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and other organisms. The ultimate result is a change in the natural environment and/or ecosystem. The substances that are responsible for causing air pollution are called air pollutants. These air pollutants can be either natural (e.g. wildfires) or synthetic (man-made); they may be in the form of gas, liquid or solid. Air pollutants are classified into two categories viz. primary and secondary. The former refers to air pollutants that are directly emitted from the source, for example, carbon monoxide gas from automobile exhaust. The secondary air pollutants, on the other hand, are the result of interaction of primary pollutants, for example, the ground level ozone, which is formed when sunlight hits fuel exhaust in the atmosphere. It is to be noted that some forms of air pollutants are both primary and secondary. Let's discuss in brief about the causes, effects and ways to prevent air pollution.
Causes and Effects of Air Pollution
The major air pollutants are sulfur dioxides, carbon monoxides, carbon dioxides, nitrogen oxides and particulate matters. Among several different causes of air pollution, burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, petroleum and gasoline is the main source. Fossil fuels are used in all major industries, including the automobiles, jet planes, manufacturing industries, power plants, petroleum refineries etc. In the United States, automobile exhaust and power plants are responsible for more than 90 percent of air pollution. Carbon dioxide gas, which is used by the plants for photosynthesis, is identified as the major cause of global warming. Nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide, when dissolved in water, can cause acid rain, which in turn, leads to water pollution and and affects the aquatic life. Air pollutants, either present inside the house (indoor pollutants) or outside (outdoor pollutants), are hazardous to humans. The effects of air pollution on the human health are many; to mention a few, air pollution can cause respiratory diseases and irritation of eyes and throat. The common symptoms observed after exposure to a high level air pollution are chest tightness, burning eyes and cough. Those with certain medical conditions like heart disease and asthma are more susceptible to the hazards of air pollution than others. The effect of air pollution is more serious in case of children; prolonged exposure to air pollution can lead to earache, bronchitis and asthma in children.
Introduction on prevention of air pollution:
To live in this world almost every organism should require food, air and water. Now a days the atmosphere is very much polluted by smoke, dust, Carbon dioxide, smoke, Nitrogen oxide, Sulphur dioxide and all other bad odour gases. The polluted air is very harmful for the living organisms to live. Due to these harmful substances only the atmosphere gets polluted. The existence of these substances are not necessary in the
2) Sulfur oxides: sulfur oxides come from the industrial processes and burning of the coal. Atmospheric particles absorbs and scatter sunlight which reduces the visibility.e. If the substances exist in an improper ratio in atmosphere it causes pollutions and the living beings suffer. 4) Reforestation methods i. 5) Air pollution can be prevented by controlling the usage of the fertilizers and spreading of dust particles and the people should be educated about the pollution of air and its preventive methods. . These arise from the industrial processes and burning of the coal. In fact. In our blood. Types of Pollutants Air pollutions had been caused by a number of different types of pollutants. Air Pollution: In the air if there are higher volumes of solid. air pollution is common issue in this globe. and human respiratory system is caused by these acid nature of oxides. solid and aerosols that are suspended in the atmosphere. 3) carbon monoxide: Carbon monoxide is colorless. The hemoglobin combines with carbon monoxide and carries less amount of oxygen to body tissues which causes heart problems and health effects.atmosphere. liquid and gaseous substances than required. Air pollution is not a problem of a individual but it is a very serious problem to the global system. 2) Air pollution can be prevented by controlling amount of waste gases releasing from industries and factories. vegetation. Carbon monoxide comes from the gasoline-powered vehicles and from industries. 3) Air pollution can be prevented by using the devices which can filter the agents that causes pollution. 1) Air pollution: It consists of liquid. Prevention Methods for Air Pollution(industrial) 1) Air pollution can be prevented by checking the amount of smoke releasing from motor vehicles. planting of the trees in varies places should be done very frequently so that amount of pollution can be reduced. Damage to the materials. it is harmful to air. odourless and tasteless gas which is very powerful gas which living beings have no protection. Small quantities of sulfur oxides can also increase mortality and illness. There will be Hemoglobin.
always choose air-friendly and recyclable products that will minimize the emission of pollutants. Following are some tips for preventing air pollution: Car Pool: Forming and implementing a car pool will reduce the number of cars. Saving Energy: Saving energy will. The objective is to minimize the use of fuels. of course. Vehicle Care: Timely servicing of the car helps to keep it in a good condition and also minimizes fuel exhaust. hydroelectric energy and wind energy. Nowadays. Make sure to use unleaded petrol and opt for regular pollution checking of your car. it will help in the sustainable use of fossil fuel and its conservation for the future generations. Social awareness about air pollution is the most essential step to be taken for the prevention of air pollution. . preventing air pollution by cutting down the use of fossil fuels. Alternative Energy Source: Another effective way to prevent air pollution is to use alternative energy sources such as solar energy. as far as possible. Improvement of transport facilities and proper use of land for the sake of social benefits are equally important for controlling air pollution. instead of using your vehicle. fans. as it can contribute to air pollution. Awareness programs and/or advertisements should be encouraged. thereby. This helps in two ways. so that people understand the potential health hazards of air pollution. There are certain ways that one can help to reduce the emission of air pollutants in the atmosphere. air conditioners. If you are going to a nearby place. prevents air pollution and increases public income. Composting will also give you organic fertilizer for your garden. help to prevent air pollution. when not in use. Considering the harmful effects of air pollution. You can also share a room with others when the air conditioner or fan is on. and other appliances. Public Transport: Whenever possible. go by walking or use bicycle. solar water heaters are introduced to generate electricity and other energy forms for the household use. One way is to compost dried leaves and kitchen waste. sophisticated technologies such as wind turbine. Driving the car at an average speed and turning off in traffic is a key to save fuel. Switch off the lights. try to travel by public transports. Minimize Air Pollutants: Always try to minimize smoke emission.Ways To Prevent Air Pollution The fact is that human activities contribute the most to air pollution. now it is very essential that everyone should contribute a bit to prevent air pollution. televisions. While buying the products. This way. instead of burning them. instead of switching them on in every room.
You can also plant trees around your residential area to live peacefully. contain and cancel the source of noise. office equipment. Considering these negative impacts of unwanted noise on human health. Hence. The main objective behind noise pollution solutions is to absorb. the noise pollution problem is solved. Tree Plantation: Planting bushes and trees in and around sound generating sources is another effective solution for noise pollution. automobiles account to the highest production of noise. we can say that the root cause of noise pollution is transportation machines. Soundproof Homes: Soundproof doors and windows can be installed to block unwanted noise from outside. more than 30 million Americans are exposed to noise pollution in the workplaces. If you are residing in a noisy area. automobiles. If all the automobile owners take up this step. Recent studies also suggest that unwanted noise exacerbates hypertension and cardiovascular symptoms. once you stop generating sound. where you cannot rest and relax properly. stress. sleep disorder and hearing loss. restlessness. Machine Quality: Similar to vehicles. so as to reduce sound production. Among the various sources of noise pollution. Dense shrubs and trees block sound passage. The following is a list of the effective noise pollution solutions or noise pollution remedies that will help in combating the various health effects of noise pollution. then there will be significant reduction in noise pollution. Lubrication of the machinery and servicing should be done to minimize noise generation.Noise pollution Noise pollution is defined as the generation of unwelcome and displeasing sound in the environment. These soundproofing options are of utmost importance for complete relaxation. noise or sound is transient or short-lived. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Some of the noise pollution effects include fatigue. irritation. Regular servicing of the vehicles is an effectual measure to lower the intensity of sound produced by them. Noise pollution affects humans and animals both in their behavioral and physiological health. distraction. thus avoiding disturbance to the surrounding areas. Automobile Servicing: As mentioned already. Solutions for Noise Pollution Unlike other types of environmental issues such as air and water pollution. then you are at a high risk of developing certain health conditions. vehicular horns. car alarms. the quality of machines should be optimized. sirens and audio speakers. Other noise pollution causes include industrial machinery. You can also opt for walls with sound control material. it is high time that we should enforce noise pollution solutions. Thus. Loudspeaker Prohibition: Using loudspeaker in public areas is another major cause of . aircrafts and other transport systems contribute the maximum sound production. especially if you are staying in a crowded city area.
but the waste water treatment is an expensive . Thus. Much of the industrial noise can be reduced by replacement of old noise producing machines with quieter alternatives. only then can prevention of water pollution be carried out effectively. chemical factories. Industry Waste Major industries. The noise created by musical instruments. The automobile horn should be designed in such a way that it produces may not be harmful. This leads to alarming amounts of water pollution. Installation of sound detectors will help in analyzing the sound frequencies on a regular basis. Noise pollution by road transport can be reduced by quieter engines. It is a device meant for converting unbearable noise into pleasant sound. dump the waste that is generated in varied water bodies. A white noise machine is placed between the source of noise and the receptor. it can be controlled by adopting certain measures. fan and soft music.noise pollution. enforcing speed limits and laying the transport route away from the residential area such as bypasses. Use of horn should be minimum and pressure horn should be banned. Strict laws should be imposed against those who violate and play loudspeakers in crowded areas and public places. Preventing water pollution is indeed possible and these are some of the methods that will work best. White Noise Machine: The latest technology for overcoming the effects of noise pollution is using white noise machine. factories and industries should be located in far off places from the residential areas. Water Pollution Prevention Methods It is important to understand what is water pollution and the causes of water pollution. proper maintenance. greasing and oiling of the machines. Some of the measures are as follows: Noise producing industries should be located away from residential areas. Factory Location: Industrial noise pollution is no less different in causing health hazards on humans and animals. It produces soft sound like that of a waterfall. It is not that the waste cannot be treated before dumping it in the water. Effect of the noise on the ear can be reduced by 40-50 dB by putting ear-plug or earmuffs. This should be banned at any cost for the welfare of the people. business houses and other multi nationals that use methods of processing in their factories. and other indoor equipments can be checked by individuals in their own interest. Prevention and Control of Noise Pollution(industrial) Since noise pollution is created by man. Read more on effects of industrial noise pollution.
So also. thus polluting it. washing your hands. Stop shirking away from responsibilities and put the following tips into action: Use a detergent that has low phosphate levels because high phosphate levels cause added pollution and are hazardous to the animals and plants in the water. Do not keep the water running when you're brushing your teeth. but also settle onto the ground and seep into the water table. Vehicle Emissions The toxic fumes exhumed by vehicles not only lead to air pollution. These will seep down to the water source and pollute it in the worst possible way. they get carried into the streams and rivers and affect the ecology of the fish and other creatures of the sea. motor oil. There needs to be immediate action taken towards this direction. The industries prefer paying the fine (which is many a times minimal). we. thus polluting it. if these chemicals are used near water bodies. then take up a form of soot. Treatment of the waste needs to be a prerequisite and not an option for industries. . the government policies that require industries to treat the waste are many a times so lax that most industries do not take them seriously. Make sure that you dispose off other forms of wastes like tissue papers and the odd trash bits by putting them in trash bins rather than flushing them down the drain. Do not allow household wastes like your pet waste or other items like petrol. these chemicals seep into the ground water. Chemical Usage Industries are not the only culprits that lead to increased levels of water pollution. through our everyday activities add to that water pollution as well. Use native plants instead of hybrid ones as those require a lot of pesticides and chemicals for their protection. will be brought down to the ground and will not only make its way into varied water bodies. For example. These fumes go up into the air and then settle. The chemicals and pesticides that we use on our lawns seep into the ground and make their way into the water bed. Water Pollution Prevention Tips Seems like the water pollution prevention methods mentioned above have got nothing to do with you? Actually. So also. When it rains. washing the dishes. the opposite is true. The soot being heavy.process that most industries ignore because it directly affects their profits. paint and other such items to be discarded in trash or be thrown into the sewer. Thus. paying a fine for not treating the waste. but also water pollution. Taking small steps like these are an important way of preventing water wastage that is fast depleting due to water pollution. ruining the ecological balance and causing water pollution. The rules and laws regarding water purification systems need to be made stringent and so strong that industries cannot break them.
air pollution . This will ensure that pollution is prevented. Set up a compost unit so that all the household waste can be converted into manure or compost rather than being disposed off in the wrong manner and leading to more pollution. noise pollution Solid wastes. solid wastes. air pollution Air pollution. It is only then that we can hope to survive in a world as we hoped and dreamed of. noise pollution Water pollution. noise pollution. air pollution. air pollution Air pollution Air pollution and solid wastes. it may be invisible. The nature and intensity of pollution may be different in different industry. solid wastes Air pollution. indirect or negligible. water pollution. solid wastes and sound pollution Water pollution. Classified list of industries causing different types of pollution is presented in table. In some industries. In such a broad sense. no industry is free of pollution. Each of us need to take up the responsibility and do something at an everyday level. pesticides. air pollution. air pollution Water pollution. food pollution Water pollution. In others. There have been many water pollution prevention acts that have been set up by the governments of the world. the pollution is out rightly visible and substantial. sound pollution Water pollution. medicines Manufacture of gases Cement. air pollution Solid wastes. Industries A vast array of industries can cause pollution contrary to popular perception that only a chemical industry can cause pollution. But these are not enough for permanent water pollution solutions. air pollution. steel and other mine based industries Textile industries and their ancillaries Transport vehicle manufacturing Petroleum based industries Forest dependent industries Food industries Paper industries Sugar industry Brick industry Aircraft industry Electrical appliances and electric goods Type of pollution Water pollution. water pollution Solid wastes.Make sure that products which can be recycled are given off to recycling units instead of disposing them off at random. Type of industries Manufacture of chemicals. air pollution.
Most of these industries are established as core industries for progress of human society.in many situations .industries IT based industries Telecom industries Air pollution Solid wastes and air pollution Although all these industries have potentiality to generate pollutants in the environment. medicines manufacturing industries Cement. . The only disputable point is how they have to be managed to make them free of pollution. As the scientific research progresses. it is undisputable that they have to exist for human existence and development. New technologies to minimize the pollution are also generated in every industry. but the technology adopted by such industry. They are Chemicals. How far these technologies are adopted will decide the nature and extent of pollution. Some of them cause serious pollution then others. pesticides. The cause of pollution . steel industries Textile manufacturing and processing industries Petroleum based industries Paper industries Sugar industries Food industries All industries other than above cause relatively lesser pollution and are less dangerous than above industries. new technologies for industries are added.is not the industry itself. Hence.
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