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— Upazila —
Jatiyo Smriti Soudho in Savar, Bangladesh
Location in Bangladesh
Country Bangladesh Division Dhaka Division District Dhaka District Area - Total 280.13 km2 (108.2 sq mi) Population (1991) - Total 378,034 - Density 1,349/km2 (3,493.9/sq mi) Time zone BST (UTC+6) Website Official Map of Savar Savar (Bengali: সাভার) is an Upazila of Dhaka District in the Division of Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is located at a distance of about 24 km to the northwest of Dhaka city. Savar is mostly famous for Jatiyo Smriti Soudho, the National Monument for the Martyrs of the Liberation War of Bangladesh.
male 53. cattle breeding.67% of the population.8% and female is 29. Male literacy is 44.93%.2667 .96% and others 11. Mirpur. Christian 0. Hindu 10.2667°E23. It has 66956 units of household and a total area of 280. Males constitute are 54.13 km².• • • • • • • • • 1 Geography 2 Demographics 3 Administrative 4 Economy 5 Politics 6 History 7 Important Institutions 8 See also 9 References  Geography Savar is located at 23. and females 45. The area of the town is 24. agricultural labourer 12. Garo. Savar has a population of 378034. female 46. Savar has an average literacy rate of 37. The total cultivable land measures 16745. The land of the upazila is composed of alluvium soil of the Pleistocene period. Buddhist 0.44%. Turag.68%.59%. transport 3. It is bounded by Kaliakair and Gazipur Sadar upazilas on the north. Main rivers are Bangshi.35%.41%. 350 Mauzas/Mahallas. Savar thana was established in 1912 and was turned into an upazila in 1983.46%. It has a population of 124885. 90. .  Administrative Savar has 13 Unions/Wards. and the national average of 32. service 20. The height of the land gradually increases from the east to the west.33%.03%.66%.97%.8583.37%. The municipal area (Savar Town) consists of 9 wards and 55 mahallas. industry 1.84%. This Upazila's eighteen up population is 207401. Pallabi and Uttara thanas of Dhaka City on the east. forestry and fishing 1.4% literate.71 hectares. population density per km² of 5182. The religious break down is Muslim 88.8% (7+ years).90%.04% and ethnic nationals number 319 including Buno. Buriganga and Karnatali. Mohammadpur.1 km².03% and others 0. Keraniganj upazila on the south.and Dhamrai and Singair upazilas on the west. and 321 villages. The main occupations are Agriculture 24.8583°N 90.34%. The southern part of the upazila is composed of the alluvium soil of the Bangshi and Dhalashwari rivers. Sangma and Barman.18 hectares  Demographics As of the 1991 Bangladesh census. construction 1. in addition to fallow land of 10551. commerce 17. wage labourer 4.1%.
etc. brick field. The Cottage industry includes 8 Weaving. From the 1990s to mid-2000s. printing and dying factory. shoe. plant nursery. Prominent fairs include Darogali Bayati Mela (Nayarhat). papaya. jute mills. papaya. including a dairy farm and a University in the area. Asha Kumari paddy. guava. In 1975. Concurrently. sesame. Nabinagar. Transports used here include the traditional (and extinct or nearly extinct) Palanquin. However. textile mills. bullock cart and horse carriage as well as modern day vehicles. kaun and mas kalai. 5 hatcheries. welding. chilli and other vegetables. cold storage. dairies and poultries Dairy. mango. as the cantonment armory here was the closest one outside the capital. Savar came to the spotlight when the Maoist leader Shiraj Shikdar was secretly tortured and executed at Savar cantonment. The main fruits cultivated here are Jackfruit. The extinct or nearly extinct crops in the region are Aus paddy. kali mator. Sadullapur. pharmaceutical industry. the Bangladesh Nationalist Party candidate has been routinely elected to parliament from this constituency. Shimulia. dye. and Vhakurar Hat. mitha saj. linseed. automobile industry. Amin Bazar. The main crops grown here are Paddy. 100 goldsmith and 29 others workshops. ready made garments. kamranga. Economy Agriculture and manufacturing are the two major economic sectors in Savar. electronics and electric goods. The main exports are Jackfruit. Kathgara. Ghora Pirer Mela (Nalam). and 1319 fisheries. Jahangirnagar University and a few colleges . garments industry. brick. Bahattar Prahar mela (Savar). Muharram Mela (Katlapur) and Pawsh Mela (Dhamsona). when the Awami League won the 1970 election in this constituency. After partition of India in 1947. peanut. soap factory. There are 181 combined fisheries.  Politics Several Hindu families played a critical role in the development of the township during the British Raj in the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The 1960s saw the establishment of some important institutions. 56 km of semi pucca. transformer industry. sweetmeat etc. Jute. Balibhadra and Bagbari Bazar. Noted bazars are Savar. However. Nayar hat (with adjoined bazar). There are 14 regular Hats and bazars here. and 50 km of highway. foot ware. garlic. Bangladesh Export Processing Zone is located in this upazila. Savar was politically important to the military dictators of the mid1970s and '80s. fabrics. Awami League and other parties (including several Islamist ones) continue to have a strong grassroots presence. this was replaced with Bengali nationalist zeal. onion. beverage industry. dairy products. meat. sapling. press and publication. Manufacturing facilities include Ceramic industry. Noted hats include Ashulia. medicine. flower. 562 km of mud road. communist politics was on the rise in the area. randhuni saj. Savar. biscuit and bread factory. berry and banana. There are 62 km of pucca. the Hindu influence in the area waned following the departure of many prominent Hindu families. The general election at the end of 2008 saw an Awami League candidate elected to parliament from this constituency. 209 poultries. olive. transformer.
Buddhist monastic remains have been found at least in three places. It may also be pointed out that 6 post-Gupta gold coins have been reported from Savar. The distance between one site to another site is not more than two kilometres. iron spear-heads and a dao (iron-knife). Kalma. It was the capital of the Sanbagh Kingdom then. Foreign dignitaries customarily visit Savar as a part of their trip to Bangladesh to pay respect to the martyrs of 1971 at the Jatiyo Smriti Soudho. It is not unlikely that Savar was the seat of a political power as early as the Gupta period. one on a burnt brick fragment contains only the name of a king called Harish Chandra Pal. one of which is locally known as Harish Chandra Rajar Badi in Majidpur village to the east of the Savar Market bus-stop. Archaeological . religious and pottery or residential sites. Fulbadi. The Banglapedia entry for Savar states "Two inscriptions have been reported from this place. Rajasan. Ranadhirasena's son Harish Chandra was a saint king and his son Mahendra dedicated a math in the year 791 shakabda (equivalent to 869 AD). brick stupas and monasteries. These are Raja Harish Chandrer Badi. A few potsherds have also been found decorated with mat and cord impressions. All the sites are found in and around Savar and on the eastern side of the Bangshi. Dagar Mura. gold and silver coins. two of these bear the legend Shri-Krama while a third bear the legend Sudhanya. a devotee of Buddha and son of King Bhimasena. records his genealogy. Kotbadi. A total of 13 ancient archaeological sites have been discovered at Savar. boishe raja Harish Chandra jini shurpuri' (Bengali: বংশাবতীর পূবরতীের সেবরশর নগরী. the other. dabbers. terracotta plaques. The major sign of ancient occupation on the riverbank at Savar is the still surviving Kotbadi mound.  History The origin of the name Savar is thought to be an evolved version of the ancient 7th-8th century township of Sharbeshvar or Shombhar situated on the banks of the river known today as the Bangshee. invaded and conquered the powerful Kiratas of Bhabalina (the land between the Brahmaputra and the Bangshi). balls and decorated bricks. The text of the shlokas in that inscription states that Raja Dhimantasena. Local legends claim that a king by the name of Harish Chandra ruled over Sharbeshvar. weights. Mathbadi. a fairly large rectangular area surrounded by a mud wall. Karnapada.in the area serve as a hotbed of active student politics and strife. apparently issued by a king called Mahendra. There is an old shloka that goes "Bangshabatir purboteere sharbeshvar nagari. Mathbadi. His son Ranadhirasena extended the kingdom up to the Himalayas and fixed his residence in the city of Sambhara (Savar). stone querns and mullers. Madanpur. is another ancient occupational area. Konda and Pathalia (Jahangirnagar University Campus). King Harish Chandra lives there conquering Heaven). The common shapes are bowl dishes and small to medium sized pots and jars. The ceramics are both plain and painted. Gandaria. located close to the modern channel. black and grey wares. bronze images. These fall into three categories ie administrative. Sulia. Literal translation: Sharbeshvar city by the East banks of the Bangshabati. The cultural remains discovered from these sites are pottery. ৈবেশ রাজা হিরশচন িজিন সূরপুরী. The pottery is decorated with black slips on red wares and painted horizontal bands and geometric designs on the body and neck. The potteries of these sites represent red. although it has been largely eroded now.
Andar pukur. Further to its east is Rajasan. Most of these ponds have now silted up by natural processes or have been brought under human habitation. a second Kodaldhoya pukur. Excavations in the Rajbadi mound in 1989-90 revealed a square-shaped stupa enclosed by a wide wall. Raj Dighi. a gold coin and a number of Buddhist bronze figures have been unearthed here. Budir Bagh pukur. These are Sagar Dighi (near Raja Harish Chandrer Badi). Buddha images. and an inscribed Visnu image were found. Sukh Sagar. Dakaitmara pond. Kumaria pond.  Important Institutions Savar is the home of Jahangirnagar University. Pitkila pukur. another area containing Buddhist remains. a Public University of Bangladesh and only University for full student residence facilities which is famous for its scenic beauty and as a prime destination for the Siberian migratory birds during winter. conducted here in 1925-26. [MM Hoque]" It is supposed from the pottery inscriptions from the sixth century that many foreign traders used to come here for business. Amis pukur. Choti Mara pukur. Khataishya pukur (near Kalma). A silver Harikela coin. Giyas pukur.excavations at Savar have been conducted recently at this site. Bara Khuda. The 9th Division Army Cantonment is located here. The evidence as a whole pointed to 7th-8th century AD. Local legends suggest that King Harish Chandra excavated a total of 50 ponds in a single night. Niramis pukur. Marks of the War of Liberation Jatiya Smriti Shaudha (National Memorial Monument). Kodaldhoya pukur. Satini pukur. The compatriots buried him near the main gate of the Savar Dairy Farm. There is a Military Firm and Govt Dairy Firm Beside Jahangirnagar . Lal pukur. Doyatdhoya pukur. Chhaiyal pukur. Jor pukur. In excavations. Raj Guru's pond. Savar was the last obstacle before the freedom fighters (led by Kader Siddiqui and others) entered the capital and the Pakistan army conceded defeat. Days before the end of the war. martyr memorial (for Golam Dastagirr Titu) at the gate of the Savar Dairy Farm. Satpukuri pukur. mass grave in front of the National Memorial. A date around 7th-8th century AD has been suggested for the remains. Ban pukur. Jaleshvari pukur. traces of four structures along with some lintels of terracotta. There are many other important institutions in Savar. teenager Golam Dastagirr Titu was killed in a direct encounter between the Pakistani army and the freedom fighters. Jalori pukur. Bangladesh Army constructed a memorial monument in honour of him. Savar Cantonment and then newly founded Jahangirnagar University were some of the first targets of military swoop outside the capital following Operation Searchlight of 25 March. Chhota Khuda. During the Bangladesh War of Liberation in 1971. Besides these sites a number of ancient ponds can also be found in this area. There are also legends of the famous Bengali Buddhist monk Atish Dipankar having stayed at the Buddhist monastery at Rajashan for some time. Yogir pukur (at Jahangirnagar University Campus) and Moor pukur. Of these the names of 30 ponds are known from different literatures. In December of that year. "Sangsaptak" and Amar Ekushey Sculpture (in Jahangirnagar University Campus). Chhobangara pukur.
1 chapter of Bangladesh Mohila Parishad. Jahangirnagar University (along with its School and College). Dhaka Export processing Zone. DEPZ is also situated in this upazila.Mother Vision Society of Bangladesh (AID FOR EYE DISABLE) etc. Saf Katha. Radio Bangladesh (Bangladesh Betar) employers Residence and The Transmission Zone with huge Transmission Setup. 5 theatre groups. a combined military hospital (Savar Cantonment). 3 music centre. 1 theatre stage. Bangladesh Public Administration Training Centre. proshika. The operationally important NGOs are brac. 3 women's club. Swanirvor Bangladesh. brac Training Centre. Bangladesh Krira Shiksha Pratisthan. 3 film societies. the Korea Bangladesh Friendship Hospital. 1 children's organisation. Ganasastha Kendra. and 21 private clinics. 2 entertainment parks. 3 junior high schools. The health centres in Savar include 1 Upazila health complex. 5 cinema halls. Savar Baptist Church. National Institute of Biotechnology. 2 Amnesty organisations. the only training centre for the public service commissioned officers in Bangladesh. (HPT-1. There are numerous other unofficial organizations as well. 13 non-government primary schools. 12 community schools. asa. Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute. 5 school and colleges. the only national sports institute of Bangladesh is also situated in Jirani Bazar. Savar. World Vision. is situated in Savar. Savar Youth Training Centre. The officially registered cultural and social organisations here include 81 Co-operative societies. 5 orphanages. 38 high schools. 8 churches and 68 other religious institutions. Gana Bishwabiddalay. Adesh. Two Largest entertainment theme parks of Bangladesh namely "Fantasy Kingdom" and "Nondon Park" are also located here. HPT-2 etc). grameen bank.  See also • • Jatiyo Smriti Soudho Jahangirnagar University . Palli Mangal Karmasuchi. 7 family planning centres. and 1 sports institution. The locally published newspapers and periodicals are Jagrata Kantha. 1 golf club. Satellite Ground Receiving Station (Talibabad). Savar Barta. Atomic Energy Research Establishment.University. high power transmission. There are 2 universities. The are 318 Mosques. 16 madrasas. most noted of which are Jahangirnagar University and Savar Dairy Farm Mosques. 8 satellite schools. 88 government primary schools. Savar Kantha and Ganabhasa. BKSP. Bangladesh Krira Shikha Institution. 5 colleges. CDD. Some of the noteworthy institutions are Adhar Chandra High School (established in 1913). VERC. 2 satellite clinics. Savar Daskinpara Harir Akhra Temple and Panchabati Ashram Temple. 1 opera party (an indigenous travelling theater troup).Fantasy Kingdom is situated in Jamgora Bazar and Nondon Park is situated in Jirani. BPATC training center (Public Administration Training Centre).
Turag. The height of the land gradually increases from the east to the west. Savar (Town) consists of 9 wards and 55 mahallas. population density per sq 5182. DHAMRAI and SINGAIR upazilas on the west. It has a population of 124885. KERANIGANJ upazila on the south. female 46. is bounded by KALIAKAIR and GAZIPUR SADAR upazilas on the north. Buriganga and Karnatali.97%. MOHAMMADPUR.• • • Upazilas of Bangladesh Districts of Bangladesh Divisions of Bangladesh Savar Upazila (DHAKA district) with an area of 280.13 sq km.03%. The area of the town is 24. MIRPUR. . The southern part of the upazila is composed of the alluvium soil of the Bangshi and Dhalashwari rivers. Main rivers are Bangshi.1 sq km. The land of the upazila is composed of alluvium soil of the Pleistocene period. male 53. PALLABI and UTTARA thanas of Dhaka City Corporation on the east.
BRAC Training Centre. film society 3. college 5. Raja Harish Chandra was the king of this kingdom.41%. children organisation 1. women's club 3. Amnesty organisation 2. church 8 and other religious institutions 68. Jahangirnagar University. National Institute of Biotechnology. It is supposed from the inscriptions of the sixth century that many foreign traders used to come here for business. female 45. Savar Daskinpara Harir Akhra Mandir and Panchabati Ashram Mandir. Saf Katha. Savar Kantha and Ganabhasa. Garo. Educational institutions: university 2. theatre stage 1.8% and female 29. During the War of Liberation in 1971 Golam Dastagirr Titu was killed in a direct encounter between the Pak army and the freedom fighters. Bangladesh Mohila Parishad 1. male 54. Hindu 10. Satellite Ground Receiving Station (Talibabad). martyr memorial at the gate of the Savar Dairy Farm. ethnic nationals: 319 (Buno. Bangladesh Public Administration Training Centre. Locally published newspapers and periodicals Jagrata Kantha.03% and others 0. "Sangsaptak" and Amar Ekushey Sculpture (Jahangirnagar University Campus). music centre 3.8%.Administration Savar thana was established in 1912 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute. Marks of the War of Liberation Jatiya Smriti Shaudha (National Memorial Monument). entertainment park 2 (Fantasy Kingdom. Sangma and Barman). Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 37. Noted institutions: Adhar Chandra High School (1913). high school 38.67%. Nandan Park). 11 union parishads.59%. male 44. most noted of which are Jahangirnagar University and Savar Dairy Farm Mosques. Cultural organisations Co-operative society 81. opera party 1. community school 12. government primary school 88. Historical events Savar was the capital of the Sanbagh Kingdom during seventh and eighth century. Savar Baptist Church.04%. Archaeological heritage and relics Homestead of Raja Harish Chandra (8th century AD). mass grave in front of the National Memorial. The upazila consists of one municipality. Savar Barta. sports institution 1. golf club 1. Atomic Energy Research Establishment.93%. Religious institutions Mosque 318. school and college 5. Bangladesh Krira Shikha Institution. Gana Bishwabiddalay. Savar Youth Training Centre. madrasa 16. 321 villages. Christian 0. The compatriots buried him near the main gate of the Savar Dairy Farm.1%. theatre group 5. junior high school 3.33%. Population 378034. satellite school 8. Buddhist 0. Bangladesh Army constructed a memorial monument in honour of him. orphanage 5. non-government primary school 13. . cinema hall 5. 175 mouzas. 9 wards. Muslim 88.
bullock cart and horse carriage. foot ware. agricultural labourer 12. industry 1. onion. Communication facilities Roads: pucca 62 km. dairies and poultries Dairy 181.35%.37%. guava. pharmaceutical industry. Palli Mangal Karmasuchi. semi pucca 56 km and mud road 562 km. randhuni saj. Traditional transport Palanquin.46%. GRAMEEN BANK. VERC. World Vision. transformer industry. Amin Bazar. PROSHIKA. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct. Cottage industries Weaving 8.Main occupations Agriculture 24. goldsmith 100 and others 29. meat. Land use Total cultivable land 16745. brick field. Balibhadra and Bagbari Bazar. brick. service 20. printing and dying factory. Main fruits Jackfruit. hatchery 5. transport 3. Hats. sweetmeat etc. noted hats: Ashulia.66%. Ghora Pirer Mela (Nalam). jute mills. dairy products. construction 1. mango. fabrics. fairs 6. soap factory. linseed. kali mator. noted bazars are Savar. kaun and mas kalai. chilli and other vegetables. welding. Ganasastha Kendra. Muharram Mela (Katlapur) and Pawsh Mela (Dhamsona). press and publication. fallow land 10551. Sadullapur and Vhakurar Hat. fishery 1319.44%. wage labourer 4. bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 14. beverage industry.34%. transformer. Adesh. papaya. ASA. garlic. Bahattar Prahar mela (Savar). textile mills.84%. Main crops Paddy. electronics and electric goods. highway 50 km. kamranga. biscuit and bread factory. mitha saj. CDD. automobile industry. etc. Nabinagar. olive. . flower. NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are BRAC. Savar.96% and others 11. ready made garments. commerce 17. Swanirvor Bangladesh. Main exports Jackfruit. Asha Kumari paddy. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aus paddy. Manufactories Ceramic industry. sesame. Jute. peanut. Fisheries. Shimulia. berry and banana. medicine. plant nursery.71 hectares.90%. Bangladesh Export Processing Zone is located in this upazila. poultry 209.01 hectare. sapling. dye. Kathgara. shoe.68%. cold storage. papaya. forestry and fishing 1. cattle breeding. Darogali Bayati Mela (Nayarhat). garments industry.18 hectares Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.
combined military hospital 1 (Savar Cantonment). [Amal Saha] . satellite clinic 2.Health centres Upazila health complex 1. Korea Bangladesh Friendship Hospital 1. family planning centre 7. private clinic 21.
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