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m Extremophiles that can live in harsh conditions

such as hot springs, salt water, and even
inside the human stomach
m Single celled organisms that lack nuclei and
peptidoglycan in their cell walls
m Most are cocci (spherical), bacilli (rod-
or spiral shaped, but unusual forms exist also

m mrchaea reproduce asexually and divide

by binary fission, fragmentation, or
budding; in contrast to bacteria and
eukaryotes, no species of archaea are
known that form spores.

m Methanogenic archaea live in the

stomachs of humans and ruminants and
aid in digestion
m Some are used to make biogas or as part
of sewage treatment
m Enzymes from archaebacteria are used
in biotechnology because they can
withstand high temperatures