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Hebrew Chart

Hebrew Chart

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Published by: David Roberts on Dec 11, 2010
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07/28/2011

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Name

Description Example.
א ء, ا ֫ ָ א ֶ ל ף
A ا, or a silent letter, or ء
followed by a vowel.
ב ָ א שִ י ׁ ׹ ֵ ע ָ מ א ל ל ַ מ ׹ ך ַ א
׹

בּ ب ֵ בּ תי B. ַ בּ תִ י
ב v (1) ֵ ב תי V. תִ י ַ ב
גּ g (2) ֫ ִ גּ ֶ מ ל ָ גּ ל ַ א
ג غ ִ֫ ג ֶ מ ל ל ַ אָ ג
דּ د ֫ ָ דּ ֶ ל ת דּ׸ ָ ג ָ א ה
ד ذ ָ֫ ד ֶ ל ת ד׸ ָ ג ָ א ה
ה - ֵ ה א
Pronounced at the beginning
of a syllable, silent at the end.
ָ ה י ּ ו ִ א ָ שּׁ ה
ּ ה - ַ מ ִ פּ קי Always pronounced. ּ ה ָ שי ִ א ׁ
ו و ָ ו ו The consonant w. ו׸ ל ֶ א
ֹ ו و םֶ ל ֹ וח ו ָ ו The long vowel o. (maṣṣoth) ת ֹ וצ ַ מ ּ
ֺו و ֶ ל ֹ וח ו ָ ו רסח ם
The consonant w and the long
vowel o.
(miṣwoth) צ ִ מ ׹ תֺו
ּ ו و קֶ רּ ושׁ The long vowel u. (Yeishua3) ַ עּ ושֵ י ׁ
ז ز ֫ ַ ז ןִ י The consonant z. ז׸ ב ֵ א
ח ح תי ֵ ח ס ָ מָ ח
ט ط תי ֵ ט ר ֹ והָ ט
י ي ד ֹ וי The consonant y. שֵ י ׁ
י ي
An e/i type long vowel
indicator.
םי ִ נ ֹ ודֲ א
ך ּ כ ּ ك ַ כּ ף The consonant k. ָ כּ ּ ונ ֹ ומ
ך כ خ ַ כ ף The consonant kh. ּ ונ ֹ ומָ כ
ל ل ָ֫ ל ֶ מ ד The consonant l. ךֵ ל
׹

ם מ م םי ֵ מ The consonant m. מ׸ ָ מּ וא ה
ן נ ن ןּ ונ The consonant n. ָ נ א
ס س ֫ ָ ס ֶ מ ך
׹
The consonant s. ֵ בֹ ס א
ע ع ֫ ַ ע ִ י ן דֶ בֶ ע
ף פ ּ ּ p (3) ֵ פּ א The consonant p. דַ חָ פ
ף פ ف ֵ פ א The consonant f. דַ חָ פ
ץ צ ص ֫ ָ צ ֵ ד י ָ אֹ צ ה
ק ق ף ֹ וק םֶ ד ֶ ק
ר ر שי ֵ ר ׁ ן ֹ ושא ִ ר ׁ
שׁ ش ןי ִ שׁ The consonant sh. תֶ לֹ ּ ב ִ שׁ
שׂ س ןי ִ שׂ The consonant s. שִ י ׂ ׹ ל ֵ אָ ר
תּ ت ָ תּ ו The consonant t. םי ִ מ ָ תּ
ת ث ָ ת ו The consonant th. םי ִ מ ָ ת

Rav Sa'adya Gaon (¸-·--'ا --·- .- --·- , ןואג ףסוי ןב הידעס ) (flourished roughly 1100 years ago, universally accepted as one of the
greatest sages, in all areas of Tora, of all time) in his commentary to Sefer Yesira (p. 74 onwards) states the following facts:
1) There are 29 consonantal sounds in our language (22+7). No two letters are identical, with the exception of שׂ(sin) and ס (samekh).
2) The letters of our aleph beth are identical to those of (classical) Arabic, unless otherwise stated.
3) We possess four sounds that Arabic does not: Veth, Gimmel, Pe and the strong (or second) pronuncition of Resh.
4) The Arabs have three that we lack: ج , ض, ظ. The very same information is imparted to us by R. Dunash Ben Tamim (shortly after R.
Sa'adya) in his commentary to Sefer Yesira (p. 21).

21). Sa'adya) in his commentary to Sefer Yesira (p. 74 onwards) states the following facts: 1) There are 29 consonantal sounds in our language (22+7). Pe and the strong (or second) pronuncition of Resh. ) (flourished roughly 1100 years ago. .Rav Sa'adya Gaon ( ‫ا‬ . 4) The Arabs have three that we lack: ‫ . universally accepted as one of the greatest sages. Dunash Ben Tamim (shortly after R. 3) We possess four sounds that Arabic does not: Veth. of all time) in his commentary to Sefer Yesira (p. with the exception of (sin) and (samekh). in all areas of Tora.ج‬The very same information is imparted to us by R.ض .ظ . unless otherwise stated. 2) The letters of our aleph beth are identical to those of (classical) Arabic. No two letters are identical. Gimmel.

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