# 1

JC 2 H2 Mathematics Preliminary Examination 2010
Paper 1 -- Solutions

1. Let x be the price of high heels, y be the price of facial mask and z be the price of
handbag in dollars.
We have,
70 . 1837 5 15 3
30 . 1158 8 7 2
20 . 1298 3 10 5
= + +
= + +
= + +
z y x
z y x
z y x

Solving, x = 29.9, y = 99.9, z = 49.9
Total cost of gift 20 . 629 \$ 90 . 49 2 90 . 99 5 90 . 29 = × + × + =
2. (i)
)! 1 5 (
5
24
5
4
1 4
)! 1 4 (
4
3
2
3
1 3
)! 1 3 (
3
2
3
2
1 2
)! 1 2 (
2
2
1
1 1
4
2
5
3
2
4
2
2
3
1
2
2

= =
+
=

= =
+
=

= =
+
=

= =
+
=
u u
u u
u u
u u

(ii) Hence, we have the conjecture
)! 1 ( −
=
n
n
u
n

Let
n
P be the statement “
)! 1 ( −
=
n
n
u
n
for all Ν ∈ n ”.
Since RHS u LHS =

= = =
)! 1 1 (
1
1
1
, so
1
P is true.
Assume
k
P is true for some Ν ∈ k , i.e.
)! 1 ( −
=
k
k
u
k

We want to show that
)! (
1
1
k
k
u
k
+
=
+
is also true
!
1
)! 1 (
1
)! 1 (
1
1
2
2 1
k
k
k k
k
k
k
k
k
u
k
k
u
k k
+ ++ +
= == =
− −− −
+ ++ +
= == =

− −− −
| || |
¹ ¹¹ ¹
| || |

\ \\ \
| || | + ++ +
= == =
| || |
¹ ¹¹ ¹
| || |

\ \\ \
| || | + ++ +
= == =
+ ++ +

So,
1 + k
P is true.∴By mathematical induction,
n
P is true for all Ν ∈ n .
2

3.
(i) 1
st
Term, π π 000 10
2
200
2
=
|
¹
|

\
|
= a
Common ratio,
16
9
4
3
2
=
|
¹
|

\
|
= r

16
9
1
000 10

=

π
S

2 2
cm 000 72 cm 808 71
7
000 160
< = =
π

(ii) Thickness of n
th
slab, d n T
n
) 1 ( 50 − − =
Last possible slab, 0 ) 1 ( 50 > − − = d n T
n

846 . 3
13
50
1
50
50 ) 1 (
= <

<
< −
d
n
d
d n

Hence, largest integer d = 3.
(iii) Thickness of n
th
slab, ) 1 ( 3 50 − − = n T
n

Volume of n
th
slab, [ ]

|
¹
|

\
|
− =
−1
16
9
000 10 3 53
n
n
n V π
Total Volume [ ]
∑ ∑
=

=

|
¹
|

\
|
− = =
14
1
1
14
1
16
9
000 10 3 53
n
n
n
n
n V π
= 3 313 324 cm
3
= 3 310 000 cm
3
(3 s.f.)

4. (i) 357 . 5 , 464 . 0 = = β α

(ii) x
n
converges L x x
n n
→ ⇒
+1
, so 2 ln
2
+ = L L
so 0 2 ln 2 = − + L L so β α or = L as above.

(iii)
n n n n
x x x x − + = −
+
2 ln
2
1
.
From graph, if β α < <
n
x ,
n n n n n n
x x x x x x > ⇒ > + ⇒ > − +
+1
2 2
2 ln 0 2 ln
Also, β α > <
n n
x x or if ,
n n n n n n
x x x x x x < ⇒ < + ⇒ < − +
+1
2 2
2 ln 0 2 ln .

(iv) Since β α < < 2 ,
n n
x x >
+1

hence 357 . 5 = → β
n
x .

3
5.
(i)
( )
2
2
1
) ( ) 1 2 )( 1 (
d
d

+ − + −
=
x
x ax ax x
x
y

For stationary points, 0
d
d
=
x
y
⇒ 0 1 2 2
2 2
= − − − − + x ax ax x ax
0 1 2
2
= − − ax ax
For curve C to have no stationary points, 0 4
2
< − ac b

0 ) 1 )( ( 4 ) 2 (
2
< − − − ⇒ a a
0 4 4
2
< + a a
0 ) 1 ( 4 < + a a
0 1 < < − a

(ii)
1
1
) 1 (
1
2

+
+ + + =

+
=
x
a
a ax
x
x ax
y

Note: When a = −0.5, the 2 asymptotes will intersect at (1, 0)
[Students will not be penalized if they draw the 2 asymptotes intersecting at (1,0)]

Asymptotes: ) 1 ( a ax y + + =

1 = x

Axial Intercepts: (0, 0)

|
¹
|

\
|
− 0 ,
1
a

1 = x

) 1 ( a ax y + + =

|
¹
|

\
|
− 0 ,
1
a

x
y
(0, 0)
4
6. (a)(i) y
2
= f (x)

(ii) y = f ′( x )

(b)
3
2

=
x
y

( )
x
x
x x
y
y
y

− +
− −
=

=

= =

2

2

2 2
2
1

4 ) 4 (
4 3

7.
(i) AB = 2 BP
OP =
1
2
(3OB – OA) =
| || |
| || |
| || |
¹ ¹¹ ¹
| || |

\ \\ \
| || |
8
1
5
2
1

y
x
0 −1 1
C’
B’
A’

y
x
0 1
2 − −− −
2
−2
5
(ii) Equation of l
AB
: r =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− +
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
2
1
1
1
2
1
µ
Equation of l: r =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
− +
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
1
1
2
2
1
0
λ
If they intersect,
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
+
− =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
+

+
λ
λ
λ
µ
µ
µ
2
1
2
2 1
2
1

3 , 2 = = µ λ
Check by substituting into unused equation, 1 + 6 ≠ 2 + 2
Hence they do not intersect.
(iii) Shortest distance from C to AB =
3
22
6
2
1
1
x
2
0
2
=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

|
|
|
¹
|

\
| −

Area of triangle ABC = 11
3
22
2
1
1
2
1
=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

8. (i) (x + 2y)
2
+ 3(x − y)
2
= 27
Differentiating wrt x: 2(x + 2y)(1 + 2
dy
dx
) + 6(x − y)(1 −
dy
dx
) = 0
⇒ 2(x + 2y) + 4(x + 2y)
dy
dx
+ 6(x − y) − 6(x − y)
dy
dx
= 0
⇒ 2x + 4y + (4x + 8y)
dy
dx
+ 6x − 6y − (6x − 6y)
dy
dx
= 0
⇒ (− 2x + 14y)
dy
dx
+ 8x − 2y = 0

dy
dx
=
− 8x + 2y
− 2x + 14y
=
y − 4x
7y − x
(shown)
(ii) At point (−2, 1), gradient of tangent is
dy
dx
=
1 − 4(−2)
7 − (−2)
=
9
9
= 1
Hence, equation of normal at (−2, 1) is
y − 1
x − (−2)
= − 1
⇒ y − 1 = − x − 2
⇒ y = − x − 1
Plotting y = − x − 1 on a graph,
So P = (− 1, 0) and Q = (0, − 1).
Hence, area of triangle OPQ =
1
2
unit
2

−1
− 1
P
Q
6

(iii) When tangent is parallel to the y-axis, gradient
dy
dx
= ∝

y − 4x
7y − x
= ∝
⇒ 7y − x = 0
⇒ x = 7y
Substituting into equation of the curve,
(7y + 2y)
2
+ 3(7y − y)
2
= 27
⇒ (9y)
2
+ 3(6y)
2
= 27
⇒ 81y
2
+ 108y
2
= 27
⇒ y
2
=
27
189
=
9
63
=
1
7

⇒ y = ±
1
7

Substituting into x = 7y, equations of tangents are x = ± 7

9. (i) y = ln (1 − sin x) ⇒ e
y
= 1 − sin x
Diff wrt x:
dy
dx
=
− cos x
1 − sin x
= −
cos x
e
y
⇒ e
y

dy
dx
= − cos x
Diff wrt x: e
y
d
2
y
dx
2 + e
y
dy
dx

dy
dx
= sin x
⇒ e
y
d
2
y
dx
2 + e
y
\

|
¹
|
|
dy
dx
2
= 1 − e
y

d
2
y
dx
2 +
\

|
¹
|
|
dy
dx
2
= e
−y
− 1 (shown)

(ii) Diff wrt x:
d
3
y
dx
3 + 2
dy
dx

d
2
y
dx
2 = − e
−y
dy
dx

When x = 0, y = ln (1 − sin 0) = ln 1 = 0
e
0

dy
dx
= − cos 0 ⇒
dy
dx
= − 1

d
2
y
dx
2 + (−1)
2
= e
0
− 1 ⇒
d
2
y
dx
2 = − 1

d
3
y
dx
3 + 2 (−1)(−1) = − e
0
(−1) ⇒
d
3
y
dx
3 = − 1
Hence, y = 0 + (−1)x +
−1
2!
x
2
+
−1
3!
x
3
+ …
= − x −
1
2
x
2

1
6
x
3
+ …

7
(iii) From part (ii), ln (1 − sin x) = − x −
1
2
x
2

1
6
x
3
+ …
Differentiating wrt x,
− cos x
1 − sin x
=
cos x
sin x − 1
= − 1 − x −
1
2
x
2
+ …

(iv) If x is small, sin x ≈ x and cos x ≈ 1 −
x
2
2

So,
cos x
sin x − 1

(1 −
x
2
2
)
x − 1

= (1 −
x
2
2
)(x − 1)
−1

= − (1 −
x
2
2
)(1 − x)
−1

= − (1 −
x
2
2
)(1 + x + x
2
+ …)
= − (1 −
x
2
2
+ … + x + … + x
2
+ …)
= − 1 − x −
1
2
x
2
+ …
Expansion valid for |x| < 1

10.
(a)
∫ ∫
− = x x x x x
x x x
d cos e
2
1
sin e
2
1
d sin e
2 2 2

+ − =

x x x x
x x x
d sin e
2
1
cos e
2
1
2
1
sin e
2
1
2 2 2

− − = x x x x
x x x
d sin e
4
1
cos e
4
1
sin e
2
1
2 2 2

C x x x x
x x
+ |
¹
|

\
|
− = |
¹
|

\
|
+ ⇒

cos
2
1
sin e
2
1
d sin e
4
1
1
2 2

D x x x x
x x
+ |
¹
|

\
|
− = ⇒

cos
2
1
sin e
5
2
d sin e
2 2

10. (b) When t = -π, x = -2π
When t = π, x = 2π

Area bounded by C and the x-axis = ( ) ( ) [ ] t t t d cos 1 2 cos 1 2

− −
π
π

( ) t t t d cos cos 2 1 4
2

+ − =
π
π

t
t
t d
2
1 2 cos
cos 2 1 4

|
¹
|

\
| +
+ − =
π
π

π
π −

|
¹
|

\
|
+ + − = t t t t 2 sin
2
1
2
1
sin 2 4

|
¹
|

\
|
− − − + = π π π π
2
1
2
1
4
8
= 12π

Area required = 4(2)(2π) - 12π
= 4π sq units

(c) Point of intersection : (-1.15995, 3.84005)

Volume of solid
( ) ( ) 84005 . 3 5 15995 . 1
3
1
d ln
2
3.84005
1
− + =

π π y y
= 8.94 cubic units

11.
(a)(i)

[k=0]
[k=1]
[k= –1]
[k=2]
[k= –2]
[k= –3]
(ii)

Equation of circle:

11.
(b)(i) i i z + − ≤ + − 3 2 2 3
( ) 1 12 2 3 + ≤ − − i z
( ) 13 2 3 ≤ − − i z

Re(z)
Im(z)
z
1

z
6

z
5

z
4

z
3

z
2

9

half-line from point (6, -5), arg =

Area of shaded region = = =

(3, -2)
(6, -5)

1
Catholic Junior College
H2 Mathematics Preliminary Examination 2010
Paper 2 -- Solutions

Section A
1.
0
77 4
77 4 70 4 2
0 1
77 4
70 4 2
2
2 2
2
2

− +
+ − − − +
≥ −
− +
− +
x x
x x x x
x x
x x

0
77 4
7
2
2

− +
+
x x
x

0
) 7 )( 11 (
7
2

− +
+
x x
x

Since numerator is always positive, we can consider
0 ) 7 )( 11 ( > − + x x
7 > x or 11 − < x

Substitute x with
x
e ,
7 > ∴
x
e or 11 − <
x
e (N.A.)
7 ln > ∴x or 1.95 (3 s.f.)

2.
(a)(i) Normal of p
1
=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
3
1
2
1
1
2
x
1
1
1

Direction of l
1
=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
| −
1
1
1

Angle between l
1
and normal of p
1
=
o
.
1 . 128
) 1 1 1 )( 9 1 4 (
1
1
1
3
1
2
cos
1
=

+ + + +
|
|
|
¹
|

\
| −
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

Hence angle between l
1
and p
1
= 128.1
o
– 90
o
= 38.1
o

(ii)
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
5 . 2
0
75 . 3
and
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

5 . 2
5 . 0
4
are two points on the line
2
5
;
2
15 4
= =

z y
x

Substituting each point into equation of plane,
3.75α + 2.5β = 1 …. (1)

2
3.25α + 2.5β = 0 …. (2)
α = 2, β = – 2.6

|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
=
1
2
of Normal
3
b p

|
|
|
¹
|

\
| −
=
0
1
5 . 0
of vector Direction
2
l
1 ; 0
0
1
5 . 0
1
2
= =
|
|
|
¹
|

\
| −
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
b b .
is line containing plane of Eqn
2 4
l p
r. 10
1
1
2
.
5 . 2
0
75 . 3
1
1
2
=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
=
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

2
6 3
6
1
6
10
and between Distance
3 2
= − = p l

3.
(i) Since
f g
D R ⊆ ℜ = , fg does not exist.
(ii) fh exists if ) , 0 (
g
∞ ⊆ R . Hence 4 0 ) 3 ln( > ⇒ > − x x hence least a = 4.
) 3 ln(
2
) 3 ln( : fh

+ −
x
x x a , 4 for > x

(iii)
y
x
x
x y
2
+ =
y = x
) 2 2 , 2 (
) 2 2 , 2 ( − −
y
x
x
x y
2
+ =
y = x
) 2 2 , 2 (
) 2 2 , 2 ( − −

) , 2 2 [ ] 2 2 , (
f
∞ ∪ − −∞ = R

3
Since the line y = c (candidates should indicate a horizontal line where 2 2 > c or
2 2 − < c ) cuts the graph twice, f is not 1-1 and hence f
-1
does not exist.

Since f
-1
exists, for x > k, and f is 1-1 for x > 2 ,
the least value of 2 = k .
4. (a) Since y = x and 1 =
dx
dy
,

RHS
x
x x
LHS =
+
= =
2
2 2
2
1
(b) ux y =
dx
du
x u
dx
dy
+ =
) ( 2
2 2 2
ux x
x u x
dx
du
x u
+
= +
u
u
dx
du
x u
2
1
2
+
= +
u
u u
dx
du
x
u
u
u
dx
du
x
2
2 1
2
1
2 2
2
− +
=

+
=

) (
2
1
2
shown
u
u
dx
du
x

=
∫ ∫
=

dx
x
du
u
u 1
1
2
2

∫ ∫
− =

dx
x
du
u
u 1
1
2
2

C x u + − = − ln ) 1 ln(
2

Ax x y
x
A
x
y
x
A
u
x
A
u
− =
− =
− =
= −
2 2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1

(c)
D Ct ae x
C ae
dt
dx
ae
dt
x d
t
t
t
+ + =
+ − =
=

2
2
2
2
2
2
4

4
Since entire population is wiped out by the disease eventually, as
Hence, C = 0, D = 0.
t
ae x
2 −
= ∴
a represents the initial population of the fish (in thousands).

Section B
5. (a)(i) No. of ways = 6! = 720
(ii) No. of ways = 2
6
= 64
(iii) No. of ways = 63 C C C C C C
6
6
5
6
4
6
3
6
2
6
1
6
= + + + + +

(b) Case 1: Daen and Vera not in the group
No. of ways = 56
5
8
= C
Case 2: Daen and Vera in the group
No. of ways = 56
3
8
= C
Case 3: Vera in the group without Daen
No. of ways = 70
4
8
= C
Total no. of ways = 56 + 56 + 70 = 182

t
e x
2
2

=
t
e x
2 −
=

5
6. (i)
0.02 Deformed

Supplier A
p
0.98 Not deformed

0.03 Deformed
1 – p
Supplier B

0.97 Not deformed

(ii)
3
1
= p
P(fish-ball is deformed) = ) 1 ( 03 . 0 02 . 0 p p − +

75
2
3
08 . 0
3
) 2 ( 03 . 0
3
02 . 0
=
=
+ =

(iii)
) deformed is it P(
) deformed is and by supplied P(
) deformed is it | by supplied P( ) f(
B
B p
=
=

p
p
p p
p
p p
p

=
+ −

=
+ −

=
3
) 1 ( 3
) 2 )( ( ) 3 )( 1 (
) 3 )( 1 (
) 02 . 0 )( ( ) 03 . 0 )( 1 (
) 03 . 0 )( 1 (

2
2
) 3 (
6
) 3 (
) 1 )( 1 ( ) 3 )( 1 (
3 ) ( ' f
p
p
p p
p

=

− − − − −
=

] 1 , 0 [ 0
) 3 (
6
) ( ' f
2
∈ ∀ <

= ∴ p
p
p since ] 1 , 0 [ 0 ) 3 (
2
∈ ∀ > − p p
This means that as a larger proportion of fish-balls are supplied by A, it is less likely
that a randomly chosen deformed fish-ball is supplied by B.

6
7. (i) Let X be the no. of times the particular residential area is flooded in 4 months.
|
¹
|

\
|

3
4
~
o
P X
P(X ≥ 2) = 0.3849400 = 0.385

(ii) Let Y be the no. of 4-month periods, out of 12, in which the particular residential
area is flooded at least twice.
P(X ≥ 2) = 0.3849400

∴ Y ~ B(12, 0.3849400)
P(Y ≤ 5) = 0.704

(iii) Let X be the no. of times the particular residential area is flooded in 5 years.
( ) 20 ~
o
P X ∴

Since λ = 20 > 10,
( ) 20 , 20 ~ N X ∴ approximately

P(X ≥ 11) = P(X ≥ 10.5)
= 0.983

(iv) Let Y be the no. of years, out of 40, in which there are at most 3 floodings.
∴ Y ~ B(40, 0.433470)

Since n = 40 > 30, np = 17.3388 > 5, nq = 22.6612 > 5,
Y ~ N(17.3388, 9.82295) approximately

P(Y ≥ n) < 0.8
⇒ P(Y ≥ n – 0.5) < 0.8
⇒ P(Y ≤ n – 0.5) > 0.2
⇒ n – 0.5 > 14.7010
⇒ n > 15.2010

Least n = 16

8. Let r.v. A be the mass of a snapper fish and r.v. B be the mass of a pomfret fish.
A ~ N(1, 0.1
2
); B ~ N(0.6, 0.05
2
)
(a)(i) A
1
+ A
2
+ A
3
+ B
1
+B
2
~ N(4.2, 0.035)
P[A
1
+ A
2
+ A
3
+ B
1
+B
2
> 4.5] = 0.0544

(ii) A
1
+ A
2
+ A
3
– 2B ~ N(1.8, 0.04)
P[A
1
+ A
2
+ A
3
– 2B > 1.85] = 0.401

(iii) 12A + 7( B
1
+B
2
) ~ N(20.4, 1.685)
P[12A + 7( B
1
+B
2
) > 21] = 0.322

12(A
1
+ A
2
+ …+ A
n
) + 7(B
1
+B
2
+ ….+ B
15 – n
) ~ N(63 + 7.8n, 1.8375 + 1.3175n)

7
P[12(A
1
+ A
2
+ …+ A
n
) + 7(B
1
+B
2
+ ….+ B
15 – n
) > 150 ] < 0.7.
Largest n = 11

9. (a)
Arts Science Total
Boys
3 81 . 2 30
800
75
≈ = × 12 30
800
320
= ×
15
Girls
5 4375 . 5 30
800
145
≈ = × 10 75 . 9 30
800
260
≈ = ×
15
Total 8 22 30

Alternative strata: by CCA/gender or by class/gender or any other sensible suggestion

(b) 62 . 4825 ) ( , 4537
2
= − =
∑ ∑
x x x
48204 . 98 ) (
49
1
ˆ , 74 . 90
50
4537
ˆ
2 2
= − = = =

x x σ µ
)
60
48204 . 98
, 74 . 90 ( ~ N X approx by CLT.
718 . 0 ) 100 90 P( = < < X
10. (i) Let X be the random variable the length of one random metal rod.
Since sample size n = 8 is small and population variance is unknown,
we assume X is normal and use t-test.

H
0
: µ = 14 cm
H
1
: µ > 14 cm
At 4% level of significance, reject H
0
if p-value < 0.04

x =
Σx
n
=
113.40
8
= 14.175
s
2
=
1
n − 1
[ Σ x
2

(Σ x)
2
n
] =
1
7
[1607.72 −
113.40
2
8
] =
11
280
= 0.0392857143

Test-statistic, t =

x − µ
0
s
n
=
14.175 − 14
0.0392857143
8
= 2.497271238
From GC, t = 2.497271238
p = 0.020578114
Since p-value < 0.04, we reject H
0

and conclude that at 4% significance level there is sufficient evidence that the mean
length of the metal rods is more than 14 cm i.e. complaint is valid.
Assume X is normal.

It means that there is a 0.04 probability of wrongly concluding that the mean length of
the metal rods is larger than 14 cm when in fact it is 14 cm.

8
(ii) In this case, s
2
=
n
n − 1
[sample variance] =
9
9-1
[0.200
2
] = 0.045 or
9
200

test-statistic, T =

x − µ
0
s
n
=

x − 14
0.045
9

Since complaint not valid, do not reject H
0
, p-value > 0.04

x − 14
0.045
9
< invT(1 − 0.04,8)

x − 14
0.045
9
< 2.004151525

x < 14.14171491

x < 14.14 (to 2 d.p.)

11. (i) r = 0.906

(ii)

(iii) x increases as y increases, but by decreasing amounts. This is consistent with a
model of the form x b a y ln + = .

(iv) a = -35.4, b = 22.3
P P
% earning more than
\$5000, y

9

(v) 4 . 63 84 ln ) 3 . 22 ( 4 . 35 = + − = y

(vi) Since x does not lie within the data range, extrapolation will make the estimate
unreliable.

1

Dunman High School
2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740) Preliminary Examination Paper 1
Suggested Solutions

Qn Suggested Solution
1
1
2
2 2
2
1 1
(1 ) 1
2 2 2
1
1 ...
2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1
...
2 2 4 4 8
1 3 3
...
2 4 8

− | |
= − × +
|
+
\ ¹
| |
| | | |
= − − + + |
| |
|
\ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹
= − − + + +
= − + +
x x
x
x
x x x
x x x x
x x

Valid values of x: 1 2 2
2
< ⇒ − < <
x
x

2
Let P
n
be the proposition
1
1
(2 1)(2 3) 3(2 3)
=
=
+ + +

n
r
n
r r n
for
+
∈ n .

When n = 1:
LHS =
1
1
1 1 1
(2 1)(2 3) (2(1) 1)(2(1) 3) 15
=
= =
+ + + +

r
r r
RHS =
1 1
3(2(1) 3) 15
=
+

1
Since LHS RHS, P is true. = ∴

Assume P
k
is true for some , k
+

i.e.
1
1
,
(2 1)(2 3) 3(2 3)
k
r
k
r r k
=
=
+ + +

to prove
1
P
+ k
is true,
i.e.
1
1
1 1
.
(2 1)(2 3) 3(2 5)
k
r
k
r r k
+
=
+
=
+ + +

1
1
1
1
LHS
(2 1)(2 3)
1 1
(2 1)(2 3) (2 3)(2 5)
k
r
k
r
r r
r r k k
+
=
=
=
+ +
= +
+ + + +

2

2
1
3(2 3) (2 3)(2 5)
(2 5) 3
3(2 3)(2 5)
2 5 3
3(2 3)(2 5)
(2 3)( 1)
3(2 3)(2 5)
1
RHS (shown)
3(2 5)
k
k k k
k k
k k
k k
k k
k k
k k
k
k
= +
+ + +
+ +
=
+ +
+ +
=
+ +
+ +
=
+ +
+
= =
+

1
P is true P is true
+
∴ ⇒
k k

Since
1
P is true,
1
P is true P is true
+

k k
, by mathematical induction, P is true
n
for
+
∈ n .
1
3 3(2 3)
3 2
1 1
as ,
3 6
3 2
=
+ | |
+
|
\ ¹
∴ →∞ →
| |
+
|
\ ¹
n
n
n
n
n

3

3(i) 2 2
2
4 5 ( 2) 4 5
( 2) 1

=
n n n
n
− + = − − +
− +

3(ii)
2 2
3
2 2
3
2 2
2 2
2 2
1 4 5
1 ( 2) 1
3 1 1 1
4 1 2 1
5 1 3 1

N
n
N
n
n n n
n n
=
=
| |
+ − − +
|
\ ¹
| |
= + − − +
|
\ ¹
= + − +
+ + − +
+ + − +

M M
M
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
( 2) 1 ( 4) 1
( 1) 1 ( 3) 1
1 ( 2) 1
1 ( 1) 1 5 2

N N
N N
N N
N N
+ − + − − +
+ − + − − +
+ + − − +
= + + − + − −
M

3(iii)
2 2
2 2
2 2
1 ( 1) 1 5 3
2 1 ( 1) 2( 1) 1 (since >1)
( 1) ( 1 1)
1 (since >0)
2 1
N N
N N N N N
N N
N N N
N
+ + − + − −
< + + + − + − +
= + + − +
= + +
= +

4(i) 0 0
3
1 1
3
Area of d 1 d
4
R y x x x
− −
= = + =
∫ ∫

1
3
3
1 ( 1) y x x y = + ⇒ = −

( )
( )
1
4
3
3
2 2
2
4
3
3
Area of d ( -1) d 1
4
3
1 1
4
b
b b
S x y y y y
b

= = = −

= − −

∫ ∫

Equating and solve for b:

( )
4
3
3
4
3 3
1 1
4 4
1 2 2. 68 (3 s.f.)
b
b

− − =

⇒ = + =

4(ii)
( )
1
3
For = , 1 1. 1892 (say) y b x b k = − = =

4

Volume required
=
2 2 3 2
1
2 (1) ( 1) d
k
b k x x π

− − +

= 3. 53π (or 11.1) (unit cube)

5(i) If A, B and C are collinear, then

2 3
7 3 5 7
2 1 2
i.e. 2, 0, 4
AB BC
b b
a
a b
λ
λ
λ
→ →
=
− − | | | |
| |
− = −
| |
| |
− −
\ ¹ \ ¹
= − = =

5(ii)
If OA
→
is perpendicular to , OB
→
then
0
2
3 7 0
2
i.e. 2 21 2 0
OA OB
b
a
b a
→ →
=
| | | |
| |
=
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
+ + =

ο
2
2
2
2 3
3 5
1
cos 60
13 35
2(6 15 ) 13 35
31 168 1309 0
10 (nearest int.) or 4 (nearest int.)
20 (nearest int.) 6 (nearest int.)
a
a
a a
a a
a a
b b
| | | |
| |
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
=
+
+ + = +
− − =
= = −
= − = −

His claim is not necessarily true since points O, A, B and C may not be coplanar.

6(a)
2
2
e 1
d 3e (1 3e ) d
(1 3e ) 3
t
t t
t
t t

= +
+
∫ ∫

1
(1 3e ) 1
3 3(1 3e )
t
t
c c

+
= + = − +
− +

5

6(b)
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
d
tan 2 sec
d
x x x
x
=

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
3 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
1
sec d 2 sec d
2
1
tan 2 tan d
2
1
tan ln sec
2
x x x x x x x
x x x x x
x x x c

=

= −

= − +

∫ ∫

6(c)
4
2
0
3 d x x x −

3 4
2 2
0 3
( 3) d ( 3) d x x x x x x = − − + −
∫ ∫

3 4
4 4
3 3
0 3
4 4
x x
x x

= − − + −

27
or 13.5
2
=
7(i) No. The statement is not always true. It applies only for (polynomial) equation in z
with real coefficients.
7(ii)
4
3+ i 0 z + = ⇒
4
3 i z = − −

5
i
4 6
2e z
π | |

|
\ ¹
=

1 1
4 4
1 5 (12 5)
i ( 2 ) i
4 6 24
2 e 2 e
k
k
z
π π
π

− +
= = , 0,1, 2, 3 k =

1 1 1 1
4 4 4 4
5 7 19 17
-i i i -i
24 24 24 24
2 e or 2 e or 2 e or 2 e z
π π π π
∴ =

7(iii)

7(iv) The quadrilateral is a square.

Let the length of each side be L
Pythagoras Theorem:
1
2 2 2
4
2| | =2(2 ) 2 2 L z = =

Im
L
Re
L
2
Z
3
Z
4
Z
O
1
Z
6

8(i) 2
36 ON x = −

( )
( )
2
2
1
2 12 2 36
2
2 6 36
A x x
x x

= × × + −

= + −

8(ii)
( )
2
2
d 1 2
2 36 2 6
d 2
36
A x
x x
x
x
| |
| |
= − + + −
| |
\ ¹ −
\ ¹

( )
( )( )
2 2
2
2
2
2
72 2 12 2
36
4 18 3
36
4 6 3
36
x x x
x
x x
x
x x
x
− − −
=

− −
=

+ −
=

d
For maximum , 0 : 0 3 cm
d
= > ⇒ =
A
A x x
x

( ) ( ) ( )
d d d 1 d 1
2 2
d d d 10 d 20
x
QR x x
t t t t
= = = − ⇒ = −

( )( ) 4 8 1 d
When 2, 32 4 2
d 32
A
x
x
= = = =

2 1
d d d
d d d
1
4 2
20
2
cm s
5
A A x
t x t

= ×
| |
= × −
|
\ ¹
= −

A is decreasing at the rate of
1
2
cm s .
5

• P S
Q R
U T
2x

2x
6 6
O
N
6 6
7

9(a)
(i)
ln(1 e ) = +
x
y

e 1 e ⇒ = +
y x

d d
: e e
d d
d
e
d

=
⇒ =
y x
x y
y
x x
y
x

2
2
2
2
d d d
: e 1
d d d
d d d
1 (shown)
d d d

| |
= −
|
\ ¹
| |
⇒ = −
|
\ ¹
x y
y y
x x x
y y y
x x x

9(a)
(ii)
2
2
d 1 d 1
When 0, ln 2, ,
d 2 d 4
y y
x y
x x
= = = =

2
2
1
1
4
ln 2 ...
2 2
1 1
ln 2 ...
2 8
= + + +
= + + +
x
y x
x x

9(a)
(iii)
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
ln(1 e ) ln 1 1 ...
2
ln 2 ...
2
ln 2 ln 1 ...
2 4
2 4
ln 2 ...
2 4 2
1
ln 2 ...
2 4 2 4
1 1
ln 2 ... (verified)
2 8
| | | |
+ = + + + +
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
| |
= + + +
|
\ ¹
| |
= + + + +
|
\ ¹
| |
+
|
| |
\ ¹
= + + − +
|
\ ¹
| |
| |
= + + − +
| |
\ ¹
\ ¹
= + − +
x
x
x
x
x
x x
x x
x x
x x x
x x

9(b) 10tan 3 cos 2 − = x x

( )
2
2
2
2
10 3 1
2
5 2 0
5 5 4( 2)
2
5 33
(rej -ve as is small)
2
− = −
⇒ + − =
− ± − −
∴ =
− +
=
x
x
x x
x
x

8

10(a)
(i)
e cos , sin cos , 0
4
x y
θ
π
θ θ θ θ = = + ≤ ≤
d d
e (cos sin ), cos sin ,
d d
x y
θ
θ θ θ θ
θ θ
= − = −
-
d d d
/ e
d d d
y y x
x
θ
θ θ
= =

At (e cos , sin cos ),
θ
θ θ θ + the equation of the tangent is
-
( sin cos ) e ( e cos ), y x
θ θ
θ θ θ − − = −

Set ,
6
π
θ =
at (
6
3e 3 1
,
2 2
π
+
) , the equation of the tangent is
6 -
6
3 1 3e
( ) e ( ),
2 2 2
π
π
− − = − y x

-
6
1
e
2
π
= + y x

10(a)
(ii)
Area under the curve C is

4
0
2 2
4
0
4
0
(sin cos ) e (cos sin ) d
e (cos sin ) d
e cos 2 d ( )
0.68 (2d.p.)
A
shown
π
θ
π
θ
π
θ
θ θ θ θ θ
θ θ θ
θ θ
= + −
= −
=
=

10(b)
(i)

y

f '( ) y x =
O
x
x = 2
-2
9

10(b)
(ii)

11(a) 1
1 2
2 1
1 2
1 2 1
1 1 2 1
1
0 1, (since 0)
2
a
r
a r
r a
a
a
a a r
=

= −
= −
⇒ − <
− < − <
< < ≠ ≠

11(b)
( )
( )
2
1 1 1
1
2 ln3
3
1
1
1 9
1 ln3
1
9
1
9
1 1
1 1 ln3
8 9
r
N N N
r
r r r
N
N
T r
N N
N N
= = =
| |
= + ∑ ∑ ∑
|
\ ¹
| |

|
\ ¹
= × + +

| |
| |
= − + +
|
|
|
\ ¹
\ ¹

11(c)
(i)
Volume of whole cake
2 2 2 2 3 2 4 2
2 4 6 8 2
2 5
2
2
2
(0.9 ) (0.9 ) (0.9 ) (0.9 )
(1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 )
[1 (0.9 ) ]
1 0.9
3.4280
a h a h a h a h a h
a h
a h
a h
= + + + +
= + + + +

=

=

O
x
2
y
A’(-2, 0.5)
1
f( )
y
x
=

10

Cost of whole cake
\$3.4280 200
\$686 (nearest dollar)
= ×
=

11(c)
(ii)
2
2
5
2( ) (5 1)( ) 75
2
2 15
( 5)( 3) 0
5 or 3 (rej. since >0)
d d
d d
d d
d d d
+ − − =

− =
− + =
= = −

No. of candles at top layer
2
5 (5 1)( 5) 5 = + − − =
1

Dunman High School
2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740)
Preliminary Examination Paper 2 Suggested Solutions

SECTION A

1
*
2
( 1 i)( 1 i) 2
1 i 2
1 i 2
z z
z
z
− + − − =
− + =
− + =

i.e. A circle with centre (1,–1) and radius 2. (shown)

(i)

( )
2
2
2
1
2 2
2
7
 
= −
 
 
=

(ii) Complex numbers represented are

3 7
1 i
2 2
 
+ −
 
 
 
and
3 7
1 i.
2 2
 
− +
 
 
 

Cartesian equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining A and B is 1. y = −

Since any two distinct points on the circumference of the circle are equidistance from the
centre C, hence perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining these points must pass
through C.

2
Re
O

C(1,-1)
A
x=1.5
Im
B
D
2

O
x
2(i)

Recommended
(1)From the graph above, any horizontal line , y b b = ∈ cuts the graph of f at most once,
therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists.

OR

(2)From the graph above, any horizontal line , y b b a = ≠ , cuts the graph of f exactly once,
therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists.
(ii)

2
2
2
2
2 3
1 1 2
, ,
, ,
f : , , or f : , ,
ax
y x a
x a
xy a y ax
a y
x y a
a y
a x a
x x a x a x a
a x a x
− −
= ≠ −
+
+ =
= ≠

≠ − ≠
− −
a a

(iii)
2 2
g f
g f
[ , ), \ { },
,
R a D a
R D
= − ∞ = −
∴ ⊄

thus fg does not exist
2
x a = −
y a =
y
3

(iv)

Method 1(Recommended)
1
2
2 2
2
2
f( ) = f ( )
f( ) =
0
( ) 0
0 or .
x x
x x
ax
x
x a
x a x ax
x x a a
x x a a

⇒ =
+
⇒ + − =
⇒ + − =
⇒ = = −

Method 2 (not preferred)
1
2
2
2 2
3
3
3 2
2
f( ) = f ( )
( ) ( )
[( 1) ( )] 0
[( 1) ( )] 0
( 1)
0 or ( 1) .
1 1
x x
ax a x
a x x a
ax a x a x x a
ax a x a a
ax a x a a
a a a a
x x a a a a
a a

⇒ =
− +
⇒ − = +
⇒ + + − =
⇒ + + − =
− − −
⇒ = = = = − − = −
+ +

3(i)

3
2 2
2
3
3
''
3
20
3 ''
20
3
20
d 1 8 1 8
( ) ( )
d 60 60
d 1
8 d 60
1 1
ln | 8| '
3 60
| 8| e , '' 3 '
8 e , e
When 0, 1,
7,
= 8 7e
t
C
t
C
t
V V
V
t V V
V V
V t
V t C
V C C
V A A
t V
A
V
+

= − =
⇒ =

⇒ − = +
⇒ − = =
⇒ − = = ±
= =
⇒ = −
⇒ −

1
V
t
8
20ln( ) or 2.67
7

4

4(i)

2 1
4 3
1 1
15
cos
| || | 21 11 21 11
9.3 .
1 1
1 2
n n
n n
θ
θ
   
   
   
   
   
= = =
∴ =
o

(ii)

2
2
2
3
1
1
3
4 2
d
12 2
d
d
4 2
d
d
When 0, 0, 0
d
d
4 2
d
, is a constant.
V
t
t
V
t t C
t
V
t C
t
V
t t
t
V t t C C
= −
⇒ = − +
= = ∴ =
⇒ = −
⇒ = − +

4 2
2 2
1 1
( ) ( )
2 4
V t t C
t C
= − +
= − + −

(iii)

When 0, 1, t V = = then
2
1
1 .
4
C = >

Therefore given the above initial condition, Bob’s model corresponds to solution curve type
(I) in part (ii).

Therefore in Bob’s model, the volume of water approaches infinity in the long run (not
realistic) whereas in Andy’s model, the volume of water reasonably diminishes to zero in the
long run/after some time.

Thus, Andy’s model is more appropriate than Bob’s model.

C
t
C
V
1
(I)
4
C >

1
(II)
4
C ≤

5

(ii)

1
1
2
 
 
= × = −
 
 
 
1 2
d n n

Set z=0,

2 4 10
3 8
1, 3
x y
x y
x y
+ =
+ =
⇒ = − =

1
1 1
3 1 , .
0 2
l α α α
−    
   
∴ = + − ∈
   
   
   
1 1
: r a + d =
Alternative

1
2 4 10
3 8
Let ,
2 4 10
3 8
1 , 3 ,
2 2
1 1
: r 3 1 ,
2
0 2
x y z
x y z
z t
x y t
x y t
t t
x y
t
l α α
+ + =
+ + =
= ∈
⇒ + = −
+ = −
⇒ = − + = −
−    
   
∴ = + − = ∈
   
   
   

(iii)

Since the point with co-ordinates (6,m.5) lies on the first plane,
1 1
6 2
4 10
5 1
12 4 5 10
D
m
m
=
   
   
⇒ =
   
   
   
⇒ + + =
a d

7
.
4
m ⇒ = −

(iv)
2
2 2
0 , .
7 1
l m β β β
   
   
= + ∈
   
   

   
2 2
: r a + d =

1 2
1 0 2 2 0( )
2 1
independent of thevalueof m
   
   
= − = − =
   
   

   
1 2
d d

Therefore lines l
1
and l
2
are perpendicular for all real values of m.
6

SECTION B

5(i)

To obtain a quota sample of size 80:
Identify and categorise the parents into mutually exclusive sub-groups according to
education levels. Set a quota, i.e. a target number of respondents for each group where the
Poll respondents on a first-come-first-serve basis, say, when the parents arrive at school in the
morning with their children, until the number for each category is filled.

(ii)

Stratified sampling is more representative in terms of the proportion of parents’ educational
qualifications in each category.

(iii)

420
80 14
2400
× =

6(i)

FromGC, 0.860 r = −
(ii)

260.56
From GC, regression line 37.612 x
t
= − +
ie, ( ) 37.6 , 261 3 sig fig a b = − =
Suggested model between x and
1
t
is a better fit with |r |= 0.930 > |r|= 0.860 for the linear
model between x and t.

(iii)
260.56
37.612 78.9
5.0
x = − + =

5 t = lies outside the data range of t , thus model may not be valid and estimate not likely to be
reliable.
x
t
7

7(i) Let J be the event where Mylo wears a jacket and T be the event where Mylo wears a tie.

( ) 0.6
( )
0.6
( )
( )
0.6
0.2
( ) 0.6 0.2 0.12
P T J
P T J
P J
P T J
P T J
=

=

=
∩ = × =

(ii)
[ ]
( )
( ) '
1 ( )
1 ( ) ( ) ( )
1 0.4 0.2 0.12
1 0.48
0.52
P T J
P T J
P T P J P T J

= − ∪
= − + − ∩
= − + −
= −
=

(iii)

Let
n
J be the n
th
day where Mylo wears a jacket.
3 1 3 2
3 1 3 2 1 2
Required Probability
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
(0.2)(0.6)(0.4) (0.8)(0.2)(0.4)
(0.2)(0.6)(0.4) (0.8)(0.2)(0.4) (0.2)(0.4)(0.2)
0.048 0.064
0.048 0.064 0.016
0.112
0.128
0.875
P J J P J J
P J J P J J P J J
∩ + ∩
=
∩ + ∩ + ∩
+
=
+ +
+
=
+ +
=
=

' J
J
J
J
J
' J
0.2
0.8
0.4
0.6
0.2
0.8
0.2
J
J
J
' J
' J
' J
' J
0.8
' J
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.8
Mon Tue Wed
8

8(i)
(a)
Number of ways 10!(5) 18144000 = =

(b)
S S S S S S

( )( )( )
Number of ways
= 6! 5! 3 259200 =

(ii)
(a)
( )( )
Number of ways
= 4! 5! 2880 =

(ii)
(b)
Case One: 8 Questions (4M and 4S) between B and K
B K

Case Two: 8 Questions (3M and 5S) between B and K
B K

Case Three: 9 Questions between B and K
B K

Pure Mathematics Questions Statistics Questions

( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
Number of ways
4 5
= 3! 5! 4! 4! 5! 4!
3 4
2880 2880 2880
8640
   
+ +
   
   
= + +
=

4!
( )
5
4!
4
 
 
 

( )
4
3!
3
 
 
 
5!
4! 5!
or
=(5!)6 5 4 3 (3!) 259200 ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ =

9

9(i)

2
Let 100
50 , 4008
u x
u u
= −
∴ = =
∑ ∑

Unbiased estimate of population mean:
100 4.16667 100 104.17 104 (3 s.f .) x u = + = + =

Unbiased estimate of population variance:
2
2
1 50
4008
11 12
s
 
= −
 
 
= 345.42 345 (3 s.f .)
(ii)

To test H
0
: 115 µ =
against H
1
: 115 µ <

One-tail test at 5% level (α = 0.05)

Use t-test since σ
2
is unknown and sample size of 12 is small
under H
0
, T =
115
345.42/12
X −
~ t (11).

From GC, p-value = 0.0342

Since p-value =0.0342< 0.05, there is sufficient evidence to reject H
0
at the 5% level of
significance and conclude that the mean IQ score is less than 115, hence the manufacturer’s
claim is disputable.

(iii) (a) The IQ score of customers is normally distributed.

(b) For 2-tailed test, p-value =2(0.0324) =0.0684 > 0.05. H
0
will not be rejected. The
conclusion would be different.
10
(i)
Let X be the number of unsolicited text messages received in a day.
( )
5
Po
7
P( 2) 0.125 (3 s.f.)
X
X = =

(ii) Let Y be the number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in a week.
( ) Po 8
P( 10) 0.816 (3 s.f.) (shown)
Y
Y ≤ =

(iii) Let W be the number of weeks where receives more than 10 unsolicited text messages or
phone calls in a week out of 10 weeks.
( ) B 10, 0.184
P( 3) 1 P( 3)
0.0944 (3 s.f.)
W
W W > = − ≤
=

(iv) Let T be the total number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in the next 2
weeks.
10

( ) Po 16
Since =16>10, N(16,16) approximately.
P( 20) P( 19.5) (apply c.c.)
0.191 (3 s.f.)
T
T
T T
λ ∴
≥ = >
=

11
(a)
2
N(2, 2 ) Y X σ −

P( 3) 0.4
3 2
P( ) 0.4
2
From GC,
1
= 0.25335
2
= 2.7910
Y X
Z
σ
σ
σ
− > =

> =

2 2
1 2
2
1 2
1 2
Var( ) 2 2.7910 3.9471
(8, 3.9471 )
P(8 12) 0.345 (3 s.f.)
X X
X X N
X X
+ = × =
+
< + < =

b(i) Let X min be the amount of time spent by a student online each day.

( )
1 2 60
2
2
1 2 60
E( ) 60 120 7200
Var( ) 60 45 90 15
X X X
X X X
+ + = × =
+ + = × =
L
L

Since n=60 is large, by Central Limit Theorem,
( )
2
1 2 60
7200, 90 15 X X X N
 
+ +
 
 
L approximately.

1 2 60
P( 7000)
0.717 (3 s.f.)
X X X + + ≥
=
L

(ii) Since n=60 is large, by Central Limit Theorem,
2
45
120,
60
X N
 
 
 
 
approximately.
P( 120 5)
P( 5 120 5)
P(115 125)
0.611 (3 s.f.)
X
X
X
− <
= − < − <
= < <
=

We do not need to assume that the amount of time spent online follows a normal distribution
since by the Central Limit Theorem, the sample mean follows a normal distribution
approximately when n is large.

[Turn Over 2
1 Solve the inequality

2
4
2 ( 2)
x
x x

− −
,

Hence solve
2
e 4
e 2 (e 2)
x
x x

+ +
. [2]

2 The sequence of numbers
n
u , where n = 0, 1, 2, 3, …, is such that
0
u = 2 − and
1
1
( 2)
2 1
n
n
n
n u
u
u n

+
=
+ +
.

Proof by induction that, for 0, n ≥

2
2 1
n
n
u
n
+
=

. [5]

3 The functions f and g are defined as follows:
( ) , 2 1 2 : f
2
− − x x a 1 − < x ,
( ) g : ln , x x a + a 1 − > x .

(a) Define
1
f

in a similar form. [3]

(b) State the value of a such that the range of g is (0, ) ∞ . [1]

(c) Show that the composite function gf exists, and find the range of gf, giving

4 A curve is defined by the parametric equations
2
1
t
x
t
=
+
,
2
1
t
y
t
=

, where 1, 1. t ≠ −

(i) Show that the tangent to the curve at any point with parameter t has equation
( ) ( )
3 3
2 2 3
1 1 4 . t y t x t − = + − [3]

(ii) Find the gradient of the tangent to the curve at
1
2
t = . Hence determine the
acute angle between this tangent and the line 3 y x = + . [3]
[Turn Over 3
5 Robert took a study loan of \$100 000 from a bank on 1
st
January 2010. The bank
charges an annual interest rate of 10% on the outstanding loan at the end of each
year. After his graduation, Robert pays the bank \$x at the beginning of each month.
The first payment is made on 1
st
January 2014. Let
n
u denote the amount owed by
Robert at the end of n
th
year after 2013, where
0
+
∈ n .

(i) Find
0
u . [1]

(ii) Show that
n
u =
0
1.1 (1.1 1)
n n
u kx − − , where k is a constant to be determined. [4]

(iii) Given that Robert owes the bank less than \$1000 at the end of 2020, find the
minimum value of x, giving your answer to the nearest dollar. [3]

6 (a) Find
2
1
d
3 4
t
t −

. [3]
(b) Use the substitution 5
x
u = to find
( )
2
5 cos 5 d
x x
x

. [5]

7 It is given that the function ( ) f y x = has the Maclaurin’s series
2
1 4 ... x ax + + + and
satisfies
( ) ( )
2 2
d
1 1
d
y
x b y
x
+ = + , where a and b are real constants.

(i) Show that b = 2 and find the value of a. [4]

(ii) Find the series expansion of
f( )
4
x
x +
in ascending powers of x, up to and
including the term in
2
x . [3]

(iii) State the equation of the normal to the curve
f( )
4
x
y
x
=
+
at x = 0. [1]

[Turn Over 4
8 (i) Express
4
( 1) ( 2)
r
r r r

− +
in the form
1 2
A B C
r r r
+ +
− +
. [2]

(ii) Hence find
2
4
( 1) ( 2)
n
r
r
r r r
=

− +

. [3]

Give a reason why the series is convergent, and state its limit. [2]

2
3
( 1)( 3)
n
r
r
r r r
=

+ +

. [2]

9 On a single Argand diagram, sketch the loci given by
(i)
2
1 i 2 z − − ≥ ,
(ii)
1
arg
12 3 i
z π + | |

|
+
\ ¹
,
(iii) 1 z z > − . [7]

Hence, or otherwise, find the range of values of i z − and arg( i). z − [3]

connection. The rate of change of r is proportional to the difference between r and a
constant. The initial value of r is 348. If r is 43, it remains at this constant value.
(i) Show that
d
( 43)
d
r
k r
t
= − . [2]

(ii) Hence obtain an expression for r in terms of k and t. [4]

The total amount of data downloaded, I kilobytes, in time t seconds, is given by
d
d
I
r
t
= .
(iii) Given that there is no data downloaded initially, find I in terms of k and t. [2]

(iv) It is given that a file with a size of 5700 kilobytes takes 90 seconds to

(v) Explain what happens to the value of r in the long run. [1]

[Turn Over 5
11

The diagram above shows part of the structure of a modern art museum designed by
Marcus, with a horizontal base OAB and vertical wall OADC. Perpendicular unit
vectors i, j, k are such that i and k are parallel to OA and OC respectively.

The walls of the museum BCD and ABD can be described respectively by the
equations

1
5 36
6
− | |
|
⋅ − =
|
|
\ ¹
r and
14 5 1
0 4 0
0 0 4
λ µ
− | | | | | |
| | |
= + +
| | |
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
r , where , λ µ ∈ .

(i) Write down the distance of A from O. [1]

(ii) Find the vector equation of the intersection line of the two walls BCD and
ABD. [3]

(iii) Marcus wishes to repaint the inner wall ABD. Find the area of this wall. [3]

Suppose Marcus wishes to divide the structure into two by adding a partition such
that it intersects with the walls BCD and ABD at a line. This partition can be
described by the equation 2 7 x y z α β − + = , where , α β ∈ .

(iv) Find the values of and α β . [2]

(v) Another designer, Jenny, wishes to construct another partition which is
described by the equation 2 7 x y z α γ − + = , where γ β ≠ . State the
relationship between Jenny’s and Marcus’ partitions. [1]

Deduce the number of intersection point(s) between the walls BCD, ABD, and
Jenny’s partition. [1]

B
k
O
C
D
i
j
A
[Turn Over 6
12 The curves
1
C and
2
C have equations
2 2 2
( 2) (1 ) x a y − = − and
2
4
1
x
y
x

=
+
, where
1 2, < < a respectively. Describe the geometrical shape of C
1
. [1]

(a) State a sequence of transformations which transforms the graph of
2 2
1 x y + =
to the graph of
1
C . [3]

(b) (i) Sketch
1
C and
2
C on the same diagram, stating the coordinates of any
points of intersection with the axes and the equations of any
asymptotes. [6]

(ii) Show algebraically that the x-coordinates of the points of intersection
of
1
C and
2
C satisfy the equation
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2 2 2 2
1 2 ( 1) ( 4) x x a x a x + − = + − − . [2]

(iii) Deduce the number of real roots of the equation in part (ii). [1]

[Turn Over 7

Qtn Solutions
1.
2
4
0
2 ( 2)
x
x x
− ≤
− −

2
2
2 4
0
( 2)
x x
x
− −
⇒ ≤

( )
2
2
1 5
0
( 2)
x
x
− −
⇒ ≤

2
( 1) 5 0, x ⇒ − − ≤ ,
2
( 2) x − is always positive for all real values of x.

1 5 1 5 , 2 x x ⇒ − ≤ ≤ + ≠

For
2
e 4
e 2 (e 2)
x
x x

+ +

Replace x by e
x
− ,

1 5 e 1 5
x
⇒ − ≤ − ≤ +

( )
ln 5 1 x ⇒ ≤ −
2.
Let P(n) be the proposition
2
2 1
n
n
u
n
+
=

.
When n = 0,
LHS of P(0) =
0
2 u = − (given)
RHS of P(0) =
2
2
1
= −

∴ P(0) is true.

Assume P(k) is true for some { } 0 k
+
∈ ∪
i.e.
2
2 1
k
k
u
k
+
=

.

Show that P(k+1) is true
i.e.
1
3
2 1
k
k
u
k
+
+
=
+
.
When n = k + 1,
LHS of P(k+1) =
1
( 3)
2 2
k
k
k
k u
u
u k
+
+
=
+ +

=
( )( ) 3 2
2 1
2
2 2
2 1
k k
k
k
k
k
+ +

+ | |
+ +
|

\ ¹

=
( 3)( 2)
(2 1)( 2)
k k
k k
+ +

+ +

=
3
2 1
k
k
+
+
= RHS of P(k+1)
[Turn Over 8
Since P(0) is true & P(k) is true ⇒ P(k + 1) is also true, hence by mathematical
induction P(n) is true for all { } 0 . n
+
∈ ∪
3

(a)

(b)

(c)

x

( )
7 , 2
2
1
2
1
: f
1 2
2
1
2
1
1 2 2
2 1 2
1
2
> + − ∴
− < + − =
− = + ±
− − =

x x x
x y x
x y
x y
a
Q

a = 2

( ) ∞ = , 7
f
R , ( ) ∞ − = , 1
g
D .
Since
g f
D R ⊆ , gf exists.

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
f g
, 1 7, ln 7 , a −∞ − → ∞ → + ∞
D
f
R
f
R
gf

4(i)

( )
2
2
2
d 1
d
1
x t
t
t

=
+

( )
2
2
2
d 1
d
1
y t
t
t
+
=

( ) f y x =
x a = −
1 a −
( ) g y x =
7
-1
[Turn Over 9

(ii)
3
2
2
d 1
d 1
y t
x t
| | +
=
|

\ ¹

Equation of tangent:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
3
2
2 2 2
3 3 2 2
2 2 2 2
3
2 3
1
1 1 1
1 1 1 1
1 4
t t t
y x
t t t
t y t x t t t t
t x t
| | + | |
− = −
| |
− − +
\ ¹
\ ¹
− = + − + + −
= + −

When
1
2
t = ,
d
27
d
y
x
=

Let α be the acute angle between the two lines.

( )
1
1
tan 27 87.879
tan 1 45
42.9
A
B
A B α

= = °
= = °
= − = °

Alternative Solution

( ) ( )
1
27 1 26
tan
1 27 1 28
26
tan 42.9
28
α
α

= =
+
= = °

5(i)
4
0
\$1.1 (100 000) \$146 410 = = u
(ii)
1 0
1.1( 12 ) = − u u x
[ ]
2 0
2 2
0
1.1 1.1( 12 ) 12
1.1 1.1 (12 ) 1.1(12 )
= − −
= − −
u u x x
u x x

α
A B
Note: α = A - B
tan A = 27 , tan B = 1
[Turn Over 10
2 2
3 0
3 3 2
0
1.1 1.1 1.1 (12 ) 1.1(12 ) 12
1.1 1.1 (12 ) 1.1 (12 ) 1.1(12 )
= − − −

= − − −
u u x x x
u x x x

:
:
( )
( )
( )
1
0
1
0
0
0
1.1 1.1 (12 ) 1.1 (12 ) ... 1.1(12 )
1.1 12 1.1 1.1 ... 1.1
1.1 1.1 1
1.1 12
0.1
1.1 132 1.1 1

= − − − −
= − + + +
| |

| = −
|
\ ¹
= − −
n n n
n
n n n
n
n
n n
u u x x x
u x
u x
u x

(iii) n = 7 at end of 2020
7 7
0
1.1 132 (1.1 1) 1000 u x − − <
\$2270.30 x >
Least x to the nearest dollar = \$2271

6(a)

2
2
2
2
1
d
3 4
1 1
d
3
4
4
1 1
d
4
3
2
3
1 1
2
ln
4 3 3
2
3 2 3
ln
12 2 3
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
C
t
t
C
t

= −

= −
| |

|
\ ¹

= − +

+

= − +
+

(b)
d
5 ln5
d
d 1 1
d 5 ln5 ln5
5
x
x
x
u
x
x
u u
u
=
∴ = =
=

[Turn Over 11
2
2
2
5 cos (5 ) d
1
cos d
ln5
1
cos d
ln5
1
(1 cos 2 ) d
2ln5
1 sin 2
2ln5 2
1 sin 2(5 )
5
2ln5 2
x x
x
x
x
u u u
u
u u
u u
u
u C
C
= ⋅
=
= +

= + +

= + +

7i
( ) ( )
2 2
d
When 0, 1, 4.
d
d
1 1
d
d
(2) 4
d
2 (Shown)
y
x y
x
y
x b y
x
y
b
x
b
= = =
+ = +
⇒ = =
⇒ =

( )
2
2
2
2
2
d d d
1 2 2 2
d d d
d
16
d
16
8
2!
y y y
x x y
x x x
y
x
a
| |
+ + =
|
\ ¹
=
= =

ii

1
2
1
2
2
2 2
2 2
2
f( )(4 )
1
(1 4 8 ...)(1 )
2 4
1 3
( )( )
1 1
2 2
(1 4 8 ...)(1 ( )( ) ( ) ...)
2 2 4 2! 4
1 3
(1 4 8 ...)(1 ...)
2 8 128
1 31 963
(1 ...)
2 8 128

+
= + + + +
− −
= + + + + − + +
= + + + − + +
= + + +
x x
x
x x
x x
x x
x
x x x
x x

iii
16
31

Equation of normal:
[Turn Over 12
1 16
2 31
y x = −

8(i) 4
( 1) ( 2) 1 2
r A B C
r r r r r r

= + +
− + − +

4 ( 2) ( 1)( 2) ( 1) r Ar r B r r C r r − = + + − + + −
1, 2, 1 A B C = = − =
(ii)
2
2
4
( 1) ( 2)
1 2 1
1 2
1
1 1
4
1 2 1
2 3 5
1 2 1
3 4 6
1 2 1
4 5 7
1 2 1
4 3 1
1 2 1
3 2
1 2 1
2 1 1
1 2 1
1 2
1 2 1 1 1 2 1
2 3 3 1 2
1 1 1 1
6 1 2
n
r
n
r
r
r r r
r r r
n n n
n n n
n n n
n n n
n n n n
n n n
=
=

− +
= − +
− +
= − +
+ − +
+ − +
+ − +
+
+ − +
− − −
+ − +
− −
+ − +
− − +
+ − +
− +
= − + + + − +
+ +
= − + +
+ +

M

(iii)
1 1 1
lim 0
1 2
n
n n n
→∞
| |
− + + =
|
+ +
\ ¹
, hence the series in (ii) converges.

2
4 1
( 1) ( 2) 6
r
r
r r r

=

=
− +

[Turn Over 13
(iv)
2
3
( 1)( 3)
n
r
r
r r r
=

+ +

1 3 ( 1) 3
...
(2)(3)(5) ( 1)( )( 2) ( 1)( 3)
n n
n n n n n n
− − −
= + + +
− + + +

1
2
4 2
( 1) ( 2) (1)(2)(4)
n
r
r
r r r
+
=

= −
− +

1 1 1 1 1
6 1 2 3 12 n n n
= − + + −
+ + +

1 1 1 1
12 1 2 3 n n n
= − − + +
+ + +

9.

2
1 i 2 z − − ≥
(1 i) 2 z ⇒ − + ≥

1
arg
12 3 i
z π + | |

|
+
\ ¹

arg( 1)
12 6 4
z
π π π
⇒ + ≥ + =

Method 1:
1 7
2
4 2
QR = − = ;
7 1
2
4 4
PQ = + =
Method 2: QR is the perpendicular bisector, so PQ = 2 (radius)
i 2 z ⇒ − >

( ) arg i
4 2
z
π π
≤ − <
10(i)

Let the constant be a.
d
( ) , where is a constant.
d
r
k r a k
t
∴ = −
- 1
x
O
y

(1,1)
P
Q
1
1

R
[Turn Over 14
Given 43 r = when
d
0
d
r
t
= ,
0 (43 )
Since 0, then 43
k a
k a
∴ = −
≠ =

d
( 43)
d
r
k r
t
∴ = − (shown)
(ii)
1
1
d d
43
ln 43
r k t
r
r kt C
=

− = +
∫ ∫

1
1
43 e
43 e where e
kt C
C kt
r
r A A
+
− =
= + =

When 0 t = , 348 r = .
305 A ∴ = .
43 305e
kt
r ∴ = +
(iii)
2
d
(43 305e ) d
305
43 e
kt
kt
I r t
t
t C
k
=
= +
= + +

When 0 t = , 0 I = .
2
305
C
k
∴ = −
305
43 (e 1)
kt
I t
k
∴ = + −
(iv) Given 5700 I = and 90 t = ,
90
90
90
305
5700 43(90) (e 1)
305
1830 (e 1)
6 e 1
k
k
k
k
k
k
∴ = + −
= −
= −

Solving using GC,
0.167 k = − or 0 k = (NA)

(v)
1
6
43 305e
t
r

= +
If t becomes larger,
1
6
305e 0
t −
→ , 43 r →
Hence r would be reduced to a steady 43 kilobytes per second in the long run.

11i OA = 14
[Turn Over 15
ii Plane ABD
5 1 16
4 0 20
0 4 4
4 14 4
. 5 0 . 5 56
1 0 1
r
− | | | | | |
| | |
× = −
| | |
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
| | | | | |
| | |
− = − =
| | |
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
%

4 5 56
5 6 36
x y z
x y z
− + = ¦

´
− − + =
¹

Using GC to solve:
4 1
8 1 ,
0 1
r γ γ
| | | |
| |
∴ = − + ∈
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹

%

OR
14 5 1
4 . 5 36
4 6
14 5 20 24 36
25 25 50
2
λ µ
λ
µ
λ µ λ µ
µ λ
µ λ
+ − − | | | |
| |
− =
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
− − + − + =
= +
= +

14 5 1
0 4 ( 2) 0
0 0 4
12 4
0 4
8 4
12 1
0 1 ,
8 1
r λ λ
λ
γ γ
− | | | | | |
| | |
= + + +
| | |
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
| | | |
| |
= +
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
| | | |
| |
= + ∈
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹

[Turn Over 16
iii
4 12
8 8 0
8
(Reason: j is zero.)
4
8
0
12 14 2
0 0 0
8 0 8
12 4 8
0 8 8
8 0 8
+ | | | |
| |
= − + ⇒ = ⇒ =
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
| |
|
= −
|
|
\ ¹
− | | | | | |
| | |
= − =
| | |
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
| | | | | |
| | |
= − − =
| | |
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
uuuv uuuv
%
uuuv
uuuv
uuuv
OD OD
OB
BD
γ
γ γ
γ

1
Area =
2
8 2 1 1 4
1
8 0 8 1 0 8 5
2
8 8 1 4 1
8 42 51.8 (3 s.f.)
×
− − | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | |
= × = × = −
| | | | |
| | | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
= =
uuuv uuuv

iv 2(4) 7( 8) (0)
2(12) 7(0) 8
64, 5
α β
α β
β α
− − + =
− + =
⇒ = =

OR

The 3 planes intersect at the line
4 1
8 1 ,
0 1
r γ γ
| | | |
| |
= − + ∈
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹

%

2 1
7 . 1 0
1
2 7 0
5
α
α
α
| | | |
| |
− =
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
− + =
=

[Turn Over 17
4 2
8 . 7 8 56 64
0 5
64 β
| | | |
| |
− − = + =
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
=

v Their partitions are parallel to each other.

There is no intersection point.
12 Ellipse

(a)
2 2 2
( 2) (1 ) x a y − = −
2
2
2
( 2)
1
x
y
a

⇒ + =

Method 1:
Sequence of transformations:
1) Scale // to x-axis by factor a.
2) Translate in the positive x-direction by 2 units.

Method 2:
Sequence of transformations:
1) Translate in the positive x-direction by
2
a
units.
2) Scale // to x-axis by factor a.

[Turn Over 18
(bi)
2
2
1
1 4
( )
4
( 1)
3

+ −
− +
− −
− − −

x
x x
x x
x
x

x
y

(bii)
Sub
2
4
1

=
+
x
y
x
into
2 2 2
( 2) (1 ) x a y − = − :
2
2
2 2
4
( 2) 1
1
| |
| | −
| − = −
|
|
+
\ ¹
\ ¹
x
x a
x

( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2
2 2 2 2
1 ( 2) 1 4 ⇒ + − = + − − x x a x a x --- (*)
(shown)

Hence the x-coordinate of the points of intersection of
1
C and
2
C satisfy equation (*).
(b)
(iii)
From (ii), number of intersection points between
1
C and
2
C gives the number of
real roots of the equation (*).

From the graphs, there are 2 points of intersection between
1
C and
2
C . Hence 2
real roots.

1 = − x

1 = − y x
2
2
4
1

=
+
x
y
x

4 −
2
2
2
( 2)
1
x
y
a

+ =

2 − a 2 a + 2 −
HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
1
2010 HCI H2 Mathematics Preliminary Examination Paper 2 Solution
Qn Solutions
1

Surface area of the tin and lid
=
2
2 2 10 x xy x π π π + + =400π

2
200 5 x x
y
x
− −
=

Volume of the container
( )
2
2
3 2
200 5
200 5
x x
x
x
x x x
π
π
| | − −
=
|
\ ¹
= − −

( )
2
d
200 3 10
d
V
x x
x
π = − −
d 20
0
d 3
V
x
x
= ⇒ = or 10 x = − (rejected)

( )
2
2
d
6 10 0
d
V
x
x
π = − − < when
20
3
x =
V is maximum when
20
3
x = .
When
20
3
x = ,
55
3
y =
(or x = 6.67, y = 18.3).
2(i)
5
32 0 z − =
5
32 z ⇒ = e
i0
= 32e
i2k π

2 i
5
2e
k
z
π
⇒ = where 0, 1, 2. k = ± ±
(ii)
The highest power in the equation
5
2 1
32
w
w
+ | |
=
|
\ ¹
is four since the terms with w
5
are
canceled out. Hence the equation has only four roots.

5
1
2 32
w
| |
+ =
|
\ ¹

2 i
5
1
2 2
k
z e
w
π
⇒ + = =

( )
2 i 2 i
5 5
1
2 2 2 1
k k
e e
w
π π
⇒ = − = −

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1 2 3 4
2 i 2 i 4 i 4 i
5 5 5 5
1 1 1 1
2 1 1 1 1
w w w w
e e e e
π π π π − −
⇒ + + +

= − + − + − + −

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
2

=
2 4
2 2cos 2cos 4
5 5
π π
+ −

=
2 4
4 cos cos 2 .
5 5
π π
+ − ∈

Or use GC,
1 2 3 4
1 1 1 1
w w w w
+ + + = −10.
3
2
n
S an bn c = + +
1 1
100 U S a b c = = + + =
2
4 2 190 S a b c = + + =
10
100 10 360 100 90 550 S a b c = + + = + + =
Using GC,
5 a = − , 105 b = , 0 c =
Thus
2
5 105
n
S n n = − +

1 n n n
U S S

= −
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
5 105 5 1 105 1 n n n n = − + − − − + −
110 10n = −
( )
1
110 10 110 10 10
n n
U U
n n

= − − − +

10 (a constant) = −
Hence sequence is an AP.
4i
0 1 1
2 (1 ) 0 2
0
0 0 0
0 (1 ) 2 2 2
2
0 1 1
2 2 2 2 4
2 3
− | | | | | |
| | |
= + − =
| | |
| | |
− −
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
| | | | | |
| | |
= + − = −
| | |
| | |
− − +
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
− − | | | | | |
| | |
= − − = −
| | |
| | |
− + − − +
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
uuuv
uuuv
uuuv
OX
t t
OY
t t t t
XY
t t t t t
µ
µ µ µ
µ
µ µ µ
µ
µ µ
µ µ µ
µ µ µ

OR
1
2 AB
t
− | |
|
=
|
|

\ ¹
uuur

0
2
2
BC
t
| |
|
= −
|
|
\ ¹
uuur

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
3
( )
1 1
1 2 2 2 XB
t t t
µ
µ µ
µ
− − | | | |
| |
= − = −
| |
| |
− −
\ ¹ \ ¹
uuur

0 0
2 2
2 2
BY
t t
µ µ
µ
| | | |
| |
= − = −
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
uuur

1 0 1
2 2 2 2 4
2 3
XY XB BY
t t t t t
µ µ
µ µ µ
µ µ µ
− − | | | | | |
| | |
= + = − + − = −
| | |
| | |
− −
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
uuur uuur uuur

ii Suppose O, X, Y are collinear.
Then
1 0
2 2 2
2
1 0 1 (Out of range)
=
− | | | |
| |
= −
| |
| |
− − +
\ ¹ \ ¹
− = ⇒ =
uuuv uuuv
OX kOY
k
t t t
µ
µ µ
µ µ
µ µ

Thus O, X, Y are not collinear.

iii
1 0
2 2 2
2
OX OY
t t t
µ
µ µ
µ µ
− | | | |
| |
= −
| |
| |
− − +
\ ¹ \ ¹
uuuv uuuv

= µ(4 – 4µ + t
2
– 2µt
2
)
= 0
2
2 2
4 1 1
0 (reject) or = +
4 2 2 2
t
t t
µ µ
+
⇒ = =
+ +

For all t ∈»\{0}, 0 < µ < 1.
Thus ∠XOY can be 90° when 0 ≠ t .
HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
4
iv
1
2 4
3
projection vector
1 4 4
2 4 . 1 . 1
3 0 0
17
4
4 4 2 4
1
17
0
4
2
1
17
0
XY
t t
t t
µ
µ
µ
µ
µ
µ
µ µ
− | |
|
= −
|
|
− +
\ ¹
− | | | | | |
| | |

| | |
| | |
− +
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
=
| |
− + −
|
=
|
|
\ ¹
| |
|
= −
|
|
\ ¹
uuuv

5(i)
( ) ( )
2 2
6 2 3 x y x − + + = +

( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2 2 2
2 3 6
9 2 3
y x x
x
+ = + − −
= −

(ii)

(iii)

For the equation ( ) ( )
2
2 9 2 3 y x + = − ,
When 2 x = , 1 y = .
HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
5
When 7 y = , 6 x = .

Method 1: Using d x y

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2
2 9 2 3
2 2 3 1
3
2 18 2 9
y x
y y
x
+ = −
| |
+ +
= + = + |
|
\ ¹

( )
( ) ( )
2
7
1
7
3
1
2
2
1
3 d 2(6)
2 9
1 ( 2)
3 12
2 27
1
21 27 3 1 12
2
10 units
y
R y
y
y
| |
+
| = + −
|
\ ¹
¦ ¹
+ ¦ ¦
= + −
´ `

¦ ¦
¹ )
¦ ¹
= + − + −
´ `

¹ )
=

Method 2: Using d y x

( ) ( )
2
2 9 2 3
2 3 2 3 [ 2 3 2 3 N.A.]
y x
y x y x
+ = −
= − + − = − − −

( )
6
2
6
3
2
2
4(7) 2 3 2 3 d
28 2 (2 3)
R x x
x x
= − − + −
¦ ¹

¦ ¦
= − − + −
´ `
¦ ¦
¹ )

= { 28 – [(–12 + 27) – (–4 + 1)]}
= 10 units
2

(iv) Volume required
= vol. of cylinder – (vol. generated by curve from y = –2 to y = 1)
( )
6
2
2
2
(7) (4) 2 3 2 3 d x x π π

= − − + −

= 196π – 92π
= 327 unit
3
(3 s.f.)
6 Use random sampling method to select a sample from each class. The number of seats from
each class would be proportional to the size of each stratum.

Any 1 of the answers below:
Some passengers have
booked a flight ticket but did not turn up or changed flight so some of the seats in the sample
may not have a passenger.

OR
First Class Business Class Economy Class
4 16 60
HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
6
The flight is not fully booked so the chosen seat could be empty.

OR The passenger may ignore the questionnaire.

It is not appropriate to use simple random sampling as passengers from different classes may
have different opinions on the service. The number of passengers in the first class is very
small, so the passengers from the first class may not be chosen at all using the simple random
sampling method.

7(i)
No. of ways =
10!
12600
4!3!2!
=

7(ii) Case 1: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the 4th row with the 4
th
tile being red or
green.
No. of ways
= no. of ways with B, B, Y, G in 4th row + no. of ways with B, B, Y, R in 4th row
=
4! 6! 4! 6!
3240
2! 2!2! 2! 2!2!2!
× + × =
Case 2: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the third row.
No. of ways =
3! 7!
1890
2 2!2!2!
× =
Total no. of ways = 3240 + 1890 –
3!
2!

3!
2!

4!
2!

3!
2!

4!
2!
3!
= 5130 – 108 – 216 = 4806

7(iii) No. of ways such that less than 3 yellow tiles are in the fourth row
= 12600 −
4
3
C
7!
4!2!
=12600 − 420 =12180
7 last
part
No. of ways
=
6!
3!2!
×
7
C
4
= 2100
8(i) 2010 10(9000)
9201,
10
x
+
= =
( )
( ) ( )
2
2
2
9000
1 507147
9000
9 10 9
x
s x

= − − =

H
0
: 9000 µ =
H
1
: 9000 µ >
Test Stat:
9000
~ (9)
507147
9 10
x
t

=
×

p–value = 0.01265 < 0.05

Since the p –value = 0.01265 < 0.05, we reject
0
H and conclude that there is sufficient
evidence, at 5% level of significance, that the mean life span of the electronic component has
increased.
HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
7

8(ii) H
0
: 9000 µ = vs H
1
: 9000 µ >
Under H
0
, X ~ N(9000,
25
2
10
) = N(9000, 62.5).
Test Statistic =
X – 9000
62.5
~ N(0, 1).
Level of significance = 1%
P(Z > 2.326347877) = 0.01
At the 1% significance level, reject
0
H if z ≥ 2.326347877.
z =
x – 9000
62.5
≥ 2.326347877
x ≥ 9018.391395 = 9020.

Assumptions: The standard deviation of the life span remains unchanged after the change in
process.
9
First
part

~ N(190, 576) X
1 20 21 30
0.001( ... ) 0.001(2)( ... ) ~ N(0, 0.03456) T X X X X = + + − + +

P( | | 0.15) P( 0.15 0.15) T T ≤ = − ≤ ≤
= 0.580

OR

A = X
1
+... + X
20
– 2(X
21
+... + X
30
) ~ N(0, 34560)

0.15
P( | | ) P( 150 150)
0.001
A A ≤ = − ≤ ≤
= 0.580
9(i) Let Y be the r.v. denoting the mass of a randomly chosen apple from Mark's orchard.
2
~ N( , 30 ) Y µ

Since the shaded area is the same, using the symmetric property of the normal curve,
110 µ =

9(ii) Probability that Mark will get an apple graded as 'large' chosen at random = ( 150) P Y > =

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
8
0.09121128

Let A be the r.v. denoting the number of apples graded as large out of 65 randomly chosen
apples.
~ (65, 0.09121128) A B

( 5) 1 ( 4)
0.718
P A P A ≥ = − ≤
=

10(a)
(i) P(A M ) =
200 1
400 2
=
(ii) P(M ' ∩ C ')
250 300 11
1000 20
+
= =

( ) ( ) ( )
9 1
,
20 2
P A P A M P A = = ≠
A and M are not independent.
10(b) (i) No. of immigrants in the sample
= ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.2 200 250 0.3 130 300 0.05 120 225 + + + + =
P(voter supports Party A given voter is an immigrant)
0.2 450
0.4
225
×
= =

(ii) Number of immigrants supporting Party C = ( ) 0.05 120 =6
P(exactly one immigrant voter supporting Party C or
exactly one female voter supporting Party A (or both))
( )
( ) ( )
exactly 1 immigrant voted for C
exactly 1 female voted for A both
P
P P
=
+ −

6 994 250 750 250 6 744
1 2 1 2 1 1 1
1000
3
0.434
C C C C C C C
C
+ −
= =

Alternative method:
Required Probability =
6 994 993 250 750 749 6 250 744
3 3 3!
1000 999 998 1000 999 998 1000 999 998
× + × − ×
= 0.434

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
9

11(i)

Let X be the r.v. denoting the number of call–ins in a week. Hence ~ Po
4
X
λ | |
|
\ ¹
.

We are looking for the λ such that P(X ≤ 9) = 0.701

From graph, the value of 32.5 λ = (to 3 sig.fig).

The condition is that the rate of call–ins received by the centre is constant throughout a
month / the call–in occurs randomly / The call–ins occur in a month are independent of one
another

11(ii) Let Y be the r.v. denoting the number of call–ins in a week.
~ Po(32.5) Y
Since the mean is bigger than 10, hence
~ (32.5, 32.5) Y N approximately.

c.c
(25 40) (25.5 40.5) P Y P Y < ≤ → < < = 0.810

11(iii
)
Let S be the r.v. denoting the number of successful cases out of the n people in a support
group.
3
~ ( , )
20
S B n

Since the number of groups concerned, which is 70, is large, therefore by applying CLT,
3 3
1
3 20 20
~ ( , )
20 70
n
S N n
| || |

| |
\ ¹\ ¹
approximately.

EITHER
n
( 4) P S ≥
27 0.589
28 0.812
Hence minimum value of n is 28.

OR

( 4) 0.7 P S ≥ >

λ
( 9) P X ≤

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
10
( 4) 0.3 P S < <
4 0.15
( ) 0.3
0.1275
70
4 0.15
0.5244
0.1275
70
0.1275
4 0.15 ( 0.5244 )
70
0.1275
0.15 (0.5244 ) 4 0
70
5.23912 or 5.0899(reject)
27.45
n
P Z
n
n
n
n n
n n
n n
n

< <

< −
− < −
− − >
> < −
>

Least n = 28.

12(i) Location F should be omitted as the road distance cannot be smaller than the straight line
distance, indicating that it is an incorrect data entry.

From the scatter diagram, another location that should be omitted is location H, as it is an
outlier based on the scatter diagram.

12(ii)

The suitable regression line is the regression x on y:
0.3936554 0.81702935 x y = +
When y = 20.0,
16.7 x = km

12(iii
)

y
s
30 2
70
180
HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions
11

Since the graph of ln s a b y = + is concave downwards whereas the graph of
2
s a by = + is
concave upwards, the graph of ln s a b y = + will be more suitable to describe the scatter
diagram of s and y. Hence model II is more suitable.

12(iv
)

The appropriate regression line of s on ln y is 25.9499647 (45.24427905) ln s y = + ,
i.e. 25.9 (45.2) ln s y = + (to 3 s.f.)

12(v)

Since r for s and ln y is 0.992 close to 1, the linear correlation is strong between s and ln y.
Furthermore, 170 cents is within the data range of the sample. Therefore the estimation using
the line in (iv) is reliable.

Since y is the independent variable, the line found in (iv) is also suitable for the estimation.

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 1 of 10
Solutions to SAJC H2 Maths PRELIM EXAM 2010

Paper 1

S/N Solutions
1
Let
3 2
n
u an bn cn d = + + +
1
63 u = :
( ) ( )
2 3
1 1 (1) 63
63 (1)
a b c d
a b c d
+ + + =
+ + + = −

2
116 u = :
( ) ( )
2 3
2 2 (2) 116
8 4 2 116 (2)
a b c d
a b c d
+ + + =
+ + + = −

3
171 u = :
( ) ( )
2 3
3 3 (3) 171
27 9 3 171 (3)
a b c d
a b c d
+ + + =
+ + + = −

4
234 u = :
( ) ( )
2 3
4 4 (4) 234
64 16 4 234 (4)
a b c d
a b c d
+ + + =
+ + + = −

Using the GC APPL to solve (1), (2), (3), (4) simultaneously, we get:
1, 5, 61, 6 a b c d = = − = =
3 2
5 61 6
n
u n n n = − + +

Hence
50
u = ( ) ( ) ( )
3 2
50 5 50 61 50 6 115556 − + + =

2 1 2
1 ,
2 3 3

≤ − ≠

x
x x
x

1
1 0
2 3
x
x
x

+ − ≤

2
2
1 (1 )(2 3 )
0
2 3
(1 )(1 2 3 )
0
2 3
(1 )(3 3 )
0
2 3
3(1 )
0
2 3
3(1 ) (2 3 ) 0
x x x
x
x x
x
x x
x
x
x
x x
− + − −

− + −

− −

− − ≤

2
3
x >
Hence, to solve
2
2
2
1
1
2 3
x
x
x

≤ −

.
Replace x by
2
x ,
2
3

1
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 2 of 10
2
2
2
3
2
0
3
2 2
0
3 3
2 2
or
3 3
x
x
x x
x x
>
− >
| || |
− + >
| |
| |
\ ¹\ ¹
< − >

3

( )
2

1
2 3 sin 60
2
V Base Area height
x h
= ×
| |
= ° ×
|
\ ¹

(Note: some students might use Pythagoras Thm or Trigo. to find base area.)

2
2
1 3
2 3
2 2
8
(shown)
x h
h
x
| |
= ×
|
|
\ ¹
=

Total cost of constructing prism,
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
1 edges 2 3 2 triangles 2 3 rectangles
1 3
3 6 2 3 2 2 3
2 2
C
h x x xh
= × + × + ×
| | | |
= + + + |
|
|
|
\ ¹ \ ¹

2
2 2
2
2
2 1 2
8 1 3 8
3 6 2 3 2 2 3
2 2
24 48
6 3
3 6 48 24
x x x
x x
x x
x x
x x x x
− −
| | | |
| | | | | | | |
= + + + | |
| | | |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹ \ ¹
= + + +
= + + +

2 3
d
6 6 48 48 0
d
C
x x x
x
− −
= + − − =

2 3
4 3
3
3
3
d
0
d
6 6 48 48 0
6 6 48 48 0
6 ( 1) 48( 1) 0
(6 48)( 1) 0
6 48 1( )
2
C
x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x
x or x rejected
x
− −
=
+ − − =
+ − − =
+ − + =
− + =
= = −
=

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 1 2
3 2 6 2 48 2 24 2
12 12 24 6
54
C
− −
= + + +
= + + +
=

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 3 of 10
Minimum cost C is \$54.

( ) ( )
2
3 4
2
d
6 96 2 144 2 0
d
C
x
− −
= + + >

4(a) 2
3 4 w i = +
Let w x iy = +

2
( ) 3 4 x iy i + = +
2 2
2 3 4 x xyi y i + − = +
2 2
3 x y − = ----- (1)
2 4 xy = ----- (2)
From eq (2):
2
y
x
=
Sub into eq (1):
2
2 4 2
2
3 3 4 0 x x x
x
| |
− = ⇒ − − =
|
\ ¹

Solving, we get 2 x = ± , 1 y = ±
Hence (2 ) w i = ± +
(b)
Let
4
16 z = −
1
4
4
4 ( 2 )
( 2 )
16
16
2 , 2, 1, 0,1
i
i k
i k
z e
z e
z e k
+
+
=
=
= = − −
π
π π
π π

3 3
4 4 4 4
2 , 2 , 2 , 2
i i i i
z e e e e
π π π π
− −
=

5(a)
(i)

Let
2
3 y x = −

3 x y = ± +

Since
0 x ≤
,
3 x y = − +

1
f : 3 , 3 x x x

− + ≥ − a

1
z
2
z
3
z
4
z
Re(z)
Im(z)
2
4
π

O
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 4 of 10
(ii)

(iii)

1
gf ( ) ( 3) 2 3 4

= − + = − + + x g x x

(b)(i)

(ii)
h(16) + h(25) = h(4) + h(1)
= (12 – 6) + (12 – 1) = 17

6(i)
2 2
t
π π −
≤ ≤
The only axes intercept is at (0,0).

From the graph, 0 1 x ≤ ≤ .
When x = 1,
y = f(x)
y = f
-1
(x)
y = f
-1
f(x)
6
-6 0
12
12
3

0 x
x
y
y
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 5 of 10
( ) cos 0
2
t t
π
= ⇒ = ±
When
2
t
π
= , 1
2
y
π
= + . When
2
t
π
= − , 1
2
y
π
= − − .
1 1
2 2
y
π π
∴− − ≤ ≤ +
(ii) 1 cos x t = − ; sin y t t = +
d d d 1 cos
d d d sin
y y t t
x t x t
+
= × =
When
2
t
π
= , 1 cos 1 0 1
2
| |
= − = − =
|
\ ¹
x
π
, sin 1
2 2 2
y
π π π
| |
= + = +
|
\ ¹

1 cos
d 1 0 2
1
d 1
sin
2
y
x
π
π
| |
+
|
+
\ ¹
= = =
| |
|
\ ¹

Equation of line l ,
( ) 1 1 1
2
1 1
2
2
y x
y x
y x
π
π
π
| |
− + = −
|

\ ¹
− − = −
= +

(iii)
When x = 1, 1
2
y = +
π
or 1
2
− −
π
(by symmetry)
One of the points of intersection is the origin. From the graph in part (i), there
is another point of intersection when
1
2
m ≥ +
π
or 1
2
m ≤ − −
π

7(i) 2 4 8
2 6
x y z
x z
+ − =
+ =

From G.C, x = 6 –

2z, y = –1 + 1.25z, z = z
vector equation of l:
6 2
1 1.25 ,
0 1
− | | | |
| |
− + λ λ∈
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
r =

(ii)
1
x
OF y
z
| |
|
=
|
|
\ ¹
uuur

F
1
is on π
1
⇒ 2x + 4y – z = 8 --- (1)

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 6 of 10
1
6 2
9 4
2 1
OF
| | | |
| |
− = λ
| |
| |
− −
\ ¹ \ ¹
uuur

--- (2)

Solving (1) and (2), 2 λ = −

x = 2, y = 1 , z = 0
The foot of the perpendicular is (2,1, 0) .

(iii)
Direction vector of
1 2
26 16
2 8
5 5
2
9 1 8 20
5
2 0 2 1
5 5
F F
| | | |
| |
| | | |
| |
| |
= − = =
| |
| |
| | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹

Vector perpendicular to π
3
=
8 2 18.75 15
5
20 1.25 10 8
4
1 1 50 40
− | | | | | | | |
| | | |
× = − = −
| | | |
| | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

15 2 15
8 1 8 22
40 0 40
| | | | | |
| | |
⋅ − = ⋅ − =
| | |
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
r

vector equation of
3
π :

15
8 22
40
| |
|
⋅ − =
|
|
\ ¹
r

(shown)

(iv) (6, –1, 0) is a point on l.
Perpendicular distance from (6, –1, 0) to the plane π
3

6 2 15 4 15
1 1 8 2 8
0 0 40 0 40
1.75
15 225 64 1600
8
40
| | | | | | | | | |
| | | | |
− − ⋅ − − ⋅ −
| | | | |
| | | | |

\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
= = =
+ + | |
|

|
|
\ ¹

15
1.75 , 8
40
v m
| |
|
= = −
|
|
\ ¹

8(i) Let the height ascended by the athlete and robot after n pulls be A
n
and R
n

respectively.
6 2
9 4
2 1
x
y
z
− | | | |
| |
− = λ
| |
| |
+ −
\ ¹ \ ¹
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 7 of 10
19
0.8 1
20
19
16 1
1
20
20
n
n
n
A

| |

|

\ ¹
| |

= = −

|
\ ¹

0.4
n
R n =

From GC, A
n
= R
n
when 32.4 ≈ n (or tabulate it to get n = 33)
The robot will overtake the athlete after 33 pulls.
(ii) 16 A

= (Note:
n
A is an increasing sequence.)
∴He will never reach the top.

(iii) [ ] 2 2 ( 1)( 0.02)
2
2 0.02 ( 1)
× + − −
= − −
n
x n
nx n n

Robot will reach the top after
16
40
0.4
= pulls.
Athlete must reach top by 39
th
pull.

2
2(19) 0.02(19)(18) ( 19 0.02) 16
39 0.02(19) 16
0.595
x x
x
x
∴ − + − × ≥
− ≥

The minimum value of x is 0.60 (2 d.p.).

9(i)
1
1
1
tan
2
tan
2
tan
d e
d 1
d e
d d
d 1
e
x
x
x
y
x x
y
x x
x x
y C

=
+
=
+
∴ = +
∫ ∫

When x = 0, y = 1
0
1 e 0 C C ⇒ = + ⇒ =

Thus
1
tan
e
x
y

=
(ii)
( )
( )
( )
1
tan
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
d e
d 1 1
d
1
d
Differentiating w.r.t. ,
d d d
1 2
d d d
d d
1 (2 1) 0
d d
x
y y
x x x
y
x y
x
x
y y y
x x
x x x
y y
x x
x x

= =
+ +
⇒ + =
+ + =
⇒ + + − =

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 8 of 10
(iii)
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
3 2 2
2
3 2 2
3 2
2
3 2
d d
1 (2 1) 0
d d
Differentiating w.r.t. ,
d d d d
1 2 (2 1) 2 0
d d d d
d d d
1 (4 1) 2 0
d d d
y y
x x
x x
x
y y y y
x x x
x x x x
y y y
x x
x x x
+ + − =
+ + + − + =
⇒ + + − + =

When x = 0, y = 1 (given)

2 3
2 3
d d d
1, 1, 1
d d d
y y y
x x x
= = = −

Thus Maclaurin series is
2 3
1 1
1
2 6
y x x x = + + − +L

(iv)
(a)
( )
1
1
2
2
2 3 2
2
tan
tan
e
e (1 )
(1 )
1 1
= 1 ... 1 2 3 ...
2 6
3
= 1 ...
2
x
x
x
x
x x x x x
x x

= +
+
| |
+ + − + − + +
|
\ ¹
− + +

(b)
e
1
2 tan x x

+
= e
2x
e
1
tan x

=
2
2 3
(2 ) 1 1
1 2 ... 1 ...
2! 2 6
x
x x x x
| |
| |
+ + + + + − +
| |
\ ¹
\ ¹

=
2
9
1 3 ...
2
x x + + +

10(a)
( ) ( )
1
Let P( ) be the statement ! 1 ! 1, for all
n
r
n r r n n
+
=
× = + − ∈

Proving P(1)
( )
( )
1
1
! 1
1 1 ! 1 1
r
LHS r r
RHS
=
= × =
= + − =

P(1) is true ∴

Assuming that P(k) is true for some positive integer k,
i.e. ( ) ( )
1
! 1 ! 1
=
× = + −

k
r
r r k
To prove P(k+1) is true i.e.…
Then,

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
1
1 1
! ! 1 ! 1
k k
r r
r r r r k k
+
= =
× = × + + × +
∑ ∑

( ) ( ) ( ) 1 ! 1 1 ! 1 k k k = + − + + × +

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 9 of 10
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
1 ! 1 ! 1 1
1 ! 1 1 1
1 ! 2 1
2 ! 1
k k k
k k
k k
k
= + + + × + −

= + + + −

= + + −
= + −

P(k)true P(k 1)is true ∴ ⇒ +

Since P(1) is true,
and P(k) is true P(k 1)is true
by Mathematical Induction, P(n) is true for all n
+

⇒ +

(b)(i)
(ii)

(iii)
2, 1, 3 α β γ = − = = (by GC)
1
3 2
lim lim
1 5 8 5
n n
n n
x x L
L L L
+
→∞ →∞
= =
= − + + −
(or any statement to the same effect)
( )
3 2
3
2
3 2 2
3 2
1 5 8 5
1 5 8 5
3 3 1 5 8 5
2 5 6 0
L L L
L L L
L L L L L
L L L
+ = + −
+ = + −
+ + + = + −
− − + =

As
3 2
2 5 6 0 L L L − − + = , hence L is a root of the equation
3 2
2 5 6 y x x x = − − +
Therefore, L = , or α β γ
( )
1
2
3
2
3
3
2
2 3 2
3 2
1 5 8 5
5 8 5 1
5 8 5 1
5 8 5 3 3 1
2 5 6 0
n n
n n n
n n n
n n n
n n n n n
n n n
x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x x x x
x x x
+
<
− + + − <
+ − < +
+ − < +
+ − < + + +
− − + >

By referring to the graph of
3 2
2 5 6 y x x x = − − + , (or any statement to the same
effect) the y value at
n
x is positive (above the x-axis)
Hence, when
1 n n
x x
+
< , then or
n n
x x α β γ < < > .

11(a) Using A(sin θ + cos θ) + B(cos θ – sin θ) ≡ 4 sin θ,
Comparing the coefficient of sin θ & cos θ respectively,
We have A – B = 4 ----(1)
A + B = 0 --- (2)
Solving the simultaneous equations,
A = 2, B = –2 (Ans)

1
4
0
4sin
d
sin cos
π
θ
θ
θ θ +

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 10 of 10
1
4
0
2(sin cos ) 2(cos sin )
d
sin cos
+ − −
=
+

π
θ θ θ θ
θ
θ θ

1 1
4 4
0 0
4 4
0 0
(cos sin )
2 d 2 d
sin cos
2[ ] 2[ln(sin cos )]
ln 2 (or 2ln 2)
2 2

= −
+
= − +
= − −
∫ ∫
π π
π π
θ θ
θ θ
θ θ
θ θ θ
π π

(b)(i)
2
2
( 1)
t
t +
=
2
( 1) ( 1)
A B
t t
+
+ +

Solving, we have A = 2, B = –2
(ii)
Using substitution t = 2 1 x − ,
2
1
,
2
d 1 1
d 2 1
t
x
t
x t x
+
=
= =

When x =1, t = 1
x = 5, t = 3
Hence
( )
2
5 3
1
1 1 2
3
2
1
3
2
1
3
2
1
3
1
1 1
d ( ) d
2 1
2
d
2 1
2
d
( 1)
1 1
2 ( ) d from ( )
1 ( 1)
1
2[ln( 1) ]
1
1
2ln 2
2
t
x t t
x x t
t
t
t t
t
t
t
t
t t
t
t
+
=
+ − +
=
+ +
=
+
= −
+ +
= + +
+
= −
∫ ∫

b i

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 1 of 9
Solutions to SAJC H2 Maths PRELIM EXAM 2010

Paper 2

Qn Solutions
1 (i)
Length of projection =
AC
uuur
=
2 2
2
1
2
2 1 2
AG
| |
|

|
|
\ ¹
+ +
uuur
=
2 2
1 2
2 1
4 2
2 1 2
| | | |
| |

| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
+ +

=
2 2 8
3
+ +
= 4 units

(ii)
2 2
1
2 2
AC
λ | | | |
| |
= λ = λ
| |
| |
λ
\ ¹ \ ¹
uuur

4 AC =
uuur

2 2 2
4 4 16 λ +λ + λ =

4
3
λ =

2
4
1
3
2
AC
| |
|
=
|
|
\ ¹
uuur

By ratio theorem,
2 3
5
AG AC
AI
+
=
uuur uuur
uur

2 8
4 4
8 8
5
10 5
1 2
8 4
5 5
16 8
AI
| | | |
| |
+
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
=
| | | |
| |
= =
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
uur

(iii)
Angle between AG
uuur

andGC
uuur

=
1
sin
AG AC
AG AC

uuur uuur
uuur uuur
units
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 2 of 9
1
1 2
4
2 1
3
4 2
sin 60.8
1 4 16 4

| | | |
| |

| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
= =
+ + ×
o

2 (i) x + y = 100
d d
(100 ) (100 )
d d
x x
x k x
t t
α − ⇒ = −
1.9 = k (100 – 5) ⇒ k = 0.02
d
0.02(100 )
d
x
x
t
∴ = −
(ii) d
0.02(100 )
d
x
x
t
= −

1
d 0.02 d
100
ln 100 0.02
⇒ =

⇒ − − = +
∫ ∫
x t
x
x t C

When t = 0, x = 5,
−ln(95) = C

So,
( )
ln 100 0.02 ln(95)
ln 100 ln(95) 0.02 since 100
100
1n 0.02
95
− − = −
− − = − <
− | |
= −
|
\ ¹
x t
x t x
x
t

0.02
0.02
100
e
95
100 95

=
⇒ = −
t
t
x
x e

(iii) When t = 0, x = 5 ⇒ y = 95
Initial value of y = 95 ⇒ Half of initial value = 47.5
When y = 47.5, x = 52.5

0.02
52.5 100 95 34.7

= − ⇒ =
t
e t
(iv)

0.02
100 95e
t
x

= −
100 = x
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 3 of 9
As , 100, 0 t x y →∞ → → .
Compound Y will be transformed almost completely to compound X.

3 (a)
0 arg( 1 )
2
≤ + − ≤ z i
π
and 2 z i − =

Let P represent the complex number z x iy = + .

2cos 2
4
a x = = =
π

2sin 2
4
b = =
π

2 1 y = +
( )
2 2 1 z i ∴ = + +
(b) (i)
3
3 3
2 cos sin cos sin
4 4 6 6
w i i
π π π π | || |
= + −
| |
\ ¹\ ¹

Let
1
3 3
cos sin
4 4
w i
π π
= +
2
cos sin
6 6
w i
π π
= −
( )( )
3
1 2
2 ∴ = w w w
3
1 2
2 2(1)(1) 2 = = = w w w
( ) ( )
( )
3
1 2
1 2
arg( ) arg 2
arg(2) arg( ) 3arg( )
w w w
w w
=
= + +

3
0 3
4 6
4
| |
= + + −
|
\ ¹
=
π π
π

2 cos sin
4 4
w i
π π | |
∴ = +
|
\ ¹

2
(0,1)
4
π

b
a
Re(z)
1
-1
P(x,y)
Im(z)
4
π

0
arg( 1 ) z i + − = 0
arg( 1 ) z i + − =
2
π

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 4 of 9

(ii)
2 cos sin
4 4
n n
n n
w i
π π | |
= +
|
\ ¹

Since 4 , n k k = ∈
4
4
4
4 4
2 cos sin
4 4
2 cos
( 1) 2
n k
k
k k
k k
w i
k
π π
π
| |
= +
|
\ ¹
=
= −

4 (i)
Stationary points: Let
( )
2
2
2
8( 1) 8 (2 )
0 0
1
dy x x x
dx
x
+ −
= ⇒ =
+

2 2
1 0 1 1 ⇒ − + = ⇒ = ⇒ = ± x x x

2
8 8( 1)
2 or 2
1 1 ( 1) 1

⇒ = = = = −
+ − +
y y

The stationary points are at
( )
1, 2 and
( )
1, 2 − − .
(ii) Axes Intercepts: When x = 0 , y = 0 ( ) 0 , 0 ⇒ is on the curve.
Horizontal asymptote: as x→ ±∞, y → 0 since y is a proper fraction, there
is a horizontal asymptote at 0 = y

(iii)
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
0
0
2
0
2 2
2
2
f d 2 d
1
2 ln 1
2 ln 1 ln 0 1
2 ln 1 (shown)
n
n
n
x
x x u
x
x
n
n
=
+

= +

= + − +

= +

1

( )
( ) ( )
2
2
2
0
2
f d
2 f d 2 2 ln 2 1
2 2 ln5 2 ln 25
x x
x x

= = +

= =

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 5 of 9
(iv)

5 (i) The sample could be biased or unrepresentative as only those with interest
in the NE programme would volunteer to take part in the survey.

(ii)
Use stratified sampling method.

Select 60 females and 40 males to form the sample of size 100 so that the sample
is more representative of the population.

The selection within each strata according to the gender may be done by simple
random sampling using the available name list:

Obtain the list of female students and label them from 1 to 1080.
Generate 60 unique random numbers between 1 to 1080 inclusive.
Choose the students who correspond to the numbers generated.

A similar procedure can be carried out for the male students.

6 (a) 9!
1260
4!3!2!
=
(b) 4!
12
2!
=
(c) Case 1: (Y-B-Y)(R-B-R)(R-B-R) – each bracket is a fixed group.
2
8
1
x
y
x
=
+

( ) 1,1.19
Volume obtained
( )
( )
1
2
0
1
0
2
3
2 ln 1 1
= 2ln2 units
g x dx
f x dx
π
π
π
π

=
=

=
+

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 6 of 9
Number of arrangements =
3!
2!
=3
Case 2: (Y-B-Y)(R-B-R-B-R)(R) – each bracket is a fixed group.
Number of arrangements = 3!=6
Case 3: (R-B-R-B-R-B-R)(Y)(Y) – each bracket is a fixed group.
Number of arrangements =
3!
2!
=3
Total arrangement = 12

7 (a) (i) Necessarily false. ( | ) 0 ( ) = ≠ P A B P A
(ii) Necessarily false. ( ) ( ) ( ) 0 ∩ = ≠ P A B P A P B
(b) (i) Required probability
1 1 1
0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1
2 4 8
49
0.6125 or
80
= + × + × + ×
=
p p p p
p p

(ii) Required probability
1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1
0.4 0.3 0.1
2 8 9 4 10 4 9 4
0.6125
47
0.0533 or
882
| || | | || |
+ × + × × + × ×
| | | |
\ ¹\ ¹ \ ¹\ ¹
=
=
p p p p p p
p
p p

(iii)
49 7
1
80 10
49 3
80 10
24
0
49
p
p
p
− ≥

< ≤

8 (a) Let R be the no. of Buzzland spies in a suburb of 1200 residents.

(1200, 0.003) R B
Since n = 1200 is large and np = 3.6 < 5
(3.6) R Po approximately

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 7 of 9
( 5)
1 ( 4)
0.294

= − ≤
=
P R
P R
(b) (i) Let T be the total no. of spies present in a city.
(1.7) T Po

Required proportion
( 5)
1 ( 5)
0.007999
= >
= − ≤
=
P R
P R
No. of cities 0.007999 10000 80 = × ≈
(ii) Let n be the no. of cities investigated and U, V the total no. of
Buzzland and Dodoland spies respectively in these cities.

(1.3 ) U Po n , (0.4 ) V Po n

Consider ( 23 and 11) = = P U V .

( 23 and 11)
( 23) ( 11)
= =
= = × =
P U V
P U P V

[Tabulate or graph Y
1
= poissonpdf(1.3X,23) × poissonpdf(0.4X,11)]

Prob is maximum when n = 20.

Assumption: The no. of Buzzland spies is independent of the no. of
Dodoland spies. / The Buzzland and Dodoland spies work
independently.

9 (i)

There exists a positive linear correlation between x and ln y.
(ii) ln 0.28373 0.085622 y x = +
a = 1.0894
b = 0.28373
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 8 of 9

(iii) ln 0.28373(12) 0.085622
ln 3.4903
y
y
= +
=

y = 32.798 ≈ 32.8
Not reliable as x = 12 is out of data range
(iv) ln 7 0.28373( ) 0.085622
6.56 7
x
x
= +
= ≈

We use the line ln y on x since x is the independent variable and ln y is the
dependent variable.
(Cannot use x on ln y even if student states r ≈ 1, so the lines almost
coincide as y is dependent variable.)

10 (a) No.

The distribution would be asymmetric or skewed.
If it can be modeled by Normal distribution, then there will be
approximately the same number of employees earning above and below the
mean salary.
(b) (i) T
A
~ N(55, 25), T
B
~ N(53, 16)
Let T ~ N(54, 10.25) where
2
A B
T T
T
+
=
P(50 <T <60) = 0.864 (3 sig figures).
(ii) T
B
~ N(53, 16)
P( 53 – a ≤ T
B
≤ 53 + a) ≤ 0.6
⇒ P(T
B
≤ 53 + a) ≤ 0.8
⇒ 53 + a ≤ 56.366 (from GC)
⇒ a ≤ 3.37
Hence greatest value of a is 3.37.
(iii) T
A
– T
B
~ N(2, 41)
P(T
A
– T
B
> 0) = 0.6226 ≈ 0.623

Let X be the random variable “ no of days out of 60, on which Anne
will take longer than Ben to travel to work.”
X ~ B(60, 0.6226)

Since np = 37.356 > 5, nq = 22.644 > 5,

X ~ N(37.356, 14.098) approximately,
SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 9 of 9

P( X ≥ 43) → P( X > 42.5) using continuity correction
= 0.0854 (3 significant figures).

11 (a) (i) Let X be the r.v. “pH level of water” and µ be the population mean.
• To test
0
1
: 8.5
: 8.5
H
H
µ
µ
=

at 1 % level of significance
• Under
0
H ,
0
/
X
T
s n
µ −
= (10) t
p-value = 0.0289

Conclusion: Since p-value > 0.01, we do not reject H
0
. There is
insufficient evidence, at 1% level, that the pH level differs from 8.5.
(ii) The pH level of the water in the tanks is assumed to be normally
distributed.

(b) (i)
8.31 x = ,
2
2
1 ( 15.2)
232.2 2.90
79 80
s

= − =

(3 s.f.)

(ii)
By CLT,
2.9027
~ (8.31, ) X N
n
approximately
P( 8.2 X < ) < 0.3
8.2 8.31
0.5244
2.9027
0.11 0.8934
8.1218
65.96
n
n
n
n

< −
− < −
>
>

Least value of n is 66.

2 3.

 200  (i) 1st Term, a = π   = 10 000π  2  9 3 Common ratio, r =   =  4  16 10 000π S∞ = 9 1− 16 160 000π = = 71 808 cm 2 < 72 000 cm 2 7 (ii) Thickness of nth slab, Tn = 50 − (n − 1)d
Last possible slab, Tn = 50 − (n − 1)d > 0 (n − 1)d < 50
2

2

50 n −1 50 d< = 3.846 13 d<
Hence, largest integer d = 3. (iii) Thickness of nth slab, Tn = 50 − 3(n − 1)
n −1  9  Volume of n slab, Vn = [53 − 3n]10 000π     16      n −1 14 14  9  Total Volume = ∑ Vn = ∑ [53 − 3n]10 000π     16   n =1 n =1    3 = 3 313 324 cm = 3 310 000 cm3 (3 s.f.)

th

4.

(i) α = 0.464, β = 5.357
(ii) xn converges ⇒ x n , x n +1 → L so L = ln L2 + 2 so 2 ln L + 2 − L = 0 so L = α or β as above. (iii) x n +1 − x n = ln x n + 2 − x n . From graph, if α < x n < β , ln x n + 2 − x n > 0 ⇒ ln x n + 2 > x n ⇒ x n +1 > x n Also, if x n < α or x n > β , ln x n + 2 − x n < 0 ⇒ ln x n + 2 < x n ⇒ x n+1 < x n . (iv) Since α < 2 < β , x n +1 > x n hence x n → β = 5.357 .
2 2 2 2 2

3 5.
(i)

d y ( x − 1)(2ax + 1) − (ax + x) = dx (x − 1)2 dy For stationary points, = 0 ⇒ 2ax 2 + x − 2ax − 1 − ax 2 − x = 0 dx ax 2 − 2 ax − 1 = 0
2

For curve C to have no stationary points, b 2 − 4ac < 0

⇒ (−2a ) 2 − 4(a )(−1) < 0
4 a 2 + 4a < 0 4 a ( a + 1) < 0

−1 < a < 0

(ii)

y=

ax 2 + x 1+ a = ax + (1 + a ) + x −1 x −1
y

 1   − , 0  a 

(0, 0)

x

Asymptotes: y = ax + (1 + a ) x =1 Axial Intercepts: (0, 0)  1   − , 0  a 

x =1

y = ax + (1 + a)

Note: When a = −0.5, the 2 asymptotes will intersect at (1, 0) [Students will not be penalized if they draw the 2 asymptotes intersecting at (1,0)]

(i) AB = 2 BP  5 1 1  OP = (3 OB – OA ) =  1  2 2   8 .4 6. (a)(i) y = f (x) 2 y 2 −2 0 − 2 1 x (ii) y = f ′( x ) y −1 0 1 x (b) y = 2 x −3 ↓ C’ y= 1 x −3 2 = 2 x−4 2 ↓ B’ ↓ A’ ( ) y = 2 ( x + 4)−4 y = 2−x 7.

(i) (x + 2y)2 + 3(x − y)2 = 27 dy dy ) + 6(x − y)(1 − ) = 0 dx dx dy dy + 6(x − y) − 6(x − y) =0 ⇒ 2(x + 2y) + 4(x + 2y) dx dx dy dy ⇒ 2x + 4y + (4x + 8y) + 6x − 6y − (6x − 6y) =0 dx dx dy ⇒ (− 2x + 14y) + 8x − 2 y = 0 dx dy − 8x + 2y y − 4x ⇒ = = (shown) dx − 2x + 14y 7y − x dy 1 − 4(−2) 9 (ii) At point (−2. equation of normal at (−2. 1) is =−1 x − (−2) ⇒ y−1=−x−2 ⇒ y=−x−1 Plotting y = − x − 1 on a graph.  − 2  1       0  x  − 1  2  2 22     = (iii) Shortest distance from C to AB = 3 6 1 1   22 Area of triangle ABC =  − 1 = 11 2  3 2 8.5 1 1     (ii) Equation of lAB: r =  2  + µ  − 1 1 2     0  2      Equation of l: r =  1  + λ  − 1  2  1       1 + µ   2λ      If they intersect. So P = (− 1. area of triangle OPQ = unit −1 2 Q −1 Differentiating wrt x: 2(x + 2y)(1 + 2 .  2 − µ  =  1 − λ  1 + 2 µ   2 + λ      λ = 2. 1 + 6 ≠ 2 + 2 Hence they do not intersect. 1). gradient of tangent is = = =1 dx 7 − (−2) 9 y−1 Hence. 0) and Q = (0. µ = 3 Check by substituting into unused equation. P 1 2 Hence. − 1).

(7y + 2y)2 + 3(7y − y)2 = 27 ⇒ (9y)2 + 3(6y)2 = 27 ⇒ 81y2 + 108y2 = 27 27 9 1 y2 = = = ⇒ 189 63 7 1 ⇒ y =± 7 Substituting into x = 7y. (i) y = ln (1 − sin x) ⇒ ey = 1 − sin x dy − cos x cos x Diff wrt x: dx = =− y e 1 − sin x dy ⇒ ey = − cos x dx 2 dy dy yd y Diff wrt x: e dx2 + ey dx dx = sin x 2 2 yd y y dy ⇒ e 2 + e   = 1 − ey dx dx 2 2 dy dy +   = e−y − 1 (shown) ⇒ dx2 dx (ii) Diff wrt x: d3 y dy d2 y −y dy +2 3 2 =−e dx dx dx dx When x = 0. y = 0 + (−1)x + x + x +… 2! 3! 1 1 = − x − x2 − x3 + … 2 6 .6 (iii) When tangent is parallel to the y-axis. y = ln (1 − sin 0) = ln 1 = 0 dy dy e0 = − cos 0 ⇒ =−1 dx dx d2 y d2 y + (−1)2 = e0 − 1 ⇒ 2 = − 1 dx2 dx 3 dy d3 y 0 + 2 (−1)(−1) = − e (−1) ⇒ 3 = − 1 dx3 dx −1 2 −1 3 Hence. gradient ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ dy dx y − 4x 7y − x 7y − x x =∝ =∝ =0 = 7y Substituting into equation of the curve. equations of tangents are x = ± 7 9.

ln (1 − sin x) = − x − (iv) If x is small. (b) When t = -π. x = -2π When t = π. = = − 1 − x − x2 + … 2 1 − sin x sin x − 1 (iii) From part (ii).7 1 2 1 3 x − x +… 2 6 − cos x cos x 1 Differentiating wrt x. ∫e 2x sin x dx = Area bounded by C and the x-axis = ∫ π 2(1 − cos t )[2(1 − cos t )] dt π = 4 ∫ (1 − 2 cos t + cos t ) dt π − 2 − π π  cos 2t + 1  = 4 ∫ 1 − 2 cos t +  dt −π 2    11  = 4 t − 2 sin t +  sin 2t + t  22   −π   1 1   = 4 π + π −  − π − π  2 2    π . sin x ≈ x and cos x ≈ 1 − (1 − x2 2 x2 ) 2 cos x So. x = 2π (a) 10. ≈ sin x − 1 x−1 x2 = (1 − )(x − 1)−1 2 x2 = − (1 − )(1 − x)−1 2 x2 = − (1 − )(1 + x + x2 + …) 2 x2 = − (1 − + … + x + … + x2 + …) 2 1 = − 1 − x − x2 + … 2 Expansion valid for |x| < 1 1 2x 1 e sin x − ∫ e 2 x cos x dx 2 2 1 1 1 1  = e 2 x sin x −  e 2 x cos x + ∫ e 2 x sin x dx  2 2 2 2  1 2x 1 2x 1 2x = e sin x − e cos x − ∫ e sin x dx 2 4 4 1  1  1  ⇒ 1 +  ∫ e 2 x sin x dx = e 2 x  sin x − cos x  + C 2  2  4  2  1  ⇒ ∫ e 2 x sin x dx = e 2 x  sin x − cos x  + D 5  2  10.

12π = 4π sq units (c) Point of intersection : (-1.84005 1 11.84005) Volume of solid 1 2 ln y dy + π (1.84005) 3 = 8.94 cubic units =π∫ 3.15995) (5 − 3. (a)(i) [k=0] [k=1] [k= –1] [k=2] [k= –2] [k= –3] (ii) Im(z) z4 z2 z1 Re(z) z6 z3 z5 Equation of circle: 11.15995.8 = 12π Area required = 4(2)(2π) . (b)(i) z − 3 + 2i ≤ − 2 3 + i z − (3 − 2i ) ≤ 12 + 1 z − (3 − 2i ) ≤ 13 . 3.

radius half-line from point (6. arg = (3. center (3. -2). -5).9 Circle. -2) (6. -5) Area of shaded region = = = .

75   4      4 x − 15 (ii)  0  and  − 0.5   2 . 3.5β = 1 …. −2  2 . (1) 1 z= 5 2 .Solutions Section A 1.5  are two points on the line = y.1 – 90 = 38.5      Substituting each point into equation of plane.1  (4 + 1 + 9)(1 + 1 + 1)          o o o Hence angle between l1 and p1 = 128.75α + 2. 2 x + 4 x − 70 −1 ≥ 0 x 2 + 4 x − 77 2 x 2 + 4 x − 70 − x 2 − 4 x + 77 ≥0 x 2 + 4 x − 77 x2 + 7 ≥0 x 2 + 4 x − 77 x2 + 7 ≥0 ( x + 11)( x − 7) Since numerator is always positive.f. we can consider ( x + 11)( x − 7) > 0 x > 7 or x < −11 Substitute x with e x . ∴ e x > 7 or e x < −11 (N. 1     − 3  1       o Angle between l1 and normal of p1 = cos −1   = 128.1  3.95 (3 s.  1  2   2        (a)(i) Normal of p1 = 1 x  − 1 =  1   1  1   − 3         − 1   Direction of l1 =  1  1      2   − 1       1 .Catholic Junior College H2 Mathematics Preliminary Examination 2010 Paper 2 -.A.) 2 2.) ∴ x > ln 7 or 1.

fh : x a ln( x − 3) + (iii) y 2 . − 2 2 ) Rf = (−∞.5   1       Distance between l 2 and p3 = 3.3. fg does not exist. b = 1 1  0     Eqn of plane p 4 containing line l 2 is  2   3. 1  = 10  1   2 . for x > 4 ln( x − 3) y = x+ 2 x y=x ( 2.6  2   Normal of p 3 =  b  1    − 0 . β = – 2. ∞) 2 .25α + 2. ∞) . 10 6 − 1 6 = 3 6 2 (i) Since Rg = ℜ ⊆ Df . 2 2 ) x (− 2 . Hence ln( x − 3) > 0 ⇒ x > 4 hence least a = 4.5    Direction vector of l 2 =  1   0     2   − 0 . − 2 2 ] ∪ [2 2 . 1  = 0. (ii) fh exists if Rg ⊆ (0.5β = 0 ….5      b . (2) α = 2.  1  =  0 .75   2       r.

Since the line y = c (candidates should indicate a horizontal line where c > 2 2 or c < −2 2 ) cuts the graph twice. (a) Since y = x and LHS = 1 = dy =1. for x > k. the least value of k = 2 . Since f-1 exists. 4. and f is 1-1 for x > 2 . dx x2 + x2 = RHS 2 x2 (b) y = ux dy du =u+x dx dx du x 2 + u 2 x 2 u+x = dx 2 x (ux ) du 1 + u 2 = dx 2u 2 du 1 + u x = −u dx 2u du 1 + u 2 − 2u 2 x = dx 2u du 1 − u 2 x = ( shown) dx 2u 2u 1 ∫ 1 − u 2 du = ∫ x dx − 2u 1 ∫ 1 − u 2 du = −∫ x dx ln(1 − u 2 ) = − ln x + C A 1 − u2 = x A u2 = 1− x 2 y A =1− 2 x x 2 2 y = x − Ax (c) d 2x = 4ae − 2t dt 2 dx = −2ae − 2t + C dt x = ae − 2t + Ct + D u+x 3 . f is not 1-1 and hence f-1 does not exist.

C = 0. D = 0. x = 2e −2 t x = e −2t Section B 5. of ways = 8C 4 = 70 Total no. ∴ x = ae −2t a represents the initial population of the fish (in thousands). of ways = 8 C 5 = 56 Case 2: Daen and Vera in the group No. of ways = 8 C 3 = 56 Case 3: Vera in the group without Daen No. (a)(i) No. of ways = 26 = 64 (iii) No. of ways = 6! = 720 (ii) No.Since entire population is wiped out by the disease eventually. of ways = 6 C1 + 6 C 2 + 6 C 3 + 6 C 4 + 6 C 5 + 6 C 6 = 63 (b) Case 1: Daen and Vera not in the group No. of ways = 56 + 56 + 70 = 182 4 . as Hence.

02 Supplier A p 0.97 (ii) p = Not deformed Not deformed Deformed Deformed 1 3 P(fish-ball is deformed) = 0.6. (i) 0.02 p + 0.02) (1 − p )(3) = (1 − p )(3) + ( p )(2) 3(1 − p ) = 3− p  (−1)(3 − p ) − (−1)(1 − p )  f ' ( p ) = 3  (3 − p ) 2   −6 = (3 − p ) 2 −6 ∴ f ' ( p) = < 0 ∀p ∈ [0. it is less likely that a randomly chosen deformed fish-ball is supplied by B.1] 2 (3 − p ) This means that as a larger proportion of fish-balls are supplied by A.08 = 3 2 = 75 (iii) f( p ) = P(supplied by B | it is deformed) = P(supplied by B and is deformed) P(it is deformed) (1 − p )(0.98 0.03 1–p Supplier B 0.03(2) = + 3 3 0.03(1 − p ) 0.03) + ( p )(0.02 0. 5 .1] since (3 − p ) 2 > 0 ∀p ∈ [0.03) = (1 − p )(0.

3849400) P(Y ≤ 5) = 0.3388. 0. P(X ≥ 2) = 0.8375 + 1. Y ~ N(17. A be the mass of a snapper fish and r.7010 ⇒ n > 15.8n.3849400 ∴ Y ~ B(12. ∴ Y ~ B(40.82295) approximately P(Y ≥ n) < 0. np = 17. Let r.85] = 0.035) P[A1 + A2 + A3 + B1 +B2 > 4. of years.5) > 0. 0.04) P[A1 + A2 + A3 – 2B > 1.8 ⇒ P(Y ≥ n – 0.v.5) = 0. out of 12.8 ⇒ P(Y ≤ n – 0.4.322 12(A1 + A2 + …+ An) + 7(B1 +B2 + …. 0.5] = 0.433470) Since n = 40 > 30.+ B15 – n) ~ N(63 + 7.3388 > 5.5) < 0.3849400 = 0.385 (ii) Let Y be the no.0544 (ii) A1 + A2 + A3 – 2B ~ N(1.983 (iv) Let Y be the no.6. in which the particular residential area is flooded at least twice. B be the mass of a pomfret fish. 1. 9.685) P[12A + 7( B1 +B2) > 21] = 0.20) approximately P(X ≥ 11) = P(X ≥ 10. ∴ X ~ N (20. 1.704 (iii) Let X be the no. in which there are at most 3 floodings. ∴ X ~ Po (20 ) Since λ = 20 > 10. B ~ N(0. A ~ N(1. 0.3175n) 6 . of 4-month periods. nq = 22.12).2.8. (i) Let X be the no. 0. 0.2010 Least n = 16 8.052) (a)(i) A1 + A2 + A3 + B1 +B2 ~ N(4. out of 40.2 ⇒ n – 0.5 > 14. of times the particular residential area is flooded in 5 years. of times the particular residential area is flooded in 4 months.7.v.401 (iii) 12A + 7( B1 +B2) ~ N(20.6612 > 5. 4 ∴ X ~ Po   3 P(X ≥ 2) = 0.

reject H0 if p-value < 0.74. 60 P(90 < X < 100) = 0. σ 2 = ∑ ( x − x ) 2 = 98.04.4375 ≈ 5 800 Total 8 Science 320 × 30 = 12 800 260 × 30 = 9.497271238 s 0.48204 X ~ N (90.402 11 2 2 (Σ x) s = [Σx − ] = [1607.175 n 8 2 1 1 113.718 (i) Let X be the random variable the length of one random metal rod. (a) Arts Boys 75 × 30 = 2. ˆ µ= H0 : µ = 14 cm H1 : µ > 14 cm At 4% level of significance. ) approx by CLT. t = 2.40 − x = = = 14.0392857143 8 n From GC.75 ≈ 10 800 22 Total 15 15 30 Alternative strata: by CCA/gender or by class/gender or any other sensible suggestion (b) ∑ x = 4537. 4537 1 ˆ = 90.e. t = = = 2. Largest n = 11 9. we assume X is normal and use t-test.72 − ]= = 0.0392857143 n 7 8 280 n−1 x − µ0 14. It means that there is a 0.+ B15 – n) > 150 ] < 0.04 probability of wrongly concluding that the mean length of the metal rods is larger than 14 cm when in fact it is 14 cm. Since sample size n = 8 is small and population variance is unknown. complaint is valid.175 − 14 Test-statistic. ∑ ( x − x ) 2 = 4825.020578114 Since p-value < 0. − 7 .04 Σx 113. Assume X is normal.7.81 ≈ 3 800 Girls 145 × 30 = 5. we reject H0 and conclude that at 4% significance level there is sufficient evidence that the mean length of the metal rods is more than 14 cm i.P[12(A1 + A2 + …+ An) + 7(B1 +B2 + ….62 10.48204 50 49 98.497271238 p = 0.74.

x (iii) x increases as y increases.045 9 − ⇒ x < 14.14171491 − ⇒ x < 14.045 or 9-1 200 n−1 − − x − µ0 x − 14 test-statistic. (i) r = 0. b = 22.3 8 .14 (to 2 d.4.(ii) In this case.004151525 0.906 (ii) % earning more than \$5000.04 − x − 14 ⇒ < invT(1 − 0. This is consistent with a model of the form y = a + b ln x .8) 0. (iv) a = -35.045 9 n Since complaint not valid.04. y P % of graduates.2002] = 0. p-value > 0.045 9 ⇒ − x − 14 < 2. but by decreasing amounts. T = = s 0. s2 = n 9 9 [sample variance] = [0.) 11.p. do not reject H0.

9 . extrapolation will make the estimate unreliable.4 (vi) Since x does not lie within the data range.4 + (22.3) ln 84 = 63.(v) y = −35.

.Dunman High School 2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740) Preliminary Examination Paper 1 Suggested Solutions Qn 1 Suggested Solution 1− x 1 x = (1 − x) ×  1 +  2+ x 2 2 −1 2   1 x  x  x  =  −   1 − +   + . ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) = 3(2k + 5) . 2 2 4 4 8 1 3 3 2 = − x + x + . 2 4 8 = Valid values of x: 2 x < 1 ⇒ −2 < x < 2 2 Let Pn be the proposition When n = 1: LHS = ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) = 3(2n + 3) for n ∈ 1 n r =1 n + . ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) = 3(2k + 3) ... ∴ P1 is true..e.. i. i. Assume Pk is true for some k ∈ k + .e. ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) = (2(1) + 1)(2(1) + 3) = 15 RHS = 3(2(1) + 3) = 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 r =1 Since LHS = RHS.. 1 k r =1 to prove Pk +1 is true. 1 k +1 r =1 k +1 LHS = k ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) 1 r =1 k +1 = ∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3) + (2k + 3)(2k + 5) 1 1 r =1 1 .    2 2  2  2    1 1 1 1 1 − x − x + x 2 + x 2 + .

Pn is true for n ∈ + . → 3 6  3 2 +  n  2 .k 1 + 3(2k + 3) (2k + 3)(2k + 5) k (2k + 5) + 3 = 3(2k + 3)(2k + 5) = 2 k 2 + 5k + 3 3(2k + 3)(2k + 5) (2k + 3)(k + 1) = 3(2k + 3)(2k + 5) k +1 = = RHS (shown) 3(2k + 5) = ∴ Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true Since P1 is true. n 1 = 3 3(2n + 3)  3 2 +  n  1 1 ∴ as n → ∞. by mathematical induction. Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true .

f.3(i) n2 − 4n + 5 = (n − 2)2 − 4 + 5 = (n − 2)2 + 1 N 3(ii)  2  n + 1 − n 2 − 4n + 5   n =3  ∑ N =  2  2  n + 1 − ( n − 2) + 1   n =3  ∑ = 32 + 1 + 42 + 1 + 52 + 1 M M + ( N − 2) 2 + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 1 + N 2 +1 − 12 + 1 − 22 + 1 − 32 + 1 M M − ( N − 4) 2 + 1 − ( N − 3) 2 + 1 − ( N − 2) 2 + 1 = N 2 + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − 5 − 2 3(iii) N 2 + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − 5 − 3 < N 2 + 2 N + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 2( N − 1) + 1 (since N >1) = ( N + 1) 2 + ( N − 1 + 1) 2 = N +1+ N = 2N +1 (since N >0) 0 0 3 y dx = ∫  x 3 + 1 dx =  −1  4 1 4(i) Area of R = ∫ −1 y = 1 + x3 ⇒ x = ( y − 1) 3 Area of S = ∫ = b 2 4 3  x dy = ∫ (y -1) dy = ( y − 1) 3  2 4 2 b 1 3 b 4 3 ( b − 1) 3 − 1  4   Equating and solve for b: 4 3 3 ( b − 1) 3 − 1 =   4 4  3 ⇒ b = 1 + 2 4 = 2. x = ( b − 1) 3 = 1. 1892 = k (say) 3 1 .) 4(ii) For y =b . 68 (3 s.

) His claim is not necessarily true since points O. b = 4 5(ii)  →  → If OA is perpendicular to OB .e.1) (unit cube) 5(i) If A. B and C are collinear. a = 0. 6(a) ∫ = et 1 dt = t 2 (1 + 3e ) 3 ∫ 3e (1 + 3e ) t t −2 dt (1 + 3et ) −1 1 +c = − +c −3 3(1 + 3et ) 4 .) b = −6 (nearest int. then   → → OA OB = 0  2 b    3  7 = 0  a   2    i. A. then  →  → AB = λ BC b − 2  3−b      7 −3  = λ 5− 7 2−a 1 − 2      i. 53π (or 11.) or b = −20 (nearest int.) a = −4 (nearest int.Volume required k 2 3 2  2  = π b k − 2 (1) − ∫1 ( x + 1) dx    = 3. λ = −2.e. 2b + 21 + 2a = 0  2  3 3  5     a  1      = cos 60ο 13 + a 2 35 2(6 + 15 + a ) = 13 + a 2 35 31a 2 − 168a − 1309 = 0 a = 10 (nearest int. B and C may not be coplanar.

3 1 4 ∴z = 2 e 7(iii) -i 5π 24 or 2 e Im 1 4 or 2 e Z2 L Re 1 4 i 19π 24 or 2 e -i 17 π 24 Z3 O Z4 7(iv) Z1 L The quadrilateral is a square.1.6(b) ∫ d tan ( x 2 ) = 2 x sec 2 ( x 2 ) dx x3 sec2 ( x 2 ) dx = = 1 2 x  2 x sec2 ( x 2 )  dx   2 ∫ ( ) 1 2 x tan ( x 2 ) − 2 x tan ( x 2 ) dx     2 1 =  x 2 tan ( x 2 ) − ln sec ( x 2 )  + c  2 ∫ 6(c) ∫ 4 x 2 x − 3 dx 0 =− ∫ 3 x 2 ( x − 3) dx + 0 3 ∫ 4 x 2 ( x − 3) dx 3 4  x4   x4  = −  − x3  +  − x3  4 0  4 3 = 7(i) 7(ii) 27 or 13.5 2 No. It applies only for (polynomial) equation in z with real coefficients. Let the length of each side be L Pythagoras Theorem: L = 2|z| =2(2 ) = 2 2 2 2 1 4 2 5 . The statement is not always true. z 4 + 3+ i = 0 ⇒ z 4 = − 3 − i 4  5π  − i   6  ⇒ z = 2e 1 4 z=2 1 5π i ( − + 2 kπ ) e4 6 1 4 =2 e i 7π 24 1 4 i (12k −5)π 24 . 2. k = 0.

5 A is decreasing at the rate of 6 .8(i) ON = 36 − x 2 1  A = 2 ×  × (12 + 2 x ) 36 − x 2  2   = 2 ( 6 + x ) 36 − x 2 Q 6 2x N 6 • O 6 R P 6 S U 2x T 8(ii) dA 2x   1  = 2 36 − x 2 + 2 ( 6 + x )    −  dx  2  36 − x 2  = = = 72 − 2 x 2 − 12 x − 2 x 2 36 − x 2 4 (18 − 3x − x 2 ) 36 − x 2 4 ( 6 + x )( 3 − x ) 36 − x 2 For maximum A . dA = 0 : x > 0 ⇒ x = 3 cm dx d d d 1 dx 1 ⇒ =− ( QR ) = ( 2 x ) = 2 ( x ) = − dt dt dt 10 dt 20 When x = 2. dA 4 ( 8 )(1) = = 32 = 4 2 dx 32 dA dA dx = × dt dx dt  1  = 4 2 ×−   20  =− 2 cm 2 s −1 5 2 cm s −1.

y = ln 2..   2 4   x x2   +   x x2   2 4  = ln 2 +  +  − + .. = dx 2 dx 2 4 1 2 x 1 y = ln 2 + x + 4 + .9(a) (i) y = ln(1 + e x ) ⇒ e y = 1 + ex d dy : ey = ex dx dx dy ⇒ = e x− y dx d d2 y  dy  = e x − y 1 −  : 2 dx dx  dx  2 d y dy  dy  ⇒ 2 =  1 −  (shown) dx dx  dx  dy 1 d 2 y 1 When x = 0...   2      x2 = ln  2 + x + + ... 2 4  2  4  1 1 x − x 2 + .  2    x x2  = ln 2 + ln  1 + + + . 2 2 1 1 = ln 2 + x + x 2 + .... 2 8    x2 x ln(1 + e ) = ln 1 +  1 + x + + ... = . 2 2 4  x x2  1   x2  = ln 2 + + −     + ..... (verified) 2 8 10 tan x − 3 = cos 2 x 2 (2x) 10 x − 3 = 1 − 2 2 ⇒ x + 5x − 2 = 0 = ln 2 + 2 9(a) (ii) 9(a) (iii) 9(b) ∴x = −5 ± 52 − 4(−2) 2 −5 + 33 = (rej -ve as x is small) 2 7 ..

0 ≤θ ≤ π 4 dx dy = eθ (cos θ − sin θ ).68 (2 d.sin θ + cos θ ). ) .) 10(b) (i) y y = f '( x) -2 O x x=2 8 .10(a) (i) x = eθ cos θ . π π π 3e 6 3 + 1 3 1 3e 6 . dθ dθ dy dy dx = / = e-θ dx dθ dθ At (eθ cos θ . the equation of the tangent is ( y − sin θ − cos θ ) = e-θ ( x − eθ cos θ ).p. at ( 2 2 2 2 2 y=e - π 6x+ 1 2 10(a) (ii) Area under the curve C is A = ∫ 4 (sin θ + cos θ ) eθ (cos θ − sin θ ) dθ 0 π = ∫ 4 eθ (cos 2 θ − sin 2 θ ) dθ 0 π = ∫ 4 eθ cos 2θ dθ 0 π ( shown) = 0. Set θ = π 6 . = cos θ − sin θ . the equation of the tangent is ( y − − ) = e 6 (x − ). y = sin θ + cos θ .

a ≠ 1 (since r ≠ 0) 2 r 11(b) N 1 ∑ Tr = ∑  2  + ∑ 2r ln 3 r =1 r =1  3  r =1 N N 1 1−   1 9 = ×   + N ( N + 1) ln 3 1 9 1− 9 N 1 1  =  1 −    + N ( N + 1) ln 3 8 9    11(c) (i) Volume of whole cake = a 2 h + (0.94 + 0.9a ) 2 h + (0.93 a ) 2 h + (0.9 2 a ) 2 h + (0.4280a 2 h N 9 .10(b) (ii) y y= 1 f(x) A’(-2.92 = 3.92 )5 ] 2 = a h 1 − 0.98 ) a 2 h [1 − (0. 0.94 a ) 2 h = (1 + 0.92 + 0.5) 2 O x 11(a) a 1 = 1− r 2 2a = 1 − r r = 1 − 2a ⇒ 1 − 2a < 1 −1 < 1 − 2a < 1 0 < a < 1.96 + 0.

of candles at top layer = 52 + (5 − 1)(−5) = 5 10 .4280 × 200 = \$686 (nearest dollar) 5  2(d 2 ) + (5 − 1)(−d )  = 75  2 2 d − 2d = 15 (d − 5)(d + 3) = 0 d =5 d = −3 (rej. since d >0) or No.11(c) (ii) Cost of whole cake = \$3.

1 . (shown) A O Re 2 D C(1.5 (i) AB = 2 AD =2 ( 2) 2 1 −  2 2 (ii) = 7 Complex numbers represented are 3  7  3  7  + − 1 i and −  + 1 i.   2  2 2  2     Cartesian equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining A and B is y = − 1.–1) and radius Im 2. A circle with centre (1.Dunman High School 2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740) Preliminary Examination Paper 2 Suggested Solutions SECTION A 1 ( z − 1 + i)( z * − 1 − i) = 2 z −1+ i = 2 z −1+ i = 2 2 i.e. Since any two distinct points on the circumference of the circle are equidistance from the centre C.-1) B x=1. hence perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining these points must pass through C.

f −1 : x a a3 − a 2 . a− y y ≠ a. any horizontal line y = b. x ≠ a. cuts the graph of f exactly once. Df = \{−a 2 }. any horizontal line y = b. ∞). ∴ Rg ⊄ Df . (ii) ax . a−x f −1 : x a (iii) a2 x . thus fg does not exist 2 . therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists. 2 x+a xy + a 2 y = ax y= x= a2 y . b ≠ a . or a−x Rg = [− a 2 . OR (2)From the graph above. x ≠ a. b ∈ therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists. cuts the graph of f at most once. x ≠ −a 2 .2(i) y y=a O x = −a 2 x Recommended (1)From the graph above.

Method 2 (not preferred) f( x) = f −1( x) ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ax a2 x = x + a2 a − x ax( a − x ) = a 2 x( x + a 2 ) ax[( a + 1) x + ( a 3 − a )] = 0 ax[( a + 1) x + ( a 3 − a )] = 0 x = 0 or x = a − a 3 −a ( a 2 − 1) = = −a ( a − 1) = a − a 2 . t 20 When t = 0. C '' = 3C ' A = ±eC '' V 3 − 8 = Ae . ⇒ ⇒ A = −7. V = 1. a +1 a +1 3(i) ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ dV 1 8 1 V3 −8 = (V − 2 ) = ( 2 ) dt 60 V 60 V 2 1 V dV = 3 V − 8 dt 60 1 1 ln | V 3 − 8 |= t + C ' 3 60 t | V 3 − 8 |= e 20 + C '' . V = 8 − 7e 20 V 1 3 t 8 20ln( ) or 2.(iv) Method 1(Recommended) f( x) = f −1( x) ⇒ f( x) = x ax ⇒ =x x + a2 ⇒ x 2 + a 2 x − ax = 0 ⇒ ⇒ x( x + a 2 − a ) = 0 x = 0 or x = a − a 2 .67 7 t 3 .

Andy’s model is more appropriate than Bob’s model. V = t4 − t2 + C 1 1 = (t 2 − ) 2 + (C − ) 2 4 V C (I)C > 1 4 1 4 C (II)C ≤ t (iii) 1 When t = 0. 4 Therefore given the above initial condition. the volume of water approaches infinity in the long run (not realistic) whereas in Andy’s model. Therefore in Bob’s model. 4 . Thus.3o. the volume of water reasonably diminishes to zero in the long run/after some time. 4(i)  2  1      4   3 1   1  n1 n1 15    cos θ = = = | n1 || n 2 | 21 11 21 11 ∴θ = 9. then C2 = 1 > . ∴ C1 = 0 dt dV ⇒ = 4t 3 − 2t dt ⇒ V = t 4 − t 2 + C . Bob’s model corresponds to solution curve type (I) in part (ii). V = 1. C is a constant. = 0.(ii) d 2V = 12t 2 − 2 2 dt dV ⇒ = 4t 3 − 2t + C1 dt dV When t = 0.

α= ∈ 2 0  2      (iii) Since the point with co-ordinates (6. 2 2 −1 1    t     ∴ l1: r =  3  + α  −1 .(ii) 1    d = n1 × n 2 =  −1 2    Set z=0. 7   −1     1   2     d1 d 2 =  −1  0  = 2 − 2 = 0 (independent of the value of m)  2   −1    Therefore lines l1 and l2 are perpendicular for all real values of m. ⇒ 2 x + 4 y = 10 − t x + 3y = 8 − t t t ⇒ x = −1 + . 5 . 0  2      Alternative 2 x + 4 y + z = 10 x + 3y + z = 8 Let z = t ∈ .5) lies on the first plane. a d1 = D1 6  2    ⇒  m   4  = 10  5  1     ⇒ 12 + 4m + 5 = 10 7 ⇒m=− . β∈ .m. y = 3− . 2 x + 4 y = 10 x + 3y = 8 ⇒ x = −1. α ∈ . 4 (iv) 2  2      l2 : r = a 2 +β d 2 =  m  + β  0  . y = 3  −1 1      ∴ l1: r = a1 +α d1 =  3  + α  −1 .

(iii) 420 × 80 = 14 2400 x 6(i) t From GC. when the parents arrive at school in the morning with their children. 6 . until the number for each category is filled. Poll respondents on a first-come-first-serve basis. i.SECTION B 5(i) To obtain a quota sample of size 80: Identify and categorise the parents into mutually exclusive sub-groups according to education levels.930 > |r|= 0. thus model may not be valid and estimate not likely to be reliable. r = −0.9 5. Set a quota. regression line x = −37.56 = 78. b = 261 260. (ii) Stratified sampling is more representative in terms of the proportion of parents’ educational qualifications in each category. a = −37. a target number of respondents for each group where the total adds up to 80.56 t ( 3 sig fig ) 1 is a better fit with |r |= 0.6 .860 (ii) From GC. (iii) x = −37.e.612 + 260.860 for the linear t Suggested model between x and model between x and t.612 + ie. say.0 t = 5 lies outside the data range of t .

P(T J ) = 0.6)(0.875 7 .6 0.12 P(T ∪ J ) ' (ii) = 1 − P(T ∪ J ) = 1 − [ P (T ) + P( J ) − P(T ∩ J )] = 1 − ( 0.4) (0.6 P(T ∩ J ) = 0.128 = 0. Required Probability = = P ( J 3 ∩ J1 ) + P ( J 3 ∩ J 2 ) P ( J 3 ∩ J 1 ) + P ( J 3 ∩ J 2 ) + P ( J1 ∩ J 2 ) (0.064 = 0.6 0.4 0.48 = 0.4 0.6 P( J ) P(T ∩ J ) = 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.4 + 0.7(i) Let J be the event where Mylo wears a jacket and T be the event where Mylo wears a tie.8)(0.2 = 0.8 J' 0.2 J' J 0.6)(0.4) + (0.8 J' 0.2)(0.12 ) = 1 − 0.4) + (0.8)(0.2)(0.2)(0.6 J' J 0.2 − 0.2)(0.112 = 0.52 (iii) 0.4 J' J J 0.4)(0.8 J J 0.2)(0.016 0.2 P(T ∩ J ) = 0.2) 0.8 J' Wed Mon Tue Let J n be the nth day where Mylo wears a jacket.4) + (0.048 + 0.064 + 0.048 + 0.2 J' J 0.6 × 0.

8(i) (a) (b) Number of ways = 10!(5) = 18144000 S S S S S S Number of ways = ( 6!)( 5!)( 3) = 259200 (ii) (a) (ii) (b) or =(5!)6 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 3 ⋅ (3!) = 259200 Number of ways = ( 4!)( 5!) = 2880 Case One: 8 Questions (4M and 4S) between B and K B K 4! 5   ( 4!)  4 Case Two: 8 Questions (3M and 5S) between B and K B K  4   ( 3!)  3 5! Case Three: 9 Questions between B and K B 4! 5! K Pure Mathematics Questions Statistics Questions Number of ways  4 5 =   ( 3!)( 5!) +   ( 4!)( 4!) + ( 5!)( 4!)  3  4 = 2880 + 2880 + 2880 = 8640 8 .

(iv) 9 . (iii) (a) The IQ score of customers is normally distributed.0342 Since p-value =0. T = ~ t (11).05.05) Use t-test since σ2 is unknown and sample size of 12 is small X − 115 under H0. Let X be the number of unsolicited text messages received in a day.0342< 0.05. p-value = 0. p-value =2(0.42/12 From GC.125 (3 s. W B (10.) Let Y be the number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in a week. 10 (i) (ii) (b) For 2-tailed test.f.) 11  12  To test H0: µ = 115 against H1: µ < 115 s2 = (ii) One-tail test at 5% level (α = 0. 345.816 (3 s.) Let T be the total number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in the next 2 weeks.) Unbiased estimate of population variance: 1 50 2  4008 −   = 345.16667 + 100 = 104.0944 (3 s. X Po 5 7 P( X = 2) = 0.f.17 104 (3 s. 0.0684 > 0.9(i) Let ∴ u = x − 100 ∑ u = 50 .184 ) P(W > 3) = 1 − P(W ≤ 3) = 0.f . The conclusion would be different.f. hence the manufacturer’s claim is disputable.42 345 (3 s. ∑ u 2 = 4008 Unbiased estimate of population mean: x = u + 100 = 4. there is sufficient evidence to reject H0 at the 5% level of significance and conclude that the mean IQ score is less than 115. Y Po ( 8 ) ( ) (iii) P(Y ≤ 10) = 0.f .) (shown) Let W be the number of weeks where receives more than 10 unsolicited text messages or phone calls in a week out of 10 weeks. H0 will not be rejected.0324) =0.

the sample mean follows a normal distribution approximately when n is large.  452   approximately.c.4 P( Z > 3− 2 ) = 0.191 (3 s.) Since λ =16>10.3. by Central Limit Theorem.94712 X1 + X 2 b(i) N (8.4 2σ From GC. X N  120.25335 2σ σ = 2. ∴ T P(T ≥ 20) = P(T > 19.611 (3 s.  60    P( X − 120 < 5) = P( −5 < X − 120 < 5) = P(115 < X < 125) = 0.345 (3 s. 10 .16) approximately. 2σ 2 ) P(Y − X > 3) = 0. E( X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ) = 60 ×120 = 7200 Var( X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ) = 60 × 452 = 90 15 ( ) 2 Since n=60 is large.f.) Let X min be the amount of time spent by a student online each day.) We do not need to assume that the amount of time spent online follows a normal distribution since by the Central Limit Theorem.717 (3 s.f. (apply c.) 11 (a) Y−X N(2.) Since n=60 is large.79102 = 3.   ( ) P(X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ≥ 7000) (ii) = 0. by Central Limit Theorem. 2  X1 + X 2 L + X 60 N  7200.T Po (16 ) N(16.5) = 0.f. 1 = 0.f.7910 Var( X1 + X 2 ) = 2 × 2. 90 15  approximately.94712 ) P(8 < X1 + X 2 < 12) = 0.

1

Solve the inequality x 4 ≤ , x − 2 ( x − 2)2 giving your answer in an exact form. Hence solve [3] [2]

ex 4 ≤ x . x e + 2 (e + 2) 2

2

The sequence of numbers un , where n = 0, 1, 2, 3, …, is such that u0 = −2 and (n + 2)un −1 un = . 2un −1 + n + 1
Proof by induction that, for n ≥ 0,
un = n+2 . 2n − 1 [5]

3

The functions f and g are defined as follows: 2 f : x a (2 x − 1) − 2, x < −1 ,

g : x a ln ( x + a ) ,
(a) (b) (c)
Define f −1 in a similar form.

x > −1 . [3] [1]

State the value of a such that the range of g is (0, ∞) .

Show that the composite function gf exists, and find the range of gf, giving your answer in terms of a. [2]

4

A curve is defined by the parametric equations t t x= , y= , where t ≠ −1, 1. 2 1+ t 1− t2

(i)

Show that the tangent to the curve at any point with parameter t has equation

(1 − t )
(ii)

2 3

y = (1 + t 2 ) x − 4t 3 .

3

[3]

Find the gradient of the tangent to the curve at t =

1 . Hence determine the 2 acute angle between this tangent and the line y = x + 3 . [3]

2

[Turn Over

5

Robert took a study loan of \$100 000 from a bank on 1st January 2010. The bank charges an annual interest rate of 10% on the outstanding loan at the end of each year. After his graduation, Robert pays the bank \$x at the beginning of each month. The first payment is made on 1st January 2014. Let un denote the amount owed by Robert at the end of nth year after 2013, where n ∈
+
0

. [1]

(i) (ii)

Find u0 .

Show that un = 1.1n u0 − kx(1.1n − 1) , where k is a constant to be determined. [4]

(iii) Given that Robert owes the bank less than \$1000 at the end of 2020, find the minimum value of x, giving your answer to the nearest dollar. [3]

6

(a) (b)

Find

1 dt . 3 − 4t 2

[3]

Use the substitution u = 5 x to find ∫ 5 x cos 2 ( 5 x ) dx .

[5]

7

It is given that the function y = f ( x ) has the Maclaurin’s series 1 + 4 x + ax 2 + ... and satisfies 1 + x 2

(

) dy = b (1 + y ) , where a and b are real constants. dx
2

(i) (ii)

Show that b = 2 and find the value of a. Find the series expansion of including the term in x 2 .

[4]

f( x) in ascending powers of x, up to and 4+ x [3] f( x) at x = 0. 4+ x

(iii) State the equation of the normal to the curve y =

[1]

3

[Turn Over

8

(i)

Express

4−r A B C in the form + + . (r − 1)r (r + 2) r −1 r r + 2

[2]

(ii)

Hence find

∑ (r − 1)r (r + 2)
r =2

n

4−r

.

[3] [2] [2]

Give a reason why the series is convergent, and state its limit.

∑ r (r + 1)(r + 3) .
r =2

n

3− r

9

On a single Argand diagram, sketch the loci given by

(i) (ii)

z −1− i ≥ 2 ,

2

 z +1  π arg  ≥ ,  3 + i  12 (iii) z > z − 1 .
Hence, or otherwise, find the range of values of z − i and arg ( z − i).

[7] [3]

10

A file is downloaded at r kilobytes per second from the internet via a broadband connection. The rate of change of r is proportional to the difference between r and a constant. The initial value of r is 348. If r is 43, it remains at this constant value.

(i)

Show that

dr = k (r − 43) . dt

[2]

(ii)

Hence obtain an expression for r in terms of k and t.

[4]

The total amount of data downloaded, I kilobytes, in time t seconds, is given by dI =r . dt

(iii) Given that there is no data downloaded initially, find I in terms of k and t. [2] (iv) It is given that a file with a size of 5700 kilobytes takes 90 seconds to download. Find the value of k . [2] (v)
Explain what happens to the value of r in the long run. [1]

4

[Turn Over

β ∈ . 6 0 0         4 (i) (ii) Write down the distance of A from O. where α . and Jenny’s partition. [3] [3] (iii) Marcus wishes to repaint the inner wall ABD. with a horizontal base OAB and vertical wall OADC. [1] Find the vector equation of the intersection line of the two walls BCD and ABD. State the relationship between Jenny’s and Marcus’ partitions. This partition can be described by the equation 2 x − 7 y + α z = β . j. Suppose Marcus wishes to divide the structure into two by adding a partition such that it intersects with the walls BCD and ABD at a line. Jenny. Perpendicular unit vectors i. where γ ≠ β . where λ . The walls of the museum BCD and ABD can be described respectively by the equations  −1  14  5  −1          r ⋅  −5  = 36 and r =  0  + λ  4  + µ  0  . ABD. (v) [2] Another designer. µ ∈ . wishes to construct another partition which is described by the equation 2 x − 7 y + α z = γ . k are such that i and k are parallel to OA and OC respectively. [1] Deduce the number of intersection point(s) between the walls BCD. [1] 5 [Turn Over . (iv) Find the values of α and β . Find the area of this wall.D 11 C j k O i A B The diagram above shows part of the structure of a modern art museum designed by Marcus.

where x +1 [1] (a) State a sequence of transformations which transforms the graph of x 2 + y 2 = 1 to the graph of C1 . respectively. [6] Show algebraically that the x-coordinates of the points of intersection of C1 and C2 satisfy the equation (ii) ( x + 1) ( x − 2 ) (iii) 2 2 = a 2 ( x + 1) 2 − a 2 ( x 2 − 4) 2 . 6 [Turn Over .12 The curves C1 and C2 have equations ( x − 2)2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 ) and y = 1 < a < 2. [2] [1] Deduce the number of real roots of the equation in part (ii). [3] (b) (i) Sketch C1 and C2 on the same diagram. stating the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes and the equations of any asymptotes. x2 − 4 . Describe the geometrical shape of C1.

2n − 1 2. x ≠ 2 2 For ex 4 ≤ x x e + 2 (e + 2) 2 Replace x by −e x . ( x − 2)2 is always positive for all real values of x. LHS of P(k+1) = uk +1 = (k + 3)uk 2uk + k + 2 ( k + 3)( k + 2 ) 2k − 1  k +2  2 +k +2  2k − 1   (k + 3)(k + 2)  =    (2k + 1)(k + 2)  k +3 = = RHS of P(k+1) 2k + 1 = 7 [Turn Over . 2k − 1 + ∪ {0} Show that P(k+1) is true k +3 i. Assume P(k) is true for some k ∈ i.Qtn 1. . Let P(n) be the proposition un = When n = 0. LHS of P(0) = u0 = −2 (given) 2 RHS of P(0) = = −2 −1 ∴ P(0) is true.e.e. 2k + 1 When n = k + 1. uk = k+2 . ⇒ 1 − 5 ≤ −e x ≤ 1 + 5 ⇒ x ≤ ln ( 5 −1 ) n+2 . uk +1 = . Solutions x 4 − ≤0 x − 2 ( x − 2) 2 ( x − 1) − 5 ≤ 0 x2 − 2x − 4 ⇒ ≤0⇒ 2 ( x − 2) ( x − 2) 2 ⇒ ( x − 1) 2 − 5 ≤ 0. ⇒ 1− 5 ≤ x ≤ 1+ 5 .

f g → → ( −∞. gf exists. hence by mathematical induction P(n) is true for all n ∈ + ∪ {0} .Since P(0) is true & P(k) is true ⇒ P(k + 1) is also true. ∞ )  ( ln ( 7 + a ) . Since Rf ⊆ Dg . Dg = (− 1. ∞ ) Df 4(i) Rf Rgf dx 1− t2 = dt (1 + t 2 )2 dy 1+ t2 = dt (1 − t 2 )2 8 [Turn Over . −1)  ( 7. 3 y = f ( x) 7 -1 x = −a y = g ( x) x 1− a (a) y = (2 x − 1) − 2 2 ± y + 2 = 2x − 1 1 1 − y + 2 Q x < −1 2 2 1 1 ∴ f −1 : x a − x + 2. ∞ ) . ∞ ) . x>7 2 2 a=2 x= (b) (c) Rf = (7.

= 27 2 dx Let α be the acute angle between the two lines. tan B = 1 A = tan −1 27 = 87.1[1.9° 28 α = tan −1 5(i) (ii) u0 = \$1.9° Alternative Solution tan α = 27 − 1 26 = 1 + ( 27 )(1) 28 26 = 42.1(u0 − 12 x) − 12 x ] = 1.12 u0 − 1.14 (100 000) = \$146 410 u1 = 1. α B A Note: α = A .879° B = tan −1 (1) = 45° α = A − B = 42.1(u0 − 12 x) u2 = 1.B tan A = 27 .1(12 x) 9 [Turn Over .dy  1 + t 2  =  dx  1 − t 2  Equation of tangent: 3  1+ t2   t t  y− = x− 2 2   2  1− t  1− t   1+ t  3 (1 − t ) (ii) 2 3 y = (1 + t 2 ) x − t (1 + t 2 ) + t (1 − t 2 ) = (1 + t 2 ) x − 4t 3 3 3 2 2 When t = 1 dy .12 (12 x) − 1.

..30 Least x to the nearest dollar = \$2271 1 dt 3 − 4t 2 1 1 dt =− 4 t2 − 3 4 1 1 =− dt 2 4  3 t2 −    2  6(a) ∫ ∫ ∫  t−  1 1 =−  ln 4 3 t+   =− (b) 3 2 3 2    +C    3 2t − 3 ln + C 12 2t + 3 u = 5x du = 5 x ln 5 dx dx 1 1 ∴ = x = du 5 ln 5 u ln 5 10 [Turn Over .1n − 1)   = 1.1n u0 − 12 x (1.1)  1.1 (12 x) − 1..12 (12 x) − 1.1n −1 + .1(12 x) = 1.12 u0 − 1.17 u0 − 132 x(1.1 u0 − 1.13 (12 x) − 1.u3 = 1.12 (12 x) − 1.13 u0 − 1.1 (12 x) − .1   n = 1.1n + 1. − 1. + 1.1n u0 − 132 x (1.1 1.17 − 1) < 1000 x > \$2270.1(12 x) − 12 x    = 1.1n − 1) (iii) n = 7 at end of 2020 1.1(1.1(12 x) : : n n n −1 un = 1..1 u0 − 12 x    0.

)(1 + (− )( ) + 2 2 2 4 2! 4 1 3 2 x = (1 + 4 x + 8 x 2 + ....) 2 8 128 1 31 963 2 = (1 + x + x + .....)(1 − + x + ...∫ 5 x cos 2 (5 x ) dx 1 du u ln 5 = ∫ u cos 2 u ⋅ = 1 2 ∫ cos u du ln 5 1 = (1 + cos 2u ) du 2 ln 5 ∫ 1  sin 2u  = u + 2  + C 2 ln 5   = 7i 1  x sin 2(5 x )  5 + +C 2 ln 5  2  dy = 4... 2 (1 + x ) dy = b (1 + y ) dx dy = b(2) = 4 dx ⇒ b = 2 (Shown) ⇒ (1 + x ) 2 d2 y dy  dy  + 2x = 2 2y  2 dx dx  dx  d2 y = 16 dx 2 16 =8 a= 2! ii f( x)(4 + x) = − 1 2 1 x −1 (1 + 4 x + 8 x 2 + .) 2 8 128 16 Gradient of normal = − 31 Equation of normal: 11 [Turn Over .) = (1 + 4 x + 8 x + ..)(1 + ) 2 2 4 iii 1 3 (− )(− ) 1 1 x 2 2 ( x )2 + . dx 2 When x = 0. y = 1.

B = −2. hence the series in (ii) converges.y= 8(i) 1 16 − x 2 31 (ii) 4−r A B C = + + (r − 1)r (r + 2) r − 1 r r + 2 4 − r = Ar (r + 2) + B (r − 1)(r + 2) + C (r − 1)r A = 1. C = 1 n 4−r ∑ (r − 1)r (r + 2) r =2 1 2 1 − + r r+2 r =2 r − 1 1 = 1 −1 + 4 1 2 1 + − + 2 3 5 1 2 1 + − + 3 4 6 1 2 1 + − + 4 5 7 M + =∑ 1 2 1 − + n − 4 n − 3 n −1 1 2 1 + − + n−3 n−2 n 1 2 1 + − + n − 2 n −1 n + 1 1 2 1 + − + n −1 n n + 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 = − + + + − + 2 3 3 n n +1 n n + 2 1 1 1 1 = − + + 6 n n +1 n + 2 1 1   1 lim  − + +  = 0 . n →∞  n n +1 n + 2  + n (iii) ∑ (r − 1)r (r + 2) = 6 r =2 ∞ 4−r 1 12 [Turn Over .

+ + (2)(3)(5) (n − 1)(n)(n + 2) n(n + 1)(n + 3) n +1 4−r 2 =∑ − (1)(2)(4) r = 2 ( r − 1) r ( r + 2) 1 1 1 1 1 = − + + − 6 n + 1 n + 2 n + 3 12 1 1 1 1 =− − + + 12 n + 1 n + 2 n + 3 = 9. y Q P (1.(iv) ∑ r (r + 1)(r + 3) r =2 n 3− r 1 3 − (n − 1) 3− n + . so PQ = 2 (radius) ⇒ z −i > 2 π 10(i) 4 2 Let the constant be a. dt ≤ arg ( z − i ) < π 13 [Turn Over . PQ = + = 2 4 2 4 4 Method 2: QR is the perpendicular bisector. where k is a constant.. dr ∴ = k (r − a ) ..1) 1 R x -1 O 1 z −1 − i 2 ≥ 2 ⇒ z − (1 + i) ≥ 2  z +1  π arg  ≥  3 + i  12 ⇒ arg( z + 1) ≥ π 12 + π 6 = π 4 Method 1: QR = 2 − 1 7 7 1 = .

167 or k = 0 (NA) (iv) (v) r = 43 + 305e 1 − t 6 1 − t If t becomes larger. r → 43 Hence r would be reduced to a steady 43 kilobytes per second in the long run. 11i OA = 14 14 [Turn Over . I = 0 . k = − 0. ∴ r = 43 + 305e kt (iii) I = ∫ r dt = ∫ (43 + 305e kt ) dt 305 kt e + C2 k When t = 0 . r = 348 . 305e 6 → 0 . 305 90 k ∴ 5700 = 43(90) + (e − 1) k 305 90 k 1830 = (e − 1) k 6k = e90 k − 1 = 43t + Solving using GC. dt (ii) Since k ≠ 0. ∴ A = 305 . then a = 43 dr ∴ = k (r − 43) (shown) dt 1 ∫ r − 43 dr = k ∫ dt ln r − 43 = kt + C1 r − 43 = ekt + C1 r = 43 + Ae kt where A = eC1 When t = 0 . 305 ∴ C2 = − k 305 kt ∴ I = 43t + (e − 1) k Given I = 5700 and t = 90 .Given r = 43 when ∴ 0 = k (43 − a ) dr =0.

 −5  = 36  6 4µ    −14 − 5λ + µ − 20λ + 24 µ = 36 25µ = 25λ + 50 µ =λ+2  14  5  −1        r =  0  + λ  4  + (λ + 2)  0  0 0       4 12   4     =  0  + λ  4 8  4     12   1     =  0  + γ  1 . γ ∈ 8  1     15 [Turn Over .ii Plane ABD  5   −1  16         4  ×  0  =  −20  0  4   4         4  14   4       r.  −5  = 56 %     1 01  4 x − 5 y + z = 56 ⇒ − x − 5 y + 6 z = 36 Using GC to solve: 4 1     ∴ r =  −8  + γ  1  . γ ∈ %     0 1 OR 14 + 5λ − µ   −1     4λ   .  −5  =  0  .

γ ∈ %    1 0    2  1     −7  .8 (3 s. α = 5 OR The 3 planes intersect at the line  4  1     r =  −8  + γ  1  .iii  4+γ  12  uuuv  uuuv    OD =  −8 + γ  ⇒ γ = 8 ⇒ OD =  0   γ  8     (Reason: j is zero.  1  = 0  α  1    2 − 7 +α = 0 α =5 16 [Turn Over .f.) 2(4) − 7(−8) + α (0) = β 2(12) − 7(0) + 8α = β ⇒ β = 64.) % 4 uuu   v OB =  −8  0   12  14   −2  uuuv       AD =  0  −  0  =  0  8 0  8       12   4   8  uuu       v BD =  0  −  −8  =  8   8   0  8       Area ABD = v 1 uuu uuuv BD × AD 2  8   −2  1   −1  4 1          =  8  ×  0  = 8  1  ×  0  = 8  −5  2    1  4    8  8      1 iv = 8 42 = 51.

Method 2: Sequence of transformations: 1) Translate in the positive x-direction by 2) Scale // to x-axis by factor a. Ellipse ( x − 2)2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 ) ⇒ 12 (a) ( x − 2) 2 + y2 = 1 2 a Method 1: Sequence of transformations: 1) Scale // to x-axis by factor a. 2 units. There is no intersection point. 4 2     −8  .  −7  = 8 + 56 = 64 0 5    β = 64 v Their partitions are parallel to each other. a 17 [Turn Over . 2) Translate in the positive x-direction by 2 units.

number of intersection points between C1 and C2 gives the number of real roots of the equation (*). there are 2 points of intersection between C1 and C2 .(*) (shown) Hence the x-coordinate of the points of intersection of C1 and C2 satisfy equation (*).(bi) x +1 x 2 x −1 −4 −x−4 − (− x − 1) −3 x = −1 y −( x 2 + x) y = x −1 x −2 2−a −4 2 2+a ( x − 2) 2 + y2 = 1 a2 y= x2 − 4 x +1 (bii) Sub y = x2 − 4 into ( x − 2)2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 ) : x +1   x 2 − 4 2  2 2  ( x − 2) = a 1 −    x +1      2 2 2 ⇒ ( x + 1) ( x − 2) 2 = a 2 ( x + 1) − a 2 ( x 2 − 4 ) --. Hence 2 real roots. From the graphs. 18 [Turn Over . (b) (iii) From (ii).

2(i) (ii) z 5 − 32 = 0 ⇒ z 5 = 32 ei0 = 32ei2k π ⇒ z = 2e 2 kπ i 5 where k = 0. 1   2 +  = 32 w  2 kπ i 1 ⇒ 2 + = z = 2e 5 w 2 kπ i 2 kπ i 1 ⇒ = 2e 5 − 2 = 2 e 5 − 1 w 1 1 1 1 ⇒ + + + w1 w2 w3 w4 5 ( ) 5 = 2 e   ( 2π i 5 −1 + e )( −2 π i 5 −1 + e )( 4π i −1 + e )( −4π i 5 −1    ) 1 . y= When x = 3 3 (or x = 6. Hence the equation has only four roots.3). ± 1.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions 2010 HCI H2 Mathematics Preliminary Examination Paper 2 Solution Qn Solutions 1 Surface area of the tin and lid = 2π x 2 + 2π xy + 10π x = 400π y= 200 − x 2 − 5 x x Volume of the container  200 − x 2 − 5 x  = π x2   x   = π ( 200 x − x3 − 5 x 2 ) dV = π ( 200 − 3 x 2 − 10 x ) dx dV 20 or x = −10 (rejected) =0⇒ x= dx 3 d 2V 20 = π ( −6 x − 10 ) < 0 when x = 2 dx 3 20 V is maximum when x = . ± 2.67. y = 18. 3 20 55 . 5  2w + 1  5 The highest power in the equation   = 32 is four since the terms with w are  w  canceled out.

a = −5 . + + + w1 w2 w3 w4 S n = an 2 + bn + c U1 = S1 = a + b + c = 100 S 2 = 4a + 2b + c = 190 S10 = 100a + 10b + c = 360 + 100 + 90 = 550 Using GC. 3 1 1 1 1 = −10. 5 5   Or use GC.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions 2π 4π   = 2  2 cos + 2 cos − 4 5 5   2π 4π   = 4 cos + cos − 2 ∈ . b = 105 . 0  1  1 − µ  uuuv  2  + (1 − µ )  0  =  2 µ  OX = µ        −t   0   −t µ        0  0 0  uuu v       OY = µ  0  + (1 − µ )  2  =  2 − 2 µ  t         −t   −t + 2t µ  0  1 − µ   µ − 1   uuu  v      XY =  2 − 2 µ  −  2 µ  =  2 − 4 µ   −t + 2t µ   −t µ   −t + 3t µ        OR  −1  uuu   r AB =  2   −t     0 uuu   r BC =  −2   2t    2 . c = 0 Thus S n = −5n 2 + 105n U n = Sn − Sn−1 = −5n 2 + 105n − −5 ( n − 1) + 105 ( n − 1) = 110 − 10n U n − U n −1 ( 2 ) 4i = 110 − 10n − (110 − 10n + 10 ) = −10 (a constant) Hence sequence is an AP.

iii ii 0  1 − µ   uuuv uuu  v   OX OY =  2 µ   2 − 2 µ   −t µ   −t + 2t µ     2 2 = µ(4 – 4µ + t – 2µt ) =0 4 + t2 1 1 ⇒ µ = 0 (reject) or µ = = + 2 2 4 + 2t 2 t + 2 For all t ∈»\{0}.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions  −1   µ − 1  uuu r     XB = (1 − µ )  2  =  2 − 2 µ   −t   t µ − t       0  0  uuu r     BY = µ  −2  =  −2 µ   2t   2t µ       µ −1   0   µ −1  uuu uuu uuu  r r r      XY = XB + BY =  2 − 2 µ  +  −2 µ  =  2 − 4 µ   t µ − t   2t µ   3t µ − t        Suppose O. 3 . 0 < µ < 1. X. X. Thus ∠XOY can be 90° when t ≠ 0 . Y are not collinear. Y are collinear. Then uuu uuuv v OX = kOY 0  1 − µ    2µ  = k  2 − 2µ       −t µ   −t + 2t µ      1 − µ = 0 ⇒ µ = 1 (Out of range) Thus O.

2 4 . When x = 2 .  1  .  1       −t + 3t µ   0   0     = 17  4 4µ − 4 + 2 − 4µ   = 1 17 0   4 2  = − 1 17   0 5(i) ( x − 6) + ( y + 2) 2 2 = x+3 2 ( y + 2) (ii) 2 = ( x + 3) − ( x − 6 ) = 9 ( 2 x − 3) 2 (iii) For the equation ( y + 2 ) = 9 ( 2 x − 3) .HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions iv  µ −1  uuu  v XY =  2 − 4 µ    −t + 3t µ    projection vector  µ −1   4   4   2 − 4µ  . y = 1 .

The number of seats from each class would be proportional to the size of each stratum. of cylinder – (vol. OR 5 . x = 6 .) Use random sampling method to select a sample from each class. Method 1: Using ∫ x dy ( y + 2) 2 = 9 ( 2 x − 3) 2 2  ( y + 2)  3 ( y + 2) 1 = 3+ x= +  2 18 2 9   1 R= 2   d y − 2(6)  1  7 1  ( y + 2)3    =  3 y + − 12  2 27  1     1  =  ( 21 + 27 ) − ( 3 + 1)  − 12   2  2 = 10 units ∫ 7 2  ( y + 2) 3+  9  Method 2: Using ∫ y dx [ y = −2 − 3 2 x − 3 N.] ( y + 2) 2 = 9 ( 2 x − 3) y = −2 + 3 2 x − 3 6 R = 4(7) − ∫ ( −2 + 3 2 2 x − 3 dx ) 3 6      =  28 −  −2 x + (2 x − 3) 2     2    = { 28 – [(–12 + 27) – (–4 + 1)]} = 10 units2 (iv) 6 Volume required = vol. ∫( ) First Class Business Class Economy Class Any 1 of the answers below: 4 16 60 Some passengers have booked a flight ticket but did not turn up or changed flight so some of the seats in the sample may not have a passenger.A.f.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions When y = 7 . generated by curve from y = –2 to y = 1) 6 2   = π (7) 2 (4) − π −2 + 3 2 x − 3 dx  2   = 196π – 92π = 327 unit3 (3 s.

Y. of ways with B. so the passengers from the first class may not be chosen at all using the simple random sampling method. 7(i) No. B.01265 < 0.01265 < 0. of ways with B. at 5% level of significance. 6 . R in 4th row 4! 6! 4! 6! = × + × = 3240 2! 2!2! 2! 2!2!2! Case 2: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the third row. of ways = 3240 + 1890 – – 3! 2! 2! 2! 2! 2! = 5130 – 108 – 216 = 4806 No. of ways = no.05. No. of ways = × = 1890 2 2!2!2! 3! 3! 4! 3! 4! Total no. It is not appropriate to use simple random sampling as passengers from different classes may have different opinions on the service. we reject H 0 and conclude that there is sufficient evidence. 10 2 ( ∑ ( x − 9000) )  = 507147 1 2  s 2 =  ∑ ( x − 9000 ) − 9 10 9    H0 : µ = 9000 H1 : µ > 9000 x − 9000 ~ t (9) 507147 9 × 10 p–value = 0. 3! 7! No. The number of passengers in the first class is very small. of ways = 10! = 12600 4!3!2! 7(ii) Case 1: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the 4th row with the 4th tile being red or green.05 Test Stat: = 7(iii) 7 last part 8(i) Since the p –value = 0. Y. that the mean life span of the electronic component has increased.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions The flight is not fully booked so the chosen seat could be empty. B. of ways such that less than 3 yellow tiles are in the fourth row 7! = 12600 − 4C3 =12600 − 420 =12180 4!2! No. of ways 6! = × 7C4 = 2100 3!2! 2010 + 10(9000) x= = 9201. G in 4th row + no. OR The passenger may ignore the questionnaire.

34560) P( | A |≤ 9(i) 0.326347877..5). x – 9000 z= Test Statistic = ≥ 2. Y ~ N(µ . 302 ) Since the shaded area is the same. X ~ N(9000. 62. 0. reject H 0 if z ≥ 2. + X20 ) − 0. Assumptions: The standard deviation of the life span remains unchanged after the change in process.03456) P( | T |≤ 0...15) = P( − 0. + X20 – 2(X21 +. + X30) ~ N(0.15 ≤ T ≤ 0.326347877 62. 1).01 At the 1% significance level.. 10 X – 9000 ~ N(0..326347877) = 0. Under H0..5 Level of significance = 1% P(Z > 2. denoting the mass of a randomly chosen apple from Mark's orchard.580 OR A = X1 +.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions 8(ii) H0: µ = 9000 vs H1: µ > 9000 252 ) = N(9000. 62.001 = 0.580 Let Y be the r. + X30 ) ~ N(0. 9 First part X ~ N(190. 576) T = 0.391395 = 9020.15 ) = P( − 150 ≤ A ≤ 150) 0. using the symmetric property of the normal curve. µ = 110 9(ii) Probability that Mark will get an apple graded as 'large' chosen at random = P (Y > 150) = 7 ...5 x ≥ 9018.001(2)( X21 + .001( X1 + .v.15) = 0.

2 × 450 = 0.434 1000 C3 Alternative method: Required Probability = = 0. 10(b) (i) No. denoting the number of apples graded as large out of 65 randomly chosen apples. 0.05 (120 ) =6 P(exactly one immigrant voter supporting Party C or exactly one female voter supporting Party A (or both)) = P ( exactly 1 immigrant voted for C ) + P ( exactly 1 female voted for A ) − P ( both ) 6 = C1 994C2 + 250C1 750C2 − 250C1 6C1 744C1 = 0.05 (120 ) = 225 P ( A) = P(voter supports Party A given voter is an immigrant) = 0. P ( A M ) = ≠ P ( A) 20 2 A and M are not independent.4 225 (ii) Number of immigrants supporting Party C = 0.v.3 (130 + 300 ) + 0. of immigrants in the sample = 0.09121128) P ( A ≥ 5) = 1 − P ( A ≤ 4) = 0.718 10(a) (i) P(A M ) = 200 1 = 400 2 250 + 300 11 (ii) P(M ' ∩ C ') = = 1000 20 9 1 .09121128 Let A be the r.2 ( 200 + 250 ) + 0. A ~ B(65.434 6 994 993 250 750 749 6 250 744 ×3+ ×3− × 3! 1000 999 998 1000 999 998 1000 999 998 8 .HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions 0.

hence Y ~ N (32. which is 70. denoting the number of successful cases out of the n people in a support group.c P (25 < Y ≤ 40)  P (25. Y ~ Po(32. 32. OR P ( S ≥ 4) > 0.701 P( X ≤ 9) λ From graph. c. The condition is that the rate of call–ins received by the centre is constant throughout a month / the call–in occurs randomly / The call–ins occur in a month are independent of one another 11(ii) Let Y be the r.5) approximately.7 9 . 4 We are looking for the λ such that P(X ≤ 9) = 0.v.    ) approximately.v.5) = 0. 20 70 EITHER n P( S ≥ 4) 27 0. denoting the number of call–ins in a week.v. ) 3 S ~ B ( n. therefore by applying CLT. is large.5) Since the mean is bigger than 10. 3   3  n   1 −  3 20 20  S ~ N ( n. the value of λ = 32. denoting the number of call–ins in a week.fig).5 (to 3 sig.5.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions 11(i) λ  Let X be the r. Hence X ~ Po   .812 Hence minimum value of n is 28. ) 20 Since the number of groups concerned.5 < Y < 40.589 28 0.810 → 11(iii Let S be the r.

1275n 70 4 − 0.45 Least n = 28.5244 0. 12(ii) The suitable regression line is the regression x on y: x = 0.15n < −0. 12(i) 0.1275n 70 4 − 0. as it is an outlier based on the scatter diagram. another location that should be omitted is location H. From the scatter diagram.7 km 12(iii s ) 180 70 y 2 30 10 . indicating that it is an incorrect data entry.5244 n > 5.0899(reject) Location F should be omitted as the road distance cannot be smaller than the straight line distance.23912 n > 27.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions P ( S < 4) < 0. x = 16.3 4 − 0.15n < (−0.3936554 + 0.1275 ) n −4>0 70 or n < −5.5244 0.15n P(Z < ) < 0.0.15n − (0.3 0.1275 ) n 70 0.81702935 y When y = 20.

24427905) ln y . the graph of s = a + b ln y will be more suitable to describe the scatter diagram of s and y.HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions Since the graph of s = a + b ln y is concave downwards whereas the graph of s = a + by 2 is concave upwards. Therefore the estimation using the line in (iv) is reliable. Hence model II is more suitable. the linear correlation is strong between s and ln y. the line found in (iv) is also suitable for the estimation. s = 25.f.2) ln y (to 3 s. Since y is the independent variable. 12(iv ) The appropriate regression line of s on ln y is s = 25. 170 cents is within the data range of the sample. 11 . i. Furthermore.9499647 + (45.992 close to 1.) 12(v) Since r for s and ln y is 0.e.9 + (45.

b = −5. (4) simultaneously. (3). d = 6 un = n3 − 5n 2 + 61n + 6 Hence u50 = ( 50 ) − 5 ( 50 ) + 61 ( 50 ) + 6 = 115556 2 1− x 2 ≤ x −1 . c = 61. Replace x by x . we get: a = 1. to solve 1 − x 2 ≤ x 2 − 1 .Solutions to SAJC H2 Maths PRELIM EXAM 2010 Paper 1 S/N 1 Solutions Let un = an 3 + bn 2 + cn + d u1 = 63 : u2 = 116 : u3 = 171 : u4 = 234 : a (1) + b (1) + c (1) + d = 63 a + b + c + d = 63 − (1) a ( 2 ) + b ( 2 ) + c (2) + d = 116 8a + 4b + 2c + d = 116 − (2) a ( 3) + b ( 3) + c(3) + d = 171 27a + 9b + 3c + d = 171 − (3) a ( 4 ) + b ( 4 ) + c (4) + d = 234 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 64a + 16b + 4c + d = 234 − (4) Using the GC APPL to solve (1). 2 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 1 of 10 . (2). x ≠ 2 − 3x 3 1− x +1− x ≤ 0 2 − 3x 1 − x + (1 − x )(2 − 3 x ) ≤0 2 − 3x (1 − x)(1 + 2 − 3 x ) ≤0 2 − 3x (1 − x)(3 − 3 x ) ≤0 2 − 3x 3(1 − x) 2 ≤0 2 − 3x 3(1 − x ) 2 (2 − 3 x) ≤ 0 3 2 2 3 1 2 3 2 − 3x x> 2 Hence.

to find base area.) 1 3 2 3 =  x2 × h 2 2    8 h = 2 (shown) x Total cost of constructing prism.2 3 2 x2 − > 0 3  2  2 x−  x + >0  3  3    x2 > x<− 2 3 or x> 2 3 3 V = ( Base Area ) × height 1  2 3 =  x 2 sin 60°  × h 2  (Note: some students might use Pythagoras Thm or Trigo. C = 1× ( edges ) + 2 3 ( 2 × triangles ) + 2 ( 3 × rectangles )  1 3  = ( 3h + 6 x ) + 2 3  2  x 2   + 2 ( 3xh )  2 2      1   8     8  3  =  3 2  + 6x  + 2 3  2  x2   + 2  3x  2    2 2   x     x     24 48 = 2 + 6 x + 3x2 + x x 2 −1 = 3 x + 6 x + 48 x + 24 x −2 dC = 6 x + 6 − 48 x −2 − 48 x −3 = 0 dx dC =0 dx 6 x + 6 − 48 x −2 − 48 x −3 = 0 6 x 4 + 6 x 3 − 48 x − 48 = 0 6 x 3 ( x + 1) − 48( x + 1) = 0 (6 x 3 − 48)( x + 1) = 0 6 x 3 = 48 or x = −1( rejected ) x=2 C = 3 ( 2 ) + 6 ( 2 ) + 48 ( 2 ) + 24 ( 2 ) = 12 + 12 + 24 + 6 = 54 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 2 of 10 2 −1 −2 .

2e iπ π i 34 . d 2C −3 −4 = 6 + 96 ( 2 ) + 144 ( 2 ) > 0 2 dx 4(a) w2 = 3 + 4i Let w = x + iy ( x + iy ) 2 = 3 + 4i x 2 + 2 xyi − y 2 = 3 + 4i x 2 − y 2 = 3 ----. 0.(1) 2 xy = 4 ----. 2e . y = ±1 Hence w = ± (2 + i ) 2 2 (b) Let z 4 = −16 z 4 = 16eiπ z 4 = 16ei (π + 2 kπ ) z = 2e 4 1 i (π + 2 k π ) . −1. we get x = ±2 . x = − y + 3 f −1 : x a − x + 3 . x ≥ −3 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 3 of 10 . k = −2. 2e −i π 4 Im(z) z2 2 z1 π 4 Re(z) O z3 z4 5(a) (i) Let y = x 2 − 3 x = ± y+3 Since x ≤ 0 .1 π −i 34 z = 2e 4 .(2) 2 From eq (2): y = x 2 Sub into eq (1): x −   = 3 ⇒ x 4 − 3 x 2 − 4 = 0 x Solving.Minimum cost C is \$54.

0 ≤ x ≤ 1 . SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 4 of 10 . When x = 1.(ii) y = f(x) y 0 x y = f-1f(x) y = f-1(x) (iii) gf −1 ( x ) = g ( − x + 3) = −2 x + 3 + 4 (b)(i) h(16) + h(25) = h(4) + h(1) = (12 – 6) + (12 – 1) = 17 (ii) 12 y 3– -6 0 6 12 x 6(i) −π π ≤t ≤ 2 2 The only axes intercept is at (0. From the graph.0).

∴− (ii) (iii) +1 2 2 x = 1 − cos t . π  y −  + 1 = 1  x − (1)   2  π y − −1 = x −1 2 π y = x+ 2 π π When x = 1. y= π π 2 . y = + 1 or − − 1 (by symmetry) 2 2 One of the points of intersection is the origin. there is another point of intersection when π π m ≥ + 1 or m ≤ − − 1 2 2 π −1 ≤ y ≤ π 7(i) 2x + 4 y − z = 8 x + 2z = 6 From G.25z. x = 1 − cos   = 1 − 0 = 1 . From the graph in part (i). z = z 6   −2    vector equation of l: r =  −1 + λ  1. λ ∈   0  1      x uuur   OF1 =  y  z   (ii) F1 is on π1 ⇒ 2x + 4y – z = 8 --.C. x = 6 – 2z. y = + sin   = + 1 2 2 2 2 2 π  1 + cos   dy  2  = 1+ 0 = 1 = dx 1 π  sin   2 Equation of line l .25  . y = –1 + 1. y=− π 2 −1 .cos ( t ) = 0 ⇒ t = ± When t = π 2 2 + 1 . When t = − π 2 .(1) SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 5 of 10 . y = t + sin t dy dy dt 1 + cos t = × = dx dt dx sin t π π π  π  π When t = .

–1. 0) . (iii)  26   16   5   2  5  8        2  Direction vector of F1 F2 =  9  − 1  =  8  =  20   2   0   2  5 1          5  5   8   −2  18.25  =  −10  =  −8  Vector perpendicular to π3 =    1  1   50  4  40           15   2   15        r ⋅  −8  =  1  ⋅  −8  = 22  40   0   40         15  vector equation of π3 : r ⋅  −8  = 22 (shown)    40    (iv) (6. Perpendicular distance from (6. –1.6  2  uuur     OF1 −  9  = λ  4   −2   −1      x−6 2      --. SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 6 of 10 .(2)  y −9 = λ 4  z + 2      −1  Solving (1) and (2). y = 1 . λ = −2 x = 2.75 225 + 64 + 1600 8(i) Let the height ascended by the athlete and robot after n pulls be An and Rn respectively.75 . 0) is a point on l.1. 0) to the plane π3  6   2    15          −1  −  1   ⋅  −8   0   0    40        = =  15     −8   40     15    m = 1. v =  −8   40     4   15       −2  ⋅  −8   0   40      = 1.75  15        5  20 × 1. z = 0 The foot of the perpendicular is (2.

4 Athlete must reach top by 39th pull. ∴ 2(19) x − 0.595 The minimum value of x is 0. An = Rn when n ≈ 32.p.t.  19 n  0.r. y = 1 ⇒ 1 = e0 + C ⇒ C = 0 Thus y = e tan −1 x (ii) dy e tan x y = = 2 dx 1 + x 1 + x2 dy ⇒ 1 + x2 =y dx Differentiating w. 9(i) dy e tan x = dx 1 + x 2 dy e tan x dx = ∫ dx ∫ dx 1 + x2 ∴ y = e tan −1 −1 −1 x +C −1 When x = 0. A∞ = 16 (Note: An is an increasing sequence.60 (2 d.4 (or tabulate it to get n = 33) The robot will overtake the athlete after 33 pulls. 0.8 1 −    n   20     = 16 1 −  19   An =     1   20     20 Rn = 0. x.02(19) 2 ≥ 16 x ≥ 0.02) ≥ 16 39 x − 0.02n(n − 1) (ii) (iii) Robot will reach the top after 16 = 40 pulls. 2× n [ 2 x + (n − 1)(−0.02(19)(18) + ( x − 19 × 0.) ∴He will never reach the top.). ( ) ( 1 + x2 ) d2 y dy dy + 2x = 2 dx dx dx ⇒ 1 + x2 ( ) dxy + (2 x − 1) dy = 0 dx d 2 2 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 7 of 10 .02)] 2 = 2nx − 0.4n From GC.

. 2 2 x + tan −1 x 2 x tan −1 x e =e e   (2 x) 2 1 1  = 1 + 2 x + + .. x...(iii) ( ( d2 y dy + (2 x − 1) =0 2 dx dx Differentiating w.… Then. 2 10(a) Let P(n) be the statement Proving P(1) LHS = ∑ ( r !× r ) = 1 r =1 1 ∑ ( r !× r ) = ( n + 1)! − 1.. 2 6   3 = 1 − x + x 2 + . y = 1 (given) dy d2 y d3 y = 1. i.. ∑ ( r !× r ) = ( k + 1)! − 1 r =1 k k To prove P(k+1) is true i. 1 + x2 ) ) (iv) (a) d3 y d2 y d2 y dy + 2 x 2 + (2 x − 1) 2 + 2 =0 3 dx dx dx dx d3 y d2 y dy ⇒ 1 + x2 + (4 x − 1) 2 + 2 =0 dx dx 3 dx When x = 0..r. 1 + x + x 2 − x 3 + . ∑ ( r !× r ) = ∑ ( r !× r ) + ( k + 1)!× ( k + 1) r =1 r =1 k +1   = ( k + 1) ! − 1 + ( k + 1) ! × ( k + 1) SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 8 of 10 .e... 2 = 1. for all n ∈ r =1 n + RHS = (1 + 1) !− 1 = 1 ∴ P(1) is true Assuming that P(k) is true for some positive integer k...t.e..  2! 2 6    ( ) = 1 + 3x + 9 2 x + .  1 − 2 x + 3 x 2 + . 3 = −1 dx dx dx Thus Maclaurin series is 1 1 y = 1 + x + x 2 − x3 + L 2 6 tan −1 x −1 e = e tan x (1 + x) −2 2 (1 + x) 1 + x2 ( ) (b) 1 1   = 1 + x + x 2 − x 3 + .

then α < xn < β or xn > γ . L = α . A = 2. 11(a) Using A(sin θ + cos θ) + B(cos θ – sin θ) ≡ 4 sin θ. We have A – B = 4 ----(1) A + B = 0 --.(2) Solving the simultaneous equations. (or any statement to the same effect) the y value at xn is positive (above the x-axis) Hence. and P(k) is true ⇒ P(k + 1)is true by Mathematical Induction. β or γ (iii) xn +1 < xn −1 + 3 5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < xn 3 5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < xn + 1 3 5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < ( xn + 1) xn 3 − 2 xn 2 − 5 xn + 6 > 0 5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < xn 3 + 3xn 2 + 3 xn + 1 By referring to the graph of y = x3 − 2 x 2 − 5 x + 6 . when xn+1 < xn . B = –2 (Ans) ∫ 1 π 4 0 4sin θ dθ sin θ + cos θ Page 9 of 10 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions . Comparing the coefficient of sin θ & cos θ respectively. γ = 3 (by GC) (ii) lim xn +1 = lim xn = L n →∞ n →∞ (or any statement to the same effect) L = −1 + 5 L + 8 L − 5 L + 1 = 3 5 L2 + 8 L − 5 3 2 ( L + 1) 3 = 5 L2 + 8 L − 5 L3 + 3L2 + 3L + 1 = 5 L2 + 8 L − 5 L3 − 2 L2 − 5 L + 6 = 0 As L3 − 2L2 − 5L + 6 = 0 . β = 1.= ( k + 1) ! + ( k + 1) ! × ( k + 1)  − 1   = ( k + 1) !1+ ( k + 1)  − 1   = ( k + 1) !( k + 2 ) − 1 = ( k + 2 ) !− 1 ∴ P(k)true ⇒ P(k + 1)is true ∴ Since P(1) is true. hence L is a root of the equation y = x3 − 2 x 2 − 5 x + 6 Therefore. P(n) is true for all n ∈ + (b)(i) α = −2.

1 π 4 = ∫ 0 2(sin θ + cos θ ) − 2(cos θ − sin θ ) dθ sin θ + cos θ 1 π 4 1 π 4 = ∫ 2 dθ − 2 ∫ 0 0 (cos θ − sin θ ) dθ sin θ + cos θ π π = 2[θ ]04 − 2[ln(sin θ + cos θ )]04 − 2 ln 2) 2 2 (b)(i) 2t A B = + 2 (t + 1) (t + 1) (t + 1)2 Solving. 2 dt 1 1 = = dx 2x −1 t When x =1. t = 3 Hence 5 3 1 1 dx = ∫ 2 (t ) dt ∫ x + 2x −1 t +1 +t 1 1 2 = π − ln 2 (or π ( ) 2 =∫ =∫ 3 2t dt t + 2t + 1 1 2t dt (t + 1) 2 1 3 3 = 2∫ ( 1 1 1 − ) dt from b(i ) t + 1 (t + 1)2 1 3 ]1 t +1 = 2[ln(t + 1) + = 2 ln 2 − 1 2 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 10 of 10 . we have A = 2. t 2 +1 x= . B = –2 (ii) Using substitution t = 2 x − 1 . t = 1 x = 5.

Solutions to SAJC H2 Maths PRELIM EXAM 2010 Paper 2 Qn 1 Solutions (i) uuur Length of projection = AC =  2 uuur   AG ⋅ 1   2   = 2 2 + 1 + 22 1   2       2  ⋅ 1   4  2     22 + 1 + 22 = 2+2+8 = 4 units 3 (ii)  2   2λ  uuur     AC = λ 1  =  λ   2   2λ      uuur AC = 4 uuur uuur 2 AG + 3 AC uur = AI By ratio theorem. 5  2 8       4 +  4 uur  8   8  AI =     5 10  5 1  2  = 8  =  4 5  5  16  8  uuur uuur (iii) Angle between AG and GC uuur uuur −1 AG ⋅ AC sin uuur uuur = AG AC units 4λ 2 + λ 2 + 4λ 2 = 16 4 λ= 3  2 uuur 4   AC = 1  3   2 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 1 of 9 .

02t + C When t = 0.5.02 dx ∴ = 0.02t 95 ⇒ x = 100 − 95e −0.02t SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 2 of 9 .02 (100 − x) dt dx = 0. x = 52.02 (100 − x) dt 1 ⇒ dx = 0.= sin −1 1   2   2  ⋅ 4 1    3   4  2     = 60.7 (iv) x = 100 x = 100 − 95e−0. x = 5 ⇒ y = 95 Initial value of y = 95 ⇒ Half of initial value = 47.8o 1 + 4 + 16 × 4 or 1.02t since x < 100 (iii) When t = 0.5 When y = 47.06 (in radians) 2 (i) x + y = 100 dx dx α (100 − x) ⇒ = k (100 − x) dt dt 1.02 t ⇒ t = 34.02t  95  100 − x = e −0.02 dt 100 − x ⇒ − ln 100 − x = 0.9 = k (100 – 5) ⇒ k = 0.02t − ln(95) ln (100 − x ) − ln(95) = −0. x = 5.5 = 100 − 95e −0. −ln(95) = C (ii) ∫ ∫ So.5 52.02t  100 − x  1n   = −0. − ln 100 − x = 0.

x → 100.As t → ∞. a = 2 cos b = 2 sin π 4 = 2=x = 2 2 (0.y) 1 arg( z + 1 − i ) = 0 Re(z) π 4 -1 0 Let P represent the complex number z = x + iy . y → 0 . 3 (a) 0 ≤ arg( z + 1 − i ) ≤ π 2 and z − i = 2 arg( z + 1 − i ) = π 2 Im(z) P(x.1) a π 4 b π 4 y = 2 +1 ∴z = 2 +i ( 2 +1 ) 3 (b) (i) 3π 3π  π π  w = 2  cos + i sin  cos 6 − i sin 6  4 4    3π 3π Let w1 = cos + i sin 4 4 w2 = cos π 6 − i sin π 6 3 ∴ w = 2 ( w1 )( w2 ) 3 w = 2 w1 w2 = 2(1)(1) = 2 arg( w) = arg 2 ( w1 )( w2 ) 3π  π + 3 −  4  6 ( 3 ) = arg(2) + arg( w1 ) + 3arg( w2 ) = 0+ = π 4 π π  ∴ w = 2  cos + i sin  4 4  SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 3 of 9 . Compound Y will be transformed almost completely to compound X.

y = 0 ⇒ (0. Horizontal asymptote: as x→ ±∞. y → 0 since y is a proper fraction. ( ) ( ) (ii) Axes Intercepts: When x = 0 .0 ) is on the curve. k ∈ 4 kπ 4 kπ   wn = 24k  cos + i sin  4 4   = 24k cos kπ = (−1)k 24k 4 (i) Stationary points: Let dy 8( x 2 + 1) − 8 x (2 x) =0⇒ =0 2 dx x 2 + 1) ( ⇒ − x 2 + 1 = 0 ⇒ x 2 = 1 ⇒ x = ±1 8 8(−1) ⇒y= = 2 or y = =− 2 1+1 (−1) 2 + 1 The stationary points are at 1. 2 and −1.(ii) nπ nπ   wn = 2n  cos + i sin  4 4   Since n = 4k . − 2 . there is a horizontal asymptote at y = 0 (iii) n 2x f ( x ) dx = 2 ⌠ 2 du  ∫0 ⌡0 x + 1 n = 2  ln x 2 + 1   0 n = 2  ln ( n 2 + 1) − ln ( 02 + 1)    = 2 ln ( n 2 + 1) (shown) ∫ f ( x ) dx = 2 ∫ f ( x ) dx = 2   −2 2 0 2 2 ln ( 22 + 1)   = 2 2 ln 5 = 2 ln 25 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 4 of 9 .

The selection within each strata according to the gender may be done by simple random sampling using the available name list: (ii) Obtain the list of female students and label them from 1 to 1080.(iv) Volume obtained = π ∫  g ( x )  dx  0 2 1 = π ∫ f ( x ) dx 0 1 = π 2 ln 12 + 1   =π 2ln2 units3 (1.1. 6 (a) 9! = 1260 4!3!2! 4! = 12 2! (b) (c) Case 1: (Y-B-Y)(R-B-R)(R-B-R) – each bracket is a fixed group. Generate 60 unique random numbers between 1 to 1080 inclusive. A similar procedure can be carried out for the male students. Choose the students who correspond to the numbers generated. Select 60 females and 40 males to form the sample of size 100 so that the sample is more representative of the population.19 ) y= 8x x +1 2 5 (i) The sample could be biased or unrepresentative as only those with interest in the NE programme would volunteer to take part in the survey. Use stratified sampling method. Page 5 of 9 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions .

1× 2 8 = (b) (i) (ii)  2 1 p  ×  9 4 0.1× p 2 4 8 49 = 0.Number of arrangements = Case 2: Case 3: 3! =3 2! (Y-B-Y)(R-B-R-B-R)(R) – each bracket is a fixed group. P( A | B) = 0 ≠ P( A) Necessarily false. 3! Number of arrangements = =3 2! Total arrangement = 12 7 (a) (i) (ii) Necessarily false. Number of arrangements = 3! =6 (R-B-R-B-R-B-R)(Y)(Y) – each bracket is a fixed group.0533 p or (iii) 1 − 49 p ≥ 7 80 10 49 3 p≤ 80 10 0< p≤ 47 p 882 24 49 8 (a) Let R be the no.3 × p + 0.4 p + 0. R B (1200. of Buzzland spies in a suburb of 1200 residents.3 × p + 0. 0.4 p + 0. P( A ∩ B) = P( A) P( B) ≠ 0 Required probability 1 1 1 = 0.6) approximately SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 6 of 9 .2 × p + 0.6 < 5 R Po(3.6125 p or p 80 Required probability 1 1   0.6125 p  2 1 p+ ×   10 4  1 1 p  ×  9 4  p  = 0.003) Since n = 1200 is large and np = 3.

of spies present in a city.P ( R ≥ 5) = 1 − P ( R ≤ 4) = 0. V the total no.7) Required proportion = P ( R > 5) = 1 − P ( R ≤ 5) = 0. U Po(1.085622 a = 1. P (U = 23 and V = 11) = P (U = 23) × P (V = 11) [Tabulate or graph Y1 = poissonpdf(1. T Po(1. of Dodoland spies. of Buzzland spies is independent of the no.23) × poissonpdf(0.11)] Prob is maximum when n = 20. of cities = 0. Assumption: The no.007999 ×10000 ≈ 80 (ii) Let n be the no.007999 No.3n) . / The Buzzland and Dodoland spies work independently. of Buzzland and Dodoland spies respectively in these cities.28373 SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 7 of 9 .4n) Consider P (U = 23 and V = 11) .4X. of cities investigated and U. 9 (i) There exists a positive linear correlation between x and ln y.3X. V Po(0. (ii) ln y = 0.0894 b = 0.294 (b) (i) Let T be the total no.28373 x + 0.

25).6 ⇒ P(TB ≤ 53 + a) ≤ 0.” X ~ B(60. X ~ N(37.864 (3 sig figures).(iii) ln y = 0.37 Hence greatest value of a is 3. 0. TB ~ N(53. If it can be modeled by Normal distribution.6226 ≈ 0.366 (from GC) ⇒ a ≤ 3.28373( x) + 0.356.798 ≈ 32. (iii) TA – TB ~ N(2. on which Anne will take longer than Ben to travel to work. so the lines almost coincide as y is dependent variable. 14. (Cannot use x on ln y even if student states r ≈ 1. 41) P(TA – TB > 0) = 0.6226) Since np = 37.085622 ln y = 3.37.56 ≈ 7 We use the line ln y on x since x is the independent variable and ln y is the dependent variable.8 Not reliable as x = 12 is out of data range ln 7 = 0. then there will be approximately the same number of employees earning above and below the mean salary. 16) P( 53 – a ≤ TB ≤ 53 + a) ≤ 0.) (iv) 10 (a) No. SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 8 of 9 .623 Let X be the random variable “ no of days out of 60.4903 y = 32. nq = 22.25) where T = TA + TB 2 P(50 < T <60) = 0. (ii) TB ~ N(53.098) approximately.644 > 5. (b) (i) TA ~ N(55. 16) Let T ~ N(54. 10.356 > 5.28373(12) + 0.085622 x = 6.8 ⇒ 53 + a ≤ 56. The distribution would be asymmetric or skewed.

5244 2.P( X ≥ 43) → P( X > 42. There is insufficient evidence. “pH level of water” and µ be the population mean.2 − 8. at 1% level.5) using continuity correction = 0.5 • To test at 1 % level of significance H1 : µ ≠ 8. SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 9 of 9 .f.3 8.0289 T= t (10) Conclusion: Since p-value > 0.11 n < −0.9027 ) approximately n (ii) By CLT.) 232.9027 n −0. s2 = 1  (−15.0854 (3 significant figures).31.96 Least value of n is 66. X ~ N (8.90 (3 s.5 • Under H 0 . H 0 : µ = 8.5. we do not reject H0.2 ) < 0. X − µ0 s/ n p-value = 0.2 − 79  80    2. that the pH level differs from 8. 11 (a) (i) Let X be the r.31 < −0.2)2  = 2.1218 n > 65.01. (ii) The pH level of the water in the tanks is assumed to be normally distributed.v. P( X < 8.8934 n > 8. (b) (i) x = 8.31 .