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Kornhlios Kastoriadhs Sygxronos Kapitalismos Kai Epanastash

Kornhlios Kastoriadhs Sygxronos Kapitalismos Kai Epanastash

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kapitalism,kastoriadis,kastoriadhs,revolt,revolution,marx,marxism,dialectic,eurocommunism,communism,revisionism
kapitalism,kastoriadis,kastoriadhs,revolt,revolution,marx,marxism,dialectic,eurocommunism,communism,revisionism

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To XE4,tEVO «TO €JtQVct(J"tct""tLXO x(v"r"U.lct <no crU'IXQovo KctrctWAWIlO" fixe Exoo()et ria ngwrl7 rpoga ro 1972 dno rir; ixooon~ «."'f(!agTJ» 111 J.tf7:6.cp(!am] A. Etlva. 'Eow dxoAov()ei"Tat ~ dva()f(JJgl7J1.ivTJ M{j rrjv K. KaarOQlaOl} .EXOOO7} TOU 1979. "OAa ra vnoAo!."'I:a xelueva, WTfUjJ(J(l' oueva a.'t"o rov Kcsora KOV(!E,utvo nagOVataSovrm low yui lrQ(urTJ tpoQa.

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• I uvtd xnl'tE altO f1Ev(l ata teA.f] 'tits avo t~ll; 'tov 1948 Ev 01\l EL tOV 5'~ I 1JV~be Lou wv K. A. K. (ltOl! cruvjjA.6E to qJIJt VOltWQO 'tij<; L(n(l<; XQOV Ltl<;) X(l( Of] f1UOLflJ· TIlXE 1Yr6 'Eawreer.xo .dEltto N° 53 'tov K.A.K. ,..t ·dtA.o: «nOA.mx~ dcri\'fTlCJf] ytd t6 5" IUVEOQI.O, fuc6 'tou<; OUvtQoqJ01.l<; IoA.u\, wa!1JtQ, MaQx, MaQoE~ev, MEQOtt, MOvtw.., fIa~e, I€QfA, T€6". 'Alliaw<; I'e'tu to 5' IUVEOQLO ~ 'taCJf] I'Uo; tyxatEA.€L<j!e to K.A,K. xaL 1:oQuO'€ ~v oJ.lMa l.'oal(z..1.ta.uo~ ~ BUQoaeo1:tfla. Ot oW<pUlVLE<; ltOl! il:nijQXav tlvuf1EO'U f1Cl~ w<; ltQOS t6 ltOLa ilo. ~'tav ~XCll:ulJ..l]},.(\t~· QTl O't~Yl'tj yw va <puyou!l£ altO t6 K.A.K. A.li6l]_xuv Ocf1EO'W;:, omv -}..[y€<; l'eQf.~ !leta to 'tEA.O;: 'toli 50' Ltl'YEOeLOU- ~ Q1'\~l] avaf1EO'a attjv KOf1~vti:ev KOL atOv 1'{tO JtQOXw..EO'€ O'tou<; 'teOtO'XtOtt<; f1~a qJLA.otL'tO~Xij ijOt€Qw 6LXws oQ~(l. nefi)... ~v «'AVOLX't~ EmU'tOA.tj ... » ltOU 01]f1OO'~fUEtaL ~ reacpEwxQar:tX7] xo<vwvia, I, OE},.. 191-210.

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98

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99

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'Exe(v'r] of)v maxf) ea 1(.;tOgOOOf ;tr;avri; va OXEqJtft rrwe:;, IJ.£ oaol] a{'of) .f)v, Emw xaL ox£nx~, Ol;eyavOOt;oillO'r], eu I-l:ltOQOiiOE vu errEA6H xaL va naYlwSd xarrotaO"taeEQO;""tOL'r]Ol"] ,Wv OXEO£wv CtVUllwU O"ta Mo !l:1tlox. 'Emqxrvstuxu (1u.o aXQl.-o(i)C; ouvio'r]x£ ureo .6 1948 we:; .0 1950, 'JI8'r] 5[.lw~ Ctrto to 1949 ol oaa-HC; tij; LoogQoniae:; ltO'll elXIl rpmV0f1.EVLxa xmaxTIjed [.lE toaov; x6;n:o-u; xJ...ovLot'r]xCtv ano of) OTaAlVlXf) xmaxT'r]O'r] .i'je:; Kiva; nQWta xaC &Jt6 -nlV £xQ'r]s'r] rij~ QWOLX'r]; U.Oj.tlXij-;; OOlJ.oue:; £:tEtta. KaL to. bUo YEyovo,a fi.,-lO.e}...ouoav gL~lXO CtxQw1;l]Qta- 01-1-0 rij; Ct.tlEglxavlx'r]; bUvull'r];' .0 :It QW'o :ltg60eftf )uTIaxoma ExaWIl[.l'llQto: aVeQcU;t01Je:; 0"t6 QWOlXO j.t:rrJ.6x Kat fi'lEtX,VE rew<; of; l'tEQ(."WO'r] n:OAfIlOV .6 mJVOAO tij; ~7tftgwnxiis; 'AoLa; XLVOVVEUE va xaeEi: Yla tL; 'HYWI-1-EVE;: ITOA(.tElE;. T6 o£u'£Q~ xmUQyoUOE to nug'r]Ylx6 uovonOOA(.Q .wv 'HVUJ!lEVWV TIofi.t"tELWv, Jtov w; .O'E dxav O"C'r]QlXtet n;avUJ rou Yla va aVT(.ma6IlLoo1JV .~ ewot"X'r] QV())'"CEQ01;'r]TU OTa «xJ:aotXa» O:tAo:. 'H U!J.EQtXUVlX'r] Ctn:I'W1;'r]OI] m;tJv XQTux''r]0ll .~;: Ktva; 1l.av .0 AEyOIJ.EVO BOQftom:AaV"tLx6 :EuWPOJvo , noV urrOYQCt.lfltllXE rov 'AllQLA'r] roii 1949. 'Q;: nQo; w{,; "tun:ov;, .0 mJllrpwvO au.o bEy ltag?Vo(a1;E rtrtotu XUlVOVglO: EltLXUQUlVE .~v ailE- Q(,X6.VlK'r] TjYEI-1-OVla, :t01) l']wv YEyov6;: ano ,0 1942 xtOA.a;: )tal OQt~E ~ta «Ctnaeo:tJiamll» 1;wVl"j reo{' ta o'llvogu t'r];: ~.av yvwma ano xmgo. T6 :EvlJ.tl'wvo !J.1tOQOiiOE v' o.JtoXtll0Et oUYA.£xQ(.IlEvO ;n:EQ('EXOIlEVO 1l0VO 1lE. .ov EnavfsorrAWl-1-0 ttDV xwewv nov au!J.[.lETfLxaV a' ain:o xat j.tE ,.ov xaeOQlO~ !-((.ae:; (J1_'vEJtoii~ xai OeBOAOYlX~; mQaTIjytxf);:. Kal i) JtaQCl!.ltxQ~ UlJ.qJLOOALu va un~QXf naV!)) 0' mho O"C~v agxT!, ow).UB'r]XE 1-1-f; -rljv exQ'r]S'r] tii; QWOlXll; CtW!J.lXft;: 66l-ltSa; .6 xaAoxaiQL tOU 1949. AVTIt £baSE rrw; Su £"'QEJtE EVOEX0[.lEvw;: va CtTILI-1-E1;wnwtoVv ot PWOOL m6 ngaY[.lmLx6 nE8io wu 6AOXA'r]-

llumxoii JtOAEI-l0U, XL Oxt oro 1:pav.amlx6 nd'lLo toU ltOAEI-1-0U "(;{iw xou!!ttui)v' tet XOUJ.mla o£oma auvEXl~av VU n:oUan;Aaotli~ov.at, CtAM. ~J.1toQOVOCtv l'tlCt va naT'r]6ouv XL a."'IO .LS; &v6 flEQtfS; tof olo'r]Qoii :ltaea- 1I:nuoIlCt.O;:.

• AUo 61-1we:; ~'rav i) bwnLmWOT) aU.oii wu yeyovow; xa(.6 m.I!J.ltE(lao!J.r:t 6u l:tQa xgfLa~o.av eva;: n:A1')Q'r];: E;n:avESonAwf.I6s;, xal l:t},.AO va OQlmEi [.l£ axg(OELa xa( OUYKExQllJ.£Va, I-1-Eoa me;: OE{)OIlEvE; auvB~x£e:; rof Ct!-(EQtXaVtXOU «ouvcoruouou», flta mQa''r]YLx~ erplxof) xaL arronAWfl(1"{;tx1j. T6 ~'r],mJI1E-vo mh6 ~,av tote xaC nO:Qa!livEL, on;w;: 6a ooiillE, 6ovvCt"{;0 yta.o CtlJ.fQtXCtVlXO !-1-l"t}..6x. ·Orewe:; xat va 'vat, 6 «XAaOtKOe:;» EnaVESOnAloI10;:, :ltOv O'Xorro IlLXf va avuma61-lLoft t~V anwAna toii rr"l'Q'r]vtXOu [.lovo;n:wAiov .wv 'Af1.EQlX6.VWV, sllxiVT)OE TItv l:tvotS'r] wii 1950. 0[ Ctvn8EoELe:; xal lj EOWUgtX1j MUVal-1-la oft;: XmamaOl]; wu Q[.lEQLXCtvLXOU j.t:rr},.6x Ctn06E£X1;l]xav 8.uv TOv 'Ioirvio wu 1950 ot BOQELOxoQEa.£;: eloioO:Aav oof) N6na KOQEa. I'i' C'tf..},.1l flla cpogu WtO- 8Elxv6tav n:oo;: 01 PWOOL llJIoQooaav nav.ou va oeouv I-1-EOW ruAWv JtQo(J(on:WY xa( va xe'r]OlflOnOloiiv .0 buValltx6 tWY nEQlOXwv nou ~Afyxav, EvW ol 'AI-1-EQtxavOL ,0 uovo noo ~.av 1xavoi va O~OOiJV ~.av xcm xaeEO"tw.a avoQfLKEAWV, nO"u yXQE[.li~OV1;av Il£ .6 rrewtQ .eav.aY!la. Tav.6XQova ol ' Aj.tfQtXaVOl Ij.av UltOXgEW!-(£VOl, yta va IlT]V xmaQQE{'on .EAIlLW;.O 1)etXO "tou auvaom0l-l0u roix, va E.rcEj.I!Jaivovv !-(E .L; 8tXE; roix ovva!J.Et;: xaL va OiXono;t ~ l-1-ax'r] oro EOUqJO; xai ",t .ooe:; :rtfQtOQlO[.lOUe:; nou £:rt£oaME 6 txBg6;. 'Y<tEOTIjOav ~TIEe:; yt6 !ttO; 6A6xA'r]Q'r] 1I:fQL080 xat Xma1:pEQav vu SavaxEQoloOUV ,0 Xa[.lEVO €ba- 1:po;: I-IOVO 5.av !J.:rtAiX"t'r]xav oa9t6: 0' Evav xAaOlxo :lt6AfI-1-0, orov 6Jto~n acpt£Qwouv .0. :xaMtEQa mQun:ullma 1tOU olESnav.

'H XtV£~lX'r] O,v.ErrElloUOT), nEQLOQi~oTIas; olma toil; 'A[.lEQtXUvou;: yVQw orov 380 1tUgw..A'r]AO, an:oonXvE nwr;, anoLO xt av ~.av.o a[.lf(!LXaVtXO buva!-(txo Iil; nQ6r; £Va !tEMovnx6 lt6AIll-lO ~ ma tMcp'r] "tOu Kriegspiel -, !WAte:; nOV ~OQOUOIl v6. n:aQaoYEl [.tE to ouval-ltXO nilV avumiAwv oro 110vo 1tOAEf.lO 1tOU ts oQWI-lOU EXEt oTJl-1-aoLu, O'r]AflO~ otov n:6AE1-1-0 toti afjl-1-llQa xat 0"10 £oaqJor; nou EmoiiMEt 6 avtL1ta}"o;. 'An6bEtxvE- t1l:lO'r]; n:ooo O"1fVCt ~.av .0; ogw .wv E:t:t<QEll,WV I-lEta6oAWV oof) Ol][.tfQtvf} flOtQaOtu rof xoouou, of) mlWTJ ltO{' xaVEt.; arrtl .ovr; uV"tl:rtaAov;: o£v urcoooucc v6. OEX.EL of)v WtWAElCt £v0S; fO"CW xut tAaXlma OT)I-Iavtlxou tOCr.1:pove:;. To 1952 ~YWE YQf)yoQa qJCtVEgo noo.; 0 ltOAE[.lOr; Tij;: KOQ£a;: XmEA1JYE oE oolES060, Xl on xal ol Mo avt£n:aAm ~tUY E.Oq.lOt va auS~oouv .(; n:eOOn:a6EtE;: tOue:; xa( va [.tnayayovv nEetOOO'EQE::; ouva[.tftS; tn,,6ltov wmE v6. Ilf)v ·6noxwe~aouv. To I)CA'r]!-Il-ta rrou EllJIat VE oof)v ne6:1;'r] ~"tuv: yevlxfvOl] ~ O"ta!lu'll[.la.

• OO},.f,UXO O"tQuTIlYt.xo «t."';1 ';QU!tE~['{)" JtUtXV£Ot !tOU X(l1l(llf.lo!totfITOL yu't 0.- 0)(1)0"1] OT(.; oxo}"f~ :tOAfIlOV CLt.M.).

122

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6tv t7tQOXH"tO Yl<X 1iq:'T]QT](..tEVO bO'l]!l!l(I !l(1 'lui ouo l'tQaY!lm;LXE~ taOW;, TOUAaXLO,OV Ct7tO TIl I1EeLa tOU a!lEetXaV~XOtJ l,.utEQLaALOl1m'· ,0 btno6bLo M6.x ~ AQtlouQ t6 !:'ions'" <H J1oA.mx~ l'tOU ai)'t:6~ EXltQootolTOVOE ~EXLvoiioE altO ,~v o.VUyvW(HOlj tof £~~~ 6AocpaVEQOU YE'(OVOLO~: on oro mQa-CLOmxo flTt:TtI':OO bEY !-,JW(lOiiOE va ooee[ xal1ui A.uOlj 01:0V l't6)'_EiJ.O ,i')>; KOQEa; &.v oi 'A).lEQlx6.VOt bE XQ'l0l!-'oJtotoiioav !lutLxu t6. !lfoa nou {lLE8erav 'It&. va ennE8o":)v ~v lTl]'fll rii; avt(JtCtA% Mva[lY);, oy)Aa6fJ Ct.v 01: 60[lOagi'lltaV, 'Ita aQX~, "tll'MaVt"touQta. To em aU1:0 e6. JtQoS£VOVOE'~ /-lotlX"r] umivTljOlj ,Wv KLVE"sWY, 01:0 lEQj.ta nit; oJto(u~ oQLaxo-rav ~ '(£YLX£UOlj toii l'tOA.EI-lOV, ~tav ox£OOv OLYOVQO' XL avto ~,ay to Ol]!lfIO onou i) OtEvT) OLgU1:WI1LXf) A.oytxij mu Max "Ag8ovg I-lE'U1:QEJt6tctV oE XQ£LtvwfLO, o.v oXEqrtQv!-tE ,i; avYXEXgLfltYE; OVYe~XE; ni; OLlYfl~;. 'H M CtYUXAT)Ol] 'au Max" Ag80vQ ano rov Tgo{'!-Iuv &..n:OOELXVE mb; 6 a/-l£gLX(tvLxo; L,",,;:EQLa),Lo~; Mv ~,av &xo!-La &QL!lO; 'lui yEYbt£L'Ol] 1:OU ;rWA£I-l0v xaL bdOl]; JtW~ XL 6 11')W~ 6 OUtLXO~ tJtUVESOJtALOj.t6~ 1tEQvoiioE oaela. XetOlj. Av,i] i) xg(Olj t:av 0.).tEQLXCtVLXO'U !l7tAO'X, xatw dn6 ,i]v Jt[£01] rorv ObWVO!lLXOOV xa( XOLYWVLXOOY avtdJ£OEWY, xatl6£lLoE iioY) cm6 ,0 1952 t"~ oxmxi) OLgO~ Lf); xatama01]~, lUli O'1:£loq;1] uou Et-t£ME ya Y(VEl «x61-1« !lEyctA.U'EQ1J to 1953, ('hav cWioxaAucpt'l]XE ]too.:; xal ,0 QWOlXO t-t7tAOX ,:'ILEOXd;E IJ,la t1;i- 001) aaeta x£l[01].

(J:~UJtl;IO'OlJ!lE €!lEt~; Elvm q:av1OQo Jtw<; IJ,La tEWla YQalJ.!l'lj ea XQEL«~Orrrv hay btavE~o;tALO!l6 fv'Et..W; oLacpoQE,LXi'j; xt..L/-laxet<;, Jtoo eCi ~IJ.mvf YfVlX'lj XLV1]tOJtOLl]OTj ni<; oixovouiu; xat 1:0V n:Ay)e'llO!lOU tv o\j)El tounoAf!l-0v. 'Ex,o; &',0 'ti]v Jtot..ttLXT) aD't'va!lia £cpaQ!l~; evo<; ,etOtO'll n:QooaVatoALO!-loi:, ~ crvyXEXQL/-lf:vrJ nE£lLooo, xa:tL thOLO ea !J11IJ.aLV" cpvolxa CtIJ.EOl] nQoaxAl]Ol] JtQo; tOV; Pdxrouc vo. umEOoiJv UfLEOltl;, JtQowii va n:£lOxwQi]OEL (Jta oooaQCt aV'T) i) nQoE,Ol!lUo(a.

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To tJl]IJ.ClvtLXU xugaxL1]QLOtlXU tf); O1:QUUlYLxf)<; xu,6.OLaOTj~ ul'tb til OX07tLa nilv 'A)1.EQLXaVQlV £lvctt ,a ESi');: ol PWOOl 1'lLa6E,Ovv OljlJ.llvn· x1] X£Qoa(a OUVa!ll) (1:~; TOSY); tillv 150 w; 200 l-l£gctgXLWV), OTllv 6no(u n()!~l'tEl va 1tgooeEOOV!l£ toU; O1:Quwu; tillv oO£luq:,oQwv ,OU~ aniv E~" £lwJtrr xui ,ov xlvE~Lxo O1;g«te. Q[ (lvvaIJ,H; O:V,E; £i'ixOA.fl flO. "utooo(l. OUV vu 6L1tAUOLUO"TOUY ~ vn TgWAUOLUO'toiiv OLL<; A.i'(E<; fMnl&dl6'1 ;eQiv Xctt !lELa ttjv £xQ't1Sl] roil JtOAE!lOU. 'EsaAAotJ, Tj ,onoHhT)OY'j aO,illy ,wv bt1Va)1.EWY &; JtQOS; ~ OULlXi] EuemJtl], ,i]v 'Eyyu~ KG' ~ M€Ol] 'AVCtl:OAtj xa( ,i] vonOOU'tlX~ 'Aote elvm tftOlfl, !'tOll bccm60 ~ovv €V ovva!J,H Jtavw a' av,E; ,[0; l'tEQLOXfo;, OJtoL' 6(li(Jx~tOl ,:6 Iva tgi 1:0 rof J£ayxo0t-tLOV JtAy)6wIJ,0i!, i) U7tOAOlJtl], £Xto<; an() tTrv 4.., Xa.YLXy), OLO,LLy)Xav(U LOU O't"lXOU j.tlTAOX xaew; xa( Olj!lavuX~r; nOlln'1 UAES; (JtH£lgAUto, xct01nOO{IX, xaOOL 1:£120; x,A.). 0 [ O-Uvt'qw<; nOl', 1&110- " (lEI va. JtctQmaSEt CmElJe£ia; CmEvavu mou; PWOOV; 'til a!ll'lllXt.ty~NO 1l:IA6x dvat ao{'yxgLLa mb [tLXgE~ (yuQw mt; JtEVtjVta !lr[)(jQx{r~ '1:6 avcimeo), hill ~ xU£llct b1O;alJ.EVtl (ol <HV(l)!lEvE; nOAmtE<;) tll,lioxll'ta, fiax9Lu &n:o ,a XU£lLa eEaLgu £1tLxng{joEwv. ME a-tILE; tL; {1l'v(hlXf~, ~ xa-cuAl]'\j!l] UVeWV tlOv l'tE£lLOXWV al'tO lOU; Pcooou; OE 1tfQin'wI011 )'(oU· UO't' dVal OUGlU01:lxa o EOaLl] , xai ro ltA£OVEXL1]!la )tau 9' a)'(oxWi)I1f1V ~'Ol 0' Eva !-laxQO",(govLO :I6AEfiO 8a ~tClv ulto<:paow,lx6,

To JtVQl]YlXO !lOVOJtWAW tlOV 'AIJ,E£llxavWY !l7tOgOi:'Of v{t f'.';ltHlll(lO;!t£t ~v XUTa01:!1Ol], acpou, i1v ot <HVW!lEVE; flOALTEtE<; ~'1:()(>\lf'oUV v(i ngoxaAEOOVV ~v JtuQ1JV1Xtl XUtUOtgO(pi] rof QWOLXO't' f,)uq::lm<;. to 0\')" OLetOL1XO ).tEQO; tillY i'wvall£wV ,0'[0 o.vataAly.oV fIJt/l.bx fJa X(n('ll{_)IT I'm'

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'Arro ~ OL1Y!ltl jWU i!YlVE cpavEQo ,0 O't'QatWlLLXO &61Esooo onlv KOQfCl, Tj aVtLO£laOTj £vcivna (J' aln6 rov n6A.E!-,o aQXtoE va uii~uVE'taL YQtlyo£lu 01:(; 'Hvw[.iivf; IIoAt'tEL£;. <0 l'tagaA.OYlot-tO; IJ,I,ao; xacaO'ta- 01]; o;rwtJ ot O1:l1aLWllfvOl oxo torvovcnv yvi Eva ti:Iota xed XWQ(; a- 7toteAEO!J,a fYlV£ fSOq:>eW..LLO; yui u1 Afllxi) 1J.6:l;;a· ~JttOT); t;6cpeaA!-!o~ f'yLVE ,000 yt' uv,~ 800 XUL '(to. 1:i]v Ct/-lEQLXaYlx't1 ,LlLxQoaO'tLxij 'O:SYJ, oJtwc; xa( YlCt OlJlluVtLXa tf1i]f.tU"Ca '11; a01:lx'ii; ,6:;~c;, 0 JtaQaAOYLOj.w; 'OU ausflV0f.tEVOV oa(lov<; ,mv O1:gct1:lwnxwv oa.;'tavwy, Jtou O:QXLtav va OAE1COVV on bE XQT]Oi!-,EV(tV oE 1:(no,a Ol'touDai:o. Elvm YVWOl:O l'tell; av,o to £lEU!la ni; xm\'~; yvwJ.t% E1tat;E xaeoQlIJ'tlXO QOAO Ottj v(xl] rorv £lEJtOtJj.tltAlXaV()J'\l to NOE!lOeT] wii 1952.

'0 JtaQayovta; u{',6~ unoxH:t€L QAO 1:01.1 ,0 oa.Qo~ at OVOXfLlO!lO !A£ Ti)V eow'£QLxi] aouvuQtl)oia tiio; JtO)"l1:Lxf); LOU mUYEs0JtAW!loU, OJ1W<; '~V dxav OllAMoH xa[ frpaQ!-l60EL ((;ItO 1:0 1950-1951. Lt ,L ,.utO£lOi:'OE va OtOXEUEL; L'tO va JtgOHOl!l(WH enlXa tOY JtOAE!-IO, ~O'W xa( !l£ n')v l'tOAl1:LO/-lEvl] EYVOLa taU show down -Cl£i:StE ,a XUQua oa>;- ,wv &!l1O('oxuvwv 6Y)ftOOlOYQuq;wv, ill; n'r O1:tYfLfJ nou ~ 8.U01], OnAlO!l£vy) w; ta b()vna, ea ,-""Ogovof vO::'tEL OLOUr:; PWOO'tlo;: e' au,Oinov~OE'£ fj va au;

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8. MtAwvtu£ yla Tijv a1'n:0rtutoitOlllO'Tl onj PEVO 6 IEQ~ KoM~" tfxvmo; ~Q'lom:«<:JtO\l, 1if)}..:'.o}O'C oi >l~U O\Eevf) ouv&'uox.&'IIl'l) nOll 6\T1a-v~~ 6.."10 TilV E'_:'Qw:ora~l<lj 'EwIQE£a n«QaY<J)YLx01:11'u.;: «Oi WQf£ EQyaola; oli !Juw61]xa'l1<ai oll:gyut€; tmv a-QtO'!Ja'[OlwLll!JEvWV t!-lllflu'twv, iJ.v XUt ltAllgwVO'lfl:m ).,iyo xw,utEQa, oev E[ornQctsuv ta ;tAWvEl<Tf),ll.0.W n:o{' hV6.YYE).. vcv 01 n:Q0tpii ts £ Tii ~ auwJ.luto:orOl1]01lS. 'H o...'t0WNuJall 1:0U EQya'll m1\ I-IEO'I1 ho; n:O},UltAOl<ol.l OlJVOA.OU ""l1X«'VWv fl1toQ€~ va £XH 006uQOtaH; EltmtWOE\; xa! vd E-vt£LVEl t1\v "0.rravf.!QW;to:rwLllO'l1" tij; E(nu.oia~, 1tOU YLvE'tm O:l<Ofla nto aLothjTlj, 1£atlwS &_ ;toumU~El xa..'tOWS b:i;tovo; (l'w'_'a'tlx6; "oX60£» (Mril'r:OHJUQ FxovciQvr:wv, 18 1:OU Mal] 1956).

Y. BA.. :tu'Vw 0' mho, otO 'tcilX. 23 tOU :E. 1 B. «[10. 'to ltfQl£)(6!J€'V0 toii (JODlaAlOflOii» OEA. 84 ro; 125 eH ndQa tol! Egyo.nxol! ,,;tvrJ.Uo.w£, 2, OEA.. 9 ws 63).

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5. To on Ehat bvoxoA.o '1'0 6Qtotfi J.l1: uxg£ouu <it noto bTmEbo 1'-ioo&'ljp,U'to£ 6Q£~OVtat auta ta oUVO(lu Mv fltl1Q£(i~£t xa60A.o\l njv LOX,ti aimi~ tij£ tnu:tLOtw01jS. 650 <pQuyxa 1;0 !J1]'V!;( mlj rai.A.iu tou 1959 dvm «U'IjI1]AOS» ii «XOfll1AO£" flwBoS; nu'l't~ dvm oarpw; Jtovw 1m' ulnu ltot! l<Eg<JltEt ~ JtA.E1,.O'IjIlltpla tw'V "wBwtWv onj ruMLa. "A; (lLUOaOEt 6 TouQa['V, mo 'E~7'Qi<; riis 811; 'tOii FevcQll 1959, ]t'w£ ~El Xa,'lOlO; ,_.€ rov "{'\~1l)..6 J.ltaeo» 'tuw 650 'fQayxwv 'to "ijva. 'AflEQ~1£o.VOI. olxovo"O'A&,(ot xett XotvwvcoA6yo~ OUfl<Pmvou'V atl\ OlU1t(OtW!lTj 1': (il £ oE 5A 1] 1:1\v yllaf'(l. €looo'll fla1wv :n:ou EXtE C VE'ta~ <:mo 'tLS 2.000 w; t L~ 20.000 (loMeta t6 )(QOVO', ot XataYuAW1:f; f,!OUV OO'ouQo ltQooAl1J.1a omv ~swoQQO;t1]O'T) tOU ltQoiixowyw-'_'oii roue, To 1948 45,6% xai to 1949 47,5 % 'tWv Ot~OYEVEldrv m(s 'HVW""Ev££ noA.~ui€; dxav fl1](lEVtX1\ ~ UQV1]tl1£'Ij Ct.'!01:a!lb€IKIl] -O'lA.uoi) iLxuv a-Usl\a£t "t'Ij XQEWml '(01}; 1!.(:no. n\, tnaQ1{£la 'to'-:- "t.Qovou. EA. Statistical Abstract of the u.s., 1951, oU. 265 XUl 268.

6. 'H o.nirpaO'l1 aou n:~QL€xeL ~ «<lvO(lO; tou OLOtJ.XOU rnwtfOou», on:WS 10- l'JluQ\lot,el(j.~ mo oUYXQO"Vo 'A:CtJt\."tuAI.IJ",,6, aQxC"-n '/<3. '/(VE1;Ul «Vtl}..lllt"t'lj am to\is lOlOU; 'tOu; umoll; l(lEGA.cY/ou;' ngl)>". Ylit :tUQUOfl y"a 'tb tEJ...nnaio 0,,0)..(0 w-u' Uf1$QlXUVO'IJ O'l1WvO'_'OAOYOU K. r1£uAf'J'tgu.il]6, The Affluent Society, 1958. Ti) mlY'_'~ auof] l'!La)..t'roUv,l:pUOtXU ol UQ~01:EQO( .."WJ..m OtC\'>\lOllJ.l'eVO\, ::n:cN dVUl 1tcivt01:€ m:ljv alX)l'lj til; :tQoo<'lou, Ylli v' avuxaAu'IjIOuv 'tit xaAa tiis ou !-l!-lEtoXii£ onjv xorvrovtu "Eow 1:ij; uvo<'lou tOU otOtL1£OU E;tll'tEOoU. Ma.Mov ~ xa61.'mi:Ql1- o'Ij wu; w£ n:QOS l:'IjY (,,01:tx'lj a1(£'IjI1] d'VUL ~xd VI'] ltOV 1;0{,; 1{aVH LxUVO(iS va O(vouv flaflf)flu'ta ato 1tQoA.€taQL<ito. [~a nj'V xalu<J'tQo<:p'lj xue£ Aai:xii; Ul'flrtEToxiis m1\v 1tOA.I.'ttU~ tij; xCUtltaA.l.<J'tll<ii; "ll!1OxQu'tLa; xaL njv xatciQQ€1}01j 1U)V o.SLWv avti'is tii; xotvwviuS, 6J...f;tE'tci 8au""aCli.a l<El:pMal.U ,/H fla~tx1\ XOlVW'1[a» xui ,,'H o.vWtEQl1 uV1')6tx6Tr]w» 01:0 The Power Elite (1956) wii K. PUtt MiA.AS" XOLYWVlOA.OyOU 10lQ" plao"'('4'1'~Q

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'Alto tijv aMTj !-LEQta, Of O\Jvo/"'UtT] EmmEQtxT] EJtEvOUOTj 1tayLOu XEqJaAaLOU 4.577 fiG-a-tOfJ,.!-l1JQtWV otEQAtVWV to 1961, ta l.799 exatOIlJlUQta -1040% l1:EQWtOU- CtVu1tQoOtlmruav n1V f1tEv6uOTj tOO xQatou; ~ twV 0T])1.0OLWV EnLXELQ1)OEWV [av1'61J., nLvaxE; 1 xat 48].

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T6 1963 mij MEya/...1] BQE'tCfViCf to xQcXto<; xui ol oQyuvlo!-L6i roo [m)vl);"tof...oy£1;OV1:ct<; tt; to1tLxtr; aQXE<; xat 't6 6LEU8uvtlxO JtQoowmxo 'nov EeVlXOJtOL1][1EVWV EJtlXELQ1l0EWV ilia o'X,t xai t(<; evoJtAEr; ouva!lEt;] MacrxoAOUl7aV 5.250.000 O:tOlla. A1ho CtvtLJtQOOWJtEUEl 25% JtEQ(Jtou tT]<; cruVOAL xijr; cmaOXOATjOT)'; XUL IJ.1tOQEt va ouYXQL8Et u' €-vav

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186

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'Axo!lu xat atL<; 'HVW!lEVE<; IToAttEtE;, onou lj OLXOVO!lLXlj nOALtLxi] tij£ j(QoE6Qia; 'ALSfVXUOUEQ Or)f,llOUeYllOE ~l(i 6uVf]"Uxlj atUOL!lOtl]tU tfj; o[xovo!-lla; YLCr: 0Xtr.b xeOVLa, XL onou yiVE'tUl aLo!h]ti] 11 bti6eaOf] 1:ij<; ygljyogT); ngo06ou wu mhoflunoj.toii [ngoA, :tuQaxthw], Tj UVEQyia ~'ta..v xmo. !doo ago 4,6% &'VUV£Ou OT.a. 1946 "Kut cn:a. 1962, 11£ !lEytOtl] n!llj 6,8% 'to 1958. MrtoQoiiflE vo. OUYXgLVOUj.l.E 'tOv<; CtQLSJ.lOU; utrrov; !l£ ,£; 6w XU!1UVOEt; 'toii rcooootof aVEQyia; nQiv ano tOV noAEflO O'ti; 'Hv{)}flEVE; IIOAL'tELE;, nou matl;E o:no 'to 3,3% ['to 1929, XQOV\U ti'j; "KQi01J £] atO 25 % tij; tQyaOLuKi'j<; Mva!-ll]; [to 1933], ' Axo!la xat 1:0 1940, XQOVtu loxueij<; «o.vaXUf,ltl'1];» xui ltOAEfltxi'j;neOEtotfluoia;, Tj aVEgyio ll'tav CtXO!lU 10% [01.., Ew"ftcTtlxlj 'EJ!HIJeiJa twv 'Hvcauevosv 'E(jvo;v 1963, II[va1(a; 10].)

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