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This is a problem taken from Beer and Johnson book: Given: A Steel Shaft as shown in figure below, The dimensions of the 2 disks and the length of the shaft are labelled in the respective figure. G = Modulus of Rigidity = 11.2e5/mm2, T1 = -4kN-mm, T2 = 10kN-mm
1 1.25inch 2
Figure 1: Shaft with Two DISKS
To Determine: 1. Rotation of the 2 disks due to application of Torque applied as shown above. 2. The Sheer Stresses (Maximum and Minimum) produced in the Shaft.
Click OK. Set Preferences As before. For example. We'll use this folder to store files created during the ANSYS session. we'll more or less work our way down the Main Menu.0 > Mechanical APDL Product Launcher In the window that comes up. The job name is the prefix used for all files generated during the ANSYS session. when you perform a save operation in ANSYS.Step 1: Start-up and preliminary set-up Start ANSYS Create a folder called shaft at a convenient location.db in your working directory. Specify crank as your Job Name. All files generated during the ANSYS run will be stored in this directory. Main Menu > Preferences In the Preferences for GUI(Graphical User Interface) Filtering dialog box. enter the location of the folder you just created as your Working Directory by browsing to it. it'll store your work in a file called shaft. . Start > All Programs > ANSYS 12. click on the box next to Structural so that a tick mark appears in the box.
and Isotropic.303 for Poisson's Ratio PRXY. And 0. Linear. double-click on Linear Model Isotropic under Material Isotropic Propert ies window. This will show you the current values for EX and PRXY. Cancel the Linear . Click Apply to select this element. double-click on Structural.Step 2: Specify element type and constants Specify Element Type Main Menu > Preprocessor> Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete > Add.1E5 for Young's modulus EX. Elastic. Save your work Toolbar > SAVE_DB Number 1 in the Define Material Behavior menu. Step 3: Specify material properties Main Menu > Preprocessor >Material Props > Material Models In the Define Material Model Behavior menu. Click OK... To double-check the material Model property values. Enter 2. Pick Structural Mass Solid in the left field and 8node 45 in the right field.
5 in FY Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas >Circle >Solid Circle Enter the values in the window as done below WP X = 0 WP Y = 0 Radius = 1.625 Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling >Operate > Extrude Enter 12.Step 4: Specify geometry Create a Circular Area Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas >Circle >Solid Circle Enter the values in the window as done below WP X = 0 WP Y = 0 Radius = 15.875 Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling >Operate > Extrude Enter 175 in FY Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas >Circle >Solid Circle Enter the values in the window as done below WP X = 0 WP Y = 0 Radius = 18.75 .
You should check the Command Window and look for the "GLUE VOLUMES" command. On your ANSYS workspace the Figure should appear like this: .100 And press OK Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling >Operate > Extrude> Areas >Aong Normal Enter 12. Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling > Operate > Booleans > Glue > Volumes Click Pick All to glue our two volumes together.5 in FY Now we glue all the volumes to make it as a simple object.0. Note that there are no visual indicators of whether or not the volumes have been glued.Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling > Move > Areas Enter the values in the sequence as below 0.
click the Set button next to Global. .12 are the result of an iterative process.12 and click OK. Enter an element edge length of 0. The goal is to obtain a solution that doesn't change as you refine the mesh. The specified smart size of 4 and edge length of 0.Step 5: Mesh geometry Bring up the MeshTool: Main Menu > Preprocessor > Meshing >MeshTool Under Size Controls.
Save Your Work Toolbar > SAVE_DB . Then.The above figure should appear on your ANSYS workspace after the whole meshing process is performed.
And click Apply. all From full Apply Plot OK .Step 6: Specify boundary conditions Main Menu > Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Areas Click OK Main Menu > Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Operate>Transfer to FE > Constraints Enter the items as follows int the window popped out: Select Entities Lines By Num/Pick From Full Apply After this we select the lines of the upper half of the 1st DISK. Then we again fill the items in the popped out window as follows: Nodes Attached to Lines .
In this way Torque is applied on the 1st disk.0.Main Menu > Preprocessor > Work Plane > Local CS > Create Local CS >At specified Location Create CS at Location Enter 0. And the figure should appear like this: . Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling > Move/Modify > Rotate Node CS >To active CS And click Pick All The go to Apply F/M on nodes Then Enter 4 in the constant value box under FY.0 in the popped window and press OK.
4 under the Create CS at location And press OK In this way Torque is applied on the 2nd disk. And a figure like this appears: . Then Enter the values 0.Now for applying Torque on the 2nd Disk perform the same process and then Main Menu > Preprocessor > Work Plane > KCS type of CS Chose cylindrical and press Apply.0.
Main Menu > Solution > Solve > Current LS Click OK in Solve Current Load Step menu. Enter check in the Input window and press Enter.Step 7: Solve! Before we start the solution. ANSYS should cheerfully report "Solution is done!" Verify that ANSYS has created a file called shaft. There are no errors but you will see the warnings regarding element shapes that we encountered before. This file contains the results of the (previous)solve. All warnings and errors found will be displayed in the Output Window.rst in your working directory. . we should check our model for errors. So we're finally ready to kick back and let ANSYS do some of the work: assembling the local and global stiffness matrices and inverting the global system to determine the displacements at the nodes.
Select Forward Only in the Animat ionController. This is also a good way to check the boundary conditions have been applied correctly... Close the Animation Controller. .Step 8: Postprocess the Results Plot Deformed Shape Main Menu > General Postproc> Plot Results > Deformed Shape Select Def + undef edge and click OK. Animate the deformation Utility Menu >PlotCtrls> Animate > Deformed Shape. Main Menu > General Postproc> Plot results > Contour Plot > Nodal Solu Select Nodal Solution > Stress > X component ofStress and click OK. Select Def + undeformed and click OK.