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FishChips With Dave 120310

FishChips With Dave 120310

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David A. Rosenberg Chief Economist & Strategist drosenberg@gluskinsheff.

com + 1 416 681 8919

December 3, 2010 Economic Commentary

MARKET MUSINGS & DATA DECIPHERING

Fish, Chips & Latkes with Dave
HOPE-BASED RALLY NOW, SHOCK THERAPY LATER I’m on the way back from a two-day business trip in London, U.K. with a few of my Gluskin Sheff colleagues. It’s been a good year-and-a-half since I was last there (the next best thing to old New York), and the first time I can remember it snowing this early — a few centimetres almost shut down the city (enough to make a Torontonian chuckle). While we continue to refrain from hyperventilating as others throw in the towel, it is completely understandable that investor sentiment has improved. Moreover, the incoming economic data, at least when benchmarked against the double-dip fears that prevailed in July and August, currently look “green shooty” in nature. But is the U.S. economy really out of the woods? Hardly. The recovery is obviously still so fragile that the Fed felt the need to expand its balance sheet by an additional 25% and policymakers in Washington fear that the economy can slip back into recession if the Bush tax cuts and the 99-week emergency jobless benefit plan are not extended. When you get through the WSJ’s op-ed piece today (The Fed’s Bailout Files) it is readily apparent as to how the financial system can be rigged and manipulated by government officials, elected and non-elected alike. We don’t claim to be monuments of justice and perhaps Bernanke et al saved the world from imminent collapse in early 2009, but since when is a 14x P/E multiple “cheap” or even “fair value” for a period in economic and financial history in which capitalism went on a prolonged sabbatical? The Reagan Revolution this is not (though perhaps gets revived in 2012). Let’s also not forget that the peak in real GDP growth was posted in Q4 2009 and the high in ISM was back in April of this year. So whatever green shoots we are seeing now are really more about comparisons to low-balled summertime expectations. To be sure, job market conditions have improved, but the reality is that the preponderance of the employment gains in the past six months has been in parttime positions. The trend in initial jobless claims has receded, which is encouraging indeed but they are not yet at levels consistent with a sustained decline in the unemployment rate. As an aside, we find it amusing to hear about how the four-week moving average on claims has declined to 431k — where it was in August 2008 when the U.S. economy was only nine months into recession and Hank Paulson was brandishing his bazooka. Indeed, the jobless rate remained well above the 9% threshold in November, which marks the 19th month in a row this happened establishing a new (and rather dubious) record for the post-WWII era. What a recovery!

While we continue to refrain from hyperventilating as others throw in the towel, it is completely understandable that investor sentiment has improved

Job market conditions in the U.S. have improved …

… but reality is that the preponderance of the employment gains in the past six months has been in part-time positions

Please see important disclosures at the end of this document.

Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc. is one of Canada’s pre-eminent wealth management firms. Founded in 1984 and focused primarily on high net worth private clients, we are dedicated to meeting the needs of our clients by delivering strong, risk-adjusted returns together with the highest level of personalized client service. For more information or to subscribe to Gluskin Sheff economic reports, visit www.gluskinsheff.com

December 3, 2010 – FISH, CHIPS & LATKES WITH DAVE

No doubt, the retail sales data in the U.S. have certainly surprised to the upside. But it was all due to the paper wealth created from the bounce back in equity values bolstering high-end consumption, and the low-end spectrum being underpinned by Uncle Sam’s generosity as a record near 20% of personal income is now being derived from government transfer payments. We are constantly asked: when will we turn bullish? Given the rapid ascent in the stock market back to the cycle highs, we are fielding this question constantly. In fact, the last time we were asked it with so much high frequency was last April. Something to ponder. The bottom line is that we will turn into secular bulls the moment we see that the U.S. economy can expand organically without the sustenance of a public sector oxygen tank. We need to see that the private sector can stand on its own two feet. We actually thought we were going to get that opportunity when Ben Bernanke announced months ago that the Fed was planning its exit strategy. Alas, no such luck here as QE1 morphed into QE2. We had also thought that a tax cut, which always had a December 31, 2010 expiry date, would disappear. But again, there is simply too much concern over how this will impact the economy despite the fact that revenues are falling so short of expenditures that the deficit continues to flirt near 10% of GDP. In fact, the government debt/GDP ratio in the U.S.A. has already pierced levels that touched off credit downgrades in Canada back in the early 1990s. When Fannie and Freddie’s balance sheet is tacked on, the U.S.A. looks worse than the Euroland periphery. Now what fair-value P/E multiple does that deserve? After seeing Q3 real GDP growth revised up to a 2.5% annual rate, it now looks as though Q4 will look very much the same, which is an upgrade from previous forecasts. In fact, some economists are now forecasting between 3% and 4% real GDP growth for Q4. The question at this point with the market priced for such a pickup is what the pitfalls might be as we go into 2011. We identify four of them: One shock is the sharp pending drag from widespread and accelerating spending cutbacks and tax hikes at the fiscally strapped state and local government level. In fact, it is because of the downsizing in this critically large part of the economy that the Challenger layoff data in November (48,711 job cuts — conveniently ignored) surged to the highest level in eight months. Gasoline prices in the U.S. are quickly heading to $3 a gallon and history shows that when this happens, the economy cools off with a short time lag. As for bond yields, instead of going down with QE2, they have broken out to the high side and taken mortgage rates along for the ride. This is the last thing the housing market needs.

When will we turn bullish?

We will turn into secular bulls the moment we see that the U.S. economy can expand organically without the sustenance of a public sector oxygen tank

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December 3, 2010 – FISH, CHIPS & LATKES WITH DAVE

In fact, notwithstanding the bungee jump in the volatile pending home sale index (still down 25% over the past year), the reality is that when properly measured, there is two years’ supply of housing inventory overhanging the residential real estate market. This spells bad news for homeowners because it strongly suggests that we are going to be in for another major leg down in house prices. We wonder how long it will take for the recent downdraft in nationwide real estate values (Case-Shiller down three months in a row for the first time since the dark days of March-May 2009) to recapture the attention of the investment community. To be talking about inflation when both credit and house prices are deflating sounds a bit strange to us, but an inflation psychology has recently filtered into the mindset of Mr. Market. Remember the stock market grabs the headline but the housing market is three times more important in terms of the wealth impact on consumer spending. If home prices continue on their recent path next year, it will be the equivalent of a 20% correction in the S&P 500. Another shock comes from the dramatic fiscal retrenchment through much of Europe. Keep in mind that at a 25% share of the pie, U.S. exports to the EU are double what they are to the B.R.I.C.s. While the ECB can provide much needed liquidity, it is not equipped to resolve the issue surrounding sovereign default risks. Ireland, Greece and Portugal are basically insolvent and we will probably find out in due course that while these countries are too big to fail, and Spain is too big to rescue — this saga is far from over. Fiscal policy will ultimately have to deal with that and the necessary restraint and debt restructuring will exert downward pressure on aggregate demand through most of the continent, as well as recurring rounds of financial market instability. (Is there any incentive for Ireland to accept a “rescue plan” that ends up increasing its debt-service burden? It will be fascinating to see what the new government decides to do early next year). As it stands, and despite the brouhaha over the recent PMI data points, Euro area real GDP growth throttled back in Q3 to 0.4%, less than half the second quarter pace. More slowing is sure to come — the question is by how much. Escalating inflation pressures in emerging markets, especially China where the authorities face an enormous challenge in letting air out of the massive credit balloon without bursting it, will require heavy doses of policy restraint. Just as the dramatic Chinese fiscal and credit stimulus in late 2008 helped turn the global recession into an impressive expansion, it is quite clear that from a policy standpoint, the party is now over.

Ireland, Greece and Portugal are basically insolvent and we will probably find out in due course that while these countries are too big to fail, and Spain is too big to rescue

Page 3 of 6

December 3, 2010 – FISH, CHIPS & LATKES WITH DAVE

So the tailwinds to U.S. profits from accelerating global growth, not to mention a weak U.S. dollar, which has turned the corner, are about to become headwinds. Achieving the double-digit gains in S&P 500 earnings for 2011 that have become entrenched in consensus expectations at a time of record margins and likely low single-digit nominal GDP growth will be extremely difficult. While the recent rally, which has been predicated on hopes of an ECB rescue plan and hopes of a White House-Congress agreement on tax/benefit extensions, the downside growth risks for 2011 should not be so readily dismissed. This has become such a hope-based market that the Dow jumped over 100 points earlier this week on a Reuters news story in Brussels, which reported that the U.S.A. would back an even greater financial commitment to Europe! Quick — get Sarah Palin on the line. Hope isn’t typically a very useful long-term strategy, even if it has helped generate another run at the highs, as the remaining shorts get covered in time for year-end. With most surveys showing a bull-bear ratio of three to one and the recent Barron’s Big Money poll showing 20 equity bulls for every bond bull, it would seem as though we have an overwhelming consensus on our hands as far as the 2011 outlook is concerned. To which we respond by dusting off Bob Farrell’s rule number 9: “When all the experts and forecasts agree, something else is going to happen.”

So the tailwinds to U.S. profits from accelerating global growth … are about to become headwinds

Page 4 of 6

December 3, 2010 – FISH, CHIPS & LATKES WITH DAVE

Gluskin Sheff at a Glance
Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc. is one of Canada’s pre-eminent wealth management firms. Founded in 1984 and focused primarily on high net worth private clients, we are dedicated to the prudent stewardship of our clients’ wealth through the delivery of strong, risk-adjusted investment returns together with the highest level of personalized client service.
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OVERVIEW
As of September 30, 2010, the Firm managed assets of $5.8 billion.

INVESTMENT STRATEGY & TEAM

We have strong and stable portfolio management, research and client service teams. Aside from recent additions, our Gluskin Sheff became a publicly traded Portfolio Managers have been with the corporation on the Toronto Stock Firm for a minimum of ten years and we Exchange (symbol: GS) in May 2006 and have attracted “best in class” talent at all remains 49% owned by its senior levels. Our performance results are those management and employees. We have of the team in place. public company accountability and governance with a private company We have a strong history of insightful commitment to innovation and service. bottom-up security selection based on fundamental analysis. Our investment interests are directly aligned with those of our clients, as For long equities, we look for companies Gluskin Sheff’s management and with a history of long-term growth and employees are collectively the largest stability, a proven track record, client of the Firm’s investment portfolios. shareholder-minded management and a share price below our estimate of intrinsic We offer a diverse platform of investment value. We look for the opposite in strategies (Canadian and U.S. equities, equities that we sell short. Alternative and Fixed Income) and investment styles (Value, Growth and For corporate bonds, we look for issuers 1 Income). with a margin of safety for the payment of interest and principal, and yields which The minimum investment required to are attractive relative to the assessed establish a client relationship with the credit risks involved. Firm is $3 million. We assemble concentrated portfolios — our top ten holdings typically represent between 25% to 45% of a portfolio. In this PERFORMANCE way, clients benefit from the ideas in $1 million invested in our Canadian which we have the highest conviction. Equity Portfolio in 1991 (its inception date) would have grown to $9.1 million on September 30, 2010 versus $5.9 million for the S&P/TSX Total Return Index over the same period.
2

Our investment interests are directly aligned with those of our clients, as Gluskin Sheff’s management and employees are collectively the largest client of the Firm’s investment portfolios.

$1 million invested in our Canadian Equity Portfolio in 1991 (its inception date) would have grown to $9.1 million2 on September 30, 2010 versus $5.9 million for the S&P/TSX Total Return Index over the same period.

Our success has often been linked to our long history of investing in under-followed and under-appreciated small and mid cap companies both in Canada and the U.S.

$1 million usd invested in our U.S. Equity Portfolio in 1986 (its inception date) would have grown to $11.8 million 2 usd on September 30, 2010 versus $9.6 million usd for the S&P 500 Total Return Index over the same period.
Notes:

PORTFOLIO CONSTRUCTION
In terms of asset mix and portfolio construction, we offer a unique marriage between our bottom-up security-specific fundamental analysis and our top-down macroeconomic view.
H

For further information, please contact questions@gluskinsheff.com

Unless otherwise noted, all values are in Canadian dollars. 1. Not all investment strategies are available to non-Canadian investors. Please contact Gluskin Sheff for information specific to your situation. 2. Returns are based on the composite of segregated Canadian Value and U.S. Equity portfolios, as applicable, and are presented net of fees and expenses.

Page 5 of 6

December 3, 2010 – FISH, CHIPS & LATKES WITH DAVE

IMPORTANT DISCLOSURES
Copyright 2010 Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc. (“Gluskin Sheff”). All rights reserved. This report is prepared for the use of Gluskin Sheff clients and subscribers to this report and may not be redistributed, retransmitted or disclosed, in whole or in part, or in any form or manner, without the express written consent of Gluskin Sheff. Gluskin Sheff reports are distributed simultaneously to internal and client websites and other portals by Gluskin Sheff and are not publicly available materials. Any unauthorized use or disclosure is prohibited. Gluskin Sheff may own, buy, or sell, on behalf of its clients, securities of issuers that may be discussed in or impacted by this report. As a result, readers should be aware that Gluskin Sheff may have a conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of this report. This report should not be regarded by recipients as a substitute for the exercise of their own judgment and readers are encouraged to seek independent, third-party research on any companies covered in or impacted by this report. Individuals identified as economists do not function as research analysts under U.S. law and reports prepared by them are not research reports under applicable U.S. rules and regulations. Macroeconomic analysis is considered investment research for purposes of distribution in the U.K. under the rules of the Financial Services Authority. Neither the information nor any opinion expressed constitutes an offer or an invitation to make an offer, to buy or sell any securities or other financial instrument or any derivative related to such securities or instruments (e.g., options, futures, warrants, and contracts for differences). This report is not intended to provide personal investment advice and it does not take into account the specific investment objectives, financial situation and the particular needs of any specific person. Investors should seek financial advice regarding the appropriateness of investing in financial instruments and implementing investment strategies discussed or recommended in this report and should understand that statements regarding future prospects may not be realized. Any decision to purchase or subscribe for securities in any offering must be based solely on existing public information on such security or the information in the prospectus or other offering document issued in connection with such offering, and not on this report. Securities and other financial instruments discussed in this report, or recommended by Gluskin Sheff, are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and are not deposits or other obligations of any insured depository institution. Investments in general and, derivatives, in particular, involve numerous risks, including, among others, market risk, counterparty default risk and liquidity risk. No security, financial instrument or derivative is suitable for all investors. In some cases, securities and other financial instruments may be difficult to value or sell and reliable information about the value or risks related to the security or financial instrument may be difficult to obtain. Investors should note that income from such securities and other financial instruments, if any, may fluctuate and that price or value of such securities and instruments may rise or fall and, in some cases, investors may lose their entire principal investment. Past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance. Levels and basis for taxation may change. Foreign currency rates of exchange may adversely affect the value, price or income of any security or financial instrument mentioned in this report. Investors in such securities and instruments effectively assume currency risk. Materials prepared by Gluskin Sheff research personnel are based on public information. Facts and views presented in this material have not been reviewed by, and may not reflect information known to, professionals in other business areas of Gluskin Sheff. To the extent this report discusses any legal proceeding or issues, it has not been prepared as nor is it intended to express any legal conclusion, opinion or advice. Investors should consult their own legal advisers as to issues of law relating to the subject matter of this report. Gluskin Sheff research personnel’s knowledge of legal proceedings in which any Gluskin Sheff entity and/or its directors, officers and employees may be plaintiffs, defendants, co-defendants or coplaintiffs with or involving companies mentioned in this report is based on public information. Facts and views presented in this material that relate to any such proceedings have not been reviewed by, discussed with, and may not reflect information known to, professionals in other business areas of Gluskin Sheff in connection with the legal proceedings or matters relevant to such proceedings. Any information relating to the tax status of financial instruments discussed herein is not intended to provide tax advice or to be used by anyone to provide tax advice. Investors are urged to seek tax advice based on their particular circumstances from an independent tax professional. The information herein (other than disclosure information relating to Gluskin Sheff and its affiliates) was obtained from various sources and Gluskin Sheff does not guarantee its accuracy. This report may contain links to third-party websites. Gluskin Sheff is not responsible for the content of any third-party website or any linked content contained in a third-party website. Content contained on such third-party websites is not part of this report and is not incorporated by reference into this report. The inclusion of a link in this report does not imply any endorsement by or any affiliation with Gluskin Sheff. All opinions, projections and estimates constitute the judgment of the author as of the date of the report and are subject to change without notice. Prices also are subject to change without notice. Gluskin Sheff is under no obligation to update this report and readers should therefore assume that Gluskin Sheff will not update any fact, circumstance or opinion contained in this report. Neither Gluskin Sheff nor any director, officer or employee of Gluskin Sheff accepts any liability whatsoever for any direct, indirect or consequential damages or losses arising from any use of this report or its contents.

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