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, Moyov yryovO'tUdXQLjW:O'tllta e:7Et1CVQ(ll6Ma~ oU1J!.o'aei.;." :€wxQLviii; YEVOI,.LEVIlL, ouUOYlal'ol AOYUW;. ~~11"i~; 36 .. vanaL va300o(J)oL 1:1)v a7tavt1}a'lv Eil: t4. E{lw'tll!laTu mm~.'

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'IoQo.'llAi't1ll E!VaL t8LahEQOl ~U(1'tll(oOlJ~~OUAOL (Privy COUl!~illors), Mo MQEUOUCJLV EI.~ "to UltOtJQYElOV, 0 sir Al(l'ul Mond 'Kul 0 Evn~o~ Edwin Montagu, 'KaL 8Ev dvc.u tCJro~ o.iitol ot 1tEQlOO"O'tEQovtou3a~ov'tE~ EV "tCQ'Y 1touQydc:p tou'tql.

"'O"to.v ol UQXllYOL tOU CJlOOV~O"tt'KOU xLv"]llatO~, 1tQo~U:rtOVtE; t1]V tEi.U!.i1V vtXll.v 't1;; 'Avtav't (Entente), rr3E;c'lOaV va atEQEOJOOOCJI xai.w~ ti]v i:8QuClLv WU IlEAAOVnXou ~aCJLAE~OtJ til; IIaAo.LOtLl'TJIO. 15 'Y ltouQYo,; tWY 'E;OOtEQlXWV MrcaAqJo'UQ ev bl'ollo.n 'tij.; KU~EQl'-rlOEOO~ iii.; AiJ1:oti BQEtaVLxijr; MEyal.EL6t'lltO~ ~YQo.\jJel' eir; tOY AOQ80v PW'tCJlA8 •. on uvala!l~avEL till' -OltfrY..QE"ooCJw va 8U,UXOAuvlI 8,' OAtj~ tiir; 8"Va!lEm~ rou "t~v 5TJI-llouQYlav tilr; c'K8vlxTjr; tou3ai'xii~ cECJ'tLur;» ..

co iaQatjA(~1]~ AOQ80; 'AQXL8LxaCJ«Jr; (Chief Justice' of England) PTjVtLyx arcECJtciATJ d~ tilv OU(lt:Hyxtwva rot; i)lto.to~ d:QIJ.OOt~.; 'Kcd extux'to,; &1tEo"taA~EvOt; tva 8L11XUVOYlOn EXEi IlEta twv tOQa~ln;wv tOU :rtQoE3QolY O"O,Grovo:;.: 1]tOL lOti 1tQEo{:iw"toii MOQ'I'XEvtaotJ, 'tou tQa- 1tEthou l:l.qJ (Jacob Schiff), loil 8Lx<xmoii M1tQdv'tEb~ [Brtmdeis], toii xuatjYll'tou tPQuYXCPOtiQtEQ (Francfurter),

. ta ltAEOV 1.E:rttE:rtLAEJ'C'to. 1tO},l'tlX« xat OLXOVOlllX« ~lJt~Il(l1:a, ta 01tOla aVExu'\IJav )(a't~ tOUt; ~EAE'U'fa(ou~ ~iWa~ 'Coil 1to'-EJ,Lo.u-, wr; XUL 'fa 1tQo')(cttaQY.TLXa 't'iit; dg-rl"'I')t;.

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• , 700 000 J, 1:' < - " "6~ 000 'J

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8citOL. 0 laQ«lJAtTl1'; A6Ql)o·; 'E(l~8Q't0t; l:alloul)" (si?' Herbert -Samuel). aveAd~e 't1)v axo;,u"tov e;ouCJlav 'tnr; ~hOtxTiOEw~ 'flit; 'AYLa~ ril.; XUI. 'fii~ ExEl eyxu{h8(lUo-EOOt; iou3a-.'':xoii rcoAL TeUJlatOr;.

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xaJa1d~p( .

"H/KolvroVla, 'trov 'R8vwv EJA,1tIO''tE1.l£'tlll eit;; 'till' °Ay __ y~.(cfv :rf]v YEVtX~v YQa~lJ.atetav (=nQOI:l8QElav - &et'ia\lV(JI~t riit; 8taQx.oilr;-oQyavroClew~ t1jt; -. '0 A6Q8o.;' E. NtQaJlroV't' (sir. Elic"jJrumrltond) QJ,La Q,t; eq>8aCJEv dr; rEVeU'I'}v ErcLOXE:rt'tE"t(Jt liOV M€Y~-v Pa~tJ:'Lvov 'tilt; lt6Aeror;, tOU O\Jvto'tcf ·~o xQOoromxov cou, 'tOv 3Ia~E~aLol xEQl 'toU - aauJ,LaaJA,oU rou 8L1I'tour; "Jou3a(o'Ur; xal. XE(lL 'tijt; 1tA11(10'U'; acpoO'twO:Ero~ tOU lOts 't1)v- ~J1t6{}eoh' rmv xal 'ta 13em8TJ rmv. ME'ta~-u trov XtJQLrotEQrov eJ'UvE(lYo.'twv rou Ev8lo.(pEOEL va - &vacpfO(jJllEv tOY :It(lcPTJV8lEQJA,llVE<X Aoxayov Mantoux, t~I'l'JtJatdQX'llv ltO;'ULXWY {,1tO~iClEOOl'. tl'O'l'}{l:OVllEVOV, -Ox.o 'toil taYW,ltflQXou Abraham 'Xat Tilt; Kill; N. Spiuer,

"OtUV ot d:.XEGtal.Il8vOl "trov Lou3a"lxwv ~'tUI(lE~WV UltE~AOV e~ "ti]v KOWCOVLUV JWV 'E,'}vwv ah'l'JG~v tdvo\loaveLt; 'to ,'a E~aQ'(~On T1)V :n:aga30x-ilv ~v autn twv VEroV KQa·'twv E'if. -rij.; 1tQOtjYOVJ,LEVlJ<; ii:rt06oxij~'fil.; Q..]tQa.; :rtepi !lElO-' VOt~toov -x(luY!la'to o:rto'Lov ~a Muva'to n.;va, h..Adf3n • &<; 8U((llroJ,La 'twv IOlJ8aLOOV va CJll1!:LlU1CJOOO'L K(lrho.; Ev KQ(i'tECJl - 0 AOQ30r; Robert . Cecil :rtQOOEcpE(,aTl va un:~' C1tJ}Qt~n 'ty}v a'(t1]oiv 'tOOl'!

"Otav 0 n(lLyxnj! tii~ OiJa).Lm; 8xallE 'to 'ta~d8LOv ava... ta~ B(luav~xa.; KT..]aEI~ Kat 'tOY KavaMv. ot 'IouBa1oL 8twQycivroG~,v, eV{}"r; QJ.Lo. .ii EltLC1tQocvfi tou, uno tOY tLtA(W-' C!A,hO)(Qato(l~xYi nEQL~Y'I1aLI; Et~ d:vUj:V1l0LV toii IIoMJ,Lou. (War Memorial Empire Tour), Ta;EL8LoV rt'EQlExOV llQO-'

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tlK01i I.EIlOa~OctO'ltaA£[o\J, Kat 0 £11:(0'1)110':; xuQCtx'tr.Q tOY' ,'on:Otov 1]~ 'Xu~~QvnO'~ <btEOWXEV Et; 'tr.y a:n:oOl:I)A11V tct1J't'YjV ,in:LKUQOVtaL Ola tOU (fUIl1tOGtO\J, to orcoiov 1tQOO'EqJEQan Ete;. 1:ouC;/"ta~ELou1:l'ca-; titv 1tClQ<lIlOVl}V die; U.V(l1.toJQ110EO}C; 'COlV~ Ot {,XOUQYOL, Ot dVtl1tQOOOl1tO( tOU Kavuoo K(lL 'tWV rlJtm- 2t,LWV &VtEJ'CQOcrOl1tEUOV'tO Etc; amo. '0 £1tL KEqJU).i)C; toil ,(J1JIl1tooiotl AOQoo; PWtOLAO (Rothschild), fJYELQE 1tQonoo(JLV: «U:n:EQ ~iic; KU~EQVl1O'EWc;. tne;. Alll:OU ME'/UAuOtntOr;;» 'xat OlEK~QU~EV on llfl'a~iJ tOW, K1.l~tQv~loEwv attLVEe; OLTJU-

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'N. A., El; 'tilv 'IOluvvou:n:oAtv" (Jo~anlleslrurg), tnv ltQOluoouoav tOu Tgmo!kt<lA; E\'; ta.~a"(J'tQalLaVa<; :n:OAEL;, )'telV-

'1:0;;, ol &:n:EO'tahllb·Ol toti ']bQIl.ql: €yEV.OVro 8Extot \.I.E ltQlYXL:n:LXac;. tl).LU;, At :n:oAm>tal',xal otQClnw'U'XuL' uQxulllQx,ovto xQOIg il3l;O'80x,t\v iWV, toiC; 1'JVxono, to 01'6); £"0 :rtuQiot"l'joav~ 'Xal hi:fiEvtO de; tac;. &latUYB~ trov,

,'17

Mijv~ tlvac; =tQOttYOUj.levm<;, 6 X. L~yd. 6eo7ge I!t3o-' ·JtOL1]'6elC; ~1C6 ttVCOY&I''PL~6AOU I!u'LxQlvdag m'l9Oq>OQ.,)¥wv; , ,o;;divtLat)).LLnxttt ~EYEOO'I!L;' (pogrcitn8)' &YEqiay'QO'uv dc; ~v llo),covtav, d:n:~O'tEi.Mv '!; t3tao; autoU 1CQrotot)ou).£a<;'d; '"'ilJv- BaQO'o~lav iJ:vaxQltlxTjv ~:ltL tQO:lt~v. nQOI!8Qruo~vT)V U5tO -,;o\j 'IO'",8a(ou sir Stuart Samuel. TO';;10 l!EY,'&tua:An dva ""10 GU!A1taV (1lrbi et orbi) , 'gn 'ft '~yy1.£a i);hru "va YlVU 101.;,

alae;. t~ x,rooac; 0 =to6i&uxo; to;; 'IO'oatV. "; ,

, "AUcoe; 'te, 8tav & MOllQ; Che1mflfOJ'd gq1iJaO'EVEi.;' 'to ·~Q .... a tij~ a:n:oO'toAiis 'tOU, , 00;. civtlj3acnlrl1t;; nov 'IvllLow.' o 'Iou3aLo~ Rufus Isaacs MQ80C; 'Reading,-' «\ 2CQcP"riV dvro",(<ltO~ Auta(JriJ~ ?tal -6na'(O'; UQIlOotlK -d; t.qv- Olioot-· yxtwva ExA~{}1'J ': vO: 'tOy 3lU3ex.6ii ei.; ,~1co~lJ.o. Xala '''(oO'oij'(O' lJ.allov A,I!Jttov 'xul E"c[q>O~O'v. ?taft· OGOY at 'iV"- 3£aL, ~l!'I(o n:OAltLKWv xal liLoLl(l1nXw~ IlEta~puall(oE6>V,

.elvaL EV 7I:MQEL dvuj3gaO'IJ.IP. "

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lloAltELWvi:.l1QE·'tov 'tp6:n:ov va bca1)i..wOlJ xat. :n:w..lV ta; 3tgo~ . tO~ 'Iou8a(o"\I~ .G\I"3ta{)eLa~ -cO". 'Y:n:i8EL;E Mo 'Ioea1"jAlt~ a~a va TOY aVtL3tQOOCdl'tEUfJ"COOLV E~ Mo lhul'tTIOLa; fa; 6:n:OLa~ tcp aV£{)llx~' 4} KOlVWVLa tooV 'E3voov, xed, a:n:av-coov Et; €v naQanovov TOU wtAO"U tOll Pa~~tvo" Ba·~; (Wise) moot l~ tUXll; "toov ~IO"oa'JAlfrov tTj~. avaloi..utii; E~Qw:rtTi;, aLElUnroO'SV E~ E:n:L010A -.lv, 8T)l-lOOt8l.l3e!oav tl)v 1 0 ~E:n:tEj.L~(OU 1920, "tov 3O:U1J.Mliov rou :n:QOs "to"u; 'E~QabolJl; ro; ~;: cElseOQOj.L.e1i'.d; tat; <HvwIlEVat;; llOAmta;. waC!. ol 'Io'lJl\aiol .a:n:oAauouoL t1lt; ";).l1Qf:otEQa; toollltO;, j.LE 1I:o(o:v Mlj.Lotllt41

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Qov't(l Kill to i.8ewl)e; toli t8(ou 1\1.I.('OV. "E{)vou;».

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'0 EQU\)QO;. (ftQato;, otav XCltEXAUO"I; rl1v nOA(t)VlUV.

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KCl.a tilv I'Jtt'UL1]V liit; &vaxcoxi'it; Kal nov :tQOOtO)v 81£{)vwv ot!vevvoTjaEwv 01 'Iou8alm :n:aQEo'Xov !J.Ey(trn"jV exaou-

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'H Ill.; HUQLaLOuo:; I'E(lfJ.C!.VlY..q a:n:o(Jto}..~ :n:EQl!:Acl~L~ClVE" axEbOv ~t6vo" 'E~Qo:[out; ).I.Em~'" tWV On:OlWV 0 Oscar Oppenheimer loCat 0 Mm'x Wl,ll'bll1'g, a6EAqJoo;; toli yaf.l~Qw w~ lQaltEtCto"lI -cii; N. 'Y 0(')(1]t;, KCll 0 Jakob Schiff.

. Ta ~E1o(1'l~€O"ouQa IlQ{}Qa to'v :1Qo€aQOu OUbAOWVO;-tooV 0:10l(t)V to lEJ,EutClWv £~Cl:n:Ei.Ui til\' tBEav .1'j~ KOlV(t)VLClt;. tWV 'E{}vwv - xaL 'ta :rtEVt!: O't'~l,d,T]Q(OfACltLXa tOlCliha, tll. ltgOGtE8€VtCl Elt; 'ta ltQOllYOUIlEl'CI ELt; (oyov EXqJwv'J)fliv'ta do:; lr.V Nial' 'Y 6Qx1]v Ko:ta ~ErrtEf.L~QtOV 'tou 1918, ala va OQL<1(1)O"L ta.; f:\cioELC; a{,tou, C"Etc,,~ua-311aClv v:n:o .oli :n:gi.Y;l.LltO; Max tlit; Br:Hi'l1o;;,KayxEf.agiou tou Pcl"ix., Eu8uc; wt; i'l. rEQf.LClVLa, Vli!.lj{}Eio(X xal XCttaQQEUOClOU, E~nt~trClfO till' ElQtlvliv.

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M.v :n;QE:ltEL va __ Ex:JtAl]auEta\'. nc; eXv TI KOlvUJvLa 'toov "E-tlvwv EX1JQUx-8'l1 «ouaHoSwc; tauSai:xljt; EIln:vEuOEmt;1' u:Jto ~oii israel Z o,!lgwill .. Kat 0 AO~I'I(Lavoc; B6J..ql 'UVUl'tooO'wft~ 1;WV touSa"xwv t-to.(QELWV, ciqlou nIlQEO'td.{h .. £v rEYEUn ~tc; tl]v IUVE}.ruO.LV 'tii~ KOLVOlVlll~ 1:(OV ·E-8vow. asv ES(OtUOE vel E1tLx'''QwOll xat, au"to;; on l] .KOLvwv[a» autl) ~'to lv «.tll·lDV(q. ~ ta; clry~Eic; ,xal tEQw't(hcl.l; :!taQaaaaEl~ 'tou "Io\J~ai:alloii xat 6'tt GAOL' ol 'IaQa1JAital Wq;ELi.ov va -itEOl'QWO"lV w; tEgoV xa3fix6v 'tqlV vel tTJV U1tO(Jt'l1QltOlO"L ~lL' oA<.OV 'tWV~\lvatwv IlEamv.

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<L'ltoon:UOll1'itO:;'f:x .g61O'G'lxoii Pt~l£ou. ~aql(li..taJ.Levo" f~ 'TO:B;'itish J{use:um, xat' AUyO\Jlnov "CaU lOO6xa't '(0 o:Jtoi.ov":' tlX£\' wp'h1,ov:- .TbMr,. b '14) JI~' HI ,'·ArilZQ""~ ~6.,,£tlO' :ra:d,~,,,1) a""cl'ld .. 'IP _(:l:'qIlElOOOELC; EvO; ·OQ{}oM~o'l.l/ B' '~htSOOLC; btOlQ{)OlJ.L£V1') xal 11tT)u~TjlltvTi, Tsarkoie-Selo, 1905)'1

'H ~lETr.i<wUOU; u-tit'l'] ~~e~6-8T)' XUtU &1!'ltt}..l~QtOV t'Civ 1919 nagu tiil\' Eyre,a.ndSpuUe:rolloode, xal ~qlEQE 'tov dt),ov: c'O 'Ioi~a"i:)(o~ x(vaUYOc;, nQQ)tOxolla' twv IOqlwv' rilc;Iul)\,)t (The jewish Peril.: Pvotecol» 0,' the' Learned Elders of' Sio;1-), Av"t'll',au £I-'EVEV ~Jtl·1C·oi..vv·lQ6vo\r:AYwo- . (J~O~ d; "'IV ~'AyyAtay Ea.v 'atl~dX't~; 'toov' 'cITdtl-lt;1) lib> elxa' (JXEcpt<iij "Il: clq'Jl'!Ou"WO"a E~ airt·lj\l EvaQDoo~ 7<al.,;u aIDun 1tI!Q l . a~tij; < & (_I I< E't(1. ~EJttOIlEQii ·1tEl?l YQllql~V '.' . :Jt(lOXaAOUOOV ' "tIIV aYOl,-;foo~'l1 ~:{'IronIO'LY'; M,v auto to '~L~},(OV &i..'I']-8tvn. ",nrtm;· 8h OLEQl;Jyu.IJ.EV Il(o;V yeQI-'(m~-nv dl?ll'V:TJv "1tao~' Su't va. -Un:rneuLj.'ml.tl."· ·~t~ 11(0;" louSa'i,1<l\v tOLtt6tTJV; ,

'Ev ~ tIE ·1.QOVfV &;nJltAoql6pE~ lv. Aovll(~~:~' dYY~.Ll(ll ~E"a~Il~Jl~ trov dIQmto)(6};~OlVJt. YE.Ql-'avu<T! :t()L~u~'g ~a'll110- OlEUetO El'; to Charl(ltt-e'lzbwrg (Be'l'litl) {mo tou.x, Golt.fried ZW' fJ~·"i;: TO: Muatl1<a tooV ~ocpWv.ri'i; l:lwv {Die (i1·heiml1i.~::w drr Weisen tlO?~ Zion) xal EllEb(SE'tO dQxna taXEm~ El; to. XQatTj ~oii P"utx rot;'xal El; rilv Aum-glav.

Tb tlg{lQov t,WV .Tdi.l.L<; ii1t;Qoxw.eaE 't1)V :ltQ.oOOl~\! eltl tOU louS~~Kov l~WS'P'Q1J (Jewish Peril). ·A.p.eO'O);to.·IiLtl1l.dQtov £yELYE fn.lGEvQElOY - e~1JQ".Illv(0'6Y1- x.a(, :1(QaYI'«·:ltaQdoo;oy, ol l!:xMtal Eyre "at Spotti..~wofJde ea~i..o>oav, on 3ho fta exal-'vov l'En .. £:<50(!W 1l-1n;oii, 'A).i..ti. SOl; OJOU, 'til qlQovt[at €8VLXLC1ttx1j; "tl voc Ii tULQEV:x; ~ The Brit OnB.,-iIlJWml\16ii vEa dYY',l:~il Ey.boau,;, fi jLloyd",;,] i\lle~T)a(a £IPrIIlEC]i; : The

Mm'ning Post MTlJ.lOO(EUEV UXO ,TO" tI:TI.OV: «<H aq;OQl-ri'l 'tij'i xaYXOGJ.lLOU dVlJGUl.la;» (The Cause of Word Unrest), OELQelV uQ8Qwv n:oAil tW11Qwv, ~UOlSO~U~VQlV Ext tW.v l{El~U~"VWV tOOY «IIgwtoxoiJ,wv» xcd Ext EVygUqJwv XQOVEVEOtEQW; , cvaxCLAucpfiEvtC<JV xal aJtol)w'.vI)OVtW~, Utl 0'1 'IOUSUlOl slrrn b.EivOL ElIO 'Cou; o:;[o(ou; ~:;[QE;tE ,\'It Ur[Ei'lt:l)oIlEv 1;~" ;tayy.o~ 0l-\-WV r.ax.E~iav, 'tnv ![UQct'tELVOUOav 'Cft; !lEta;tI}AE~LtXa~ olxo"vo~.uxcl.; xal 1tOALtl){U; l)uOllOALa;.

Et.; tUIO <HVO)!1EvUt; IIoALtEl.o; il;I)YlIl00"LlOu8lJ, :ltCICHI tOl; x. x. Small }.Jcr!Jnar'd t!t Cie tit; BounovTl;, aiJ.Tl J.len1- qJQaGt;' EJtlYQaqJOJ..lEVTl «Ta llQwtOxol.Aa xaLl! IIayxoO"I-uO; avatQo1t~» (The Protocols and wo'rld reuoluilon}. Kal ltOAWV~Xl} IlEtacp(lClm; UVEqxlV'll Ext XAEov 1'tcn;a 'to 1920, Et; t~v raU(av JtQaxtuta nva, 'uuvol)EUOJ.l.£Va Ex XEQUtOXWv 'tou ~l~),LOUtOU :l:EOYlOU Ne(}.ou XatEX,wQLol:)l1O"av ELt; ta; ~qllWEQUja;: COT"l'espolldant, la Vieille France, l' Urbain Golder, l' Action Francoise, l',Opilzion, IlQrot11 tJEtciqJQaO"LIO MTlJ.l.OalEU8Y1 de; tltv Libre Parole, uUel J.l.6~ vnv xctt(x l:E1ttEI1:f}QLOV tel> 1~20 xal aOlOJ.l.EvO\l tou 1921 ~l(ud,oq>6QllO'£v 1] "EK~Oo"LC; J..lEtU 3tQoMyou tOU :l:E~a(Jf.4, Jflttin'),-xal. 'f) €xBome; til; la Vieille France J.lE'ta O"XoAlU)V de; 'tltv uQXlJV xel Et; to t€AOC; ~~.

Elvnr /),J(fXOAOV va YVWQ(~WIlEV ((Ie; ~huq>6Qou; ExMoElt; 'lci~ YEvo~ac; EV Poo 0" LQ,. lIIaLvEtm' OtL ~ :TC(l(o'tTl, I1nc;' OqJEL:\f,"CttL E~ tOY x(lfhlY'rItlJv Iipywv NEiJ..ov, EyEVE"tO XUlel to 1.9U2, aU' ClUtfl fla i)yoQaufiTl 'xat ~~11qJUv(a8Tl fmC. 'twv r~Ul)u(oov KuMO"ov ta uvtLtUlta {(,"!'tnc; "£lval ()\lU~UQEtu,

I) Le Peril Jndi:o-nla~o'nnique: "Les Protocols des Sages Je Sion> (Emile Paul),

, 2) -Les Protocols- (M. de la .Vieille .France»], '

E:!1!1'~r'I 28

"Ej'[avE~EMaTl XCl'ta to 1903; "Iuwe;, «Urt i\ :It(l(Dt1) tij; ";n;ol~c H(n;%0l-'81I d1l1:h'lI;n;o1l dvat T) t0l! 1,9.05; fine; E~lqJ<;r.(VEtUL E~ tOY xaniAQYov tOU British MUSfum~,

'0 Pwooo; O"u'I'IQuqlruc; C. Butmi E51JJ.l.oo(e)JoE J.LnaqlQ(1O"tv CtutwV xu'tu to 1907 J..lf: tlJV O"UV(;POl-tlJv tou-(HIEAqJOU tau A, L. Buinii oxo tOY tItAOY: «·0 ',"~o~'tfi~ d1l"l1om6n'1:0~. To ~lt3}.(OV, Extu:Ftco{tev U1EO tfte; '~xOAnc; tOO\! -KO)qJUAUAWV tijt; lllOtQOUJtOAEOOC;, acplEQoutO Ei; tTrv «"Evwoiv tOu POOOlXOU Auo;:;», nntQlOOtUt.qV 'Eta'LQ(nv, Tin; )tatE:ltOM~el to\)1O 'Ioul)aLou; )tnL 'ta; uJtoxQuq>ouC; £latQElCl;, 'tae;

"t"oO"ov 3l(1I)EI)0~Eva;. totE Ev PwO"£q.. . ,

To €QYov 'tOU :l:EI,lY(01l NEu..OU EO"'/.e VE(J~ bcMOELt; X(LtU "t"u 1911 1912 1917 xat 1920, <H • AI1EQIXCXVtX~ J.l.ftdcpQcx(w; Ey€V~tO ex ~.~t; bca6O"EW; tOU 1911, tT)~' ihn;u<:TCw{lelO"1]t; .dt; TO l1ovacrtTjQlOv tOU 'AylOU ~EQy{o".,·H ,€xI)oo"l; tOU 1912 llev I1Vl11l0VE,\J{cat O\}tE E'i.; tOY JtQoAO"l'OV tOU IEBauJ..l. Jouin, oUtE El.~ to,,; 1tQOAOYO\JC; tijt; i'EQI1CXVlXile; KnL 't~e; dIJ.EQLxavLx~c; bcMuEW;' aAA' 1111.E1t; EXEtUxUIlEV n{,tllv' lOv tJxql)ELYI1CL 'tou e~wQlUAAou 'tfl; U:rcciQlEI et~ titv dQl:,!v to;; :rca@ov'tOt; 'toIJ.OU, (; o:rcoto; B(()H t.qv 1tQWt1]v 'VaA~~K,q:v IlEtdcpQcxoiv, 'tlJV 'IEVOl-tEvllV U1&' nn~Mcx;' EX,. tOU ~WOl~?U XHI1EVOU" <H €.XI)OOLC; tori 1917 xa'tEO"tQclqJ'Y), O"XEaDv E~ 6),ox}.i!Q01J {)ltO 'IOOV l,moAO"EBl.xwv, 11 be tOU 1920 E~Et"1tro{tll et; to' BEQOlivov, 'H I1EtciqJQCXO"tt; tOW «llgw'tOXOAAWV&' ~;E'tumlr{hl {):Ft0 "t"ov thAov: OR 'AH'Il~ ",00 ~Q"6,, xal. 0 ~MtTl;- ouvrd"ftTl; Pierre Schabelski B01'k 't~v ouvrol)evo.E - ri~ (JxoAla <JXEtLXel xQoe; tltv gw'O"lX~V 'E1tuVaOtCXOLv, fh,n 'tWV 03tOlOOV . 'XQlVOVt(1L a"at11QwC; at Jtpa;EL; to;; \l:FtOUQyou:"TchernotY xal tou !(e'tensl.:i «0 oxoiolO. tE'l}E~ bL xiq'ltiAn-c;; 'tTic; Pro-oi.ulO EX\ ES 1L1lvu;, ~la tOOV AOYrov tou1tal twv:' '.It'QatEWV

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lIard ""O'l1t{~V Elml 1) xataywyil xat· 11 &~({( utrtwv tOO1/' ,IIQonoxoU.wv~; "0 It W.; 0 TtAEY.t(lIXOS; fJ:tly{h'lQ d; tou!,;. -y.EQUtOelliEl; tJrolTiv~; l'tQOXtlAEL :OUU;{U xaf)~~llllata, OUtW xal tel «nQoJtOXoA).a~ ~(j"y'ov ro; O"UVE:;[ElUV va, ::tgoXctAtlO(OOW oV"tuoub(!t'UI~ ~{.(fElC; xal o~oAla, anOXUAUlttOvt« d; roll'; BtaqJo(lou,:; '.nt.u; ~\"!l O:YWVLw15'l x[vlh)vo\' v.al YVW(JtOltOLouvw. to Glll:btOV-l:X(\"tQCltElUo;, to El'tIVOf] 3Ev u:to toij 'IO"(lct1I", (luI va :rQuy~W:t(,:;;OI fJon to ~EyaJ..El(o&e; O\'ElQO" !QV. to &vtL;{d~ln'o," ti;:'~' :-fQor.awvlwv CPIAOSO~UJ)\, tal', 'litOL t:7JtI nQy"oO'p.~Ot· 'HW1,aQxlat'.

AI GW)VU1'COtCtl. EtULQELUL O"UVEY.QOt'l'}ouv (fI!V€liQLOl' El~ t~V BrH,~ XO'I:u to 1897 xal EQQ1WaV 6V avt{jJ tU; ~(itJEI~ :;tQoYQCt!l!.H:tt'O; M.t"((y.tnaEWV toii Ol'COlOll,ctl :rcQO'l'}YOU!-1-EVUL El'tlt'UZlcu EOly'(!W;,,5yol!v t:TJv EUQU't1]W. Tb l'tQ6YQ((~L~tCt to\''[O Mv lmd:I1;llI.V'I)e !.I.lh"ov tau; Iha&oXI;(oiJ; &VtLXEIJ.lE\,lXOUr;... (lxo:wil:; :~o.l fa; U%O],OUOljtE(I ~El')0601'<; x((i 'tol'; tllQ'I'j'-' 'tEOlJ~ tlXXtHCOV; Yoct\,ovu,;. TO. &u.iCPO(l« t!l~Il(ltct tOv IUVE- 15Q[O\1 o"V~'it~:uroo" It(l((KtlX<< .WV OUvE&(llC(aEwv rrov, 0,,0-' ~U:t~6~E\,{t ¢n!]rut6y'(lJ.~a» :rcgoWgtO!AEVO: v' avuxolvW{JWOLV Et,; nva.; !,u::"n!"lw.El'OlJ'; xaL {')lct't1]Q~a(o)Ol TO (Ji'..Elhov TOO\'

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TID).; (, A.ftx:s !_Vicolajevilch Til eiXE :itQO~lllll€l'Oli;

AlSo 3laMoEL<;' {.1taQ'lO"Uv :rtEQl to,)tou· il oV'teYQth.PlJoav VltO yuvancO; n.voe;; O1J;iiyou i1 6QwJL£vTJt; Evbt; Ex trovauvta;aynov auta ~EI.n!1]J.LEvwv. xaift oreoLa flhlW[llJGe xa-6i'jxov tll;" va J.LEta~tl3cil1l1 ta (iytlYQQcpa t"aUt!,l ~t; XQlatlQVOV ll\tY~J.LE:YOY va' {lian TOU~ OJ.lo,'}o-qaxOVt; t1];, d; 3tQOOOVlv Evavdov twv axotiwv' Kat &'ltEtATjnxo}Y n:QO{lfO'I!'WV tOU ILmVIGj.lOu· oil. {,n:EETII~IIHt'l'}Ciav alto XQ,watox~omov 'to on:oiov dx.ov Ot l:Lwvt~tal Ei; ttVII n:61tv t"i1~ 'A10'~Ti:a;. Abo elvlIt ~i~aL(Jv,

!! e , e ~ 11.' ' e _.0.' • 'J:I.'

u;v T] t-l.la ex to)V I)UO -.outwv vreU'VEOEIDV ElvaL QXQLpll<; .•

xatt"ooov ol x«feolOl teQY' q>~UIi&(O)_'X aa 1t[loGetrd-3T)oav va. cilta,J4~wolv o:xo miil"t):v iJlt6VOll~V xcii ltaaav IDcl)LXT)GIV to" 'bQuO't1]Y, 11 tou<; b(la<nat; t1i; {,:;te;aIQEoEW; i1 tWv ~ba;tQ01.-3fl(f(ilv dXQtTOI,.I\)'3twv.

or Pi()(JOI jlEtacpgu,Gt:dt _dvm' UIl.qx)tE{J01 £vtlj.lOLdv{lQwltOI l(<<i q:al6-DQ1jmtOl. At'i,t£taQ)QaoElt; tIDV eival, IDctO; IlEQLKroV i.EltfOfJEQE((:;)V, ov~cpmvol. - M' OAa taVTa Otav ,0 A k.7,:is N. soucliotin )taQM{IlGe~ Et; tOY }';,i(,lYIOV N e1/..o1- t* (pu)J.abux,tov cruVEOtTjaE va KalAn fTJV y.a)J.LtEQ<lV XQi'jOlV a1hwv 3tQO; {,~EQaO'XLOW 'toov O'lIJ.LQleQOv'tWV ti'j; aQ11oXda~ x«l iiit; rcatQl6or;, tO~{j' O:itEQ 'Kat tmltQEltn' E~ tOY £v£OY1]a«yta 'ilv liTjj.loo(ruow fIDY .Ugwto'xoJJ.wv» 1tllt<ll' tt"a £Al!mIJE(llIlV EQJ.l.T]Vela; xal O1Jvto.~~ro<;.

"Ooov bUI ,,",V:itoaYIlO'tlX6t11ta til; {,l'tE~L(I~aEro; EyYQacpwv bt trol' lOQu7JAlXWV Q(lx.e£ro"· Ql\'(lJ E;tlj3EjXItOVtal &; EyXl.'l').(OU tou l:lwvtO"TUtQU, Kof,u tato\J, XQOYQloYo\,'Il.f:vl};, altO to, 1901' Ek till' 6ltOlllV 0 MKtOlQ Hm·tzl :rtalKln:oVEi:ta~ 3lU fu;u1Ce;aulQEael~ ilL 6no"UuE1t'&fQEljIQV Ett; toVt; j3e~~'.o'\J~ (Gemti11l.) va yvwQtl1WO't ta. ~\Jo't-lXa tOOl' '«TIQwtox6,1J..mv .. :

I.

III

Ta CHQrofoxOUa» elvaL .,EtXOO'L d~G~ tOY dOt-ltllov. -:mV(U IldUo~ 3LOOmuUku xlll',yvrojuxa' nlloa ,dVaxotvw, -~. c)a(Y£1'IlL H·tl 6 cruyypa~c; ~ro:v ~ ot· ~Q(U:PEt; trov" '~'Iax.ov roc; XUO'COtEQIlV fflQovtUia va b&€OQ)O'lV e1<; etxOo"L uO'O'aoa ~-8~IlIl~a ta 8Oy"ala toU 'IGoa,;", toUl; UvttXElsi£VLXO~ fOO O'XO:ltO~. otic; ~L&U~XfL' 0310 froy aoxaun-dtrov "xQOVrov xal ldc; Mm'OJ.LEQ£~, "(ou ",dLxoii OX£li(ou lXatoa-

.cl~' :ltQoe; -xafaxn]O'Lv "'11;, :ltayxOCJIl(OU ~ouO'kte;6:1t6tE ta' ',,m~a aa ~cpa(voyt() :n:aOEO'X2U(lCJJ,&5vO ~la vaoQILaWO't "(ov . a~OcpaCJ,LCJtlXOV ciyrova ... /

ALa fO~ 'Iou8a(olic;,&£v {In:aQIEL «lUo li(XOLOV :ltaoa '1:0 -Tik; laxuoc;: " q;nAeAeuiJIEOu. HalEQtQ61PE :ltllpd 'toic;' G:oym

-n\v tIE a01}O'XE£i:av xai. liIv-- ~OyQ'£a.y' 6 XOUGO; dvaL de; lEt-

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, .A, 'I8X'Icw&x«l ,CFlCHlI 8,eu&6vovtlll unO "EWV 'lo,,8a(rov

-.ol6:1toiol xa'teu3Uvoom. tCil;' bt&rii~OEL; xal Til", :It{lon:ayd'\!-'

,.:&v ciWwv.· ' . :

Ot ·XOt~u:r.vLl(ol Aaot 31\ . elvaL fllLEoav n;a toaov imo-YOlltEVlJtvOl, .OOCJtE 3~ oltat~~O~LV ~1EEQxu~gv1ICJL\; lIay-

-~O'lltav :it1}yd~o\lCJav' br. '(o~ '~ou8c1·Lal-'o;;. 'Ilhatt€QOt npAElloL

'ul J.Lta natxoCJJJ.u~ o-ii.~,t;, ij,v 6 "IaQa~).,'}a 3UVTJaii va A;axoA.ucrn, aa A:ltlCJnroaroCJt t)ijv Baol)'da~' «~pij. <R lou3aixi)'

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,,~aQlu. ,'}a ~Vt:':l(ataCJt1\Gn ~ ,cpc.AEMvDEO£aV '(wv XOICJua-

~"lXWV KQa'twv. "01ai. at 'fJOllO'Ke1aL a~ xa'tapYTJ300aL ~l.i)v 1lK to\i MQ)i)0"6U1~ (31),1. '(oU- Tal.l-'o-U&). /-

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B7

fk£l.coCJ~ xal aa {,no&rolwCJUlCJL lila tij; 3o).mpovLa; xal tOO l:xcpo(3lCJJlO;; lva 'tw.v 1awvti}t; EflQ<i>1tllt;· IIOO08EUtlxoc; 4p6ooe; bel tOu xEcpo1a~O\I' xai &Mla· KOU'tlxa' fa' cb:oxata· O'tQ~(l)aL '(oue; x.Q~CJtt.aVOOt; '(oUt; O:l(otou~ lWeoc; 3LOOOXaMq aa lxn aV1}aUCO:l(OLfjae.L )ted. '" ~1I:t 1:oO"ov x06vov dvaJ.LE\'olJivl1 <'OQa ita OlJllaVU. ·0 Bao""ri, " .. -1",41aw, "'''fit"'''AC 'Ioe II.nIlOJ,"","" .4 __ ,hV"" inl 'IcriJ HCI¥ala,_tl'fmoc "vIIMlnoc.

TOLomov Etval ly awt:6 .... <tl "EO :n:eQ1exOJlevov '(wv cIIQUI'(ox6.llUlv •• - ElvaL 1Cal.bv va J.Lu.£1'~on . n~ 'ia 3uicpopa xec¢1aLaaUtWV, va O'UyXOlvn to XtLl-'EVOV 't0lV 1E{lOe; au« ' .moacpa ef3oaixi); ltQOeA£UO'Ecoc; xaL va mxQU!l)Qilon b dVl J,Li'lQCP lxou(Jl npaYl1a'to:ltOLTJ6i1, xata xal J1na '(0), 1I:oAs-' 110V, 'ta nQop).Eqrtt~a yeyoy6'lCt xal avo:yyd3rna: ,au!4ile';' th1x6'ta I!lt; cpulld3t~ y2Yoa .... lltva 1I:{l0 EXXOCJLV bwv. ' ,

, To 'tpttOv xEqKil.auiv aUtWv tIDy &13aO"lta).LOOy tOOY 1:0-' cpWv, ~o\i ·ICJQai)). nEOLExEL' {;nulVlYf.l.Oy Elt; ,((lY "'Otp,,.,·o o7l:oior; auI-'PO).(tEL rlt~ n:QOO8E'U'tLX~V "ood«v, tOO ·ICJOa:YJ). :It!}O; rljv 7I:ayx.oCJI-'lOV xVPLUox(av. '

~O l:lQYLOt; N eUoe;, E1<;, toY bo.oyov to;; (3L(3).(O" tO\l, ·"(0 01l:0ioy ft QI-'EQlxavlxi) xal I ft yeQ~vLxTr ll£tdcpQaOlt; ~£v tIt!\' {,11;' ~EL tTle;, mlQ£x.EI ltl!QdQ';o,,~ ~E,",O"EQE~; nEQl "Eair au .... tM).ou 'tOt'i'lou tijt; tou8a"xij; 8imlliEcoc;; dd.1tOtE 'VLXlJcpOQOU, ~'tav 3a exD 7I:EQixAeiaEt' ta ~Qroltcitxa KQd'tl)'; Kaia ~O:t; tou6a'~xae; ltaQaMO'EL~. -iJ' :l(Q6Q'Q1Jatt; 'aut:1J dviOXE'taL elt; tOUe; XQ6voue; 'toii ~ol.Ol1o:ivtO~. ,'H XEcpaAi) , loii Oq>EQ)1O. naQLonivEL "oUt; Wuvov'tag, tciur; IJ.EI'''T1!dvoUr;.''(,ju ·looa~A. EtoMeL elr;' tlty xIlQ8'(av tx.cl.G-tou· 'l:WV litvooy Btu va'ta lhacp-6eLQn. va '(a xa~aO"(ObPn' xat-', UYUIUlo'lloaO"a b 1:1(&v, 3CPI!.Llel ya bavil3n d~ «~t~v,' u<pOt; Dei qlibt~ :n:).TJQWOI!L ,tOY X~Xi.:()Y tmy -xa'l:a)tn~?,Erov t1);.

38

Ot l:lOlVUJtlll eXOUOLV cbIo nolloii X~vou· 6QLI;£1 tOY 'laQt1)V Elt; ~bv on.oiov etwu' lyy,qoQuYJlbo,,- to 3gol-'.o"6- y~ov - tOU ~QttEtOV; )tal ~:ltL toli xa,,,,ou ofnoii O'1JIUlLoUvtOL ot. IlEYdi..Ol O'tUf)j.101. toii 5g.oIl0).OY{.oU, ot aLo",,{}a.l'E~l(al .of· !lillovte~ ,'0. "&Lovu3wOlV. '0 -:ltQwto.; <ftO{}IlOt; to 031JYEL it;:. t7)". ·EiJ..d5u, X<ltO: ·n)y. En.ol7)Y 't.oii IIEO''lWoulS (429 :n:. X.)· ·bi. .ii~ ~aO'Ik(or; tou AUyoud.ou. o).(yOY noo tii; yevv~-O'e~.; toU 'T 1)0'0{; XQl<fWU, IJ xEt:pal-i, tOu"OcpE~ dO'EaUO'EV d; iiJv PWt11jv. °H MuZlginf ,(~" etaEv EIJ.CpCmto~v ~1t1. KO(lOA01J t~;:; E'· ot IIUQL<ftOI xata 'tilv noga..: 'I!.~l)" Aou30~LX~U _'t.ol! 140,,· '(0 AovMvO\!.. KOT&' -'(flv ,,(wO'll' tOU N (l7l:.oAioYl~~ 'to BEQ.oALVOV xlna 1:0 1871. !-lEla ta;; a1l:0~f6>(JEIIS TIir; cruv{)TjXT]r; troy BEQa~).Lw,,· Tt nETQoun;o;'Lr;

xata to 1881.· -

Ell,at O;t.o" <friIJ.ElWO'Ero; 3n (lAo '(a KQcinl' 6n:1. tm" 07l:0(oov- <5 "Ocpt~ acpfjx-E to yAvooZle; 'elVOr; eou, txAO"(CJ-D1)oav IlEx'Ql ~wv {}eIJ.E).tw~ too" ltlt9 n:O;"ULXWV xiilK01VOlVlXWV xQLaEmv.

'0 XciQtT)~ 3eutvUEL 3\u ~eAW~ 1:0Ur; ~EAwtu(ovr; CJ'tu{}j.lOU; : :rill' M6axav •. to K1e~.oV, lTJY '031lCJoov, Tf)V KOlvCJtaV1:lvounOAlv )(01 dAo!,; tTiv 'IEQollCJaA~J.I.. If)v, acpEtT}()tav xal to lEQIJ.O "toil IJ.OlQU(Oll 3Qo,",oAoyL.olJ. '0 l:Elrfl.o; NeU.o1i El. tTlv e)(3~CJLv looV «nOOlt.o)«(iuwy .. tou'1922 aVOcpEpEl ent MOY noU&. f:.YYQoqxx -tU onota £9XOVtal vel lOVWOWO'L t&r;. 3Looria),(a;; _ -xal . ta; JtQOQQ-qOEI; ,(IDY l:ocpwv tije; l:Kbv. Tov NOEIJ~QLOY loU 1910 ta cNfu rii; Moaxa~. (Moslwtl- skitl, Viedo'';'o8ti) ro'l')"oCJ(a,oYliQ{}~ov. 1:.0;; K,· J. Tour, En;~YQ(U:pOIJ.EV.o" eX .. dncb'QVqHlloveJai,," 'A'OO1'Od""GsCP -be.l)(VUov t~ nQUYIJ.Ut.o1tOll)fte£aa; :ltQoo30u; "'ltO t"wv "Ioo- 3aLoov el; "tl1v (loo(jtX,flY A~tO)(f1UloQ(av: CKala to 3LCiCJlTlllQ:

-,;wv 50 TOUHOV tEAEtl1:alO}:\l 6UOV MAf,aL lHltaOtQoqlal ~1rli).- 30v. xat ExaO"t'T) 't'O'lJrwv 't'WV KOtao't'Qocprov El'tEO-l'tE\laE 3~a "'{ty.avnaLou ~tlIlCt'tO; to Lou3arKOV eQYov ....

«Elr; t~v Pm(Jlav, l\ 'EltaVUOl:aat; aEv £l't£:ruX£ :t8Adw~, alA' 6V tOlJtO~ oL '!0\l3u'i0l . EXEQaumv noAu, lUQlr;· de; ta .(J\)IJ.~dvta toii 1905 xcl 1906, Tu t'EAE'IJ't'llta <rUve3Quf Trov ul'tEXciJ..U'ljJav oAa; toov 'tar; eA,.d5a;. 'H ~oul-'a wJ.tE:rtAaYll l~ eva; V0f.locrxEMou un:O'y£YQaj.1llev.ou '{nto IlEyaA.ou UQl-D!-'OU ~OlJAE1JtWV, XOQT}youvtO; It),tlQ11 ta6tT)ta 8LXUtfJ)!lCi1;rov Etc; -"tau; '!elJ8a[our;, ottlYE; UltOAflUOUOLV llliT} nQdY~tatl l'toUWV lt~.EOVEKtT}llcitrov. 'Alta tlir; Eltoxii; 'tou VitOugYEtOU tOU Witte ta apLa tii; atallovij; tWV 'IagaT)Anwv, xaxw; tTJ'·goulA-Eva eiAl.oTE, &.l'te~1')(Jav j.l.a:t(lLCt &1.0. OH(l(i~ EYXUKAIOlV. xat at TaQax.Ctt. aln\,E~ KCtttatQEljJav 1m! o.V1'){}O(Olt.oL1l0(lV .ou~ alit6x{tovo\: lt~1'){t\)crlJ..o,J~. (lltftilJOUV ,~u1 a{ltIll ltQo; ~cpEAO; nov 'Iov8almv»,

l:uYXQovo; (JU'Y'Ygaq>EU; (0 M. Damt.')chanko) e;Eq>Qaa£ tnV f'e,ii; yvro\lTjv Et; Ill~A.(OV alW0aLEU{th :.tata to 1911.: cAaJ1BavOIl-EvOU Ult' o\fJEt -cou o;<.EtLi!Wr; Illx(loii uQu'}lJ.oil trov 'IolJ3almv. 0~l:0l ).lOVOl troy dr; !lL(.tv E1lQELCtV ltcUllV Sf\' .Mvavtm BeBatm<; va vLXljO'OOOt to ltATi{}O~ BV 1:0 I-tEOQ,) 'tOu -OltO{ou ~WOl V 00; nagclcrL til. ~~' 8 El1EVO'llO'CtV 6V EtSO~ alhox'(ov(ar; lILa tOU;; X QUJtlCtvo-o<; , :t:QO'KllAOiivu; E1tttfl6Elmr; l'tag' aU1:Ot~ f:1lq>U]..lOUr; SLCtcpuw(a;; 1<rl.\ l'tCtOU<l'KEUcil;ovtEt;

00 " st' \. ~ H '

EVtEX,Vm; XClKOuL.oIX1')OEL<; xm axuIJEQVTIOlll~».

'Acp.oU EX01J(H J'tEQLcr;Ullii;EL 1:0V lQucroy xat XCL1:CtAap£L d~ Xi~gd<; tOOV Tt;l ;CUQlWtEPIl O{lyava to;; Tunou, E:tns-l'tT)O'ov xa'(o: tWV 1l0VUQXWV, SLon OU,,(Ol Elv t .. "la dvc..ntea dv'I'a"", .nl1.h!'7J!i a1i'ta.na"J'7fa£co;; Hal a,a~HJ.e'l'h7J ~.no,,,,tl'O>!: tid 1in£Qaantt71 nlf" 8,t, £Y"G' da{Joevt",. ~La

80

''CoGIe> ol'lou&lic)LEx,OVO'l mlvraxou ~L€\n(01~ 'f.qv \11£0- xolmataO'lv to\; al1,,01CQ«tlxoli ,roAlIWp.aI~ e~ to "OVqpxntOy fO(olhov •

. "Oem:" dcpoQij loY. M~oAaetl'xla"ovl ~t 10u8aL6, 'fi1;.

Proma~, 68v Qgvom(lL gtl dV(I\ 01 vKw6vvoL (I~O\JQYol .. amoo: ,E~ icptll.L~o(8a rii; Charkouf. 31)"OO'lE'UOJ&iv"!V el;

Yedq.f.sk, Der .Kommup-ist, (i "IO'QO'IlAt1:l'l' JI;. Kohen, SotQOCJ!6 rlIv 12t)v • ~~'Qujou 100 1919: cAuVQfat l'lC; va. dl't'J]tlvE1I: Vl£~~lij~. OIl ~ ~eydJ.T) OOOO'L~.q. XOlVCOVLX.q ~l£(IVdOl'(lale;{l1Eij~_loyov l'WV',OUOOUov xal O~1'OL 5xL "ovoV' x~l'l)u6u'vav rlJy' v1E6itE!JLV, &iJ .. a xal'D.apov de; xsiQu~ trov to, 't~l"'J"a, l'oW '~~&. Auvd,,~a 'va .tt14£Da iiaux.OL fJl'ELc;· ,.ot 'IouooiqL;,l'P" C5O'ov fi v1CeQld'f1J_ lhe6DUv(J'S 1'00 ~u-600tr -Gl'QaioU ft~sIv(lL - et; xeiQa; toli Mov~. T~chaxl t);

. 'Abo _sIvaL tam<; 1C~(b-OAJ.lOV va 'PQovfj t'S, lin Mv ~Oxd- 1:coe; '" ·AyY).ta qtl auvatjlel' dQtl~TJv !U ta l:oPI.it, taUtolyevno, 3_uSli. ol "IaQCl1)).il'at loli 'Y l'touoye(ou xal. ol 01E.Cl301

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to'Uoob:ov ~a-6e.Ol'Wc; ,riic; El'taVa<J'lanxije; POlO'iae;; ,

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, a1COOaxtlx'ijv I)WO:I1W ,w,tl)V WXQUO'(lv. ,(at Sta 1'0;;'0 ot 'Iou- . &iOL, dQXl\i El; I'4t'1)Vl'tQOGEtCu-6T)lJav va l;a¢IQvLoroOt ~o, IJ~PMov foUlo l(ul)'& ,,(alal1V~(l)ln tev;_ dlhmtQLlou; cpmv~

81

t~ WroxaA~m:O'''CJac; 10, OX,e5lov - 'rij; b(ftQatda~ IOU "Ie,~~A. acpcoouu-6'1O'av El; rlIv tCQO'O'l'tuitelav _ 10;; va 1[aooat1JO'CDO'IV, li'n. IclxQal(l'tXa "rov ~oqniw rijr; l'!aIDv ~Gav cbt6- XQuq>a, xal abo ~O'l'l1QttOVtO b\ X(lY£),OI; aopaoo1:i lIE30I1£VOV. •.

IV

·0' ~a~.omon Reina,ch EtV~1 " 1[o<ih:oe;, 0 onoio;et;:rlJv rl>Jnnw?1-' Tije; 26 'JovvCoil 1920 l3'1]AalO'ev, on ~a cnocol61<,oUaJo abo ~O'o.v naQa xa-6aoai xat d:ltAai b:LvO'ljOE'S. ·0 CtjlE1.l60h6y0~ NEi).oc;Jo elxEY avi~tlOE' fUr; qlavt(lO'Lo-nATJ;(QS 1'0" «diro--rilv . MaQaOl'utl)V b:(lYIlG'lUtU(oitv cpalolo': ytavJoxaL ot 'IO\l~iO~. 01CWC; ol M(lOCOvOI, lauxOqlavtoWr() qlQLXOAEm;, ror; ElXOV l1l)l(ocpavrrJ-Dll mote 1)1 'I-qO'ouClaL 3L1~

tijc; 3l)I'00'lEVO~ tCOv llij8EY Manita Becrefa. ' '

~ 1i3uvtjih'j, o~ ~ov ~a w-6tlan XEQan:ioOl toue; to'X~ O~a."oo~ I~U. n;ioav til; Md_n''le; lOy(&) IOU on ic} X11oIOY" ag-69°V 't(J)V «Timee» xal 'Ii xaQlJtEl'alJivrJ ExI7fQatELa tov C·ECO-6LVO;; Tux,,6QUJA.ou:t (Morning Post) dxov naQUylfY6L ~Q)l)Qav xal. tta,'MaY brtU1tCO(JLV: ol 1(Joa'll).il'al EO'1<icp{t1)(JaY jlh 'UEt3<iUEtO va brLxelQllO'OJOL' yO dl'to3e'L~~aLV ro~ dI3dOLJla xal, ~Vl'a(J't.u(& ta. &l£Oxa),,,cp6~(1 ~QOq>a xal vel ltQOO':ltaft1)(Jcoot .' Y' aVatQ€.O'IDol Xal'a 1:0V "Cillov l'tLG'leUioY l'06xoy ta ~nLXEL(llll'(lta ta avtATJ-Dtvia Sx tOwcnQ<.t>l~ x6JJ._(J)v» ala V? XatabEtx-6ii qJavtclOflxQ '" - dnEL10it 1'0li touOOiX~__!(LV6Yvou. To' au"~OV"tOV t,_civ dvtutQO(Jillncov IOOV l) ~~ha 1'oif bT&I,lOdLoYQa'P1)(oii oQYavou to;; KOJ.l''tal'o~ tori.-

\

I) The Jewish- Board' of Deputies,

s~EqJ6QtlO'E tOY Lucien: Wolf'tlE n'}v AE1ttEnlAEn:tOV taut'llV altOO'tOA 11y.

"OJtw~ 0 Reinach outW Kal 6 L. Woll a~v 1)'£0 '1lffivlO''t~O; ltQo 'tou n:oMv.ou· Bev Elx.E O'1.IVEJtillo:; l'tCIgaO'tij EU; to O\lV£()QLOV 'tno; Bale (n:6Aewo; 'tl]o; 'EA~Etlad lOU 1897, lin' "to :It EnElQa !Levac,; a'llIA-OCHoygclqJOO;, naAf.tl or,; O'1JVEQyu'tll£ tOU (I Dnily Gmp h ic» btl tau 5EAtLOU 't1]0; E~WtE(lnr:iio; ltOAI tLxijo:;, allotE av'taJtoxQl tnt:; Ev, Aovc)tV{9 'tijo; '~!J.-E{l'f](j[ao; r ClAAtKijo; EqJ'f]IlEQ(aoo; • Le Iournal» J :lto!.v YV'J.lO.0<; EtC; tOY tUlt01', -~a3' 0001' dX.E X.911J.LUtlOEt Meyut:; btMcrxaAor;; Tn; IJ.IlGWVI-

xii; ~'to(ic; trov lJ''''1YQtlqJE(I)V xal :ltQoeI)Qac; 'tou 'I vO"'tl1:ou'tO,u

- "trov A'YItloO"loygaqJwv'. <H '~XAoYn Aomov EqJah·2to EltL'tUx.lio; &1[0 :n:ciO"110; an6'l'Ewo;. 'Ev tOU.Olo; to <hmeAEO"lla i5Ev uvta:1tEXQ({J'Il O'1.,E501' xai}OAOU Etc; 't&.. EAn(a«o;, tar,; b;' a{,tou ~(l(Jla{)E(O'ac;, l'rov t{tuvovtWV tOgCC"r'j11lXroV xUxAOJv.

'0 L. Wolf eYQu.ljJE l'Qhx UQ{}QU XU''l:UxwQw-8eytO: E.X :n:EgLtQ01tiio; d; 'tac; EqJll!J.E(ltBao; «MaYXEOtQLl1VO~ ()uAU~» (Mancheste1' Guarclian), «E)Eat-no;» (Spec.tatol·), «'Hj.tE{I~OLO; Tll!'EygUqJO~» (DtTily Teleg'l'aph)" znma £8TJ!J.lJol.£UOE tauta dc; qJ-U],Aui5wv, a~'YIVaLO).lEVO'J ).If; U(lXE'ttt (iyOCn;(X £U(PUOAoY~~lata imo, 't'ov crX.OW9tEV'~ tttA.ov: 01'0 Lou8uIxoC; xlv8u1'oc; xal tet avli:n:ugil.tU IIQwt6XOAAU trov ~oqJrov dig ·J:'~roy.!> (The .Jewish .Bo(Jey and the forged Protoco ts of the Learned Elder» of Sion).

• AVEyvwGa hLO't{q_Livw~ 'to qJUAAUOL ov airt;o" ' AQ1.:l-SH !J.E IIQXEta OlJY_KEXU~tEvl1V XQLt~)ff]V t{0V Blixa E:I1i'tll: UQl'lQ(!lV trov flTJl-tomeul'levtWv E~ tOY (('Ew{hvov Ta)l;'JfiQQIlOV» tau Aov. 8lVO\) into t~v E:n:txEqJuALOCl. «Ta a'tna '!fl~ 1'taYi<ooll(01J rnpaxiio;* (The Cause of Wm'lcl Unrest). '0 L. Wolf' :n:~OO.n;uMt va &1t08El~n aUl tEXI-ITJQlWV, Etc; 'ttl u)";oi:a IhQfji:5EL

tGtO{lLxnV &~(av, Ott f) 10u&iLx-n nQo:7l:a'iav8a a€v £r~L Dilts" dvtll u ovaQXL)(~, OiltE av-nXQtO'tUlVLX~ I A~lIx1)QvO'q_n_J~(Ol)S lin ~ c·!ou&1·'xoTTJ<;:O 'lOU MaarovUJIlOii etvru.....xaa-aQ.aJ.n.b VOTJO~ EvW 6- tCi). 1C{lOOQl1t1p 'to" bltlEtJ<lLoiit(l~, 'ju' ~Oy mxalC~vEate.Qov tQo:n:ov, f} ttl~'Lx-n 8LE'al)U(jU; £1' 'tU ,WlO'covlQ!-

Ets tas 1'tatQ~Wl:IX~ bt511AOOO'ELS toii Otm-axtou :~oij «'Ero{hvou TjlX1J8Q6!-,o'U~ avtttaOOEt A'LaV aafJE'rtij lmXElQ-n- , p.ata. Kat' autov 0 Marx Mv elV<lL 8"va:tOv 'Yo- -DfiooQ'I13ii ,ms & &vti~nQ6(H.l)1tOo; 'twv XOLVWVLOAOYLXWV . t8ewv 'tOU '10"aU'LI1!-tOU' at aL5a'oxa;'(aL 'lOU :7I:QoEQxoV<aL futEYa'Yd~Jx, 'trov a1'tLA~\jJEW1' 'tou Begel Kal 'lOU Feuerpach, ~ <!.t'tL~~· -lioav tlE~l1AOt (Gentils) xat dglv €V avn-DsO'EL xQb~ 'tOY_ (JlJ1'liL1<UAlO).lOV xcl tOY I.l1tOAaEtlLXlO'!-'6v.

IUj.t:n:.EQa(VWV MyEL, on £xEivo to onoiov 0 «<Ero-DlYO; -'TU;':l,ElQOI..I.O;» xagaxplQU;n &C;. 4'CPQi.xa~uy· atQE9'Lv:o (Formidable secte) dm:Qyato~T]v tnv x'lyxOat,lLOV xa~ooo~-IlOVWY, &1tO'tEAEi IJ.'H}ov, aXOl(u1]l.la t% qJavtao'Lao; '&VtlOTt.... Ltumi)y xat 'Ayyi..o<p6tl(l)Y rEQj.to,VooV.'

'0 x. L. Wolf E:n:LXELQEi dta v' &nOaEL;U'tO ltros ~-VOlW'TJ i1 alJyY{laqJYI 'trov «IIQco'tox6IJ.cov .. 1«11 n:QUtUL toUro :rtEQLO'tQE<p6!1EYOC; Kat' ~Qxat:; nEQI to, ttl~TJl.la. '" APlEtal J.LB vnulVLYllouc;, ch:pogwvtaS 'ta~ J.I.\Ja'tlx~ UULQElat;; xal t~ anox(J').\J:n:nxac; ~[~J..ouo;, altlVEO; IlV'YI110YEUOvtUL lOt; to' XQOVLxa ~~~IZ' xa\ IH' at-<livoc;, KClto:rnv 1tQocma-{teL y'avamlE-vacro 'ta a'l]1l0mEU{}EYta vno tau reQJ.Lavou Hermann G.redsche iYYQaqXi' Xata to 1868. :l":uYYQa<pEUr; ,0;:; §Vas Ex tOUtrov· efiewgeito 0 "Ayy'Aor; sir John Retcliffe, 13&",.; liLEl'IOUTIlU-: "tEQEl'O Ev autcP :n:egl toov :71:(10 l)EXUet'Lat; 1tOALtLXO'lOl'OQlXroV

I) Livraison du 1 Juillet 1880.

3

84

mJJ1~dvtQ)v. "E'tI!pov, to &n:oiov clvelll1IJ.O(f(£tlO'av at. Y£Qj.La'" VLxat i&viXL(JJLxat ~«imIJ.EQ(llEl; xal' fI yallLx-n E~I{)eWQ1]O'L~, , Le Contemporaim t), Elitlle 'to ,u;(j.LSVOV 6!lt).ta~ 'tflY 6n:0(av' EtXIY bt~V"'I1£L d; toil; ona60u; rou a j.L€yac; PafJ-' ~ivQ; Etc; 'to VElCQo'taq>Eiov ril; nQaya;. 'Ex tou on (, sir lohn Retcliffe 00v ,Um]Q~E notE xat Ex tOU Ott 0 ).Oyo; t'oii Pa~~Lvov qlOLve'tOl j.LU<Jt11QlW8Tj; (&n:6xQtl'q>o;). ,,0 L. Wolf ,<a'taAllY£L Ei.;~n:LxEtQijll(l'Ea 'ta an:oia {)eooQEl &vall<pLO~1]tTj-r;a,

'Ev 'tOUtOV; p Edouard Drummont ah Elloooe O'o~a-' QCtv ltQOOOITI'V Eit; tat; EKllTjl.woEL; llma; ioii YEQ~J.(lVLKOir &v'ti<JfllmLl1~o\i xat oll'CE xliv ExallE MSyo\' El~ ,ta axEtU«~ x~CP(l)'UtU -ril;, France jUi'tJ8.

'AUa & x. Wolf ri'iQeY &vuAoy(a~ 'tlVa; -J{Eta~v tow Wtoxw.Ulpeooy -roii ._Goedsche xul tv910 XOOelOlJ 't(()},_ cnQc.otoxo)J.ooy»d; ,to _o~oJQV ~~l')YEt'taL fI -Un:o 'twv 'IOlJaUlOOV axoAott8OVIJ.Svfl_ m>Al'tlXT! lil~ va 1.ILOlx~O'mO'L til; ~eya'nxci;, "dta;" UltOaX.OIJ,£VOl tTtv XUQacps't1'J!1(V t mv., My XQElatEtat tl ,u..eov lha va ~ai'aYll 'to OUj.LltEQ(lcrj.La, on, &q>oii ta ,lEYOJ1£V(l ,)no tou Goedsche altotEl.oUv l-lu6ov xal. 'ta -6no 'tau Neti.ou AeyOJ.lEVCt ExOllO'L It(l(JlqlaVWe; 'tOY aiitov> XUQaxrijQ(l! '

"Ev aAAo snLxeLQlljJ.Ct 'tou auto{iEt80lJli nClQoumatnal. 'O'Constantin Pdrovich Pobyadonoszeff, CiUOtE EJtLtQo-:.· no.; .aQCr. til <1. Iuvpllf{l tii; Pml1(a;, EL<; 'til<; 5rll.l.o(JlEu{}e(oac; ::taQ'autoii cl:~i$El(; £vo; Qc.Oo(Jou n:ol.mxoii" (Refflexions d'un homme d' Etat russe], ~ltbcQlVI!V auotTjeW; to. lllJJ.loxQanxo. :rcoAl'teUjJ.a1:a xul ~CtQaXt~QLoE tTtv xa-fioALX1JV Wijq>OV &; «'1'7),. "eta.1.~"'tla'l' nAd'l''1'" 'Iii, lnaxf/, "a~ •.

l:VJA.n:EQO(VEL BE Ex tOU-rOtJ iha 1) CluloxQatoQLa n:ClQ£OXEV e~ toil; ~ilOD; t:a<; ':n:AeOV &OIpaAl::~ EyYU1;ael; xo.J.ii; ,aIOLlui,-

, ,

85

O'Eco;~ xal. bttlliJ 1] t~LCl oxbV,l~- aV~Q{(fl(E'tal xulEt.; xeq>d-' AmOV irov cIIQ9)tox6),J,O)v> 0 .duyyQaqm5; rtov X(ltlJyoQEltal

00 AOYOXAOltl~, '

'AocpuAw; fI ii1t68EO'L(" 'tii~ 61tOW; avEAa~E 1:lIV -6n:EQUO:ltLI1LV dYE' b-uax.eQi); ~ltl 'toO'o'iJtov, 6>a--cE n:).T)Q~OUO'lO<; aixT)YOQor; t'~'; 1tEQlm:n:ii; tOU A. B6J'Ifl, tOU Kal olJYYQa(pEmc; 't~e; c'IOVaU'LKii; -urro-8EoEm; Kl..», va'l-I-ii EUQlOXIl ~:n:liE;Q-r1J.1ata. oo!JaQ<I>tEQa 'trov nUQ' autoii ::TgojiaU0I-lEVOJV, ,

IIEQaL'tEQm o.<PTJYEita,L cha, >xata tT!v Ev ral"(q. ltagaJA.ov-r1v tOU, --co 1919, £l.a~E '(VWow'l-lla<; &ltOltElQu<;, -fin.; EYE. VEtO totE lteO; :n:aQE1tl811J.10uO-ay EV n~Qt(JtOL; Lovlla'':xflv an:O<JtOA tiv .:

Ar&ouavo<; Itt; avij-xmv Ele; t'l)V bou13a'ixl}v jJ.UO''tlxi)v aO't'UVO!-L(av 1taQouaLcl.o~TJ E~ ta. ~lE}.Tj tii; ~1UtQ01tiir; xal ).LE'tCc 13l~~E~aLwaELO; UqlO!iL(.oO"EWe; toto; E13ij],maEv, Bn -ntO E~ {teOLv va n:uQEI,llto13(OIl tYJv llTH.tOOlEt'OlV A(a,v E1tLxlv13Mou tlL(:lALOU. to o1[oiov. Mv llgxeto £1'; l\1HJ.OOlO'tT}tll, &a Muva-r;o yet. xa~a(JtgS1Vn 'tOY 01'1(0'" 'laQa,,!. 'E:n:elll~ 1.IE n:doa Ex1.I0uAE1J(JL~ etval &Stu &I!Oll}~~, 0 ~l1jwi'l1t'tT\; Etn'tEL ~lEtQLOCPQ6- vm~ 10,000 l(gu<; O'tEQALva;, Toy ltugExdl.EO(lY va -ult~8EL~ to ltEet o~ 0 hOyae; Bt~l.LOV· irtgoxElto nEQl tWV dIgo)tOK6i..A.wv.. '0 Al{t01!avoc; a.rre1C~Ilq:il'l1 Euyevw; Kat I-.tE1:a 'CLVUe; J.lTiVQ; ~a'l1I-.tOOleUOVtO EL; 'to Aov1.\tvov xal de; to Charlottenburg ~ ltOWlTj &YYAlxll xrd n nQwtT) YEQl-.taVlKl] I-.tu&:QlQQ(Jl<; 'to\i th(:li..(o'U 'to'u 1:EQYLOU NEtlolJ!

'Aocpai..wt; 0 B6i..cp IlEv iiMvu'to VU ql1Mon d<; &'VOlJ'to'EQOV. xa t StASOv ltul13nD L(1lSet; cn_'wItEQal1jJ.a, ME 'to va 1300 O'D 'tl"<; 10.{)()() HQar; ELl; :1tgoaw:cov 'Kuthov ev avtttlJltOV twv «IIgmi'ox.oAi-..(D\'», 11tO 13uvuto\,va 1CUQEIlTtOa(al1 trJV uerd<PQ!l(Jtv xed 8lH.1Oo(ElJOW mJy'yga).l.llatOIi, 'to oltoiov Jteo fO;;'

.38

nO~1l0U X(li 'tTis" Pwo-c:nxij; 'E7t(lvaotchJE(,o~ ELY,€V &"QL8IliJ!1El nEv'tE 1\ ~ ExMaeLt;. )tat 'tou onoio" £V avtL"tU;tOV E'6QlmtEfO :et; .ljv ~~BAI08iJ)(TJv tou Bl'itish Ml~seu;n;

TEAO; '0 dTJQ.E~OUQ'L~ "C~:; 'Ioubu'LxTj; 'Errl tQ05tij; &.yoov(tEtaL 5uz va E!J1tVeUO'TI €I; ~oue; uvclyvWO'td;- rou 'tTJV :1tEno(8l']ol\i on ot 'Iou5ai:ol 'tij; PCoOLac; %ctl tii; 110',oov(,a; .Mv ex,o'IJ,G( j(all~L(O:v O',(,EOW ~LE 'tOY Il1tOhOE~I;uO'!lciv. ot rEgunvol £{}VUCO qJQOV€; :Kat 0 t tactQLO"CU 1 E;{lJtflu Q'rlV to I ct1Jt a; ~1JXOqlal't((l; xn] lha va 5EL~U, an tir: :uiv.a UXOUEl xrrl

·1J{lVfiUVEL' 0 Louli(lLKOC; IJ.aO'ooVLGIlO; 0 Lucie« \Volf, Eil<puo- 10y(ov, IlVtjjl.OVEUa !lEtO: ':1tEQlcPQOViJoEW; rivwvu!!oV Al13EAi.ov j.l~atT)QIW()O\J; EI-l1tVEvCJEooe; «btt"1Coo~f:'Vtrt El; I1(1QLCJlou; to JtaQEA80v EtO; {mo "COlV 'Illaou'Ltoov 't;;; M)oii Garamciere» {,:rto tOY thAov «0 M:rtOA(JEBL)(laI-U);» .).

. '1'0 )'EYOVO; OIlW; roiiro, on IlE tomiv (J0~aQ6t1]ta YLVE"tal A6yo; :'tEgl tu:rtOYQaqlElOU 'lllaO\J'i'tw\', AEt tOllQyoiivto; d; tljy o&Ov Garancie:rll,~aQy.Et '1ft XAOvici't] {(a1 ElqJ.115EvLan OAa 'til £1tLX.ElQ~!1Il't{l -ca cliI:ota :rtaga1H'tH 6 hdal')llo; :rtAl')QE~OUCJLO; bU(T!yogo; -cij; Ev,'A yyA(q. 'IaQ{lTJhtly.;;; 'Em 1'Qo:rtiit;.

'All' t&o{, on 1) II Vieillll France», d; XOA" 11:EQLE(nOV IlEA£1'l')V ihtoYEYQ{lJ.1Il-EVT]V V1tO L. Fm ') 1.GX.1JQll;;EtaL, .on EivUL E1; 8iow Vll a:rto{(u'J...u'i!u -chv auYYQUcpEll ,{WV «IIQootoxoJ.Aoov». 'Ovol-ld1;:etcr:t Asher Gin;;;bcl'g {(al E~Qat~tl 11 chad Haam, ,OJtEQ alllWivEL ~d; EX 'IOU AIlO'U».

rEvvl']8Elt; El.t; 'tilv Skuira (aLOL1(TJaL~ KleBou) ~)1EMt11crE ~O TaAjJ.Ou5 Et; 1'((~ tOU5{llXU;' axoAd;; a! ~E~EUX8TJ -C1)V eyYOV11,V Pa~~ivou 'ti;; Lubow;tz} l;.Lafi'J...-3EY E~ -co Kahal,

I) The Jewish Bogey, (J£}.,i; 4., 2) No 2! du 3I mars 1l)2I.

87

ta~uaEV Ollti,Q\' ~\·EOO'LmvL(J'trov., ·En:El'ta l-l'llO-ClX~V &tUtQELaY' «ot" utoL 'toii MooiiaEwpt (Bne Moshll), 7taQtm:otO E~ 'to atCO~;Lanxov :I'lIviagLOv 'til;' Bale, dVE:rt1"lISev b atitii'> ttl p.a-

'(}IlIlCl'ta .ta &'l'tOfEAOUV'ta t'a EixOcrL dO'CJaQ!l «l1oco1'oxo-Ua,», dlld 8h- 1iBuv~,aT) va OUVEV\'OTI<fiij OUtE Il€ 1'OV MlCto'Qa' Hertzl, O~'tE IJ.£ tOY Max Nordau. otnv€<; 'tov txaQtt)(t~· (HaUV' ro~ ('n:EQa:lhdlla,X'tov £'1 -c4> MvlXlO'J:1q) tou. .

~atvEtaL on " AsheI' Gillzbet'g £VE<paVLO''8ll Ent XE(j)Qi..ij; 'to;:; touba'L~oii 'ttOAltlXoij 'KOIlL't~tOU, "to;:; O'x'l1l1.a1'LO'-Itivtffi; Eti 1'1)v 'Ani.luv X(lta to 1917, xat Ott l4E'tasv 'troY 0110YEvwv 'tou a:rtlli.ave I1EYdAo'll yoiJtQou. '0 l'tOL1]T1); Chayn1-, Bialik tOV x,aQux-CTl(l(~El&~ ¢:rtpo(PlltTJV», rot; ):xtalCtov clat8gft, xal .0'1 o€~Etal &C; «tov lilMoxaAov 0 on:oio~l16- vog; MuviJ811 va 5Et~n de; .a thtva 'tij; e;oQ fa;. rijv· 0~6Y' tooV n:(lo; 'iI y' ,EAw{)Eg(av».'

'Eav 0 Cinibet'g IhEIlEVEV tv Aovll(vcp, ro; VOIl!tEl 6- L. P7'Y1 -Ita 1]tO 0 1J.0 v 0; dQ",,65LO; va ~)(piQn ,YVWlllJV btt 1'OU ·QluUaMo1.' to;:; L. Wolf xilt ,In:l 1'rov cIIo~toK6llmvl' 'tou l:€QYLOU NEL).,OU, &~).,. at laQa'lAi'taL 1)ev EXouv "tiJv auviJ8Elav yO: xatl)1.oiiv 'tou; PEPiJi..OU~ etc; -cae; u:rto-ltEd€lS 1'WV,. E~ ta lJ.'lIa'tlxo(Jv~~oui..lIi ,'tmv,' £1; 'ta; 1)laQloQou; dn:61PEl-;" tmv: ., A:rta; EtLavtLAulJ.PdvEtut nt,; 'toutO xw..ro;, alJ.(l rog aXE<p8ii lin U7tO 't1j; E1toxii; rile; 8lJ).roaE6Jg "Mn:di..q>01JQ xal tfj; 8LOrnavwaEoo; "tir; ~EavlKi1; <E(J,{La;» rii~ l1a).auttLVT1;. XaVE!; 'Iou5uioc; ili;v 'Co).IJ.Qva Xl1Q\lX-6ij ex.-ItQo;' n:QO;'(Pv :IUJ)VL(JIJ.OV, ~<o 7tQollyouj.dvm; 01 ",,1) O'lCOVLatal .qaov oim .O).(YOL. '

.... *

,Elval, ~E~aLo'tU't(l, l'toAV" ev1)l!l~QOV va ,E1;WQcop.EY n:oi'1t; dvaL 15 auYYQacpEUt; fl ot auyyoaQl£ic; '(roy '"cIIQm'(~

38

,,6).).00\'», dUa to ~tlnrJ,la tOU'tO ElVat oUX, flHOY Ihl'rl:QllVOv- 0'", """"''''' MvaJ,laL va ElJtUl !l«AIGta, ()n n aWEYnxo'CTJ~

"CWv «:OQrotox6U(Ov~ SEY €IEL dflTJ axec",..) ... dEla1l. '

• Avai.uwy· tl; tauta, I{J)QIo; va AU~n lJJt' OWLY ta Ol.OAtCl 'troy Ex80twY troy xal olw\' tillv :tohE!llitWV tWV 1t(loxl.T]-

.. i.... - , , ,,~,. .' ~ "

i}ElGWV tilt t11t; ST)1l00"lEUGEW; rmv, IhaxQLYH tllla o'U(JL()')ull

(JTII-lEla GUXVclXlo;, 1tEQLxAEXOJ,lEva'

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) ~·O Sainte Beuue J.1~AEtooV ~o EQYOV to;; Joseph de Jlaistl'e d; tat; .devdQClI:; 'l'Otl, elxEV ExCpQaoEL "tf)v a;ii; "YvWIl1}V :n:EQl nov Lee Considlrations sur la France: c'B lvtU:rtWO"L;. n)v 01tOlaV :Jt(lOE.xaAECf£ to .~LaAtOY 'toii'to, ibs:o'U EX'l.l?u"O«P6'QTJoev, MflQ~ ~(J)llgot'(iill, dUO. -ij IlEyaATJ rou EXQTJ;U; SEv EAU~E xc6Q(lv 1taQO: E'CXO'tTLV 8111 ~QaSvtEQOV, OtE 1:& mJ!.I.~E~itcha E1tE~E~atroGav "tel J.1iiiJ.ov a;LOllvllJ.10VEUtct -01}J,lELa afltoii".

Ta «IIQrot6xoi.i.a~ Ex,Ol]O'LV tv KotVOV O'TJ!.I.ELOV J.1E ta; Lee Considerations sur la France, '(ov- 1tQocpt}tLx6v, ~fJ).OVOtL, xaQ(I'XtijQa "to)V. "IO"ro; SUVTJ-3ooliE'V ~gaaUtEQlJv') va SLClttJ1t,wGWIlEY 1tEQt l1iltrov . xQ(mv o.lAota\> JtQo; tY!v tOU Sainte Beuue ..

ROGER LAMBELIN

1) 1:. E. '0 K. Roger Lambelin ElXSY {m' OVEI tOU Tijy bti. -.:ij flcoS! IMloll8VO)V aK1ovTp;O)v altoKdJ .. u",n.y OMoY lmv oxod~Y "Xs: ~HO)v 1:oii 1:\O)Ylop.oii. To )taw. -cO ·1924 81'J!l00'1.EU1}~, ,",QQ. ~~~ou 1tt:OIOltOU!iUO'tOV xo~ UltOxnAU:lttLx4to1:0v ~L~).'OY "'L Impenabsme d'lsrael,. (ounv~ EX-oI'SV t11l' ii8EIClY ~ £Y I'SlnCPQ:ios, dl'~8~p.o(Jr.£Uas{[)~) IUYS' .",).ijQ1l; cpGi .. "hd "ciiy ltOOftio6(dV 1:OU-':(I1' tO\l IouallLojLoii !lE emXELQlJILOl;o. aXlltuJW.Xll1:U xut uX).OVl}1:ouG btUJll!lOUI; dl't.Q88£!;6~.

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Maa;u 'tOO-v roiou~aLOl"EQo)-V1"Ol.omtov elvaL xal 1"«1 3Qyava et; 1"a &loLa lXet. dva"Ce6ij it 8w-nlQ110\; xat ,tbtOxatam-aou; Tij~ 'ta~eoo~. E~ ",aina {)it ~aQEx~fl8'Y t1JV 8UVQT6l"fJ'tQ v· -tiVa.1rt'UOGmOL Xa~ v· d1to5e~l 'r:~ xax~~u; xal t3I.O'tQ03t~ "CCOV Xlii va xm;aXQiilvtaL btl iSAOV; rlj; 5uvllJlsOO; toov.

KEIPAAAION IB', .

DEPIAIlYllO: IIhea-6d+al.aia,..'E:nd'end1(,

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~L~ ot ~iatOL TroV' OVYOJlm'[~ EwQYOUULV ~'f(Ko'[~ 1CQ<x; -ro' ~j'j'f1j1a xat Titv <pAUaQLav, 8Ev 6d &ut'tCXQclOOCOf1EV crlrtoU~ ':tQtv 8QtiOCOOL mao otov~ 'tQ6:tov if dQx.eoiMlJ1EV va etaayayCDf1£V €v~ , 'foij ,~ 1:0)\' oQYava S:t,t'r)~~ .... !JJN

J88

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167

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KCl1;(~ 'tu auo'tTlQwe; t11QOUllsva ~Qaox(jj.La.ta, 0 K'U~sQvfI'tT)s .~~ ~Bv 1M_XQllOtjJ.Q1COlTI -ri]v. E~ouoCa:v "t011 :rtaQu 8lo. TO xr:iJJJV 'tOU Aaou xal O'6~a.!:l&e; () La tit ;n;QOGOO:ltLXo. ~ 8UVaG'tLXa tau O:)(:PEA~,f.ui"t:a. 'I~ou ()UX'tL 15tU 'tiis 'tT)Q1jaSoot;; 'tou Bw.xoo(lou '-;OU1:01J ~ 8~OU.-(JLa rou fio. f'X'tLILU'taL xal. {tel 3tsQLowl;'Y)1:11t IDt:O "taUt;; {Moue; umpt6out;; to'll, eo. rov l"a-CQE:uooO.LV imb,'J tMq. O'tL ~ elJTH.lEQ La EX6.0-COu JtoAhou itel ~aQt~'taL ~~ a.u--tOv, 8u5'tL s; autou {Tel ~aQLaLaL'~ 'ta;L!b rilt;; XOlVrovtxiie; o ixovo !J.Lat;;.

'E J1 qJ a v ij <; <P Q au Q T] 0" Le; 't 0 vB a 0 -L A e 0) <; i (J 0. 15 u v a !l E t !l E d v a y v W Q l 0' 1 V 't it e; d B uv c !l. La t;; 't Tj e; X 1J ~ E Q v T) l' L x..Tj e; (, Q y, a v, w (J S 0) t;;-

'0 ~lOLAeUe; J.1at;;, ihav {Tel eUQtaxetul. !lELa~-u 'toli MOU, lJa JtsQw'tOLxi1:rrrClL :rt6.VtOt8 uno ~'U aQLfr-, ",o.U dv8Q&v x.at yuv();txffi-v, OhtV8t;; 1M. ~!-L~6.vrov't-al. rot;; JtCQ£SQ)'Ob x.al {tel x.a'[(lAa~~avo:un· "C'Uxalro~ . ()Tj6t:v 'telt;; JtQffita~ t1BlQa-<; JtE.Ql~ au'tou; 3n auYXQCl"C&Ot Be xed. 'ta; OElQUe; -roov aA/..rov, ~'L(~. va BtC1t11- -Q&m taXa 't~y 'ta~lv. Toilto {Ta eL<VaL :rroeu8eLYfLa zyuyxQatf)osooc:; rile; 'tU;3ooe;. ·Eav. EUQs%: 'tLb. EX 'tau Anou 8xAmaQOrv xal :n:Qo.(J1Caitrov va. Jt<l@oum.aau _<iva<poQav rwo, 15Ul'yo'iyrov MoBov ella jJ.80QlJ. 'tooV YQaj;!tJ.oov, at 1tQOOl:CLI. OStQut o cpsOl.o'UOL va ()s1..&ibm, -rljv -d.va<poQav 'tau"t'l'jv xat v;n;o 'til Of.ljJ.Cl't& rou va :n:ctQa.()WOooOLV aurljv etc; tOV BaoLAEa, tva uyt"t'Ml11136.vO)v-

188

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"taL ncivts; O'tt, .1telV O,t'L ,1taQO'UO"lU~EL 't1.C; qJfhiVEL E~ "tOv 3tQooQwp.6v 'tOO, xal. on unaQXE:L E3tOJ1Ev~ MeYXOC; xat atl'toii TOU Of Aln:.OYtoc;. OR atyA.T) ~~ E~ouaL~ dmU'tEL va. 5{rv(l'taL (, ].aoc; va MY'[): ({ "Ea.v {, BaOluU<; ,;:0 6yvroQL~E» ~ «{, Baa J.e;u~ frO. "to p.a1tn ~.

, i\ul ~t; O'UyxQoniCJt;~ enlmlp.o'U qJQouQel~ E~(l-

_ <p~vtte'tat. 'to p.'Uo'taxOV y61}'tQOY' tii~ ~oucrUxc;. ITel;' OO"Ttc; eLvaL ro3tA.L(JJ1£VO~f.lE dQXB'tOV DaQQoc; -tteroQsi "tOY smrrov 'tou xVQtOV Tij~ E~oua(ac;. '0 't{lQaxo3to~ yvOOQ~6L rl]v lhivaJ-lCv roo xal .EVE5QBU6L rl]v eUxaLQLav va :tQol3n. Ei.;' d:toJ"tEl,QaV xu"ttl 'rii~ ~oucrlac; 'tav'tTI, e • [\waOXOJ1Ev diJ..a £1; 'toUc; XQtanavoVc;. ~A.btOJ1ev -Of.l~ 3tOV ex,ouv 3reQuxyaYEL a""toU~ 'tel qJ(lVEQtl f.l&tQ«

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KE()AAAION 19'.

nEPIAHlf"IJ;: To ou~qiCo)tl0 i'1l:06ol.i\C;:c\'Ya- 90e"'Y ItO~ 'YOllodX~ijiCo)". To '2I:oJ...nKo fTItl.n~a~o oilto~~tat"a i~o "Q",' oll::od'l:nel6J". 'II , ... +itlluh~ £li; "it '2I:ol.1n"t:.Q fTKl.nyo" ....

'Etlv Sev. 3tUQoosxooJ.lefia 01t~ 6 xa&lc; o.axoAi]"tUL c.Uc' rlrI}eCac; JlS rlJv 1tO).L't'IXllV.{lci 1lQOxaAoUf.lEV Of.lOO~ "'eloav dvaqJOQtlv xal atlT)ow, (ll'lic; {}a EXaMi:'tO fJ X\I~BQVJ}<Jtc; va jieA't..rocrn ~v xcrdorcow 'tou laO;;. Tomo {to. ~ &11UQEttn va o.Vtt.AaJ1~uvroIAE{}U 'ttl EMxT-

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'tc'oJ.lal'U T) 't~ <pavtacrwr; 1'{J)'V tlIDlXOIDV lAac;, E~ OUt;

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At O't'aosu; Bi>v dVUL- SUVatO" va xaQaxt1]Q~ (JLVd~ 3OOl<; ~ roc; vMxmt X'U'V(lQLO'U evaVt'Lov E').iq>avtoc;. Aw 'XaA.ro£ 5tO>QyavcOJ.lMtv _KU~EQvrrOLV, aUxL dOO d.x6..pero<; o.OTUVo!llXft~ oQyavooO'soos, o.U: WtO XOLVCOVLXf)c; 'tOUXUlTjs, () !llYoiQOt; xvoov <pOOVCUJ'XEL f:'Ia:v~(ov 't'ou EU<paVtO~ auht o.1'vOSL rl}v t~(av rou {}iOLY

-xed a;tav. 'AgXEL va <hc0()EL;11 1:~ ()l,' EvOr; a;Lou 3tUea8eCYl1a'tOt; TIjv aSLav 1:~<; I1tUC; f} TfJr; ciU1]t; B to. va nuvawm to. x·uvUgta va 1JA<lXt&at xal va O"UVEdHawm. va Xtvooot tl]V ovguv 1:WV ulla Tfl &l1qJavLOf;t l"OU EMqJav-coc;.

8ta v' aqJaLQEoooJlEV 1:0 y6rrC"Qov rijc; dvBQs(~ MO 1:0 3tOAmXOv EyxArHux, {Ta xafHtw~lSV a:lrtOilc; bil rof E()WJ,LOU 't&v xU1;rlyoQou~LEvrov naQ<l3tAEvQWC; 116 "toils; XAErt1:nr;, 'tOilt; 8oA.o<p6vout; %o.t wilt; na'VwEt()&C; ~VtEAstr; xai XUJlSg3tELt; EYXAl]-,.U:l1;(uC;. To't£ ~ ()1]1100LU YVOOfll] ita G1JYXVotI, Ev tU aXE1VEL 1:1]t;, TItV xa~yoQ(uv "tuv1:l]V 'toov £yxA l] l1a'tt&V .'~: 1i~V %O.tatcrXoUVljV 1:&'\1 ./lXJ,.rov "Kat ito. 3tEQL~UAn 'touwuc; IlE riIv U3£qv JtSQl<PQoVllOW. Etl1situ 8lU1:Ef}ElIlEVOt ("Kat. zlui:£tw 01:~ E;{OJlEV %(.('[oQ&cOos~ 1:0\;';0) 'Va Ef13t0B(OWIlEV -coilt; XQL(ft'LaVOUC; va XU'tU3tOAEI1~OOJOL "tat; OlinOaLe; xcr' autov

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"to'\' 'tQ03tOV.

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'0 uQXoov autos aa Aa~n t1]v 6iOLV twv ~flE{lov U<plCiWI1SvCOV x'U~eQv~a€rov, altWEr;; augouOL 'tl]'V iJ.1taQ~(V reov f:v tep Ileoc:? trov WtOaugQ1.rvfi-eLO&V :;tag' ~1!91V XOlVOOVlro'\" CLL'ttvec; d.mJQv~~oav dx6J111 xcl aUrl}v 't~v MVllfllV 'tou 8EOii XIII d; toite; x6Mour;; trov OJtOLOOV {njJoutm 1CUV'taX6-&8v 'to 1CUg 'tile; o.vugXCae;,Evcp O-(jLO~ OC:PElAEL ~Qo .1taVto~ 5X}..o'U va xa'ta.:" (J~eun rllv d31jcpayov -rCLUtllV <pA6ya.. AUTIt dvaL iJ ah(u Bt~ 11Y ita U1[OxgEOJ&n 'Va xa'ta.1imacrn E~ itavnrov L'C«; L'Otuu-rac; 'KOLV OlVLa.c;, ux61lT) xal Ctv oCpECAU

197

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