#  The main point you need to remember is that things appear smaller the further they are away

.

 However, if you have two identical items
± such as lamp posts on the railway platform in the picture

 you know they are in reality the same size, even though the nearer one looks bigger.

Perspective Drawing - Stage 1
 Look at the two sketches of the four different figures below.
± they are all looking directly at spot on the brick wall on the left directly in line with the height of their eyes from the ground. ± Imagine that they can't see anything else either side or above or below it.

 They're all different because each figure is at a different height so they're seeing different things. Each sees a different brick.

 Now they are all looking at the same brick.

But what has happened?

 They all see the same brick from a different angle
± it will appear to each of them to be a slightly different shape.

 The figures are either:
± looking down at the brick ± one is looking straight at it ± two are looking up at it.

Perspective Drawing - Stage 2
 Now let's look at the three sketches of a house.  Each one is slightly different.

Perspective Drawing - Stage 2
 The first is the proverbial worm's eye view.  The second has your eye level set on the centre of the house, as if you were standing up.  As your eye level moves to the top of the house in the third view you are looking down as if you were at an upper window in another house.

Vanishing Points
 The two points on either side of the building where all the construction lines meet are called.. The Vanishing Points  a theoretical point where all these lines join up and 'vanish'.

The bottles appear to have
± Grown ± Shrunk ± moved forward ± backwards

on the shelf.

 Once you have found your vanishing point your horizon line extends (to the right and left of it on your drawing surface and beyond.

Two-Point

Three-Point

The Project

Architecture

Materials

Cityscapes

Textures

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