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AIP New Zealand

GEN 2.2 - 1

GEN 2.2

ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS USED IN AIS PUBLICATIONS

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1.1

ABBREVIATIONS
General

1.1.1 The abbreviations used in the AIP New Zealand are generally in accordance with those listed in ICAO Abbreviations and Codes PANS-ABC (Doc 8400), and CAR Part 1. 1.1.2 Abbreviations are correct in the use of upper and/or lower case where there is an applicable international standard, such as for units of measurement (ICAO ANNEX 5). Upper case is always used in communications on the aeronautical fixed service, such as transmission on the international AFTN, or in the text of NOTAM. 1.1.3 A shortened list of abbreviations is also available on the Airways website. 1.1.4 In the following listing: * † ‡ means a non-ICAO abbreviation — for New Zealand domestic use only means abbreviations and terms are to be transmitted as spoken words when using radiotelephony means abbreviations and terms are to be transmitted as individual letters when using radiotelephony A A AAA A/A AAD AAL ABI ABM ABN ABT ABV AC Amber (or AAB, AAC ... etc in sequence) Amended meteorological message Air-to-air Assigned altitude deviation Above aerodrome level Advance boundary information Abeam Aerodrome beacon About Above Altocumulus

E Civil Aviation Authority

Effective: 23 NOV 06

GEN 2.2 - 2 † † ‡ ACARS ACAS ACC ACCID ACFT ACK ACL ACN ACNZ ACPT ACT AD AD ADA ADC ADDN ADEP ADES ADF ADIZ ADJ ADO ADR ADS-B ADS-C ADSU ADVS ADZ AES AFFF AFIL AFIS AFM AFRU AFS AFT AFTN A/G

AIP New Zealand Aircraft communication addressing and reporting system (pronounced “AY-CARS”) Airborne collision avoidance system (pronounced “AY-CASS”) Area control centre or area control Notification of an aircraft accident Aircraft Acknowledge Altimeter check location Aircraft classification number Airways Corporation of New Zealand Limited Accept or accepted Active or activated or activity Aerodrome Airworthiness Directive Advisory area Aerodrome chart Addition or additional Aerodrome of Departure Aerodrome of Destination Automatic direction-finding equipment or automatic direction-finder Air defence identification zone (pronounced “AY-DIZ”) Adjacent Aerodrome office (specify service) Advisory route Automatic Dependent Surveillance — Broadcast Automatic Dependent Surveillance — Contract Automatic dependent surveillance unit Advisory service Advise Aircraft earth station Aqueous film forming foam Flight plan filed in the air Aerodrome flight information service Yes or affirm or affirmative or that is correct Aerodrome frequency response unit Aeronautical fixed service After ... (time or place) Aeronautical fixed telecommunications network Air to ground

*

*

* * ‡ †

*

*

Effective: 12 FEB 09

E Civil Aviation Authority

AIP New Zealand AGA AGL AGN AGNIS AIC AIDC AIP AIPNZ AIRAC AIREP AIRMET

GEN 2.2 - 3

* † †

AIS ALA ALERFA ALRS ALS ALT ALTN ALTN AMA AMD AMDT AMS AMSL AMSS ANC ANS AOC AP APAPI APCH APDC APIS APN

Aerodromes, air routes and ground aids Above ground level Again Azimuth guidance for nose-in stands Aeronautical information circular Air traffic services inter-facility data communication Aeronautical information publication Aeronautical information publication of New Zealand Aeronautical information regulation and control Air report Information concerning enroute weather phenomena which may affect the safety of low-level aircraft operations Aeronautical information services Alighting area Alert phase Alerting service Approach lighting system Altitude Alternate or alternating (light alternates in colour) Alternate (aerodrome) Area minimum altitude Amend Amendment (AIP Amendment) Aeronautical mobile service Above mean sea level Aeronautical mobile satellite service Aeronautical chart 1:500 000 (followed by name/title) Answer Aerodrome obstacle chart (followed by type and name/title) Airport Abbreviated precision approach path indicator (pronounced “AY-PAPI”) Approach Aircraft parking/docking chart (followed by name/title) Aircraft parking information system Apron

E Civil Aviation Authority

Effective: 4 SEP 03

GEN 2..2 . (time or place) Air traffic services Air Traffic Services Centre Attention Abbreviated T visual approach slope indicator system (pronounced “AY-TEE-VASIS”) * * * † Effective: 4 SEP 03 E Civil Aviation Authority ..4 APP APR APRX APSG APV ARC ARC ARFL ARFOR ARNG ARO ARP ARQ ARR ARST AS ASC ASDA ASE ASPH AT ‡ ‡ * ‡ † ATA ATC ATCC ATD ATFM ATIS ATM ATN ATP ATS ATSC ATTN AT-VASIS AIP New Zealand Approach control office or Approach control or Approach control service April Approximate or approximately After passing Approve or approved or approval Area chart Aerodrome reference code Aerodrome reference field length Area forecast (in aeronautical meteorological code) Arrange Air traffic services reporting office Aerodrome reference point Automatic error correction Arrive or arrival Arresting [specify (part of) aircraft arresting equipment] Altostratus Ascend to or Ascending to Accelerate-stop distance available Altimetry system error Asphalt At (followed by time at which weather change is forecast to occur) Actual time of arrival Air traffic control (in general) Air Traffic Control Centre Actual time of departure or Along Track Distance Air traffic flow management Automatic terminal information service Air traffic management Aeronautical telecommunication network At .

AIP New Zealand AUG AUTH AUW AUX AVASIS AVBL AVG AVGAS AWIB AWS AWTA AWY AZM B * † B B BA BASE BCFG BCN BCST BDRY BECMG BFR BI BKN BL .... SA=sand or SN=snow) Building Below clouds Below . BLDG BLO BLW BOMB BR BRF BRG BRKG BRNAV BS BTL BTN BWR GEN 2.5 D * † * August Authorised or Authorisation All up weight Auxiliary Abbreviated visual approach slope indicator system (pronounced “AY-VASIS”) Available or Availability Average Aviation gasoline Aerodrome and weather information broadcast Automatic weather station Advise at what time able Airway Azimuth * *† Blue Bitumen Braking action Cloud base Fog patches Beacon (Aeronautical ground light) Broadcast Boundary Becoming Before Bi-directional Broken Blowing (followed by DU=dust. Bombing Mist Short (used to indicate the type of approach desired or required) Bearing Braking Basic area navigation (pronounced “BEE-AR-NAV”) Commercial broadcasting station Between layers Between Basic Weather Report E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 25 NOV 04 .2 ..

etc in sequence) Corrected meteorological message Candela(s) Change frequency to Course Fix (used with GPS approaches — often equivalent to IF) Confirm or I confirm Common Frequency Zone Circling guidance light(s) Channel Cirrus Common ICAO interchange network Near or over large town(s) Civil Check Centre line Clear type of ice formation Calibration Cloud Calling Climbing indicated speed Cleared or Cleared to .. CCC ..2 .GEN 2.. navigation and surveillance Column Communications Concrete Effective: 15 FEB 07 E Civil Aviation Authority .. or Clearance Close or Closed or Closing Centimetre Climb to or Climbing to Completion or Completed or Complete Commissioned Cancel or Cancelled Communications.6 C C C CAA CAR CASO CAT CAT CB CC CCA CD CF CF CFM CFZ CGL CH CI CIDIN CIT CIV CK CL CLA CLBR CLD CLG CLIAS CLR CLSD CM CMB CMPL CMSD CNL CNS COL COM CONC AIP New Zealand * * *† ‡ * * * ‡ * * * Centre (runway identification) Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) NZ Civil Aviation Authority NZ Civil Aviation Rules Civil Aviation Safety Order (pronounced “KAYSO”) Category Clear air turbulence Cumulonimbus (pronounced “CEE BEE”) Cirrocumulus (or CCB.

2 . D D DA D-ATIS DCA DCD DCKG Condition(s) Continuous Construction or Constructed Continue or Continued Coordinate or Coordination Coordinates Change-over point Correct or Corrected At the coast Cover or Covered or Covering Controller-pilot data link communications Cyclic redundancy check Cruise Cirrostratus Control area Climb to and maintain Contact Control Caution Control zone Cumulus Cumuliform Customs Controlled VFR Cockpit voice recorder Continuous wave Clearway GEN 2.7 ‡ * † * Day Danger area (followed by identification) Downhill Downward (tendency in RVR during previous 10 minutes) Decision altitude Data link automatic terminal information service (pronounced “DEE-ATIS”) Director of Civil Aviation Double channel duplex Docking E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 SEP 03 ...AIP New Zealand COND CONS CONST CONT COOR COORD COP COR COT COV CPDLC CRC CRZ CS CTA CTAM CTC CTL CTN CTR CU CUF CUST CVFR CVR CW CWY D * * d D .

SA=sand or SN=snow) Dead reckoning During Duststorm Double sideband Descend to and maintain Date–time group Displaced runway threshold Deteriorate or Deteriorating Dual tandem wheels Dust † * * * Effective: 4 SEP 03 E Civil Aviation Authority .GEN 2.2 .8 * DCMSD DCPC DCS DCT DEC DEG DEP DES DEST DETRESFA DEV DF DFDR DFTI DH DIF DISP DIST DIV DLA DLIC DLV DLY DME DNG DOM DP DPT DR DR DRG DS DSB DTAM DTG DTHR DTRT DTW DU AIP New Zealand Decommissioned Direct controller-pilot communications Double channel simplex Direct (in relation to flight plan clearances and type of approach) December Degrees Depart or Departure Descend to or Descending to Destination Distress phase Deviation or Deviating Direction finding Digital flight data recorder Distance from touchdown indicator Decision height Diffuse Displaced Distance Divert or Diverting or Diversion Delay or Delayed Data link initiation capability Delivery Daily Distance measuring equipment Danger or Dangerous Domestic Dewpoint temperature Depth Low drifting (followed by DU=dust.

9 * † * * * ‡ East or Eastern longitude Expected approach time Eastbound Evening civil twilight (end of daylight) Estimated elapsed time Expect further clearance Enhanced ground proximity warning system Extremely high frequency [30 000 to 300 000 MHz] Emergency locator beacon — aircraft Elevation Extra long range Emergency locator transmitter Emission Embedded in a layer (to indicate cumulonimbus embedded in layers of other clouds) Emergency Stop-end (related to RVR) Endurance East north-east Engine Enroute Enroute chart (followed by name/title) Emergency position indicating radio beacon Estimated off-blocks time Effective operational length Equipment Here  or Herewith East south-east Estimate or Estimated Equivalent single wheel load Estimated time of arrival or estimating arrival E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 SEP 03 .2 .AIP New Zealand DUC DUR D-VOLMET DVOR DW DZ E E EAT EB ECT EET EFC EGPWS EHF ELBA ELEV ELR ELT EM EMBD EMERG END ENDC ENE ENG ENR ENRC EPIRB EOBT EOL EQPT ER ESE EST ESWL ETA Dense upper cloud Duration Data link VOLMET Doppler VOR Dual wheels Drizzle GEN 2.

g.10 ‡ * ETD ETO ETOPS EV EXC EXER EXP EXTD F F FAC FAF FAL FAP FATO FAX FBL AIP New Zealand Estimated time of departure or estimating departure Estimated time over a significant point Extended-range twin-engine operations Every Except Exercises or Exercising or to Exercise Expect or Expected or Expecting Extend or Extending ‡ * FC FCST FCT FDPS FEB FG FIC FIR FIS FISA FISB FL FLD FLG FLR FLT FLTCK FLUC FLW FLY Fixed Facilities Final approach fix Facilitation of international air transport Final approach point Final approach and take-off area Facsimile transmission Light (used to indicate the intensity of weather phenomena. FBL RA=light rain) Funnel cloud Forecast Friction coefficient Flight data processing system February Fog Flight information centre Flight information region Flight information service Automated flight information service Flight information service broadcasts Flight level Field Flashing Flares Flight Flight check Fluctuating or Fluctuation or Fluctuated Follow(s) or Following Fly or Flying Effective: 27 SEP 07 E Civil Aviation Authority . interference or static reports. e.2 .GEN 2.

11 ‡ * † * * From (followed by time weather change is forecast to begin) From Flight management system Flow management unit Final approach Flight plan designator Feet per minute Flight plan route Fuel remaining Frequency Friday Firing Front (relating to weather) Frequent Flight service Full stop landing Flight service station First Feet (dimensional unit) Smoke Freezing Freezing drizzle Freezing fog Freezing level Freezing rain * * GA GAA G/A G/A/G GAMET GEN GEO Green Indicator for variations from the mean wind speed (gusts) (used in the METAR/SPECI and TAF code forms) General aviation General aviation area (applies to airspace) Ground-to-air Ground-to-air and air-to-ground Area forecast for low-level flights General Geographic or true E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 SEP 03 .2 .AIP New Zealand FM ... FM FMS FMU FNA FPD FPM FPR FR FREQ FRI FRNG FRONT FRQ FS FSL FSS FST ft FU FZ FZDZ FZFG FZL FZRA G G G GEN 2.

”h” H24 HAPI HBN HDF HDG HEL HEL-L HEL-M HEL-H AIP New Zealand Ground earth station Whole hours UTC Glider Global orbiting navigation satellite system (pronounced “GLO-NASS”) Ground movement chart (followed by name/title) Ground Ground check Global navigation satellite system Glide path Global Positioning System Ground proximity warning system Group Hail or soft hail Grass Firm grass Soft grass Grass landing area Processed meteorological data in the form of grid values (in aeronautical meteorological code) Gravel Small hail and/or snow pellets Ground speed Geoid undulation * † ‡ ‡ * * * * * * * * High pressure area or the centre of high pressure Depth of flexible pavement Continuous day and night service Helicopter approach path indicator Hazard beacon High frequency direction-finding station Heading Helicopter Light helicopter (radius of action of 50NM and capacity for evacuating one person) Medium helicopter (radius of action of 50 to 100NM and capacity for evacuating 2–5 persons) Heavy helicopter (radius of action in excess of 100NM and capacity for evacuating 2–5 persons) Effective: 4 SEP 03 E Civil Aviation Authority .2 .GEN 2.12 GES GG GLD GLONASS GMC GND GNDCK GNSS GP GPS GPWS Gp GR Gr Gr(f) Gr(s) GRASS GRIB GRVL GS GS GUND H * H ”H”.

e.13 * High frequency [3 000 to 30 000 kHz] Height or Height above Sunrise to sunset Holding Sunset to sunrise Service available to meet operational requirements Holiday Hospital aircraft Hectopascal Hours Service available during hours of scheduled operations Health and usage monitoring system Hurricane High and very high frequency direction-finding stations (at the same location) Heavy Heavy (used to indicate the intensity of weather phenomena.2 .g. HVY RA=heavy rain) No specific working hours Higher Dust haze Hertz (cycles per second) † ‡ Instrument approach chart Initial approach fix In and out of clouds Intersection of air routes Indicated air speed Identification beacon Ice crystals (very small ice crystals in suspension — also known as diamond dust) International Civil Aviation Organisation Icing Identifier or Identify Identification Initial Departure Fix Intermediate approach fix Identification friend/foe Instrument flight rules E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 11 FEB 10 .AIP New Zealand ‡ HF HGT HJ HLDG HN HO HOL HOSP hPa HR HS HUMS HURCN HVDF HVY HVY HX HYR HZ Hz I IAC IAF IAO IAR IAS IBN IC * ICAO ICE ID IDENT IDF IF IFF IFR GEN 2.

GEN 2.2 .14 * ‡ ‡ IFT IGA ILS IM IMC IMG IMPR IMT INA INBD INC INCERFA INFO INOP INP INPR INS INSTL INSTR INT INTL INTRG INTRP INTSF INTST IR ISA ISB ISOL J JAN JTST JUL JUN K kg kHz km kmh kPa kt kW AIP New Zealand Instrument Flight Test (Initial Issue) International general aviation Instrument landing system Inner marker Instrument meteorological conditions Immigration Improve or improving Immediate or Immediately Initial approach Inbound In cloud Uncertainty phase Information Inoperative If not possible In progress Inertial navigation system Install or Installed or Installation Instrument Intersection International Interrogator Interrupt or Interruption or Interrupted Intensify or Intensifying Intensity Ice on runway International standard atmosphere Independent sideband Isolated † † January Jet stream July June Kilogram/s Kilohertz Kilometre/s Kilometres per hour KiloPascal/s Knot/s Kilowatt/s Effective: 2 AUG 07 E Civil Aviation Authority .

“l” LAN LAT LCA LDA LDAH LDG LDI LEN LF LFZ LGT LGTD LIH LIL LIM LL LL CA LLZ LM LMT LNAV LNG LO LOA LOC LONG LORAN LRG LRNS LTD LTT LV LVE LVL LYR GEN 2.2 . helicopter Landing Landing direction indicator Length Low frequency [30 to 300 kHz] Low flying zone Light or Lighting Lighted Light intensity high Light intensity low Light intensity medium Lower limit(s) Lower limit of controlled airspace Localiser Locator. middle Local mean time Lateral navigation Long (used to indicate the type of approach desired or required) Locator.AIP New Zealand L * L L L L “L”. LO) Low pressure area or the centre of low pressure Radius of relative stiffness of rigid pavement Inland Latitude Local or Locally or Location or Located Landing distance available Landing distance available.15 * * * * * * † * Left (runway identification) Litres Locator (see LM. outer Length overall Localiser Longitude Long range air navigation system Long range Long range navigation system Limited Landline teletypewriter Light and variable (relating to wind) Leave or Leaving Level Layer or Layered E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 23 SEP 10 .

2 .16 M M M m MAA MAG MAINT MAP MAPt MAR MAR MAUW MAX MAY MBZ MCA MCT MCTOW MCW MDA MDF MDH MEA MED MEHT MEL MET METAR MET REPORT MF MFA MHDF MHVDF AIP New Zealand * * * * * * † † * Mach number (followed by figures) Indicator for minimum value of runway visual range (used in the METAR/SPECI code forms) Metre/s (preceded by figures) Maximum authorised altitude Magnetic Maintenance Aeronautical maps and charts Missed approach point March At sea Maximum all-up weight Maximum May Mandatory Broadcast Zone Minimum crossing altitude Morning civil twilight (beginning of daylight) Maximum certificated take-off weight Modulated continuous wave Minimum descent altitude Medium frequency direction-finding station Minimum descent height Minimum enroute altitude Medical Minimum eye height over threshold (for visual approach slope indicator systems) Minimum equipment list Meteorological or Meteorology Aviation routine weather report (in aeronautical meteorological code) Local routine meteorological report (in abbreviated plain language) Medium frequency [300 to 3 000 kHz] Minimum flight altitude Medium and high frequency direction-finding stations (at the same location) Medium.GEN 2. High and Very High frequency direction-finding stations (at the same location) Effective: 4 SEP 03 E Civil Aviation Authority .

g. interference or static reports. e.AIP New Zealand MHz MID MIFG MIL min MKR MLFZ MLS MM MNM MNPS MNT MNTN MOA MOC MOD GEN 2. MOD RA=moderate rain. based on Civil Aviation Rule Part 91.423) Minimum sector altitude (ICAO definition based on 25NM obstacle clearance) Minimum safe altitude warning Message Mean sea level Monopulse secondary surveillance radar Mountain Maximum take-off weight Maximum tyre pressure Metric units Mountain waves Medium and very high frequency direction-finding stations (at the same location) Major world air route area Meteorological watch office Mixed type of ice formation (white and clear) E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 15 FEB 07 .2 .) Above mountains Monday Move or Moving or Movement Minimum operational performance standards Metres per second Minimum reception altitudes Medium range ATS/MET reporting point Minus Minimum safe altitude (non-ICAO usage.17 * ‡ * * MON MON MOV MOPS MPS MRA MRG MRP MS MSA MSA 25 NM MSAW MSG MSL MSSR MT MTOW MTP MTU MTW MVDF MWARA MWO MX * * * Megahertz Mid-point (related to RVR) Shallow fog Military Minute/s Marker radio beacon Military low flying zone Microwave landing system Middle marker Minimum Minimum navigation performance specifications Monitor or Monitoring or Monitored Maintain Military operating area Minimum obstacle clearance (required) Moderate (used to indicate the intensity of weather phenomena.

2 . procedure or hazard. service.GEN 2.18 N N N NA NASC NAV NB NBFR NC NDB NDT NE NEB NEG NGT NIL NM NML NNE NNW NOF NORDO NOSIG NOTAM AIP New Zealand * † ‡ * † † † † ‡ * * * ‡ * NOV NOZ NPA NR NRCC NRH NS NSC NSW NTL NTZ NU No distinct tendency (in RVR during previous 10 minutes) North or Northern latitude Not authorised National AIS system centre Navigation Northbound Not before No change Non-directional radio beacon Non-destructive testing North-east North-eastbound No or Negative or Permission not granted or That is not correct Night None or I have nothing to send you Nautical miles Normal North north-east North north-west International NOTAM office Non-radio equipped No significant change (used in trend-type landing forecasts) A notice containing information concerning the establishment. condition or change in any aeronautical facility. the timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel concerned with flight operations November Normal operating zone Non-precision approach Number National Rescue Coordination Centre No reply heard Nimbostratus Nil significant cloud Nil significant weather National No transgression zone Not usable Effective: 4 SEP 03 E Civil Aviation Authority .

AIP New Zealand NW NWB NWFC NXT NZ NZA NZB NZC NZD NZDT NZG NZL NZM NZMS NZP NZR NZST NZT NZV O OAC OAS OBS OBSC OBST OCA OCA OCC OCH OCNL OCR OCS OCT OEI OFIS OFZ OHD OKTA OL OLDI OM OMNI OPA GEN 2.19 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * North-west North-westbound National weather forecasting centre Next New Zealand Controlled Airspace (followed by identification) Mandatory Broadcast Zone (followed by identification) Common Frequency Zone (followed by identification) Danger area (followed by identification) New Zealand daylight time (UTC plus 13 hours) General Aviation Area (followed by identification) Low Flying Zone (followed by identification) Military Operating Area (followed by identification) New Zealand Mapping Service map series number (followed by identification) Parachute Landing Area (followed by identification) Restricted area (followed by identification) New Zealand standard time (UTC plus 12 hours) VFR Transit Lane (followed by identification) Volcanic Hazard Zone (followed by identification) * * † † * ‡ *† Oceanic area control centre Obstacle assessment surface Observe or Observed or Observation Obscure or Obscured or Obscuring Obstacle Obstacle clearance altitude Oceanic control area Occulting (light) Obstacle clearance height Occasional or Occasionally Oceanic Radar Sector Obstacle clearance surface October One engine inoperative Operational flight information service broadcasts Obstacle free zone Overhead Eighths of sky cover Overland On-line data interchange Outer marker Omni-directional Opaque.2 . white type of ice formation E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 JUN 09 .

GEN 2.2 .. PAL PALS PANS PAPI PAR PARL PATC PAX PCD PCL PCN PDC PDG PER PERM PIB PIREP PJE PL PLA PLA PLN ‡ † * Indicator for maximum value of wind speed or runway visual range (used in the METAR/SPECI and TAF code forms) Prohibited area (followed by identification) Pilot activated lighting Precision approach lighting system (specify category) Procedures for air navigation services Precision approach path indicator Precision approach radar Parallel Precision approach terrain chart (followed by name/title) Passenger(s) Proceed or Proceeding Pilot-controlled lighting Pavement classification number Pre-departure clearance Procedure design gradient Performance Permanent Pre-flight information bulletin Pilot’s report Parachute jumping exercise Ice pellets Practice low approach Parachute landing area Flight plan Effective: 2 AUG 07 E Civil Aviation Authority .20 OPC OPMET OPN OPR OPS O/R ORD OSV OTLK OTP OUBD OVC OW P P AIP New Zealand The control indicated is operational control Operational meteorological (information) Open or Opening or Opened Operator or Operate or Operative or Operating or Operational Operations On request Indication of an order Ocean station vehicle Outlook (used in SIGMET messages for volcanic ash and tropical cyclones) On top Outbound Overcast Over water † † * *† † † ‡ P ..

2 .21 † ‡ * Magnetic heading (zero wind) Magnetic heading Atmospheric pressure at aerodrome level (or at runway threshold) Magnetic orientation of runway An altimeter sub-scale setting to obtain elevation when on the ground True bearing Quadrant E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 SEP 03 .AIP New Zealand PLVL PN PNR PO POB POSS PPI PPR PPSN PRFG PRI PRKG PROB PROC PROV PS PSG PSN PSR PSYS PTN PTS PVT PWR Q ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ QDM QDR QFE QFU QNH QTE QUAD Present level Prior notice required Point of no return Dust/sand whirls (dust devils) Persons on board Possible Plan position indicator Prior permission required Present position Aerodrome partially covered by fog Primary Parking Probability Procedure Provisional Plus Passing Position Primary surveillance radar Pressure system Procedure turn Polar track structure Private Power GEN 2.

2 . Registration Runway end identifier lights Runway end light(s) Report or Reporting or Reporting point Request or Requested Re-route Runway end safety area Effective: 16 MAR 06 E Civil Aviation Authority ...g.g... R345 Rain Regional area forecast centre Runway arresting gear Ragged Runway alignment indicator Receiver autonomous integrity monitoring Regional AIS system centre Rescue boat Reach cruising altitude Rescue Coordination Centre Reach or Reaching Runway centre line Runway centre line light(s) Recleared Regional and Domestic air route area Reference datum height Radial Radio radar data processing system Recent (used to qualify weather phenomena. RE REC REDL REF REG REIL RENL REP REQ RERTE RESA AIP New Zealand * † † * * * † Indicator for runway visual range (used in the METAR/Speci code forms) Red Right (runway identification) Restricted area (followed by identification) VOR Radial. RERA=recent rain) Rolled earth Receive or Receiver Runway edge light(s) Reference to .22 R R R R R R RA RAFC RAG RAG RAI RAIM RASC RB RCA RCC RCH RCL RCLL RCLR RDARA RDH RDL RDO RDPS RE . e. or Refer to .GEN 2.. e..

AIP New Zealand * * * * RESTR RF RF RFDPS RFS RG RHC RIF RITE RL RLA RLCE RLLS RLNA RMK RNAV RNG RNP RNZAF ROBEX ROC ROD ROFOR ROL RON RPI RPL RPLC RPM RPS RQMNTS RR RSC RSCD RSP RSR RTE RTF RTG RTHL RTN GEN 2.23 † * † * ‡ * Restriction(s) Radio frequency Constant radius arc to a fix radar and flight data processing system Rescue fire service Range (lights) Right-hand circuit Re-clearance in flight Right (direction of turn) Reporting leaving Relay to Request level change enroute Runway lead-in lighting system Request level not available Remark(s) Area navigation (pronounced “AR-NAV”) Radio range Required navigation performance Royal New Zealand Air Force Routine OPMET Bulletin Exchange (scheme) Rate of climb Rate of descent Route forecast Route operating limitation Receiving only Radar position indicator Repetitive flight plan Replace or Replaced Revolutions per minute Radar position symbol Requirements Report reaching Rescue sub-centre Runway surface condition Responder beacon Enroute surveillance radar Route Radio telephone Radiotelegraph Runway threshold light(s) Return or Returned or Returning E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 8 APR 10 .2 .

GEN 2.24 RTODAH RTS RTT RTZL RUT RV RVR RVSM RWY S s S S SA SALS SAN SAP SAR SARPS SAT SATCOM SB SC SCT SDBY SE SEB SEC SECN SECT SEIFR SELCAL SEP SER SEV AIP New Zealand Rejected take-off distance available.2 . helicopter Return to service Radio teletypewriter Runway touchdown zone light(s) Standard regional route transmitting frequencies Rescue vessel Runway visual range Reduced vertical separation minimum Runway ‡ † † * † Second/s Indicator for state of the sea (used in the METAR/SPECI code forms) South or Southern latitude Sand Simple approach lighting system Sanitary As soon as possible Search and rescue Standards and recommended practices [ICAO] Saturday Satellite communication Southbound Stratocumulus Scattered Standby South-east South-eastbound Seconds Section Sector Single-engined IFR Selective calling system September Service or Servicing or Serviced Severe (used to qualify icing and turbulence reports) Effective: 4 SEP 03 E Civil Aviation Authority .

25 † † SHF SID SIF SIG SIGMET SIGWX SIMUL SIWL SKC SKED SLP SLW SMC SMR SN SNOCLO † SNOWTAM D † † * SOT SPECI SPECIAL SPOC SPOT SQ † Surface Snow grains Signal Showers (followed by RA=rain. ice. SHRASN=showers of rain and snow) Super high frequency [3 000 to 30 000 MHz] Standard instrument departure Selective identification feature Significant Information concerning enroute weather phenomena which may affect the safety of aircraft operations Significant weather Simultaneous or Simultaneously Single isolated wheel load Sky clear Schedule or Scheduled Speed limiting point Slow Surface movement control Surface movement radar Snow Indicator for the aerodrome being closed due to snow on the runway (used in the METAR/SPECI code forms) A special series NOTAM notifying the presence or removal of hazardous conditions due to snow. SN=snow. PL=ice pellets. GR=hail.g.AIP New Zealand SFC SG SGL SH GEN 2.2 . GS=small hail and/or ice pellets or combinations thereof. slush or standing water associated with snow. by means of a specific format Start of take-off run available Aviation selected special weather report (in aeronautical meteorological code) Special meteorological report (in abbreviated plain language) SAR point of contact Spot wind Squall E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 29 JUL 10 . slush and ice on the movement area. e.

26 SQL SR SRA SRC SRE SRG SRR SRY SS SS SSB SSE SSR SST SSW ST St STA STAR STD STF STN STNR STOL STS STWL SUA SUBJ SUN SUP SUPPS SVC SVCBL SVFR SW SWB SWY AIP New Zealand Squall line Sunrise Surveillance radar approach Standard Route Clearance Surveillance radar element of a precision approach radar system Short range Search and rescue region Secondary Sandstorm Sunset Single sideband South south-east Secondary surveillance radar Supersonic transport South south-west Stratus Stabilised Straight-in approach Standard instrument arrival Standard Stratiform Station Stationary Short take-off and landing Status Stopway light(s) Special Use Airspace Subject to Sunday Supplement (AIP Supplement) Regional supplementary procedures Service message Serviceable Special visual flight rules South-west South-westbound Stopway * ‡ * † * * Effective: 29 JUL 10 E Civil Aviation Authority .GEN 2.2 .

.AIP New Zealand T * † † * † * T T TA TACAN TAF TAIC TAIL TALO TAR TAS TAX TBA TC TCAD TCAS TCH GEN 2.. PAPI and VASIS glide path (measured in feet above runway threshold) Towering cumulus Tornado Touchdown zone Touchdown zone elevation Technical reason Telephone Temporary or Temporarily Traffic Touch-and-go landing Taxiing guidance system Threshold Through Thursday Traffic information broadcast by aircraft Until Until past . PRA.27 * * * * † † † TCU TDO TDZ TDZE TECR TEL TEMPO TFC TGL TGS THR THRU THU TIBA TIL TIP TKOF TL . Temperature True (bearing. heading.. (place) Take-off Till (followed by the time by which weather change is forecast to end) E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 23 NOV 06 .2 .. track) Transition altitude UHF tactical air navigation aid Aerodrome forecast Transport Accident Investigation Commission Tailwind Touchdown and lift-off area (located at a heliport) Terminal area surveillance radar True air speed Taxiing or Taxi To be advised Tropical cyclone Traffic alert and collision avoidance device Traffic alert and collision avoidance system Threshold crossing height — ILS.

SN=snow.g. * † TSO TT TUE TURB T-VASIS TVOR TWR TWY TWYL TX TYP TYPH Effective: 23 NOV 06 E Civil Aviation Authority . TS used alone means thunder heard but no precipitation at the aerodrome) Thunderstorm (followed by RA=rain... TSRASN=thunderstorm with rain and snow) Technical standard order Teletypewriter Tuesday Turbulence “T” visual approach slope indicator system (pronounced “TEE-VASIS”) Terminal VOR Aerodrome control tower or Aerodrome control Taxiway Taxiway-link Indicator for maximum temperature (used in the TAF code form) Type of aircraft Typhoon * † † TS . PL=ice pellets..2 .GEN 2. (place) Top of climb Top of descent Take-off distance available Take-off distance available.28 TLOF TM TN TNA TNH TO TOC TOD TODA TODAH TOP TORA TP TR TRA TRANS TREND TRL TROP TS AIP New Zealand Touchdown and lift-off area Transponder mandatory (used after text listing of airspace) Indicator for minimum temperature (used in the TAF code form) Turn altitude Turn height To .. helicopter Cloud top Take-off run available Turning point Track Temporary reserved airspace Transmits or Transmitter Trend forecast Transition level Tropopause Thunderstorm (in aerodrome reports and forecasts. GS=small hail and/or snow pellets or combinations thereof. GR=hail. e.

29 * ‡ ‡ * *† ‡ Uphill Upward (tendency in RVR during previous 10 minutes) Until advised by .AIP New Zealand U * U U UAB UAC UAR UAV UDF UFN UHDT UHF UIC UIR UL ULR UNA UNAP UNICOM UNL UNREL U/S UTC V V VA VAAC VAC VAL VAN VAR VAR VASIS VC GEN 2. FC=funnel cloud. PO=dust/sand whirls. SH=showers. e. VCFG=vicinity fog) E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 15 FEB 07 .. BLDU=blowing dust..g. Upper area control centre Upper air route Unmanned aerial vehicle Ultra high frequency direction-finding station Until further notice Unable higher due traffic Ultra high frequency [300 to 3 000 MHz] Upper information centre Upper flight information region Upper limit(s) Ultra long range Unable Unable to approve Universal Communication Service Unlimited Unreliable Unserviceable Co-ordinated universal time † Indicator for variations from the mean wind direction (used in the METAR/SPECI code forms) Volcanic ash Volcanic ash advisory centre Visual approach chart In valleys Runway control van Visual-aural radio range Magnetic variation Visual approach slope indicator system Vicinity of the aerodrome (followed by FG=fog. BLSA=blowing sand or BLSN=blowing snow.2 .

GEN 2.30 VCY VDF VER VFR VHF VHZ VIP VIS VLF VLR VMC VNAV VOLMET VNC VOR VORSEC VORTAC VOT VPA VPC VRB VSA VSM VSP VTOL VV AIP New Zealand Vicinity VHF direction-finding station Vertical Visual flight rules Very high frequency [30 to 300 MHz] Volcanic hazard zone Very important person Visibility Very low frequency [3 to 30 kHz] Very long range Visual meteorological conditions Vertical navigation Meteorological information for aircraft in flight Visual navigation chart VHF Omni-directional radio range VOR/DME Minimum Sector Altitude Chart VOR and TACAN combination VOR airborne equipment test facility Vertical path angle Visual planning chart Variable By visual reference to the ground Vertical separation minimum Vertical speed Vertical take-off and landing Vertical visibility (used in the METAR/SPECI and TAF code forms) ‡ ‡ * ‡ † * ‡ *† † * * W W W WAC WAFC WAFS WB WBAR WDI WDSPR WED WEF West or Western longitude White World Aeronautical Chart — ICAO 1:1 000 000 (followed by name/title) World area forecast centre World area forecast system — ICAO Westbound Wing bar lights Wind direction indicator Widespread Wednesday With effect from or effective from * Effective: 17 MAR 05 E Civil Aviation Authority .2 .

2 .AIP New Zealand WGS 84 WI WID WIE WILCO WINTEM WIP WKN WMO WNW WO WPT WRNG WS WSPD WSW WT WTSPT WWW WX X X XBAR XNG XS Y Y YCZ YR Z Z Co-ordinated universal time Yellow Yellow caution zone (runway lighting) Your Cross Crossbar (of approach lighting system) Crossing Atmospherics GEN 2.31 † * World Geodetic System — 1984 Within Width With immediate effect or effective immediately Will comply Forecast upper wind and temperature for aviation Work in progress Weaken or Weakening World meteorological organisation West north-west Without Way-point Warning Wind shear Wind speed West south-west Weight Waterspout Worldwide web Weather E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 SEP 03 .

spins. aerodrome flight information service. or offering to engage in. Aircraft Operating Agency: The person. and servicing of aircraft. Aerodrome Ground Services: Services provided at an aerodrome. preventing collisions on the manoeuvring area between aircraft and obstructions. and MET service.GEN 2. or manoeuvres such as rolls. organisation or enterprise engaged in.1.1 DEFINITIONS List of Definitions 2. Effective: 9 APR 09 E Civil Aviation Authority . an aircraft operation. Rescue Fire Service. surface movement. or a combination of such manoeuvres.2 .1 The definitions listed below are used in AIS publications: Accelerate stop distance available (ASDA): Accelerate stop distance available for an abandoned take-off. Aerodrome: Any defined area of land or water intended or designed to be used either wholly or partially for the landing. Aerobatic Flight: Any intentional manoeuvre in which the aircraft is in sustained inverted flight or is rolled from upright to inverted or from inverted to upright position. as part of the aeronautical fixed service. hammerhead or whip stall. ASDA is the declared length of the runway available. upward vertical flight culminating in a stall turn. installations and equipment on or adjacent to the area used in connection with the aerodrome or its administration. for the exchange of messages and/or digital data between aeronautical fixed stations. Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network (AFTN): A worldwide system of aeronautical fixed circuits provided. and expediting and maintaining a safe and efficient flow of air traffic. loops. including Aeronautical Information Service pre-flight briefing. Air Traffic Services (aerodrome control. normally below 100ft AGL and at speeds above 10kt. Aerodrome elevation: The elevation of the highest point of the landing area. plus the length of the stopway (if provided).32 AIP New Zealand 2 2. Aviation Security Service. Air Taxi: Instruction to a helicopter to proceed expeditiously from one point to another. Aerodrome reference point: The designated geographical location of an aerodrome. Aerodrome Traffic Circuit: The specified path to be flown by aircraft operating in the vicinity of an aerodrome. alerting service). Air Traffic Control (ATC): A service provided for the purpose of preventing collisions between aircraft. This includes any buildings. departure.

and assistance for such organisations as required. refuelling. They use obstacle assessment surfaces similar to those for ILS.000ft covering more than half the sky. alerting service.2 . nominally 3°. or maintenance. Alerting service: A service provided to notify appropriate organisations regarding aircraft in need of search and rescue aid.AIP New Zealand GEN 2. Ceiling: The height above the ground or water of the base of the lowest layer of cloud below 20. rounded up to the nearest (next higher) 30m (100ft). and any other service considered by the Director to be necessary or desirable for the safe and efficient operation of the civil aviation system. E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 JUN 09 . aerodrome flight information service (AFIS). An alerting service is provided to aircraft that: (a) (b) (c) (d) are provided with an air traffic control service. The computer-resolved vertical guidance is based on barometric altitude and is specified as a vertical path angle from RDH. or submit a SARWATCH.33 Air Traffic Services (ATS): A set of services including air traffic control. parking. a point or an object considered as a point. measured from mean sea level (MSL). Apron: A defined area on a land aerodrome intended to accommodate aircraft for purposes of loading or unloading passengers or cargo. that provides a minimum obstacle clearance within a specified area. Note: The minimum vertical clearance is 300m (1000ft) or in designated mountainous terrain 600m (2000ft) above all obstacles located in the area specified. Area minimum altitude (AMA): The minimum altitude to be used under instrument meteorological conditions (IMC). or are known by any air traffic service to be in need of assistance (includes unlawful interference). flight information service. normally formed by parallels and meridians. Barometric Vertical Navigation (Baro-VNAV): A navigation system that presents to the pilot computed vertical guidance referenced to a specified vertical path angle (VPA). or file a flight plan. but based on the specific RNAV lateral guidance system. and neither a FAF nor a missed approach point (MAPt) are identified. Altitude: The vertical distance of a level. Baro-VNAV approach procedures utilise a DA/H and not an MDA/H.

Controlled airspace: An airspace of defined dimensions within which an air traffic control service is provided to IFR flights. Air Traffic Services. or parking brake off. Domestic: A term pertaining to either an aerodrome which is not a designated international aerodrome. and to VFR flights. in accordance with the airspace classification.34 AIP New Zealand Change-over point (COP): The point at which an aircraft navigating on an ATS route segment defined by reference to very high frequency omnidirectional radio ranges is expected to transfer its primary navigational reference from the facility behind the aircraft to the next facility ahead of the aircraft. Estimated Time of Departure (ETD): The estimated time at which the aircraft will commence take-off. at which a missed approach must be initiated if the required visual reference to continue the approach has not been established. the design aeroplane is the aeroplane with the greatest wheelbase that the aerodrome is intended to serve. Design Aeroplane: The largest aeroplane the aerodrome is intended to serve. Elevation: The vertical distance of a point or a level. Change-over points are established to provide the optimum balance in respect of signal strength and quality between facilities at all levels to be used and to ensure a common source of azimuth guidance for all aircraft operating along the same portion of a route segment. and DH is referenced to the threshold elevation. or flight operations contained wholly within the New Zealand Flight Information Region and between New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. on or affixed to the surface of the earth. measured from mean sea level. or disconnection from the air-bridge. Decision Altitude (DA) or Decision Height (DH): A specified altitude or height in the precision approach. Airlines consider this time to be doors closed. or approach with vertical guidance. airspace. Note: The EOBT is the estimated time at which the aircraft will commence movement associated with departure and is specified in field 13 of the ICAO flight plan. In the case of taxiway markings. Effective: 4 JUN 09 E Civil Aviation Authority .GEN 2. Design Helicopter: The largest helicopter the heliport is intended to serve. DA is referenced to mean sea level.2 . Controlled flight: Any flight that is provided with an air traffic control service. Estimated Off-Block Time (EOBT): The estimated time at which the aircraft will commence movement associated with departure.

New Zealand is a signatory to this convention. Hover Taxi: Instruction to a helicopter to proceed at a slow speed above the surface. E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 JUN 09 .2 .35 Flight information service: A service provided for the purpose of giving advice and information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flights. altitude or flight level.92 in). Level: A generic term relating to the vertical position of an aircraft in flight and meaning variously height.2 hPa (29. will indicate altitude. and surface movement of helicopters. but does not include areas set aside for loading. intended or designed to be used either wholly or partly for the landing. Height: The vertical distance of a level. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO): The United Nations specialised agency established under the convention on international civil aviation (Chicago convention). unloading. Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) or Minimum Descent Height (MDH): A specified altitude or height in a non-precision approach or circling approach below which descent must not be made without the required visual reference. and are often referred to as “ICAO standards”. departure. may be used to indicate flight levels. normally below 20kt and in ground effect. Flight level: A surface of constant atmospheric pressure which is related to a specific pressure datum 1013.AIP New Zealand GEN 2. measured from a specified datum. Standards and recommended practices contained in the annexes to the convention form the basis for the New Zealand aviation regulatory regime. The terms “height” and “altitude” used above indicate altimetric rather than geometric heights and altitudes. MDA is referenced to mean sea level and MDH is referenced to the aerodrome elevation or to the threshold elevation if that is more than 7ft below the aerodrome elevation. Manoeuvring area: That part of an aerodrome to be used for the take-off and landing of aircraft. or maintenance of aircraft. a point or an object considered as a point.2 Hectopascals (hPa) (29. Heliport: Any defined area of land or water. and any defined area on a structure. and when set to a pressure of 1013. A pressure type altimeter calibrated in accordance with the Standard Atmosphere: (a) (b) when set to a QNH altimeter setting. MDH for a circling approach is referenced to the aerodrome elevation.92 inches) and is separated from other such surfaces by specific pressure intervals. Landing area: That part of a movement area intended for the landing or take-off of aircraft. and for the surface movement of aircraft associated with take-off and landing.

423. NOTAM are distributed by means of telecommunications. This is similar to the ICAO term effective coverage. service. Minimum reception altitude (MRA): MRA is the lowest altitude at which adequate VOR signal can be received on a VOR route. Minimum safe altitude: The lowest altitude. the timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel concerned with flight operations. expressed as a distance in nautical miles from the intended position. RNP type means a containment value. NOTAM: A notice containing information concerning the establishment. rounded up to the nearest 100ft.36 AIP New Zealand Minimum enroute altitude (MEA): MEA is the lowest altitude at which adequate NDB signal can be received on an NDB route.2 . the Aerodrome Reference Point. Procedure altitudes may also be applied in the intermediate segment. Required navigation performance (RNP): A statement of navigation performance accuracy necessary for operation within a defined area of airspace. consisting of the manoeuvring area and apron(s). landing and taxiing of aircraft. A procedure altitude will never be less than the segment obstacle clearance altitude. as appropriate.GEN 2. condition or change in any aeronautical facility. Effective: 4 JUN 09 E Civil Aviation Authority . Movement area: That part of an aerodrome area to be used for the take-off. The area is defined by a radial distance from the NDB. Procedure Altitude: A recommended altitude established to accommodate a stabilised descent profile on a prescribed descent angle in the final approach segment. procedure or hazard. which provides the terrain clearance required by CAR 91. Minimum flight altitude (MFA): The lowest level at or above the route sector minimum safe altitude/MRA/MEA or upper limit of Volcanic Hazard Zone or Danger/Restricted Area. where associated with GNSS procedures. Minimum sector altitude (MSA 25NM): The lowest altitude that may be used that will provide a minimum clearance of 1000ft (2000ft in designated mountainous zones) above all objects located in an area contained within a sector of a circle of 25NM radius centred on a radio aid to navigation or. within which flights would be for at least 95% of the total flight time. in accordance with the direction of flight as prescribed in CAR Rule Part 91. Note that this is not the ICAO MSA (minimum SECTOR altitude) which in New Zealand is referred to as MSA 25NM — see below. Rated coverage: The rated coverage of an NDB is the area surrounding the NDB within which bearings can be obtained with an accuracy sufficient for the nature of the operation concerned.425.

2 Visual Flight Rules).AIP New Zealand GEN 2. FL160 is to be used.2 . operating from parallel runways. Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC): Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibility. Segment OCA: An altitude that provides required obstacle clearance for a given segment of the approach. or within the area of a circle of 20NM radius centred on Mt Cook. and ceiling equal to or better than specified minima.37 Runway end safety area: A cleared and graded area off the end of the runway strip intended to minimise damage to aircraft in the event of the aircraft undershooting or overrunning the runway. distance from cloud. E Civil Aviation Authority Effective: 4 JUN 09 . VMC varies according to the type of airspace. Transition altitude: The altitude at or below which the vertical position of an aircraft is controlled by reference to altitudes. Visual Reference: Continuous reference to terrain (land or water). The transition level is FL150. leaving. Transition layer: The airspace between the transition altitude and the transition level. May also be known as the Lowest Usable Flight Level. In this context take-off is from the start of the take-off roll to becoming airborne. or operating within the circuit. and is equivalent to the MET requirements for VFR flight in that class of airspace (Refer ENR 1. FL160 is to be used if the aircraft is in IMC. Transition level: The lowest flight level available for use above the transition altitude. SARTIME: The time nominated by a pilot for the initiation of alerting action. Terminal Controlled Airspace: CTA airspace established to provide services to controlled flights operating to/from aerodromes located beneath that airspace. The size of this area will depend on the type of aircraft operating in the circuit and shall not extend laterally beyond 10NM from the aerodrome. Vicinity of an Aerodrome: An area around an aerodrome where aircraft carry out manoeuvres associated with entering. except that: (a) (b) when the zone area QNH is 980 hPa or less. and landing is from touchdown to completion of the landing roll. Simultaneous operations: Two or more aircraft. It is a minimum altitude established by the procedure designer and is meant to be a “do not descend below” altitude. taking off and/or landing at the same time.

38 AIP New Zealand Effective: 6 JUL 06 E Civil Aviation Authority .2 .GEN 2.