ANALYSIS OF POEM

TITLE: Hawk Roosting AUTHOR: Ted Hughes SUMMARY: The poem shows us the pictures of dictators, the attitudes and minds. in the poem, we hear the dictator say,\'it took the whole the of creation to produce my foot, my each feather but now i hold creation in my foot \'. he continues to say he flies it up and kills where he pleases. The above quotation, of course, shows the kind of leaders we have today. After we have made them leaders, they tend to brutalize us forgetting that we made them what they are. The dictator crowns his behaviour by saying, \"my legs are locked upon the rough bark \" this creates a picture of a padlock used to lock up a prison room. Hence, making us believe that there is nothing that can remove him from power. The firmness of his grasp of the power can be seen in the use of the word 'rough¶. The word rough, scientifically, shows high friction. THEME:
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The ³Hawk Roosting´ revolves around one key idea, control. Control is evident through various aspects of the poem and is a key factor of the theme.

MORAL VALUE
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we should appreciate the nature we should take responsibility towards the peo ple

STRUCTURE:
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first point of view (using letter ³I´) the poem has six stana 4 line each stanza

tearing off heads LITERARY DEVICES: y y y Irony = Now I hold Creation in my foot Personification = the earth's face upward for my inspection.RHYME: y stanza 1 (abc). Symbolize = Now I hold Creation in my foot LANGUAGE: y The language of the poem seems to come from a cultivated person. stanza 2 (abcd). stanza 3 (abcd). . stanza 6 (abac) TONE: hard and brutal MOOD: about the nature. as if the hawk had a great deal of wisdom and knowledge. stanza 5 (abcd). as if it had always been there. y The language used is high and difficult to understand . stanza 4 (abac).

the other bird is surrounded by his 'bars of rage' in complete captivity. So the bird can only imagine what freedom might be outside. y the separation between the colours of people¶s skin in everyday life MORAL VALUE: y y y We must appreciate peace and freedom that we have We must tolerate others to live in harmony We should avoid discrimination bet ween others people STRUCTURE: y y y Third person point of view Have six stanza For the first three stanzas. THEME: y The hardship of living oppression. 'His wings are clipped and his feet are tied'. The poem is an allegory for the enslavement of the black people who clamour for freedom but remain under the yoke of the white people. it has 7 line. This poem shows that she wants all of what is inside of her but she can¶t seem to show all of her because she feels like part of her is stuck behind a cage. the rest is 4 line and last stanza have 8 line. and the other half of her is free and shows. She wants to show her other things but her wings are 'clipped' and her 'feet are tied'. refer to s ocial discrimination in term of poet¶s life. and he's got only his song to express his dashed hopes for freedom. There are two contrasts: one bird is free and can do whatever he pleases.ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings AUTHOR: Maya Angelou SUMMARY: The author feels like a part of her is left behind a cage and hidden. .

RHYME SCHEME: irregular rhyme and free verse TONE: jealous. sky (freedom) Personification = giving human characteristics to an inanimate object y y y µso he opens his throat to sing¶= bird is chips not sing µfree bird sings¶ = human sings µthrough the sighing trees¶ = trees does not sign Alliteration = µcan seldom see¶ ± repetition of consonant µS¶ Hyperbole = µhe names the sky his own¶ ± the sky can¶t be owned Symbolized = - Caged = human who be oppress I free = white people In caged = black people LANGUAGE: y The language had loading the moment with emotion so it is easier to understand and determine the theme. not satisfied with the situation MOOD: sorry for the caged bird LITERARY DEVICES: y y Allegory = sun rays (comfort). . angry.

can stop us in our tracks and make us feel powerless. will never give up and that we have it in ourselves to overcome this "fallen tree". as humans. Obviously there is something other than the human¶s ability to overcome obstacles implied in this piece. Possibly Frost has acknowledged peoples tendency to stray from their goals and aspirations.ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: On a Tree Fallen Across the Road AUTHOR: Robert Frost SUMMARY: This poem is about the human¶s ability to overcome obstacles. After years of striving and searching and "aimlessly circling in one place" we as human beings find a new object of desire and simply "steer straight off after something into space. THEME: the main theme is about effort to overcome obstacles of daily life which is life. and love. 4 line each stanz a RHYME: the rhyme maintain which is (abab) except for the last stanza (aa) TONE: enthusiasm (high level of spirit MOOD: spiritual and amazing ." Frost may have may be implying that we. nature. MORAL VALUE: y y y We have to has a high spirit to face the problem We need to be brave enough to faced the obstacle Some obstacles aren¶t easy to over come but it can be done. this test or obstacle placed in front of us. STRUCTURE: first point of view. it have 4 stanzas.

The meaning is very deep which is quite hard to understand. .LITERARY DEVICES: y Symbolize y y y Crash of wood = to show the nature and the obstacle Foot of snow = challenges for the poet Seize the earth = impossible for poet to control nature or environment The tree = to show the poet is a leader to control environment Space = to show the effort of the poet is no solution or infinity Oxymoron = µhidden in us to attain¶ ( refer to his wife suffer breast cancer) Hyperbole = µseize earth by the pole¶ (quite impossible to own the earth) Metaphor = µtree the tempest with a crash of wood¶ LANGUAGE: y The language is simple but meaningful.

Sadie and Maud. What the poem reveals through the life of Sadie hints at the true source of happiness. success is not solely based on going to college. choices. but lives a happy life. it doesn't mean you won't have a fulfilling life y We should made a right choices in our life because it will change our future . Sadie makes what society may consider poor choices. but instead. Sadie is an iconoclast. it is more basic than that. the one with a seemingly propitious future. that often grabs attention. It is about choosing a simple domestic life and having a career. THEME: y the main theme is about the protest against the limited opportunities available to African American woman in the society presented y Life. However. the college graduate. The poem follows the lives of two women. MORAL VALUE: y Although we may be staying home. and happiness. is a didactic poem about life. Success is simply being happy. and the less than sanguine. She proves that ultimately. ends up with a bleak and lonely life. choices and happiness. it is the bitter and sad. She dispels the spurious notions that society has on what it takes to be successful. The poem ends on a bitter and sad note.ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: Sadie and Maud AUTHOR: Gwendolyn Brooks SUMMARY: ³Sadie and Maud´ by Gwendolyn Brooks. Maud. it is not solely based on doing what is expected. and whether or not the choices made are the sole contributors to that end.

15 deal with Sadie and only 5 deal with Maud. stanza 5 (aaaa) TONE: the poet doesn¶t make serious depress. stanza 2 (abcb). µbrown¶ Sound = µSadie said her last so -long¶ Touch = µscraped life¶ and µwith a fine toothed comb¶ Metaphor = µis a thin brown mouse¶ Hyperbole = µnearly died of shame¶ LANGUAGE: y The language is simple and very easy to understand. MOOD: happy and sad. stanza 4(abba). It just like telling a story but contain meaningful moral value. . stanza 3 (abab). RHYME SCHEMA: y stanza 1 (aaab).STRUCTURE: y 3rd persona point of view (Sadie and Maud). LITERARY DEVICES: y Imagery y y Sight = µthin¶. 20 lines that form the poem. contain 4 quatrain stanzas and one sestet stanza.

the poet presents the readers on how the nature -the rain. 3 rd stanza (3lines). affect the animals and people. 5th stanza (3lines) . The power of nature can be seen by the way it affect the reaction of the animals and human. This can also be concluding that it is the power of nature that helps men to survive. Poet describes that scenery with the description of the reaction of the plants and animals and the human re act towards the rain that comes suddenly. 2nd stanza (8 lines). This can be seen by the men need t he rain to continue their planting of paddy to sustain the life and living of the men. THEME: y y Power of nature Dependence of men on nature for survival MORAL VALUE: y y We should appreciate the nature because its give many benefits for us We should happy with all the benefits that we get from the Power of the nature. 4 th stanza (5lines).ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: The Rain AUTHOR: Muhammad Haji Salleh SUMMARY: From the poem. STRUCTURE: y y y Second persona point of view The poem have five stanza 1stanza (5 lines).

From this sentence from the poem. From this sentence we can see the traits of alliteration which is the repetition of 6 times of the consonant ³t´ in one sentence y Intonation = Full of hope and grateful LANGUAGE: y Easy to understand and the words are simple.RHYME SCHEMA: y abcde-1st stanza. abcdefgh-2nd stanza. it contain five vowel ³o´ which is the traits of assonance that with the repetition of the same vowel in the same sentence y Alliteration = µThe rain fell and we tted their praying throats¶. we can indicate that the poet assume that the rains is alive that they can move around. abc-3rd stanza. From here. He looked out into the sheet of rain¶. abcde-4th stanza. The m eaning is not complicated and poet use nature so that we could understand directly towards the meaning. . the mid-year padi rains¶. abc5th stanza TONE: y y Impressed-by the power of nature Excited-because finally it¶s raining MOOD: Happy-because the rain saves them from drought LITERARY DEVICES: y Personification = µSuddenly they came. y Assonance = µWater has come.

´ the memory flashes u pon ³that inward eye / That is the bliss of solitude. The dancing. ³and dances with the daffodils. the daffodils outdid the water in glee. fluttering flowers stretched endlessly along the shore. and though the waves of the lake danced beside the flowers. For now.´ THEME: y Nature¶s beauty uplifts the human spirit MORAL VALUE: y Living a life as rich in experience and sensation as would make a life worth living y we should appreciate the nature STRUCTURE: y y y First point of view Contains four stanzas Six lines each .´ and his heart fills with pleasure.ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: I WANDERED LONELY AS A CLOUD AUTHOR: WILLIAM WORDSWORTH SUMMARY: The speaker says that. he encountered a field of daffodils beside a lake. wandering like a cloud floating above hills and valleys. Th e speaker says that a poet could not help but be happy in such a joyful company of flowers. He says that he stared and stared. whenever he feels ³vacant´ or ³pensive. but did not realize what wealth the scene would bring him.

Alliteration: When all at once (line 3). LANGUAGE: Incredibly rich in language and resonates on so many levels through a subject of remembering . y y y y Alliteration: gol den Daffodils (line 4). beneath the trees. (line 1) Alliteration: high o'er vales and Hills (line 2). Personification/Metaphor: Compari son of daffodils to dancing humans (lines 4. the joy and happiness of living an adoring and fulfilling life. Alliteration: Beside the Lake. y y y Personification: Comparison of the cloud to a lonely human." but the tone of the poem quickly becomes joyful. LITERARY DEVICES: y Simile: Comparison (using as) of the speaker's solitariness to that of a cloud (line 1). (Note that the w and o have the same consonant sound. embracing it for every drop of nectar it could so bring.) Personification/Metaphor: Comparison of daffodils to a crowd of people (lines 3-4).RHYME SCHEME: ababcc for all the stanzas TONE: The poem may begin on a somewhat sad note when the speaker claims that he "wandered lonely as a cloud. 6). MOOD: Light-hearted dance.

. Three lines per stanza Last stanza. . calm tone MOOD: Sweet feeling of love. just a line. RHYME SCHEME: In this poem there is no specific rhythm or rhyme pattern TONE: In telling a story." THEME: Unexpected death MORAL VALUES: y y y We should accept the death in calm We should calm in whatever situation We should love our family STRUCTURE: y y y y First point of view Eight stanza. sad of the death . " The boy is "embarrassed / By old men standing up to shake m y hand / And tell me they were µsorry for my trouble. "I met my father crying .ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: MID TERM BREAK AUTHOR: SEAMUS HEANEY SYNOPSIS: The speaker is a boy away at school when the news comes that his four year old brother has been killed in an accident. Arriving home.¶" The next morning the boy goes upstairs to see his brother lying "in the four foot box as in his cot.

. Also the word ³soothed´ brings a certain warm feeling to the poem. ³candles´ and ³Snowdrops´.LITERARY DEVICES: y y Imagery: Counting bells knelling classes to a close Simile: He lay in a four foot box. However this word is by words that are associated with mourning. as in his cot LANGUAGE: Seamus Heaney¶s choice of words in this poem is what made the poem so special. death or illness such as ³bedside´. He adds aloofness to the first section of the poem until after ³Nex t morning´ after which the author uses ³him´ to show that the speaker has finally come to realization.

Do not cling on to the unachievable. Instead. Dreams being abstract. unrealistic and unattainable are represented as ³Moonbeams´ which have similar attributes.ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: THE WAY THINGS ARE AUTHOR: ROGER MCGOUGH SYNOPSIS: This poem is about the advices given by a father to his son. It advises us to face reality and not be too over possessive. and that they cannot always have everything that they desire. It is true that children should be taught reality. Children should be taught to accept defeat. THEME: y y Relationship between father and son Reality versus illusion MORAL VALUES: 1) Be a good son 2) Be a good parents 3) Be a good listeners 4) Sharing our experiences 5) We should face the reality 6) Life must go on in whatever way . Children should be taught this lesson so that they do not thoughtlessly indulge in disastrous pleasure. the jar symbolizing life or our mind. We cannot subsist on dreams. We cannot expect fortune to descend to us. Next is children should know certain deeds that may appear to have been done with kind intentions may have been done accidentally or selfishly. and wait meaninglessly. children should strive to achieve their goals through dedicated efforts. We should not be preoccupied with dreams or illusions.

stanza 4 (abcdee). stanza 7 (abcbdb) TONE: caring and wisdom (real parents) Mood: hardship of father (touching) Literary devices: y y y y Personification: the candles is not crying. stanza 5 (abcddd). when the sky is looking Simile: an excuse is as good a reason as any Metaphor: today¶s craft hair is tomorrows boot sale Repetition: I am your father and that is the way things are Language: The poet uses the simple language which made the comparison between some things to the real life. It is to make the children easily to understand. stanza 6 (abcdee).STRUCTURE: y y y First point of view 7 stanza. . Five to six line for each stanza RHYME SCHEME: stanza 1 (abcdd). stanza 3 (abccc). stanza 2 (abcadd).

He declares he is an American and should have the rights to stand on his two feet and own his land.American's to be suppressed and to not have the same rights. blacks. THEME: Democracy and Freedom MORAL VALUES: y We shall respect one another as children of god and let the prisoners of their country free. when in actuality whites had denied themselves of the same rights they created. He indicates that everybody should have the right to exercise their freedom because that's a birthright. y We all have a right to choose but can we without being oppressed by the laws governed by your state. supported by lines 7 through 9." because that kind of attitude signifies submission. "Let things take their course / Tomorrow is another day. for whites. He doesn't want to wait for freedom. He believes his rights should parallel those of white people. Moreover. he is not too fond of passive individuals who say the following. Hughes believed that the Whites wished for the African . and whomever.ANALYSIS OF POEM TITLE: DEMOCRACY AUTHOR: LANGSTON HUGHES SYNOPSIS: Langston Hughes expresses a need for African American People to be impatient and not wait for society to work its course. without compromising his dignity in any way. he wants to fight for freedom and make a change. STRUCTURE: y First point of view .

. stanza 4 (abcb). stanza 5 (aba) TONE: Express about the democracy MOOD: Sad. stanza 2 (abcac).y y Five stanza Three to five line for each stanza RHYME SCHEME: stanza 1 (abab). It is simple and easy to understand. stanza 3 (abacc). The language that he uses is referring to him. not satisfied LITERARY DEVICES: y y Symbolize: Freedom is a strong seed Repetition of ³I´ LANGUAGE: The poet uses the simple word into this poem.