7:Jy ,:lIOn ,(37 :1'Y;, ,7'Y7) 7tziyn 0) l"Yl .7'y7 37 ;"Y;':l 0'J'1I7:J;, ,'J7:J"" 11P7:J" nOU:l1"Y) 111"On:1 ,01P'7:J :,111tv" .OPK!l1 IY-)y '7:JY ,PI1P 11':l ,1'17 ;KO-O ,lJ-J '7:JY m'1p7 ,t:lT7K " 7tzi llp17n7:J:l O"Utv;, 1":l'7 117:J1P17:J 01'7:J' 11J'n:l:l 0:1 1":l'tzi ,(35 7 ,309 '7:JY ,Ql0!l'7 '7:J "":lI1:l7:J 0)'11) 1'71!l 111'Y':l ,1tzilt:1!l1K " mK'1 .10-7 '7:JY ,(37 n'Y:1 ,7'Y7) 111,'0n;, M. Faierstein, 'The Friday Night Incident in Kotsk: The History of a :mltvm ;K"!l'l'1 ntv'Kl1

Legend', Journal of Jewish Studies, 34 (1983), pp. 179-189

.111'111 , ':lJ'17 ;:l7:J-K7:J '7:JY ,lK7:JOP'7:1 ;(37 :1,yn ,7'Y7) 7tziY:1 :;,K, ,7:J"7:J, 7tv l1111m 117:JK;, :ltv17:J 7tzi 17:J1P7:J 7Y

'7:J)I ,Otzi :;'K' ,111'7t:11t:1;, 7Y ,)!l ,IJ ,K7,1,' '7:JY ,pIli' l'1':l ,1'17 ;nJ17:JKl 117:JK ,1t:1'K ;111'111 ,')J'17 7'J7:J "7 7:lK 1 ••• 1 17tv7:J 117:JK OJ7:JK tv' ,nK 7:l7' :nK, ,111Jltv 111":ln .67-66 ,37 '7:JY ,0pK!l ;J-n7:J ,'''''K) ':1'7Y1"Y1Y7:J l'Ktv ,17:Jm 7Y7:Jl 01P7:J:1 7Y7:J ,7:l:1 7Y7:J K'ntv 117:JK ,11'nIJ 117:JK ,l1nK 117:JK :1l'1':1 nt:l7n17:J 111')ll1:1 0':1 7'J7:J " OJ7:JKl ,111'tzi!l7 0':l0:17 O'J!l 01tzi:l 71:l' U'K :11:l ,tvK 01K' ;(130 '7:J)I )1'):1 'K7:J ':lPY 1111':1:l1 .017tzi ':l'1 01tv7:J :11tv!l 'J'7:J 7:l7 ,'tzi!l7:J:11 'YI7:JK:1 7':ltv7 ,:l:1m 7':ltv7 lK 7:lil n'lp:1 n7:JO'O:l i17:J7:111ntzi nt:l'tv:1 '1'7 ,111'J11'pn mnK "'7 17tv 1117':ll'1:1il 1 ••• 1 l1'Y'7:J ;1'J!l7 :1tzi,n ", PI1P7:J 7'J7:J "1' :mltv:1 ,l'1t:17n17:J:1 117:JK7 :1!l'KlVn 7Y .(80 '7:JY ,0PK!l) '017:l K7 n'Jtzi:1 1 ••• 1 :1117:JK7 117:JKn ,nK tvl'17 K7K ,:1'J!l K77 ,:1'111 7tv :11'7:J1Y7 111'7 n'111 '17:J71111'tziK':1

43 44

40 41




C'NDJ7Jil ,"1J1J 53.??:lJ 11"111:l 7J0?' 11??':l m:l7JO? 11')'1py m,,,)I1il1 I11)1IV ?IV 'D1P)'0""N IV'1'~? llD?'J il"D) I1~PlllV7J ,'DO'7J CT'?P"1' I1'DO':l1)N llU)'Jllil il,'7J"m7JN llJ:lil? il7J"7J CilJ 111:l')' ,C'1J'il ?IV 11'?")il emm ?Y il"illl?' I1'N':l7Jil YJ) "1n"IV il7J" ,C?'N • 'IVUNil l"O')il ?IV 111'Y7JIV7J 11:l1Yil? il1"IVil 17J mrnnn ,mYil7J' ,,11J'JOJ I1'N':l7Jil ?IV il111"7J7J",nJ 1~':lil '1'P7J C'''IV'7J"C?'Y 1':l" 111,':l'7J ,l1nN m:l7JO '~-?Y J"lYJP)il ,D?n'7J I:]P11111?YJ llnN 117JN? 11'?D'Dil ilY'Jlli1 ,,,) llN:l' 11117J l:]'IVn? 111":l'IV il7J" .P:l'P7J ?,)7J Cn)7J '1 '1Jm 'J1 ?IV ':l1' llN il)"~~IV ,'111i1 C?,YJ c'IV,n ll1Y7JIV7J "J1 ,'T mO)I1i1J m'y 11117J' ,'J1 1lnJ illVPil ,mO)l1il il"7J"m7JN ?IV il1'IV ilJ'l7JiI ,il~'p7J C?'Y"110'~I1? 'IV'Nil 1)1'0') llN 1'~iI? ":l7JN7J'

.1~""I1N:l" 11')m1 il7J:l'Y '111111? UPiI ,C'Nil ?IV ,111'JY 11'?:l11 111'''iI? 11"1'P7J llnN I1'Y7JIV7J",n 117JN l'NIV ,ilJYDiI lllV"'ilJ iI)"~N11il 1:]0" ':l'17J '1 ?IV ':l11

'N I1'N1P7Jil 111'07Jil llN'1pJ ,'111il J,'nil 11JJilJ llnN 117JN l'N' ,11'N':l7Jil 110'~I1J ,m'J,p7J m1'07J '''):l ,N?N ;C'P7J ?:lJ, 17JT ?:lJ I:]P111 I1?YJ N'ilIV 117JN ,CIVil 111'JYJ C'y"Uil ?IV Cmil7JJ il"?l1il ,11,m'7J il"N1"11"'T IV' ,11'1",IV mrum C'm'1 ilO'~11 '0'~1 C'1J'il 1111'7JN l'J il)nJilil p7J'YJ, 17JTil I1'Y7JIV7JJ ,111J'O)il '~'NJ ,il)":lil J'DJ ,1J'J l:]'O"l'N iI":l7Jil I1'N':l7J ')~? J:l') C'Nil ,111~PIVil '~"?Y .Cil?IV l'Yil"I1'N'7J l'J? 'N I1'N" ilT'nN"111,pJ ?:l ilJ l'N ,17J'?:l ,117J"07J 111y7JIV7J il?'DJ llNT CY' ,11"'Y7JIV~ N?N CrN C"7JIV"il il'IV'J?' C'Nil mIVi17J 111110) l1'il?Nil illl'il7J l:lIV ,I1D?m7J 117JN Cll")'''J1 llN ,C"J'il 'P7J'Y' llN ,,'IV7J C,Nil1'N ,1J' ?IV 111'7JN' .C"J'Y-llT'nN' il'?IVN llN ,11'YD'7JiI Cll"On' llN 'N ,CmN ilD,y:1 '1"",il1 'IV'J?'iI llN P' N?N ,Cllll'7JN llN 'N 17J ,il"N:l?IV 111N':l7Jil 17J y?n'il? ',:l 54.Cil?IV l'Yil"I1'N17J llN' I1?J'P7Jil C111rn ,,:l, ,Cil? ~'~:l C'NilIV ,1'Yil"I1'N17J' I1~Y'JPiI 11~?IVN7J ,l1m'1il m'),,,,ni11 m'J':l'nil ?YJ Y'lil ,il,'7J" my7JIV7J il7JY IV'IV il7J'l1n ??:l? C'y',,7J C)'N C'1J'IV il1:lil? Y'''il? ilJIVn7J"'O'~' nO'J' .mrn 'IVUNil1"0'JilIlN 1111110il ,11'?OP"1~ il"N' 11' 'm?IVil '7J' C'J~il ',J', llN l:]'IVn?, I1?J'P7Jil C?'Yil"110'~11 llN 1Y1Y? ',:l CilJ iI'ilIV C"DP?N"

.il'm1'7Jll llN' l'yil 17J il"7JOil mN':l7Jil ?IV

?IV 11',Y?J 111N':l7J? ,11"'Onil il':l)J7J'Nil 111111 ?IV ilm1J ,1YD 'IVN ,1:]0" ':l'17J '1 110n"l17Jil ,il":l7Jilll'IVUNil il"N1i1"I1"'T ?IV illl'~PllllN '111111J 1'1~il ,11'il?NiI il:11i1il

• "IVY7J7J' C'Nil ?IV IVm7Jil 1)1'0' J7J 111Y7JIV7J ?:l ??IV' ,11'N'l7JiI ?IV l'Yil"I1'N17J?

0"1 :0'1t11' 111 ,1l"':> ;lnOtll c"n ::1 ,m':>tIIM '0 :11m ,M7.l'PM ,::IP)7' 11':1 :MN' '''01 ':>tII 1lP1" ':>)7 53

~1)7M ,':>')7':» 10':>"N " :MN1 ,C'1::1'M ':>tII 11't:l0'l101M MllM .Ml'::II'NO C'117.l'NM ,1'1':> ':>", :M'll1t:llN :294- 303 '0)7 ,(32

0'117.l'NM ,1'1':> :MN1 ,11nN 11' 1'NtII ,11'Nl'::II'NM Ml)7t:lM ':>)71 Pl1P neu 11nNM 117.lNM ':>tII M11)7PllM ':>)7 54

,0"1 :MN' ,Ml':lI'N 11t11':>:1 1m1 P7.l1)7 C'nl10M ':>)7 .556 '7.l)7 ,M'7.l1l1t:l1N ,r"tII :41 '0)7 ,Ml':lI'N7.l

.225 '7.l)7 M'll1t:l1N ,':>"lM :449 '0)7 ,CI'l'01t:l'



'I1~PIVil '~?IV , 'I1IV"~ llN '?'N' ,'C?3t'O'?' 'C'p,7JY C'7J'? '1IVn'? ?,J7J CMJ7J '1 11::l'n7JJ ilN1' '" '7J'N 11"'IVil' 'JIV 'Y'7JJ YJp ,11'7J'7JIV il?'N" N?N l1'IV'N ilY'''J ilJ illl'iI N? IN:l il1"YIV ,'11:I'TY ,nN? 49.'11"'IVil ?IV 111Y'IV", ,""IVil 1':l1 1'N'J 11'~?N il1Nil ilJ '0" 50,,'7J' 1:]'0 'Y ?,J7J CMJ7J '1 ?IV 111""Jllil?' ,m1"110il? ilN'Jil1 P:l,pJ J, cyn il1IVY"IV?IV 1IV7JJ ,:l" '~"?Y ,','on llN "'ilJil CIV ,il:l'JT'NJ '?IV7J 1ln 1:]0" ':l'17J '1 52.'m?IViI '7J' '~OJ p7J 1nN? 'O)':lIV ,11'IV,nil nrnrn llN '111Y 'JJ? il1m, 51ilJIV ?,J7J CMJ7J '1 ?IV ':l1' ?IV D?n'7JiI il:l'~'iI ?y 1110"7J illl'illV ,ilD'IV nll'~ 'T il!l,pllJ 11~')IV? ilP'7JY7J ilJ'IV ?Y' '?IV llD?m7Jill17JNil "IV'7JJ il"!l:l ?Y ,il"ilJilJ' il"JYJ Pl'P7J

.1'?J,?7J ilT1nil ,pn:l' Jpy' '1 111111J 11'P7JIV ,11'7JU1D'NiI ilY1:lilil m,'n?, ,7J?7J ," 11"'N 11"'Onil 111'07Jill7J' 'm?IViI '7J' ?YJ ?IV ,'J11:l7J il?'Yil ,'Jm1il1P"'il ilTYil ,'DO'D"~"'J!l"O C"n"m'N CY m?!l'7J llU'7J? i1T ,:lJ rn ilJ '~1D:lJIV m7J' ?Y m'7JY 1m7J? llU?J'O ,11?n? m1"11'N ,:lJ '7JlY 'J"? il17Jnil ,11'1'p7J ilJIVn7J' I1'Jm1

.1'111t111n11 110l1)7 ':>)7 C'10':>OM ,1'1':>'l':> MO'ptll C':>)7MM 11ll1P11':> C'll'P)7 C'I7.l1 C'111ll 'm':>tIIM '7.l':I N1MtII 117.ln7.l l11N 111P7.l)7 ':>11l l'tIIM':> 1t11llN 'N 1110'll11:1t11 1l"M ,)7ll17.l 117.lN NIM 1t11nl' :':>tII7.l':> ,MN1 N':>tII tIIP::l':> 1'1l1 C'N'::Il::l 1':>'llN C'':>1'l C'tII'N:I 1':>'llN 111'M':> '1::1' C')7MM rm P17.l)71 )7ll17.l 1N7.l 17.l:l 111)711N7.lM 1'N:I C'NM t:lt:llt117.ltll 1l"M ,C'7.lM 'lll ')7 11lln17.l C'P'N m11 M,',n 111)7t:l CM' )71N' ,m'tIIM '7.l) '11"'tIIM ,til l11Ylt11' ll"M 11N 'M' C'P'N 17.lN'1 1MT1 " 17.l1N 11"'tIIMtII ')7 C'P17.l)7 C'7.l:l

.(, 7.l)7 ,:I"n ,1111:ll11Mm 11t:l'm7.lM 117.lNM 11)7':111 ,111,,1:111MM ,11'l11'PM 11lllll0M 17.l "l7.l Cnl7.l '1 ,til 1:1)77.lM 111PllM ,M'll1111l1'7.l ,C't:llt11llM c','onM 110M7.l 'M,'n:l' ,til 111t111n11 'N ,M11'tIIN17.l 1:l1' 11N ll"llNtII 7.l"7.l, tv1ll '''7.l1 ,tv 111:1'T)7 ,nN' .1')01' ':I"7.l '1 ,til 111:1'T)7:1 '1t11p it'it ,11)7l'tII1 1111l110M ,itTit C'1)7it Ml7.lltll) 1"11 ,til 1'1:1' MN1 .111:1':10 cy 1t11P ,:I t:l)77.l:l P11'l1 1'7.l' '110 ,y 11,n:l "1:111it ,C'1)7it 17.l ,0PNll :132 '0)7 ,Ml1M:l 111:1 ,C1N:l1'l :Cl MN1 .1:11)7:1 ,tII,nM C"1'lit Ctv ,1"" :1111:1 (PllP ','on C)7 Ml':lT'N 11pl'n7.l ')71 1')01' ':I'17.l '1 ,til 111:1'T)7 ')7 .570-568 ,:I ,(37 M1)7M ",y,) 'W)7M .61-54 '7.l)7 1":11' ml'M7.l::l1 18-17 7.ly ,t:l"01111":ll' ,C'1t11' 11' ,1Yl'" Mn7.ltll c"n :'1)7 1")7 ,M'111::1P)7:1 PllPl ,itl17.lNl 117.lN ,1t:l1N mO-NO ,'l '7.l)7 ,lN7.l0P"l :244-243 '7.l)7 ,111,'onM ,01P17.l :11'-l' '7.l)7 ,1925 OP"lllN ,17-15 '7.l)7 ,'1:1M ,1"t:ltll1"ll :125-124 '7.l)7 ,"1:1t11N :58-56 '7.l)7 ,1"1ll ,Pll1t:l :'P ,I:l '7.ly :33-31 '7.l)7 ,itl':lT'N7.l C'117.l'Nit ,,"lit :Nll-:l)7 '7.l)7 ,PllP 11':1 ,1'1' ;Tl-ll '7.l)7 ,PllP 11':1 ,'Oll'N :99"89 ':I'17.l '1 C)7 ,n' .(42 M1)7M ",y,) 1"t:ltll1"ll :mlt11it :61-54 '7.l)7 ,0PNll lMN1 ,MtII"llM 111:1'Ol ')7 Ml'::II'N7.l ::I1M')7 C'1)71)77.lM WN1:1 .1":ll'7.l1M:lM Pl'l '11 1l"N :1'" M'1M' '1 Cl PllP 11N 1:1T)7 '101' :183 ,179 '7.l)7 ,01P17.l :MN1 ,','onM itln7.l:l PllP' 111'll11itM ,y .1'lO:l'N7.l 1'l)7M 11ln '1 it'M

.M7.l-l7.l '7.ly ,PllP 11':1 ,'Oll'N ru '7.l)7 ,lN7.l0P"l N' C'1)77.ltll '7.l:l 11"'Onit ml07.l:l y'1l1 m1p7.l M'7.l)7:1 '''7.l1 1n:l 7.l"7.l1 ,til 11'l":lit lm7.l)7 117.l1)7' I' tII'tII 'N1t11'7.l tIIlll Clt11 11m" N'tII T7.l11 MI' :'m'tIIM '7.l':I 11T7.l1l II 1:11' .1t111'7.l 11':l7.l tII'N Mn1 17.lNl rn 'Yl 11"'tIIM " )7"0' nt:l:l 1N 1117.l"tII:I 1"')7 111:17.l 1:1' 1'NtII I')N 'M 1nN 1t117.lM' MPltv11 .59-56 '7.l)7 ,1',1ll ,Pll1t:l lMN1 ,11:11P7.lit 1:l1' ')71 1111'tv'N ')7 .(N")7 T' ,:I"m ,CtII ,"1'M'N 'it CtII:I 111t111 it:lll11 Clt117.l C'1::1':I tII'tII PllO l'Nl O)7:1M 111'7.l 'll C':lPll C'1::1' C'1"ll 'm'tIIM '7.l' ,til 1:l11N ,:I, 01)7:l' N'tII Pl0llM 1'Ml7.l itl:l' :,tIIO, ,itN11 ,10)7:1:11 1ll)7l:1 )7,1ltll ,"l7.l Cnl7.l" ,til 11'l"ll1NM 1111'7.l' ,it:ltlln7.lM ')7 Cl 1'17.l11 111:l'itM ,:l 117.lN:I l:1N' :(N")7 T' ,:I"n) '1"n:l f1P'tII ')7 1l1l1 '1:11)7 ')7 1:l ,:l nn 0)7:l NIM C"1:l)7 l'l)7 1P')7t11' :(J")7 T') "N1t11'0 tIIlllJ 0)7:l Clt11 Nl7.l' N'tII ml1 nl'11 N'tII 17.l:l itN1 .(J")7 10) 'P7.l1)7J 0)7:l Clt11 lJ Nl7.ll N,tII Jlt:l :I, N'M 'N1t11' l'lY 1P')71 1t11lll1 1'tII c"nit NIM

.6 P1ll ,'1:lit ,1"t:ltll1"ll :Cl .J nllOl itN1 - 'm'tllit '7.l' ')7






I1'Y~tV7Y'ni1 i1111tV~~:I ,,::J, 7'::J~ '!:l::J ptV ,01,i1i1 7tV 11'~~~'Jl't i10'!:l111 ,:lYi1 my~tV~ i1X, N10 • 'tVUXi1 ipO'Ji1 7tV "tV!:l 11::J'Yi17 i1Yl:1i' I1nN 1" 7tV i1!:li'111:1' 111N'l~i1 7tV 111tV~~i111N 0!:l111 (:I"Y m ,ri'~ ,N"n ,m7tVi1 ,~) 'i"I1!:l 1"li1 o"n [ ••• ] i"01Y 'J'Jy 7::J':I N'i1tV ,11'i17Ni111~Ni1 ,'I1!:li'tVi1 '!:l7 ',i1tV :mJY!:l' ""~ O':I"n~i1 ,07Y01 '110i1::J l1'tVlni1

:i17tV i1~Y~1 tVl:17 ,i1'110i1 N'N U'N i17~Ji1 7::Jl 1'Yi1 i~ i1"~0 ,;,"n'i111'I1'~Ni1111tV~~i1

i17~I1'tV 'Y i1,,:lY:I mlY n"~i1' 1'l" O'N01 lmi1Ji1 "110i17 N'i1 11"'tVi1 ill' tV'N 1'111:1tVn~ 'i'~Y 'X~ O'P~ 7::J~ 'i11'tVY~ "'~ i1~ i1T1 [ ••• ]I1"'tVi1 mi1Ji1 '7 ,:I"n ,m7'tVi1 ,~) i'~'Y01 '110i1i1 17 "N" i1m '1:10'1 '1:1Y'tV 'Y Y" N7 'Y:I

.(N"y ~~ ,0"i111

111y~tV~i1-'0'n 11~1)7' 'Ni1 ,tV 111"::J'-":::l I1N 1":1' '::J:I 0')7~;"l1 :ltV "lOP '::J"~ " i1:l1':li1 i1"tVNi1 11~1Y' m110Ji1 l1'i1'Ni1 ;':1'i1i1 ,tV i1ml1'~N I1N' ,0'Ni1 l1"tV)7 7tV rnn C"Y:l i'" O'~tV I1X" "1Nl o'~tV "':1 7:li1 I1~N:I ':l' :,~l't' ,i1'~Ji1 'tVUl'ti1 i"O'J:I P~1Y 1':ltV Y":l~i1 ,,:li1i1 I1N tV'~'i1 '1Y .(N"Y n ,N'" ,N"n ,0tV) '1:l" '''tVi1 "110i1 ,tV i11110!:lN 1':1, O,,~,~tVi1 i1tVY~01 j1l'i1 ,tV C111'JU:I'1 l1'i1'Ni1 i1:'1i1i1 ,tV I1'Y~tV~i1 O'N m'1Y!l~1 ,:1, ':l ')71!:l;' N'i1 '''tVi1 ':l' :'l'N;' i1tVY~i1 ,tV ,m':l0111'tVUNi1 i1:110i1 i1":lPi1tV ,~' :'1':1' 'i1' P' i1'1Y!:l n:l O'N 01tV' "N' ,r'Ni1 'i1' ':l [ ••• ] ,:1, o,tV i1tV)7' N' '''tVi1 ill' i'~1)7~ I1UtV' ")7!:l' N' O'Ni1 'J:I i1tVY~ ,:ltV i1N" "J')7 ni'!l~1 " "N~ O'~tV "':1 ,,:li1tV ,mYt:li1 7tV i1~tV:I .(N"Y m-:l"Y :I~ "i1:1 ,N"n ,CtV) 'i1'YtVi1 ~ln:l "1K ipO'J;' i~ 'mtV' "1P111 ':::l "tV ,i1"N:l'tV mN'l~1 1'Y-I1'N'~ N'N i1J'K mtV~~i1 ,:I, '!l:l 1:l'!l' S':lP 'mi1~ '~Y~ ':l 0i1, 1'NtV iY~1 ,m"i1 :li1J~i1 i~1 rrreen i~ ,'tVUNi1 111Y'111:1 O'Ni1 '~:I'tV tVi":I, 1171ii1 7Y i11117n:11 O'N "':1 11~'m~ m:l~O ,tV i1!:li'111:J ,1"~'i1 'tV,:I, I1N "0' ,111'~tV:I~ '~lY ~'tV!:l' ,0"l'Ni1 r-n 7tV 11~'m~i1 0111tV~~ I1N '''tVi1~ i" N';' ':l.i1 ':l ':l:l i':I~i1 O'Xi1" :O'i1'N reu o"n, "1NtV" ,i1~tVi1i1-'l'i" mY~i1 ,ri'~ ,N"n ,CtV) '0" 11'~X o"n, Y' :I~' ,:1, '::J:I OY~ 1':I~ rn ':Ji1 i1'n' "!:l Nl'~~ i'"

.(:I"Y i~ 'i1'Ni1 i'l'i11111'~N I1N mnN~i1 ,i1:11i1;' ,tV I1'Y~tV~-"i1 i1111i1~' C'Ni1 ,tV 111UY'i1 ,,~ 0i1 C'tVY~i1" 'c'~tV "':1 7:Ji1 I1~N:I' i':I :I,tV"i1 'N ,'tVUNi1 i1tVY~i1 11:7tVN 11K' m'~~ - ',:1, o,tV i1tVY' N7 O'Ni1 111"Y!:l~" ,'i17'Y!:l n:l C'N 0'tV7 i'N" 1':1, ""tVi1 ,tV 11' 111i1~i1 111J'tVn:l i1,:li1:1, C'Ni1 11:110' Nl'~-111'i' J:l I1'N"-'Ni1 I1Y'111 r'~'N:I ,~'tV!:l~ Yi'!l'~tV 0'1)7:1 'N" N'i1 i'!:l0i1 i" ptV ,'111i1 i1'O'J' Xl'~ 111'i'J:l i'!:l0-117~:1 mN"1i1 lJtV 0'1Y mJ':l~i1 ,'T 11'~P'N" i1'~Y ,tV i111'Y~tV~ • i')7-11'N'~:J OMJl l1'On':1 I1Ui'!:lOi1 '7'N' ,'i1'Ni1 ,ll"~ ,i'Yi1 i~ "~0i1 ,~~, 110n"l1~ 11'~0'J'~'~':1 tV"'!:l:l ~"'!:l:l mN:lI1~ ,i'Y-I1'N'~ N'N ,:1 i'NtV 07'Y:I C'Ni1 7tV '11:1,n 111'i17 11::J!:l':1

:m'tVi1 ,~' 'Y:I ,tV N'i'~:1




",:1, 11"'tVi1 p, C7'Y:I :1',i1 C,tV i'N' 111'70i""!:li1 111'~'~:I i1nOU '7tV "O'il-l1nJi1 l1'i1'Ni1 111n::JUil N':1 i1"n'i111'I1'~Ni1 111tV~~i1 ,U":1, ,'C'tVY~:1 '::J I'll Nli1 'N;, ill'"~ l1'tV~~ m'N 111'!:lJ i1:110:l 111N'l~:1 '7'N' ,0'tVY~i1 '::J 111i1~' 111:1'0i1 ,:J 11:1'0 N'i1tV 7:l 7tV :1111:1'tVn I1l1n!:li1 i111'i11i i10'!:l11~ i111'YtV i1Ji'O~i1 55.i'Y-I1'N'~' i" 11~"P N'N

!':17N:1 i'l':1 ,tV ~'m~:1 m~7tV 'J!:l:l i111'y~tV~ 7tV 'm~ 7't:I':I' l1'tVUN :1"tVY

'!:l'0 ,y, C,'Y:1 I1N":I~ ,tVYJtV C'tVY~i1 '::J 1'11 N':1 [11:J11' CtV:1] '''tV:1tV U":1

.(N"Y " ,'J'~tV ,N"n ,m'tVi1 ,~) ':1, C,tV i1tVY' N7 ml' '117:1'

i1:1tVn~:11 ":1'i1i1~ 1X c" ,tV:I :1tVY~7 C'N'J C7'Y:I C'tVYJ:1 C'tVY~:1 '::J U":1 ,,~ C:1 C'tVY~:1 'tVN '''tVi1 U111N ,~,~ 111'tV'!l:1 '7N:I' ,'''tVi1 :1tVy~ Ci1tV C'X,J '~NJ i1T ')7 mtV' ,:1, C'Ni1 :1tVy'tV C'tV)7~i1 ':l1 .C'N:1 'l~ C:1 111:1tVn~i11 '''tV:1 C111X :1711' C'~y!:l7 i'" '''tV:1 "J C:1 1!l'i1 'N 111l~i1 :1tVY~, ,C'~tV "':1 ':l:1 ':l

.(N"y " ,:ltV" ,CtV) C'X:I N7 1'Y7:11 1':111' U~~ N':1 ':li1 C'tV,y CI1NtV i1tVy~ ':l ':l U':l111 'Y'11 I1NitV .(:I"y i10 ,U'iNi1 ,CtV) ,:1, m'N 111tVy, 1'~' I1N' ", I1N tV'N c'"

111)7' '!l' i" U'N' C,tVi1 11!:l"i':l i" U'N C'Ni1 m'n:ll C'~tV "':1 ':li1 ,P~1)7:11 1'J!l' '1'~ ':Ji1 :1';" CN:ll C'N:111":lY:l rl!:ln' ':J C'N 'J:I~ 1:J" "110:1 '''tV;, ':l

56.(:I"y J ,n'1p ,CtV) ;"1J)7 CltV 1:1 n~l' N'

';"Ni1 ill';' n"::J '!:l-'y C'Y':l1~::J C'Ni1-'J:I 'tVY~ I1N i1Nl';, .n 11'~O'J'~'~' ;"~Y , ill,;, tV!l1m i1"nJi1 11:7tVN I1Nl l1'tVUN:1 i1"tVYi1 ,tV 111Y~tV~i1-'Oln 11K l1!:ltVlm 11' JP!:lO :1'~Y7 ,117:11i'~ 111:l~0 ':l 7Y '1Y'Y7 O'OJ ,"101' ':J"~ " 7tV lmlm i1tV~'tV ;'N":1 ,11'J'i'~i1111'O~:1 11~'Y7 .111~::J0'~:1 7Y p'7n, :1Nl'tV 11'~O'::J'JN C71Y-110'!l117' Clnl1 'Y 'i'!:l'~:J 7N;' I1N' i1tVY~:1 C7'Y:I' :1':lJi1 C1nm "tVY~ 7Y 'N,nN::J C'N:1 I1N 111'l~;' C'tVY~:1 c,nn - i1'~J:1 C,nl1tV iY~ 'm'tV:1 ,~' 'YJ ,:1JtVn~:1 C'1Y ,y, C'YJ:1 .C,'N:1 111tV':I "l~ - I1'JtVn~i1 - C'YJ:1 C,nl1:1 "'N' ,'Ni111'tV':I 'i'!:l'~ _ 111"JY01 n O'J:111YP!:l01 ,C'N:11 'Ni1 'on' ,J,:I 'N :1tVy~, i1:JtVn~ ,J'J 111~:J0'~:111::J'!:l:1 cy ,n' 7tV l1'on' ;'0'!:l11 "~Y:1' tVP'J 1:)0" '::J"~ " ,il'1N:l' l1'y~tV~-'ni1 '111Tn~ 'tVUN:1





r":J~on ?rv nn'nrvn nN rv'n~ J,n:J? 11'O'J ,'YJ nl':JT'N~ '10" ':J"~ " ?rv ,m'n::J nN',i' .N'i'~n ~rv~ ?rv nrv,n nN',i' mYl~N:J ':Jyn nN nJ'rv nJ:Jn J':Jn?, n'm'o~n ,mrvn-'l'i' ,O'Nn ?rv ,rv~J n"'~n ?rv n'J~T-?y m~i'nrvn? N'i'~n nN n:J!:"n 'T ,"?y o','y~ ,,:JJ, 13:J .':Jyn nN rv'n~ :JlY~ n"nn n:Jrv mon"nn nm:J~' ,"~:J?' on n"n:J O":JTJn mY"N~n ?:J, ,~'~:J O'N ?:J? O':J"rv n"n ',:J, ?:J ,'W 1~'?rv ,y~rv~ .(n~'i'n ,:J"n ,m?rvn ,~) "", ", ?:J:J rv~J ?:J ?y O',:J'Y, O'N ?:J? O':J"rv ny ?:J:J nrv"n~n ,m:Jm , ",~o'n ,:JY? on" n~n , ?:J'i'~n N'i'~n ~rv~ ?rv 'nYi'~n N?' :1":J1? J:Jrv ,m,n:J O'J,rvn O'N"i'n ?rv omn,rn m'~, OJ"O'J ,ony,-?,i"rv '!)_?Y ,:Ji'Y' n':J) 'o"n 13?,:J o,'n n~ n?N UnJN 13nN ':J nNrn n":Jn nN 'n m:J u'n':JN nN mYl~N:J ,J?n? nN'Jrv '~:J ,nnrvYJrv ,':Jyn ?rv nJ'rv nJ:Jn 'l:J .(504 '~Y ,m!)o,n "~:J? 'm,rvn ,~' ?Y:J Nl' ,nn",n n'N'i'~n m,o~n n~'y? n:J'~n n"?i'~oN m~yn m,nn ?rv 'm"~~-'n nN ,"~n?' m:J'l' m')o~ ?,?rv? ,n?:J'i'~n o':J,yn n:J'Y~:J ?y, n?:J'i'7.Jn m:J7.Jon nYi'!)n ?y noo':J7.Jn ,n'~i'?N" O')rv,7.J n:J'y?J m?Jyn ,,'_?y ,m,o?Jn ?rv n'n'?JNn nmy?Jrv?J ,:J,:J n'Ji'~o m'on' nY:J'?J ",:J,:J .rron- n?JN:J n':Jn m?':J) T'N' 'n':J?Jo rv"i'?J ~Oi'~ ,:J, ?rv m'?JN? T'Nrv m?J'Nn n~':J n'~y nT~'J' "l'7.J? Tn'J U'Nrv m',y7.Jrv?J ?rv ,rv,y O,?) 'n?Nn 11l':J Y:Jrv ,O'i'?J, T?JT ?rv o':J"n?J n'?Jm~'Nn m:Jrvn?J i" , 'n~i'rvn '!)"?y .:Jm:Jn ~rv~:J 'N "'~o'nn "'?'):J 'Y?Jrv?J-,n ?rv 'Y?Jrv?J nN T':JJ"?N rv,~? n',rvy ,n)rvn? yn'J 13'Nrv nN )'rvn? mnmn ,O'Nn ?rv ?rv 'n'?JNn n'rv~ nN' 'n?Nn 11l,n ?rv 'n'y?Jrv~ nN nY:J'i' N'n i'" 'm,o?Jn ''''In OJ:J" N'n nrrrum 'O""':J' 'N 'mi'!)O' n'"i' n n'~i'?N" ny"n .0'J~-m',?J m:"n n'~y nYl'?J ",:J,:J 57.(5 '?Jy ,m~rv ,:Jpy' n':J) 'no'~n ,? T'Nrv 0'i'?J? u"n ,n'i"DO? nN n"~y~ ,m',nNn '?J,nn nN nJrv~ N'nrv nyrv:J m'l,'n nN ,'Dn? nN:Jn ,nrv,n ?rv ,mrvn7.Jrv nY:J'i" ,:J,n:m ~rv~ m:Jn:J nnN n~y?Jrv?J n",rv ,i'Don In:J?.J:J m,o?Jn nN ,:J,n:Jn m":J nN nnJY~?Jn N'n ,'n?Nn 11l,n ?rv m,y~rv?J P?J'Y:J mJ':Jn~n ,01Nn ,m,7.J'?J n"nrv ",:J, ?:J ,"N? .U?J?J :J"Mn?Jn nrvY?Jn ,rvD nK' ,:J o'?J,?)n o"13'rvn c":J,n ?rv n,urvn n"N,n ')J ,n?:J,p?Jn n'm,o?Jn m:J?Jon ')J no,nnn nN n'~i'rv7.Jn

:nn",n n'?'?'~n ,my?Jrv?J '~-?y 'n?Nn ''''In ,rv n'Y?Jrv7.J-,n nJ:Jn ,)J,

n"'rvn? ~':J'rv:J i" O'Nn C) 'rv' N? O'i'~ ?:J?J c'rv"~?J C'N'J rrun ',:J,rv '1N ~'n T"'y ",y In?rvn ?:J O"i'? ,mJ O'Nrv '1Nrv ;(N"y N:J ,Nrvn ,:J"n ,m?rvn '?J) ,orv) UNl7.J' '7.J i"7.Jy i"7.Jy N,n n"'rvn 11l' ':J n"'rvn 11l' i'?J,Y? T":J ON i'~0:J

?lI .51 '~lI,?1:ln ,l"~IZI'''!l :556 '~1IIn'I.J1J1~1K' If"1ZI :nK, ,'m?lZIn ,~' ?1I:l ?IZI ln11n:J p!lOn?lI 57 I ?"In :,1m I'Tl.JnJ " n'1n:J "K'1ZI1p"n' 10"1 " ?IZI ,',n-f'1!l 1'~K~:J T"lI,n','onn n:JlZln~:J p!lon

,?:JIZI' I T"l 'K ?IZI n!l?K~n 1nO~:J Ol nK' n 71-1 09 '1.J1I In"?1ZI n 0'?1ZI1" ,:J ?O,:J n1,'on:J o',pn~

.328-276 'l.JlI ,1988 :J':JK"?n 10"10'n ?1I:J ,'Tl.JnJ " ?IZI 1n11n:J nJ1I.JK1 mp!lO


Y1"1 '1':I::J O!:)IU ,rvK 11K prv ,m':l1p~:1 mO'!:)11:1 '::J:I P!:)O "~:1' rvp':n ':lP0!:) ~!:)rv~ '::J ,m!:)prv:1 '!:)-'Y .'f'I'K:1 i1~':1 P~1Y n::Ju, "1rv1 1'1!:)~ K1:1 11'rvUK:1 ~:I~:1-m1p:l~ i1'0':lil 11K 0' :I:I1::J~il 0"1:1' Ji11 m'1~11il ,m'1y~rv~il '1:1" n:m, 111!:)j:' 11 iJ'K m~::J01~:1 :1:1111::J:1 m10~:1 'Y '01'~:1,~'m~ I1pm, 11':l1P~:1 m10~:1 ,rv :111y':m n~1Y' .'rvUK:1 11"~~-'n :1"K' 'Y 001:1~:1,m11:1 il'O':I:1 ':I:I::J1 ,m"n~ :1~'U::J 11Y:lP:I:1 11nK 11~K 'Y1 1'1:I::J'1~ 11::J'Y~ :I'~:1 1101' '::J"~ '1 ,rv'1P~ p1n 'Y 111'01'~:1 mY1:1p m11'~K' m'~ 'Y1 'n'Nn j1~'n CY ,nN :1:1P:1 1ny" 111'1yn ,1'111mO 1'11'11rv1:lN1 m"Op1"1:l m11'~N ,rv

58.1"1":1 "rv OY1 :1::J11~:1 mY'1~n 11N 1101' '::J'1~ '1 n,yn,m1"~~-:l1:11 'n'Kn i1~1n m:1::J11~:1 :11::J:1n 11~1Y' '11'~il m'1:1:1:1 KP11' m'1~~ i:l'Krv ,1' 11UY':1' 0'::J1' ,rv 11U11rv~1 11mrv m'11rv!:)N? '10':lI1P11rv~:1 il~1:1 i':1' Yl:1P:1 '10':lI1P11rv~:1 ':1'K:1 i1~':1 i':1 i'n:l~ K1:1 .'ml0~i1 'n?Kn i1~1:1 .i~Ti11 11Y:1 '!:)' l1'n11~:1 '10':1 1':1, 11Y '::J:I :I"n~:1 '10'il i':I IN ,:1J11rv~i1 ?::J:I ?::J' O'::J'~:I:1 O'''::J :1,m '1:1":1 01':I,:1Ti1 0?1Y' on"11~1 'On?' :1:11::J~n,i1rvK'i1 :1J1::J~il ,':lrv:1 il~'n 1"Kl ;'1'111~~ :1""1'1:1 trn il,mm '1J'rv elrv ":I~ rv!:):1 '::J? ,11V i~T '::J:1 [il1m '1:1':1J 11"':1 i':I:1' Kl:1 'P'Y:11' - 11':ll1pY:1 il'n:l:1:1 01':1 ,":1 ,!:) Klm'

n~T:11 11Y:1 '!:)' Y:l1 '::J:I m~' il~ ':1 i1l' 11N

1':lYil1 :1Yrv, P1 11:I:1U :1J'Nrv ['yo~ '!:)J 11NTil :1rv1!:) :1'111il C1'O:l :111::J:lrv j':lYil ,!:)' N~17.J '::J ?Y '::J C'N:1 :1'n' 1':I? cn?:1 'Y N? '::J ?N1rv', C:1' 111N':1? nT:1 ?::J' 11Y ?::J:I '::J' 0'::J1~:lil O'''::J :11m '1:1' U":1 on, ,(:I,n ':I,) O'N:1 :1'n' 'il 11"':1 1':lil' Nln 'P'Y:11 ;1111l~ :1""11:1 ern rmern 'u'rv 01rv ":I~ rv!:):1 59.i~T:11 11Yil '!:)? Y:I, '::J:1 1:11l1 il~ ':1 il~1 11N i~T '::J:1 [n'111 '1:1':1J :l11::J:I T"'Yl ,i~Ti1 '!:)::J ':1 ill' P~1Y U':1'rv 'N'rv' m:1" 11N N~' :11m '1:1'~1 0'~1!:) Nll' rmm '::J~ '::J 'N1rv', i':I:1' ',::J:1 :1111'1:1 '::J 01'0 1nK 11Nm :1rv,!:):1 Y1!:)n' 1:1' :1T'K:1 C'N:1 i':1'rv ',::J:1 mlY C:1 rrnn '1:1' '::J1 i~T '::J'1 11Y '::J' N'K :I:1U U'N ::J":I Nl:1rv 11Nm :1rv1!:):1 :l11::J:I [i::J ,YJ ::J"Y ,n:l P10Y'1 n11Y '''rv:1

.(N"Y U ,'yo~ ,N"n ,m,rv:1 ,~) i~T'

,1~T:11 11Y:1 '1:l, 11rv'n11~ n:l:Ii1' Nl1~-mlp:l N'N U'N ,n11N::J' Y1:1pn '10'n 1N ,en'i1 Nl:1~ N'N U'N ,m'1'11N '1::J'rv:l on, IN ,i1111!:) 1'1~n 01?n::J o!:)mrv ,:1T:1 0'1Y:1 i::JW ,rv 11':1'Nn nmrv' 11!:)'rvn, 1N ,'O"11'~N:1 c"nn P~1Y?' n"1"1 ":1 ,!:) Nl1~' mwn7

:11'11",rvNn nm:1~ m::J:1:1 11':lm~:1 ,mN'l~n

:215-214 'r.J'J ,;"!l1011( ,7"l;, :453-447 'r.J'J ,Cl'l'r.J101 ,0"1 :;'1(1 ,;'1)":11'1( 110'!l11:1 ';'171(;' ,1l1;, ''.I 58 ':1 ,11]'.110 (556 'r.J'J ,;"r.J1l1011() f"W ;,P:11 .141-129 'r.J'J ,1111'n ,'11;' :28-22 'r.J'J ,71:1;' ,,"OW1"!l 11]:1;'7 '1'n';, 'r.J'0'~7;, W11'!l;' 111( C11(;' 7W l1'ln11;, ;"r.J1l1011(:1 ;'1(11 '101' ':111r.J '1 7W 1111111

:11"'W;, ,1l1' )W1r.J;'

.pnl' :1P'J' '1 7W 1'1:11' ,1'r.J,7 17 ;'1'.1;'7 ,1r.JO ,7''.1' ,;'111W;, 59




01lY n::J:I 11"'rv:1? '1:1Y'rv C'K 111'1Y!:):I :1l11 11"'rv:1 '::J C"::J!:):1 0'rv1:1':1 11"'rv:1 1'::J1' :l1rvn? O'N:1 1"~ i::J?1 lrv!:):1 rv11rv, Y':I' m,!:)m 1ml:1Y 0~1Y ", ?Y1 1?::J1' :1T:I O'Nil ,rv111' ON '::J ,1:1' 1m, lV1:1?:1 ?Y 0'N1m:1 111'~ 1N1:J'rv 0'1P :1'~ C1rv:1 C'YP1rv~ C:I'N ?N1rv' '::J r.; J 1rv11rv 1::J1:ln'1 1:1" 1'N:1 1'11'~:1 N1:1' ,:1'Yrv' ,:1"n ,m'lVil ,~) 11"'rv:111~1 '!:)::J il'~' :1'~~ 11nN Y:I,:1 C'::J!:):111~ "~11 P1

.(N"Y J'~ :1y~rv~ ,1:l1!:)':11 ,:1, rv' l":lY '::J:11 n'on' n~N 11~"P ,:1, '::J:1rv :1n:Jil:1 il~"j,:1 :1'~Yil 11!:)prv~n,1T n'~y .'y~rv~-'n ~rv!:) i'N1 11~::J01~ :1T'nN-m1p:l 1'N ,11nN 11~N Nl~:I:1 l'Krv 11l1:1 11K1 ,:1'1K::J'rv 011:11:1~ ,cmy~rv~-'n 11~?rvK~ O":1,n 11K y,n, i1'0':lil 11N :1~j,~:1 11N 11N~:1~ ,C:1,rv rrruen m"~~-'nn i~ 111?:11P~il mO'!:)11n 11N Y'i'!:)il? 1'1111110 1N m!:)013 0'j,rv1~ 1'11::J'y~ "~Y:1?1 il1'N::J? rv11!)~n ?Y 'Y1Y? 11'~0'::J1:1N:1 'Y , ':1?Nil j1l':1 ?rv 1'11"~~-:1'il ?Y 111'01'~:1 ,:1?N 1'110'!:lI1 .1'11n",:1 :1?N ?rv i'~:1 1'11y~rv~ 1'!:)':1 ?Y1 ,C'N:1 ?rv m11rv~n 11'110:JI1:1 ,rv 11'~I'?N":1 il"N1:1 :1~1':ln1'11'On':1 ?Y:I ?rv 11'~P?N"i11 11'?OP"1!:):1 ,::J" 11N 1113"!:)N~ , '10'Nm '11'l:1 ,nrvy~n1 :1:111::Jil

:11'rvUN:1 1'110:111:1:1 '1'::J~ m:1:1:11 :1111::Jil rv1"!:):1 'm,rv:1 ,~'

rv' '::J ;(N"Y :1~ ,:1'yrv' ,:1"n ,m,rvil ,~) C~1rv!:)::J ,:1?:I C:I'N 0':l1rvN'il ilrvy~ '::J

,1'11' ,N"n ,crv) 1'11' :l1~'m 1'11'~' J!:) 1:1 rv' p, :1rv1'P Y1l':I '''rv:1 N':1rv ,:1, '::J:1

N1:1 p, O"n:1 rv'1rv~ 1"n O":I'il 1Nl' N?rv [:1rv~?J 1? :1N'ilrv U"il ;(:I"y il::J

11"'rvil :1K'~ :1T:I ;(N"y ~, ,111~rv ,crv) rv~~ 1:1 i'N rv'1rv:l1 o"n? :1N':ln im

e?1Y:1 ':I':lY:1 ;(:I"Y j,' ,N:I ,:I"n ,crv) Y:1~n 11Y'~ C':l!:)il il~:1 c':I':lyn ':lrv 'N,rv', Crv'1rv:11 C':l!:)il ':lrv :1~n Crv'1rv:1 1:l? [ ••• J ,nN:l C"nN11~ C'::J1:lil 'JIt' C:1:1 i'N mil 0"nN11~1 c'::J!:):1n ?:l O'Nl~J n'111 ',:1,:1 ?:1N [ ••• J :1Ti1 C?1Y:1 C"nN11~ OJ'K

·(:1"Y T' ,:1~1'11 ,orv) '''rv:1 11N C:1:1 '1:1Y, ,nN:l crv

-'!:)::J1 C':l!:):1 ,1'11' :l1~'m 1'11'~' J!:) ,:1, ?:l:1 1'11N1,n ,:1?N 1'11'on' 111!:)prvil ?rv i'1N? ':l"~ r ,11nN 11~K i'K1 11nN 1'11K'1 l'Nrv 11UY1~1 ,0"U'rv1 1'11'1~11 ,11"" rv'11t' ,1'11Y~It'~ ,C',:1,:1 1111'~N 11N :I'rv:1? '1rvy UJ'N rrruen 111'11:1:1 o'Nnrv ,mY~:1 11N nOJ~ 1101' Y'P!:)' 1::J'!:)'1 ,:1"n11 ,rv :1~~:11 m~11~ 1'11N'1-'N:1 1'11'n? i1'J N1nrv ,'::J' i:l ON N?N ,nJJ':111~:1 11'JP!:)0:1 :1y,m:1 11N 1~lY' ,j,0'1 ,n',rvNi11 1'Yil-11'N'~ ,rv im:l~ 1~lY ;'''1,'j,:I ,n:11:1:1 1'11~'?:lil ,1'11'1Y~It'~n '1:1" ?It' '11:1lt'n~ rv1~'~? '1~':1:1 N'il-N':11t'

.:1"10'::J:11 1110-i'N~ 1'11Y:11J:1 ,1'11JPEl01 1'11N'1-'N N'n O'Nn m1:1Y ,rv N~1~n-m1PJ ,1T n'1m

11"1n~n1 0'1t'1:1,n '1:1"~1 01p~n1 i~Tn 'It' cm'on'~ ,'il'Nn '1,'j,n ,rv 1'11'1y~rv~n 11l"n~ y J~'il' 'm,rvn ,~' 'Y:l Y:111 ,n'N 11mJn '10' ,y .1'11N'~~il ,rv il'10':1 0'nJ1~n



Yl::1Pi1 '10'i1 1'::1 y,,::';"1 l'n::li1' i1TYi1m 0',::I,i1 'IV mll0li1 0111Y~IV~ I1l::li1' i1,' llni1 o'on"I1~i1 ,::I111::1i1 tlIV!J 'Y 111::1~110i11 i111'IV 111K'1 ,ilntl'::I ,'i1 11K" .IV'nll~i1 '10" ,~) '::1m il'~'1 'T im' lK 'O'l'Y i1K'~' ;,K'li1 im.i1' ;,'1,pi1 111K'l~' IT i1!lpIVi1::1 11'I1::1'i1i1 i1~'Ui1 11'::IP::l 11,:I11i1 "" '1tl'::Ii1 0i1 ,(K"Y T ,111"111 ,::I"n ,m"IVi1 '10'::1 0i1 "1"::1'1 ',1::1'T' " 1110IV!lI1;" ,'P!lO' ,'i1 mi1K 1"Kl ;, ml0~i1 0'1Y::I 111rnK'i1::11 '::1,,::1 111"Kl"::I"l'K::I 11'~1'i1 ,'I1~K::I 'i1 ill" lK ""IVi1 ill' P~1Y' i1l1::1~i1 "" 'IV 11::1::1'1~ i10'!Jml lllV'n1l~ ;'~'U::I ;,,'n::l::l ,'~mtllK lly'-'1P'IV::I ,;"1::1Yil


m'nKi1 11K ,101IV!J::I ::1111::1;' pm' 111'li1 11K ,;'K,'il 11K '~0~i1 ,O"!JK 'IV 1::1" 'Y 0'::Ii1" :I1P!l1K~ 111""110i1::1 '~1K 1:]01' '::I"~ " ,O"P;' m'~IV llKl 11'::I1P~il ;,~,m " ,::IIV'1 ,K"n ,m,IV;' ,~) '1l~~ m, "::I~ ;'::I';'i11 1"il 'Y ilIVY~ ,::1, '::1::1 "~11 i1"l1ni1 11K ,111'1::1";' I1l"!J 11K ,i1::1;'Ki1 11K o,m;, ,il'1i1' 'IV 1::1" llKIV '1Y::I .(::I"Y 111;"y;, '111~ 'Kll~ K1:1 ,'U'IV' 0'!Jl0'::Iil llKl il~'U;' i~ i1" ',ni1 11K ,I1IV'nll~ i1'Kil'


i1Kl'lV '!J 'Y I:]K ,;'IVY~i1 ,::1, ,::1::1 '''IVi1' "~11 0'::Ii1' Klil K'1i1' 'IV o"ni1 IV'1IVl '::11' '::I ,::1,;'::1 I1~Kil p~w l' i1K"IV '''IV;'' tl'::I~ i1T ,::I OY ,;'01l i";' ,'1\i1 Kli1 llKn [ ••• J 111'~K' U'K ,1' O'l" "Y::I 111lYtl '!J' 1'1;' I1~K l',;'IV 1:]1' Ill';" 1l1l ~ '!J 'Y xn ll1i1' I' '1 ,::1, ,::1::1 'n " ~11 0'::1;" 1"1;" 'IV o"n;, IV'1lV '1~0' i1l1' U'l\ 01';' 01P~ '::I~ IT::I ;'IVY~ '1~111\ ;'IVyIV 1:]1' il'~1'~ O'IVll\ ;'IVY~ 111IVY' O'~Y!J' ::I"n' i1Ti1 i'lym '11' 1l1l' IV'n~ l' "1" '''IV;,IV p, mlY 'Y

.(l\"Y 10 ,::IIV'1 ,l\"n ,m,IV;' ,~) [,m111 1'!l;,J 'il' 111IVY' llY '::I ;'::I,;'i1 '''l

,i1,1:1' 'IV 1::1"::1 O"Kl11~i1 ,11~Ki1 P~1Yl i1::1;'l\i1 - ;,y'111;' '::Il~ 'lIV i'::I 111~'Yi111~l1Y " ',::1,::1 I1!JPlllV~ - O"!lK 'IV 1::1,'::1 111'K111~i1 ,;"~1'~ O'IVlK 1111l~1 ;'K,'il i'::I' 111'''ll1i1 ,(CIV) ';'T' rn O""ll1~ "~11 0i1 O'tl::lIV 'lIVi1 1'1' 11~1\::I '::I' '1tl'::I::I 1:]01' ':l"~

.i1111IV,nlli11 i111l"!J' i1~'1l;' m'~IV i'::1IV P::1l\~i1 Ill' 11~'''~il

111::1~O 11'::1P 'Y llI1I11V1~i1 ml'lVm 'i1,1\i1 '11'li1 'IV ;,'1,::1i1 l111y~IV~::1 imtl':1i1 'IV 1::1"::1 Pi1::11~ '1tl'::1 "" 0'1'::1 ,111P!JOl 111'i111~ ml~::I~i1111Yl~'i1i1 'l::1 ,i"'1>' K?? ::lPY'

,111"111 ,K"n ,OIV) 1::1' ntl:l 1'::1' ';'::1 P'1 P!lO '::I~ 1~lY 11K IV,,!Ji1 1)'::1K ::1PY' .(K">, '



1~::I1 il'l1!J ,"li1 01,n::l 0;' T":11Y 'l'ly '::I '::I U"i1 ,1111K '111!J' 01,n Y~IVIl Kll~~ P'1 '''IVil~ P' Kl;' ,::I;' '::I ,::1::1 l'::I~;' O'Km 1'lK 01P' i::l O'K;' l' '111!l'IV "n~;, 'P'y;, on, 1~::1 ,0"11'~K o"n, Y'''~1 ,::1, ,::1::1 Oytl i'::I~ rn ,::I;' "n' 1'!J "n p, on'i1~ "'IV~ U'K ,;'~;'::I::I tlllV!J '::I1KIV '~1 'i1 '!l Kll~i1 Kl;' 1::1 Kl~li1 ,c,n 111'111K K'i1 on' '::I 0"31 »n "'IV' rn ,"n~i1Kl;' 'i1 '!lKX1~ '::I i'::I~i11 T"i11Y l"IV~l 0'1Y::IIV 111::11tli11 111Kli1;' ,::I '::I ,111Kli1 ,::I K'i1 i::ll ,il'l1!J ,"XIV U"i1

.(::1"31 Ttl ,rp~ ,K"n ,m"IVi1 ,~) on"

mKl11~ ,111'X~ ,,"',m IV::I"'~i1 ,'1'''i1 'i1'Ki1 l1X" llUY'i1i1 11' ,0n'::I 111P!Jll0i1i1 1::1IV Yl::1P "0' on"I1~;' ,'::I'0!l 0"n-n'1K::I i1,'n::l::ll ,i1"IVK'1 i'Y;'-I1'K'~' i1Y'l::l::l

• ,nK nom tl'm~ '11'l '!l-'Y 'Y~IV~-'n '~m'tli1 1!l1K::I 0'::Ill::1'~1 0'Y'::I1~ 0',::I,i1 1tll!J ,0"Pi1 ,'0i1 m'~IV '311 '::IYi11~ l1'nll~i1 ml0~' 111'X '31 001::1~i1 .m 0"n-n'1K

.1mtl'::Il ml'lV " P'lY~1 111Y'::Ii1~' O'tl::l'~ O'Ki1 11K n'::In::l I1!JPlllV~i1 111K'X~' 110n"I1~i1 ,n ", 'Y i1!J',n mlp'::I lln1l~l 'm,IVi1 '~'::I ml'lV 111K'1 i1P'lY~i1 ,i1Yl::1P 0'::1'31 11::1'Y~ '31 llI1I11V1~i1 ,1ll""K~1 11'111::1~O ,11'l'~IV n::ll'::Ii1 ,'1~0i1 'i1'Ki1 l1l" lK ,"i1 '!l KX1~" llUY'i1;' l1::1l1~ i111~1Y' .111P!J0-ll'1tll 11 mlY'i1 i1:l1'::1 '1Y .::I'l'i1 i1m'K'1 111K'X~i1 'IV 11""li1 i1111rn, Yl::l';" ::11"0::1 110n"I1~i1 ,1lll1::111~ 11'~mtllK i1'~Y lltl'Pl::ll ll1P!JO::ll O'D::I'::I l1'Oll1i1' 111l1::1l::l

.01P~i11 1~Ti1 '!J-'Y 111IV'nll~i1 111~'U'1 ;'lI1IV~ 111K'X~' m'1::1'~i1 "1"!J::I 1:]01' '::I"~ " 'IV 1"::1'::1 '~10~ 111'~Yi1 'I1IV 1'::1 '~1'1!J'Di1 '1"'li1 ml'IVi111Kl 0'11::1 ;'::1";';' 11K ,~O~ O"!lK .0'D::IIVi1 'IV 0::1" 11K O'l"!lK~i1 0"'::Ii1::11 ;'IVUK '::IIV::I mIV1~i111~Ki111Kl ,111Y!Jl111 O'Y'l~ 'IV "l1'X';' Dl!J'IV;' 11K ,i1::1 i1::11'::I;' 11K ,O'::I'Y 'IV 111ll T::I'~ '1n~ I1'K'X~i1 11K Dl!lIV' ::11"0;' 11K I:]PIV~ i1'1;" 1"Kl nY'::Ii1i11 P!JOi1 ,111D::I'I1i1i1 11K ,0',::I,i1 11K i1nl~i1 ,'1~0;' ';"K;' l1X'::I llml::111i1i1


'1' ,i1"i1'1 1:]01' ,i1,m'1 ::IPY' 'IV 0i1'111'1~'::1 0" "Xl'~ O'::I"i1 'I1IV l'::I ::I1D'Pi1 n",IV ,P!JO' ll1K'1 ,i1::1i1K' i1K" l'::IIV ""'li111K ;'~Kll;'::1 O'!JPIV~i1 ,r'!Jl n'T ,i1'1i1'1 n!)i'IV~ i1'K O"~X 'IV 1l'im~;, 0::1" 61.11'~1l1D1K ;'Y,::Ii1, '~1l1'Di1 '11'l ,mYi1' ,::1111::1i1 DIV!J' 111'li1 ,0'11::1 ;'::I"i1i11'::IIV '111i1~i1 "::Ii1i111K 1:]01' '::I"~ " 'IV l11Y'111::1 ,nIV'nll~i1 i1'Ki1i1 1'::1' ,1l'il0~i1 ",,, 1l'i'~IVl i1'~1'~ O'IVlK 1ll1X~ 1ll'n::l i1,1::1Yi1


'111t1IV!ll1i1" Y':li1, ,'l'U', 'Y::J~ 'j?~'Y'i1 ,~ ,mn, - '111' m:::l"~' i1j?'~Y 11~~' Y'"i1" 11~ m~'" ,'::JT1:::1i1 11'7~'i11 ,m 1m', 'Y::J~ 'c"ni1 IV"IV' 11~ "'IVi1' ,'c,~~~" '::JY~IV c"j? i'::J j?11;' 111J':::IJ::J ",:::1 - i1"~:::I' i1Y'::Jj?i1 '11"J'~'n" 'Y::J~ i1JI1IV~i1 '11"~'J!li1' 'i1'~i1 ""~i1 'IV '::J'j?~i1 "IV!l::J 11'j?!l0 ,'t1i1, 111J1:::1J::J ,~ ,'~i1 ,,~, 1'::J' 11"~~ "N"11

.i1'~IV i~'O::J m'O~i1 '::J':::I'~ 11~ "~31i1' i1TYi1::J' "'IVi1,.111":::I11 PIV , ',oj?"'!l j?!l0 N'i1 'nl'IVi1 ,~' '31::J 'IV '111111 ,'O'::J nJ'~i1 j?!l0i1 ,,"',m "O'::J "" N::J UJ'NIV ,'I1'~Ni1 'i1'Ni1 i'~'i1 I1N "l'IVn" i1"IVi1' il1'J UJ'NIV i1~ I1N 'i1'Ni1 i'~'i1 I1N 111':1' ,m":::1 ,'~":::I .t1IV!l::J C,,:li1 i'~'i1 ",,, 11~"!l I1'Y~~N::J ,111'~~ ",::J, ,i1Y'::Jj? 111N'~~::J '""i1 i'~'i1 'IV """ I1Yj?!li1 111Y~~N::J i1JI1IV~ 111N'~~::J '110Ji1 ,~ ,C',::J,i1 OIV~ 'Y "Y'Y .'i1"'" i1""~" i1'YI1~i1 i1j?'~Y~ 0'i1'~ m'::JY 00::J' 'T ,'111' i1j?'~Y 11'11' i1,:::Ii1, '~JI1i1 N'i1 ,111j?~0 111Y~~N::J 111N'~~i1 'IV I1IV"n~ i1J'n::J .11" :1Ji1 111N'~~i1 "n~~ i1"::Jni1 m110Ji1 I1~Ni1 11!l'IVn" i1Y'111i1 'IV I1IV"n~ i1J'n::J' 0"j?i1 0',::J,i1 "0 j?"'!lU"i1 ,"1"'~' j?"'!J mY~~N::J N'i1 11'~'J!Ji1 11~~i1 11~'IVn' ",i1 ,11'00'~i1 i1,:::Ii1:1 '!J-'Y IV'n~ '!l"'~' ,',':::I'T', '",'::J' ,'11't1IV!JI1i1' ,j?!J0 11'0i1 "'-'37 j?mYi1 I1N 111N"i1 ,11'~mO'Ni1 :1Y':::I:1;" 11't10'~U't1JN:1 :10'~11:1 ,11"::Jj?:1 11"0~i1 ,::JY::J 0',::J,:1 'IV i1::Jn'i1 my~IV~i1 I1N 'N ,C"'!J~' '::JY~IV C'110i1 I1N , i"'" 'Y::J~C' 'T ", 'IV ;'111Y~IV~ .i1"i1::J OmIVi1-'~'j?' '::JY~' ::J,mi1 OIV!J::J 0""'''' 'Y::J~ "I1Y:J' '::J:I, i1~i?I1i1 ,l1nN 11'0"'0::J~ 11~~ 'IV i111"'IV 11~ J'JNt1::J~ N'i1 ,'n~ ,~~ :i1"!l::J N'i1 ,inN ,~~ ;I1UI1IV~ 111::J'OJ::J 'i1'Ni1 "~'i1 j?~'Y 111:::1i1 '111~ 'C'j?~ ,:::I::J, i~T ':::I::J O'N ':l ',::J',::J i1,:::Ii1 '111~ ,0'Ni1 'IV '1110JI1i1 ',::J" ':::I, j?!J0i1 "0' "1"'~ I1N 11~j?IV~ N'il j?"'~' 11'''IV'~i1 0111,"i1::J' C',::J,i1 'IV 0111Tn::J 'Jj?~O i"Y .'IVU~i1 i"O'Ji1 'IV 111"",Oj?il ,~' ,Y:J 'IV '11'111::J ':::I~i1 ,i1IVY~::J 'N "i1,i1::J ,111j?~0 111Y~~N::J I1m"i1 111~'~~i1 110'~I1 ",::J,::J 111''''~ 1T ", .ilJI1IV~i1 I1~Ni1 11!J'C'n', i1j?'~Y 11'!1i i1,:::Ii1, 'NJI1' 'm'C'il

:'111j?!J0' ;'O'J:::I' 111Y:::~N::J ""IVi1' "~11 111m::JI1i1':::I' '1110IV!JI1i1':::I 'I1~Ni1 j?~'Y' 11!l'C'n:l

,'111j?n::J ,N"n) 011'~N' N'::J' i1T ", '31 i1"11 ',::J,::J 111j?!J0 C'N' ""'IV ", 'Y ':::1 U'N i~ j?!J0::J 111'i1' :::1":1 ",~ [i1'111 ',::J,::JJ 11"'::J ",i1 C'Ni1IV "1N ':::1 ;(::J"31 ,~ O'l:::l~ O'N;'jIV C'j?~ ':::I::J ;(OIV) ,~~ j?'~Y '''IVi1 ,,~, ':::1 ,111~'IV::J 11"'IVCl i'~' C"j?~ ,~~ ",,, N'i1 TN [ ••• J ",'::J C':::I"~:1 O',::J,::J, '''IVi1 11"::JY::J 111j?'!l0::J '~~Y I1N

.(N"Y " ,111"111) 11'j?'!J0~ m~y j?"OIV

,c'~on' '111j?!J0' 1'::J 111m 111~" O'j?'!l'IV ,'T ",::J i1~":li1 l1'OO'~U't1JNi1 m31~C'~il ,'IVN :J, '~mIV " 'IV ",::J,::J m~'J ,111"31 """, '~'i1 111,'n i'::J' '1110IV!JI1i1' i'::J 0:1' 1'::J' "10" 'IV ,:::1" 1'::J ,""Ji1 ,,',::J, '!l-'Y .'NIV' 111NJ' "!l0::J ,"10" ':::I"~ r 'C' 1J:J 1'::J ,""Ji1 ''IN N'i1IV ",,,i1 11~"!J i'::J' ""i1 m'~IV i'::JIV ""'Ji1N1i1 i1"i1' 'IV ,:::1" :C':I"O ':::I~ i1"O!Ji1 ,i1"N"i1 'IV i1:::1,' 1'::J' ,i1N"i1 '''''0' i1!l'!l:::l:1 ,111'''i1 'IV il:l"






7~' ~~1iT ~'iT i"1liT fjO,' 'T~ ::Ii'Y' ~1PJ~ ilY~::I' [ ... J mren ~'iT m':I::I ,~ '~1~'~~ '::I~ i'1JOil 1~ i"110iT" '~lY 'Y 1'~nil' illY il1110ilil l1Y::I ':J '~1~' ~'iT il"iT' T~' '~1~' ~'i'J 'T~ il"':1 il:l'1'~::1 '~1~' Y1~::1 em 11,,:lil 1~ C'~l" '~lY 'Y 1'~niT' ~'iT fjO,' 11'~ ,~ fjO,' l11~~ ,1J'il' ~'iT il'1il' 11'~ ':J ~~1;"1 ilT ,::1" ~1' 'J~ C'i'7~ 11~ ::I'l1:J,:J "1l' 'Y '::I:1l1il?' i'1J0, '~::lY O'J:Jil? ~?~, '~lY O'J:Jil' ~'il il"iT' l11~' ,iT",:I iT:l1'~' m,y, "~, ~, ,~ ,~~ ::I'D ~,;, C'1::1'il '~l' 'J~~ "i' 11::1 ~l'~:J '::I~ [ ••• J Y::I~ 11::1' "" '~m ;"';" '~:J i'1J0'

63.'11" ::I,l1:J, ':J'~ ~, ,~ '::li'~' m:J'~' il"il' il:JT 'T~ C'~'::I:J

'~'::1 C"~::Il1~ ,C'~Dn" l1'i'1JO, ;'O'J~;' 1'::1' m':lil~ il~'::l';' J':J '~i'il 'Y ,;,,~ 0'1::1' iT"il' ,~ 11m;, ;'~Y~ ,>' C'~" C'1::1' C'~::I'~ C~ .(~"y TD ,~"M) ::I~" 11~11J::I 'M17~il ~"i'~ ;'~Y~' ;,"nl1~'~~ C"::l'il 11111il 11~' ;'1'~:J' ~Dnil 11~ C'~1J'ilil ,'~11 cy ,111110J i!1'::l~ ~,~ ;"il~' ',,:lil ~Dnil 1~~ ,,::IY',::1 ,~;, 1'::l" l113Y';'" '::I"~ '11'~~'

:'n'~~;, ,'11Y:J' '11'~'~;' 1::1Y::I ", 11'::1 l1':J'~ ,~ ;"'0"::1 ;,:m:J ;'l1'il~

:'i~Y~ l1Y~::I~ fj~ :'i'~~ C'J'J::I ,,,y :'i"::Ii';' :I':'iJ~ ", 11'::1 l1':J'~ ,~ C'J'J::I:'i ,:J ':J "0::1 :'i'il 1::1'il~ 13";' ,;" J1J ;'110~ ,~ iTJU, M::I~n ~"il' ':J ,~Dn~ " ;'~'J il'il ~'::I~ "0::1 13";' C'~'::I~ C'1::1'iT '~l' , J~~ [' ilD'O I ~"~::1 '~'::I~~ ,~~, '''~il~

64.", 11'::1 m~'~ ,~ l'J::I;' C'~'::IJ~ fj~ C'YJrv

'~Dn 11~ ,rv'i" ,11,"Y "":1 l1J'n::l::l Cil mi'1Jorv 11~"1J~ 1'~'::1 ,~,~ '~~, l1'~J' 7Y::I ill'::IT'~ 111m::l ~Dn:'i .il::l C,,:I;' 'n'ltm;, ,'l1Y', ", 11'::1 m:J'~ ,rv ;"'0" "0' m',y;, il~iY' ~';' l1'OM" l1il;' 1:Jlt' ,'::I'Di'''::I'~ 11J'~::1 ,::1 1'" Y J~J;' 1~' '::I'Di'''::I'O' 'on' ~,;,

:i'~'Y';' '1J-,Y il"l~ ~,~ 'J'~ '1m'il '1J-,Y ~Dn:J 01Jl1Jil ,'~IY ;,rvy~;, .;'It'Y~' ~"

i'::I~~:J ,~ ,'1m', 'i'~'Y' 1'::1 l1'~'Y;' "1J'0~ ~'i'~;' Dlt'1J 11~ ,1'~~:J ,It'11J~ fjO,' '~"7.J " '~::I~ ~'il .c"":liT i',n;" il"I~iT 111:10~' m1J'1J~il 1'::1, l1'~'J1JiT l1~~il ,~ ;'1'l1n;, 1'::1 1'::1' ,It''nl1~;' "":1::1 C,,:I;' ,,~;, 1'l1 11~ It''n~ ~11J" "':lil' nrrrm 1'::1 Ml1~il 11~ ,'iT'~iT 1'l1iT '1J-,Y 111miT ,l11~'Y' ;'Y'::Ii'iT iTY1:JiT::I l1'i'1J110iTiT, mrin "0' iTY'J~iT ,"'1'::1' ,j:'1J0 ,iT~'::I~ ,iT"iTl1 mYl~~::1 "D'::1 "" iT~::1 l1n~iT ",iT ."'DO'iTiT "":1::1 C,,:liT 'It' illt',n iT~"P ,0',::I,iT i'~'Y' il"1' ,11i"'n~::I-C"13lt' ,~ C'1'0~ C'~1Ml1' 'mDlt'1Jl1iT' "" iT~::1 111n~iT ,1'iT ",~, .11'~mD'~ ;'Y1:Ji!111'7.J:J0'7.Jil 1111J;' ,11~'nl17.J ;'1~;' ,D~1J;' mi'1JO~ my J7.J'i!1 C"7.Jm'D;';' m~'l7.J;' 'i',n, C,~;, ,~ '11'1'n 111J1J:J;' l1'Yl7.J~::1 "tl'::1

MK' ,:1'1M' ':>U? ,::1" ':>Y "Y .K"Y K' ,:lU?', ,n"o,n :l'P'~Y'~ ,KU?' n1Kl ,r':l,pO':l~ 'U?K :l, ':>K'~u? 63

.K"Y KC-:l"Y nl ,;"I::I,:l:1 nKTl ,eU?

.69 :1'Y:1 ,'':> ,1':>:1':> :'IT 1"lY':> "Y :1K' 64



""~7 On'::1 '~'Yii ,'m'O~ii Ntlnii )W'~~ C'Nii ",nW::1 ii:",:J iii "N'::1 7W 11'1~)~ I1'7N"'::1"l'Nii CI1,y~w~:n C'NOn 7W CI1"On'::1 ii':Jii::1' ,'y~w~-'n ')'ii' 07m~

.iilI1W~ii ,m":J' 7Nii l'~' i'~'Y I1~'Y7 7W C'1mOii ii'l!l I1N I:!'Wn7 iiO'l' ':J'!l'ii' 1::1' l"lY 7:J::1 iiN1W ,I:!O,' ':J'1~ '1 I1N lV'!l7' N'i'~::1 C'1N'I1~ii C'NOnii 7Y O!lW~ii I1:!t'1n I1N mYWii7 Wi"::1 ,I1'N'l~ii iiW1'i'ii rurcn I1N mY!l7 w' ,11'1!li'lVii '!l7 .C'No,nii I1N iinliilV ::1:J1'~ii I1Y'ii-7'ti"W '''lVii ii7)" '::1lV ,'I1Y I1rn::1::1 ii"ii7 iiOn"I1iiW ,C"'7)ii Nonii 'wy~ '1nN~ I1'I1I10~ii 1::1W ,1::1Y7 N7' ,m1'::1Y;' C) N7'~~' m'l~ii iil70:lI1I1 ,::1W 'N ,'W'::17 C'W '7::1 "'::1:J I1N '~~7 on"I1~i1 ,'ii7Nii ,'l1ii i'~'y 7lV '1'N7 C'W1!lI1~ C'Nonii .C'W'::17ii i'1 C'7)I1~ I1~N ,OlV!l7 1::1y~ ii:"ii::1 "!llii 1I10l '~~7 m'~:J~ii ,mnN I1~N C'!li'W~' ,'l~T-7N

67.ii1'N:J7 I1'N1lii ,m iil'Wii

Nl~l [P C"I :J") ,'W:JY ':J ,W'::17 C'W '7::1 7N1lV'7 ",::1:J I1N '''lVi1 ii7)' "I1Y7 m~~ii' ii11I1i1 Cii C'lV'::17m C'lV'::17::1 i'1 m7"I1ii::1 U'N 1N 7N1lV' i'~'Y::1 c"n;, rn [ ... 1 rnsem rrnnn '''Y i'1 11::1I1' ClVii "~1 i'~'Y7 N'::17 [J'7':J' ,'NW 7:J11 T":J, [ ... 1 ml~ii1 i111I1ii U"ii C'lV'::17 1,m ii'ii' c"niiW "Oll iiI1Y I1Y7' '~:J ,W'::17 '7::1~ I1NT '''Wii iiN1' "I1Y7 7JN ml~' ii11I1ii::1 O'~:J iiI1Y N'ii [iiT ::1l-::1"Y lU ,I1i'n ,N"n ,n17Wii ,~) N::17 "I1Y7 m7'OJ m~~ [NO ii'll tti1'~::1 NI1'N'


I1'~'l!lii cm":J '!l-7Y 'n17Wii '~'::1 w'n~ N'!lN C'W1!lI1~ ,N1i'~::1 C'l"lii ,7N1W' 'Non I1UY'ii C'NO::1~' 7Nii "'::1 c'n~~~ Cii pw ,iii"~Y I1'm my~w~ '7Y::1 C'WY~:J C'O!lm, tti'i'll', 7')I1' m '''Y ':J '''ttiii I1,mlVii::1 en 7N1lV' 7W C'Nonii 7:J I:!N" :1I1l":J i'~'Y' -

.(N"Y n ,N1" ,N"nl 'N'ii i"~Y i"~Y ':J pm ,N::11 ,,~tti m"~I1ii I1N ii7,m mI10l I1'ii7N iil":J lV'~'~ C'NOn::1 iiN'1ii .rn "Oi"'1!l ,'1i"Y iilYO::1 'l'l'i' "0'::1 "'7 N::1 ,ii7')O-','n'7 ii7)I1~ii ,1I10lii 'ii7Nii ,'l1::1 m'OO':J1lNii 7:J:J' ,1m' ;'i"~Y I1'ii7N iil":J "1nN~ mI1I10~ p ,1m' ",) NoniiW 7:J'W ,ii7'!l:Jii nm ,1::1' 7W 1I1'~N7 ,"1nN~ mI1I10~ p ,1m' I1~~'i'~ 'iiW'Y 7W I1NO,nii ,mTntti I1N iil1n;' ,I1'7-I1i"n'~ my~w~ 7Y::1 W"i'~ ;'WY~7 m"'~ii ,1m' ;'i"~Y I1'W'lN C'Nonii 'W I17:ni'~ii cmy~w~ I1"!lii I1'Yl~N::1 C)',~ rn ,'1i"Y ,c'i'~m l~Tii m7'::1) '!l-7Y ii7)lii Nonii I1N C'1N::1~ii ,C'O,J C'mC'l::1 NJ'~' ,CI1'7'I1 ',rw, N1i'~::1 m1'::1Yii' CW7 I1~N::1 i1'ii cm", C'7)1~ii Non l'lY' !1l".' ,ii"'iiii 11' 7Y Tii ,mI10lii 'I1'Y~W~

;"1";"1' 7)7 ",:1, ,1111Z1'~;"I '~7 ,el ;"IN' .17n7 nN" ,onl~' "~T 7)7 ",:1,:1 ;"I"l~ lli'n:1'~n n~l";"1 67 ,0'" ;558-556 '~)7 ,n'~1l1t:l'N ,y"1ZI :;"IN' ,;"Il':1T'NJ Nt:,"0'1 110'~11 7)7 .")7' n1Zl~' n"i' ,'~111 .40-31 '~)7 ,7,:m ,1"t:l1Zl'''~ :240-228 '~)7 ,n'~'t:l'N ,7"ln :453-448 '~)7 ,eT'l'~'t:)'



I f


,,- '''~'''''1 '"K''' l':J - 1'?1!l 1'11"On:J 1'1'l'11;r ;r:Jltm~:J m'1~1'1 '111l'1 'v~111 I " ... , '" "




, '11JT ;'It'Y1J 7U~ ,C"01J;' :1It'Y~;, ,11 'Y 7:11 (~"y , ,n,1t' ,:J"n> ';'1JIt', :11':JY ;"i11 C'~1t' :.n'1l1':1 .n~'~:1' 'J'l'i' "D'::J 1:J It''lt'

~, 9~1J:1 7~ ,~ 1"n 1:J~1J :1':1 '1~TIt' 11J1' .nY':1 'Y [;,,',m onJ 1"n :1'Y' ~" :1"i'J;' ,mJT:J m"i'J '''', It" :1J:1, rn 1::J':J "0 It" ,~ ,:11111:J ;'1t'1:l ;'''::JI';' ;'It'y ",y ,1t'11J '~lY:J C'~;'1t' ,J";' :11'::JY 1::J', 1'T~:J ",;" '1Jly DIt'i'1J1t' '1J '~i1 C'~;'1J 'D'JIt' .nU1'~:1 '~:J' .n"'1'1J 'D "Y It" [;'T '1n~1J T"n~, [Y1;' 1l';,J 1";'l':1 1~ly i"n11J1t' '1J ,J";, , '''1';' :1:1'1'1J;' ,y ;'1'::JY1J D'1J';', l' 11t'~~ ,~, 1111'n::J n:> ['~lY .n~] Y"~ 111J1t', ,.n'~'::J 7'~1t' 'Y 'm~ '~::J ;'1':JY:1 7~ '~lY 1~'1t" 1";':l';' 7~ 7'Jy:n '''It';, 71:l1 '~":J ~1;' T~ ;'It'Y1J ;'1t'1Y, 1',y '1:l' 1:J:l11J1t'~ T~1 m1J 1m' 11J11t' .n1J~:J ;";' '1~T ,~ 7~~ C:I ;";' P JY;, :171 1t'~1J my .n:J ';"~' 1~m ;"';" i"O' 1n'~:J 7'~1t' 1n~~ »n 11:J ~':11t' ,.nY,::J ;,.n'y ;,.ny, mY1;, m'~.ni1 '~1J '~:lY ,OnJ:l ,~"n ,m,lt';, ,~) .n'1t'~1:J '1J' .n1t'1t'~ my .n:J ;,.n';, ~':1 ,~ .• ;'It'Y~;, i1T~ Y"~

68·(~"y ,J

• .n~D'n;, cmrn 91n ,:1'YJ .n"~.n' uro "It'Y1J, ,71'O'J:J '~:ly "1JY:11t' '1J~ :I:l'~ '11JT 1::J';, mi'1JY Y'" ;";' ~'It' [ .•• J '11JT::J ;";'It' 1:J';, ''0' i'~'Y 1J1J1J c'YJ'1t' ,OMJ~ ",~, '1m ;'It'Y1J .C'1:J';, my~lt'~ 11J:J;' .n~ ~'Dn:11t' '1J~ :ll'~ ,(Cit') "It'1J~ '~It' '''~Y i'1 :ll'~ - Cit';, ',,'n:J' .nUT:J ~Dn :J'.n~;, DIt'~ 11J:J;' 'It' .n'::J'i'~;' m,o~" ':l-'Ylt' _ 7"0'J::J '1Jylt' i"'l .n'1:Jy~ ,~ ,1.nOJ;' ';"~;' 71l1' .n'JYJi1 ,.n1JJ:l'~ :1,,:JY ,It' "~"':I~ ;'It'Y1J , ,,~, • '~:1 7'l1 ,mlt' m~'11:J y,' ,~ ':1lt'y~ .n~ :1lt'y, .nu 1'~:1 ,~ ,y 1:J:I.nm '1J:>, ;"O;'1~:J Cit';, ',,'n Y1J1J, 1t'i"::J, 'i1, ~J'i'1t' 7:1:>~ , m,o~ 7~'~:J O~11J;' _ onJ~ i'1 'Y,:llt' '1J ,It' .nY'-"i"1t' "DJ ;'It'y~~ :ll'~ - rn i1It'Y1J 111:>T:J ;"',:1 :1J';'~' ;':>TIt' i'~'Y 'J~~ c'YJ, ,C',:lJ;' C'1,o'~m 1111t'1'~1J;' 111'l~;' '~-'Y ,7":1 m,1t' '~_'Y "n~' ~~'Y:J I:J~'J i"'li1 '1~T:J 111~1' :1YDIt' ,~~ 0~11J onJ:l .C'1::J';' 'It' C111Y~It'~ .n'00'~1J~:1 ,'O'~.n;, 'TV ;,my~lt'~ .n~ m~:J~ 'T .n"Oi"'1~ :1'~y .C':J1:J C'~TV Cit' ":JY,, 1111t'1':l~ m'l~ 'Y 1':JY, It" C' .nY'1t' .nY:l1i':1 ",m,.n '1~:1 I;', .n'It'Y' .ny' ,It'

It" ",:1;' ''''l:1 'It' :11'~~' :11:l;' 7~1t' ,01t':l:1 11J:J:1 'It' :1~':l';' ~';'It' ,.n'i'~Y:J ':1 .n~

.1.nOJ:1 'J'l1' .nUY':1 C,It'~ ,1:J' ,It' '.n'~~' ,:1:J ICon ,It' C':JOi':1 'JIt' 7'::1 .n'0i"~":1 :1i"m n1.n'J::I ~':1 C'1::1':1 ,It' "i"'1il C:'l'~

;'1t'~'P;' 7'::1 "OP"1:l c~.n~ .n::ll:1::1, C:1'1111", '.nn:llt'~' :1";,, 'It'Y~::1 il'~':I'

',~! I'1K O'Kl,;r ,O"?Jp m'1v~? .J")7 J!l l",mc ,K")7 J~ ;rl:ilC '?JJ :;"11Im ,1'1'1'1'1C~;r ;rC'!lI'1? 68 mJ'W' I'1K ;r"~)7;" ;r'''ll'1;rw ,Cl!l1, Cll,1C I'1WK '?1l'?l;:) "1 I'1J 'J!;:) I'1Kl KJ'P)7 " '?w 1'?1l'?l:J

,C"1 :;rK, ")7 .;r;:) ,m ;r 1')7~ ,n"'?PI'1 T'lCPl1'?K ,c;r,:JK'? ,cn ,'K'?UK c;r'JK :;rK' ,K:J'P)7 " '?w

,'?"l;r :,11'1:2 ,lK~CP''?l '!l '?w m'1p'J ;rK, '1)7 .560 '~)7 ,;r'~1l'C1K ,T"W ;230-229 '~)7,;r'!l1C1K

." '~)7 ,K mJ,n ,l"!J,n 111'? ,O'K l'11K!ln



:lJ ,1'1;:m ,~"n ,M1"tv:"l ,~) C,~, 7':I~ ,"It':"I1t' :"IJ':I '''~Y l:"lJ1'1:"1' P1' i11'1'1 '1J' .(X"Y

X'~ ,C:"I:I 1:1"~1t' C'It'Y~:"I 'tl1~:1 :"Il~1'1~ m'~ i1'~ C'1:1':I C"li1 'tlO':l1J~:"I ,'0'i1 C'It'Y~i1 ,~ ,:"I~1'J:"I 7~ i1l'1ni1 Ci11t' C'It'Y~i1 ~P"'1t' m~'~i1 i1,,:Ji1:1 'P~1'1~ '1P'Y i1Ji1~i1 P~'Y' "tI'J Ci1:1 t" ,m'O~il 1'11"Jl 1'1X 1'1l1'~il 1'1'~1J1t1'~ i1Y1:Jil C'~PIt'~il 1'1'mi1 i1~1'Ji1 1'1~ il"X:J' C'11'110i1 ,C'~tlM1 1'111'JY '1illt' .'~il ,It' 1J1l1' mJY'il" 1'1'It'1J~ ilJ:lil' "tI'J ,1:1' ,It' '1'1'~~' ,Cil ,'m'O~il C"Yil 't' "1'11":ll 1'1X C'l1'~' l"nil 'il'~il 7'l1il ':JJJ, rrrm ~';,It' ilYt':I C"J,p~il 1'1"'Jlil 1'1X 1'1l"~i1 ,;'P'~Y~ '1'11Y~It'~, 1'1'1'1'~Xil ,m"::11t' ,"~O;' ';"Xil 'l'ilil'lt' "pry, rrrn» C'P~il' l~m n"'Jl~ nx 1'il:lil' ',:J .c',nXi1 ,::1, '~:J 'JY'1J P1 X" ,il"n1'1:J'~ il' 1'11nJY~1'1~ m1'10Jil 1'1'O'Mil 1'1~ rns'nen ,1'1"tlP'~" 1'11"Utlp '~-'Y X1P~il 1'1X tJ0" '::1'1~ '1 1t'1'!:) , "1::J' il~1'Jil 1'1,,~1t' 1'1~ 'X ,il"il' 1'1~'Y' C"~~ 1'1~ ,il::Jil~ "~ ;,X" :I'lil X'il :1'1" rrneen 1'1"':ll 1'1l'1~ m'nJ i1~1'Jil nYi'!:)il 1'1~'Y' 7"il l11~1t' '!:)' il::1"i1' C'l~l m'M:I 1'1~'Y' , ,,~O ~tlM N'X ilJ'~t' ,il1'X::1' il"l~ "~Yil "Y .1'1~Xil i'~'Y' il1'1'1M1 1'1'tllt'~1'1il' m,?'1t' 1'11~" ,1t'1'1t' n~'y, t',:I, , 11'10Jil 'il'~il1'l1il t"~'~ ~,~ ilJ'~t' ,il1'X::1' il1'JY mJil,1'11'~'J~ ,,~ 1'11'J'l'M ,N':I' "1'1Y' il":lY 1'1~'Y' ilYt" il"::JY ,1'1'::J' P!lO n~'y, m::Jil' C'1:1'il rnm 1'1"X1 'X ,i'~'Y 1'1~'Y' l"l ,il"il::J ,mJil 1'1~'Y' 1::JY::J 'Xil l'l1 CilJ mmil 1'1';"Xil :1J"::1il 'Y' C1'1'Y~It'~ P~'Y 'Y il"~Y 1'1~'Y' il1'X::1' Cmy~lt'~

.i1It'Y~' :1~'" ,'T 7'Y~ il"X1 ,1' ,It' il1'1"n 1'11"Jl 1'1~ "1::J'J 1t'1~~ 1JJ'X tJ0" '::1'1~ '1

'1 '~:J ,~,;, Cllt' ilX1J C,'X .C'l"O X" "Y~'1t' ,,::1 'X C'J":J~ 1!l0;' '1'~' "1::J'1t' 'It' 'i'~'Y' m1' 1'1PilJ'~il 1'1":J'il 1'1X i1ilT~ , 7":I"~ nnnn , f"'1'il "'il i'Ml' Ji'Y' ,m'1'1:1 '~:J X,1t' ,~ • ,,:Jil 1'1:1,tI, il1'1P'T CY' 1"il i"'l 'It' ,m'::JY CY 'il'Xil l1l1:1 C" rrcrm il"'tI'::J', 'Y'!l:l 1'1'i"'lil illilJil' :1:11 1'11Y~It'~ 1'10n"~il ,i'Ml' ::JPY' '1 'It' 'JM11 ,~",~ c,m tJO,' ':J'1~ '1 ,It' ,m'1'1J P"lil ,1'1'It'M1~il 1'1'It'~~::J C"JM11il' illilJ:1il TM:I~J M1:J:1J '~'Y 1JJ'~' "Y' C'J"J:1 1'1'J"Y1il 1'1:J0~~ :I:J1'~;' , 'J~T-'Y P"lil' C",tI'::J::J "1:1'J 1X'1'1~il ,It"'i'il C'~il ,~ ,P"lil .1'1"X'1il 1'1' m::Jnil 1'1'X'l~::J 7':I~il ~':1 ,(~"y , ,~It' n ,X"M ,M1'lt'il ,~) ""It'il' It',J, X,:1 P"lil' ,~ '1"il "~Y ~':11t' 7'l'il':J::JJ 1'1~ nJY~~il ~'il,m'il:l C'lt'n'1'1~il C'Y'1'X;' tllt'!l:l C"lil i'~'Yil1'1~ l1:JJ-'X ,7:J 'Y 11'1' .C'1::J':1 P~'Y 7':1' :1"1(:J,1t' 1'1~1(i1 l'::J 7'n:l~il xm ,'7"l" 'Y::J~ ':1'Xil m'O~:1 7~ l'1n, ,1'11J1tv:1 C':J1':1 l'::J '~mtl'N n1'~::J Y'1:J:1' 1'1'1'n;, ;'J,m i"'l' ,1':1 1'1~ '1'1Y'-"P'1t' '!:)' Y':lP" ,:1,':lY' m'l~ 7'::J ,;':I:1~' :1X1' 7':1 1'M:I' ,1'1'J'i'~il

:,,:J:1 ':J1'l' :1Jy~ C,It'~ :1:1 It''lt' ,~ 1(1':1' M11-1'1nJ 1'1"It'Y C,It'~ :1J It''lt'



,;'7~ rn::J'31~ :rnDIt'!)Iwn ;,:m~;, "" m::J1t' ,1111t',n rn'7~1D"'!)0 rn::J'31~ /C1~~~;'1 111,'n 11~ 1~D'::1 /;'Tln;,' 71t' 11'DDOi'~;' mOJ11i1i1~1 11'DO'~i1 111"131 11i1i1~ 131!)1t'1i11t' ;':I;Ui1 71t' It',n 01!:l' 1U'::J7 ml'::J1 'i1 1111::131 71t' i1rn31~It'~ ,::1,::1 11'~1J1D1~i1 i131,::Ji1i1

.11'11'::1n 111"n~1 11'D~T"::J

'It"~ 11'0' J::1 i1::J1'::J :111'i11t' ,11'11' 111"131 11i1 71t' i111~'It'i1::1 ;"~1l ;'~'::1T'~ 111,'on

~01' '::J"~ r .11'::1'D7!:l~DJli' rnJi'!:lO 11~'1i1'1 11'On' C7131-11"~' 77::J7 7'lZl::1i1lZl ::1::J,m 1'::1 ;'J'n::1;'lZl ,11'DP7~" i10'!:l11 1t'::1':l1 'It'U~:1 11'0'Ji1 11::J'31i17 1111t',n i1,'~-rn~~ ,~, 11131~It'~ m::1::JlZl 1!)lt'nJ ;'~'::1T'~ 111111::1 .;,rn31~It'~-'n~ i1:11i1i1 11~ i131'P!:li11 'lm'7 'i'~131' 1'1' 'lZl~ ,11::1::J'1~ rnOJ11i1 71t' ;'n1::J~1 i1lZl,n msn 7lZl ;'!)P111~ ,11' 11110~;' 111::1 1111t',n 11'::1~ 731::11 'DP7~" '!:l1~ '31::1 It',n C':llZll~ C7131::1 i1~D::111i1lZl ,11"1P~ 11'Jnn i131'111 ':17~;' 11I';' 717::J~ 1'::17 rn1~~ :1""11 1'::1 '1i'1'T:1 11~ i'11'J :1T C':l1t'1~ C7131 .'DO'::J'J~ c'~O::1~;' /1",,'1 '1t'1::17' ,'C1~~I'1 'OlZl!:l' 71t' C'131' ::11'ni1 'lZl 111131~lZll'y'n 11~ 31'P!)i11 ",::1 17 11'J31J;' ,;"~1'~ C'lZlJ~ rn1~~ ,;"1::131i1 11~1 '::131::1 '~:1 'lZl 311::1pi1 1l1~' 11~ ~PIt'~;' ,11'111;' :1::1'lt'n::1 lZl,n ,~~ 'lZl 1111'~11'ii '31 c"~,~ i'111'J:11 ;'31i'!)i1i1 .;'~"i1 11~ 1~ 'C',::1';' i'~131'::1 111ll1::111:1i1 11~ ,ii11ii::1 i1J11It'~i1 'i1'~i1 '1":1;' 'n~ 111i'n11;';' 11~

.1I1::1lt'n~ rm-m C'~ii mii~ "'-731 nJ31!:l11~i1 ,,~;, 'It' '1~0;' 1l1I" 11Uy';,:1

111n"';, ;'7~ 'It' nI::1 111lZl,n 111':l1t'1~ 111::J'Y~ 1'~' ;'~'::1T'~ 111"0n1 1"::11' 111,'on C'lZlJ~ m1I~'1 ':lUy11' /i1'111'1 '111i'::1" /C1~~~'1 '111DlZl!:l11i1' /i1~"'1 'i1::1ii~' 111~'Y1 :1""11 ,''''::11 ,1::J'T ,i111'1t'1 i'!:l0 ,111'J1I'm rn'~'J!:l ';"'1t'~1 11~~ /111:1'1 'i'~1Y' /i1'~1'~ C'J:l1Y~;' ,c"",It';' 11,i1 "n::1 i'!:l110i17 f,nJ ::11"0 ,::J::1 1!:li"1t' 1i1 :'i1 '!) ~I1~'1 rn1~~ ::117'lZl::1lZl il~I1yii 11~1 'DO'~1J'OJ~i1 ~n'::1l1~O;'lZl'n~;, m::Ji1 11~ 1~7':l1 ,,::1Y;' 111::J~0::1 ;'::1'0 11~ lZl'n~ ::1~Y7 i1TY ;';"~::J 1~0'::11 ,""-f'1!) CT'::J'J~7 11'ODOi'~ i1P'OO'~ 1'::1 :1,'lZl'il ili"Ti1 11~ 11' 11 It'il 7 11t'p'::1 C:I 1;' .;" :llZl1~ C71Y 11~1 i1'1~';' 11' 11,i1 ;,:I;,J;,i1 71t' 11::1n,il 7Y " 111i1 ::11'nii rn'on'::1 rrcn 7Y1 i1J11It'~ 'i17~ 111'::1 il'::Ji1 7Y 7~7 C'~i1 1'::1 71t' 11'O'i'J'O""~ i1~"P 7Y1 ,11'~1l101~;' i1y'::Ji1i11 '7~1"::1"J'~i1 1131,:-r-71i"1t'

.i1::1111::Jii 11110~;'

11~ f1'!:l7 i1,1'::1 ;'~:I~ 111::J'J ~01' '::J"~ " 71t' l111111J1 i'nl' ::1i'Y' " 71t' 1111111::1 111~i1 7Y C'001::1~i1 C"111 c"n7 '::1~~ 7~ :l1,n7 ,77::J:-r ,~ on"11~i1 ,"n~i1 '11'~;' :-r,::Ji1 '111~ C'~1t' CIt'7 'Y1!)i1 C'~i1 ,It' 111:":-r~ 1131Jlli1 ,11'~'J!:l 11~~ ,~ '111n71 i1::1111::Ji1 111,'n~ X~~J::1 1'~1 311::1i'1 'n~J 'n~ ':-r7~ 11~' l'X ,i17~ 111'111 '!)-7Y .111.l11It'~ 111::1'OJ::1 111t"!)11~ ~'i11 1J1j,"~ '!)7 i1,111i1 11~ 7::1i'~ C'~ '::J ~'X - '1::1'~i1 77::J' 11':-r'~i1 :-r"~~::1 ;'!)i'111~1 ' m10~:-r '11'1i1 7lZl 1111Y~It'~-'n~ "n11It'i17 :-r!)'~It'i1 ·l~r:-rl 1131i1 '!)-7Y 17 ;,It',n ;'O'!:l111MO'JIt' ,i17~ rn'111 I1.l"!)~~ ,;'11i1i1 11"J31 '::1:17 ,::1yi1 1111J31 71t' D7M1~;'

.c,Xi1 :l1t'1~ ,It' i11t',n i10'!:l11 i111~1317 1"~Yi1 C:ll ,~:-r 111' ,It'




'~::1 ,11~"n7 ;'TY ;':1'~::J ,i171t' i1::J"J 11nx 7::J ,1~7':I :-r1'::1T'X 111"0n1 1'7::117 rn,'on 117::11i'~i1 11110~i1 'It' ' 111::J~0i1 ;'!)i'111 ':lJ1 '11110~i1 '1i"1t'i1 71t' 1111Y~It'~-'n ,:lJ ;'0'11i1 ;'X~i1 71t' i1J1It'X'i1 i1n'ln~Jl i1'It'Y-i1J1~1t'i1 i1X~i1 ';'7It'::1 i1!)1"x-n'T~::1 11"1;";' i1'JnJ C':l1t'1~ C71Y I11Im ,n'D~T"::J i1:1:1J:1 ,It' i1!:li'1nJ ,'::Ji1, l31Jn lM'111t' .;"It'Y-31lt'n:-r C71Yi1 'lZl 1'n171J:I nx J'n1i1, 1~l'1 ,n'Jl'rn 111::J~01 n'DO'~ n17Y11;:r 71t' 1n1::JJ It',n "n::1 C"J,~It'i1 nl'10'i1 7Y ':I'n n~"i' lXO':Z li1'nlZl .1':l1t'1~ Clnn 11X f1'!:l71 '11'10~;' 7~ n'31l~~-'117::1 ;'i"T' n'DO'~ i1i1'~::J ly':zm ,lZl,n C'::J'Y C'10 n'~y;, "'-7Y 111;' no'm~i1 i1Yl::1i'i1 n~Xi1 n~1Y' i1Jnlt'~ n'on' 11~X::1 "::Ji17 lY::1nl ,i111:1:Z ':1'~;' 11l'i1 ,C'X;' ,It' i11t',n i10'!)n1 ,~ ,It' It',n :l1t'1~ 1'l' lM'111t' .,:zy:z P1Y~i1 ,'m;, ::11'n:1 'It' nl::J~O;' n31i'!:li1' my i1i1'~::J lY'::1m ,n'I1110~i1 ",;, ,It' i1rn"Y'::1 'Y 1i',nlt' ,1n rn"",Dp - Cit';, 1111:Z31:Z rn''''It'i1 i1'X '31 rn!)01J rn',,,,0i' I11~Y;' rnYl~~::1 n7:Z1i'~i1 11n",;, rnX'l~:Z 11'Ji'!)O nml::1ni1~ ,n'OD0i'X n1"131n;'~1 c';r,~ n:lii~~ I11i'J1';' rn'OJ rnJ11t' nl'1l:Z 1:Z 7 1t'1 - '111i1 '~1'~;' nx lZl'n~ 1t"!)7 n'::J'JX n~"n~1 C"1J'1t'1 I11'JM1' nl'1~n ,C'X n:Zi1Xl C'i17~ n::1i1X ,C"J'~lZl nl'10'1 111'OO'~ll'DJX

.C"11'Jn i1:zlt'n~ ,X n'O~T"::J i1P'OO'~~ ,:Z::J'1~ '~Y~ ;'~7':I 1'71!) n1,'on:z n' n,;, 1111t',n11i1;'

- ,'n';, 1111t" ,It' n'om"::J ;'i"DO'~~ 771Mn;r ':ZY~i1 .n'oo'::J'JX ;'Y'1111 n'Ji'!)O n'DDOpx I117yn;:r ,It' i1M1::J::1 'll'lZl' i1,nm 1'7:Z17~ pnl' :ZPY' r 'It' 111'11;':Z ;'~i"n;,1t' :1'l'1 c':z,;, n11t"7 ,i1'l~'lJ'!)" '1n~ ,i1:1"i1:Z i17M.l1;'1 ,It"nn~ '1;':1 71t' 1!)pln:Z1 '111'l':Z llt':Z:lI1:11t' - n'DO'::J'J~ i1Y'1n ?X1 n'Ji'!:lO :1::1lt'n~ ,X - ;"311 i"'l 71t' rr-rm I11~' nx ;,It'DIt'OIt' ,n'DO'D"X ;"Y 'It' i1n:1m:z 1MOJni11 i1l':ZT'X~ ~01' '::J"~ " T 7 It' ,C'J!)-n:z, ;'i"0i"~"1 nl'1:Z:l nl"!) ,n1Ji'!)0 ,rn,'n ,It' ,~"'x:z lrnx ;'!:l',ni11 i"'li1 rn~' n:11ni1 l~'O:Z i1'~Y IT I111t',nn;, .'I1110~:1 C'1Y:1 m'1J:I nx It"n~ nlt"!:l~:1 '1':1:1 '~~:1 l':Z ,:111:1' ,J31:1 1'::1 nO'!)J:1 ,m'1~n-m' m~' ,'x;, ,It' n'~J"1 n:z::J'1~ 111~' .:1J11It'~:1 ;'J'n:z, :1311::1i';' :1J'n:z;, l':Z1 "noJ;' l1l" ;',:lJ;' 11l':11':Z ,'1~0;' ,~~, m'1~n;, ,It' 1mY~It'~::1 P'~31;" ;"nnlt' ,c'x;' ,It' ;,It',n;, 111Y'111 11X ;,It'31~' ;'!)i"1t' 1T 11110~;' ,It' ;"~31 nx Y1'!:l' n!)o::JJi1 ,n'JM1';' 1111~' n~ ;'~D':Z1 ,:-r31'1n:Z1 ;"11il:Z 311::1i" 111,'ni1 n31':zn l~'o:z 1T n11t',nni1 i1'~31 '131 .c'lt',n C'01!)'J It"n~ :1111X m'~i1'1 ;'31':zn ,nllnlt'~;, nlJ'OJ:Z 1n131~It'~ nx It"n~ 1t"!:l'1 '~i1 11l' 11X '~m01X 1!)1X:Z 11l'i1 ,It' :z"n~i11 '1':li1 n01J;, ,It' ,n~'10~1 111':l1~ ,nnx i1JJi1 '31 '131'31 X1i1 ri,It'SIt' 1I11!)j?n:Zl '1~Oil 1J1l':Z n1~1'j,i1 n1J11t'i1 m'131~It'~:z '1;,'i11 ,11110~J 31:Zi'J~ '!)::J "i1'~i1

.n'on'i1 iiX"ii "" m::J1t' ,nl':Z1i'~i1 111':Z'D~'1li1 n1::J'31~il n~131' i1J'lil 1"::11' 111,'on





:l1D'i';' 11~ 111l~~;' 111'111 1"~Y;' ;'l':lT'~~ '101' '::J"~ "1 T":l1'~ i'nl' :li'Y' ~ ;'~'1J;' T~ ;,;;',n 111"11~;' 111'111 - 'Tm'? 'i'~1Y' T':l1 ';':I;'~'? ';'~,,' T':I 'tli'?N";' C'J!);'"I1:11'~ 1111y~li)~ 11~ T':I;'? 111,'nii ?Ii) ii~Ii):l1 C'ii?~ 11:!ii~ ?Ii) ii~li):I ,11?:l1i'~ii

.nJI1Ii)~n l1'li)l.l~n nY'111;' '!)"'Y Ii)'n~ 1i)'!)I1~;' ,'n'~n ,1l';' ?Ii)

x n"OJ

,;,;nn 1~ 'TJ1l ,1'YJ X?1i) "":1I1::J~ (1851) ~""I111JIi):I l':I~':I '1X n~' ',1'::JT 11~T' ,!)onli) 111~'~ 1T n'1'n~? '1~' ~'l1~;'1 11~'i';'1 .n01J "U'1i) ~,., 111J'11J::J O!),J ~?~ 111'1i)'~ m1::JT11 111~'1i)' 11J'n:l:l ;'1';'1 ~,~ n"nl1::J?~ ;'10!)'i'I1 C10'~ CIi)? :lI1::JJ ~,

.n"::J'11 ~11i"~T m1';'1~ ?Ii) '1~? ~'l1~;' 11~'i'n i'I111i)i'I1 ;,:I?:1 C:1111::J? 10n"l1ntv :lPY' r ?Ii) U:I 111tv':I n';'1tv "":1I1::J~ (1869) D"::J'I111JIi):1 ntv'11:1 O!),J 'I1XT 11'::JT' 111:1'3111;' ~"1 ,C"U'1i)1 111D~tvii ~,., ,1':1n~ 'Ii) 11"1P~ii 1J1tv?:1 '1~ :'l~' ,!)o;, .pnl' " ,1J' J "':1 n111i)Y JIi) 111'1i)'!) '!)? n::J"Y n!)01J l~::J C'1~ • 'M1'~n 1J1JlO:l '''ii:l'~n I1'J11i)?1 I1'J1J;;0 j!J'n:l~ 1:1 111'1l~n 111'1,rn .T~~1? ''':I~ ,l"11'1n '1,n C'11i)l.J 7J '1'

.11'OD0i'xn nl1~'tvi'l111"1?'ln nli)"n '1mli):I 111:J1':J 1'iitv ,n:l'I1::Jn n1:1'OJ:I 111l'111~ .(t808) n"Oi'11 X11i"1T:I O!)'JIi) :1111:J ,!)on 'YIi):I '::J C~ ,1830":1 0~l1J 'I1l.JX ',:1,' 111:1'OJ '31 C'!)?~~ C',:I, C"~~J ,nr1nn ?Ii) 1'::JJ ,?!)~~ :li'Y' pnl' " ?Ii) 1nl.J'i'n:l T1,nXii 1i'?n:l Cl '1?::J '11~~ ',:1,' .'ooop~n :'l'1i'~ '311 111"01TN:'l ii'111J'n:l '31 ,;':1'I1:Jn

."tv"li)n li)1,'nn' ctv:l '1'i'1 '11':JT I1NT' ,tv 1~ nnnn 'Ii) ""':111:J ,Ii) C'!)';; 101N~ ,'1? 11"' 11':1 j!)1N:I 10!)'J c',!)on I1tv1?tv ,111'1i)'~ 111~'1i)' ,111lnJn C'''1:J C;"I1 ,111n!)tv~ , J:I "':1 1'nli) C' J11i) C'i'?n ?Ii) 111i'l1ynl.J '31 .111'0'!) 111~'Ii)'::J N'~ ,01!)" "":1I1::J::J U:J1n N'Ii) ,111J11i) 111'Y;"I1 1111i)" '~1:J'0 ,:11J:l1,1 ,':1'10 'N :;'1~' ,T":l1'~ m1Mii 'Ii) 1"!lO:l 111::J1':Jii 111'!)';;1":I':lii 111'31:1;' :,111:1 0!)'J1 ,m) 302-301 '~Y ,(:I"l'I1-N"l'l1) n ,'!)O 11"i' ,[111"Onii 111"111 ,T1y~1i) '~Y ,:I"l'l1 C"Ii)11' ,1'0 ;'1JIi) ,'!)O 11"i" 11'M1'~ 11!)0111] C"!),;;,,?:I':1 c"vn~ ,?"J;' 1":1' .126-123 '?')Y ,(:I":JIi)I1) T? ,,!)O 11"i' ,'7":l1'~ iiT1Mn "!)O' ,1"OIi)J':l1' '~ ;(95 .2 ;"Yii ,?'Y? ;'1~'1 ,111'!)';;1":I':ln 111':l1yn cy 'n~ nJi':I C'?1Y CJ'N T"0Ii)J':l1' ?Ii) "'ii'jj ,1"':l1J':I' ~"l :;'N' ,1"n '~':I 11i)YJIi) 111i'I137ii '37' nnnn 'Ii) C'J'1i) ""':lI1:J ?Y ii:ln, iil1!)11' 1:JT j":1"~ nnnn 'Ii) "'!)O .92 ;"37;' ,46 '~Y ,1"1i)11 :1':lN"'11 ,Ii)"i';' j!)";'"I1Nl" nl1'n~ 'Y .11""n?,) C"Ii)Y:J:I 'O!),J n'Ii)Y"YIi) 11;' n~~:I' ,CI10!)';' "n~ iinn;, ,"N"N ;'N' ,"'!)O 'Ii) C'1M" '37' n:l n~";;n 11"'oo'nnl1~'~;' '37 ,111:1'I1:J ?Ii)

.445-444 ,400-398 '~;; ,(2 n,yn ,?'Y?)



'0!)1J ,11i"'m~J"c"1J1t' ";"1 ~'It' ,C'!)O,J C':2, C',!)O pit' ,'1':2 m31tllt' m~'1 C"~ ,'1'T11 ;"1~':2T'~ 110'!)11:2 :2,tl Cit' '31:2;"1 1111'On' "~)'It' T"1t' :;"1"It';"1 .i1J',,:2 'T i1!)'i'I1:2 :j"31' ,1:J'!)T":2 ':21 ,It' 111'lJ~' 0!)1J '!)OmV j31'tl;"1 ,166 'lJ31 ,1960 C"It'11' ,t:I"It'31:2i1 '!)O .M. Stienschneider, Hebraische Bibliographie, 6 (1863), p. 59, reference note 170 '0'i';"1 ":2'n;"1 ,'1t'1ni1 C"'1);"1 CIt":2 C"~TJ CJ'~ ":2nlJ' ,!)0i11t' ,1~ '31 31':2~;"1 C) 0'" ,lJlt' 11'31lJlZ?lJ '731 .i'~'i' '1'on C31 ;"1JlJJ ,j1'" j";"1~ ,":2nlJtv ,11'1'On;"1 i1'!)')",J':J;"1 ,It' O,lJ,,!), :J'-l1lJ'lt'l1 "131 1!)0;"1 ,It' rm» .222-221 ,;"1'!)'t:I,~ ,0"1 " :;"1~' ,'!l0;"1 ,It' '11'n 1'31 i',n C;"1:J "t:lJ j'T1'-;"1~':JT'~ '1'Ontv 111~tv1lJlJ;"1 111i'"nlJ;"1' ,mO!)1;"1 C31 ,:J:J "!)'~ '31 1'31 .(166 'lJ31 ,'~)'tv :i1~1') 1nO!)1;"1 'n~ l:J,tvJ '!)0i1 .C'1:J1;"1 11~ 'lJ ;555 'lJ31 ,;"1'!)'t:I,~ ,(,"tv ;133 'lJ31 ,"':JIt'~ T"~ :i1~' ,'!)0;"1 ,It' "O,:J"t:lJ'i';"1 '!)O ;"1:J,:J "'n~ n'J;"1l' :'lJ~J ,13'J :J11:Jtv ,'c"tv' "1' '!)O:J .8-7 'lJ31 ",:J;"1 ,j"tllt""!l C'1'lJ31 ;"1lJ:J, ,(18 'lJ31 ,Ctv) '0'!)1:J j"131 ,~~, ~, ,tv~ tv1'i' ':JI1:J ;"1:J,;"1 1'31' m,lt';"1 'lJ 1tv~lJ t:l31lJ;"1 jlJ t:l31lJ '111'tl!) 'n~ ~O~Jtv ;"1lJlJ ~';"1 m'tvi1 'lJ '!)0;"1" :7"~lJ ~1:i j:J '.:J!)' 1t'1'1t' i'" )'!)1lJ "~'i':J :211:JJ [ ... J m'tv:i 'lJ '!)0;"11 C'tv'1i';"1 "':J1lJ 1111'11 'tv"1 '1:;'T '!l0:J C':JI1:J'.:J' C":JT.:J 111'111 '1:J1 :J" 1~ "~':J 111~"~' C'i'lJ ;"1~1lJ ":JlJ 1:Jn:J.:J t:l":J1;"1 ;"1'11;"1lJ:J 1~~' '!)0;"1 ,tv 1'i',n 'Jtv .(13 'lJ31 ,Ctv) ':Jp31' ':J, :J,;"1 ,J:J 1':J:JlJ :JP31' 11':J ~'~'lJ;"1 I1lJ1P;"1' ,':JnlJ;"1 'tv 'J'J ,'31J", Cm1' " ,tv 111;"1);"1 11"1:J;"1 ,l1lJ"~lJ 11~:J'PlJ

.1"lJtvl1 ()"'tvl1) J"" "J ,m'tv:i 'lJ :'31J", ~01' ':l1'lJ ",~,

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful