# TRANSMISSION LINE CAPACITY CALCULATION

BY BHAVESH PATEL

Requirement of Trans. Line Capacity Calculation
For Find out exact System Stability/Reliability & Thermal limit Point in view of Maximum Permissible line Loading

SIL gives a general idea of the loading capability of the line SIL = V^2/Zs Zs = Surge Impedance = (L/C)^1/2 Where, L = Inductance of line H/Mtr./Phase C = Capacitance of line, P to N, F/Mtr. SIL For Short Line > 1 SIL For Long Line < 1

Line Voltage 132 KV 220 KV 400 KV SIL 46 MW 129 MW 410 MW

132KV Line: L= 0.001218 H/KM/Phase C=0.00882 F/KM, P to N Zs = (L/C)^1/2 = 0.3716 SIL = V^2/Zs = 46.89 MW

Thermal Loading is decided on the basis of Conductor Type & Dimension, Amb. Temp., Max. permissible conductor Temp., wind velocity, Solar Radiations, Absorption Coeff., Emissivity Coeff. Etc. Heat Balance Equation for calculation of Conductor Losses (W/KM) = Heat Lost By Convection (HC) + Heat Lost by Radiation (HR) Heat gained by solar radiations (HS)

Assumption: 1. Wind Speed : 2 KM/Hour 2. Solar Radiations : 1045 w/sq. mtr 3. Absorption coeff. : 0.8 4. Emissivity coeff. : 0.45 (0.3 for new conductor & 0.9 for old or black conductor) 5. Temp. coeff. Of Res. Per deg C (a): 0.00403 6. Normal Atmospheric Pressure (p): 760