TRANSMISSION LINE CAPACITY CALCULATION

BY BHAVESH PATEL

Requirement of Trans. Line Capacity Calculation
For Find out exact System Stability/Reliability & Thermal limit Point in view of Maximum Permissible line Loading

Criteria of Permissible Line Loading
Voltage Regulation Thermal Loading Energy Losses SIL (Surge Impedance Loading)

SIL (Surge Impedance Loading)
SIL gives a general idea of the loading capability of the line SIL = V^2/Zs Zs = Surge Impedance = (L/C)^1/2 Where, L = Inductance of line H/Mtr./Phase C = Capacitance of line, P to N, F/Mtr. SIL For Short Line > 1 SIL For Long Line < 1

SIL (Surge Impedance Loading)
Line Voltage 132 KV 220 KV 400 KV SIL 46 MW 129 MW 410 MW

132KV Line: L= 0.001218 H/KM/Phase C=0.00882 F/KM, P to N Zs = (L/C)^1/2 = 0.3716 SIL = V^2/Zs = 46.89 MW

Thermal Loading of Line
Thermal Loading is decided on the basis of Conductor Type & Dimension, Amb. Temp., Max. permissible conductor Temp., wind velocity, Solar Radiations, Absorption Coeff., Emissivity Coeff. Etc. Heat Balance Equation for calculation of Conductor Losses (W/KM) = Heat Lost By Convection (HC) + Heat Lost by Radiation (HR) Heat gained by solar radiations (HS)

Thermal Loading of Line
Assumption: 1. Wind Speed : 2 KM/Hour 2. Solar Radiations : 1045 w/sq. mtr 3. Absorption coeff. : 0.8 4. Emissivity coeff. : 0.45 (0.3 for new conductor & 0.9 for old or black conductor) 5. Temp. coeff. Of Res. Per deg C (a): 0.00403 6. Normal Atmospheric Pressure (p): 760

Thermal Loading of Line
Heat Lost By Convection (HC) = For Natural Convection, Hc = 12.8*10^-4*Dia. In cm^0.689*Temp. 12.8*10^rise^1.2333 For Force Convection, Hc = 13.8*10^-4*(Effe. Wind Speed*Dia. In 13.8*10^cm)^0.448*Temp. rise Effective Wind Speed = Wind speed in cm/sec*(p/760)*(293/(273+Amb. Temp.) p = Atmospheric Pressure

Thermal Loading of Line
Heat Lost By Radiation (HR) = Conductor Emmisivity * Stefan Constant*{(Max. Conductor Temp.+273)^4Temp.+273)^4-(Amb. Temp.+273)^4}*(22/7)*Dia. In cm Heat Gained by Solar radiation = Solar Absorption Co-efficient * CoIntensity of solar radiation * Dia. In cm

Thermal Loading of Line
Amp Capacity for Max. Ambient Temperatur Conductor Temp. (Deg C) e (deg C) 65 75 ACSR 40 312 413 PANTHER 45 244 366 210 Sq. mm. 48 199 334 50 311 ACSR ZEBRA 40 454 622 420 Sq. mm. 45 339 546 48 240 493 50 454 Conductor Type & Dimension

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