mass on a spring

4 Aug 2008

graphical treatment

4 Aug 2008

definition of SHM

4 Aug 2008

4 Aug 2008

period of a pendulum & mass on a spring

T = 2π

l
g

m
T = 2π
k

equations of motion

1
T=
f

4 Aug 2008

equations of motion

a = −(2πf)2 x

4 Aug 2008

equations of motion

x = A cos(2πft )

4 Aug 2008

equations of motion

v = ±2πf A 2 − x 2

4 Aug 2008

energy of motion

4 Aug 2008

4 Aug 2008

cantilevered rule

a

Beam

Tensile
Forces
strain
gauge

-

o

+

Compressive
Forces

amplifier

b

v

200 g mass

+

GRN

Bench

BLK

BLUE

WH T

RED

GRN

YEL

Strain
Gauges

G Clamp

3V

Strain
Gauges

YEL

damping

4 Aug 2008

a sprung system

4 Aug 2008

shock absorbers? - dampers

4 Aug 2008

4 Aug 2008

energy dissipation

hydraulic oil

high pressure
nitrogen gas

plunger dividing
piston

bridge dampers

4 Aug 2008

4 Aug 2008

spreadsheet model
position/m

0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3

0.00
0.10
0.30
0.60
0.99
1.48
2.05
2.72
3.46
4.28
5.18
6.14
7.15
8.22
9.34
10.49
11.68
12.88
14.10
15.33
16.55
17.76
18.96
20.13
21.26
22.35
23.40
24.38
25.31
26.16
26.95

velocity/m/s

0.00
1.00
1.99
2.97
3.93
4.87
5.77
6.63
7.45
8.22
8.93
9.59
10.18
10.70
11.16
11.53
11.83
12.05
12.20
12.26
12.23
12.13
11.95
11.68
11.34
10.92
10.43
9.87
9.25
8.56
7.82

acceleration/
m/s2

10.00
9.93
9.80
9.60
9.34
9.02
8.63
8.19
7.69
7.14
6.55
5.91
5.23
4.52
3.77
3.00
2.22
1.41
0.60
-0.22
-1.03
-1.84
-2.64
-3.42
-4.17
-4.90
-5.60
-6.26
-6.87
-7.44
-7.96

weight/N

3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00

tension/N

Displacement/m

time/s

0.00
0.02
0.06
0.12
0.20
0.30
0.41
0.54
0.69
40.00
0.86
1.04
1.23
1.43
30.00
1.64
1.87
2.10
20.00
2.34
2.58
2.82
10.00
3.07
3.31
3.55
3.79
0.00
0
4.03
4.25
4.47
4.68
4.88
5.06
5.23
5.39

resultant/N

1

3.00
2.98
2.94
2.88
2.80
2.70
2.59
2.46
2.31
2.14
1.96
1.77
1.57
1.36
1.13
0.90
0.66
0.42
0.18
-0.07
-0.31
-0.55
-0.79
2
-1.03
-1.25
-1.47
-1.68
-1.88
-2.06
-2.23
-2.39

mass/g
spring constant (k)/N/cm
interval/s

300
20
0.1

Spring/Mass Dynamics

3

4

5
Tim e/s

6

7

8

9

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