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Munga Compatibility

Munga Compatibility

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Published by: Mordecai Abdul Munga on Dec 08, 2010
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12/08/2010

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Reflection of open and closed media systems in Kenya

By John Mungai (08-0765)

A reflection submitted to Beverly Gatimu Communication Department Of Daystar University Athi River, Kenya In partial fulfilment of the requirement for COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS IN AFRICA (COM 323A)

September 2010

Controlled mass media system is more of a dictatorship since information is not passed the information is not passed to the individuals in whole but in sections. This section is given to them so as to hide the dirty deals of the people in authority. I think this kind of media system is not advisable as it hinders the freedom of speech and expression by individuals. It can be good when it is used in scenarios where it will help to suppress violence and other evils. In open mass media system the information is passed freely from the message senders to the audience. I think in this system the audience is able to access the truth. It is advisable in many systems as it offers transparency and accountability since there is free flow of information. It offers individuals the freedom of speech and expression, which is healthy for any system of governance. It also has its shortcomings as it can lead to violence, hatred and other social injustices, which is not healthy for any system. Unlike the above communication systems there is no communication since there I no mass communication taking place. It was practised in the primitive societies, as in this a society there was a lot of secrecy among the people. Secrecy is not healthy for ay form of communication to take place, as there will be more information flowing from one individual to another Directed mass communication is different from all he above since the audience is the one that is controlled or closed. Such an instance is of the programmes that are rated above 18 these are audience closed in that audience below 18 is not allowed to view that specific programme. Various obstacles for example language can affect such a communication system, literacy level and other factors tat vary from one individual to another. All the above media systems are classified under open and closed media system since they all deal with communication from one direction to another and all are disadvantaged in their various ways.

Decentralised public model is whereby all the broadcasting companies are owned publicly and no one person; party or interest group is able to control the broadcasting companies. This promotes transparency and accountability since no one can hinder the transfer of information since everyone has a role to play for the dissemination of information. It is like democracy in communication since there is free flow of information in either direction. In centralised public model the media is owned by the society but controlled by the ruling party. It somewhat like authoritarianism since the ruling political party can be able to hide its dirty dealings. The dissemination of information is geared towards more positive news as opposed to those that will make the party to lose is fame to the society which owns the media systems in that system. Decentralised private model the media is privately owned and there is no centralised control of the media systems. This therefore dictates that the media system can either be dictatorship or democratic as the owners are the ones who decide on what information is to be passed on to the audience. Centralised private model is whereby the media is privately owned but centrally controlled by the rulers of that specific country. This leads to automatic dictatorship in the system, as the media system has to follow what the rulers say.

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