Dec.

2001

Wirsbo Tap Water System
Basic Manual

Contents

Page Introduction...................................................................................................... 4 Chapter 1 System description The Wirsbo Tap Water System......................................................................... 5 Wirsbo-PEX pipe .............................................................................................. 5 Easy to install ................................................................................................... 6 Security against water damage ...................................................................... 6 Wirsbo conduit ................................................................................................. 7 Marking and identification .............................................................................. 7 Longitudinal expansion................................................................................... 7 Longitudinal contraction (shrinkage) ............................................................. 8 Joining methods .............................................................................................. 8 Calculation principles Water flow demand ......................................................................................... 9 Design flow...................................................................................................... 10 Velocity of flow ................................................................................................ 11 Hot water circulation (HWC) .......................................................................... 11 Pressure drop .................................................................................................. 11 Generally ......................................................................................................... 13 Diagrams and tables Pressure drop nomograms ............................................................................ 14 Heat emission loss.......................................................................................... 16 Working pressure/temperature ...................................................................... 18 Thermal expansion.......................................................................................... 19 Calculation methods Calculation example 1 .................................................................................... 20 Calculation example 2 .................................................................................... 22 Installation methods/directions Traditional method.......................................................................................... 25 Manifold system ............................................................................................. 25 Conduit ”Pipe-in-Pipe” system ...................................................................... 26 Securing the conduit ...................................................................................... 26 Location of the manifolds .............................................................................. 27 Location of the pipes ...................................................................................... 28 Installation in concrete structures ................................................................. 28 Installation in wooden structures .................................................................. 29 Installation in single-family houses............................................................... 29 Installation in a block of flats ......................................................................... 30 Installation in basements and ceilings.......................................................... 30 Installation not allowing for thermal expansion .......................................... 31 Installation allowing for thermal expansion................................................. 32 Fixing and clamping pipes on to a rack ........................................................ 32 Installation in a vertical pipe duct.................................................................. 33 Expansion compensating devices ................................................................. 34 Calculation of a flexible arm and expansion loop........................................ 34

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

2 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual

Page Chapter 6 General directions Storage and general care ............................................................................... 36 Uncoiling the pipe........................................................................................... 36 Method of cutting ........................................................................................... 36 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting .................................................................. 37 Assembling a compression fitting ................................................................. 38 Assembling a WIPEX Coupling ...................................................................... 39 Minor repairs................................................................................................... 40 Inserting a PE-X pipe into a conduit .............................................................. 41 Replacing a damaged pipe............................................................................. 42 Pipe bending ................................................................................................... 44 Minimum bend radius .................................................................................... 44 Filling the system............................................................................................ 44 Pressure test.................................................................................................... 44 Fire protection ................................................................................................. 45 Wirsbo-PEX Technical data............................................................................. 46 Quality Assurance, tap water approvals ....................................................... 47 Conversion tables ........................................................................................... 49 List of figures, tables and diagrams Figures ............................................................................................................. 55 Tables................................................................................................................ 56 Diagrams ......................................................................................................... 56

Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 3

Introduction

This manual will give basic information regarding the design of tap water systems incorporating Wirsbo-PEX pipes and is intended mainly for use in the design of systems for apartments and houses. Wirsbo systems are easy to install and calculation principles, with the exception of material and installation costs, are the same as for other systems. However it is recommended that design and installation be carried out by experienced personnel. Local authority regulations in any case govern the kind of persons authorised to carry out this work, which in most instances will be certified plumbers. Moreover, although recommendations given here are in general based on Nordic norms (NKB), individual requirements specific to the country concerned should be taken in to account where necessary. In the case of high-rise buildings such as hotels or offices, necessary additional information is available from Uponor Wirsbo AB or one of our many agents and distributors throughout the world. Uponor Wirsbo AB

© Uponor Wirsbo AB, Sweden in December 2001. Reprinting, copying or any kind of reproduction is allowed provided the source of the material is mentioned.

4 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual

Chapter 1
System description
The Wirsbo Tap Water System For years, selecting a tap water system was done in a routine fashion. Choice of material was limited, and attention was paid only to basic requirements. Today, selecting a tap water system involves taking into consideration a wider range of aspects. Although the purpose is the same, a modern tap water system has a number of additional features, features which have a direct impact on the overall performance of a system. As in other aspects of modern life, development and improvement are continuous. Wirsbo piping systems are by no means new on the market. These have been developed and improved on since 1972. Wirsbo offers a complete system for domestic hot and cold water. The system consists of a wide range of pipes and accessories. It is clean, easy to install and flexible. Being flexible means for example, that longer lengths of pipe can be installed, resulting in fewer joints and less associated installation work. The Wirsbo Tap Water System includes components for installation in new buildings as well as in renovation projects, and is suitable for concealed runs in building structures of wood, concrete and brick, and for exposed runs in basements or ceilings. Wirsbo-PEX is a pipe for hot and cold water applications. The pipes are made from cross-linked high-density polyethylene (PE-X) in accordance with the Engel process. Cross-linking is a process which changes the chemical structure of the plastic material in such a way that the polymer chains are connected with each other to form a strong three-dimensional net of chemical bonds.

Wirsbo-PEX pipe

Figure 1 Molecule chain for a cross-linked polyethylene pipe

The new chemical structure makes it impossible to melt or dissolve the polymer, without first destroying its structure. Wirsbo-PEX pipes are therefore suitable for use at pressures and temperatures for which previously only metal pipes were appropriate. In addition, Wirsbo-PEX pipes have a unique elasticity. Thus, when expanded, a pipe will always strive to resume its original dimension (unless it is expanded beyond the breakpoint which is over 300%). Using this feature for example means that pipes can be simply and securely connected to each other (see joining methods below).

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 5

Furthermore the pipes are delivered in coils for easy transportation and handling. Figure 2 Wirsbo-PEX pipe Note • Prevent tape. due for example to a pipe being damaged by a misplaced nail. Connecting a Wirsbo-PEX pipe is made simple using Wirsbo Quick & Easy couplings and the pipe can be easily cut and bent by hand. Security against water damage 6 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Water hammer in fact is reduced to one third compared with traditional metal pipes. a protective outer pipe. Thus any water leakage.Wirsbo-PEX pipes have excellent long-term properties and are proof against corrosion. a Wirsbo-PEX pipe should not be stored or installed in such a way as to be exposed to sunlight (UV radiation). The pipe material also boasts the advantage of not being affected by high flow velocities or by low pH-valued water (aggressive water). • Since UV radiation affects the pipe. gypsum. They are light and flexible and there is no need for high-temperature operations such as soldering or welding. Nor is it affected by building materials such as concrete. The internal diameter will not be reduced due to corrosion or to sediment build-up that can often occur in metal pipes. paint and sealing compounds containing plasticizers and other products containing solvents from coming into contact with the pipe as the compositions in these products affect the long-term properties of the pipe negatively. will be carried and discharged beyond the building structure and will be detected at an early stage. Wirsbo-PEX does not give off taste and smell. which can be installed in a single seamless length around the water-bearing pipe from the manifold all the way to the draw-off point (a ”pipe in pipe” system). etc. such as the manifold cabinets. are fitted with leakage indicators. The material used for Wirsbo-PEX pipes is elastic and has a shockabsorbing effect in situations such as when a mixing tap is suddenly shut off. or add any harmful substances to the drinking water. This is because the pipes are channelled through a conduit. the various cabinets in the Wirsbo range. Easy to install Wirsbo-PEX pipes have many features that simplify the installation work. In addition as a further guarantee against damage. Wirsbo-PEX pipes have a very high resistance to chemicals and are thus resistant to chemical additives in water. Wirsbo tap water pipes can be safely placed in concealed locations within building structures because they offer security against water damage. lime mortar.

wall thickness. month. If a ”pipe in pipe” system is installed in concealed pipe runs. the expansion forces are transmitted to expansion compensating devices or to the structure of the building via anchor points.Wirsbo conduit The conduit itself is corrugated. As well as ensuring against water damage. day Figure 4 The marking on Wirsbo-PEX pipe DIN standard specifying pressure and temperature rating The name of the product Production monitoring authority Manufacturing process (Engel) Longitudinal expansion Compared to metal pipes. machine. Figure 3 Conduit pipe Marking and identification Wirsbo pipes are always marked with the product name. outer diameter. it also provides mechanical protection and allows for the substitution of an accidentally-damaged water pipe. Dimension (outside diameter and wall thickness) Approval for tap water in Germany Identification: material. installation technique and health requirements. Wirsbo-PEX pipes have a high longitudinal expansion (although associated expansion forces are low). In exposed pipe runs. together with a type approval label and depending on the type of pipe. longitudinal expansion is taken up in the space between the water-bearing pipe and the conduit. year. with the relevant production monitoring authority. They are also marked with the current standard. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 7 . which makes it highly flexible and gives it a high load-bearing capacity. date of manufacture. and continuous metre marks. Wirsbo-PEX tap water pipes are approved according to the relevant international standards with respect to material properties.

mainly compression fittings. since the grip of the coupling on the pipe is stronger than any tensile force and the pipes are often laid somewhat slack. ranging from outer diameters of 32 mm up to 110 mm. If the pipe is prevented from shrinking. However. WIPEX couplings are available for pipe dimensions.Longitudinal contraction (shrinkage) When a pipe has been in use for a while. The WIPEX coupling is the other main coupling in Wirsbo’s assortment. Note • For the safest couplings. A wide range of couplings and fittings are available for the easy and secure connection of plastic pipes. and then by allowing the pipe and support ring to shrink back onto the fitting nipple. longitudinal shrinkage is normally not a problem. Joining methods 8 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . This demonstrates the elastic properties of the PE-X material which always strives to resume its original shape as mentioned above and helps give Wirsbo Quick & Easy the reputation of being probably the most efficient and safe PE-X coupling available today. press fittings among others of various manufacture. Wirsbo has developed its own joining method. based on the unique properties of the Wirsbo-PEX pipe.5%. designed especially for connecting larger dimension Wirsbo-PEX pipes. A Wirsbo Quick & Easy joint is made by gradually expanding the pipe with a ring of PEX material fitted on its outside. Wirsbo-PEX pipes should be connected with approved fittings recommended by Wirsbo or any of our retailers. used in tap water systems or in district heating installations. a tensile force will be built up. The joints here are sealed with o-rings. the pressure and temperature of the water can drop and so the pipe may shrink longitudinally by up to 1. Wirsbo Quick & Easy (Q&E).

4 1. Water flow demand l/s Nordic (NKB) prEN 806* 0. Therefore the maximum water flow would be 0.3 0.15 0. therefore the following figures should be verified with the relevant authorities in your area. wash basin.3 l/s and used as design flow rate.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 Hot water (l/s) 0.07 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.1 0. the largest volume of water being taken by the bath.1 0.13 0.2 0.1 0.2 0. water closet and bidet the maximum flow.1 – 0.2 0. is: Cold water (l/s) 0.Chapter 2 Calculation principles Water flow demand The water flow requirements do vary in each country.10 0.2 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 9 . a toilet and a kitchen: a) The bathroom is similar to the bathroom in example 1 b) The toilet has one water closet and one wash basin (only one used at a time) c) The kitchen has a sink and a washing machine The total flow rate in l/s to be considered for cold water is: a) Bathroom in example 1 b) WC and wash basin c) Sink and washing machine Total flow rate 0.30 0. according to Nordic norms.20 0. Example 2: Apartment An apartment has a bathroom.1 0.20 Table 1 Water flow demand (* method 4) Application Water closet with flush tank Wash basin Shower Bath Sink Washing machine Bidet Example 1: Bathroom In a bathroom with bath tub.5 Bath Wash basin Water closet Bidet Total flow rate Bathrooms are normally used by one person at a time.

76 Table 2 Design flow Note • For hotels.92 4.37 25.41 0.39 0.28 22.6 0.5 8.50 0.88 0.37 0.0 11.5 1.82 1. when the demand flow of an apartment is larger than 0.68 0.46 1.0 Design flow 1.5 0.49 0.0 1.46 0.0 1.0 2.5 1.7 l/s.78 0.3 0.03 14.0 50.0 1.81 3.34 4.8 5.05 14.0 1.5 1.44 0.66 0.0 10.0 170.58 Total flow 3.17 18.7 1.5 1.2 4.0 70.0 1.0 45.5 1.08 15.6 2.0 1.7 0.0 1.12 16. most faucets used in tap water installations have a predominantly short usage time (less than 15 minutes per 24 hours) and not all faucets are in use at the same time.0 1.0 28.0 1.55 1.0 7.0 5.8 4.0 40.0 130.96 Total Design flow flow 12.0 1.0 110. and accordingly reduced by a design factor.53 0.40 26.0 160. Total flow 0.64 0.54 0.0 1.8 0.56 0.0 8.18 18.5 1.40 0.57 0.6 4.42 0.0 120.4 0.95 2.00 13.34 24.69 0.82 0. office buildings and other large installations the above information should not be used.1 1.According to Nordic norms.8 1. The table below shows design flow (Nordic norms) according to various total flows.0 6.25 21.4 3.0 90.0 29.23 20.98 12.43 Total flow 27. For this reason the design flow is based on the total flow (total volume required).4 2.13 17.9 2.60 1.04 3.5 1.45 0.51 0.57 2.86 0. then the supply to the apartment should be 1.0 32.0 Design flow 0.62 0.8 3. 10 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .0 80.07 15.0 38.0 150.5 1.0 34.2 2.74 0.6 l/s.49 1.0 100.5 Design flow 0.43 0.71 1.13 4.48 0.5 6.4 4.0 4.49 0.59 0.0 140.49 3.01 13.9 1.0 9.7 l/s for both cold and hot water supply.55 4.6 3.20 19.90 0.60 1.47 0.33 2. If hot water is to be heated in the apartment.52 1.0 1.6 1.5 10.84 0.0 1.0 1.08 2.92 0.30 0.52 0.71 0.3 1.2 3.61 0. Design flow In practice.5 11.15 17.31 23.0 60.80 0.10 16.77 1.5 1.35 0.63 0.0 36.4 1.0 30.94 0.76 0.0 0. Consultation with your local authority is recommended in these instances.22 19.70 3.2 1.26 3.65 0.5 9.67 0.0 1. it is sufficient to calculate with 0.5 7.

Pressure drop Once the total flow (total volume required) in each main supply pipe has been calculated and the design flows have been determined.5 m/s is recommended. Temp.95 0.25 1.00 0. Hot water circulation (HWC) When designing a hot water system..76 0.05 0. 0. etc.10 0.Water hammer . The following example shows the method for calculating the time with the hot water circulating relatively close to the manifold.99 l = 9. Tap water system installations with Wirsbo-PEX pipes can be designed to a maximum calculated water velocity of 2.82 1.Noise level .9 s 0. The distance between the faucet (wash basin.2 mm is 0. consideration should be given to the installation of a circulation system. shut-off valves. Calculations based on other temperatures are subject to a correction factor as shown in the table below.2 mm.Pressure drop With the use of copper pipes. has to be taken into account when calculating these requirements.00 Table 3 Correction factors Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 11 . These are based on specific temperatures.78 1.99 l in the pipe between the connection points. 0. since water need not cool between tap usage and unwanted cold water need not therefore be drawn off. mixers. °C 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Correction Factor 70°C 10°C 0.02 0. The water flow is 0. The pressure drop diagrams for Wirsbo-PEX pipes in the next chapter can now be used.14 0. The pipe from the manifold to the faucet is a Wirsbo-PEX pipe of 16x2.1 l/s.91 1.099 l/m. The pressure drop in valves. there will be 0.20 0. limiting the velocity of flow to a maximum of 1.84 1.80 1.96 1. This not only saves time but also reduces water consumption. fittings.Internal erosion . which reduces to a minimum the time between turning on the tap and the arrival of the hot water.1 l/s Thus the time of under 10 seconds is acceptable.5 m/s. pressure requirements must then be considered before selecting a pipe dimension. Since the distance is 10 m. Example: The waiting time requirement is 10 seconds.87 1. flow metres.1 l/s) and the manifold is 10 m. Wirsbo-PEX pipes are not subject to this restriction.98 0.Velocity of flow Velocity of flow in a tap water system has a direct influence on: . The internal volume of a Wirsbo-PEX pipe of 16x2.

50 and 63 mm can be used.90 2.85 1.93 3. Example: The total flow for a cold water supply pipe (20°C) is 5 l/s.72 2.83 0.28 0.60 1.25 7.13 0.00 18.20 1.80 2.10 6.14 1.27 20x2.96 2.50 4.54 0.00 6.41 1.36 0.76 3.00 10.00 3.10 4.10 0.68 11.45 1.78 1.49 = 29.00 20.64 12.31 0.Pressure drop kPa/m 70°C Flow l/s 0.13 1.64 0.35 3.5 63x8.90 1.38 10.8 kPa The value above is therefore acceptable.30 0.8 Pipe Dimension.94 1.00 9.3 110x15.44 0.60 0.43 0.9 75x10.63 0.37 0.19 0.87 5.61 0.78 19. 12 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .27 0.51 0.11 2.8 kPa However.06 1.91 1.26 0.97 0.60 3.23 1.28 Explanation: For each marked value of flow in table 4.00 12.45 0.8 x 1.69 2.13 2.80 0.79 16x2.49 2.00 5.20 = 35.00 8.00 12x2 5. mm 32x4.18 3.62 0.00 7.93 6.09 3.1 25x3.90 8.94 4.70 0.02 1.39 7.27 0.03 4.63 0.49 0.10 3.40 0. The pipe length is 20 m and the pressure drop must not exceed 40 kPa.00 4.20 0.35 0.3 1.31 4.08 2.49 kPa/m.00 2.87 5.41 1.25 0.40 1.30 9.15 0.50 0.32 1.78 0. The length of the pipe is 20 m so the pressure drop would be: 20 x 1.01 2. This marking indicates the pressure drop level for the maximum recommended velocity of 2.51 0.49 0. Pipe sizes of 63 mm give a pressure drop of 1. is a marked value for pressure drop in each column.2 1.00 1.7 90x12. From the table above we can see that pipe sizes 40.30 0.34 0.10 7.65 0.54 1.5 m/s.00 16.74 1.87 4.58 3. the correction factor in table 3 must be used since the pipe will be used for cold water: 29.59 0.00 14.52 5.24 0.87 1.4 50x6.50 3.74 2.00 1.74 Table 4 Pressure drop for various WirsboPEX pipe dimensions at 70°C 0.31 7.35 1.50 5.84 1.5 40x5.67 0.78 0.80 2.11 1.20 10.94 1.20 1.22 0.

Conclusion: Wirsbo-PEX 25x3.5 mm is sufficient for 29 apartments but not for 30.4 40x5.5 50x6.9 63x8. Number of Apartments (acc.2 51. The values in the table are based on the examples. Total flow l/s 1.5 for WIPEX).1) 1 3 12 29 43 107 B. There are occasions where approximations can be useful for selecting a pipe dimension.4 3. ”Water flow demand”.8 25x3. The pressure drop for fittings supplied in the Wirsbo Tap Water System is equivalent to a pipe length of less than 0. rules and tables shown in this manual.to ex 2 in section 2. In bathrooms this is normally the bath tub.8 mm is sufficient for these two bathrooms. Example 3: Dimension a supply pipe for a total flow of 3 l/s.Generally 1. The following table gives an indication of the required Wirsbo-PEX pipe dimension considering three various selection criteria.1 m for Wirsbo Q&E and 0. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 13 . ”Water flow demand”. When a pipe dimension is selected the common acceptable value is 1-10 kPa/m (10-100 H2O).7 C. Select Wirsbo-PEX 50x6.2 34.5 127. A. hoisting height and available pressure. Example 2: Dimension a supply pipe for two bathrooms of the same sort as in example 1 in Chapter 2. The design flow for a room is the maximum volume needed to supply the faucet which requires the maximum flow.9 Example1: Dimension a supply pipe for 30 apartments of the same sort as in example 2 in Chapter 2.5 m.5 32x4. Conclusion: Wirsbo-PEX 40x5. Note • You have to consider the pipe length.9 mm. (0.1) 2 6 24 57 86 213 Table 5 Indication of required WirsboPEX pipe dimension Pipe dimension mm 20x2.7 14.5 mm is sufficient for this flow. 4. Number of bathrooms (acc. 2. Conclusion: Wirsbo-PEX 20x2. 3.to ex 1 in section 2.

76 80 0.5 1.0 x 40 32 7.80 60 0.1 x2 .4 0.2 0.Chapter 3 Diagrams and tables Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 1.0 5.78 70 0.25 2.5 0.4 6.15 0.0 1.0 10 100 kPa/m Correction factors for other temperatures Temperature °C Factor 90 0.0 MPa 90°C l/s 100 Water temperature 10°C 10 63 1 .5 x4 .3 0.9 5.0 16 x2 .0 MPa 90°C 14 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .01 0.84 40 0.5 4.0 25 x3 .2 1.0 x2 1.87 30 0.1 0.00 Diagram 1 Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 1.96 10 1.1 1 .6 0.82 50 0.7 x8 50 m m 12.0 10.91 20 0.75 m/s 12 0.0 x6 .8 2.0 20 0.01 0.25 0.5 3.

2 x2 0.6 MPa 90°C l/s 100 Water temperature 70°C 10 0 11 0m x1 90 x8 m .25 Diagram 2 Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 0.3 0.6 MPa 90°C Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 15 .0 75 63 1 50 40 x3 .5 3.01 0.0 4.00 60 1.2 x6 .4 0.1 .8 x4 .25 1.0 6.7 x3 .0 m/s 16 0.10 30 1.01 0.02 50 1.0 20 0.0 x2 .0 12.0 7.0 1.98 70 1.5 0.0 5.5 1.1 1 10 100 kPa/m Correction factors for other temperatures Temperature °C Factor 90 0.6 0.95 80 0.25 0.Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 0.20 10 1.6 10.9 x5 .0 32 25 x2 .0 2.05 40 1.3 2.14 20 1.75 1.

6 MPa. 90°C and 0. 90°C. The diagrams show heat emission loss for Wirsbo-PEX pipes rated 1 MPa. Temperature difference (water . d2 d3 d4 d1 λ1 α1 T1 T2 λ2 λ3 α2 Surface temperature T 1 2 Figure 5 Heat loss from a pipe based upon a length of 1 metre.Heat emission loss Heat emission loss can be calculated according to the formula in figure 5.ambient). 3 1 = Piping wall 2 = Insulating layer 3 = Insulating layer T= Q + T2 π d4 α2 Q T d λ α l = = = = = = W °C m W/m °K W/m2 °K m Q= π · (T1-T2)· l 1 α1d1 + 1 α2d4 + 1 2λ1 ln d2 d1 + 1 2λ2 ln d3 d2 + 1 2λ3 ln d4 d3 16 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .

6 MPa 90°C Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 17 .5 120 32x4.0 16x2.8 16x2.0 MPa 90°C W/m 140 40x5.9 mm 63x5.2 12x2.6 MPa 90°C W/m 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 110x10 90x8.4 100 25x3.0 80 °C Diagram 4 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 0.5 80 20x2.8 40x3.0 25x2.0 MPa 90°C Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 0.3 20x2.0 40 63x8.2 75x6.9 mm 60 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 °C Diagram 3 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 1.Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 1.7 50x6.7 32x3.8 50x4.

and therefore. 18 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . hot water supply. approximating to room temperature.3 20 S = 3. 70°C) are specified below.2 should be installed in a hot water supply system with a maximum design pressure of 10 bar. Time temp. Dimension series Table 6 Service conditions with safety factors Operative temp. °C 80 Time at Tmax. Tmal °C Hours 95 100 3. Top.2 (10 bar at 95°C) and series S = 5 (6 bar at 95°C) at different continuous temperatures. must be used for calucation purposes for this period. °C 70 Time at Top Years 49 Max.Working pressure/ temperature The following diagram shows the applicable working pressure for Wirsbo-PEX pipes series S = 3. Pressure (bar) 30 Sf 1.2 10 S=5 Diagram 5 Working pressure as a function of temperature for normal hot water use 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Temperature °C ISO/DIS 15875 is the standard documentation which classifies service conditions for plastic pipes and fittings for hot and cold water systems. at Tmal. A temperature of 20°C. when calculating the projected service life to ensure that it equates with the actual service life. temp.3 = Safecty factor 1. The service conditions with safety factors for 10 bar (class 2.2 Typical field of application Hot water supply Note • Systems are not always in operation throughout their 50-year service life. Pipes in dimension series 5 should be installed in a hot water supply system with a maximum design pressure of 6 bar. allowance must be made for the time the system is not in use. Tmax. • Pipes in series 3. Years 1 Malfunc.

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 19 . °C This diagram is used in the example on page 35. mm/m 25 20 15 10 5 Diagram 6 Thermal expansion 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Temperature.Thermal expansion The diagram below shows the thermal expansion of a Wirsbo-PEX pipe as a function of the temperature. Expansion.

For the sake of simplicity any pressure loss through manifolds and fittings has been omitted since it would have an insignificant effect upon calculations.8 2 2. l/s 0.6 l/s 0.01 3.1 0.30 1.2 kPa (9.0 1 The basic criteria required for pressure loss calculations: A five floor building A bathroom on each floor Each floor has a height of 3 m The available water pressure at ground level is 400 kPa (hypothetical figure) The pressure loss through the heater is 100 kPa (hypothetical figure) The pressure loss in every faucet is 50 kPa (hypothetical figure) Step 1 Calculate the known pressure loss Pressure loss in the heater Pressure loss due to the force of gravity Pressure loss in each faucet 100 kPa 147.1 kPa/m 7.01 1.2 kPa 20 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .52 5 4 1. Calculation example 1 Example 1 shows a pressure loss calculation for the dimensioning of a riser in a small-size building.4 Heater M Figure 6 Outline drawing of an installation P0 3.81 x 3 m x 5 floors) 50 kPa 297.Chapter 4 Calculation methods In this chapter we will show two calculation examples to do with risers.2 3 1.3 0.1 0.

2 kPa The maximum pressure loss is a function of the flow requirement. The total flow will thus be 3.3 kPa/m for a Wirsbo-PEX pipe of 16x2. the required flow for every bathroom is 0.14 kPa/m 20 m Step 3 Calculate the maximum pressure loss in the bathroom The maximum flow in the bathroom comes from supply to the bath which is 0.39 0.01 Pressure loss (kPa) 29.Step 2 Calculate the average pressure loss/m of the riser This calculation gives an indication of the pressure loss when a pipe dimension is to be selected. which is 102.04 Table 7 Calculated pressure loss for all outlets in the bathroom Step 4 Calculate the pressure loss in the riser According to Nordic norms. In step 2. Using this value in table 4 (Chapter 2. If we select a pipe dimension of 25x3.30 1.2 16x2.54 0.45 0.3 l/s.3 0.3 kPa/m x 4 m = 29. It is not always the outlet with the highest water flow requirement that gives the maximum pressure loss.14 kPa/m. pipe dimension and pipe length.4 3.06 7.11 2.77 kPa/m.2 kPa). (NKB). ”Design flow”) we know the design flow is 0.0 Table 8 Values based on total flow Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 21 .77 Design flow l/s 0.8 kPa = 5. ”Pressure drop”) will give an indication of a suitable pipe dimension. By using table 2 and then table 4 the value of the pressure loss in the riser can be determined.58 l/s. This should not be exceeded.1 0. Pressure loss kPa/m 1.2 16x2.2 Flow (l/s) 0. the riser must be dimensioned for the total flow rate of each bathroom.5 mm this will give a pressure loss of 2. In this case 0.2 6.2 16x2.6 1.1 Pressure loss/m (kPa/m) 7. Outlet Bath Wash basin Toilet Bidet Distance to manifold (m) 4 6 7 4 Pipe dim (mm) 16x2.07 4. The distance from the manifold to the draw-off point is 4 m. Thus 102. That is why a comparison of pressure loss for all the outlets in the bathroom should be made.0 l/s.3 l/s and gives a pressure loss of 7. However.5 mm.2 mm.1 0. the average pressure loss/m was calculated at 5.6 l/s.01 1. Approximate pipe length = 15 m (3 m x 5 floors) + 5 m (bathrooms) = 20 m The average pressure loss will be the difference between the available pressure from the pump (400 kPa) and the known pressure loss (297.8 kPa. From table 2 (Chapter 2.01 1.50 0.44 2.58 Total flow l/s 0. The pressure loss will therefore be: 7.35 1.2 1. Here for example are comparison values obtained from the tables for a dimension of 25 x 3.8 2.74 2.

30 1.3 0.1 0.77 kPa/m x 3 m = 4.33 kPa 7.8 3 1.74 kPa/m x 3 m = 2. a larger pipe diameter would have been used.37 kPa).52 4 1.4 5 l/s 0.63 kPa kPa kPa kPa (<400 kPa) Since the pressure loss is lower than the available pressure (a difference of 42. 1.2 2 M Figure 7 Outline drawing of an installation P0 0.0 2. If the pressure loss had been greater than available pressure. there is sufficient pressure for the water supply.23 357. Calculation example 2 Example 2 shows a pressure loss calculation for the dimensioning of a riser in a small size building with water supplied from a storage tank on top of the building.23 kPa Step 5 Add together the calculated pressure loss Known pressure loss (step 1) Maximum pressure loss (step 3) Pressure loss in riser (step 4) 297.01 3.20 31.1 0.22 kPa 6.44 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.35 kPa/m x 3 m = 1.32 kPa 8.1 kPa/m 7.6 1 The basic criteria required for pressure loss calculations.31 kPa 31.05 kPa 5.The total pressure loss in the riser. A five floor building A bathroom on each floor Each floor has a height of 3 m The height from the water surface in the storage tank to the highest located faucet is 9 m The pressure loss of the faucet is 50 kPa (hypothetical figure) 22 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .11 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.01 1.20 29. Storage 3. Comments It is worth noting that the pipes themselves only account for about 18% of the pressure loss.

82 kPa/m for 0. Step 5 Check the available pressure for the floors below the top floor Due to the force of gravity.4 kPa Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 23 .54 Total flow l/s 3.00 1. the nearest bathroom will be on the top floor.20 .0 2.4 Table 9 Values based on total flow Step 3 Calculate the maximum pressure loss in the nearest bathroom As the water tank is located on top of the building.38 .2 kPa. This bathroom is the same as the one in the previous example. if the pressure loss had been greater than the available pressure.30 .81 x 9 m = 88. as the riser descends.8 kPa/m x 3 m = 2. This final check is intended to: a) Ascertain if the available pressure is sufficient to supply the required flow to the 4th floor. In this example the vertical distance to the nearest manifold is 9 m.4 mm Pressure loss kPa/m 0. Step 4 Calculate if the available pressure is sufficient to supply the bathroom on the top floor Available pressure Pressure loss in riser Pressure loss in bathroom Pressure loss in faucet 88.29.50.3 kPa Step 2 Calculate the pressure loss from the water tank down to the nearest bathroom If we calculate initially for a 32x4. the available pressure will increase for every floor below the top floor.82 0.The pressure loss is then: 0. The pressure loss from the riser is: 0.7.82 kPa/m x 9 m = 7. a larger pipe diameter would have had to be used. The calculated pressure loss will thus be 29.38 kPa For Wirsbo-PEX 32x4.4 mm pipe.72 Design flow l/s 0. Again.58 l/s. The vertical pipe length to be calculated for is 9 m.Step 1 Calculate the minimum available pressure from the water tank The minimum available pressure is the pressure in the manifold nearest the water tank. using the same tables (tables 2 and 4) as in example 1 will give a pressure loss of 0. Thus the available pressure is: 9.72 kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa There is sufficient pressure available to supply water to the bathroom.58 0.

2 0.The pressure increase due to the force of gravity is: 9.16 6.35 Design flow l/s 0.72 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.79 kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa The pressure increase is: 9.45 0.39 Total flow l/s 1. If so this would indicate that a reduction in pipe size is necessary to limit the pressure.74 kPa/m x 3 m = 1. the available pressure will be sufficient for the demand flow on the 4th floor.05 17.81 x 3 m = 29.6 Table 10 Values based on total flow The pressure loss from the riser is: 0. b) Ascertain if the available pressure on the bottom floor is excessive. 24 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .72 kPa Comment: The available pressure is in fact excessive so that the dimension of the riser should be reduced from the 4th floor downwards in order to reduce the pressure in the system.33 5.11 1.25 4.8 1.81 x 12 m = 117. For Wirsbo-PEX 25x3.43 kPa Since the pressure increase is higher than the pressure loss.11 kPa/m x 3 m = 1.35 kPa/m x 3 m = 2.50 0.74 1.5 mm Pressure loss kPa/m 2.

stock keeping is more complicated on-site. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 25 . pressure and temperature variations are minimal when faucets are turned on and off in varying sequences. because of the various pipe dimensions and the large number of corresponding fittings. which simplifies design and installation work. there are temperature and pressure variations due to the fact that one supply pipe normally has more than one draw-off point. Since also there are no other draw-off points on the same supply pipe. Furthermore. the risk of leakage from joints is considerably reduced and there are no awkward connections within the walls. from a larger one at the beginning of the system to a smaller one at the end.Chapter 5 Installation methods/directions Traditional method Figure 8 Traditional method with 16 joints The Wirsbo Tap Water System can be installed in the same fashion as a traditional system made of metal pipes i. However. Also. The advantage with this installation method is that it does use less piping than the manifold system described below. In addition. Furthermore fewer pipe dimensions and fittings allow for easier stock keeping and save on installation time and labour costs. which is why calculations are needed to determine the various pipe sizes. With connection points only at the manifold and the faucet. It can be designed with one single pipe dimension from the manifold to the draw-off point. there are more connection points than with the manifold system and these are often inaccessibly situated within the walls. a ”Tee system”.e. Most engineers wish to reduce the pipe dimension. the traditional method has some inherent disadvantages that should be taken into consideration. Manifold system The manifold system does not present any of the above-mentioned difficulties. The design work for example is more complicated.

Securing to timber studs and joists is done with nailed clips placed at suitable intervals and with straps or securing plates. However please note the following: • Conduits running in stud walls. However if so desired. the conduit should be fastened at either side of the bend. In addition. will meet these requirements. specially designed and supplied by Wirsbo. but in addition. a timber floor structure or in a pipe duct should not be secured above an interval of 1000 mm (as measured from the centre of the clips). any leakage caused by accidental damage is retained within the conduit and easily detected after being carried safely beyond the building structure. This too will help minimise noise. Conduits should be properly secured. an accidentally damaged length of pipe can be substituted from within the conduit without causing structural harm in the process. • When studs or joists are spaced 600 mm apart they should be secured at every other stud or joist. Securing the conduit 26 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . • Where the pipe run bends. • Pipes run at right angles through studs or wooden frames should be secured to these by securing plates. Using a manifold system in conjunction with Wirsbo Pipe-in-Pipe. particularly so if run in wooden structures. Different local standards and regulations or simply the demands of the purchaser may require this. it will make easier the removal of the water pipe at a later stage if this should prove necessary. With Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe. This not only simplifies the insertion of the water pipe into the conduit as required.Figure 9 Manifold system with 10 joints Conduit ”Pipe-in-Pipe” system Although a properly installed Wirsbo piping system is secure from leakage. there may be occasions when extra precautions against damage from leakage within the construction of a building are required. Pipes should be secured to concrete structures with tying wire. Note that Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe should be laid with the fewest possible bends and the largest possible bend radii. in a concealed pipe run. without the complicating Tee-joints of a traditional pipe system. Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe comes in ready-to-install prefabricated lengths. but also helps reduce any noise from water hammer and pipe expansion. the factory prefabricated Wirsbo-PEX pipe within a conduit. the conduit may be installed separately with the water pipe being inserted at a later stage.

Location should also permit convenient connection to the supply mains. Location could for example be on the wall in the laundry room. such as near a floor drain. or in a kitchen cabinet. and should be situated away from load-bearing parts of the building. Figure 11 Manifold in a watertight cabinet (left) Figure 12 An example of a manifold attached to the wall (right) Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 27 . under a wash basin. It may sometimes be appropriate to have more than one manifold location. provide adequate protection from freezing. especially in areas with very low winter temperatures. In some cases. manifolds can be placed in special watertight cabinets where any leakage. in keeping with local standards and regulations. a manifold may be best located where any leakage can be quickly detected. Alternatively. from for example a pipe damaged during installation.Figure 10 A conduit run through joists with pipe clips and securing plates Location of the manifolds Manifolds should be positioned for easy access to maintenance and in close proximity to all faucets. can be run off and quickly discovered at an appropriate detection point away from a buildings structure.

if it is mounted before the wall is built. The pipes should be tied to the reinforcement mesh at a maximum spacing of 750 mm.Figure 13 Example of a manifold situated in a ceiling Location of the pipes The pipe runs should be located where there is no risk of freezing and where there is least danger of an accidental drilling. The length of pipe between the manifold and the faucet should be kept to a minimum so as to reduce the number of bends. with wire or plastic straps. A pipe bend support supplied by Wirsbo is recommended for perpendicular upturns from the floor whilst a temporary stand is often used to hold in place a loose pipe end. • Before casting or otherwise concealing the conduit. An obstruction may affect the insertion of the water pipe. Wirsbo-PEX pipes are not affected by concrete. make sure it has not been deformed or blocked. Thus they can be cast directly into structural concrete or run in recesses made after casting. These must not deform or damage the pipe or the conduit. 28 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Note the end cap is retained as long as the pipe remains unconnected (right) Note • When installing Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-pipe make sure that no concrete or mortar forces its way into either water pipe or conduit. Always allow some extra piping at the beginning and at the end of the runs to simplify connection to manifolds and fittings. Installation in concrete structures Figure 14 A temporary stand supports the pipe and manifold (left) Figure 15 A temporary stand supports a pipe. and in some cases even a manifold. which in turn will keep pressure loss as low as possible.

stud walls. floor structures or loft floor structure. for example. start with pipes run from the water heater to the manifold. always check with the building constructor first as to how this will affect the structural strength of the building. Figure 19 An example of manifolds vertically connected to each other in a single-family house (left) Figure 20 An example of manifolds horizontally connected to each other in a one-storey house (right) Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 29 . Openings cut in joists along inner and outer walls should be under 250 mm from joist supporting points.Installation in wooden structures If pipes are run in wooden floor structures and stud walls. they must be laid so that the load-bearing capacity of the floor will not be impaired. In general if an opening for a pipe run is to be made in a wooden structure. A pipe bend support is recommended for vertical upturns from the floor or where a small bend radius is needed. The manifold could be located near the water heater. or under the wash basin in the bathroom. The pipe runs can be concealed in the foundation slab. Figure 16 Suggested run of pipes along an outer wall (left) Figure17 Suggested run of pipe along an inner wall (right) Figure 18 Suggested run of pipes in secondary boarding in the ceiling Installation in single-family houses An installation here could. An outside water outlet could ideally be located under the sink in the laundry room or kitchen. they should be laid in runs which are simple to locate in order to help prevent any puncturing with nails or screws. as long as any extra pipe length incurred between the manifold and the faucets does not increase pressure loss to the extent that it will affect the function of the system. If the pipes are run in load-bearing structures. In such cases it may be convenient to install several manifolds.

These cabinets are designed to be built into the wall for close connection to a pipe duct. Figure 21 Riser installation using watertight cabinets Installation in basements and ceilings The installation of Wirsbo-PEX pipes in a basement or under a ceiling in the traditional manner. in exposed runs it gives a poor general impression. Although this does not affect the operation of the system. without any support along their length. The examples shown below are in accordance with European draft standards (prENV 12108). can be carried out with or without allowance for expansion. Using Wirsbo-PEX pipes in straight lengths.Installation in a block of flats In keeping with good design. Wirsbo recommend that channels should be used to support the pipes. with pipes suspended from hangers. manifold cabinets should be used in installations in multi-family houses where concealed pipe runs are used. they may sag between the hangers. Figure 22 Pipe runs in support channels Figure 23 Pipes run on a rack 30 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . will facilitate installation work. Linear expansion in plastic pipes is greater than in metal pipes (although associated expansion forces are low). running from floor to floor. To give the impression of neat installation work. Plastic pipes may expand to such an extent that.

which act as anchor points. and pipes must then be fixed to them at pipe couplings by means of U-bolts. should be secured to the ceiling in pairs at intervals of 6m. 110 Table 11 Binding distances in accordance with prENV 12108 Installation not allowing for thermal expansion Pipes should be anchored and clamped so that expansion forces are transmitted to the structure of the building. These are then fitted with hangers clamped to supporting channels. Straps should be fitted at the following recommended intervals: Distance (mm) Cold water Hot water 500 200 500 300 750 400 750 600 750 750 1000 1000 Wirsbo-PEX pipe. 63. Therefore factory supplied 6 m lengths are ideally suited for this purpose. the pipes will ”climb” out of the channels. when the longitudinal expansion is restrained. 20 25 32 40 50. the pipe will expand radially. Hanger lengths should not exceed 150 mm. Hanger Hanger support bar Binding Anchor support bar Figure 25 Wirsbo-PEX pipes in support channels with anchor points at every 6 m and supporting hangers inbetween Anchor point Clamp Channel Anchor point Support bars. 75 90. Otherwise because of axial material stress related to temperature change. In line with prENV 12108 the maximum permitted distance between anchor points is 6 m. Hanger support bars should be mounted between the anchor support bars at the following recommended distances: Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 31 . The flexible Wirsbo material will ensure a low load on the anchor points because. The support channels should overlap by 100 mm and pipes should be secured with straps to these. Both hangers and channels should be securely tightened in order to prevent lateral movement.Figure 24 Branched pipe run in support channels These examples also illustrate the recommended manner of clamping and fixing Wirsbo-PEX pipes. Do (mm) 16. Support between the anchor points should be provided by hanger support bars fixed securely to the ceiling.

40 50. 20 25. such as an expansion loop or a flexible arm. The pipes are then free to move on the rack and will. 90.Table 12 Distances between hanger support bars in accordance with prENV 12108 Distance (mm) Cold water Hot water 1500 1000 1500 1200 1500 1500 2000 2000 Wirsbo-PEX pipe. In order to control expansion movements it is important to fasten the pipes to the rack at max. 110 Installation allowing for thermal expansion Figure 26 Pipe runs in support channels In general. with the clamps fitted at the above recommended distances and tightened so that the pipe is free to move between the anchor points. 32. (see below) Hangers should be provided as in the preceding example above. Fixing and clamping pipes on to a rack Laying on racks is appropriate where there are pipes of longer lengths and where only a few tees are to be fitted. take up the linear expansion. The expansion will then be taken up by expansion compensating devices. 1000 mm intervals and anchor at each tee branch. pipes should be installed with supports fitted so that the pipe is free to move. which must be set at branches and at expansion compensating devices. Figure 27 Wirsbo-PEX pipes on a rack where thermal length variation is compensated by the ”snaking” of the pipe 32 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . see also the preceeding example above. by themselves. 63 75. Do (mm) 16. For particulars of securing the pipe to the support channels.

Figure 28 Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe on a rack will protect the pipes from dirt accumulation Installation in a vertical pipe duct In a vertical pipe duct. However. the pipe need only be supported at the anchor points. This can be done by means of a rubber-lined pipe clamp located on each side of a tee branch. it is recommended that pipe supports should be installed between each floor. in order to avoid unwanted sounds generated by pipe movement caused by rapid changes in flows and pressures. pipes must be anchored at each floor. 6 m as earlier explained. Note • If a conduit is used it should be clamped to the pipe duct wall at intervals of max. This prevents the spreading of linear expansion from one floor to another. As the riser is concealed. If the riser passes several floors without branches. it should be anchored at intervals of max. Figure 29 Pipe supported only by anchor points Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 33 . 1000 mm.

expansion compensators should be used. LB = C Do x ∆L Anchor point FIX L ∆L Calculation of a flexible arm and expansion loop Where: LB C Do ∆L is the flexible arm in mm is the material constant (12 for PE-X) is the outside diameter of the pipe is the thermal length variation in mm E LB Figure 31 Flexible arm FIX Anchor point 34 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . in installations allowing for thermal expansion. Figure 30 A vertical exposed pipe run Note • Someoftheaccessoriesusedin the described installations are not included in our list of compoents as they are available locally in most countries.A vertical exposed pipe run with supporting channels could be installed in the same way as a horizontal installation which does not allow for thermal expansion (see above). Adhesives should not be used for fastening insulation to the pipe as some of them can damage the PE-X material. • Asexplainedearlierpipesshould be insulated according to the standards of each country. Use the formula below to calculate the minimum length of the flexible arm. and support clamps should be placed sufficiently far from the wall to allow for longitudinal thermal expansion. However. where the pipes are expected to stay straight. Expansion compensating devices No special expansion compensators are needed if: • the water pipe is supported and anchored at a maximum spacing of 6 m • the water pipe is run in a conduit where the necessary space for expansion is provided in the gap between water pipe and conduit • the pipe is run in long lengths on a rack. The flexible arm should be long enough to prevent damage.

while the expansion at 70°C is 12. °C Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 35 . Calculate the length (LB) of the flexible arm. The hot water it carries is 70°C and the ambient temperature is 20°C. Calculate the thermal length variation by using the diagram from Chapter 3.5-2. In this case the flexible arm is calculated according to the equation below: LB = C Do x 2∆L = 2l + l 1 2 2 Anchor FIX point ∆L/2 L ∆L/2 Anchor FIX point l1 E/2 Figure 32 Expansion loop FIX E/2 l 1 E/4 l2 Example: A Wirsbo-PEX pipe with an outside diameter (Do) of 50 mm is installed with 30 m between anchor points. example 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Temperature. The expansion of the pipe will be 12. The total thermal length variation in this case is: ∆L = 10 mm/m x 30 m = 300 mm.5l1. Expansion. 15 10 5 LB = 12x 50x300 = 1470 mm Diagram 7 Thermal expansion.5 mm/m.5 = 10 mm/m when carrying water at 70°C.When designing an expansion loop it is preferable to design it so that l2 = 0. mm/m 25 20 From the graph. the thermal expansion at 20°C is 2.5 mm/m.

A pipe cutter purposely designed for use with plastic pipes is recommended. In this way. The uncoiler should be positioned as close to the current working area as possible. 36 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . A Wirsbo pipe uncoiler can be used to facilitate uncoiling. To ensure a long-term service life. No excess material or burrs should remain that might affect the fitting connection. They should also be kept in their packaging as long as possible in order to avoid dirt accumulation.Chapter 6 General directions Storage and general care Wirsbo-PEX pipes are supplied in various dimensions. grease. pipes should be stored in a clean. With Wirsbo Pipe-in Pipe. the length of pipe pulled over the floor is kept short and the number of corners around which the pipe is pulled are kept to a minimum. no concrete or mortar should force its way between the water pipe and conduit. However for larger pipe dimensions a cutter with large cutting discs should be used. mortar etc. always ensure that the cut is straight and square. To avoid the introduction of dirt into the system during installation. Pipes should be kept clean from dirt. When cutting the pipes. end plugs should be fixed to the pipes and retained for as long as possible. dry environment and away from exposure to UV radiation (sunlight). If this happens any future substitution of the water pipe will be made more difficult. lengths and packages. Uncoiling the pipe Figure 33 Wirsbo pipe uncoiler Method of cutting Wirsbo-PEX pipes are manufactured to close dimensional tolerances and fittings are provided to meet those tolerances. Product information including some installation recommendations and sets of special end plugs are included in the packaging.

Push the pipe onto the fitting nipple. It is important to rotate the tool slightly before the segments of the tool are pushed further into the pipe. Use the expander tool to expand the pipe end with the ring. Fit the Q&E ring to the pipe. prior to the next expanding. 2. Rotate the tool alternating to the right and to the left between each expansion. The Q&E ring and pipe will strive to resume their original shape and in so doing will grip the coupling. 3.Figures 34-37 Methods of cutting a pipe Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting Assembling procedure: 1. Cut the pipe. Figures 38 and 39 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting steps 1 and 2 Figures 40 and 41 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting steps 3 and 4 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 37 . 4.

rings and expander tools should be used. Pipe inserts must always be used. If uncertain as to how long the pipe will take to contract on to the fitting a small test using a short piece of pipe can be made. If manual pressure is insufficient a rubber hammer may be used. 3. Never use a naked flame for heating. Only genuine Wirsbo fittings. Useful tips • Keep the number of expansions to a minimum. If it takes longer. steps 1 and 2 38 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . • Warming up the fittings and expander rings speeds up contraction time.A correctly fitted Wirsbo Q&E joint can be pressurised after 30 minutes at temperatures above +5°C. which is the temperature at which you can hold the pipe in your hand without discomfort. Figures 42 and 43 Assembling a compression fitting. Heat the pipe for a maximum of about 30 seconds until it reaches 40-50°C. please see the separate Wirsbo Q&E catalogue. When correctly mounted the pipe should grip the fitting nipple within 3 seconds although for dimension greater than 16 mm this may tale from 3-10 seconds. the slower the contraction. • For further product information about the Wirsbo Q&E fitting. Assembling procedure: 1. Assembling a compression fitting The fittings used with Wirsbo-PEX pipes must be approved connection fittings recommended by either Wirsbo or one of our retailers. However ambient temperature affects the time it takes for the pipe and ring to shrink firmly on to the fitting nipple to make a watertight seal. At room temperature the joint will be as strong as the pipe itself after six hours. Expand just enough to allow the pipe to slip comfortably onto the fitting nipple. the lower the temperature. they should be insulated to prevent condensation. Push the pipe insert into the pipe by hand. 2. • Approximate waiting times before pressurising a joint are presented in the assembly instructions enclosed with the Wirsbo Q&E toolbox. Slide the nut and the compression ring over the end of the pipe. until the tightening torque increases noticeably. Ensure that the insert is pressed in as far as the flange in order to get a secure joint. the number of expansions may have been too many or the duration of each expansion too long. • When Wirsbo Q&E fittings are used with pipes in concealed runs. Fit the pipe to the connector and tighten firstly by hand and then with the aid of a spanner. Note • Wirsbo Quick & Easy is a fitting intended and designed only for Wirsbo pipes.

prise it apart as shown with pliers and remove it from the coupling. Mount the sleeve on to the end of the pipe. 4.Figures 44 and 45 Assembling a compression fitting. • If for any reason the fitting is dismantled. Therefore. Unbolt the clamping sleeve. Reunite the clamping sleeve with the coupling ensuring that the locking groove on the support sleeve of the coupling engages with the clamping sleeve. 5. Connect the pipe to the coupling pressing it as far as the locking groove. 2. Assembling procedure: 1. Ensure that the pipe end is clean and that any external burrs are removed. Note that the clamping sleeve is strong and will resist being prised apart. pipe inserts must always be used. place the head of the bolt into the gap before removing the pliers. steps 3 and 4 Note • When using compression fittings. a new compression ring should be fitted. in order to keep the lugs apart. • Tighten the nut in line with manufacturer’s recommendations. Therefore consultation with local authorities and standards is recommended. once the bolt has been removed and the sleeve forced open. Chamfer the square cut pipe end with a deburring tool or knife. Tighten until the lugs on the outer sleeve are drawn together. 3. Figures 46 and 47 Assembling a WIPEX fitting Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 39 . Assembling a WIPEX coupling The WIPEX coupling is an excellent pipe fitting. intended mainly for use with Wirsbo pipe dimensions greater than 32 mm. Lubricate the threads on the bolt and the washer with a suitable lubricant and insert the bolt into position. 6. • In some countries it is not allowed to conceal compression fittings within walls.

Carefully heat the damaged area with a hot-air gun. which actually reforms the pipe and takes advantage of cross-linked polyethylene’s unique thermal memory (see chap 1 above). Straighten the damaged section by hand 2. after for example being bent too far. flux or a linseed oil based compound.Figures 48-50 Assembling a WIPEX fitting Note • Because the nut. Reforming method: 1. If a coupling is to be fitted to some other component. However if a pipe has been buckled. the threads and the washer must be lubricated. • O-rings are used for sealing all joints in the WIPEX assortment and are supplied with the fittings. if a pipe is accidentally sliced or punctured. rotating the gun around the pipe throughout the process for an even application. Heat until the pipe has returned to its original shape or until the material begins to become transparent round its whole circumference. can be applied as shown below. Minor repairs Because cross-linked polyethylene cannot be welded or repaired with adhesives. the safest and simplest repairing method is to cut away the damaged area and replace it with a Wirsbo Q&E joint. seal the threaded joint with linen yarn. secure connection follow the instructions enclosed with the WIPEX coupling. • For a correctly fitted. an alternative repair method. This will happen at around 130°C. bolt and washer are made of acid-resistant stainless steel. However see note below. 40 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . • For further product information please consult the WIPEX catalogue.

Figure 51 Reforming a Wirsbo-PEX pipe Note • Do not use an open flame for heating. Useful tips • The water pipe will be easier to insert into the conduit. • Ifinsertionisfoundtobedifficult. if the pipe end is cut into a sharp tongue about 150 mm long. this indicates that the material has been damaged and the pipe needs replacing. can be used to pull the pipe through. Using cold water or blowing cold air on the repaired section will accelerate cooling. Once cooled it will return to its original appearance and regain all of its strength. It is not always necessary to heat the pipe until it is transparent before it resumes its original shape. if heated. Note any change in the pipes surface. However Wirsbo Q&E joints. • Do not heat Wirsbo-pePEX or Wirsbo-evalPEX pipes. • When a hot-air gun is used. If the conduit is installed on its own. • Keep heating to a minimum. They have an outer oxygen diffusion barrier which. the factory calibrated tolerances are lost. Figure 52 Pipe end with sharp tongue Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 41 . can still be used. Also check that clamping has been carried out properly before inserting the water pipe (see also Chapter 5).3. will be damaged. Use a hot-air gun. check before it is concealed that it has not been deformed or otherwise obstructed. However see note below. if mounted as recommended. Therefore the reheated section should not be used for joining to a fitting. attached to the pipe end and then threaded through the conduit beforehand. Allow the pipe to cool to room temperature before use. If heating has discoloured the pipe. Inserting a PE-X pipe into a conduit The conduit and the PE-X pipe can be installed together or separately. a drawing wire.

and should have as few bends as necessary with bends being as gradual as possible (see chapter 5). 5. between the crowbar and the wall. 3. 6. if required. Before removing the pipe see useful tips below. and having removed the fittings from the manifold end of the pipe. 4. Pull out the termination elbow in order to expose more of the PE-X pipe. Repeat as necessary or until the pipe has been totally removed from the conduit. Relocate the extender next to the wall and repeat steps 4 and 5. Figures 53-56 Replacing a damaged pipe 42 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . If this is the case. Mount the forked extender supplied by Wirsbo on a crowbar end as shown. Normally it is possible to pull out the pipe by hand but sometimes this may prove difficult. for example a piece of plywood. take the following steps: 1. 2. Insert protection in the form of. for example in an installation where there are many sharp bends. Replacement is made easier if the conduit has been correctly installed. be one seamless run from manifold to draw-off point. It should have been well secured. Lever the crow bar downwards and pull out a section of pipe. having once disconnected the pipe from the manifold and faucet/mixing tap. the water pipe can be replaced without causing structural damage to the building. Press the exposed pipe end into the fork and lock it with pliers if necessary.Replacing a damaged pipe One of the advantages of using Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe is that.

Figures 58-60 Replacing a damaged pipe • Taping the join to give it extra strength is permitted since it will be cut away later. Connect the pipes. • Installing a new Wirsbo-PEX pipe can be done at the same time as removing the old one by connecting the pipes to each other and then pulling both pipes through at once. Make sure that the pipe ends are as close to each other as possible and that the staples do not stick out on the other side of the pipe. Useful tips • Removing the old pipe is made easier if it is first softened either by blowing warm air or by running warm water through it. Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 43 . with a 100 mm length of close-fitting electrical cable using a staple gun as shown. for example. as in both cases this could cause the pipe to catch on the inside of the conduit.Figures 53-57 Replacing a damaged pipe Once the pipe has been removed the new pipe can be inserted (see section above).

Pipe bending Wirsbo-PEX pipes are normally bent without the need for any special tool. pipe wall thickness and type of pipe. If it is heated once more it will resume its original shape. In order to remove any remaining air pockets. • Do not heat more than necessary. If bends with small radii are necessary. a flexible support should be placed in the pipe at the bending point prior to bending (step 3). Filling the system All pipe systems should be filled slowly in order to expel as much air as possible. this indicates that the material has been damaged and the pipe must be replaced. venting the system afterwards is recommended. if heated. will be damaged. Heat the pipe carefully with a hot-air gun. They have an outer oxygen diffusion barrier which. Useful tips • Where a sharp bend with a narrow radius is required. Minimum bend radius The figures below give the minimum bending radius for pipe dimensions used in the Wirsbo Tap Water System. 3. Move the gun around the pipe throughout the process for an even application. Note • An open flame must not be used for heating the pipe. If heating has discoloured the pipe. • The radius with which Wirsbo-PEX pipes can be bent. Do = outer diameter. • Do not heat Wirsbo-pePEX or Wirsbo-evalPEX pipes. which will occur at around 130°C. Pressure test PE-X systems can be pressure tested in accordance with the local standards and regulations which apply to metal pipes. 1. the pipes can be bent after being heated up in accordance with the procedure described below. Note • In extremely cold areas the system should be protected at all times from freezing. 4. The pipe will maintain the new shape. 2. depends on the installation temperature. Alternatively. Heat the pipe until the material begins to become transparent where the pipe is to be bent. Cold bending Cold fixture bending Hot bending 8 x Do 5 x Do 5 x Do Note • It is not practical to manually bend dimensions larger than 32 mm to the minimum bending radius. • Note any change in the surface of the pipe during the heating operation. This is as follows: 44 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . which takes into account the fact that a PE-X system expands and contracts radially when pressure is applied. a bending support should be used. Examine the coupling points and pipe runs whilst filling the system. in order to prevent the pipe from folding. However there is a more appropriate method of testing. Bend the pipe at once to the required angle. Hold the pipe at the required angle and cool it with water or air.

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 45 .5 Diagram 8 Pressure testing 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Time (min) Fire protection When pipes are installed in a fire-resistant construction/structure. If the pressure drops during this period. Maintain this pressure for 30 minutes and inspect the joints and pipe runs.0 0. this indicates that the system is watertight. Leave the system pressurised for 90 minutes keeping it under continued inspection. Quickly drain off water to reduce the pressure to 0. • In order to prevent the spread of fumes. spaces between building structures and pipes and between separate pipes should be large enough to allow each conduit to be sealed separately. • The space between the water pipe and the conduit must be sealed to prevent the spread of fumes caused by fire between fire cells.5 1. Operating pressure 1. If the pressure rises to a value higher than 0.5 x operating pressure and close the drain valve.• Vent all air from the system and pressurise the system to 1.5 x operating pressure.5 x operating pressure and remains constant. Note • All fire precaution has to be carried out according to regulations by local authorities. fire-resistance ratings must be maintained. This seal may conveniently be mounted at the end of the conduit. this indicates leakage in the system. • The gap between conduit and wall must be filled with an incombustible homogenous material such as mortar. In general: • Pipes should be run within one continuous length of conduit through a hole in a construction.

05 x 10 –4 +133 2.0 Table 14 Forces of expansion and contraction Max force N 250 200 300 400 400 500 600 800 900 1300 1500 2100 2100 2900 4400 46 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Forces can appear during both expansion and contraction.3 1 x 10–3 60–90 Ωm – – kV/mm Forces of expansion and contraction These can appear when a pipe has been installed at an ambient temperature of about 20°C and is then suddenly exposed to a water temperature of 90°C.Chapter 7 Wirsbo-PEX Technical data Material Properties Mechanical properties Density Tensile strength Modulus of elasticity E Elongation on failure Impact strength Moisture absorption Coefficient of friction with steel Surface energy Oxygen permeability Value 0.7 40x5. but note that the length of the pipe has no bearing on the size of the force.9 32x4. However if the temperature changes gradually or if the pipe can give sideways.3 0.08-0.4 x 10 –4 2.2 110x10. the strength of the forces will diminish.5 50x4.6 50x6.0 25x2.0 32x2.35 °C m/m°C m/m°C °C kJ/kg°C W/m°C DIN 4725 10 15 2.8 90x8.7 75x6.9 63x5.1 34 x 10–3 80 250 Unit g/cm3 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 % % kJ/m2 kJ/m2 mg/4d – N/m m3 mm/m2 x day x atm m3 mm/m2 x day x atm Standard DIN 53455 DIN 53457 DIN 53455 DIN 53453 DIN 53472 (at 20°C) (at 100°C) (at 20°C) (at 80°C) (at 20°C) (at 100°C) (at 20°C) (at –140°C) (at 22°C) (at 20°C) (at 55°C) ASTM D1434 ASTM D1434 Thermal properties Temperature range Coefficient of linear expansion (at 20°C) Coefficient of linear expansion (at 100°C) Softening temperature Specific heat Coefficient of thermal conductivity Electrical properties Specific internal resistance (at 20°C) Dielectric constant (at 20°C) Dielectric loss factor (at 20°C/50 Hz) Rupture voltage (at 20°C) Table 13 Material properties –100 to +110 1.5 28x4.01 0.3 25x3.8 63x8.4 40x3.938 19–26 9–13 800–900 300–350 350–550 500–700 No failure No failure 0. Dimension mm 22x3. Naturally sideways movement can be influenced by pipe length and by clamping.

tap water approvals Wirsbo-PEX approvals for hot and cold water installations have been issued in: Germany Sweden Norway Switzerland France Great Britain Finland USA China Iceland Bulgaria Lithuania Croatia Rumania Russia Malaysia Hong Kong The Netherlands Denmark Austria Belgium Portugal Spain Poland Canada Australia Hungary Estonia Latvia Slovakia Kazakhstan The Ukraine Japan Standards and other quality guidelines relating to WirsboPEX The following published ”guidelines” are available at present: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) DIN 16892 .NKB Product rule 18 (Nordic countries) UNI 9338 (Italy) UNI 9349 (Italy) 15) 16) The following standards are under preparation: 17) 18) prEN 12318 ISO/DIS 15875 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 47 .1994 (Australia) Guide Technique Specialisé TE Q/1 No 30142 (France) UNE 53381 (Spain) ASTM F 876 -84 F877 -84 (USA) KIWA CRITERIA No.2000 (Germany) DIN 16893 . 41 (Netherlands) ÖNORM B 5153 (Austria) Type approval requirements for hot water pipes .2000 (Germany) Australian Standard 2537 .1994 (Australia) Australian Standard 2492 .Chapter 8 Quality Assurance.2000 (Germany) DVGW Arbeitsblatt W 544 .NKB Product rule 3 (Nordic countries) Type approval requirements for mechanical fittings of metal for PEX and PB pipes for tap water installations .1988 (Germany) DVGW Arbeitsblatt W 534 .

Finland) Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (CSTB) (France) KIWA (Netherlands) National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) (USA) Plastico y Caucho (Spain) Österreisische Kunststoff Institut (ÖKI) (Austria) Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC) (Portugal) BCCA Belgium QAS Australia 48 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual . Denmark.Production of Wirsbo-PEX is monitored by the following bodies: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) MPA Darmstadt (Germany) Statens Provningsanstalt (Sweden. Norway.

65354 1.91338 2.4 1828.556 6.6 1270.6 508.525 10.2 1244.69291 1.256 19.08661 2.Chapter 9 Conversion tables Metric and nonmetric (English and American) units Length – Inches (fractions) into millimetres in 1/32 1/16 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 9/32 5/16 11/32 mm 0.82677 0.8 1473.7874 0.44094 2.4 177.2 228.3622 2.8 1346.27559 0.4 1701.40157 2.92913 1.12598 2.6 1016.87401 2.02362 mm 25.74803 0.67716 2.95275 2.22047 1.85039 1.2 736.0 533.6 1778.41732 1.8 1092.20472 2.61417 1.400 Table 15 Length – Inches (fractions) into millimetres Length — Inches into millimetres and vice versa in 0.2 101.48031 2.2 1752.8 1727.8 330.019 23.4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 Table 16 Length — Inches into millimetres and vice versa Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 49 .1811 1.638 21.03937 0.86614 0.6 254.10236 1.731 in 3/8 13/32 7/16 15/32 1/2 17/32 9/16 19/32 5/8 21/32 11/16 mm 9.59842 2.51181 0.45669 1.6 1524.0 1803.63779 2.319 11.8 76.4 1447.71653 2.8 1854.0 660.0 152.06299 1.906 12.73228 1.2 863.2 1371.8 1600.83464 2.112 11.7559 2.0 1295.32283 2.33858 1.47244 0.494 14.66929 0.55118 0.288 15.6 762.144 7.050 19.24409 2.6 127.29921 1.844 20.53543 1.55905 2.14173 1.90551 0.4 1066.2 1117.4 50.6 381.11811 0.669 17.88976 1.6 1397.8 584.25984 1.3937 0.969 4.04724 2.4 1574.6 635.2 1879.875 16.0 914.588 2.98425 1.431 22.606 25.4 939.0 787.49606 1.381 3.8 838.4 558.5748 1.2 609.8 965.0 1168.6 1651.94488 0.8 1219.23622 0.43307 0.28346 2.081 15.19685 0.2 355.51968 2.35433 0.4 431.8 711.175 3.2 482.15748 0.70866 0.4 in 2.812 24.4 in 1.2 1625.0 1930.4 1193.762 5.4 812.462 in 23/32 3/4 25/32 13/16 27/32 7/8 29/32 15/16 31/32 1 mm 18.9685 2.0 1041.6 1143.99212 mm 1320.350 7.6 1905.16535 2.794 1.4 304.07874 0.77165 1.31496 0.59055 0.37795 1.0 406.8 457.938 8.62992 0.79527 2.0 1549.0 1422.8 203.00787 mm 685.0 1676.6 889.2 990.81102 1.0 279.2 1498.225 23.700 13.

48 160.787091 2.0658 3.7823 430.04 167.79 141.2808 6.22 239.20257 5.8288 2.048 3.4914 398.6 173.16 180.524 1.1168 20.13 203.Length — Feet into metres and vice versa ft 3.1432 98.224504 6.716 14.5 242.0888 39.36 147.3152 7.4008 721.016764 5.574182 5.852892 5.251606 3.572 4.51 807.4112 13.3822 312.62 7.9728 11.2776 11.366443 4.486449 1.4734 581.0186 419.038698 6.85 200.288 18.2916 635.6304 14.5639 258.44 183.6848 22.55 114.300643 1.20774 1.7392 82.9352 15.4584 78.185806 0.830958 4.11 121.4368 355.5459 441.503213 6.0732 462.92 154.39 124.5093 215.0312 21.3642 495.3528 3.6185 301.02 85.4864 5.9641 376.1638 139.1336 2.237 592.5826 667.67 127.9248 ft 88.06 249.972897 3.25 216.29 193.2736 818.3048 0.1824 548.97 213.0688 17.694188 2.109667 5.29095 43.8496 16.69 209.6911 161.7264 21.3352 65.982 193.34 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 m 15.0373 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 m2 4.278709 0.1278 505.3736 17.836127 0.7643 613.481279 5.99 108.764 17.781922 6.27 111.5448 ft 170.0553 645.2504 22.78 246.32 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 m 8.667085 5.83 118.1544 16.9456 22.09 226.3632 10.6372 710.967728 7.092903 0.5928 18.9827 785.0912 279.4216 20.34554 86.8189 656.9832 18.7464 796.95 131.6918 753.1458 322.7056 7.668 10.6365 118.743224 0.464515 0.424 101.552249 4.0584 10.994831 4.9312 49.9281 742.13677 2.3462 678.7736 59.5273 32.4928 55.645152 4.4384 2.2672 4.64 150.192 12.5344 8.812 20.623219 3.1064 13.3696 42.58189 75.114836 1.87284 107.76365 21.8735 699.923861 5.901928 3.0544 62.255 409.88 177.808 36.616 68.2 157.94 236.060631 Table 18 Surface — Square feet into square metres and vice versa 50 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .5552 22.2296 8.1816 5.336 21.765158 1.508382 2.24 15.4188 538.6576 3.81824 64.86 23.1645 731.858061 1.38 229.437412 3.874825 6.66 232.81 223.5072 19.10919 96.557418 0.9624 4.3096 452.7432 3.738055 ft2 559.8768 5.8392 9.096 6.295473 5.6784 17.7457 204.8624 95.05459 53.144 9.043867 2.8549 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 m2 0.6096 0.317407 6.8872 12.27354 4.76 164.344509 3.4554 764.0104 7.950964 2.6551 527.7536 10.2191 774.388376 5.6504 45.5816 91.879994 2.41031 6.5616 9.9656 26.92903 1.7912 6.528 624.6408 21.5272 32.212 52.57 196.3276 269.3008 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 m 0.273 226.415479 ft2 290.371612 0.4547 172.53 219.23 134.4592 16.2192 1.8016 13.180637 4.8915 516.51 137.1232 16.7 104.393546 1.9461 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 m2 2.601285 2.4008 6.01 190.087734 4.72 187.4968 12.650321 0.759988 5.7277 387.7097 570.689019 6.9144 1.596116 6.672255 1.0366 236.8968 72.3256 14.716122 3.9274 150.8976 19.8369 473.229673 2.2464 29.131601 6.1648 Table 17 Length — Feet into metres and vice versa Surface — Square feet into square metres and vice versa ft2 10.945795 6.6005 484.4001 129.2184 182.021933 1.809025 3.322576 2.0208 14.1099 688.07 144.530316 3.8003 247.1776 75.158703 3.4488 9.2004 365.0007 602.9095 333.459346 4.5824 11.2024 19.6731 344.41 206.404 19.579352 1.8424 13.

118 8.66 Table 20 Volume — US gallons into litres and vice versa Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 51 .466 17.19 2648.642 6.745 219.368119 0.735 272.925 22.764555 0.3274 635.982 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 m3 0.42 49.Volume — Cubic feet into cubic metres and vice versa ft3 35.743 2260.984 1.25 193.904 6.028317 0.69 132.595 1341.736238 ft3 953.429 2224.339802 0.8803 247.345 68.7746 1024.182 4.165 264.669 1800.116 2189.054 12.284 13.415842 1.189308 1.12 124.166 5.605 204.783961 1.205 52.102 1624.546 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 l 102.61406 1.169901 0.31338 70.06713 2.45307 0.99 56.028 1165.699011 1.765 113.185 158.71 26.535 1447.010496 2.246 0.856 9.396436 0.968 1271.123763 2.198 3.102 9.824 11.875 287.489 2118.07604 1.868912 1.57 11.412 5.07 11.55 117.877 2613.316 11.481386 0.39 208.047723 1.738 0.792872 0.475 136.729 1695.09 283.341 1200.283168 0.495 30.356 1765.95 268.4 155.635 45.61 8.68 185.821189 0.712 17.084951 0.53 223.302575 1.1478 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 m3 0.444159 ft3 1836.38 261.706 2.98 109.311485 0.13 71.274258 1.226535 0.81 253.1 230.97 162.8345 918.925546 1.82 200.45 18.25 2542.84 10.254852 0.141584 0.936 2507.509703 0.776 14.055 90.176 2083.952 3.5669 211.396 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 l 3.160991 1.877822 0.83 147.492 0.482 16.41 gallons 6.623 2471.54 170.162 1518.888 7.96 215.755644 1.658 5.355 15.175 211.962773 0.785 7.595 257.132674 1.038813 2.895 181.23 1.444 3.2535 176.7 79.92 5.364 8.282 1306.609 1906.11 177.359209 1.908 1377.549 2012.755 166.26 140.958 18.744 15.325 174.803 2154.042 1730.27 87.245941 1.849505 0.088 1059.996 2401.974 17.594 9.922 1942.37 2330.622971 0.056634 0.99109 1.222 1412.31 2436.475 1553.4612 988.1936 282.674 4.15 6.24 246.268 14.642377 1.625 98.727328 1.615 151.022 14.789 1589.305 280.195 105.707921 0.134 7.086 10.28 34.53 13.683 2365.670694 1.045 143.982179 2.62676 105.006 15.8943 812.7605 459.817 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 m3 1.3 12.214 2.038 13.104357 1.968 2.69 3.4472 423.348 9.330892 1.1338 388.019406 1.503 2683.585743 1.53802 0.915 75.651287 0.0739 494.428 4.035 gallons 12.557427 1.0141 600.476 1.095447 2.99 16.514 14.885 234.9542 706.52 276.236 16.934456 0.415 1659.2676 741.498 15.728 16.252 15.38 7.204 18.906139 0.7007 565.5809 776.808 12.897229 1.84 94.46 2.065 37.722 1.56 64.594654 0.296 1871.332 10.500793 1.455 242.863 2048.236 1977.563 2577.8204 353.465 189.14 18.113267 0.679604 0.67 238.485 83.953862 1.936 4.715 1130.775 60.85 41.626 7.849 1483.401 1094.217624 1.056 2295.655 1235.52911 1.566337 0.198218 0.315 227.335 121.3873 529.15208 Table 19 Volume — Cubic feet into cubic metres and vice versa Volume — US gallons into litres and vice versa gallons 0.472476 1.5211 882.2077 847.507 317.6408 670.9401 141.696 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 l 196.905 128.424753 0.792 13.22 17.812278 1.025 249.840595 1.387525 1.578 10.872 8.76 15.562 11.

0484 121.4322 17.183828 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 kg/m3 432.057 64.6828 41.7832 17.114 112.0408 24.9584 20.115 57.4328 10.935268 1.0714 132.3088 26.57 496.6598 30.5048 19.197 1025.608 528.33 1137.619672 4.3426 70.817 704.1752 3.1336 lb 114.311 1121.3196 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 kg 0.557244 4.4346 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 kg 12.247408 2.532 464.399 352.996544 3.6852 138.87284 1.304 272.121 961.406 1201.3656 81.76 656.4944 24.7008 13.209 192.1404 165.8414 22.722 624.Mass.437 384.6904 18.273 1089.31214 0.9334 66.072 9.178 1009.2984 31.161 79.5472 72.684 592.276 134.254 1073.703 608.5872 24.144 18.2966 48.8644 33.0824 4.934116 2.0304 29.747984 1.2472 12.988 849.1128 33.322 156.621976 2.245104 4.14 977.5664 34.3192 21.499424 0.361 320.345 167.2736 37.49712 2.432388 4.779 672.23 112.368 1169.74568 3.931 800.494 lb/ft3 1.418 368.948 25.4576 125.7728 22.184 90.268 2. weight — Pounds into kilograms and vice versa Density — Pounds per cubic foot into kilograms per cubic metre and vice versa lb/ft3 0.207 101.475 416. weight — Pounds into kilograms and vice versa lb 2.80926 2.249712 0.1544 13.589 512.05782 4.7624 27.372264 2.309836 2.744528 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 kg/m3 832.870536 3.5768 29.123704 1.152 144.8208 108.558396 3.9072 1.5702 83.893 768.412 20.561852 0.045 897.4016 25.159 993.171 160.8448 31.371112 3.4806 136.8144 2.808108 3.349 1153.38 336.804 7.7748 85.8184 11.932964 3.435844 1.299 145.3296 16.7978 97.323 288.874 752.683252 3.095 96.495968 3.4116 103.6288 4.038 48.246256 3.559548 2.8968 6.228 208.253 123.4782 39.68 23.182676 4.133 128.058972 3.2264 22.026 881.076 80.285 256.7058 52.3912 30.2046 4.997696 2.43354 3.6392 116.060124 2.007 865.307532 4.138 68.2056 32.5012 50.6138 8.494816 4.0254 110.551 480.247 224.6162 105.798 688.425 Table 22 Density — Pounds per cubic foot into kilograms per cubic metre and vice versa 52 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .9104 55.456 400.5496 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 kg 23.995392 4.064 913.7288 63.513 448.187284 0.5266 158.684404 2.498272 1.623128 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 kg/m3 16.342 304.046 24.620824 3.308684 3.216 27.1214 3.6696 28.9564 77.24856 1.5242 61.0512 19.7082 149.969 lb/ft3 3.434692 2.95 816.5976 19.646 560.3886 92.102 945.9376 30.083 929.855 736.7216 3.5607 1.436996 0.5152 14.686708 0.7518 74.34 11.2368 17.5036 147.374568 0.6368 19.061276 1.292 1105.02 34.8864 11.023 13.9358 163.2576 7.871688 2.536 4.741 640.235 1057.092 46.685556 1.266 240.8552 26.0616 14.7112 8.912 784.627 544.186132 1.6592 33.8438 119.1648 8.124856 0.4432 5.2506 26.665 576.62428 0.18498 2.811564 0.120248 4.4536 0.19 176.3608 1.9794 88.998848 1.310988 1.36996 4.216 1041.8898 141.836 720.9792 10.019 32.873992 0.8656 21.8874 44.9688 15.746832 2.1174 154.4092 6.810412 1.122552 2.2276 15.876 16.387 1185.8668 130.5932 94.752 32.6821 4.0024 99.069 35.7936 lb 59.749136 0.93642 0.484 29.6184 9.6622 127.373416 1.7312 160.062428 0.4736 Table 21 Mass.3504 6.4224 15.608 14.9896 5.0944 143.5256 9.4552 28.1232 28.9128 152.

66667 29.22464 0.19152 0.6 0.22222 93.25632 0.8 82.21456 0.88889 -7.2592 0.08928 0.0 71.04032 0.08352 0.252 0.09216 0.0144 0.33333 -2.2 32 33.06192 0.15264 0.222222 10.2664 0.2088 0.66667 -5.09648 0.4 1.30096 Table 24 Thermal conductivity — Btu · in/ft2 · h · degrees F into W/K · m Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 53 .03312 0.09 0.18432 0.7778 -17.1 1.2222 537.6667 482.1584 0.08496 0.2222 121.1224 0.0 -14.2 96.6667 204.24336 0.8889 -18.11664 0.19296 0.002304 0.2222 -11.21024 0.0576 0.07776 0.5556 -20.11111 0.22222 35.216 0.7778 648.07 0.6 1.33333 107.12528 0.8889 -13.5556 371.8 64.29808 0.3333 -67.28944 0.2222 -16.4 30.23904 0.17856 0.7778 -62.072 0.0 -8.8 1.0432 0.3333 -12.Temperature — Degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius and vice versa °F -148 -130 -112 -94 -76 -58 -40 -22 -4 14 23 24.0 37.13968 0.4 39.27216 0.6 57.11376 0.88889 26.8 44.8889 176.2 1.14256 0.1656 0.05 0.03456 0.10512 0.27792 0.21888 0.16272 0.20016 0.06624 0.002736 0.288 0.12816 0.25488 0.23328 0.1872 0.3333 -20.19872 0.22752 0.11111 82.10224 0.6 28.06336 0.12096 0.3 0.1512 0.0 871.09504 0.6 37.2 0.16992 0.24912 0.14112 0.1944 0.0 1.18288 0.25056 0.02 0.15696 0.1368 0.1111 982.22176 0.13824 0.0288 0.14976 0.3333 -17.77778 15.01584 0.1008 0.19728 0.002448 0.08208 0.5 1.14832 0.0504 0.19008 0.29664 0.1111 -15.13536 0.18144 0.2304 0.20736 0.06048 0.2 60.4 86 89.06 0.20592 0.1728 0.27072 0.2222 -56.27936 0.0936 0.24768 0.144 0.26496 0.4 104 113 122 131 140 149 158 167 176 185 °C -12.2 °C -73.0648 0.09792 0.44444 -3.16128 0.03744 0.14688 0.08064 0.25344 0.6667 -51.33333 21.07632 0.5556 -15.6 46.05328 0.01 0.12672 0.2376 0.8 35.28224 0.10944 0.6667 -16.24192 0.15408 0.07056 0.3 1.26784 0.2016 0.8 0.19584 0.4444 -28.04752 0.17136 0.8889 760.2448 0.17568 0.4444 232.07488 0.21312 0.6 93.08 0.22032 0.002016 0.29232 0.13248 0.2 78.16704 0.16848 0.1296 0.4444 -13.2222 1093.15984 0.07344 0.9 2 0 0.002592 0.222222 3.28368 0.25776 0.21744 0.0 -19.06912 0.29952 0.4 68 71.03168 0.108 0.0864 0.05904 0.17712 0.17424 0.23184 0.2222 260.23472 0.18 0.0 315.22222 -1.11232 0.001872 0.20304 0.15552 0.12384 0.21168 0.13392 0.55556 -4.5556 -40.22896 0.2808 0.03024 0.88889 60.1111 148.18864 0.09072 0.26928 0.10656 0.4 48.26064 0.1111 426.55556 18.04608 0.2 41 42.77778 48.14544 0.06768 0.036 0.28656 0.333 -100 -90 -80 -70 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Table 23 Temperature — Degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius and vice versa Thermal conductivity — Btu · in/ft2 · h · degrees F into W/K · m Btu 0.2952 0.22608 0.26352 0.04 0.44444 °F 194 203 212 248 284 320 356 392 437 482 572 662 752 842 932 1112 1292 1472 1652 1832 2192 2552 2912 3272 3632 °C 32.1 0.24624 0.7 0.18576 0.11952 0.8889 -23.5 0.11111 23.0 12.4444 -18.04176 0.27504 0.04464 0.8 26.8 100.2736 0.333333 4.77778 -6.7 1.0 -34.1152 0.09936 0.9 1 1.6 75.0792 0.1111 -10.20448 0.05472 0.04896 0.29088 0.7778 °F 50 53.05616 0.03 0.27648 0.23616 0.111111 2.001728 0.444444 7.11808 0.11088 0.26208 0.05184 0.29376 0.2232 0.10368 0.4 0.08784 0.1111 -45.28512 0.13104 0.03888 0.24048 0.00216 0.16416 0.

41214·103 1 1 9.670978·105 1.101972 1 426.42·10-3 1 1 N/m = 1 Pa 1 kPa 1 bar 1 mm WS 1 lb/in2 (psi) 2 Table 25 Pressure Energy 1 J = 1 Nm = 1 WS 1 J = 1 Nm = 1 WS 1 kpm 1 kcal 1 kWh 1 Btu Table 26 Energy 1 kpm 0.89 1 bar 10-5 0.81·10-5 0.38844·10-4 2.89·103 1 kPa 10-3 1 100 9.6·106 1.81 6.163·103 1 2.251996 1 kWh 2.935 3.34228·10-3 1 859.102 102 1.01 1 9.77778·10-7 2.1868·103 3.72407·10-6 1.96832 3.845 0.80665 4.93071·10-4 1 Btu 9.000 105 9.055056·103 54 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual .47817·10-4 9.50 1.Pressure 1 Pa 1 1.45·10-4 0.075857·102 1 kcal 2.145 14.29421·10-3 3.81·10-3 6.069 1 mm WS 0.02·104 1 703 1 lb/in2 1.

................................ 35 Wirsbo pipe uncoiler ............ 30 Branched pipe run in support channels...................... 34 Expansion loop ........................................................... 7 The marking on Wirsbo-PEX pipe ................................................................. 37 Method of cutting a pipe.................................................................... 29 Riser installation using watertight cabinets .................................. step 1 ............................................................................................ 37 Assembling a compression fitting.. 28 A temporary stand supports the pipe and manifold .............. 36 Method of cutting a pipe.. step 3 ....... 39 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ....... 33 Pipe supported only by anchor points........ 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting.. 26 A conduit run through joists with pipe clips ...............Chapter 10 List of figures. 20 Outline drawing of an installation............................... 38 Assembling a compression fitting.. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Text Page Molecule chain for a cross-linked polyethylene pipe ........... 38 Assembling a compression fitting...................... 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting.............................................................................. step 4 ........................................................................ step 2 ...................................... 33 A vertical exposed pipe run............. 32 Wirsbo-PEX Pipe-in-Pipe on a rack will protect ................................... 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting......... 29 An example of manifolds horizontally connected to..... 29 Suggested run of pipe along an inner wall ............................................. step 2 ....................................................................................................... 6 Conduit pipe...................................................................................................................... 34 Flexible arm ... 37 Method of cutting a pipe...... 29 Suggested run of pipes in secondary boarding in the ..... 39 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ... 5 Wirsbo-PEX pipe ................................................. 22 Traditional method with 16 joints .............. 28 A temporary stand supports a pipe .................... 37 Method of cutting a pipe.. 32 Wirsbo-PEX pipes on a rack where thermal length .................... tables and diagrams Figures Figure No. 7 Heat loss from a pipe based upon a length of 1 metre .............. 40 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 55 ......... 30 Pipe runs in support channels ................................... 16 Outline drawing of an installation................................ 39 Assembling a compression fitting................ 25 Manifold system with 10 joints ......................................... 27 Example of a manifold situated in a ceiling .......................................................................... step 1 ........................................................................................ step 3 ............................................... 28 Suggested run of pipes along an outer wall ........................................................................ 29 An example of manifolds vertically connected to ......................................................................................... 27 Manifold in a watertight cabinet ...................... 31 Wirsbo-PEX pipes in support channels with ...................................... 39 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ........................................ 37 Assembling a Wirsbo Q&E fitting......... 30 Pipes run on a rack ................ 27 An example of a manifold attached to the wall .............................. 31 Pipe runs in support channels ....................... step 4 ......................................................

............................................ 23 Values based on total flow...................................... 46 Length – Inches (fractions) into millimetres .............................................................. 42 Replacing a damaged pipe ........................................ 50 Volume – Cubic feet into cubic metres and vice versa........................................................... 40 Assembling a WIPEX fitting ............................. 21 Values based on total flow........................................................... 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Text Page Assembling a WIPEX fitting .............. 35 Pressure testing ....................................................................................... 18 Thermal expansion.......... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Text Page Water flow demand .................................................. 12 Indication of required Wirsbo-PEX pipe dimension ...... 41 Replacing a damaged pipe ..................... 21 Values based on total flow.................14 Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 0.......... 43 Tables Table No. 13 Service conditions with safety factors........................................ 54 Diagrams Diagram No..0 MPa 90°C ............................................................. 54 Energy .................... 41 Pipe end with a sharp tongue................................. 52 Temperature – Degrees Fahrenheit into degrees Celsius ............................................................................. 15 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 1.................... 43 Replacing a damaged pipe ......................19 Thermal expansion............... 40 Reforming a Wirsbo-PEX pipe ...........................6 MPa 90°C ......... example ................. 18 Calculated pressure loss for all outlets in the ........... 43 Replacing a damaged pipe ....................... 17 Working pressure as a funcion on temperature for ........ 24 Binding distances in accordance with prENV 12108 ............................... 51 Volume – US gallons into litres and vice versa......................................... 53 Pressure............................................ 11 Pressure drop for various Wirsbo-PEX pipe dimen ........................................................................ 31 Distances between hanger support bars in ................................................................ 51 Mass.................................................. 45 56 Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual ................................. 49 Length – Inches into millimetres and vice versa.............................. 9 Design flow ............... 42 Replacing a damaged pipe .. 49 Length – Feet into metres and vice versa. 17 Heat emission loss Wirsbo-PEX 0..................................................................10 Correction factors .................. weight – Pounds into kilograms and vice versa .......... 52 Density – Pounds per cubic foot into kilograms per .............Figure No............................. 42 Replacing a damaged pipe ............................................................................................................................................................. 43 Replacing a damaged pipe ........0 MPa 90°C....6 MPa 90°C ....................................................................................... 32 Material properties Wirsbo-PEX ............ Text 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Page Pressure drop nomogram Wirsbo-PEX 1............................. 42 Replacing a damaged pipe . 50 Surface – Square feet into square metres and vice versa ..... 53 Thermal conductivity – Btu · in/ft2 · h · degrees F into ............................................. 46 Forces of expansion and contraction.........................................

Wirsbo Tap Water System – Basic Manual 57 .

Wirsbo reserves the right to change specifications without prior notice. The products described in this manual are generally protected by Letters Patent throughout the world. In keeping with our policy of continuous improvement and development. Uponor Wirsbo AB Box 101 SE-730 61 Virsbo Sweden Phone +46 223 380 00 Fax +46 223 381 02 www.wirsbo.Wirsbo-PEX© is the registered Trade Mark of Uponor Wirsbo AB of Sweden.org Här får reklambyrå och tryckeri sätta ut tryckort 1127GB 01-12-2-M .