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Course Name: Introduction to Business Course no- BAN 171
Department of Business Administration Shahjalal University of Science and Technology,
ASSIGNMENT ON INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS
(i) Survey on a small business. (ii) A report on local small business administration office.
Survey Topic :
Department of Business Administration Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet.
Dr. Md. Nazrul Islam Associate Professor, Head, Dept. of Business Administration SUST, Sylhet.
1. Afsar Ahmed 2. Nur-E-Jannath 3. Mohammad Ahsan 5. Farhat Mehjabeen 2005731051 2005731052 2005731053 2005731054 2005731055
4. Sajib Kumar Talukder -
1st year 1st semester
Date of submission: 22 March, 2007
Department of Business Administration Shahjalal University of Science and Technology,
We are given an assignment about selecting a small business that looks attractive as a career possibility and collect information from some people who manage such business. We have selected "Mushroom Shilpo" as a small business for our assignment. We take this opportunity to express our gratitude to all those people who have been instrumental in making our project. We want to convey a special gratitude to Md. Nazrul Islam, Head of the Department of Business Administration, SUST, Sylhet for giving us the assignment. We want to convey a special thanks to Mohammad Mizenur Rahaman, Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, SUST, Sylhet for his valuable suggestion to conduct and complete the assignment. We are very grateful to some other persons for their great help. We want to say thanks to Md. Ruhul Amin, Additional Director, Agricultural University, Sylhet. We also want to convey special thanks to Jotirmoy Roy, Director of Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo, Mr. Surul haque, Md. Fajul Karim Azad, Director of Ashoan Mushroom Shilpo and Meheraj Ahmed, Director of Ayesha Mushroom Shilpo for their great help by giving us different types of information and data. And at last we also like to thanks to our friends for their healthy cooperation.
Honorable Sir. Sajib Kumar Talukder 5. 2007 To. Afsar Ahmed 2. And to collect data and information about small business. we would like to request you to accept our paper and thereby permit us to present it before the panel of experts. Mohammad Ahsan 4. Yours obediently. Farhat mehjabeen Registration No. Thank you in advance for your assistance and advice in this connection. For this we have selected the Mushroom business as a career possible small Business.March 22. Finally. Name 1. Shahajalal University of Science & Technology. Subject: Letter of Submittal assignment. With due respect and humble submission we beg to state that we are the students of Group-11 on 1st year 1st semester. demand and satisfaction of Mushroom and how to operate this business. we would like to request you to consider if any error is found in the paper. We have also gone in some Mushroom business And have survey on cultivation of Mushroom. According for collection of data we have investigated into the ‘Agriculture Office’ in Sylhet. Mohammad Nazrul Islam Head Department of Business Administration. However. May we note here that. Sylhet-3114. 2005731051 2005731052 2005731053 2005731054 2005731055 . department of BAN. We are given an Assignment to select a small business which looks attractive as a career Possibility for us. Nur-E-Jannath 3. there has been no dearth of sincerity on our part to bring the issue under study into proper focus.
Mushroom is meanly a fungus. In Bangladesh only 4 kinds of mushroom is grown mushroom is a nutrias food. Natural calamity can not damage this plantation. In present. All of them only 20 kinds of mushrooms we can eat. It is a small business so hared of low in not needed. Every kind of diseases can cure to eat mushroom. . There are 14000-12000 kinds of Mushroom in the world.SUMMERY Mushroom is a business that takes the place in provability business in Bangladesh. It can grow in any kind of place. In competitive world and like other country the want of mushroom is augmenting day by day. It is grown in moist place. It has all nutritious quality. In this organization the business risk is limited. mushroom seems an employment of many unemployed people in Bangladesh. Commentary one can cultivate it and can profitable. So one can do this business and can country built in National economy.
usefulness and profit we choose "Mushroom shilpo" as our small business career. By filling the demand of customer and providing service we can easily risk in this sector.Profiles In Bangladesh small business is a probability sector for us. The demand field of mushroom is so vast that we have no risk to start it. By observing the public demand. It creates vast scope for ones to use his business knowledge. It is easy to create a small business. Starting mushroom shilpo is very easy we know it from the survey report. skill ness and plan. . We can easily collect money for starting the business personally or owing money from the Banks or financial institutions.
" -----------------Chapter – 3 Questionnaire on survey ------------------------------------------------------Chapter – 4 Field work on Mushroom Shilpo (i) Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo --------------------------------------------(ii) Srijon Mushroom Shilpo -----------------------------------------------(iii) Ayesha Mushroom Center --------------------------------------------Chapter – 5 Table & Chart ------------------------------------------------------------------Chapter .1 Chapter – 1 Introduction ---------------------------------------------------------------------Background of the business --------------------------------------------------Purpose of the study -----------------------------------------------------------Methodology -------------------------------------------------------------------Limitation of the study --------------------------------------------------------Chapter – 2 Analysis a small business.against "Mushroom Shilpo.6 Conclusion ----------------------------------------------------------------------Topic – 2 Report on local small business administration office ---------------------34 33 27 15 20 23 13 03 01 01 02 02 02 . Topic .TABLE OF CONTENTS Page No.
so there is no legal complexity. student can also conduct the business for easy maintenance. small area in prospect of small or sole proprietorship business. In one side mushroom fill up the nutritious demand of a family. it is well known business organization in respect of easy of earning livelihood. the western country has taken the mushroom business a long time before. Besides study. another side it is taken an easy source of economy in commercially. mushroom has started up in our country since 1980. the demand of mushroom is increasing day by day in our country. Besides these. And for this reason the demand of mushroom business is increase indiscriminately. Now-a-days.1 Introduction: Mushroom is the name of that business which has taken its place ordinarily among the all probabilities business. small area in prospect of small capital. Background of the business: To realize the utility and probability. Next time through various developing .TOPIC . Through this mushroom they fill up their nutritious demand and create the source of employment. The mushroom business is easily build up through small capital. To follow their work processing.1 CHAPTER . Many people get find the way of self-relies through the mushroom business. According to these. The south-east countries have also taken the mushroom commercially. the business is continued with the help of some labor and employee. According to the mass popularity of the mushroom in the world wide. As it is a sole proprietorship business. To establish this kind of business required capital is easily found.
(5) Through this business it is possible to contribute in social economy. We can say turn as small business. the mushroom business is now taken a great demandable business. Sylhet) (ii) Srijon Mushroom Shilpo (Amborkhana. So we have to face problem to find out the mushroom business. Following these. Sylhet) The approach was to identify qualitative information that explained management information system and services. These are(i) Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo (Akhalia. (iii) We got cooperatively limited time to collect data and information to prepare the assignment. Purpose of study: (1) It is an attractive business concept to build up our carrier. they didn't explain their managerial secret and that's why we had to fail in collecting resourceful data. (2) It is our social responsibility to inform general people about the nutrition's and usefulness of mushroom. (ii) Business owners didn't give the accurate amount of capital and profit. (4) It is a better way of self employment. Sylhet) (iii) Ayesha Mushroom Centre (Choukidighi. Limitation of the study: (i) It is not available in Sylhet.steps mushroom has gotten popularity in our country since 1992. Methodology: Keeping the above purpose of the study in mind. (iv) In some cases. . (3) Besides study students can operate this business easily. some enterprises were selected at random there of which belong to the sole proprietorship business group.
about 2000 are medicinal mushrooms with varieties of health attributes. Further more. Now it is considered as a money earning crop. 3. The following 8 types of mushrooms are mainly cultivated1. 7. 100 of them are economically cultivated. 4. Paddy straw mushroom. Milky mushroom. our Classification: Currently about 2-3 million of fungi are known to exist of those about 14000 species are known as mushroom and 7000 species are considered to have varying degrees of edibility. approximately 60 commercially cultivated and about 10 have reached to industrial scale production in many countries. 2. 6. 5.2 Analysis a small business against "Mushroom Silpo" What is Mushroom: Mushroom is a large reproductive structure of edible fungi which is the most popular nutritious.CHAPTER . Almost 3000 species from 31 genera are regarded as prime edible mushroom and 200 of them are experimentally grown. Shiitake mushroom Wood ear mushroom Button mushroom Tropical Button mushroom. delicious and medicinal vegetable in the world. It grows in moist environment and it takes oxygen to live. . Mushroom is now one of the promising concepts for crops diversification in world. In country it is found always fresh. Oyster mushroom.
copper. vitamin Bcomplex. calcium. Recently. It is also used with fast food which is very popular and interesting in taste.8. fish. Reishi mushroom. immunomodulating and antioxidant properties. phosphorus. . tea. blood sugar and cholesterol. In fact mushroom is rich in highly digestible essential amino acid rich protein. Ganoderna lucidum nutriceuticals have exhibited promising antiviral effects like anti HIV and anti hepatitis B. It is rich in folic acid. noodles. Mushrooms contain biologically active polysaccharide protein complexes having anti-tumar. oyster mushroom has been reported to have anti bacterial effect and reduced cholesterol. potassium. Medical treatment: Mushrooms are also reported to have high medicinal attributes. vitamins and minerals but low quantity of high quality unsaturated fat and water soluble carbohydrate (Low calorie food). iron and other essential trace element. In addition these mushrooms contain other active substances which reduce blood pressure. Mushroom-as like food: Mushroom is used with meat. omelet. Advantages: Nutrition: It is well recognized that mushroom contains all essential components of a balance food. vegetable. The interesting fact is that the K: Na ratio in mushroom is very high and it is suitable for people who suffer from hypertension. curry etc. soup.
2. vii. Mushrooms have high biological efficiency conversion of dry substrate into fresh mushroom (up to 100%) iv. 4. item of Bangladesh becausei.Prospect of Mushroom in Bangladesh: The future of the mushroom industry in Bangladesh is very bright. low labor but high return. Mushroom production is an indoor activity hence does not seed agricultural and thus suited to small and landless farmer. v. iii. It needs low capital. It converts agricultural wastes into nutritious health food and organic manure. . It has potential to generate valuable foreign exchange through export. Ensure to get capital in easy terms and conditions. Why we choose the business: Mushroom is the most promising Agril. ii. Proper leading to conduct these businesses. And thus way we will be able to build up the mushroom industry in overspreading dimension. 3. Due to its vertical cultivation in selves per unit area of production and economic return in short time is very high. The demands of the mushrooms do not get spread in the large wise business sector in our country. Great inspiration to involve many people with these businesses. So to go forward in these probabilities business we need1. vi. Proper sponsorship from governmental and non-governmental organization. It is an ideal venture to generate mass employment particularly for unemployed and female.
These are given below Production related: . management.Start a small business: To start a new small business like mushroom shilpo. Capital. (ii) Fresh Mushroom. customer demographics. (v) Mushroom comport. . besides to product different types of mushroom they also offer various services. Labor. Produc e Competitio n Financi al reword Experienc e Management Capita l Small Business Inventor y Customer demographic s Locatio n Lease All of those are need to start up new business. inventory.(i) Mushroom seeds. Some of those are. it needs some requirement. Financial reword. competition. (iii) Dry Mushroom (iv) Powder Mushroom. produce etc. lease. Experience. Nature of service: In the mushroom industry.
vegetable and fruit wastes coir dust. (iii) Training in mushroom processing and marketing. are available for the recycling. Beside cereal straw. husk. Service related:. Source of capital: To get capital we have to realize the source of capital. a large amount of sugarcane bagasse. Generally. Sometimes. dried leaves. these business is also start-up through 60-80 thousands Taka. It is need the long-term capital to conduct the permanent assets of a business similarly short-term capital is also need to maintain the labor. sawdust etc. Required capital: Capital is the backbone of a business. anybody can build up these business by invested about 2-3 lakh. As mushroom industry is established in prospect of sole proprietorship business so this kind of business need small capital according to the ability of business owner.staffing cost and . It is estimated that about 30 million tons of crop residue are generated annually and a large amount of which (mainly rice straw) is left unused or used to produce farm yard manure. Raw material: To product any kind of goods it is need to have raw material. In the mushroom industry there is also need various raw material in various production sectors. Every business has a standard amount of capital according to business structure.(i) Training in mushroom seeds production (ii)Training in mushroom firm establishment.
Structure of organization: Different types of business follow different types of organizational structure. Rate of interest: Financial institutions offer different types of interest rate based on different term. (iii) Co-operative Bank Terms and conditions of financial institutions: Term-based condition:(i) Short-term (ii) Mid-term (iii) Long-term In the mushroom industry generally have short-term capital. External:(i) Commercial Bank. Generally four types of organizational structure are followed in business institutions. it determines the financial institutions. To conduct these types of cost and expenses. Mortgage: Financial institutions offer loan to recipient according to their permanent temporary assets or personalize mortgage. (ii) Local money-lender. any business can called their required capital from the sources. Installment: How much installment will be followed in payment of collective loan. .daily expenses. Internal: (i) Proprietor's own capital following (ii) Friends and relatives.
skill ness. This business applies the following topics to motivate their employees. behavior. As becoming a small business the mushroom industry conduct their staffing process by personal knowing people or the advertising system. (iii) Advance (iv) Financial rewards (v) Advance (vi) Transportation facilities (vii) Medical facilities (viii) Fair treatment (ix) Appreciation of worth while work (x) Training facilities. the mushroom industries normally follow the straight-line organization. For being productive and marketing institution this business follow the employee's competence. Promotion: In the mushroom industry. (i) Fair salary (ii) Bonus. To regard the business maintenance and proper controlling system. and other qualification. Motivation: In every institution follow different methods of motivation to increase the skill ness and the speed ness on work of employees. . honesty.They are - (i) Straight-line organization (ii) Functional organization (iii) Line and stuff organization (iv) Committee organization. The mushroom business is not exception from it. Raw material. capita. equipment and other elements can do nothing without staff. there is also offering promotion based on employee's experiences. and educational qualification to appoint employees in this sector. Staffing: Expect and competence employees play an important role in any business organizational improvement.
Lack of higher business environment ii. Decision Making: As mushroom business is established in sole proprietorship business sector and business owner have to conduct the whole business so business related any decision is taken by the owner. Managerial problems: For being a small business mushroom business's owner has to face different managerial problems. Lack of efficient management iv. Absence of modern approaches toward management v.Controlling: The success of business mostly depends on the proper controlling system. Lack of labors.management relations vii. Sometimes business owners consult with their subordinates and sometimes they take decisions alone. Political violence. These are given bellow:i. . As the mushroom business becoming sole proprietorship business so whole maintenance of this business have to maintain the owner. Communication problem vi. Lack of associate institution iii. In that situation they take help from the experts. Expert knowledge: Sometimes mushroom owners have to face some critical problems which do not solve them alone.
Generally they determine the accounts of profit and loss in monthly.banners viii) Seminar ii) Poster iii) Leaflet iv) Mieking vii) Television v) Advertise in newspaper vi) Radio ix) Personal communication etc. Daily expenses and incomes are calculated based on receivable and payable accounts. owners follow or take some marketing policies which are very useful to their business. mushroom business follows a standard rule of price determination. advertising expenses and other expenses. The policy are I) Publicity ii) Sales extension iii) Advertisement Way of advertisement and publicity : i) Festoon . The rate of profit verify according to the business organization.Price determination: According to other business. conservation expenses. transport expenses. Generally price determination of the goods products is taking based on production cost. . Accounting process: As mushroom business has small capital and small area so it can preserve its accounting system without any hazard. Marketing policy: To increase the demand of mushroom to people and to go forward with their business. Buyers of mushroom : Generally mushroom business owner conduct their business through the following buyers i) Mushroom farmer iii) Departmental store ii) Hotel & Restaurants v) General public etc.
These are i) Supply mushroom seeds to buyers according to their demand. So every business has some risk which is faced by the owner conducting their business. ii) Fail to sell product according to target. iv) Banned on using poly bag. iii) Spoil of seeds. powder mushroom based on wholesaler and retail system. v) Political imbalance. The causes of the failure are given below i) Complexity to collect current capital.Selling process: Maintaining mushroom business owners follow normally two types of selling process. In the mushroom business owner faces the following risk i) Problem in collecting current capital. ii) Sale fresh mushroom. ii) Employee's neglect on business. iii) Failure in controlling expenses and costs. Risk: There is a proverb in business that "No risks no gain". iv) Failure in preservation of accounts etc. . dry mushroom. Causes of failure : Sometime mushroom business also face some failures.
4. 8.3 Questionnaire for survey on owners of Mushroom Shilpo 1. 7. Have you any facility to train up the employees? 21. 5. Is the loan paid clearly? 14. What is the method of hiring employees in your business? 17. Do you follow the firing system to employees? 10. What was the amount of bank loan mortgage? 13. What was the duration of bank loan payment? 12. 9. What is the amount of your current capital? 15. What is the amount of labors wages? 20. What organizational structure is fallowed in your business? 16. How many employees are working in our business? 18.CHAPTER . What is the name of your organization? What type services do you offer? What is the name of entrepreneur? When you start the business? What is your background before starting the business? From where the idea of business has been arrived? What is the amount of starting capital? From where you have collected your capital? Did you face any problem in collecting capital? they offered loan? 11. 6. What is the amount of employee's salary? 19. What are the terms and conditions of financial institutions? When . 3. What are the steps of promotion to employees? 23. What is the promotion system in your business? 22. 2.
What is the selling process? 34.24. What system is followed when you take a decision? 26. What is the managerial problem in your business? 27. What is the way of publicity? 31. Who are the buyers of your product? 33. What is the system of packaging and processing Mushroom? 32. What is the control system of your business? 25. What is the risk of business? 35. What is the pricing policy in your business? 29. What is the marketing policy? 30. What is the source of raw material in your business? 28. What is the future plan of your business? . What is the condition of your business profit? 37. What are the causes of failure in performing business? 36.
etc. Sylhet.40% . short place and also in a small capital and solve the nutrition problem of his / her family but also can contribute a lot on the economy of his country. Director. The importance dimension of one can grow mushroom in a by that it not only can mushroom is augmenting day by day.000 taka. The amount of starting capital: The starting capital of this mushroom business was 3. Sources of collecting this capital: i) personal . Blood pressure.4 Field work on Mushroom Shilpo i) Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Name of organization Address Services : .CHAPTER . Background of the owner: Student. From this aforementioned idea the enterpriser can understand the necessity of joining with this business. 00. : (i) Production of Mushroom (ii) Processing of Mushroom (iii) Marketing (v) Training Entrepreneur Time of staring business:On August 2006. cancer mushroom plantation is that any (iv) Selling (vi) Staffing : Jotirmoy Roy.Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo. : 6th Annuara Road. From where the idea has been arrived: Mushroom is a notorious food. Akhalia. Like diabetics. Mushroom also works as a remedy of many Blood deficiency. Like the others countries of the world the want of diseases.
Did you face any problem in collecting capital: i) Yes ii) No Collection of capital : i) the selling of personal properties. Director.2 ↓ Labor . ii) Bank lone .000 taka.2.000 taka. technician.20% The amount of .40. Technical officers.The amount is . They followed strait line organization. They have labors. the loan is not paid clearly. ii) Bank mortgage.1 The time of payment Bank loan: Within a year.2 Method of hiring employees: Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo some methods to hire employees.000 taka.8% iii) Instilment .60. Is the loan paid clearly? : No. Terms and condition of financial institutions : i) Types of lone . Bank loan mortgage: Personal property.1 ↓ Technical Officer .1 ↓ Technician . (i) Advertise in newspaper Number of employees Number of Labor :3 :2 (ii) Personal Knowing. Director .Short tram Agriculture lone ii) Present of interest .00. Organizational structure: Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo has an organizational structure. . Present/current capital: The current capital at this organization has 5.
Has there facility to promotion? : i) Yes Basis of promotion : ii) No Promotion is depended on employees working abilities.500× 2) =7000 taka. capacity. here has two steps of promotion. method and experience. Is there needs expert knowledge: Yes . Way of motivation : (iii) Promotion (i) Fair salary (ii) Bonus iv) Financial rewards (v) Training facilities Control system: Owner controls his business with his own ability.disagreement with the employees. Labor. Step of promotion : It is a small business. Way of decision making: Owner makes decision by discussing with the employees of the organization. The time of train is 7 days.6000 taka Technical .Technical officer. fallen in doubt in decision making etc. So the promotion step also limited. Wage of labor : (2.manager relations (v) Transport problem (vi) Political clash. method and expertness. Problems of regarding decision: Sometimes owner's falls in the problems of making decision. (iv) Lack of labor.Technician .500× 2) =5. Does the organization face any managerial problem? : Yes Managerial problems: (i) Lack of higher business environment (ii) Lack of Associate institution (iii) Lack efficient management.(3. And a technical officer helps them to training. capacity.000 taka Training : They training there employees and labor in their own organization. such as .Salary of employees : Technical officer.
husk. The marketing policies are: (i) Publicity (ii) Sells promotion (iii) Advertisement. Way of publicity: (i) Public communication: (a) Television (b) Radio (c) Advertisement in newspaper (d) Posturing (e) Leaflet (f) Festoon (g) Banner (ii) Group communication: (a) Seminar (b) Consultation. Nature of produce: Seeds of mushroom. sawdust. mushroom business is not differing from that. fresh mushroom. Marketing policy: In competitive market. Pricing policy: The organization calculates/makes/determined its selling price at the rate of / (a) 30% on it's to the cost. Depends on its usefulness and importance the organizations takes steps to make it popularize among people and as well as it takes the marketing policy in order to make sufficient profit. (iii) Personal communication: (a) Telephone (b) Mobile (c) Personal talk / discus / conversation Packing and Processing of mushroom: . And gives some suggestions for different problems.Source of expert knowledge: Every month one expert (Agriculture officer) comes here. powder mushroom. Accounting Process: Though it's a small sole proprietorship business. Row materials: Ear-wax. dry mushroom. Source of Row material: The mushroom business organization collects row material from local area. so it calculates its transactions through receivable and payable account. polybag. the success of any business depends on marketing policy.
(i) According to demand packing and supply (ii) Improvement of labeling (iii) Get returned mushroom which is expired dated Buyers of mushroom: Mushroom is bought by (i) The farmer of mushroom (ii) Different organizations which are related with mushroom cultivation (iii) Departmental stores (iv) General people. Cause of failure: (i) Problems of collecting of current capital (ii) Careless of employees (iii) Failure in preserving accurate accounts.5% Future plan of the organization: (i) To build in a large wise organization (ii) Increase the amount of buyers. Selling process: As the organization is related with the production of mushroom seeds and cultivation. (iii) To create brunches in local area. (v) To involve in national economy. (ii) Supply cultivated mushroom. Present of profit: 7. so (i) The organization supplies the seeds according to demand among the buyers. (iii) Training in processing and marketing of mushroom. Is the business profitable? : Yes. Risk: (i) Spoiling seeds (ii) Unsealing of produced produce (iii) Banding of polybag. profitable. If yes. ii) Srijon Mushroom Shilpo . Other offers: (i) Training in mushroom seeds cultivation (ii) Training in the establishment of mushroom firm. what is the profit on last month: 25000 taka.
They have director and labors and employees. Address: 10 point view shopping center.1 ↓ Labor . Sylhet. Director . When start the business: May 2006.2 Method of hiring employees: Personal knowing. Did he face any problem in collecting capital? : Yes Current capital: 85.000/Organizational structure: Srijon Mushroom Shilpo has an organizational structure. Background: Student (SUST) How you get the concept of the business: (a) To fill in the nutritious demand. (b) The easy way of earning money. Nature of organization: Soul proprietorship organization. Sources of collecting this capital: Personal. The amount of starting capital: The starting capital of this mushroom business was 65. Amborkhana. Number of employee: Number of labor: 1 2 Salary of employees: 2000/.1 ↓ Employees . They follow strait line organization. Entrepreneur: Mr.(part time) .Name of organization: Srijon Mushroom Shilpo.000/-. Nurul Haque. Services: Collecting and selling different types of mushroom.
. quality. Motivation : a) Fair salary b) Bonus c) Inspiration d) Medical facility e) Financial reward f) Transport facility Firing of employer's: no need. Problems of regarding decision: As owner is the boss of his own decision so there is no problem to make decision. Marketing policy : The way of marketing policy are as followsii) Local productive organization. Way of calculation: Though it is a small sole proprietorship business so it calculates its transactions through receivable and payable account. Control system: Owner controls his business with his own ability.Wages of labor : (500× 2) = 1000/Training: (i) There is no formal training. method and expertness. Does the organization face any managerial problem : NO Is there need expert knowledge ? : Yes Row materials i) Seeds of mushroom ii) Nourished mushroom Source of raw material :i) Local farmer Nature of product :i) Fresh mushroom ii) Dry mushroom iii) Powder mushroom Pricing policy : The organization calculates its selling price at the rate of 20% on its total cost. Steps of promotion: There is no step of promotion. Way of making decision: Owners makes decision by himself. (ii) Sometimes they offer oral training according to need.
iii) Fail to sell the target of buying product iv) Political crash. ii) Increase the amount of buyers. Other offers : i) Training on mushroom seeds cultivation. ii) They sell the mushroom at wholesale and retail price. . iii) To create business in local area. Risks :i) Problems to collect current capital.5% Future plan of the organization : i) To build in a large wish organization. Consumers : Mushroom is bought byi) Different type of restaurant ii) Departmental store iii) Upper class family. ii) Training on the establishment of mushroom firm.000/Percent on profit : 12. Cause of failure: Now it is not face. Is the business profitable : Yes\ What is the profit on last month? : 10.i) Publicity The way of publicity :i) Festoon ii) Leaflet v) Television ii) Sells promotion iii) Billboard iii) Advertisement iv) Advertise on newspaper vi) Banner vii) Oral communication. Selling process :i) The organization supplies the mushroom according to demand among the buyers. ii) Ban of polythene.
Mushroom is now one of the promising concepts in Bangladesh. : i) Production of mushroom ii) Marketing iii) Selling iv) Training Owner of the business When start the business Background of the owner : Meheraj Ahmad : July. The amount of current capital : 3. It is a scope of employment for unemployed people. 2005 : Student (National University) From where the idea has been arrived: Mushroom is a most popular food. : Sole proprietorship. : Ma Jubeda Manjil Rongdhonu 21/1. 60.40. Sources of capital Condition of loan : personal .30%. Sylhet.000 taka.70%. Relatives . 1. Is the collecting loan fully paid? : Yes.iii) Ayesha Mushroom Center Name of the organization Address Nature of organization Type of services : Ayehsa mushroom center.000 taka.000 taka. Chaukidighi. . delicious and medicinal vegetable in the world. Any one can easily participate in cultivation. The amount at starting capital : 2. It is nutritious.000 taka.00. One can benefit to cultivated mushroom and contributed in the economy of our country. : Capital from relatives had to pay with in a year without interest.20.
Promotion is depended on employees working abilities. .1 ↓ Technical Officer .000/Promotion facility Basis of promotion : Step of promotion : There has a limited promotion facility. method.000 2 = 6. Managerial problems: i) Lack of higher business environment ii) Lack of associate institution.2 Manner of hiring employer: The hire employees to personal knowing person.3. : 2 steps Labor → Technician Technician → Technical officer Ways of motivation : i) Fair salary Firing of employees : No needed. capacity.000/Labor .2. Numbers of employees : There are 5 employees work this organization. ability.1 ↓ Trainer .5. capacity and experience. iii) Lack of efficient management.2 ↓ Labor . ii) Bonus iii) Promotion iv) Financial rewords v) Appreciation facilities Control system : Owner controls his business with his own competence.Organization structure : Strait line organization.000 2 = 4.000/Trainer . Director . Salaries of employees : Technical officer . method and experience.
Way of publicity : i) Banner ii) Leaflet iv) Mikeing vii) Television iii) Posturing v) Advertisement in news papers vi) Seminar viii) Personal communication. Nature of product: fresh mushroom. Marketing process : i) Publicity ii) Sells promotion iii) Advertisement. sugarcane. powder mushroom.000. Accounting process: Immediately write down the daily transaction on the account book and calculate the profit and losses after the month. Is the business profitable? The profit of last month Percent of profit : Yes. ii) Apply the modern management approaches.i) Improve the training facilities. Raw materials: Cereal straw.5% ii) Fail to sale the buying product Customers of mushroom : i) Departmental stores . ii) Hotel and restaurants iii) General people. husk. iii) Use of modern techniques. Risks : i) Spoil of needs iii) Banned of politics. dry mushroom. coin dust. : 18. bagasse. : 8. Ways to overcome the managerial problems . vegetable and fruit waste.iv) Lack of labor management relation. Do you need the expert knowledge : Yes Sources of expert knowledge: Take succession from local agricultural officer for different problem. Selling process: According to demand sells the mushroom products in retail and whole sale process to the customers. Pricing policy: The organization determines the selling price of products at the rate of 25% at its total cost. dried leaves sawdust etc.
ii) In crease the amount of buyers. iv) Modernized the laboratory v) To involve in national economy.Future plan : i) to build in a large wish organization. iii) To create brunches in local area. .
6 0.5 Table and Chart Chart (1) Nature of products Name of Institution Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Product Seeds of mushroom Fresh mushroom Dry mushroom Powder mushroom Fresh mushroom Dry mushroom Powder mushroom Fresh mushroom Dry mushroom Powder mushroom Rate of production 45% 20% 18% 17% 50% 30% 20% 60% 25% 15% Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Ayesha Mushroom Center 0.CHAPTER .5 0.1 0 Shahjalall Mushroom Shilpo Rate of production .4 Product 0.3 0.2 0.
000/= 65.000/= 2.00.000/= 600000 500000 400000 300000 200000 100000 0 Amount of capital Ayesha Mushroom Shilpo Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Shahjalal Musroom Shilpo .Chart (2) Starting capital Institution Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Ayesha Mushroom Center Amount of capital 3.00.
000/= 3.20.Chart (3) Present capital Institution Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Ayesha Mushroom Center Amount of capital 5.00.000/= 85.000/= 1000000 900000 800000 700000 600000 500000 400000 300000 200000 100000 0 Amount of capital Ayesha Mushroom Shilpo Srijion Mushroom Shilpo Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo .
Chart (4) Current capital Institution Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Ayesha Mushroom Center Salaries and wages Salaries Wages Salaries Wages Salaries Wages Amount 13.000/= 5.000/= 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 AyeshaMushroom Shilpo Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Srijon Mushroom Shilpo 0 Amount Salaries and wages .000/= 6.000/= 2.000/= 11.000/= 1.
2 0 1 2 Srijon Musroom Shilpo Hotel & Restautrne Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo General Public Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Hotel& Restaurent Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Departmental store Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Organization releted with business of mushroom .4 0.6 0.Chart (5) Nature of customer Rate of Customer 30% 22% 12% 15% 2% 30% 20% 10% 60% 25% 15% Institution Nature of customer Farmer of mushroom Organization related with Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo business of mushroom Departmental store Hotel and restaurant General public Hotel and restaurant Departmental store Upper class family Farmers of mushroom Hotel and restaurant General people Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Ayesha Mushroom Center 1.8 0.2 1 0.
00% 12.00% 2.5% 12.00% 4.00% Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Ayesha Mushroom Shilpo Rate of profit (Last month) .00% 6.Chart (6) Profit rate Institution Shahjalal Mushroom Shilpo Srijon Mushroom Shilpo Ayesha Mushroom Center Rate of profit (last month) 7.00% 0.5% 14.5% 8.00% 8.00% 10.
6 Conclusion: Mushroom related industry / farming utilizing lignocelluloses wastes available from agriculture. horticulture. forestry and industry in plenty. can have long term input towards human nutrition. Let us utilize this opportunity to make Bangladesh a leading mushroom producing country in the world and help to create expert opportunities for poverty elevation quickly.CHAPTER . . We have grate opportunity to take benefit of such venture to improve health and economic status of our poor people through diversification in mushroom production. health and management of environmental of environmental pollution and promoting economic and social status of millions of poor people in our country.
Any types of natural disaster can't destroy these crops. For future development more and more steps should be taken to make the people aware about it. They advertise it on TV mass media.TOPIC . We have to change general concept that mushroom is not "Banger Sata". Our govt. The govt.2 Report on local small business administration office We went to local agricultural office and meet agriculture officer and take his interview: Mushroom is a very profitable business. Some one can create employment facility not only for him but also for the society. should include a chapter about mushroom in text book. ---------------------------------. Agriculture Development Institutions help the farmer financially. To fill up the nutritious demand it helps. has taken various steps to make it eagerful to the various people. By advertising and inspection the agriculture officers accommodate training for those are eager to cultivate mushroom. They provide training on processing. production of seeds etc. We can cultivate it easily at staying home. They also help them by supplying mushroom seeds.0 ---------------------------------- .
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