I, Pritesh Solanki, of Lala Lajpat Rai College of TYBMS [Semester V] hereby declare that I have completed my project, titled ‘Developing a Time Investment Strategy’ in the Academic Year 2008-2009. The information submitted herein is true and original to the best of my knowledge.

________________________ Signature of Student [Pritesh Solanki]

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I, Prof. Vijaya Gangal, hereby certify that Mr. Pritesh Solanki of Lala Lajpat Rai College of TYBMS [Semester V] has completed his project, titled ‘Developing a Time Investment Strategy’ in the academic year 2008-2009. The information submitted herein is true and original to the best of my knowledge.

___________________ Prof. Vijaya Gangal (PROJECT GUIDE)

___________________ Prof. Vijaya Gangal (COURSE CO.ORDINATOR)

___________________ Mr. S.N. Shetti (PRINCIPAL)

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• To help you determine how you presently use time • To make you aware of the portion of time over which you have control • To establish priorities, review how time is consumed, and identify time-wasting activities • To identify common time-killers and techniques for dealing with them • To teach you how to make the most effective use of the time under your control • To allow you to use time the way you choose (work, play, or rest) • To highlight the principles of time management

All the above objectives are being looked after in the project.


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Entrance, Hard Work, gradual progress and an exciting year, that’s how I have reached this level and now as I stand at the threshold of the aside world, I take a look at the past year which I have spent in this College. Our performance with their devotion, have moulded me in to confident and aspiring student all through this year. My guide for the project Prof. Vijaya Gangal, whose constant encouragement, planned and careful guidance helped me to complete this project up to the mark. This acknowledgement would not be completed without extending my sincere thanks to my Ex – Bosses, Mr. Sandeep Phanse and Mr. Jagjit Matharu (Director, EIC) who always helped me with the content and gave permission to use the game module. I would also like to thank my friends Mehul, Rishabh, Vishal and Ketan, for their support in entire study. And finally a special thanks to my entire family especially my mother, my father and my sister. I hope that I shall be able to realize the dream of a worthy progress.


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Everyone knows that to be effective it is necessary to complete tasks on time and to be efficient those tasks should be accomplished in order of priority. If it’s so easy the question remains; why do so many people run out of time? Because of the value placed on all resources we are forced to get more done, with fewer people, in less time. While time is limitless we only ever have access to sixty minutes in an hour, twenty-four hours in a day and seven days in a week etc. Therefore, like a precious consignment we have to use time to its best advantage, which means that we have to develop new strategies for the way we use time and alter the way in which we perceive it. This project on Time Strategies will enable us to realize the importance of time and to determine how it should be invested to achieve the results they desire. The ability to prioritize, determine dependencies and overcome procrastination gains value when the investment of time as a precious resource is understood.

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and hours. dance to your heart’s content and win the Prince’s heart. Page | 6 . I was not referring to the faces of watches or clocks. I was referring to the many meanings that time has. weeks. Picture a farmer who plants a sapling of a tree that would probably take ten to twelve years to reach the stage when it would start to bear fruit. And do you know why? It’s because we do not have the time for it. or maybe you could try to explain the logic behind the following cases. Picture a jailbird in bird counting on the bars of his cell waiting for the seconds. is time such a villain. No. who should always be painted in black? We have heard the proverb that says “there are no wounds that time cannot heal. It’s these words that probably made us aware-for the first time in our lives-of the value of time. you have to be back before the clock strikes twelve at midnight. days. We all sympathized with Cinderella when all her splendid gown and other finery turned to rags at the stroke of midnight. by then the farmer would in likelihood be under the soil himself. minutes. Oh yes it does! You thought that time meant the same to everyone. But that’s enough! This project was not made to sing the praises of time. There is no need of the romance of Cinderella or the soothing finger of an old lady when we are talking about time. months and years to go by before he can be free again.” We all are familiar with the words of the Fairy God Mother in the evergreen fairy tale ‘Cinderella’. Well think again. But remember. We are going to try and understand time in its many faces.” Here of course we get the image of a wizened old woman who comes hobbling up to us with a pitcher full of balm and gentle fingers that soothe away all our pains and sorrows. Our first acquaintance with the villainous Time! But then.WARMING UP TO THE CONCEPT OF TIME “Now go on and enjoy yourself.

Now picture a young couple madly in love with each other cherishing the few minutes they get to spend with each other every day. the big strong man who tamed rivers and seas. Do you know what is interesting about the concept of Time? It is absolutely uncontrollable. the closest that man has got towards conquering time is those many history books that have been penned. Just imagine a man with all his power is just like a helpless babe before time. And our hero is safe. who reached out to the skies and beyond. cursing time because it flies so fast when they are together and never the other way round. But I expect that’s why they call them heroes. In fact. There it is Time stands tall and strong before man and man remains vulnerable and weak before it. they are of course chronicles of events that happened long ago and that is certainly not much to boast about. It’s funny how the hero always escapes without a scratch in these movies. the hero hits the brakes screeches to a halt to avoid hitting that old lady crossing the road. But we being the getting-to-see-it-all audience watch with bated breath as the tiny needle of the timer ticks towards the point at which the explosion is sure to occur. who harnessed wind and water and dug up the bowels of the earth is but a worm before Time. But just before that. Now we are really transgressing aren’t we? So back to our subject that is Time Management. And when he jumps out to help her cross the road the needle reaches the point and the bomb is exploded. Personally I believe that there is something very humbling about this concept. Man. So what does time mean to you? When was the last time that you realized the value of time? The answer is probably the last time you watched one of those Bollywood thrillers in which the hero is driving a car in which a time-bomb has been planted and the hero is unaware of this. Page | 7 . The best he can do to win the battle against time is die his hair and use some antiwrinkle cream on his face.

And hence we have the proverb. When we talk about non-renewable resources. but there you are missing out on a very important point. Now. In all the illustrations that I used above. everyone knows that we are referring to the resources like fossil fuels. is lost forever. Every person has only twenty four hours in a day and no force on earth can alter that. You might begin to feel that if the battle cannot be won. then what is point in putting up a struggle? Ah. and time once lost. that is that Time cannot be controlled. But is there any alternative for time that is lost. It’s about managing your time effectively and if I may I would like to add the word efficiently too. So in order to get the cutting edge what you have to do is to be able to manage your time in the most effective way possible. I was referring to man in general and not to one particular Tom. fuel cells. I hope that I have made one point clear. But what about time? A point that most people tend to forget is that time is the most valuable resource that we have. forests. So you can see that this aspect of time is applicable to every human being and there is no running away from it. is lost forever. mineral wealth. And that is what Time management is all about. I don’t want you to have an air of helplessness. fossil fuels like coal. But surprisingly time is never included in this list. it can only be managed.And so now we come to our subject that is time management because after all the illustrations given above. petroleum and natural gas top the list. solar energy and the research goes on. We can think about alternate sources of energy for fossil fuels like electricity. And that is what we are going to do. “time and tide waits for no man. Again I stress on the point that time once lost. Dick or Harry. and water bodies and so on.” Page | 8 . when we talk about our resources. We are going to learn the art of time management.

We can only manage ourselves and our use of time.HISTORY OF TIME MANAGEMENT The idea of time management has been in existence for more than 100 years. Unfortunately. he wrote about his thirteen virtues. History of time management dates back to the 6th century AD with the St. Benedictine Monks who "emphasized and encouraged scheduled activities at all times. Time can neither be managed. Each night he would reflect upon the day's activities to judge whether he had lived up to these core values. Franklin carried around a "little black book" wherever he went. Benjamin Franklin is considered by many to be the father of modern time management. He mostly emphasized on the effective use of time. the term "time management" creates a false impression of what a person is able to do." The concept of time efficiency was introduced by Scottish Economist Adam Smith who developed an assembly line system for factory workers. and within it. These values were as follows: • Temperance • Silence • Order • Resolution • Frugality • Industry • Sincerity • Justice • Moderation • Cleanliness • Tranquility • Chastity • Humility Page | 9 . nor controlled.

Time Management is more than just managing time. Alec Mackenzie in his book The Time Trap argues that the very idea of time management is a misnomer because one really cannot manage time in the way other resources can be managed: financial capital. Page | 10 .UNDERSTANDING TIME MANAGEMENT “We all have time to either spend or waste and it is our decision what to do with it. It is about controlling the use of the most valuable . it is gone forever. With good time management skills one is in control of one’s time. Internationally known authority on time management Dr. It is setting priorities and taking charge of the situation and time utilization. While a vast majority of people confesses faltering to come to grips with it.600 minutes in a year. While each of the first four can be augmented. but rather the way one uses it. The bottom line is how well one manages time. It is being willing to adopt habits and methods to make maximum use of time. 60 minutes in an hour. It is not how much time one has.440 minutes in a day. One finds enough flexibility to respond to surprises or new opportunities.resource. and 525.” . information and time. transferred or otherwise controlled. reduced. extremely few can claim to have made the most of it.and undervalued . physical capital. It means changing those habits or activities that cause waste of time. One can maintain balance between one’s work and personal life.60 seconds in a minute. But once passed. Time cannot be manipulated. It is managing oneself in relation to time. How is it that they have got it all done? It’s because they have managed a way to figure out how to manage their time effectively. human capital.Bruce Lee (“Zen in the Martial Arts” by Joe Hyams) Every individual on earth has the same amount of time . 1. stress and energy levels.

one can only manage oneself in relation to it. time cannot be replaced or re-created. Mackenzie contends that when it comes to time. Page | 11 . It is therefore not for us to choose whether we spend or save time but to choose only how we spend it.Dr. In the world in which we live. One cannot control time as one can control other resources – one can only control how one uses it.

One does not work well under pressure . Time management is not about routine: it is about self-discipline. The trouble with the disorganized person is that he hardly has time to listen to his secretary or look at his diary. Lack of discipline prevents one from being great instead of simply good. Lara’s performance when the West Indies Team is in trouble has more to do with application and determination rather than pressure. • I do not have the time. They affect everyone including those persons who may be considered quite successful and effective.only does the best one can under the circumstances. Pressure and challenge must not be confused. • I use a diary. • Time management might be good for some kinds of work but my job is creative. While it is true that the concept is simple. The effective worker or manager often gets more work done in the earlier hours of the morning than most laggards get done in the whole day. Psychological studies show this to be no more than an excuse for procrastination. making constant excuses and Page | 12 . forgetting appointments. • Work is best performed under pressure.all it requires is common sense. Here are some of the misconceptions identified by Dr. Mackenzie: • Time management is simple .MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT TIME There are several misconceptions which we all have about time. a to-do list and have a secretary to keep me one can do it for others. the self-discipline required to practice effective time management is not easy. • Time management takes away the fun and freedom of spontaneity. Is working under stress. He then no longer has to work against tight deadlines and under stress which contributes to heart problems and not unusually the ultimate reduction of time on this earth. One has to keep oneself organized .

read a good book. plan for tomorrow and the day and week after or just relax? Page | 13 .apologies to be fun? Would it not be much more fun if by better organization one had one or two more hours every day to spend with the family. to play games.

a student will have trouble coping up with deadlines set by professors. Oftentimes. you are usually able to control your time efficiently that you can even finish tasks ahead of time.WHY IS TIME MANAGEMENT SO IMPORTANT? Time management is a common problem faced by most of us. Despite of this. It takes a considerate amount of skill in order to manage your time properly. This is because you are paid for the hours of service you render to the firm. But if not. If time is not properly managed. it reflects one's priorities and how you are able to properly appropriate them into your schedule. Page | 14 . If the overtime rendered is reflected on your paycheck. Time Management in School/College: Due to more freedom merited to college students. On the other hand. With lack of proper time management. when you are swarmed with multiple tasks at once. it can become quite challenging for new (freshman) students to cope with time management. Let’s try to analyze the importance of Time Management in different fields. companies will try to ensure that each hour you spend at the office is utilized effectively for work. employees could easily eat up more time for their “breaks” than what is actually spent on actual work. Too often. people eat up what is supposed to be their free time to be able to accomplish all pending tasks in time. If a student has prepared his or her own list of work for the day. Hence. the company ends up requiring the employee to do overtime work just to finish a project. Most students would tend to slack off during vacant hours that they end up accomplishing nothing. then you reap the unpleasant effects of poor time management. The liberty to choose your own schedule readily creates a false notion that they can do whatever they want. Time Management at Work: When it comes to your job. he or she will be able to properly allocate the time spent for extracurricular activities and assignments. then good for you. employees still seek out ways to have a break. Hence. proper usage of your time is more particular. If you are one of these people. it becomes extremely difficult to identify which ones you must complete first.

things just don’t move ahead) Impatience (e. The following are some of the indicators of poor time management: • • • Constant rushing (e.g. ‘I’m not sure what is expected of me’) Page | 15 .g.g.g. energy and motivation (e. I don’t know which way to jump’) • Difficulty setting and achieving goals (e. ‘where the hell is that information I’ve asked him for?’) Chronic vacillation between alternatives (e. ‘I can’t seem to get worked up about anything’) • • • Frustration (e. ‘whichever option I choose it is going to put me at a big disadvantage.SYMPTOMS OF POOR TIME MANAGEMENT Poor time management shows up by way of one or a combination of typical perceptible symptoms.g. ‘Oh.g. in attending meetings. Managers would do well to look for and reflect on whether they are subject to any of those symptoms with a view to take necessary corrective actions. between meetings or tasks) Frequent delays (e. meeting deadlines) Low productivity.g.

There are many things that a human being should do in order to continue to live like a human being and some of these things do take up a lot of time. Page | 16 . which we can deduct from twenty four. So let us get that straight. Let us proceed to carefully examine where all that time goes and find out if twenty four hours really is. But on most days it scarcely seems enough. Point 2 The seventeen waking hours cannot be used completely for productive work. giving us only seventeen waking hours. Point 1 We do not really get twenty four hours in a day. But this is because of certain misconceptions about time. you are wrong again. That means that you have already lost seven hours. But I have taken the times for each action on what I felt to e reasonable times as far as any normal human being is concerned. For that I have listed out certain points which will help you to get a realistic view about how much time you really have in a day. Maybe it’s because we always talk about the twenty four hours in a day. we get the feeling that we really do have twenty four hours to finish our daily business and the fact is that we do not. For this come to the next point.WHERE DOES ALL THE TIME GO? It is quite surprising when you sit and think about where all the time in one day goes. let me fix your waking time at seven in the morning. we have only 17 hours in a day. Twenty four hours is really a lot of time. Now the following list that I have drawn up is sure to vary from person to person. Waking hours does not mean the hours you take to wakeup but the hours that you are awake. Assuming that you hit the sack at least by twelve in the night and taking for granted the fact that you need at least seven hours of sleep. Now if you think that all those seventeen hours can be used for productive work.

we are all very cultured people who have the best of manners and upbringing. Taking a shower. For some people of course. But right now I would like to put down one hour as the time to relax. We dress ourselves properly and conduct ourselves with the utmost poise.  Getting ready and tidying ourselves When we move about in society definitely we have to look our best and adding up all the minutes that we spend in front of that mirror.  Answering the call of nature Oh yes. Page | 17 . this figure comes up to half an hour. waiting for the last traces of sleep to go away. So that makes it 30 minutes for food. we get another ten minutes. and this includes the time that you get to yourself for prayer or meditation or just to stare out of your window or perhaps the few extra minutes that you spend in your bed after waking up. For those of you cleaner ones who shower twice a day put that as twenty minutes. But I think ten minutes is good enough.  Time to relax Please do not raise an argument now.  Eating We need to eat to live and though I accept the fact that people have different eating habits and times. I promise to deal with this bit later on. But there are several times in a day when we have to go back to nature and summing up all those things we do in the bath room I think a good half hour should be enough. Most of us take a shower at least once in a day and the time I think we can put down for that is ten minutes. I think that and I’m sure doctors will agree with me that a person needs three meals a day and should take at least ten minutes to ingest a meal and not just gobble it down.

For if we continue to believe that we have twenty four hours. and then we are in effect deceiving ourselves. let us see how much time we have left for productive work provided we still want to exist as human beings. These crucial hours that we have painstakingly added up are not really put to constructive use. So with your permission. There are certain things called time waster which you have to look out for and that is what we are going to deal within our next chapter. That is all that we get. That is 3 hours and 20 minutes. Now if we proceed to subtract this figure from our 17 hours of waking time. aren’t we? And we certainly cannot get along with our business of life without chatting a few minutes every now and then with our friends and the family too. The activities mentioned above would take when put together a good three hours and twenty minutes. I would like to deduct another hour from your waking time. And we proceed to add up all the time that we accounted for in the above mentioned points. But wait there is more to this story than meets the eye. And that is a fact. I put it down in both numerals and words so that you can get a real taste of the figure. Page | 18 . In figures that is 13 hours 40 minutes. what do we get? We are left with just thirteen hours forty minutes. So now what do we have left? We started off with 17 hours of waking time. So from now on don’t you think that it would be more realistic to say that we have just thirteen hours and forty minutes to accomplish a day’s work and not twenty-four hours. Time with family and friends Please we are human beings.

When I talk about killers. But apart from these. But that’s the way the story goes. each one of us may have unique time killers that are particular to our style of living and way of work. Be smart and identify these killers. I would like to elaborate on certain of the items listed above. The killers that I am referring to are quite ordinary every day things that we see and use in our lives but often do not realize how much of our time they take away. do not get the impression of masked men lurking in shadows brandishing guns and knives. The time killers that I have listed below are more or less general. Seven terrible Time Killers • Telephone calls • Chatter boxes • Traffic jams • Finding parking spaces • Meetings • Bad machinery • Long queues The list could of course go on. They are things that most of us encounter. There are a lots of time killers in this world and what you have to do is that you have to identify these time killers. But now we come to a strange concept and that is ‘Time Killers’. The very word sound like sacrilege doesn’t it? How can one talk about killing such a valuable resource. look out for them and stay wary of tem. we have been harping about how valuable time is and how time lost is time lost forever and so on.‘Time Killers’ Till now. Page | 19 . But before we keep adding to the list. Only then can you put your available time to the maximum possible use.

there is no stopping them. Haven’t we all met them? They simply love the sound of their own voices and once they open their mouths. A mobile phone is to be used to get an important message across to a person who you were not able to reach on the land line. Most people do not understand and even if they do they forget that telephones are not to be used for lengthy conversations. it is much easier to avoid such people than to tell them to shut up and if you get a telephone call from such a person. Steer clear of such people. another person may be trying to reach you and there is nothing as exasperating as trying to reach a person over the telephone and being confronted with a busy tone. use a caller ID facility or ask your secretary to divert the call. Page | 20 . Be brief. Another thing about telephones is that most people do not know how to use a telephone properly. As soon as you get a call. Often we tend to give more importance to the caller than to the person we were having the discussion with. Again the same rule applies here. In fact the amount of time that people get to save thanks to telephones is stupendous. some people go on playing a lot of “who is speaking” games once they make a call or answer the telephone. Believe me. you may ask the people you were talking to excuse yourself but you leave them waiting while you chuckle and giggle over your phone. So the first thing about a telephone conversation is that it should be brief. In stead of immediately identifying themselves and asking directly for the person they want. What should be done is turn off your cell phone when you are having a conversation or a discussion with more than one person. They waste not only your time but their time as well. Now coming to mobile phones there is a lot to be said and done. The problem arises when telephones are not used properly. For one thing.How to handle Time Killers • The funny thing about telephone calls is that these instruments are indeed great time savers. • The next point is about those chatter boxes.

By doing so. If you have such equipment or machinery. it is worth the time you may have to spend waiting.• Traffic jams and finding parking spaces. • Long queues certainly waste a lot of time. But that does not really keep the time killer at bay. That does not mean that you have to jump the queue. In this respect you have two options. Either you could find something constructive to do while you wait for the traffic to move along or the traffic light to change or a better option would be to take subway and walk the rest of the way. • Not surprisingly lengthy meetings and discussions can prove to be awful time killers particularly if the meeting does not have a clear agenda and if there are people who love top talk among the group. How many of us have wanted to sit and scream and bang the daylights out of a pc that does not give us the required data or information. It is worth the amount of time and energy that you waste on it every day. parleying has been made into a fine art. Any one who has lived in the city for at least a day will know what I am talking about. If you can get the job done over the telephone or can reserve your ticket in advance. get it changed at the earliest possible date. The only thing you can do is anticipate the traffic jam and leave your home a half hour or one hour early. even a leaky faucet or a stubborn drawer or door knob can waste a lot of time and send us up the wall. A computer that takes a long time to start up. a photocopier that gives shamefully faint photocopies. even if it means a few extra dollars. You can get a long a lot faster on your feet and it is a lot better for your health as well. It just helps you to avoid being late. It has been found that most middle and senior level mangers spend nearly 70% of their work time talking. • Bad machinery is a time waster. do it. you can also get rid of the headache of finding a parking space. Page | 21 . And will someone tell me whit is called the rush hour when that is the time when the traffic is the slowest. And in most organizations. There is no getting past a traffic jam at the rush hour.

like for instance. You will get a better idea of how to get over time killers once we handle the section called the time savers. Use your common sense and try to find alternate methods or even better. an elevator that takes forever to reach your floor. a car that refuses to start in the morning. if you cannot find an alternate method.Apart from these each person may have particular time wasters. difficult hair that insists on looking like Medusas head on a bad snake day. Page | 22 . you could put the time to some use like read your morning paper in the elevator.

you’re sure to bring efficiency and results to your efforts. It is therefore imperative that people perform their activities in the order of priority. With the help of the model.” The application of this phrase to time management is clear. It derives from the tendency of baby ducklings to swim in a perfectly straight line behind their mother. “getting her ducks in a row. Not Urgent but Important 4. 24 hours in a day is not enough time for many people to do everything in their schedule. Let’s face it. If you deal with things in a logical. When your “ducks” begin to stray too far afield. Not Important and Not Urgent Page | 23 . Simon & Schuster) have developed a model called a time management matrix. This model enables managers to prioritize their activities and use their time more effectively. they can evaluate their activities in terms of importance and urgency.Lining Up Your Ducks: Prioritize! “Lining up your ducks” is a familiar and charming phrase. Not Important but Urgent 3. Important and Urgent 2. If the ducklings begin to stray too far. danger is lurking—for them and for you. Time management experts like Stephen Covey S R (The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. orderly sequence. the mother duck will invariably “shepherd” them back into line—thus. The art of prioritizing covers 4 major task groups: 1.


Important and Urgent Quadrant 1 represents things which are both urgent and important – labeled “firefighting”. they can be scheduled when they can be given quality thought to them. As a result. If you don’t pay your bills on time.labelled “Quality Time”. Urgent but Not Important Quadrant 3 represents distractions. or consequences may result. A good example would be the preparation of an important talk. are not important. Not Important and Not Urgent Page | 25 . family time and personal relaxation/recreation are also part of Quadrant 2. and they are important. You should give them the highest priority. and contribute to achieving the goals and priorities . but not urgent . An example would be bills that are due today. you would incur additional charges or they might cut off their services to you. For example.he/she has had to interrupt whatever he/she is doing to answer it. The activities need to be dealt with immediately. or mentoring a key individual. . but frankly. when a person answers an unwanted phone call. Prayer time. Activities belonging to this category need to be acted upon without delay.they do not have to be done right now. Although the activities here are important. These tasks are the ones that must be done right away. Important but Not Urgent Quadrant 2 represents things which are important. They must be dealt with right now.

it is essential for people to relax and unwind once in a while. then forget it. If you really want to succeed. ”All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. such as watching TV and movies. put the title: Important but Not Urgent. If an idea or event you encounter is Urgent but Not Important. But you should be strict in limiting your time for these activities. Ignore Not Important and Not Urgent tasks. You want to utilize your time well. strictly limit your time in doing these activities or don’t do them at all. You may put it under Important and Urgent if you simply must have that furniture Page | 26 . Of course. won’t you? If you think it’s significant in some way. Every time something comes up during your daily work or on your mind. Focus on those that will bring you fruitful results. put the title: Important and Urgent. You would be surprised to know that people spend most of their time doing things that are both unimportant and non-urgent. then you may put it under Important and Urgent. So let’s say your boss told you to submit a report due tomorrow. senseless chatting for hours on the phone.Quadrant 4 represents Time Wasting.” as they say. You might think activities in this section are not worth people’s time. if you really want to accomplish a lot in your life. At the back page. Numbered Priority Tactic Here’s one of the most powerful techniques that you can use to manage your time efficiently – the Numbered Priority Tactic. that is. At the front page of the notebook. playing video games. Write it down on your notebook under Important and Urgent. Treat activities belonging to this section with the lowest priority. Then your friend told you that there’s a big 2-day sale at the downtown furniture store. shopping for new clothes. so they won’t engage in these activities much. You should be able to bring it anywhere you go. etc. Buy a very small notebook that you can put in your pocket. put it in the appropriate page of your little notebook.

As the day goes on. then don’t write it anymore. As the list increases in each category. write down each and every idea. If distractions come about. you may switch or change the numbers of the items in the list. When you do any changes. or event that comes to your mind. Page | 27 . This method can enable you to achieve more in one week than what most people can accomplish in a month. The important thing you must do is to buy that little notebook and to start doing this super tactic right now! Time is running fast. Because priorities may change. Transfer your writings to a new page when you see that it’s getting untidy. examine each of them carefully and start numbering each item in the order of priority . thought. As you’re walking down the street you suddenly thought of a great new idea for your part-time business. You may put it under Important but Not Urgent. You may also transfer one item from Important and Urgent to Important but Not Urgent. and vice-versa. and never go to Number 2 until you’re done with Number 1 for each category. make sure your notebook stays clean. you may take care of them first but always come back to your numbered list when you’re done. But if you think your house would do fine without it.with 1 being the highest priority. Start working on Number’re drooling for months. Start off with a new page every day.

The principle states that 80 percent of our unfocused effort generates only 20 percent of our end results. the focus was on the manager and his organization skills. Covey describes several myth of third generation time management and its ideals of the following: • Planning for efficiency • Personal values' prioritization • Controlling other people Page | 28 . James McKay authored the first book on time management. but achieve very little of their desired results because they are not concentrating on the right things. Covey describes the first generation of modern time management techniques as notes and checklist reminders. and that 80 percent of our results are achieved from 20 percent of the overall energy expended. Many students and professionals spend the day in a frenzy of activity. The third generation was committed to "planning. The second generation focused on planning and preparation through the use of calendars and appointment books." Once again. these techniques were not working. prioritizing and controlling.Pareto's Principle or the 80/20 Rule It was developed in the 19th century. Later in that decade. Stephen R. In the 1950s.

time management instruments and instruction has blossomed into a sophisticated business. The professional is left to a personal search for those instruments that will be the most effective and efficient for his or her lifestyle. Page | 29 .ABC System Alan Lakein developed the “ABC technique. finish tasks at assigned times. Covey has developed another prioritization technique that deals with the problem of importance versus urgency. Setting goals with balance in mind. In labeling a task as A. For example. B or C. In the later half of this century. A-1 is the most important task and A-2 is secondary to A-1. as the professional is expected to be organized. intermediate or long-range goals.” This approach uses letters to prioritize what is truly important to the individual. This system can be taken one step further by assigning numerical rank to each task. Some "B" and "C" ranked priorities may actually be more important. but not as urgent. The professional who does not use time management skills may risk missing appointments and due dates of assignments. No good excuses can be given for being lazy in this area. and working on tasks that are important but not urgent can help alleviate many crises of life that the professional may otherwise encounter. The ABC technique of prioritization was limited because "A" list priorities may be confused with urgency more often than true importance. the individual is actually categorizing these tasks as short-term. and be able to use time management principles to lead others. planning ahead.

These are hereby few general examples of time savers. So now let us focus our attention towards those time savers because they are our best friends when we talk about Time Management. The Top Ten Time Savers • Telephones • Computers • Elevators • Fax Machines • The Internet • Coffee Machines • Bulletin or Notice Boards • Photo Copiers • Efficient Filing Systems • Good Secretaries and Junior Staff Page | 30 . if there is darkness there is light. If there is white. there are time savers. if there are time wasters. They are by no means the only time savers in the world.Time Savers Everything in this world has something to balance its existence. there is black.

this is something you can easily do over the telephone while you are comfortably seated in your office. It’s better for your health too. The task would easily take away at least two or three hours of your time when you take into account the journey. top climb a few stairs every day. • Elevators Next we come to elevators and elevators too we know save a lot of time that we would other wise have to spend plodding up flights and flights of steps. But one annoying thing about elevators is that sometimes even f we punch the button repeatedly. Elevators save not just time but energy as well. the elevator takes for ever to reach or floor. if you just have to go two or three floors up or down in such cases it is always better to take the stairs instead of waiting ten or fifteen minutes for the elevator to come to your floor. Page | 31 . Surprise! Surprise! I had included telephones under the list of time killers but telephones are in fact one of the best time savers that man has invented.Let’s take a quick look at all these. imagine you have to go there in person and get things done directly. But of course. it all depends on how you use the telephone. On the other hand. Now. I suppose every one will agree that computers are indeed time-saving machines. Just imagine the amount of time you get to save by just making a telephone call! Suppose you are to have a business lunch (sometimes called a working lunch) with an important client. So telephones are certainly one of the best time savers in this world. Now. But then I don’t think that I have to say much. the traffic and all that. Obviously you have to reserve a table in your favorite restaurant. • Telephones. • Computers I don’t think that enough can be said about the time saving roles of the computer.

With facilities like email. voicemail and video conferencing. even the fax machine has become outdated. Page | 32 . before coffee machines had made their presence felt in offices. It does seem like a job which does not require any brains. they tend to screw up their noses and raise their eyebrows. then comes the question of how to make sure that the message is read by all those concerned. But once these machines fail. • Photocopiers Often we tend to underestimate the importance of photocopiers in an office. When people see that a coffee machine has been included among the list of time savers.• Fax machines Like telephones. Instead of conducting one of those long meetings in which every one gets a chance to go on and on. people used to take coffee breaks that lasted up to half an hour? • Bulletin or Notice Boards Bulletin and Notice Boards are very time effective way of reaching out to a large number of people. Talk about fast… • Coffee machines. And that is why we do not give these machines any credit. Simple. But would you believe that earlier. Oh yes. it’s is bets to convey messages with the help of notice boards and bulletins which can be displayed at a place accessible to all. fax machines too save a lot of time by enabling us to send important documents across continents if needed and that too within a few seconds. scanners. Those machines just sit there and take copies of what is fed into them all day long. we understand their worth. include space on the notice where the concerned people can put down their initials as proof that they have read the message. • The internet It goes without saying that the internet has revolutionized our concept of time itself. I did it on purpose.

Of course we can take multiple prints using a printer. over here I have just highlighted ten time savers. If your secretary is as dependable as a screen saver. but cost wise and time wise a photocopier is much better. let the machine do the talking for you. People tend to try and save time by using abbreviations which sound quite ridiculous once they forget what it really stands for. If you really are too busy to attend your calls. It would be a good idea for you to look around and identify things that could save your time. the documents should not be filed in a haphazard order but should have an order that makes it easy to locate a paper. • Efficient Filing Systems This had already been dealt with under office organization. And the files should be kept in a proper order with easy to read and intelligible name tags and labels. There should be a proper place to keep the files something which people call a cabinet. I told you earlier that it is not always necessary that you do everything by yourself. Once you are able to share your work load with someone. and I am sure you will be able to put that hand to some good use. Being able to find an important document or file should not be a matter of luck. you should name the files properly and not use abbreviation that could stand for anything. Now. • Good Secretaries and Junior Staff Good secretaries are always an asset to an office. you will have at least one hand free. And in the files. then heaven help you! The advantage of having good secretaries and junior staff is that you can delegate a lot of things to them. Answering machines for one save a lot of time. It is really faster than a printer and it costs nothing to take copies. then half the battle is won. but first of course you have to be sure that the people you are delegating to do something are good enough. Page | 33 . You should be able to delegate a lot of things. But on the other hand if your secretary is as feather brained as a hen. The same thing applies to the files you have on your computer. but I just want to add that a good system of filing definitely saves a lot of time.

and that is trying to do two things at the same time. Page | 34 .In this context I think it would be appropriate to talk about one thing that most people often go wrong with in their quest to save time.

you could be facing a lot of stress. Since all these problems stem from stress. However. These prerequisites are easy to attain. you avoid compromising the most important aspect of all your activities: your health. You have to incorporate a little self-discipline in order to set up your events properly. You get a lot of stress relief and a lot of time to prioritize your life. This could lead to lower efficiency and lots of time wasted. you give yourself the chance to set up a great schedule that suits your planned activities both in and out of the job. successful time management is quite tricky. The remedy Time management can help prevent such events from happening. Proper time management creates a few of the most powerful advantages within and outside your job sphere. You can prevent such scenario from happening if you practice clear time management plan and a timetable for your activities. the main advantage of time management is the reduction of stress. you could easily forsake other aspects of your life. Furthermore. You need to create a balance in these activities and make sure each is properly done. When you have so many things to consider. your job consumes you that it becomes a part of your everyday life and you tend to lose priorities on other activities. You probably have experienced chasing deadlines or suddenly realizing that you set up two meetings on the same date. Page | 35 .ADVANTAGES OF TIME MANAGEMENT Having a job can be a stressful activity. Most people lose a lot of time just trying to think about their job. This is because you won’t have to worry about things when you schedule your events properly. Although you might not lose your job in the process. You also have to be more flexible with your goals and priorities. By having a clear plan. The problems without proper time management. Too often. You have to remember that productivity does not just mean doing several things. all of these are due to improper management of time. However. you are very much likely going to fail in meeting your deadline or you can schedule more than one meeting at the same time. You just have to learn the basic concepts in order to set things in motion.

The best thing about time management is that you get the chance to live your life on a proper routine. the more you free yourself of all the stress. you fall out of favor with your boss. The sooner you complete your tasks. Page | 36 . And despite of your hectic schedule. And the worse that could happen. you get so stressed out that you pass on the stress to your family members. This leads to additional pressure to complete other tasks and even to outdo your other officemates. never forget to take a break from time to time as it helps you become more productive.Another good thing about having a successful time management program is having a higher chance of completing everything on time. It might even mean that you will bring your work to the dinner table. Your working schedule is not swamped and so you can leave enough time for relaxing and having fun. This leads to a lot of unnecessary pressure that may cause you to extend your work outside the office just to keep up. When you miss a deadline.

e.AVOID THE “KISS OF YES” The idea might sound strange but avoiding the “kiss of yes” i. If you are going to help a person at the expense of your work and schedule. you have everything worked out. Unless you want to take up from where Mother Theresa left off. Now what is the relevance of your well thought out timetable? Where is your scheme for time management? Your work is waiting in the pantry while you are sweating over somebody else’s work. The person smiles very sweetly at you and showers sugar coated words on you. If you find a colleague in distress and have the time to spare. But just when things are beginning to work out fine. being able to say ‘no’ is fundamental to any scheme of Time Management. requests for help will be coming from all sides. by all means help the person. And it’s because of the simple reason that you could not say no to the person. then you are going to end up in hot water. you had better put your foot down and say “sorry boss. Who knows. Yes you have the master plan for time management. you have a time table which you stick to religiously. It is human nature to shirk work and if word gets around that you are a very helpful guy (read that as s-u-c-k-e-r) then before you know it. and you have a ‘to do’ list as well. But that does not mean that you should let yourself be taken for a ride. and before you even know what hit you. tomorrow you might be in that persons position and you may need somebody’s help. but I just don’t have the time. Page | 37 . One more definition is that a diplomat is a person who can say the nastiest things in the nicest way.” Behave like a diplomat who is a person who can tell you to go to hell in such a nice manner that you will actually start looking forward to the trip. a colleague or friend comes your way and asks you to help them out by doing certain jobs which are really their jobs. How many times have you had a similar experience? I’m not saying that you should not be civil. you have said yes and agreed to do the work for the person.

So that is just what you have to do. I’m terribly sorry but N-O. “no. Done the mask of the diplomat and the next time someone approaches you with sugar coated requests to help them out.” And then when the person leaves your presence with a crest fallen face. Common face the facts. wait till he or she is out of hearing range and then you can start that war dance. It is something that will plunge you into the depths of despair and all that. Give them a sugary sickly sweet smile. Or if you want you could try the hoola hoola. smile back at them. Extol at length what you think of the person and your relationship with him or her. And then put it painfully across. Then you could try telling them how much you love them. And then tell them that what you are going to say is going to be a life long sorrow for you. in today’s world of cut throat competition your very existence may depend on your ability to say “no. Page | 38 . So much that anyone in their normal senses would want to throw up at the sight of your smile.” And its miles better being a selfish pig than a sucker.

but a multitude of opposing emotions serves to short-circuit action. there are some underlying deep and darker forces. Time management experts have identified the eight most typical causes of procrastination. Procrastination can be a thoroughly amusing concept. it’s till there—both in the real world and in the person’s subconscious—where it generates stress and. argue psychologists. or conflict is gone. shown in Figure Page | 39 . ultimately. But. But they do. corrodes success. indeed. At the root of procrastination. fear. A person may be obliged to achieve certain results. Although the procrastinator may act as if the threat. almost always lurks some hidden fear or conflict that urges us to put things off. Everyone feels guilty when they do it and everyone resolves never to do it again. as with all things humorous. Procrastination—the cat burglar of time management—steals into your life and whisks away one of the most valuable assets you possess.PROCRASTINATION – THE ULTIMATE THIEF Everyone does it. Everyone procrastinates.

Fighting the Forces Internal causes for procrastination are more difficult to attack than external ones. you can cope with that cause and stop procrastinating— but that victory probably won’t help you with other external causes that are making you procrastinate on other tasks. Once you conquer this fear. Page | 40 . But unpleasant or overwhelming tasks—and unclear goals or task flow—are enough to make anyone want to postpone the inevitable. External Forces Even if you usually don’t procrastinate. that fear will color many different kinds of tasks.Internal Forces Note that four of the causes (those in the shaded boxes) are primarily inner rooted. you’ll be able to approach most tasks with renewed energy. for example. When we have certain tendencies or personality traits. If you procrastinate because of a fear of change. The above Figure gives. external causes for procrastination tend to be task specific. you tend to fear failure and you procrastinate largely for that reason. the four typical external reasons for procrastination. If. in the clear unshaded boxes. from the procrastinator’s psyche. they’re conquered for all tasks. your environment can impose procrastination on you. So. but once psychological obstacles are conquered. They arise. This is not to say that psychological reasons aren’t involved. they can manifest themselves in very different situations. if you’re putting off doing something for an external cause. you’ll procrastinate on any task at which you might fear that you’ll fail. While a single internal cause can make you procrastinate on many tasks. for the most part. There must be some.

it allows for a tighter bond amongst fellow employees and superiors. and that is your health. This kind of training focuses on increasing the amount of control and Page | 41 . Hence. most time management procedures even entail stress management as these two usually goes hand in hand. What do you get out of training? Any successful time management training program begins with setting up a workable timetable that you and your employees can work with. there is a need to chase deadlines and attend double meetings. Any company that undergoes training will have the capacity to teach employees how to manage time. Indeed. There is no overnight solution to this type of problem. Then. Aside from increasing their potential. there is a way to remedy all that. This means that unnecessary distractions can be avoided. That is how it can impact team building factor. These efforts extend far beyond ensuring a thriving business but also consider one of the most important aspects in any venture. In fact. it leads to high levels of stress in the work force because employees are pressured and forced to extend working hours just to meet the company's quota. if you are able to manage your time properly. it creates a more positive and holistic outlook. You might notice that levels of stress drop when you do not have to deal with several meetings and deadlines. Hence. Stress is crucial because it can tend to make things more complicated. Productivity levels of employees are affected by their time management planning and workload. you can allow your employees to tend to stress relief activities. It also means that you will be able to live out your life outside of the business sphere. Why time management Time management is a very important aspect of any business. However. What you need is a slow and steady approach until you have perfected your scheduling needs until you are able to work free of any time-related stress. It comes in a very comprehensive package that allows both manager and employee to meet halfway.EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGEMENT TRAINING Most losses incurred by companies are due to a lack of sound time management program.

focus the company has over its goals and methods. Aside from being time-efficient. Therefore. In fact. Therefore. Page | 42 . when you properly manage your time. you are able to increase your efficiency. Some tasks are better done by the manager rather than passing them down to subordinates. It allows the individual more time to relax because he or she will be able to set aside time for work and other activities. Hence. any problem encountered in the workplace does not carry over to your personal lives. Delegation of tasks is also addressed in such training. it saves a lot of energy and allows for a more productive workplace. managers need to know that delegation of tasks is a huge risk. as they should be. The problem One basic misconception about time management is that it allows no time for break or relaxation. you have successfully kept your business and other aspects of your life separate. However. This is because managers sometimes think that employees are better at handling manual activities such as photocopying and sending. you get the exact opposite. this kind of training strengthens the employees' ability to assess the situation and pick out assignments that can help them increase productivity levels. This means that when you allow improvements to go into the necessary sectors of your business.

However. Therefore. That way. you won't find yourself eating up several hours of your time just trying to complete one task. For a student. Study and Life Contrary to popular belief. some people tend to overestimate their capacity to manage their time. for this method to be a success one must need only common sense. so there is always a separate time for everything. Another benefit for doing this is that you'd be able to allocate these smaller tasks into smaller time schedules that would have a definite start and end. a student could indeed fall behind and live an imbalanced life. Learn how to adjust your schedule so you won't end up stressing out just trying to make up for lost time. The case is especially tough for a typical student who is struggling to create a balance between school and other societal factors that contribute to becoming a holistic individual. they end up consuming more time doing one task that they have none left for the other. and partying. For instance. we face a lot of distractions every day. If you do not have a clear sense of what to do with your time. A student must be able to differentiate the various aspects of your student life. he or she must be able to classify time allotted for classes. If you have to. write down your schedule so you can keep track of where you need to be at a certain time. the hard part is being able to practice it and implant it within your subconscious to make it seem natural. However. 2. working. today's young generation is slowly losing their sense of time management. you have an upcoming quiz or exam. Indeed.TIME MANAGEMENT FOR STUDENTS In today's world. Without proper time management. you must learn to cut down or eliminate partying from your schedule to allot more time for study. Once you have completed those smaller tasks. The dilemma lies in sifting through all these factors and setting their priorities. However. studying. time management works simply. it is easy to go along with the flow and that is where poor time management all begins. tasks. Hence. more manageable. you can opt to divide the larger tasks into small.) Time Portioning Students might initially find doing school assignments and work projects boring and stressful. you Page | 43 .) Balance between Work. 1.

Hence.) Reward For Managing Your Time When you manage your time as a student.can move on to other tasks. 3. Remember that all work and no play would make a student very dull. you can get some more free time to spare as rewards so you have more time to go to parties or just have a bit of fun. it eliminates the boring factor as you continually alter your schedule instead of being stuck on one for hours. Page | 44 .

You need to have a social life. Study Difficult Subjects First When you are fresh. you can process information more quickly and save time as a result. Use Distributed Learning and Practice Study in shorter time blocks with short breaks between. there are some basic principles of time management that you can apply. This keeps you from getting fatigued and "wasting time.TIME MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES FOR STUDENTS As a student." If there are times in the hostel halls or your apartment when you know there will be noise and commotion. 2." This type of studying is efficient because while you are taking a break. Make Room for Entertainment and Relaxation College is more than studying. 5. Yet. you also need to have a balance in your life. use that time for mindless tasks. 3. Identify "Best Time" for Studying Everyone has high and low periods of attention and concentration. These are as follows: 1. Make Sure the Surroundings are Conducive to Studying This will allow you to reduce distractions which can "waste time. Page | 45 . 4. the brain is still processing the information. Are you a "morning person" or a "night person?" Use your power times to study while the down times for routines such as laundry etc.

Make Sure you have Time to Sleep and Eat Properly Sleep is often an activity (or lack of activity) that students use as time management "bank. lectures etc) • Waiting in line • Doing laundry • Between classes Take advantage of quick breaks and hidden time in the following manner: • Re-read directions/questions for your next paper or assignment • Survey the next reading assignment • Read one section of a reading assignment • List the main points of what you just read." When you need a few extra hours for studying or socializing.6. or of the lecture you just heard • List today's “to do” items • Write out some questions to ask in class Page | 46 . foreign language tapes. 7. Figure out where Time is hidden These instances may include the following: • Sitting in a waiting room • Waiting to pick someone up • Riding in the bus • Stuck in traffic in the car/on your commute (listen to tapes you have made. you withdraw a few hours of sleep. This is not a good way to manage you in relation to time. Doing this makes the time you spend studying less effective because you will need a couple hours of clock time to get an hour of productive time.

Are you always the last one to class? How does this impact your classroom experience? How are things different when you show up on time or early for class? Page | 47 . Being chronically late-. Self-incarceration-. and failing to do any of them. 3.Do not be a prisoner to your own procrastination.Time management helps to avoid the following: 1. 2. inefficiency or laziness. The syndrome of having several major tasks to do all in the same night.

preparing dinner. When you have kids for the first time. whether new or not. However. You must be able to determine which your top priority is: is it your kids or your work? You have to remember that your decisions have trade-offs. You just have to cope with your situation since it is only through experience that you'd be able to find a better approach to family life. But here are proven and trusted solutions that any parent might find useful. Setting Priorities Learning how to properly set priorities is among the most important skill that every parent. You can probably easily manage the time at the office but the real challenge lies in organizing your household such as sending or picking the kids up at school. The key here is to recognize the difference in schedule as compared to when you were on your own now that you have your kids as your main obligation. If you do have work. you can make the appropriate changes. or cleaning up the house. Page | 48 . An additional tip that you can employ. you can easily update what priorities you need to focus one. these tasks can prove stressful. That way. you also need to juggle that along with your priorities in the family. Then. it is only natural to suffer from jitters especially with a new setup. If not managed well.TIME MANAGEMENT FOR PARENTS For new parents. the solution to this is simple. must practice especially for the working ones. you can also try setting up a “to-do” list for your set of activities within a day. therefore you would have to identify which of them has the least tradeoff. they face a common dilemma of making that much needed transition.

it is best to plan ahead what you have set out to do for the following day. or cleaning up the house. Aside from the help they can provide you in maintaining your home. Enough preparation will ensure that you will Page | 49 . If your kids are old enough. doing the laundry. By creating a weekly menu. this is the best time to get him started. then you can have him take care of the kids while you finish up on some chores. it also teaches them how to be responsible. You can divide the chores at home such as washing the dishes. This will help you prepare the things you will bring with you ahead and figure out if you have missed anything. it forms a bond and creates a healthier working relationship between both of you as parents. wives must not carry the sole burden of looking after the entire house. you already have an idea what to cook for them. If your husband is not acquainted with domestic chores. when it is time to prepare lunch or dinner for the family. You can start with training them to fix their beds or clean up their rooms. you increase your efficiency. Therefore.Delegating other Duties When it comes to work at home. who has the time and energy to spend wondering about what to cook for dinner after an exhausting day at the office? Delegate Proper Time for Shopping When it comes to going out with your family. However. After all. it is usually the wives' responsibility to handle them. Instead. you need to also plan ahead your itinerary. Among these things is creating a menu ahead of time. you can even ask them to help you out with the tasks at home. If not. you can delegate other duties to your husband so you can have equal share of the workload at home. More than being able to accomplish the chores faster. as well as putting their dirty clothes into the laundry basket. Planning out in Advance what you have to do for mothers.

Or else you would eat up more time since you have to return to get the items you've missed. you are good to go. but will also make sure that you do not forget anything. time management usually entails mere common sense. As for shopping. you need to produce a list of the essential items you need to pick up. Shopping at the grocery usually takes a lot of time. And when you have properly set your priorities. Not only will this help make shopping faster.have all the things you need for this day off with the family. Page | 50 . Hence. there are a few simple tips that any mother would find useful. For parents.

However. stress is a result of the worries over matters related to one's job. On the other hand. it allows you to determine what type of job you should accept. When you are aware of all these. If not. That is what time management training is for. It may even help prevent losses outside of the job. you can help yourself avoid unnecessary risks when it comes to your job. The key to solving such problems is a proper time management program. You manage to rub off that stress onto your family members and that is when it becomes unhealthy. Therefore. the problem is in terms of poor time management. You also need to know how to apply them so everything you've planned on doing won't end up a disaster. It is not enough that you understand the basic concepts of time management. With it. time management is a lot more complicated than it seem. stress is your biggest adversary in all of these. The program although it rests on a simple concept. Hence.TIME MANAGEMENT TRAINING People nowadays need to get a lot of things done especially with regards to their job. It allows you to have a better grasp with regards to time management. Time management training gives you a chance to know what level of stress you are capable of handling. then you could easily wind up committing more mistakes as you don't know the limitations of the basic concept. you will be able to stay within your optimum Page | 51 . Then you will know what kind of timetable you need to have in order to maximize productivity levels within and outside of your job sphere. Hence. The problem is that these losses are unnecessary and are therefore not advisable if you have a job. The benefits most people fail to realize that the major cause of losses in terms of productivity and efficiency at work is because of stress. they tend to lose track of a lot of events and end up incurring losses in time. How many times have you faced the dilemma of having too many meetings in one day or trying to beat an impossible deadline? And the worse thing is. At its core. There are special training programs that you have to undergo in order to avail of the full benefits of proper time management. there are trainings for time management. you get too stressed out that it overflows into your personal life.

you need to practice such a program in order to gain maximum benefit from your job. you have to keep your productivity level at a maximum. job. This means that it allows individuals to live a full and healthy life despite being in a stressful. Page | 52 . but that does not automatically mean you are being productive. you can determine whether to accept or defer calls for help from your officemates. The biggest gain you can take away with you by undergoing this kind of training is the emphasis on producing efficient work at your job. When you undergo this training. This will allow each member of the team to boost their efficiency levels with their individual tasks. Focus is one of the most important lessons you will learn with the training program. you will also be able to lessen whatever losses you might incur during difficult times. Time management training helps individuals manage stress. It allows people to assess which part of their lives to focus on at different times.productivity and efficiency levels without compromising your work schedule. Therefore. When you are able to manage your level of stress. This is of utmost importance because in order to stay competitive. You can easily overwork yourself. You cannot be efficient if you do not know your own limitations. or rather busy. This not only applies to your professional life though but also with your personal life. This will have its own implication in terms of the working relationship within your workplace. you will have a clearer idea on how to create an effective timetable and time management program on your own. Hence.

It is said that time and tide waits for none so our attempts would be to make the best use of time and prevent others from wasting our time too. It summarizes as to what causes us to waste our time and suggests solutions to save time as much as possible. It also offers tips to make the best use of time.CONCLUSION Now that we have come towards the end of the project we have realized that how our time gets wasted because we never thought of managing time in an effective manner. The wisdom lies in making the most of it. Page | 53 . This chapter winds up all our observations on time management in this project. As with all the precious resources. time is a scarce resource.

Terry Paulson 70 Minute Hour. Brian Poser Websites Referred http://www.yorku.scribd. Vince www. Career Press Time Investment Strategy.BIBLIOGRAPHY Books Referred Time Trap (1997). http://HREra.unsw.instantstressmanagement. Time Management (2003).com Page | 54 . Jim Henning Personal Time Management. AMACOM Books. Marion Haynes. http://www. The 26 – Hour Day (2001). McGraw – Hill.randypausch. Course Technology Time Management for Students (2003) http://www. Marc Mancini.citehr. Alec. Mackenzie http://www.

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