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Strategic Intervention Material

in Chemistry

Created by Alfore

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. Cover page

II. Table of Contents

III. Guide Card

IV. Introduction

V. Activity Card1

VI. Activity Card 2

VII. Assessment Card

VIII. Enrichment Card

IX. Answer Card 1

X. Answer Card 2

XI. Reference Card

GUIDE CARD

**Understanding the different concepts governing the behavior of
**

gasses (i.e. Ideal Gas) has always been focused by chemistry as it plays a

very important role in our society, in the industry and in the different

fields of our lives.

In this Strategic Intervention Material, the student is subjected

to a deeper understanding of Charles Law. After completing this SIM the

learner is expected to:

**State and Define the Charles Law.
**

Recognize the key concepts regarding the behavior of ideal

gasses at constant pressure.

Identify the applicability and limitations of Charles Law and its

association with other physical concepts (e.g. Ideal Gas Law,

Kinetic Theory & Absolute Zero).

Solve practical problems involving Charles Law.

Now you are ready to learn! Let us have the basics of Charles Law!

INTRODUCTION

Charles' law (also known as the law of volumes) is an

experimental gas law which describes how gases tend to expand when

heated. It was first published by French natural philosopher Joseph

Louis Gay-Lussac in 1802, although he credited the discovery to

unpublished work from the 1780s by Jacques Charles. The law was

independently discovered by British natural philosopher John Dalton by

1801, although Dalton's description was less thorough than GayLussac's.[2] The basic principles had already been described a century

earlier by Guillaume Amontons.

Whatever the priority of the discovery, Gay-Lussac was the first

to demonstrate that the law applied generally to all gases, and also to

the vapours of volatile liquids if the temperature was more than a few

degrees above the boiling point. His statement of the law can be

expressed mathematically as:

where V100 is the

volume occupied by a given sample of gas at 100 °C; V0 is the volume

occupied by the same sample of gas at 0 °C; and k is a constant which is

the same for all gases at constant pressure. Gay-Lussac's value for k was

1

⁄2.6666, remarkably close to the present-day value of 1⁄2.7315.

A modern statement of Charles's law is:

“At constant pressure, the volume of a given mass of an ideal gas

increases or decreases by the same factor as its temperature on

the absolute temperature scale (i.e. the gas expands as the

temperature increases).”

which can be written as:

where V is the volume of the gas; and T is the absolute temperature.

The law can also be usefully expressed as follows:

**The equation shows that, as absolute temperature increases, the
**

volume of the gas also increases in proportion.

ACTIVITY CARD

Activity 1

Read and analyze each item. Write your answers on the corresponding boxes.

Complete the Cipher Code by filling in the number for the corresponding

English Alphabet Letter. Decode the mystery phrase.

Silly CIPHER

1.

**At constant (1)_______, the (2)______ of a given
**

mass of an ideal (3)_____ increases or decreases

by the same factor as its temperature on the

absolute temperature scale(i.e. the gas expands as

the temperature increases).”

6 5 24 17 17 16 5 24

2.

3 19 8 16 20 24

3

**So at constant pressure, if the temperature (K) is
**

doubled, the volume of gas is also (4)_______.

23 26 17

4.

**A hypothetical gas which obeys Charles' Law at all
**

temperatures and pressures is called an (5)_____

gas.

12 19 16 13 8 24 12

5.

22 12 24 26 8

CIPHER CODE

A

B

C

D

E

=

=

=

=

=

25

F

G

H

I

J

=

=

=

=

=

11

10

9

K

L

M

N

O

=

=

=

=

=

21

7

P

Q

R

S

T

=

=

=

=

=

18

4

U

V

W

X

Y

=

=

=

=

=

Z

=

1

17

F

11

19

15

2

14

Decode me!

C

25

K

21

H

‘

10 26 5 8 24 17

N

W N

7 19 15 7

26 17

W

8 26 15

T H

4 10 24

22 17

L A

8 26 15

26

8

19

3 19 8 16 20 24 17

The Cipher Text says that ____________________________________.

If the original volume is 1737mL. T2=20K E. V2=__L. T2=ΦK L. if the new volume is equal to 412. Find the increase in temperature of a gas whose original volume and temperature is 150L and 100K respectively. V1=20L. The volume of a gas at a certain temperature is 224L. CROSS NUMBER A C E B D F G H I J K L M N Down A. What is the new volume of a gas after the temperature is tripled if the original volume is 21667mL? J. The temperature is squared. T1=300K. T2=200°K . V1=46mL. what is the new volume? K. V1=___mL. At what temperature.V1=600L. T2=52K B. The volume of a given mass of gas. find the new temperature? N.5L? F.6L. V1=____mL. find the original volume. If the original volume is 20L. T2=300K C. V1=74mL. what is the original temperature? D. T1=10ΦK. if after applying heat the volume changes to 10. The volume of a gas is 9L under a temperature of 90K. at 288K is 400 ml. L. find the new volume. T2=9ΦK H. V2=10mL. T1=____K. T1=ΦK. T1=300K. If the temperature grows by 47K. T1=10K. If a drop of 12K will reduce the volume by 24L. assume that the gas is hold at constant pressure. V1=1080mL. T2=315K Across A. what is the new volume? M. G. V2=__L. will it occupy a volume of 600 ml? I. V2=__mL. V2=70L. 147 An ideal gas has a volume of 100L under the temperature of 100K.ACTIVITY CARD Activity 2 In the following items. The temperature is reduced by 2/3. T1=10 K . V2=200mL. If after the absolute temperature is tripled the new volume of a gas is 1107L. V2=____mL.

Show your solution. What would its volume be at 0oC at the same pressure? Vi = 1.2L Vf = ? Ti = 100oC = 100 + 273 = 373K Tf = 0oC = 0 + 273 =273K 2. A sample of gas at 101. A balloon had a volume of 75L at 25oC.ASSESSMENT CARD Activity 1 Read and analyze each Problem. To what does the temperature need to raised in order for the balloon to have a volume of 100L at the same pressure? Vi = 75L Vf = 100L Ti = 25oC = 25 + 273 = 298K Tf = ? (K) .3kPa had a volume of 1. PROBLEM SOLVING 1.2L at 100oC.

its volume begins to increase linearly. the line begins to curve (usually downward) so there is a marked deviation from Ideal Gas behaviour close to the condensation point. Absolute zero (0K. Once the gas condenses to a liquid it is no longer a gas and so does not obey Charles' Law at all. As the temperature approaches the gases condensation point. .ENRICHMENT CARD Charles’ Law and its effect on Real Gasses A Real Gas is one which approaches Charles' Law as the temperature is raised or the pressure lowered. -273oC approximately) is the temperature at which the volume of a gas would become zero if it did not condense and if it behaved ideally down to that temperature. As a Real Gas is cooled at constant pressure from a point well above its condensation point.

V O L U M E 3 19 8 16 20 24 3 So at constant pressure. I D E A L 22 12 24 26 8 The Cipher Text states that Charles’ Law is also known as the Law of Volumes. the volume of gas is also (4)_______. the (2)______ of a given mass of an ideal (3)_____ increases or decreases by the same factor as its temperature on the absolute temperature scale(i.” P R E S S U R E 6 5 24 17 17 16 5 24 2. the gas expands as the temperature increases). D O U B L E D 12 19 16 13 8 24 12 5. A hypothetical gas which obeys Charles' Law at all temperatures and pressures is called an (5)_____ gas.e. Activity 2 A B 1 1 0 C 1 D 4 E 1 3 2 F 1 G 3 5 H 4 1 1 0 I 7 6 5 0 0 J K 5 7 9 0 L 4 M 1 0 4 6 3 N 7 2 0 0 0 . G A S 23 26 17 4. At constant (1)_______. if the temperature (K) is doubled.ANSWER CARD Activity 1 1.

ANSWER CARD Assessment 1 a. To what does the temperature need to raised in order for the balloon to have a volume of 100L at the same pressure? Vi = 75L Ti = 25oC = 25 + 273 = 298K V i/Ti V f = 100L Tf = ? (K) = Vf/Tf 75/298 = 100/Tf 0. A sample of gas at 101.2/373 = V Tf = 0oC = 0 + 273 f/273 3.2L at 100oC.22 x 10-3 x 273 = 0.2L Vf = ? Ti = 100oC = 100 + 273 = 373K =273K 1.2517 = 100/Tf Tf = 100/0.3kPa had a volume of 1.22 x 10-3 = Vf/273 Vf = 3.88L (880mL) b.2517 = 397K (397-273 = 124oC) . What would its volume be at 0o C at the same pressure? Vi = 1. A balloon had a volume of 75L at 25oC.

Regnault's Observations on Steam". http://www. (1834). Gay-Lussac. (1994). P. pp. 4. "On an Absolute Thermometric Scale founded on Carnot's Theory of the Motive Power of Heat. http://www. 6. 153–90). Philosophical Magazine 4. (L'An X – 1802). Fullick. http://zapatopi. "On the Dynamical Theory of Heat. 141–42. Clapeyron. Thomson. and M. with numerical results deduced from Mr Joule's equivalent of a Thermal Unit.com/Fe-Ge/Gay-Lussac-JosephLouis. Thomson.html .html. English translation. and calculated from Regnault's Observations".html 3.REFERENCE CARD 1. 7. William (1848). Journal de l'École Polytechnique XIV: 153–90. 5. Heinemann.ausetute. Philosophical Magazine: 100–6. "Mémoire sur la puissance motrice de la chaleur".com.chemistryexplained. ISBN 0435570781. Physics.au/charslaw. E. 2. L. Facsimile at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (pp. J.net/kelvin/papers/on_an_absolute_thermomet ric_scale. William (1852). Annales de chimie XLIII: 137. "Recherches sur la dilatation des gaz et des vapeurs".

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This Strategic Intervention Material is about Charles' Law. The topic is presented in a concise and effective manner. Activities were developed using creative techniques making them enjoyable. Grab a copy of this SIM and other free stuff by visiting my blog http://alfore.blogspot.com/ and going to the Download Page. Thank you!

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