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A person may read in order to gain information or verify existing knowledge, or in order to critique a writer's ideas or writing style. A person may also read for enjoyment, or to enhance knowledge of the language being read. The purpose(s) for reading guide the reader's selection of texts. The purpose for reading also determines the appropriate approach to reading comprehension. A pupil who needs to know whether she can afford to eat at a particular restaurant needs to comprehend the pricing information provided on the menu, but does not need to recognize the name of every appetizer listed. A person reading poetry for enjoyment needs to recognize the words the poet uses and the ways they are put together, but does not need to identify main idea and supporting details. However, a person using a scientific article to support an opinion needs to know the vocabulary that is used, understand the facts and cause-effect sequences that are presented, and recognize ideas that are presented as hypotheses and givens. Reading is an interactive process that goes on between the reader and the text, resulting in comprehension. The text presents letters, words, sentences, and paragraphs that encode meaning. The reader uses knowledge, skills, and strategies to determine what that meaning is. English has been always noted as one of the most difficult subjects among the pupils of Urdaneta Central School particularly for Grade II. One of the problems is the shortage of textbook and workbooks that will develop the pupil’s skills. Poor attendance of the pupils also affects their learning. Sometimes, calamities affects the
2 . Deficiencies in short and long term memory.attendance that may contribute to their learning aspect. awareness of pitch and sense of rhythm. Low vocabulary level. Due to these situations. improving their proficiency and vocabulary. to improve their ability to understand what they were reading and able to relate the story they had read. PROBLEM: This action research aims to determine the effectiveness of the module to enhance reading comprehension of Grade II Pupils of Urdaneta Central School. the researcher prompted to find out the effect of module to enhance reading comprehension of Grade II Pupils of Urdaneta Central School. II. Rhyme recognition. Poor phonological awareness. Language processing difficulties The pupils can’t understand the text at all. on how to improve their reading comprehension in order to achieve 75% of level of mastery specifically in reading comprehension. Problems : Decoding of polysyllabic words. The pupils misreads the text by totally changing its meaning The pupils misreads the text by taking words and phrases out of context ("under-reading”). their understanding on the reading materials.
The advantage of using module is considered useful and effective. IV. GENERATION OF ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the module to enhance reading comprehension of Grade II Pupils of Urdaneta Central School.III.Urdaneta Central School participate in classroom activities 3 . It is along this premise that the researcher would like to undertake the effectiveness of the English Module as a means to improve pupils’ understanding on reading. Enhance vocabulary words and develop ability of the pupils to delivery what they had learned from the story they had read and able to answer provided questions. PLAN OF ACTION This action research was guided by the following objectives and activities to be done. A. Objectives Develop and enhance the reading comprehension of the Grade II pupils of Urdaneta Central School. in which as a result. This module is one of the innovative means to teach English particularly in enhancing reading comprehension. they will able to enjoy reading in all aspect. To help in the full implementation teaching guidelines for pupils of Urdaneta Central School To motivate the pupils of Grade II.
Time Frame The time frame for this action research will be conducted during the school year 2010-2011. B. Activities to be Undertaken Target students Grade II pupils Teachers Involved Activities Provide a reading the reading class instruction Expected Results Enhance reading the Grade II Ability to reflect materials intended for comprehension of Provide test after reading intended for what they had read as evidence by the 4 .Y. 2010-2011. Target Subjects: Target pupils for the study are the grade II pupils of Urdaneta Central School during the A. To provide opportunities for the pupils express and show their potentials by motivating them that they were productive pupils despite their inferiorities. To enable them to become a useful pupils and develop their potentials in order to participate effectively in the school. C. Including two session of reading activities to rate the reading comprehension of the students. There were 23 boys and 17 girls participated in the activity. D.
F. Research Design 5 . Evaluation Criteria The result of this action reaction shall be reported after 70% of the pupils o have improved in their reading comprehension and improve in English in general. Evaluate the outcome of the reading class instruction Understand aspects where the pupils find several difficulties and aspects they were struggling much E. the design shall be revised by investigating other strategies to improve the reading comprehension of the pupils using other activities and strategies in order to meet the needs and find solutions to the arising problems among Grade II concerning reading.pre-test and post test result of the pre-test and post test Other Expected Results: Determine the prerequisite skills required on learning English Development of Exercises to test the comprehension of the pupils.
Activities Use of module intended for reading in order to test comprehension among Grade Data to be collected Statistical Treatment List of pre-requisite Percentage Method skills reading Percentage (Mean. PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS 6 . V. this will be the basis in determining the reading comprehension of the pupils and determine if the proposed module is effective. Prepare set of questions to be asked after the reading session. PLM. T-Test) focused on II pupils comprehension Evaluate the outcome of the Test/result of the module Pretest and Post-Test effect activities to Perform pretest and Pre-test and Post-Test of post-test to mean determine the reading class instruction on determine the result the achievement of pupils Other Activities: Prepare a letter of request to conduct the action researcher at Urdaneta Central School duly endorsed by the principal.
The 75% performance level of mastery of the pretest was 30% while in post test was 85%.03 36. Of Pupils who achieved 75% level of mastery Class means PLM Achievement Rate 40 10 10 1 12 6. V.Table 1 PRE TEST AND POST TEST RESULTS (n=40) PRETEST No. As shown in the table.8% 30% POST TEST 40 10 10 4 34 9. Of Pupils who took the test No. Of Test Items Highest Score Obtained Lowest Score Obtained No. The distribution of the pupils based on pretest and post test shown in Table 1 which shows the detailed and complete frequency distribution of the number of students fall with the achievement rate. and in the post test there were 34 out of 40 pupils fall below 75% level of mastery. CONCLUSION 7 . 34 pupils are distributed on above 75% performance level of mastery during post test and only 12 pupils on the pretest who got 75% level of mastery. In the Pretest level 12 out of 40 pupils fall below the 75% level of mastery.90% 85% Mastery Level of the Pupils by a 75% cut off Table 1 presents the Mastery Level of the Pupils by a 75% cut off.45 25.
Additional learning modules for pupils to motivate them more to focus attention in dealing with reading Encourage teachers to become more resourceful and aware of several problems. Similarly. the need to demonstrate academic achievement as a prerequisite for elementary students has given way to the 8 . Introduce motivations and learning modules for pupils in reading comprehension suited to their needs to be improved. RECOMMENDATION The researcher therefore recommends the following strategies as to recruitment and budget.The detailed and complete frequency distribution of the number of students fall with the achievement rate shows that the 75% performance level of mastery of the pretest was 30% while in post test was 85%. This suggests that the proposed module as the strategy in improving the reading comprehension of the pupils is effective. REFLECTION: Engaging the reader in reading activities is my goal both with pupils in the classroom in order to deal with the problem.
These proposal can be of great help in their mastery of the pupils as to comprehension during reading class or at home under the guidance of their parents.belief that pupils should not be denied the opportunity that they learn how to comprehend. For the fast learners. BIBLIOGRAPHY 9 . the proposed materials can serve to reinforce their comprehension skills along the objectives which the materials seek to develop.
Mill. D. Literacy & Learning April/May McGuinness. McGuinness. London: Penguin. F. SOEID (1996) Methods of Teaching Reading: key issues in research and implications for practice. S & Watson. Cambridge University Press Johnston. (1998) Why Children Can’t Read. (1999) Reading. (1997) Fun in English. D. J. London: Penguin. (1998) Why Children Can’t Read. URDANETA CITY 10 .
ACTION RESEARCH About The Effect of Module to Enhance Reading Comprehension of Grade II Pupils of Urdaneta Central School Presented to: Presented by: 11 .
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