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NE

ICTIONARY

ER'S

RY

Helen Davies Illustrated by John Shackell Designed by Brian Robertson

Edited by Nicole Irving ~~~~

language consultants: Jane Straker and Gloria Brass Handlettering by Jack Potter

AdditionaJ designs by Kim Blundell

Editorial help from Anita Ganeri

. Contents
3 Using this book 54 Travelling by train
4 Meeting people 56 Travelling by plane and boat
6 Families 58 Vacations
8 Appearance and personality 62 In the countryside
10 Your body 64 On the farm
12 Houses and homes 66 At work
14 Dining room and living room 68 Illness and health
15 111 the kitchen 70 School and education
16 111 the ga rden 74 Shapes and sizes
18 Pets 75 Numbers
20 Getting up 76 Sport
22 Clothes 78 Celebrations
24 Going to bed 80 Days and dates
26 Eating and drinking 82 Time
28 Buying food 84 Weather and seasons
32 Pastimes 86 World and universe
36 Going out 88 Politics
38 At the zoo and in the park 90 Describing things
40 In the city 92 Colors
42 Shopping 93 In, on, under ...
46 At the post office and bank 94 Action words
48 Phonecalls and letters 96 Grammar hints
50 Out and about 106 Phrase explainer
52 Driving 109 English-Spanish word list This book contains over 2,000 useful Spanish word, with pictures to help you remember them. To help you identify words, nouns (naming words) are printed in roman lettering (el libra, book) and verbs (doing 0'

words), adjectives (describing words) and phrases in italics (grande, big).

Nouns

Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine (this is called their gender). The Spanish word for "the" shows which gender a noun is. "The" is el when the word is masculine and la when it is feminine. In the plural el becomes los and la becomes las. Sometimes the following abbreviations are also used: (f) feminine, (m) masculine, (s) singular and (pl) plural.

In Spanish, nouns that describe what people do or what they are (e.g. dancer) often have a masculine and a feminine form. When they appear in the illustrated section of the book only the form which matches the picture is given, but both masculine and feminine forms are given in the alphabetical word list at the back.

Spanish words often have a mark over one of the vowels (e.g. el baleen). This is called a stres mark and

shows that you should emphasize that part of the '--\",,"~----.r!m:!lI:Z!:lt:{""'"".........J

word. You can find out more about pronouncing Spanish words at the beginning of the word list on page 109.

Adjectives

Adjectives in Spanish change their ending depending on whether the noun they are describing is masculine or feminine Most adjectives end in 0 in the masculine and the ochanges to a in the feminine.

In the pictures the adjective matches the noun illustrated. However it is useful to learn both masculine and feminine forms, so both are given in the word box. When you see only one form, it mean the masculine and feminine are the same.

Using this book

Verbs

Throughout the book verbs appear in the infinitive ("to hide, to look for" in English). In Spanish, infinitives end in either ar, er or ir. You can find out how to use verbs on page 98 and there is a list of irregular verb on page 103.

3

Meeting people

dar on besa

lHola! jAdi6sI

j Hasta pronto! '" dar la mano

dar un beso

Hello Goodbye

See you later. to shake hands to kiss

el hombre la mujer elbebe

el nifio

la nina

man woman baby boy girl

lQue tal?

Muy bien, 19raciasl

How are you? Very well, thank you.

presenter laamiga

el amigo encontrarss con

to introduce friend (f) friend (m)

to meet

4

"You can find the literal meaning of phrases and expressions in the Phrase explainer section on pages 106-9.

charlar Si

No

De acuerdo. decir echarsea reir

to chat Yes No

name

first name surname

What's your name?

My name is .

His name is .

el nombre

el nombre de plla !el apellido

, lComo Ie llamas?

Me llarno .

EI se llama .

Tenqo diecinueve a71os.

age

Howald are you? I'm nineteen. young

mayor mayor que

mas pequefiota) q,ue la misma edad

old

older than younger than the same

laedad

iCuantos anos fienes? Tef'!go diecinueve anos. pequeno(a)

5

Families

Iia familia

III madre

la familia el padre la madre

el hermano la hermana el abuelo

13 abuela 13 tia

el tio

la prima el primo

family father mother brother sister grandfather

grandmother aunt

uncle

cousin (f) cousin (m)

ser parientes el hijo

la hija

criar

el nieto

to be related son daughter

to bring up grandson

la nieta

tenerle carhio a el sobrino

la sobrina

granddaughter to be fond of nephew

niece

wife husband parents to love children

twin brothers only son

13 mujer el marido los padres querer a los hijos

los gemelos el hijo unico

I el marido ~------

pos padres I

r

wedding to work old age death

to die funeral

life birth

to be born childhood marriage

to get married

la boda trabajar la vejez la muerte morirse

el entierro

la vida

el nacimiento naeer

la ninez

el casamiento casarse

7

Appearance and personality

bonito(a) guapo{a) fuerte debil fJaeo(a) delgado(a) gordo(a)

pretty handsome strong weak

thin

slim

fat

bien edueado(a) mal edueado(a) generoso(a) tonto(a) retraido(a} amistoso(a) graeioso(a) alegre

triste

complexion dark

fair

freckles

to have a

moustache

tener barba lIevar gafas

fru ucir el cefio sonreir

reir

llorar

la tez moreno(a) blanco(a) las pecas tener bigote

tener el pelo rubio el pelo castano

el pelo rojo

el pelo laso

el pelo rizado flequillo trenzas

ser calvo

curly hair bangs braids

to be bald

to have blond hai r brown hair

red hair

straight hair

generous silly

shy friendly funny cheerful miserable

to have a beard to wear glasses to frown

to smile

to laugh

to cry

9

8

Your body

la cabeza el pelo

la cara

la piel elojo

la mejilla la nariz

la oreja

la boca

el diente la lengua ellabio elcuello la barbilla

head hair face skin eye cheek nose ear mouth tooth tongue lip neck chin

el GUerp.o

la mano eldedo

el pulgar la muneca la espalda

el estemago la pierna

la rodilla

el dedo de los pies el pie

el tobillo el talon

arm elbow hand finger thumb wrist back stomach leg

knee toe

foot ankle heel

10

ser altota) ser bajo(a} pesarse

ser ligero(a) ser pesadota)

to be tall to be short

to weigh yourself to be light

to be heavy

el lado Izquierdo el lado derecho

left side right side

tombarse

andar descalzo(a) ponerse de pie estar de pie arrodillarse

estar de rodillas tumbarse

estar echado(a) sentarse

estar sentadota)

to walk barefoot to stand up

to be standing to kneel down to be kneeling 10 lie down

to be lying down to sit down

to be sitting down

11

Houses and homes

la casa de pisos el piso

Es mi casa. segundo piso(ml

la puerta de entrada 1"1 timbre

:I~~~~H~~i~iJ~lBiiiEc:~~ toear 1"1 timbre

elbuzon

el felpudo

~~:::;~~=~i;!!;ii~~~ el baleen

la casa

vivir en una casa lavecina

la patrona rnudarse

1"1 huesped

1"1 solano

block of apartments apartment

This is where I live. second floor

front door doorbell

to ring the bell letter box doormat balcony

fir t floor caretaker (rn)

house

to live in a house neighbor (f) landlady

to move out tenant (m/f) ba ement

~ - --

1"1 humo eltejado

la chimenea el desvan

la ventana la pared

la puerta

el retrete

1"1 dormitorio

el cuarto de bafio la cocina

1"1 comedor

make

roof chimney attic window

wall

door

toilet bedroom bathroom kitchen dining room

el garaje arriba subir bajar

la escalera abajo

la sala de estar 1"1 sotano

garage upstairs

to go upstairs

to go downstairs stai rcase, stairs down lairs living room basement

13

Dining room and living room

el comedor la luz

el radiador la mesa

la silla

el suelo

la alfombra

dining room light radiator table

chair

floor

In the kitchen

10 coc;na

la cocina

la alacena

101 lavadora lavar la ropa la nevera

kitchen

cupboard washing machine to do the washing fridge

la sala de estar living room ver la television to watch television el horno oven pasar la aspiradora to vacuum
el reloj clock el sofa sofa guisar to cook fregar to do the dishes
la cortina curtain la moqueta wall-to-wall carpet la cacerola saucepan sucio(a) dirty
el fuego fire la television television el gas gas el fregadero sink
la chimenea fireplace el video VCR (video cassette la lata de la basura waste basket secar to dry
el sillon armchair recorder) planchar to iron el pano de cocina tea towel
sentarse al fuego to sit by the fire la radio radio el enchufe plug limpio(a} clean
leer un libro to read a book la electricidad electricity
14 15 In the garden

el invernadero

la cuerda de la ropa 13 pinza

el arbol

el pajaro

el nido

el arbusto la sombra

el cesped

el sendero el macizo el jardinero

el cortacesped cortar el cesped

la parcela de verduras la tierra

la hierba

greenhouse clothes line clothes pin tree

bird

nest

bush

shade

16

to do the

gardening lawn

path flowerbed gardener (m) lawnmower

to. mow the lawn vegetable patch soil

grass

la abeja

la mariposa la avlspa picar

la rosa

oler bien bonito(a)

-eI crisantemo el geraneo

bee butterfly wasp

to sting rose

to smell sweet pretty, lovely

ch rysanthemu III geranium

el tulipan

la nomeolvides el davel

las. sernillas plantar

el bulbo

quitar los hierbajos el hierbajo

ta cas eta de jardin la carretilla

el desplantador el rastrillo

la pala

I la horquilla la regadera

tulip Iorget-n.e-not carnation seeds

to plant

bulb

to weed weed

garden shed wheelbarrow trowel

rake

spade

fork watering can

-

17

Pets

el perro

la perrera

1"1 cachorro

1"1 pelo

la pata

jugueton

ladrar IATENCION AL

PERRO!

18

dog kennel puppy fur paw playful to bark

BEWARE OF THE

DOG to chase to fetch tall

to wag its tail to growl

to take for a wal k

1"1 canario posarse

1"1 ala

1"1 pico

la pluma eI hamster 1"1 erlzo

1"1 conejillo de Indias

el conejo la tortuga la jaula

dar de comer

1"1 pez de colores 1"1 raton

1"1 cuenco de cristal

rabbit turtle cag<!

to feed goldfish mouse bowl

canary

to perch wing

beak feather hamster hedgehog guinea pig

1"1 gate

1"1 cesto ronronear elgatito maullar

cat basket

to purr kitten

to mew to stretch claw

soft sweet

suave encantador(a)

19

Getting up

despertarse

j Buenos elias! Irotarse los ojos bostezar

el de perfador

lev, nlarse

descorrer las cortinas

I", bata

la ducha ducharse lavarse 1'1 pelo el charnpu lavarse

el iabon

el pafio de la cara secarse

la toalla

de nudo(a}

20

to wake Lip Good-morning to rub your eyes to YiJwn

alarm lac"

shower

10 have a shower to wash vour hair

hamp 0

to wa: h, 10 have a

wash soap washcloth

to dry yourself towel

naked

afeirarse to shave

ell.'spejo rn i ITOI'

Iii afeitadora electrica electric shaver

la maquinilla de afeltar razor

la e puma de afeitar having foam

rap

hot water cold water toothpaste I othbrush

to clea n your teeth

el grifo

el agua (f) * caliente el agua fria

la pastil de dientes el epillo de dientes lirnpiarse 10. diente

(_j

secar e el pelo

la secadora electrica el cepillo

el peine

peinarse

cepillarse el pelo

to cI ry vour hai r hairdrier

brush

omb

to comb your hair to brush you r hair

secarse et peto

losecadora erectrica

maquillarse

to put on make-up mascara foundation ream lipstick

perfume

21

Clothes

elleotardo

el sosten

[as bragas

[as enaguas [05 calcetines [a carnlseta

la combinaci6n 105 calzonciltos

tights

bra

panties

half slip socks undershirt petticoat, slip underpants

vestirse la blusa la falda

el vestido lIevar

la chaqueta de punta los vaqueros

la camisa

to get dressed btouse

skirt

dress

to wear cardigan

jeans

shirt

la corbata el jersey de lana

los pantalones la camiseta

de algod6n

tie sweater woollen trousers T-shirt

cotton, made of cotton dungarees

el mono

22

las joyas

los pendientes el prendedor la pulsera

el reloj de pulsera 13 sortija

el aniilo

el collar

jewelry earrings brooch bracelet watch

ring wedding ring necklace

cap raincoat scarf jacket zipper shoes sandals

el abrigo

el sombrero el bolsillo los guantes elcinturon el boton

las botas

la go.rra

el impermeable la butanda lachaqueta lacremallera los zapatos

las sandalias

coat hat pocket gloves belt button boots

Going to bed

la hora de aco tar e encender la luz

bedtime

10 switch Ihe light

on

to be sleepy 10 tidy up

10 gel undressed

estar cansadota) poner orden

(lui tar e In ropa

ponerelbano bafiarse e!bano

el tapon de hafio 1'1 albornoz salpicar

la esterita de bafio la bascula

to I'U n the bath lei hJVP ,1 bat h bathtub

plug

bathrobe

10 spla h barhrnat

scales

to go to bed pajamas nightgown slippers

a ostarse 1'1 pjjarna el carnison

, las zapatillas

la cancion de curia leer un cuento

Ia cuna

dormirse

lullaby

to read a srorv crib

to fall asleep

iHasta manana! Good- night. la mesilla de noche bedside table
iQue duermas bien! Sleep well. 1'1 duve quilt
sonar to dream la cama bed
dormir to sleep roncar to snore
apagar to wit h rhe light la almohada pillow
rr la sabana sheet
laliimpara lamp la colcha bedspr ad 25

Eating and drinking I

poner /a mesa

poner la mesa Ya esta,

la cafetera la lelera

la servilleta el vasa

el tazdn

el plato

la taza

el platillo el mantel el jarro

la cuchara el cuchillo el tenedor

to set the table It's ready. coffee-pot teapot

napkin

glass

bowl

plate

cup

Ya esta.

saucer tablecloth pitcher spoon knife

fork

fa servilleta

jSirvete!

iQUe. aproveche! tener sed

beber

Help yourself. Enjoy your meal. to be th irsty

to drin k

to be hungry 10 eat

It tastes good.

to have eaten welt

comer

Esta muy rico. haber comido bien

26

el desayuno

el jugo de frutas el cafe

el te

la mantequilla elpan

breakfast fruit juice coffee

tea

butter bread

el almuerzo la ensalada el queso

la fruta

la cerveza

el agua mineral

lunch salad cheese fruit beer

mineral water

el almuerzo

la comida la sopa

la carne el vino

las verduras el postre

dinner, main meal soup

meat

27

Buying food

I la CVlrI1e I

la carne

el chorizo

el salchichon

la pie rna de cordero la chuleta de cerdo el polio

el filete

vegetables fresh cabbage garlic onion

pea

carrot spinach

la collflor

la col de Bruselas la ensalada crudota)

el tomate

la judia verde 13 patata

meat

spicy cooked

sausage salami

leg of lamb pork chop chicken steak

ham

veal

el pescado el besugo los mariscos la merluza el bacalao

la fruta

raw

tomato green bean potato

la fruta la uva

la frambuesa la fresa dulce

el platano

el rnelocoton maduro(a)

el hmon

fruit

grape raspberry strawberry sweet banana peach

ripe

lemon

agrio(a) el melon Iii. cereza

el albaricoque la ciruela

la manzana la pera

la naranja

bitter, sharp melon cherry apricot plum

apple

pear

orange

29

Buying food

los fideos

los garbanzos las judias

la nata

la leche

la margarina el yogur

la. miel

los huevos

la rnermelada elazucar

la harina

pasta

chick peas kidney beans cream

milk margarine yogurt

honey

eggs

jam

sugar

flour

el aceite el vinagre la al

la pimienta

el condimento la mostaza

los congelados elpan

las especias el arroz

10 productos en lata el panecillo

el chocolate la galleta

la tarta

el bufiuelo la lorta

el helado el pastel

chocolate cookie

tart

doughnut

cake

ice-cream pastry, small tan

oil

vinegar

salt

pepper seasoning mu tard frozen food bread condiments rice

canned food roll

guisar

la receta

el ingrediente rnezclar probar

el sabor

I R.iqufsimo!

recipe ingredient to mix

to taste flavor, taste Delicious!

31

Pastimes

mirar la television la cadena

el programa

e cuchar la radio

los auriculares zapatear

leer

la novela la heroina elheroe

el peri6dico la revista

el tebeo

la poesla

to watch television channel

program

to listen to the radio headphones

to tap your feet

to knit

knitting needles pattern

yarn

coser la tela

las tijeras el hilo

el alfiler la aguja

la cinta elastica

to sew fabric scissor thread pin needle elastic

escuchar rruisica la grabadora

el cassette

el tocadiscos el disco

la rmisica pop

la rnusiea dasica

to listen to music cassette recorder cassette

record player record

pop music classical music

to read novel heroine hero newspaper magazine comic poetry

woodwork skillful, good with

your hands saw

to make hammer

10 mend screw screwd fiver

32

33

Pastimes

la fotografia tomar una foto

photography to take a

photograph camera

video camera film photograph in focus

out of focus

la rnaquina Iotografica la rnaquina de video

la pelieula

la foto

en foco

fuera de foeo

art gallery painter (rn) painting exhibition

pintar

el pincel la pintura

paint

el pintor el cuadro

la exposicidn

exposici6n

la rmisico

el instrumento tocar el violin tocar el piano toear la guitarra

musician (f) instrument

to play the violin to play the piano to play the gui ar

tocar los tam bores toear la trompeta tocar el violoncelo la orquesta

el director de orquesta

los juegos

jugar a las cartas jugar a las darnas jugar alajedrez

los juegos de tablero

games

to play cards

to play checkers to play chess board games

to play the drums to play the trumpet to play the cello orchestra conductor (m)

instrumento I

to sing tune choir

to sing out of tune

35

Going out

el cine

ir al cine

movie(s)

to go to the movies film

la pellcula la butaca

la acomodadora la taquilla

iT a una sala de

fiestas

el disc jockey bailar

la pista de baile

teatro

el teatro

la obra de teatro

el decorado de escena el foco

la actriz

el actor

la escena

el publico

aplaudir

gustarle a uno

jBravo!

theatre play scenery spotlight actress actor stage audience to clap

to enjoy, to like Bravo! Splendid!

ef bailarfn

el ballet el bailarjn actuar

ballet

ballet dancer (m) to perform

e[ restoran el camarero el menu

fQue van a tomar?

menu

What would you

like? to order to serve starter

main course

pedir servir

para empezar= el primer plato

[a opera

el cantante famoso(a}

el postre [a cuenta

tEsta incluido el serviciot

EI servicio no esta induido.

la propina

la bandeja

opera singer (m) famous

Is service included?

Service is not included. tip

tray

'Para empezar literally means "to start with".

37

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