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Wilson Book

Wilson Book

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Published by romeo_costescu

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Published by: romeo_costescu on Dec 06, 2010
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11/08/2011

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From Equation (8.11), the element stiffness matrix can be written as:

=

=

dA

D

dV

T

b

b

EB

B

k

T

(8.12)

where

dz

D

T

= a
E

a

(8.13)

After integration in the z-direction, the 5 by 5 force-deformation relationship for

orthotropic materials is of the following form:





=



yz

xz

xy

yy

xx

yz

xz

xy

yy

xx

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

V

V

M

M

M

γ

γ

ψ

ψ

ψ

55

54

53

52

51

45

44

43

42

41

35

34

33

31

31

25

24

23

22

21

15

14

13

12

11

(8.14)

The moments M and shears resultant V are forces per unit length. As in the

case of beam elements, the deformations associated with the moment are the

curvature ψ. For isotropic plane stress materials, the non-zero terms are given

by:

PLATE BENDING ELEMENTS

8-9

)

1

(
12 2

3

22

11

ν

=

=

Eh

D

D

)

1

(
12 2

3

21

12

ν

ν

=

=

Eh

D

D

(8.15)

)

1

(
12

5

55

44

ν

+

=

=

Eh

D

D

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