# SYLLABUS FOR ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING (EC

)
Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra:
Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.

Calculus:
Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.

Differential equations:
First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.

Complex variables:
Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent' series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.

Probability and Statistics:
Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods:
Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Transform Theory:

Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Semiconductor memories. 555 Timers. minimization of Boolean functions. diffusion. Wye-Delta transformation. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process. Electronic Devices: Energy bands in silicon. clamping. Signals and Systems: . Generation and recombination of carriers. BJTs. Microprocessor(8085): architecture. Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits. time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits. LED. and resistivity. programming. TTL. digital IC families (DTL.Fourier transform. rectifier. intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. multiplexers. CMOS). fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution of network equations using Laplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. Electronics and Communication Engineering Networks: Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs. DACs. and power. Thevenin and Norton's maximum power transfer. p-I-n and avalanche photo diode. single-transistor and op-amp configurations. Frequency response of amplifiers. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. Zener diode. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage. photolithography. ADCs. Simple op-amp circuits. Basics of LASERs. memory and I/O interfacing. Laplace transform. Sample and hold circuits. Digital circuits: Boolean algebra. mobility. MOSFET. p-n junction diode. Z-transform. feedback. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers. State equations for networks. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops. MOS capacitor. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. tunnel diode. JFET. Analog Circuits: Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes. Power supplies. clipping. ECL. p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process. counters and shift-registers. PROMs and PLAs. drift current. n-tub. decoders. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current. logic gates. Network theorems: superposition. MOS. ion implantation. Filters. oxidation. BJT. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. MOSFETs and analog CMOS. incidence. Linear constant coefficient differential equations. criterion for oscillation. Simple diode circuits. differential and operational. code converters. Sinusoidal oscillators.

causality. matched filter receivers. continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation. Communications: Random signals and noise: probability. Control Systems: Basic control system components. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems. superheterodyne receivers. bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. random variables. phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK. Gauss' and Stokes' theorems. pulse excitation. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems. differential pulse code modulation (DPCM). transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas. phase and group velocity. digital modulation schemes: amplitude. FDMA and CDMA and GSM. parallel and cascade structure. impedance transformation. frequency response. spectral analysis of these operations. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides. Maxwell's equations: differential and integral forms. signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Wave equation. realizations of analog communication systems. stability. impulse response. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Bode and Nyquist plots. impedance matching. FSK). ztransform. Basics of TDMA. convolution. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance. elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. PSK. block diagrammatic description. dispersion relations. power spectral density. Signal transmission through LTI systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems. Electromagnetics: Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl. reduction of block diagrams. skin depth. boundary conditions. Poynting vector.Definitions and properties of Laplace transform. probability density function. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM). elements of hardware. phase delay. continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform. Smith chart. reflection and refraction. radiation pattern. autocorrelation. Sampling theorem. cut-off frequencies. S parameters. antenna gain. group delay. . Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Routh-Hurwitz criterion. poles and zeros. DFT and FFT. Plane waves: propagation through various media.